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Encyclopedia > Sandiganbayan
Philippines

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The Sandiganbayan is a special court which was established under Presidential Decree No. 1606. Its rank is equivalent to the Court of Appeals. The court consists of 14 Associate Justices and 1 Presiding Justice. The Sandiganbayan building is located at Centennial Building, Commonwealth Ave., Batasan Road, Quezon City in Metro Manila. Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... Quezon City P (Filipino: Lungsod Quezon), is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... For the article on the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ...

Contents

History

The creation of the Sandiganbayan was originally provided for by Article XIII of the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines: The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. ...


"SEC. 5. The National Assembly shall create a special court, to be known as Sandiganbayan, which shall have jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases involving graft and corrupt practices and such other offenses committed by public officers and employees, including those in government-owned or controlled corporations, in relation to their office as may be determined by law."


In obedience to this mandate, the late President Ferdinand Marcos, exercising the emergency legislative power granted him under Amendment No. 6 of the 1976 Amendments to the 1973 Constitution, issued on June 11, 1978, Presidential Decree No. 1486 creating the Sandiganbayan and putting it on the same level as what were then known as the Courts of First Instance, now the Regional Trial Courts. Shortly thereafter, however, the Sandiganbayan was elevated to the level of the Court of Appeals by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 1606 issued on December 10, 1978. The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was the tenth president of the Philippines, serving from 1965 to 1986. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Philippine Court... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


At the start of its operation on February 12, 1979, the Sandiganbayan had only one Division, composed of the Presiding Justice, Hon. Manuel R. Pamaran, and two Associate Justices, Hon. Bernardo P. Fernandez and Hon. Romeo M. Escareal, and a skeleton force of fifteen (15). The start of the third year of the Court’s operation in 1981 was marked by the activation of the Second Division. The appointment of three more Justices of the Third Division in August 4, 1982 completed the full membership of the Court. February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The EDSA Revolution of February 1986 signaled the beginning of a new dispensation, caused substantial changes in the entire government machinery, including the judiciary. However, both the “Freedom Constitution” and the new Constitution have seen fit to maintain the Sandiganbayan as one of the principal instruments of public accountability. In furtherance of this, its jurisdiction has been broadened to include the so-called “ill-gotten wealth” cases investigated by the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) through Executive Orders No. 14 and No. 14-A. In the reorganization program of the new government, the resignation of some of the members of the Court was accepted leading to the appointment of a new Presiding Justice in the person of Hon. Francis E. Garchitorena. The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ... February is the second month of the calendar year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


To further strengthen the functional and structural organization of the Sandiganbayan, several amendments have been introduced to the original law creating it, the latest of which are Republic Acts No. 7975 and No. 8249. Under these new laws, the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan is now confined to cases involving public officials occupying positions classified as salary grade “27” and higher. As restructured, the Sandiganbayan is presently composed of a Presiding Justice and fourteen (14) Associate Justices who sit in five (5) Divisions of three Justices each in the trial and determination of cases.


List of current Sandigandayan justices

Name Position
Francis Garchitorena Presiding Justice
Catalino R. Castañeda, Jr. Associate Justice
Gregory S. Ong Associate Justice
Edilberto G. Sandoval Associate Justice
Godofredo L. Legaspi Associate Justice
Alfredo J. Gustillo Associate Justice
Cipriano A. Del Rosario Associate Justice
Teresita L. De Castro Associate Justice
Ricardo M. Ilarde Associate Justice

See also

The Chief Justice of the Philippines is the head of the Judicial Branch of the government of the Philippines, and presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ... The political history of the Philippines as a unified archipelago begins with the rule of the Spanish monarchs of the Philippines. ... The Constitution of the Philippines (Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas in Filipino) is the supreme law of the Philippines. ...

External links

  • Philippines: Gov.Ph: About the Philippines – Justice category
  • Sandiganbayan – Official website
  • SANDIGANBAYAN Info – Information on the Sandiganbayan

References

  • About the Sandiganbayan

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ombudsman Frustrates Litigants and Lawyers (2182 words)
Sandiganbayan Presiding Justice Francis Garchitorena is hard-pressed for kind words to say about the quality of work done by the office that investigates, prepares and prosecutes all the cases filed in his court.
But Sandiganbayan records do show that from 1988 to July 31, 1997, 3,120 accused saw their cases dismissed, or 46 percent of the 6,807 accused whose cases were terminated during that period.
Sandiganbayan records reveal that from 1988 to July 31, 1997, the accused whose cases were withdrawn by the Ombudsman reached 664 or 9.75 percent of the total number of accused who had their cases terminated during that period.
Sandiganbayan justices ... - Jan. 25, 2004 (296 words)
The Sandiganbayan wants to build its own summer compound in this city, where the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals have their respective quarters where they hold summer sessions, the Inquirer has learned.
The Sandiganbayan has contested a city government petition asking President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo to relinquish in favor of the city an abandoned hotel foreclosed by government banks on a populated hill here.
He said the Sandiganbayan agreed to content itself with only two hectares of the old hotel compound, but the PMS has not finalized the contract.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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