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Encyclopedia > San José, Costa Rica

San José is the capital and largest city of the nation of Costa Rica. It is also the capital of San José Province. San José is a province of Costa Rica. ...


San José is located in the center of the country at 9°56′ N 84°5′ W (http://kvaleberg.com/extensions/mapsources/index.php?params=9_56_N_84_5_W_); it is on a mountain plateau at an elevation of about 1,170 meters (some 4,000 feet) above sea level. In 1997 the city had an estimated population of 329,154 people: the latter half of the 20th century was a period of rapid growth for the city, considering that in 1950 its population was a mere 86,900. For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Reef. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


History

San José was a small village of little significance until 1824. In that year, Costa Rica's first elected head of state, liberal Juan Mora Fernández, decided to move the government of Costa Rica from the old Spanish colonial capital of Cartago and make a fresh start with a new city. This was a time of much optimism in the newly independent nation of Central America, of which Costa Rica was at that time a state (see: History of Central America). The new capital of San José grew rapidly. Because of its late 18th century origin, San José has little of the Spanish colonial architecture common in most other Latin American capitals. 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Cartago is a city in Costa Rica, about 25 km (15 miles) east of the capital, San José. It is at an elevation of about 1435 m (some 4930 ft) above sea level on the Cartago River, at the base of the Irazú volcano. ... Before European Contact In pre-Columbian times, most of modern Central America was part of the Mesoamerican civilization. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


The University of Costa Rica was established here in 1843. San José also serves as the headquarters of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Since then, it has grown rapidly and extended in the Central Valley. Along with Alajuela, Heredia, Cartago and other cities, the population reached 1.57 million in 2004, number 76 in the list of largest cities in the Americas. The cities of Heredia, Alajuela and San José are very close to each other. The Juan Santamaría International Airport and the Palacio de los Deportes are located in the metropolitan area, GAM San José. The University of Costa Rica (in Spanish, Universidad de Costa Rica, abbreviated UCR) is a public university in the Republic of Costa Rica, in Central America. ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Inter-American Court of Human Rights is an autonomous judicial institution based in the city of San José, Costa Rica. ...


Important places in the city include the Banco Central de Costa Rica, La Sabana Metropolitan Park, Avenida Central (which is one of the major commercial areas in the city). The Central Park and la Plaza de la Cultura are visited by thousands of workers and tourists every day. The Melico Salazar Theater (National Theatre) and the Cathedral are landmarks in the central area. In the south, the Clínica Bíblica (a private hospital), the Pacific Train Station are important buildings.


Nightlife

There are numerous bars around San José, with 3 major 'nightlife centers':

  • A street known as the Calle de la Amargura in San Pedro near the University of Costa Rica, with a couple of bars and discos where students like to hang out, thus offering 'reasonable' prices.
  • A group of discos in Escazu with more elevated prices.
  • Centro Comercial "El Pueblo" which resembles an old, colonial-style town with little alleys and many discos and bars.

The Calle de la Amargura (bitterness street) is a small 200 meters long street located in San Pedro, one of the most populated zones in San Jose, Costa Rica. ... The University of Costa Rica (in Spanish, Universidad de Costa Rica, abbreviated UCR) is a public university in the Republic of Costa Rica, in Central America. ... Escazú is a city in Costa Rica, bordering the capital San José. The city currently has over 30,000 inhabitants and covers roughly 13 square miles of land. ...

Tourism

San José is Costa Rica's main transportation hub due to its central location, and tourist traveling around the country usually make stop-overs there. It is served by Juan Santa Maria International Airport. A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ... Juan Santamaría International Airport (international code SJO) is located in 20 km from San Jose, Costa Rica was until recently the only international airport in Costa Rica. ...


 
 

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