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Encyclopedia > San Juan Province (Argentina)
San Juan


Coat of Arms Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Juan_province_in_Argentina. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Capital San Juan
Area 89,651 km²
Population 620,023 (2001)
Density 6.92/km²
Governor José Luis Gioja (2003-2007)
Demonym Sanjuanino
ISO 3166-2 AR-J

San Juan is a province of Argentina, located in the western part of the country. Neighbouring provinces are, moving clockwise from the north, La Rioja, San Luis and Mendoza. It borders Chile on the west. San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valey, west of the San Juan River, and at 650 m above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... José Luis Gioja (born 1949) is an Argentine Justicialist Party (PJ) politician, current governor of San Juan Province and former President of the Argentine Senate. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... ISO 3166-2:AR is an ISO standard which defines geocodes: it is the subset of ISO 3166-2 which applies to Argentina. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (520x1004, 13 KB) Provincia de San Juan, Argentina A map highlighting San Juan Province, Argentina. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... La Rioja is a one of the provinces of Argentina and is located in the west of the country. ... San Luis is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country (on the 32º South parallel). ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ...

Contents

History

Huarpes, Diaguitas, Capazanes, Olongastas and Yacampis, with influences of the Inca empire, inhabited the area before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadores. The Diaguita, also called Diaguita-Calchaquí, are a group of South American indigenous peoples. ... Capital Cusco 1197-1533 Vilcabamba 1533-1572 Language(s) Quechua, Aymara, Jaqi family, Mochic and scores of smaller languages. ... Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas under Spanish rule between the 15th and 17th centuries. ...


The city of San Juan de la Frontera was founded by Juan Jufré y Montesa in 1562 and relocated 2 kilometres south in 1593 due to the frequent flooding of the San Juan River. San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valey, west of the San Juan River, and at 650 m above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC... Year 1562 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... The San Juan River is, together with the Jáchal, the most important river of the Argentine province of San Juan. ...


In 1776, the year in which San Juan passed to the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, an earthquake almost completely destroyed the city. Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ...


The town was a great supporter of José de San Martín's expedition to cross the Andes, supplying gold, men and mules. José Francisco de San Martín Matorras, also known as José de San Martín (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South Americas successful struggle for independence from Spain. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ...


In 1944 a moderate, yet highly destructive earthquake near the capital destroyed most of the city and killed 10,000 people. A fundraiser to benefit the victims of the quake was instrumental in the meeting of Colonel Juan Perón and his eventual wife and political companion Eva Duarte. [[1]] Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1944 San Juan earthquake was a seismic movement that took place in the province of San Juan, Argentina. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine general and politician, elected three times as President of Argentina and serving from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... Evitas image appeared on a wide variety of products, including stamps, coins, postcards and calendars. ...


Geography and climate

The province is part of the continental semi-desert Cuyo region. The arid plains on the east, with a few low sierras (hills), swiftly turn into 6,000-meter-high mountain peaks towards the west. Both areas are subject to the dry hot Zonda (a kind of Föhn wind). Most of the precipitations take place during the summer, often as storms. Cuyo is the name given to the wine-producing, mountainous area of north-west Argentina, comprising the provinces of San Juan, San Luis and Mendoza. ... Zonda wind (in Spanish, viento zonda) is a regional term for the föhn wind that often occurs on the eastern slope of the Andes, in Argentina. ... A föhn wind or foehn wind occurs when a deep layer of prevailing wind is forced over a mountain range (Orographic lifting). ...


The hot wind has modeled the clay-rich red soil into Pampa del Leoncito (Reserva Natural Estricta El Leoncito) and Valle de la Luna (Parque Provincial Ischigualasto) 200 million year old geological formations. Valle de la Luna may mean: Valle de la Luna (Argentina) Valle de la Luna (Bolivia) Valle de la Luna (Chile) Category: ... Ischigualasto is a geological formation and a natural park associated with it in the province of San Juan, north-western Argentina, near the border with Chile. ...


The Jáchal and San Juan rivers, both part of Desaguadero River system, are the source of fertile valleys and centre of the province's economy. The San Juan River finishes in the Huanacache lagoons (sometimes called Guanacache), on the southeast. The Jáchal River is a river in the province of San Juan, Argentina. ... The Desaguadero River is the general name of a river in western Argentina that receives a number of different names on its path of 1,515 kilometres, being its most important section named that way. ...


Economy

Viticulture is the main crop of the province's economy traditionally linked to agriculture, with some 500 km² (56% of the productive area), and the later wine production from 90% of the crop. San Juan is the second Argentine wine producer after the Mendoza Province. Other plantations include tomato, maize, potato, fig, peach and many others. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Vineyards in Agrelo, Mendoza. ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


Also important is the mining industry of very different materials, from gold and lead to graphite and clay. Other industries include food industry and conserves, textiles and mineral processing. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the metal. ... For other uses, see Graphite (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Clay (disambiguation). ...


Energy production is mainly hydroelectrical, produced by a few dams such as Quebrada de Ullum, La Roza, San Emiliano and El Pinar Station, which also help regulate water the level for irrigation of the arid lands. Electricity is also produced, in a lesser proportion, by thermal power stations. Hydroelectricity is electricity produced by hydropower. ... This article is about structures for water impoundment. ... The Ullum Dam is a dam on the San Juan River, in the Argentine province of San Juan Province. ... A thermal power station near Sofia, Bulgaria A thermal power station comprises all of the equipment and systems required to produce electricity by using a steam generating boiler fired with fossil fuels or biofuels to drive an electrical generator. ...


The tourism is not very developed in the province and consist mainly of local visitors. Its main attractions are the city of San Juan (and birth house of Sarmiento) the Ischigualasto Provincial Park, the Ullum Dam, the Pismanta hot springs, and the pagan Difunta Correa shrine. Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Albarracín (February 15, 1811 – September 11, 1888) was an Argentine statesman, educator, and author. ... Ischigualasto is a geological formation and a natural park associated with it in the province of San Juan, north-western Argentina, near the border with Chile. ... Pagan and heathen redirect here. ... Sanctuary dedicated to the Difunta Correa, located in Uruguay, between the Tacuarembó and Paso de los Toros cities. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ...


Political division

The province is divided into 19 departments (Spanish: departamentos). Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ...


Department (Capital)

  1. Albardón (Albardón)
  2. Angaco (Villa del Salvador)
  3. Calingasta (Calingasta)
  4. Capital (San Juan)
  5. Caucete (Caucete)
  6. Chimbas (Villa Paula A. de Sarmiento)
  7. Iglesia (Rodeo)
  8. Jáchal (San José de Jáchal)
  9. Nueve de Julio (Nueve de Julio, San Juan)
  10. Pocito (Villa Alberastain)
  11. Rawson (Villa Krause)
  12. Rivadavia (Rivadavia)
  13. San Martín (Villa San Isidro)
  14. Santa Lucía (Santa Lucía)
  15. Sarmiento (Villa Media Agua)
  16. Ullum (Ullum)
  17. Valle Fértil (San Agustín del Valle Fértil)
  18. Veinticinco de Mayo (Villa Santa Rosa)
  19. Zonda (Zonda)

San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valey, west of the San Juan River, and at 650 m above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the 2001 census [INDEC... Caucete is a city in the province of San Juan, Argentina, located 25 km southeast of the provincial capital, on the junction of National Routes 20 and 141. ... San José de Jáchal (often shortened to Jáchal) is a city in the northeast of the province of San Juan, Argentina, located on National Route 40, south of the Jáchal River. ... Nueve de Julio is a town in the province of San Juan, Argentina. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Catamarca is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Chaco is an Argentine province located on the north of the country, near the border with Paraguay. ... Chubut is a province in the southern part of Argentina, that lies between the 42nd Parallel South (forming the border with the Río Negro Province) and 46th Parallel South (bordering Santa Cruz Province), the Andes range separating Argentina from Chile, and the Atlantic ocean. ... Córdoba is a province of Argentina, located in the center of the country. ... Corrientes is a province in northeast Argentina, in the Mesopotamia region. ... Entre Ríos is a province of Argentina, it lays and borders north of Buenos Aires Province, south of Corrientes Province, east of Santa Fe Province, and west of Uruguay. ... Formosa Province is in northeastern Argentina, part of the Gran Chaco Region. ... Jujuy is a province of Argentina, located in the extreme northwest of the country, at the borders with Chile and Bolivia. ... La Pampa is a province of Argentina, located in the Pampas in the centre of the country. ... La Rioja is a one of the provinces of Argentina and is located in the west of the country. ... Mendoza is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the western central part of the country in the Cuyo region. ... Misiones is one of the 23 provinces of Argentina, located in the northeastern corner of the country in the Mesopotamia region. ... Neuquén is a province of Argentina, located in the west of the country, at the northern end of Patagonia. ... Río Negro is a province of Argentina, located at the northern edge of Patagonia. ... Salta is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... San Luis is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country (on the 32º South parallel). ... Santa Cruz is a province of Argentina, located in the south of the country, in the Patagonia. ... Santa Fe is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... Santiago del Estero is a province of Argentina, located in the north of the country. ... Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands (Spanish: Provincia de Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur) is a province entirely separated by the Strait of Magellan from mainland Argentina on the Isla Grande of Tierra del Fuego, which it shares with Chile to the... Tucumán is a province of Argentina, located in the northwest of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ...

External links

  • Official page (Spanish)
  • Tourist office (Spanish)
  • Universidad Nacional de San Juan (Spanish)
  • Diario de Cuyo (Newspaper - Spanish)
  • San Juan Tourist Guide (English - Spanish - German)
  • CuyoNoticias (digital newspaper - Spanish-English)

  Results from FactBites:
 
San Juan, Argentina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (688 words)
San Juan is the capital city of the Argentine province of San Juan in the Cuyo region, located in the Tulúm Valey, west of the San Juan River, and at 650 m above mean sea level, with a population of around 112,000 as per the 2001 census
San Juan de la Frontera was founded on June 13, 1562 by Juan Jufré at the shore of the San Juan River.
San Juan is the seat of a Roman Catholic metropolitan Archbishop and a Catholic University.
hoteles san juan: hoteles y alojamientos en san juan, argentina - Hospedata (1574 words)
The city of San Juan de la Frontera was founded by Juan Jufré y Montesa in 1562 and relocated 2 kilometres south in 1593 due to the frequent flooding of the San Juan River.
Its main attractions are the city of San Juan (and birth house of Sarmiento) the Ischigualasto Provincial Park, the Ullum Dam, the Pismanta hot springs, and the pagan Difunta Correa shrine.
The Ullum Dam is a dam on the San Juan River, in the Argentine province of San Juan Province.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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