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Encyclopedia > Sancho VII of Navarre
Sancho in stained glass in the church at Roncesvalles.
Sancho in stained glass in the church at Roncesvalles.

Sancho VII (11601234), called the Strong (el Fuerte in Spanish, Santxo Azkarra in Basque), was the king of Navarre from 1194 to his death. Image File history File links SanchosoloWK.jpg Summary From Spanish Wikipedia, see http://upload. ... Image File history File links SanchosoloWK.jpg Summary From Spanish Wikipedia, see http://upload. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Roncesvalles (French: Roncevaux, Basque: Orreaga) is a small village of northern Spain (Navarre Cities), in the province of Navarre; situated on the small river Urrobi, at an altitude of 2,950 ft. ... Events Eric IX of Sweden is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... Events Canonization of Saint Dominic Collapse of the Jin Dynasty (1115-1234) Deaths Emperor Chukyo of Japan Emperor Go-Horikawa of Japan Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile - Ferdinand III, the Saint King of Castile and Leon (reigned... Basque (in Basque: Euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... This is a list of the kings of Navarre. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ...

He was the son of Sancho VI, succeeding his father in 1194. He was the last male-line descendant of the first two dynasties of kings of Navarre, the Houses of Íñiguez and Jiménez. He was the elder brother of Berengaria, who was married to King Richard the Lionheart of England in 1191 on the island of Cyprus on the way to the Holy Land for the Third Crusade. Sancho and Richard were reputed to have been good friends and close allies, even before the marriage brought them together. The French took advantage of Richard's captivity in Germany and captured certain key fortresses of the Angevin dominions including Loches. When Richard returned to his continental lands in 1194, the knights of Sancho were besieging the castle for Richard. As soon as Richard arrived though, Sancho was forced to return to Navarre with the news of the death of his father. Sancho VI Garces, (c. ... Íñigo I Íñiguez, called Arista in Spanish and Aritza or Aiza in Basque (his Basque name was Eneko {Íñigo}) (c. ... Jiménez (archaic Ximénez) is a surname of Spanish origin. ... Berengaria (Spanish: Berenguela, French: Bérengère) (c. ... Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... // Events May 12 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. ... The phrase The Holy Land (Arabic الأرض المقدسة, al-Arḍ ul-Muqaddasah; Hebrew ארץ הקודש: Standard Hebrew Éreẓ haQodeÅ¡, Tiberian Hebrew ʾÉreá¹£ haqQāḏēš; Latin Terra Sancta) generally refers to Israel, otherwise known as Palestine (sometimes including Jordan, Syria and parts of Egypt). ... The Third Crusade (1189–1192) was an attempt by European leaders to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin. ... Angevin (IPA: ) is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers. ... Loches is a town in France, capital of an arrondissement in the department of Indre-et-Loire, 29 miles southeast of Tours by railway, on the left bank of the Indre River. ...

He arrived late at the Battle of Alarcos in 1195 and thus ruined good relations with the Castilian sovereign Alfonso VIII. The ensuing confrontation resulted in Sancho devastating Soria and Almazán and Alfonso accepted the Peace of Tarazona. Battle of Alarcos (July 18, 1195), was a great victory of Almohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub al-Mansur over the Castilian King Alfonso VIII; also referred as the Disaster of Alarcos due to the magnitude of the Castilian defeat. ... Events Priory of St Marys, Bushmead, founded. ... Alfonso VIII (November 11, 1155 – October 5, 1214); called the Noble or, in Spanish, de las Navas; was the king of Castile and grandson of Alfonso VII. He led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohades at the battle of the Navas... Soria is a city in north-central Spain, the capital of the province of Soria in the autonomous community of Castile-Leon. ... Tarazona is a municipality (pop. ...

Sancho made expeditions against Murcia, Andalusia, and, in the year 1200, he campaigned in Africa. Taking advantage of his absence, the kings of Castile and Aragón invaded Navarre, which lost the provinces of Álava, Guipúzcoa, and Vizcaya to Castile. These conquests were subsequently confirmed by the Treaty of Guadalajara (1207). Murcia () is a city and municipality on the river Segura in southeastern Spain and the capital of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia. ... Motto: Dominator Hercules Fundator Andalucía por sí, para España y la humanidad (Andalusia for herself, for Spain, and for humankind) Capital Seville Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 2nd  87 268 km²  17,2% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 1st  7. ... Events University of Paris receives charter from Philip II of France The Kanem-Bornu Empire was established in northern Africa around the year 1200 Mongol victory over Northern China — 30,000,000 killed Births Al-Abhari, Persian philosopher and mathematician (died 1265) Ulrich von Liechtenstein, German nobleman and poet (died... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... A former kingdom in modern-day Spain, Castile (Spanish: Castilla; usually pronounced Cast-EEL in English) now compromises the regions of Old Castile in the north-west, and New Castile in the center of the country. ... Capital Zaragoza Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47 719 km²  9,4% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 11th  1 217 514  2,9%  25,51/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  Aragonese  aragonés Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982 ISO 3166-2 AR Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate... Álava province Álava (Basque: Araba) is a province of northern Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Guipúzcoa province Guipúzcoa (Basque Gipuzkoa, in English sometimes as Guipuscoa) is a province of northern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... (For the Vizcaya mansion in Florida, see Villa Vizcaya) Vizcaya province Vizcaya (Basque Bizkaia) is a province of northern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of the Basque Country. ... Guadalajara may refer to: Mexico Guadalajara, Jalisco, the capital of the state of Jalisco Chivas de Guadalajara, aka Chivas, a Mexican association football team Spain Guadalajara (province), a province in Castile–La Mancha Guadalajara, Spain, the capital of the above province This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages... Events Stephen Langton consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury June 17 by Pope Innocent III Births September 8 - King Sancho II of Portugal October 1 - King Henry III of England (d. ...

The new blazon of Navarre, acquired at Las Navas by Sancho and his men.
The new blazon of Navarre, acquired at Las Navas by Sancho and his men.

His leadership was decisive in the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa in the year 1212. In that engagement, the Christian forces of Sancho, Alfonso, Afonso II of Portugal, and Peter II of Aragón allied to defeat the forces of the Almohad Caliph Muhammad an-Nasir. Sancho's troops cut the chains guarding the store of Miramamolín. For this, the chains became the symbol of Navarre and replaced the sable eagle on a golden field with a golden chain on a gules field in the Navarrese coat-of-arms. Image File history File links Blason_Navarre. ... Image File history File links Blason_Navarre. ... The July 16, 1212 battle of Las Navas de Tolosa is considered a major turning point in the history of Medieval Iberia. ... Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground Battle of Navas de Tolosa Childrens crusade Crusaders push the Muslims out of northern Spain In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese... A Christian is a follower of Jesus, whom they regard as a/the Christ. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213. ... The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... Muhammad an-Nâsir (الناصر لدين الله محمد بن المنصور an-nāṣir li-dīn allah muḥammad ben al-manṣūr), date of birth unknown. ... Coat of arms of Monaco. ...

His relations with the countries north of the Pyrenees were notable better than his Castilian ones. Several Pyrenean counties declared themselves his vassals and he concluded treaties with John of England, and the various Aragonese kings of his time, the aforementioned Peter II and James I. With the latter he signed at Tudela, in 1231, which was never finished, a treaty stating that whoever survived the other would inherit unopposed the other kingdom's. Central Pyrenees. ... This page deals with the King of England. ... James I of Aragon (Catalan: Jaume I, Spanish: Jaime I) (Montpellier February 2, 1208 – July 27, 1276), surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1219 to 1276. ... Tudela is a town and municipality in Spain, in the northern province of Navarra. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ...

Sancho went into retirement (el Encerrado) at some point, when his youngest sister Blanca took administration of the kingdom (see note in Kings of Navarre family tree) and died in 1229. His eldest sister, Berengaria, queen of England, died in 1232, thus leaving Sancho alone among the children of Sancho VI. When he died in Tudela, Blanca's son Theobald was recognized as the next monarch of Navarre on 7 April. Sancho is interred in Roncesvalles. There are several persons named Blanca of Navarre: Blanca of Navarre (daughter of Garcia VI), wife of King Sancho III of Castile, died 1156 Blanca of Navarre (daughter of Sancho VI), also Blanche de Navarre, died 1229 This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... This is a Family tree of the Kings of Navarre from Sancho I of Navarre until the acession of Henry III of Navarre to the throne of France. ... Events February 18 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor signs a ten-year truce with al-Kamil, regaining Jerusalem, Nazareth, and Bethlehem with neither military engagements nor support from the papacy. ... // Events Canonization of Saint Anthony of Padua, patron of lost items Pope Gregory IX driven from Rome by a revolt, taking refuge at Anagni First edition of Tripitaka Koreana destroyed by Mongol invaders Battle of Agridi 15 June 1232 Births Arnolfo di Cambio, Florentine architect (died 1310) Manfred of Sicily... Theobald IV of Champagne (1201–1253), known as the Troubadour, the Chansonnier, and the Posthumous, was Count of Champagne and the King of Navarre from 1235. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Roncesvalles (French: Roncevaux, Basque: Orreaga) is a small village of northern Spain (Navarre Cities), in the province of Navarre; situated on the small river Urrobi, at an altitude of 2,950 ft. ...

He was married twice: firstly to Constance de Conulouse and secondly to a daughter of Abu Yaqub al-Mustansir Yusuf II, emir of Morocco. Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ...

External links

Preceded by:
Sancho VI
King of Navarre
Succeeded by:
Theobald I

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Sancho VII of Navarre - definition of Sancho VII of Navarre in Encyclopedia (177 words)
Sancho VII of Navarre was king of Navarre from 1194 to 1234, surnamed "the Strong" ("Sancho el Fuerte" in Spanish, "Santxo Azkarra" in Basque).
He was the son of Sancho VI of Navarre, succeeding his father in 1194.
Sancho went into retirement ("el Encerrado") at some point, when his sister Blanca took administration of the kingdom (see note in Kings of Navarre family tree).
  More results at FactBites »



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