FACTOID # 4: Just 1% of the houses in Nevada were built before 1939.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > San Gimignano
Comune di San Gimignano
Coat of arms of Comune di San Gimignano
Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Mayor Marco Lisi (since June 2004)
Elevation 324 m
Area 138 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2005) 7,105
 - Density 51/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 43°28′N, 11°03′E
Gentilic Sangimignanesi
Dialing code 0577
Postal code 53037
Patron St. Geminianus
 - Day January 31
Website: www.comune.sangimignano.si.it
Historic Centre of San Gimignano*
UNESCO World Heritage Site
View of the town from nearby hill.
State Party Flag of Italy Italy
Type Cultural
Criteria i, iii, iv
Reference 550
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1990  (14th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
† Region as classified by UNESCO.

San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hilltop town in Tuscany, Italy, about a 35-minute drive northwest of Siena or southwest of Florence. It is mainly famous for its medieval architecture, especially its towers, which may be seen from several miles outside the town. Image File history File links San_Gimignano-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... Saint Geminianus, from pentaptych by Simone Martini (c. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (984x672, 540 KB) Photo taken by me, Eric Eddy. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Section of the dome of Florence Cathedral. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The town also is known for the white wine, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, grown in the area. A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... Vernaccia is the white wine grown and produced near the Italian hill town of San Gimignano in Tuscany. ...

Contents

History

San Gimignano was founded as a small village in the third century BC by the Etruscans. Its historical records begin in the tenth century AD, when it adopted the name of the bishop, Saint Geminianus, who had defended it from Attila's Huns. (4th century BC - 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events The first two Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome over dominance in western Mediterranean Rome conquers Spain Great Wall of China begun Indian traders regularly visited Arabia Scythians occupy... Extent of Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... Saint Geminianus from pentaptych by Simone Martini (c. ... For other uses, see Attila (disambiguation). ... Many historians consider the Huns (meaning person in Mongolian language) the first Mongolian and Turkic people mentioned in European history. ...


In medieval and Renaissance times, it was a stopping point for pilgrims on their way to Rome and the Vatican as it sits on the medieval via Francigena. The city's development also was boosted by the trade of agricultural products from the fertile neighbouring hills. Route of the Via Francigena The Via Francigena is an ancient road to Rome for those coming from France. ...


In 1199, during the period of its highest splendour, the city made itself independent from the bishops of Volterra. Divisions between Guelph and Ghibellines parties troubled the inner life of the commune, which nonetheless, still managed to embellish itself with artworks and architectures. Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... A view of Volterra. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Defensive towers at San Gimignano, Tuscany, bear witness to the factional strife within communes. ...


Saint Fina, known also as Seraphina and Serafina, was a thirteenth century Italian saint born in San Gimignano during 1238. Since Saint Fina died on March 12, 1253 her feast day became March 12. Her major shrine is in San Gimignano and the house said to be her home still stands in the town. Saint Fina (Seraphina, Serafina) (1238-1253) was a thirteenth century Italian saint. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ...


On May 8, 1300, San Gimignano hosted Dante Alighieri in his role of ambassador of the Guelph League in Tuscany. is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 22 - Jubilee of Pope Boniface VIII. March 10 - Wardrobe accounts of King Edward I of Englanddo (aka Edward Longshanks) include a reference to a game called creag being played at the town of Newenden in Kent. ... Dante in a fresco series of famous men by Andrea del Castagno, ca. ...


The city flourished until 1348, when the plague that affected all of Europe, compelled it to submit to Florence. San Gimignano became a secondary centre until the nineteenth century, when its status as a touristic and artistic resort began to be recognized. April 7 - Charles University is founded in Prague. ... It has been suggested that Plague doctor be merged into this article or section. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ...


Main sights

In Italian medieval walled towns, rich families competed in the erection of high towers, which served as lodgings, fortresses, and prestige symbols. While in other cities, such as Bologna or Florence, most or all of their towers have been brought down due to wars, catastrophes, or urban renewal, San Gimignano has managed to conserve thirteen towers of varying height which have become its international symbol. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Bologna (IPA , from Latin Bononia, Bulåggna in Emiliano-Romagnolo) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly between the Reno River and the Sàvena River. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ...


There are many churches in the town: the two main ones are the Collegiata, formerly a cathedral, and Sant'Agostino, housing a wide representation of artworks from some of the main Italian renaissance artists. It has been suggested that Ecclesia (Church) be merged into this article or section. ... The Collegiata is the main church of San Gimignano, Tuscany, situated in the Piazza del Duomo at the towns heart. ... The Chiesa di SantAgostino (Church of St Augustine) is the second largest church in San Gimignano, Tuscany, after the Collegiata. ...

The towers of San Gimignano
The towers of San Gimignano

The Communal Palace, once seat of the podestà, is currently home of the Town Gallery, with works by Pinturicchio, Benozzo Gozzoli, Filippino Lippi, Domenico di Michelino, Pier Francesco Fiorentino, and others. From Dante's Hall in the palace, access may be made to a Majesty fresco by Lippo Lemmi, as well as the Torre del Podestà or Torre Grossa, 1311, which stands fifty-four meters high. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Palace of the Podestà in Florence, known as the Palazzo Vecchio or the Palazzo della Signoria Podestà is the name given to certain high officials in many Italian cities, since the later middle ages, mainly as Chief magistrate of a city state (like otherwise styled counterparts in other cities... The Crucifixion with Sts Jerome and Christopher (1471) Oil on wood, 59 x 40 cm Galleria Borghese, Rome Pinturicchio (1454-1513), Italian painter, whose full name was Bernardino di Betti. ... Benozzo Gozzoli Three Wise Men, fresco in the Palazzo Medici-Riccardi, Florence, 1459-1461. ... Filippino Lippi, self-portrait Biography Filippino Lippi (ca. ... Michelinos fresco Dante and his Work in the dome of Santa Maria del Fiore. ...


The heart of the town contains the four squares, Piazza della Cisterna, Piazza Duomo where the Collegiata is located, Piazza Pecori, and Piazza delle Erbe. The main streets are Via San Matteo and Via San Giovanni, which cross the city from north to south.


Culture

San Gimignano
San Gimignano

San Gimignano is the birthplace of the poet Folgore da San Gimignano (1270-1332). Download high resolution version (600x800, 91 KB)San Gimignano File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (600x800, 91 KB)San Gimignano File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Folgóre da San Gimignano, pseudonym of Giacomo di Michele or Jacopo di Michele (c. ...


A fictionalised version of San Gimignano is featured in E.M. Forster's 1905 novel, Where Angels Fear to Tread as Monteriano. Edward Morgan Forster (January 1, 1879 - June 7, 1970) was an English novelist. ... DVD cover for the film of Where Angels Fear to Tread. ... Monteriano is a fictional Tuscan hill town. ...


It is thought that the towers are the inspiration for the design of the campus of the University of Essex and of the residential colleges of Ezra Stiles and Morse at Yale University. The University of Essex rules is a British plate glass university. ... “Yale” redirects here. ...


M. C. Escher's 1923 woodcut, San Gimignano, [1] depicts the celebrated towers. Maurits Cornelis Escher (June 17, 1898 – March 27, 1972), usually referred to as M. C. Escher, was a Dutch graphic artist known for his often mathematically inspired woodcuts, lithographs and mezzotints which feature impossible constructions, explorations of infinity, architecture, and tessellations. ...


Tea with Mussolini, a 1999 drama about the plight of English and American expatriates in Italy during World War II, was filmed in part at San Gimignano. Tea with Mussolini (1999) is a semi-autobiographical film directed by Franco Zeffirelli, telling the story of young Italian boy Lucas upbringing by a kind British woman and her circle of friends. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
San Gimignano



Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
San Gimignano: Information from Answers.com (744 words)
San Gimignano was founded in the 3rd century BC by the Etruscans, as a small village.
San Gimignano became a secondary centre until the 19th century, when its status of touristic and artistic resort began to be recognized.
San Gimignano is also famous for its Torture museum, with a display of instruments and devices for torture in various times and places, complete with multi-lingual descriptions of their use.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m