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Encyclopedia > San Francisco, California
City and County of San Francisco
San Francisco from the Marin Headlands
Flag of City and County of San Francisco
Flag

Seal
Nickname: The City, The City by the Bay, San Fran, Frisco,[1] Baghdad by the Bay[2]
Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California
Coordinates: 37°46′45.48″N 122°25′9.12″W / 37.7793, -122.4192
Country United States
State California
City-County San Francisco
Founded 1776
Incorporated April 15, 1850
Government
 - Mayor Gavin Newsom
Area
 - City 231.92 sq mi (600.7 km²)
 - Land 46.7 sq mi (121.0 km²)
 - Water 185.2 sq mi (479.71 km²)
 - Metro 3,524.4 sq mi (8,869.3 km²)
Elevation 52 ft (16 m)
Population (2007)[3][4][5]
 - City 764,976
 - Density 15,834/sq mi (6,111/km²)
 - Urban 4,203,898
 - Metro 7,264,887
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
ZIP code 94101-94112, 94114-94147, 94150-94170, 94172, 94175, 94177
Area code(s) 415
Website: http://www.sfgov.org

The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth most populous city in California and the 14th most populous city in the United States, with a 2007 estimated population of 764,976.[4] One of the most densely populated major American cities,[6] San Francisco is part of the much larger San Francisco Bay Area, which is home to approximately 7.2 million people. The city is located on the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula, with the Pacific Ocean to the west, San Francisco Bay to the east, and the Golden Gate to the north. San Francisco is the Spanish-language name for Saint Francis. ... View to the northwest, towards the Marin headlands The Golden Gate Bridge in morning fog, viewed from the north, just below and east of the headlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_San_Francisco,_California. ... The flag depicts a rising phoenix, often assumed to be symbolic of the Citys recovery from the 1906 fire, though it dates several years earlier. ... Seal of the City of San Francisco This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The seal, which was adopted in the 1850s, depicts two working men, on one side a miner and on the other a sailor with a sextant. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Overview map of California with county highlighted File links There are no pages that link to this file. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... In American local government, a consolidated city-county, metropolitan municipality or regional municipality is a city and county that have been merged into one jurisdiction. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Mayor of San Francisco is the head of the government of San Francisco, California. ... Gavin Christopher Newsom (born October 10, 1967) is the 42nd Mayor of San Francisco, California and a member of the Democratic Party. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  PST or UTC-8 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  PST or UTC-8 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 415 was one of the original three area codes established in California in 1947. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Ten most populous cities in the United States Los Angeles San Jose San Diego Phoenix Chicago New York City Houston San Antonio Dallas Philadelphia The following is a list of the most populous incorporated places in the United States. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ...


In 1776, the Spanish settled the tip of the peninsula, establishing a fort at the Golden Gate and a mission named for Francis of Assisi. The California Gold Rush in 1848 propelled the city into a period of rapid growth, transforming into the largest city on the West Coast of the United States at the time. After being devastated by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. During World War II, San Francisco was the send-off point for many soldiers to the Pacific Theater. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, massive immigration, liberalizing attitudes, and other factors gave rise to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a liberal bastion in the United States. The Spanish colonization of the Americas was Spains conquest, settlement, and rule over much of the western hemisphere from 1492-1898. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... Mission San Francisco de Asís is the oldest surviving structure in San Franciso and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. ... Saint Francis of Assisi (September 26, 1181 or 1182 – October 3, 1226) was a Roman Catholic friar and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... Categories: Stub | Worlds Fairs | California history | San Francisco history ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Pacific Ocean theater was one of four major theaters of the Pacific War, between 1941 and 1945. ... The Summer of Love refers to the summer of 1967, when an unprecedented gathering of as many as 100,000 young people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also...


San Francisco is a popular international tourist destination famous for its landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island, the cable cars, Coit Tower, and Chinatown, its steep rolling hills, and its eclectic mix of Victorian and modern architecture. The city is also known for its diverse, cosmopolitan population, including large and long-established Asian American and LGBT communities. The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay onto the Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Alcatraz (disambiguation). ... San Francisco Cable Car No. ... Coit Tower with statue of Columbus in foreground Coit Tower was built atop Telegraph Hill in 1933 at the bequest of Lillie Hitchcock Coit to beautify the City of San Francisco. ... Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ... Modern architecture, not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The initialism LGBT also GLBT is in use (since the 1990s) to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...

Contents

History

The earliest archaeological evidence of inhabitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC.[7] The Yelamu group of the Ohlone people resided in several small villages when a Spanish exploration party, led by Don Gaspar de Portolà arrived on November 2, 1769, the first documented European discovery of San Francisco Bay.[8] Seven years later, on March 28, 1776, the Spanish established a fort, followed by a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores). The history of San Francisco, California, has been greatly influenced by its coastal location, which has made it a natural center for maritime trade and military activity. ... Yelamu is the name of the tribal group of Ohlone Indians that lived in the region comprising the City and County of San Francisco before the arrival of Europeans. ... For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... The Spanish colonization of the Americas was Spains conquest, settlement, and rule over much of the western hemisphere from 1492-1898. ... Gaspar de Portolà i Rovira (1716 – 1784), a soldier, governor of Baja and Alta California (1767–1770), explorer and founder of San Diego and Monterey. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... The Spanish Missions of California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholic Dominicans, Jesuits, and Franciscans, to spread the Christian doctrine among the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier... Mission San Francisco de Asís is the oldest surviving structure in San Franciso and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. ...

Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first significant homestead outside the immediate vicinity of the Mission Dolores,[9] near a boat anchorage around what is today Portsmouth Square. Together with Mission Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican-American War, and Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco the next year.[10] Despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. Image File history File links Mission_San_Francisco_de_Asis_old. ... Image File history File links Mission_San_Francisco_de_Asis_old. ... Mission San Francisco de Asís is the oldest surviving structure in San Franciso and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. ... William Adams Richardson, Treasury Secy William Alexander Richardson, U.S. Senator from Illinois This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A Goddess of Democracy statue erected at Portsmouth Square with a playground in the background. ... Alcalde is the Spanish title of the chief administrator of a town. ... Francisco De Haro (1792 - Nov. ... Commodore John D. Sloat John Drake Sloat (July 6, 1781 – November 28, 1867) was a commodore in the United States Navy and, in 1846, claimed California for the United States. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Rear Admiral John Berrien Montgomery (1794 – 25 March 1872) was an officer in the United States Navy who served during the American Civil War. ...


The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers. With their sourdough bread in tow,[11] prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia,[12] raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.[13] The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor.[14] California was quickly granted statehood and the U.S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate and a fort on Alcatraz island to secure the San Francisco Bay. Silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, prostitution, and gambling. The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... Sourdough starter made with flour and water refreshed for 3 or more days Sourdough (or, more formally, natural leaven or levain) refers to the process of leavening bread by capturing wild yeasts in a dough or batter, as opposed to using a domestic, purpose-cultured yeast such as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. ... Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Fort Point is located at the southern side of the Straits of the Golden Gate at the entrance to San Francisco Bay. ... The Golden Gate The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. ... For other uses, see Alcatraz (disambiguation). ... Miner working in the Comstock Lode The Comstock Lode was the first major U.S. deposit of silver ore, discovered under what is now Virginia City, Nevada on the eastern slope of Mt. ... Barbary Coast is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ...

1851 San Francisco
1851 San Francisco

Entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush. Early winners were the banking industry, which saw the founding of Wells Fargo in 1852, and the railroad industry, as the magnates of the Big Four, led by Leland Stanford, collaborated in the building of the First Transcontinental Railroad. The development of the Port of San Francisco established the city as a center of trade. Catering to the needs and tastes of the growing population, Levi Strauss opened a dry goods business and Domingo Ghirardelli began manufacturing chocolate. Immigrant laborers made the city a polyglot culture, with Chinese railroad workers creating the city's Chinatown quarter. The first cable cars carried San Franciscans up Clay Street in 1873. The city's sea of Victorian houses began to take shape, and civic leaders campaigned for a spacious public park, resulting in plans for Golden Gate Park. San Franciscans built schools, churches, theaters, and all the hallmarks of civic life. The Presidio developed into the most important American military installation on the Pacific coast.[15] By the turn of the century, San Francisco was a major city known for its flamboyant style, stately hotels, ostentatious mansions on Nob Hill, and a thriving arts scene. For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... An older Wells Fargo branch, located in Berkeley, California Wells Fargos corporate headquarters and main branch Wells Fargo & Co. ... railroads redirects here. ... “Tycoon” redirects here. ... Alternate meaning: The Big Four (novel) The Big Four were the chief entrepreneurs in the building of the Central Pacific Railroad, the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in the United States. ... Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American tycoon, politician and founder of Stanford University. ... This article refers to a railroad built in the United States between Omaha and Sacramento completed in 1869. ... The Port of San Francisco lies on the western edge of the San Francisco Bay at the Golden Gate. ... This article is about economic exchange. ... Alternative meaning: Claude L vi-Strauss, the French anthropologist. ... Domenico Ghirardelli, Sr. ... For other uses, see Chocolate (disambiguation). ... Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... San Francisco Cable Car No. ... The Clay Street Hill Railroad was the first successful cable hauled street railway. ... A Typical Victorian house A Victorian house as built in the United States and Canada is a type of house popularized in the Victorian era. ... Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... View of Powell Street heading north from Nob Hill, toward San Francisco Bay and Marin County Nob Hill refers to a small district in San Francisco, California adjacent to the intersection of California and Powell streets (and the respective cable car lines). ...

"Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone." – Jack London after the 1906 earthquake and fire
"Not in history has a modern imperial city been so completely destroyed. San Francisco is gone." – Jack London after the 1906 earthquake and fire[16]

At 5:12 am on April 18, 1906, a major earthquake struck San Francisco and Northern California. As buildings collapsed from the shaking, ruptured gas lines ignited fires that would spread across the city and burn out of control for several days. With water mains out of service, the Presidio Artillery Corps attempted to contain the inferno by dynamiting blocks of buildings to create firebreaks.[17] More than three-quarters of the city lay in ruins, including almost all of the downtown core.[18] Contemporary accounts reported that 498 people lost their lives, though modern estimates put the number in the several thousands.[19] More than half the city's population of 400,000 were left homeless.[20] Refugees settled temporarily in makeshift tent villages in Golden Gate Park, the Presidio, on the beaches, and elsewhere. Many fled permanently to the East Bay. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (936x221, 30 KB) Description San Francisco, still burning after the big earthquake, 1906 Source www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (936x221, 30 KB) Description San Francisco, still burning after the big earthquake, 1906 Source www. ... For other persons named Jack London, see Jack London (disambiguation). ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ...

The Palace of Fine Arts at the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition
The Palace of Fine Arts at the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition

Rebuilding was rapid and performed on a grand scale. Rejecting calls to completely remake the street grid, San Franciscans opted for speed.[21] Amadeo Giannini's Bank of Italy, later to become Bank of America, provided loans for many of those whose livelihoods had been devastated. The destroyed mansions of Nob Hill became grand hotels. City Hall rose once again in splendorous Beaux Arts style, and the city celebrated its rebirth at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in 1915. Image File history File links PalaceofFineArts1915. ... Image File history File links PalaceofFineArts1915. ... // The Palace of Fine Arts: 2004 For the opera house in Mexico City, see Palacio de Bellas Artes The Palace of Fine Arts in the Marina District of San Francisco, California is a building originally constructed for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. ... The Palace of Fine Arts from the Exposition The Panama-Pacific International Exposition was a worlds fair held in San Francisco, California between February 20 and December 4 in 1915. ... 1928 Time cover featuring Giannini Amadeo Peter Giannini (1870-1949), born in San Jose, California, was one of the founders of the Bank of America. ... The Bank of Italy was founded in San Francisco, California, USA, in 1904 by Amadeo Giannini. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... San Francisco City Hall in Summer 2003. ... Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... The Palace of Fine Arts from the Exposition The Panama-Pacific International Exposition was a worlds fair held in San Francisco, California between February 20 and December 4 in 1915. ...


In ensuing years, the city solidified its standing as a financial capital; in the wake of the 1929 stock market crash, not a single San Francisco-based bank failed.[22] Indeed, it was at the height of the Great Depression that San Francisco undertook two great civil engineering projects, simultaneously constructing the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge, completing them in 1936 and 1937 respectively. It was in this period that the island of Alcatraz, a former military stockade, began its service as a federal maximum security prison, housing notorious inmates such as Al Capone. San Francisco later celebrated its regained grandeur with a World's Fair, the Golden Gate International Exposition in 1939–40, creating Treasure Island in the middle of the bay to house it. Crowd gathering on Wall Street. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay onto the Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Alcatraz (disambiguation). ... “Capone” redirects here. ... For a listing of World Fairs, see List of worlds fairs. ... Aerial photo of Treasure Island and Yerba Buena Island. ...

The USS San Francisco steams under the Golden Gate Bridge in 1942, during World War II.

During World War II, the Hunters Point Naval Shipyard became a hub of activity and Fort Mason became the primary port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater of Operations.[23] The explosion of jobs drew many people, especially African Americans from the South, to the area. After the end of the war, many military personnel returning from service abroad and civilians who had originally come to work decided to stay. The UN Charter creating the United Nations was drafted and signed in San Francisco in 1945 and, in 1951, the Treaty of San Francisco officially ended the war with Japan. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (587x658, 42 KB) Summary The USS San Francisco steams under the Golden Gate Bridge in 1942. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (587x658, 42 KB) Summary The USS San Francisco steams under the Golden Gate Bridge in 1942. ... See USS San Francisco for other ships of the same name. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay onto the Pacific Ocean. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The San Francisco Naval Shipyard was a United States Navy shipyard in San Francisco, California, located on 638 acres (2. ... Historic wharves near Fort Mason Fort Mason in San Francisco, California is a former U.S. Army base located at the northern Marina District, alongside San Francisco Bay. ... A map of the Pacific Theater. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... UN redirects here. ... Prime Minister Yoshida Shigeru gives a speech on reconciliation and rapport ) at the San Francisco Peace conference. ... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ...


Urban planning projects in the 1950s and 1960s saw widespread destruction and redevelopment of westside neighborhoods and the construction of new freeways, of which only a series of short segments were built before being halted by citizen-led opposition.[24] The Transamerica Pyramid was completed in 1972,[25] and in the 1980s the Manhattanization of San Francisco saw extensive high-rise development downtown.[26] Port activity moved to Oakland, the city began to lose industrial jobs, and San Francisco began to turn to tourism as the most important segment of its economy. The suburbs experienced rapid growth and San Francisco underwent significant demographic change, as large segments of the white population left the city, supplanted by an increasing wave of immigration from Asia and Latin America.[27][28] The Transamerica Pyramid. ... The island of Manhattan, where the term manhattanization is derived. ... High-rise is a 1975 novel by J. G. Ballard. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ...


Over this same period, San Francisco became a magnet for America's counterculture. Beat Generation writers fueled the San Francisco Renaissance and centered on the North Beach neighborhood in the 1950s. Hippies flocked to Haight-Ashbury in the 1960s, reaching a peak with the 1967 Summer of Love. In the 1970s, the city became a center of the gay rights movement, with the emergence of The Castro as an urban gay village, the election of Harvey Milk to the Board of Supervisors, and his assassination, along with that of Mayor George Moscone, in 1978. Counterculture (also counter-culture) is a sociological word used to describe the values and norms of behavior of a cultural group, or subculture, that run counter to those of the social mainstream of the day,[1] the cultural equivalent of political opposition. ... Beats redirects here. ... The term San Francisco Renaissance is used as a global designation for a range of poetic activity centred around that city and which brought it to prominence as a hub of the American poetic avant-garde. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For the British TV show, see Hippies (TV series). ... Categories: US geography stubs | San Francisco neighborhoods ... The Summer of Love refers to the summer of 1967, when an unprecedented gathering of as many as 100,000 young people converged on the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, creating a phenomenon of cultural and political rebellion. ... For the LGBT rights article for a particular country, see LGBT rights by country. ... The flag at the corner of Market, Castro, and 17th St. ... A gay village (also gay ghetto or gayborhood) is an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual people live. ... For other uses, see Harvey Milk (disambiguation). ... San Francisco skyline. ... Mayor Moscone George Richard Moscone (November 24, 1929 – November 27, 1978) was the mayor of San Francisco, California from January 1976 until his assassination in November 1978. ...


The 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake caused destruction and loss of life throughout the Bay Area. In San Francisco, the quake severely damaged structures in the Marina and South of Market districts and precipitated the demolition of the damaged Embarcadero Freeway and much of the damaged Central Freeway, allowing the city to reclaim its historic downtown waterfront. The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p. ... The Marina District is one of the northern districts of San Francisco, California. ... SoMa (South of Market) is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ... State Route 480 was a proposed state highway in San Francisco, California, United States, consisting of the elevated double-decker Embarcadero Freeway (also known as the Embarcadero Skyway), the partly-elevated Doyle Drive approach to the Golden Gate Bridge, and an unbuilt section in between. ... The Central Freeway is a roughly one-mile elevated freeway in San Francisco, California, running west from Interstate_80, part of which is signed as US Highway 101. ...


During the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, startup companies invigorated the economy. Large numbers of entrepreneurs and computer application developers moved into the city, followed by marketing and sales professionals that changed the social landscape as once poorer neighborhoods became gentrified. When the bubble burst in 2001, many of these companies folded and their employees left, although high technology and entrepreneurship continued to be mainstays of the San Francisco economy. The dot-com bubble was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 during which stock markets in Western nations saw their value increase rapidly from growth in the new Internet sector and related fields. ... A startup company is a company with a limited operating history. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ...


Geography

The San Francisco Peninsula: San Francisco and, below it, northern San Mateo County
The San Francisco Peninsula: San Francisco and, below it, northern San Mateo County

San Francisco is located on the west coast of the U.S. at the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula and includes significant stretches of the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay within its boundaries. Several islands are part of the city, notably Alcatraz, Treasure Island, and the adjacent Yerba Buena Island, together with small portions of Alameda Island, Angel Island, and Red Rock Island. Also included are the uninhabited Farallon Islands, 27 miles (43 km) offshore in the Pacific Ocean. The mainland within the city limits roughly forms a seven-by-seven-mile square (11-by-11 km), which has become a colloquialism referring to the city's shape. San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... There are several islands in San Francisco Bay. ... For other uses, see Alcatraz (disambiguation). ... An aerial view of Treasure Island in the foreground, with its link to Yerba Buena Island in the background. ... Aerial photo of Treasure Island (top) and Yerba Buena Island (bottom). ... Nickname: Location in the state of California and Alameda County Coordinates: , Country State County Alameda Government  - Mayor Beverly Johnson (D) Area  - Total 23. ... Aerial view of Angel Island. ... Red Rock is visible adjacent to the bridge in this photograph taken from an airplane (Daniel McCirmick, 2006) Aerial photograph of Red Rock Island Deserted Coast Guard fog bell on southern point of island Red Rock Island is an uninhabited island in the San Francisco Bay located just south of... Farallon Islands, with border of Farallon Islands National Wildlife Refuge Southeast Farallon Islands (from nautical chart of 1957) View of research station at Marine Terrace, with Farallon Island Light above The Farallon Islands are a group of islands and rocks found in the Gulf of the Farallones, off the coast...


San Francisco is famous for its hills. There are more than 50 hills within city limits.[29] Some neighborhoods are named after the hill on which they are situated, including Nob Hill, Pacific Heights, Russian Hill, Potrero Hill, and Telegraph Hill. This is a list of hills in San Francisco, California. ... Nob Hill refers to a small district in sunny San Francisco, California adjacent to the intersection of California and Powell streets (and the respective cable car lines). ... The sidewalk on Fillmore Street, looking north from Bush Street. ... A view of Lombard Street and Russian Hill from Telegraph Hill. ... Potrero Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California, located on the east side of the city, east of the Mission District and south of the South of Market area. ... A view of Telegraph Hill from a boat in the San Francisco Bay. ...

Cars negotiate Lombard Street to descend Russian Hill.
Cars negotiate Lombard Street to descend Russian Hill.

Near the geographic center of the city, southwest of the downtown area, are a series of less densely populated hills. Dominating this area is Mount Sutro, the site of Sutro Tower, a large red and white radio and television transmission tower. Nearby is Twin Peaks, a pair of hills resting at one of the city's highest points and a popular overlook spot for tour groups. San Francisco's tallest hill, Mount Davidson, is 925 feet (282 m) high, and is capped with a 103-ft (31.4 m) tall cross built in 1934. Download high resolution version (960x1280, 717 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (960x1280, 717 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Lombard Streets famed twists Lombard Street is an east-west street in San Francisco, California. ... A view of Lombard Street and Russian Hill from Telegraph Hill. ... Mount Sutro (elevation: 909 ft. ... The Sutro Tower as viewed from the east Sutro Tower is a three-pronged antenna tower on Mount Sutro in the western part of San Francisco, California at 37°4519. ... The Twin Peaks. ... Mount Davidson is the highest natural point in San Francisco, California, with an estimated elevation between 927 and 938 feet. ...


The San Andreas and Hayward Faults are responsible for much earthquake activity, even though neither passes through the city itself. It was the San Andreas Fault which slipped and caused the earthquakes in 1906 and 1989. Minor earthquakes occur on a regular basis. The threat of major earthquakes plays a large role in the city's infrastructure development. New buildings must meet high structural standards, and older buildings and bridges must be retrofitted to comply with new building codes. View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... The Hayward Fault Zone is located in northern California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ...


San Francisco's shoreline has grown beyond its natural limits. Entire neighborhoods such as the Marina and Hunters Point, as well as large sections of the Embarcadero sit on areas of landfill. Treasure Island was constructed from material dredged from the bay as well as material resulting from tunneling through Yerba Buena Island during the construction of the Bay Bridge. Such land tends to be unstable during earthquakes; the resultant liquefaction causes extensive damage to property built upon it, as was evidenced in the Marina district during the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake. The Marina District is one of the northern districts of San Francisco, California. ... Hunters Point or Bayview-Hunters Point is a neighborhood in the southeastern portion of San Francisco, California. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Embarcadero is the name given the eastern waterfront roadway of the Port of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, along San Francisco Bay. ... Look up Dump in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An aerial view of Treasure Island in the foreground, with its link to Yerba Buena Island in the background. ... Earthquake liquefaction, often referred to simply as liquefaction, is the process by which saturated, unconsolidated soil or sand is converted into a suspension during an earthquake. ...

Fog envelops the Golden Gate Bridge and approaches Crissy Field.
Fog envelops the Golden Gate Bridge and approaches Crissy Field.

Image File history File links GGB_Fog_Crissy_Field. ... Image File history File links GGB_Fog_Crissy_Field. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay onto the Pacific Ocean. ... A park in San Francisco, Crissy Field was originally a rich salt marsh, and a gathering ground for the native people. ...

Climate

A quotation incorrectly attributed to Mark Twain is "The coldest winter I ever spent was a summer in San Francisco."[30][31] San Francisco's climate is characteristic of California’s Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and dry summers.[32] In addition, since it is surrounded on three sides by water, San Francisco's climate is strongly influenced by the cool currents of the Pacific Ocean which tends to moderate temperature swings and produce a remarkably mild climate with little seasonal temperature variation. Average summertime high temperatures in San Francisco peak at 70 °F (21 °C) and are 20 °F (9 °C) lower than in nearby inland locations like Livermore.[33] The highest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco was 103 °F (39 °C) on July 17, 1988 and June 14, 2000.[34] Winters are mild, with daytime highs near 60 °F (15 °C). Lows almost never reach freezing temperatures, though the lowest temperature ever recorded in San Francisco was 27 °F (-3 °C) on December 11, 1932.[35] May through September is very dry, but rain is common from November through March. Snowfall is extraordinarily rare, with only ten instances recorded since 1852. The greatest snowfall on record is 3.7 inches (9.4 cm) in downtown San Francisco, and up to 7 inches (17.8 cm) elsewhere, on February 5, 1887.[36] The last measurable snowfall in San Francisco was on February 5, 1976, when most of the city received an inch of snow.[37] Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is one that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin, which includes over half of the area with this climate type world-wide. ... The California Current is a Pacific Ocean current that moves south along the western coast of North America, beginning off southern British Columbia, and ending off southern Baja California. ... Livermore is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The combination of cold ocean water and the high heat of the California mainland create the city's characteristic fog that can cover the western half of the city all day during the spring and early summer. The fog is less pronounced in eastern neighborhoods, in the late summer, and during the fall, which are the warmest months of the year. Due to its sharp topography and maritime influences, San Francisco exhibits a multitude of distinct microclimates. The high hills in the geographic center of the city are responsible for a 20% variance in annual rainfall between different parts of the city.[36] They also protect neighborhoods directly to their east from the foggy and cool conditions experienced in the Sunset District; for those who live on the eastern side of the city, San Francisco is sunnier, with an average of 260 clear days, and only 105 cloudy days per year.[38] For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ... Microclimate on rock located in intertidal zone on rock at Sunrise-on Sea Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at the Lost Gardens of Heligan, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50° 15N A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... The Outer Sunset from Grand View Park The Sunset District is a neighborhood in the west-central part of San Francisco, California, USA that is primarily residential and is built along a grid pattern. ...

Weather averages for San Francisco, California
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 56 (13) 60 (15) 61 (16) 63 (17) 64 (17) 66 (18) 66 (18) 66 (18) 70 (21) 69 (20) 64 (17) 57 (13) 63 (17)
Average low °F (°C) 46 (7) 48 (8) 49 (9) 50 (10) 51 (10) 53 (11) 54 (12) 54 (12) 56 (13) 55 (12) 51 (10) 47 (8) 51 (10)
Precipitation inches (cm) 4.1 (10) 3.5 (8) 2.9 (7) 1.5 (3) 0.5 (1) 0.2 (0.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 1.1 (2) 2.6 (6) 3.9 (9) 20.4 (51)
Source: Weatherbase[39] November 2006

Cityscape

San Francisco skyline at night

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4994x595, 447 KB) Summary Photographed by and copyright of (c) David Corby (User:Miskatonic, uploader) 2006 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: San Francisco, California User:Miskatonic ...

Neighborhoods

San Francisco's Chinatown is the oldest and one of the largest in North America.
San Francisco's Chinatown is the oldest and one of the largest in North America.
See also: List of tallest buildings in San Francisco and the greater Bay Area

The historic center of San Francisco is the northeast quadrant of the city bordered by Market Street to the south. It is here that the Financial District is centered, with Union Square, the principal shopping and hotel district, nearby. Cable cars carry residents and tourists alike up steep inclines to the summit of Nob Hill, once the home of the city's business tycoons, and down to Fisherman's Wharf, a tourist area featuring Dungeness crab from a still-active fishing industry. Also in this quadrant are Russian Hill, a residential neighborhood with the famously crooked Lombard Street, North Beach, the city's version of Little Italy, and Telegraph Hill, which features Coit Tower. Nearby is San Francisco's Chinatown, established in the 1860s. The Tenderloin is often seen as the crime-infested underbelly of the city. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1902 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Francisco, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1902 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Francisco, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... North American redirects here. ... There are approximately 90 neighborhoods in San Francisco, California, USA. Main article: Alamo Square Main article: Anza Vista, San Francisco, California Ashbury Heights is a neighborhood on the hill to the south of the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, east of Stanyan Street, north of Belgrave Avenue and west of Clayton Street. ... The tallest building in San Francisco, California is the Transamerica Pyramid, built in 1972. ... An F Market streetcar turns around at the foot of Market Street, in front of the Ferry Building. ... Financial District, North The Financial District is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California that serves as its main central business district. ... Union Square is the central shopping, hotel and theater district in San Francisco. ... Cable Car in San Francisco A San Francisco cable car Winding drums on the London and Blackwall cable-operated railway, 1840. ... Nob Hill refers to a small district in sunny San Francisco, California adjacent to the intersection of California and Powell streets (and the respective cable car lines). ... Fishermans Wharf sign Aerial view of Fishermans Wharf Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco, California, U.S. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Street east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. ... Binomial name Dana, 1852 The Dungeness crab is a species of crab that inhabits eelgrass beds and water bottoms from the Aleutian Islands in Alaska to Santa Cruz, California [1]. Its binomial name, Cancer magister, simply means master crab in Latin. ... A view of Lombard Street and Russian Hill from Telegraph Hill. ... Lombard Streets famed twists Lombard Street is an east-west street in San Francisco, California. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... A view of Telegraph Hill from a boat in the San Francisco Bay. ... Coit Tower with statue of Columbus in foreground Coit Tower was built atop Telegraph Hill in 1933 at the bequest of Lillie Hitchcock Coit to beautify the City of San Francisco. ... Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... This article is about the San Francisco neighborhood. ...


The Mission District is predominantly working-class and populated by immigrants from Mexico and Central America, but is also gentrifying. Haight-Ashbury, famously associated with 1960s hippie culture, is now heavily gentrified, although it still retains some bohemian character. Historically known as Eureka Valley, the area now popularly called the Castro is the center of gay life in the city. New Mission Theatre on Mission Street The Inner Mission, often called The Mission or The Heart of the Mission (La Misión or El Corazón de la Misión in Spanish) is a neighborhood in the Mission District of San Francisco. ... Corner of Haight and Ashbury The Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, California, USA named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury Streets, commonly known as The Haight. ... For the British TV show, see Hippies (TV series). ... For other uses, see Bohemian (disambiguation). ... The flag at the corner of Market, Castro, and 17th St. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...

The Mission District is known for its colorful murals.

The city's Japantown district suffered when its Japanese American residents were forcibly removed and interned during World War II. The nearby Western Addition became established with a large African American population at the same time. The "Painted Ladies," a row of well-restored Victorian homes, stand alongside Alamo Square, and the mansions built by the San Francisco business elite in the wake of the 1906 earthquake can be found in Pacific Heights. The Marina to the north is a lively area with many young urban professionals. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1072 KB) Summary Description : Balmy Alley, Mission District, San Francisco, California, USA. Author : own work, Urban, I took this picture on April 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1072 KB) Summary Description : Balmy Alley, Mission District, San Francisco, California, USA. Author : own work, Urban, I took this picture on April 2006. ... New Mission Theatre on Mission Street The Inner Mission, often called The Mission or The Heart of the Mission (La Misión or El Corazón de la Misión in Spanish) is a neighborhood in the Mission District of San Francisco. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... The commercial district along Geary Boulevard is bookended by the Japan Center pagoda and the AMC Kabuki 8 movie theater complex. ... Serving from 1999 to 2003, Army General Eric Shinseki of Hawaii became the first Asian American military chief of staff. ... Residents of Japanese ancestry waiting in line for the bus that will transport them to an internment camp. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... A southern view from Alta Plaza Park, which is in the Pacific Heights neighborhood. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Victorian houses known as the Painted Ladies at Alamo Square park in San Francisco. ... A Typical Victorian house A Victorian house as built in the United States and Canada is a type of house popularized in the Victorian era. ... The famous Painted Ladies seen from Alamo Square. ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... The sidewalk on Fillmore Street, looking north from Bush Street. ... The Marina District is one of the northern districts of San Francisco, California. ...


The Richmond, the vast region north of Golden Gate Park that extends to the Pacific Ocean, today has a portion called "New Chinatown," but also attracts immigrants from other parts of Asia and Russia. South of Golden Gate Park lies the Sunset with an Asian majority population.[40] The Richmond and the Sunset are largely middle class and, together, are known as The Avenues. Bayview-Hunter's Point in the southeast section of the city is one of the poorest neighborhoods and suffers from a high rate of crime, though the area has been the focus of plans for urban renewal. The other southern neighborhoods of the city are ethnically diverse and populated primarily with students and working-class San Franciscans. Geary Boulevard, looking eastward from 36th Avenue The Richmond District is a neighborhood in the northwest corner of San Francisco, California. ... Russians (Русские - Russkie) are an ethnic group of East Slavic people, which live primarily in Russia and neighboring countries. ... The Outer Sunset from Grand View Park The Sunset District is a neighborhood in the west-central part of San Francisco, California, USA that is primarily residential and is built along a grid pattern. ... The middle class (or middle classes) comprises a social group once defined by exception as an intermediate social class between the nobility and the peasantry. ... There are approximately 90 neighborhoods in San Francisco, California, USA. Main article: Alamo Square Main article: Anza Vista, San Francisco, California Ashbury Heights is a neighborhood on the hill to the south of the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, east of Stanyan Street, north of Belgrave Avenue and west of Clayton Street. ... Hunters Point or Bayview-Hunters Point is a neighborhood in the southeastern portion of San Francisco, California. ... Urban Renewal redirects here. ...


The South of Market, once filled with decaying remnants of San Francisco's industrial past, has seen significant redevelopment. The locus of the dot-com boom during the late 1990s, by 2004 South of Market began to see skyscrapers and condominiums dot the area (see Manhattanization). Following the success of nearby South Beach, another neighborhood, Mission Bay, underwent redevelopment, anchored by a second campus of the University of California, San Francisco. Just southwest of Mission Bay is the Potrero Hill neighborhood featuring sweeping views of downtown San Francisco. South of Market or SOMA is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ... The dot-com bubble was a speculative bubble covering roughly 1995–2001 during which stock markets in Western nations saw their value increase rapidly from growth in the new Internet sector and related fields. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... This article is about the form of housing. ... The island of Manhattan, where the term manhattanization is derived. ... The South Beach neighborhood of San Francisco encompasses the mixed-use blocks which border The Embarcadero from south of the Bay Bridge down to 3rd Street. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ... The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ... Potrero Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California, located on the east side of the city, east of the Mission District and south of the South of Market area. ...


Beaches and parks

The Conservatory of Flowers in Golden Gate Park
The Conservatory of Flowers in Golden Gate Park

Ocean Beach runs along the Pacific Ocean shoreline, but is not suitable for swimming because the waters off the coast are cold and have deadly rip currents. Baker Beach occupies a picturesque setting just west of the Golden Gate Bridge. The biggest and best-known park is Golden Gate Park, stretching from the center of the city to the Pacific Ocean. Once covered only in grass and sand dunes, the park is planted with thousands of non-native trees and plants and is rich with attractions including the Conservatory of Flowers, the Japanese Tea Garden, and Strybing Arboretum. The Presidio, a former military base, and its Crissy Field section, restored to its natural salt marsh condition, are part of the Golden Gate National Recreation Area, which includes Alcatraz, and other regional parks. Buena Vista Park is the city's oldest, established in 1867. Lake Merced is a fresh-water lake surrounded by parkland. Image File history File links SF_Conservatory_of_Flowers_2. ... Image File history File links SF_Conservatory_of_Flowers_2. ... Ocean Beach is a beach that runs along the west coast of San Francisco, California at the Pacific Ocean. ... A rip current is a strong flow of water returning seaward from the shore. ... Baker Beach with the Golden Gate Bridge as its backdrop. ... Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park. ... The domed Conservatory of Flowers is one of the worlds largest. ... A decorative moon bridge in the Tea Garden, long a particular favorite of youth accompanying their parents. ... Waterlily pond in Strybing Arboretum The Strybing Arboretum and Botanical Gardens is a large botanical garden in San Franciscos Golden Gate Park. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... A park in San Francisco, Crissy Field was originally a rich salt marsh, and a gathering ground for the native people. ... The Golden Gate National Recreation Area is a U.S. National Recreation Area, administered by the National Park Service, which surrounds the San Francisco Bay area. ... The view from Buena Vista Park. ... Lake Merced Lake Merced is a freshwater lake located in the southwest corner of San Francisco, California. ... Freshwater redirects here. ...


Culture and contemporary life

See also: Politics of San Francisco, California

San Francisco is characterized by a high standard of living.[41] The great wealth and opportunity generated by the Internet revolution drew many highly educated and high income workers and residents to San Francisco. Many poorer neighborhoods have become gentrified. The downtown has seen a renaissance driven by the redevelopment of the Embarcadero, including the neighborhoods South Beach and Mission Bay. Property values and household income have escalated to among the highest in the nation,[42][43][44] allowing the city to support a large restaurant and entertainment infrastructure. Because the cost of living in San Francisco is exceptionally high, many middle class families have decided they can no longer afford to live within the city and have left.[45] A San Francisco cable car San Francisco, California is a major and diverse international center of culture in terms of arts, music, festivals, museums and much more. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Embarcadero is the name given the eastern waterfront roadway of the Port of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, along San Francisco Bay. ... The South Beach neighborhood of San Francisco encompasses the mixed-use blocks which border The Embarcadero from south of the Bay Bridge down to 3rd Street. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ...

Boutiques along Fillmore Street in Pacific Heights
Boutiques along Fillmore Street in Pacific Heights

Although the centralized commerce and shopping districts downtown, including the Financial District and the area around Union Square, are well-known, San Francisco is also characterized by a rich street environment featuring many mixed-use neighborhoods anchored around central commercial corridors to which residents and visitors alike can walk. They feature a mix of businesses and restaurants catering to the daily needs of the community and drawing in visitors. Some are highly gentrified, dotted with boutiques, cafes and nightlife, such as Union Street in Cow Hollow, and 24th Street in Noe Valley. Others are less so, including Irving Street in the Sunset, or Mission Street in the Mission. This approach has influenced the South of Market redevelopment, with businesses and neighborhood services rising alongside high-rise residences.[46] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 1154 KB) The sidewalk on Fillmore Street in Pacific Heights, San Francisco looking north from Bush Street. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 1154 KB) The sidewalk on Fillmore Street in Pacific Heights, San Francisco looking north from Bush Street. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... The sidewalk on Fillmore Street, looking north from Bush Street. ... The Financial District and the Transamerica Pyramid as seen from Coit Tower. ... Union Square is the central shopping, hotel and theater district in San Francisco. ... Mixed-use development refers to the practice of allowing more than one type of use in a building or set of buildings. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... Cow Hollow is an upper-class neighborhood in San Francisco, California, located between Russian Hill and The Presidio, and bordering the Marina District. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... Noë Valley is a neighborhood in the central part of San Francisco, California. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... The Outer Sunset from Grand View Park The Sunset District is a neighborhood in the west-central part of San Francisco, California, USA that is primarily residential and is built along a grid pattern. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... New Mission Theatre on Mission Street The Inner Mission, often called The Mission or The Heart of the Mission (La Misión or El Corazón de la Misión in Spanish) is a neighborhood in the Mission District of San Francisco. ...

The rainbow flag, symbol of LGBT pride, originated in San Francisco; banners like this one decorate streets in The Castro.
The rainbow flag, symbol of LGBT pride, originated in San Francisco; banners like this one decorate streets in The Castro.

The international character San Francisco has had since its founding is witnessed today by large numbers of immigrants from Asia and Latin America. With 39 percent of its residents born overseas,[47] San Francisco has numerous neighborhoods filled with businesses and civic institutions catering to new arrivals. In particular, the arrival of many ethnic Chinese, which accelerated beginning in the 1970s, complemented the already-established community based in Chinatown and has transformed the annual Chinese New Year Parade into the largest cultural event of its kind.[48] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1352 KB) Summary A rainbow flag affixed to a lightpole in the Castro district of San Francisco, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1352 KB) Summary A rainbow flag affixed to a lightpole in the Castro district of San Francisco, California. ... Six color rainbow gay pride flag flying over the Castro gay village in San Francisco, June 2005 The six colors of the most common gay pride flag. ... The flag at the corner of Market, Castro, and 17th St. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Looking north from Grant Avenue and Sacramento Street in Chinatown, San Francisco. ... The San Francisco Chinese New Year Festival and Parade is an annual event held in San Francisco. ...


Following the arrival of writers and artists of the 1950s, who established the modern coffeehouse culture, and the social upheavals of the 1960s, San Francisco became one of the epicenters of liberal activism, with Democrats, Greens, and progressives dominating city politics. Indeed, San Francisco has not given a Republican candidate for president greater than 20 percent of the vote since 1988.[49] The large gay and lesbian population has created and sustained a politically and culturally active community over many decades, developing a powerful presence in civic life. A popular destination for gay tourists, it hosts San Francisco Pride, the world's best-known gay pride parade and festival. Discussing the War in a Paris Café, Illustrated London News 17 September 1870 Coffee shop redirects here. ... Modern liberalism in the United States is a form of liberalism that began in the United States in the last years of the 19th century and the early years of the 20th century. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... This article is about the American political party, Green Party. ... For other uses, see Progressivism (disambiguation). ... GOP redirects here. ... The United States presidential election of 1988 featured an open primary for both major parties. ... Drag queens on a float at San Francisco Pride 2005 Dykes on Bikes start the parade. ...


Entertainment and performing arts

San Francisco's War Memorial and Performing Arts Center features some of the longest operating performing arts companies in the U.S. The War Memorial Opera House houses the San Francisco Opera and San Francisco Ballet, while the San Francisco Symphony plays in Davies Symphony Hall. The Herbst Theatre stages an eclectic mix of music performances, as well as public radio's City Arts & Lectures. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x1000, 383 KB)Lobby of the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x1000, 383 KB)Lobby of the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House. ... War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco The War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California is located on the western side of Van Ness Avenue across from the back face of City Hall. ... The San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center is located in San Francisco, California and is one of the largest performing arts centers in the United States. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... The San Francisco War Memorial Opera House San Francisco Opera (SFO) is the second largest opera company in North America. ... SF Ballet program book, April 2006 San Francisco Ballet, or SFB, is a San Francisco, USA based ballet company, founded in 1933 as part of San Francisco Opera Ballet. ... The San Francisco Symphony (SFS) is a leading orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall was built in 1980 to give the San Francisco Symphony a permanent home. ... The Herbst Theatre is an auditorium in the War Memorial and Performing Arts Center in Civic Center in San Francisco. ... NPR redirects here. ... City Arts and Lectures is a lecture series produced by National Public Radio affiate KQED in San Francisco. ...


The Fillmore is a music venue located in the Western Addition. It is the second incarnation of a venue which gained fame in the 1960s under concert promoter Bill Graham and was where the Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, and Jefferson Airplane got their start and fostered the San Francisco Sound. Beach Blanket Babylon is a zany musical revue and civic institution. It has performed to sold out crowds in North Beach since 1974. The Fillmore (also known as the Fillmore Auditorium or, for several years, The Elite Club), is a historic music venue in San Francisco, California made famous by Bill Graham (1931–1991). ... A southern view from Alta Plaza Park, which is in the Pacific Heights neighborhood. ... Bill Graham (January 8, 1931–October 25, 1991) was a very well-known American rock concert promoter, who was prominent from the 1960s until his death. ... This article is about the band. ... Janis Lyn Joplin (19 January 1943 – 4 October 1970) was an American singer, songwriter, and music arranger, from Port Arthur, Texas. ... Jefferson Airplane was an American rock band from San Francisco, a pioneer of the psychedelic rock movement. ... The San Francisco Sound refers to rock music performed live and recorded by San Francisco-based rock groups of the mid 1960s to early 1970s. ... Steve Silvers Beach Blanket Babylon is a cabaret show based in San Francisco. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


The American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.) has been a leading force in Bay Area performing arts since its arrival in San Francisco in 1967, routinely staging original productions. San Francisco frequently hosts national touring productions of Broadway theatre shows in a number of vintage 1920s-era venues in the Theater District including the Curran, Orpheum, and Golden Gate Theatres. American Conservatory Theater (A.C.T.) is a prestigious theater company in San Francisco, USA that offers both contemporary and classical theater productions and a wide range of classes. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... A list of theatres in San Francisco, California Curran Theatre - Off Union Square. ... A list of theatres in San Francisco, California Curran Theatre - Off Union Square. ... A list of theatres in San Francisco, California Curran Theatre - Off Union Square. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1524x1880, 574 KB) w:Yerba Buena Gardens, looking northeast, toward the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1524x1880, 574 KB) w:Yerba Buena Gardens, looking northeast, toward the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. ... San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2004). ... Looking northwest toward Mission Street from behind the waterfall memorial. ...

Museums

See also: List of museums in San Francisco

The Museum of Modern Art (SFMOMA) contains 20th century and contemporary pieces. It moved to its iconic building in South of Market in 1995 and attracts 600,000 visitors annually.[50] The Palace of the Legion of Honor contains primarily European works. The De Young Museum and the Asian Art Museum have significant anthropological and non-European holdings. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2004). ... SoMa (South of Market) is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ... Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, California. ... M. H. de Young Memorial Museum,San Francisco The M. H. de Young Memorial Museum is a fine arts museum located in San Franciscos Golden Gate Park. ... Samurai armour on display. ...


The Palace of Fine Arts, originally built for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition, today houses the Exploratorium, a popular science museum dedicated to teaching through hands-on interaction. The California Academy of Sciences is a natural history museum and hosts the Morrison Planetarium and Steinhart Aquarium. The San Francisco Zoo cares for a total of about 250 animal species out of which 39 have been deemed endangered or threatened.[51] // The Palace of Fine Arts: 2004 For the opera house in Mexico City, see Palacio de Bellas Artes The Palace of Fine Arts in the Marina District of San Francisco, California is a building originally constructed for the 1915 Panama-Pacific Exposition. ... The Palace of Fine Arts from the Exposition The Panama-Pacific International Exposition was a worlds fair held in San Francisco, California between February 20 and December 4 in 1915. ... Smoke billows at the exploratorium The Exploratorium is a public science museum located in the Marina District at the Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco, California. ... The California Academy of Sciences is one of the ten largest natural history museums in the world. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... The California Academy of Sciences is one of the ten largest natural history museums in the world. ... The California Academy of Sciences is one of the ten largest natural history museums in the world. ... The San Francisco Zoo, (previously Fleishhacker Zoo) is a zoo in San Francisco, California housing more than 250 different animal species. ...


Media

See also: Media in San Francisco, California

The San Francisco Chronicle, in which Herb Caen famously published his daily musings, is Northern California's most widely circulated newspaper.[52] The San Francisco Examiner, once the cornerstone of William Randolph Hearst's media empire and the home of Ambrose Bierce, declined in circulation over the years and has been reduced to a small tabloid.[53][54] Sing Tao Daily claims to be the largest of several Chinese language dailies that serve the Bay Area.[55] Alternative weekly newspapers include the San Francisco Bay Guardian and SF Weekly. San Francisco Magazine is a major glossy magazine. The first newspaper published solely in English in San Francisco was The Star published by Mormon pioneer Sam Brannan before San Francisco was renamed from Yerba Buena in 1847. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Herbert Eugene Caen (April 3, 1916 – February 1, 1997) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist working in San Francisco. ... The San Francisco Examiner is a daily newspaper in San Francisco, California, where it has been published continuously since the late 19th Century. ... For other people named William Randolph Hearst, see William Randolph Hearst (disambiguation) William Randolph Hearst I (April 29, 1863 – August 14, 1951) was an American newspaper magnate. ... Ambrose Gwinnett Bierce (June 24, 1842 – 1914?) was an American editorialist, journalist, short-story writer and satirist, today best known for his Devils Dictionary. ... This article is about the newspaper size. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Recent cover of Portland, Oregons Willamette Week An alternative weekly is a type of weekly newspaper that eschews comprehensive coverage of general news in favor of opinionated reviews and columns, investigations into edgy topics and magazine-style feature stories highlighting local people and culture. ... // The San Francisco Bay Guardian (also known as the SF Bay Guardian, Bay Guardian, and the Guardian) is a free alternative newspaper published weekly in San Francisco, California. ... A SF Weekly newsstand on Sansome Street in San Francisco SF Weekly is a weekly free newspaper in San Francisco, California. ... San Francisco is a monthly glossy magazine which covers arts, food, and entertainment in the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


The San Francisco metro area is the sixth-largest TV market[56] and the fourth largest radio market[57] in the U.S. The city's oldest radio station, KCBS (AM), began as an experimental station in San Jose in 1909. KALW was the city's first FM radio station when it signed on the air in 1941. All the major television networks have affiliates serving the Bay Area region, with most of them based in the city. There are also some unaffiliated stations, and CNN, ESPN, and BBC have regional offices in San Francisco. The city's first television station was KPIX, now owned by CBS, which began broadcasting on December 24, 1948. Other stations include KGO, KRON, and KTVU. A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... KCBS is an AM all-news radio station in San Francisco, California that is a key West Coast flagship radio station of the CBS Radio Network and Westwood One, broadcasting at 740 kHz. ... KALW is a public radio station based in San Francisco, California. ... A television network is a distribution network for television content whereby a central operation provides programming for many television stations. ... San Francisco The major network television affiliates include KGO-TV 7 (ABC) KPIX 5 (CBS) KTVU 2 (based in Oakland) (FOX) KNTV 11 (based in San Jose) (NBC) KBWB 20 (WB) KBCW 12/44 (UPN) KQED 9 (PBS) Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KRON 4... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... KPIX (channel 5) is Viacoms CBS-owned and operated television station based in San Francisco, California. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... KGO may mean: KGO (AM), a radio station broadcasting in the San Francisco Bay Area KGO-TV, an ABC owned and operated television station broadcasting in the San Francisco and Monterey Bay Area KKSF, a smooth jazz radio station in the San Francisco Bay Area formerly known as KGO-FM... KRON is an independent television station in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... {{Infobox_Broadcast | call_letters = KTVU| city = | station_logo = | station_slogan = Complete Bay Area News Coverage| station_branding = KTVU Fox 2 (general)KTVU Channel 2 News HD (news)| analog = 2 (VHF)| digital = 56 (UHF)| other_chs = | affiliations = Fox| network = | founded = March 3, 1958| location = [[Oakland, California]| callsign_meaning = K TeleVision for YoU(though original owner claimed calls were...


Public broadcasting outlets include both a television station and a radio station, broadcasting under the name KQED out of a facility near the Potrero Hill district. KQED-FM is the most-listened to National Public Radio affiliate in the country.[58] San Francisco companies such as CNET and Salon.com pioneered the use of the Internet as a media outlet. Leading global media which are marketed specifically to gay and lesbian audiences are centered in San Francisco, with PlanetOut the parent company of major print newsmagazines and online communities. Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the viewing or listening public. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... Potrero Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California, located on the east side of the city, east of the Mission District and south of the South of Market area. ... NPR redirects here. ... CNET Networks, Inc. ... Salon. ... PlanetOut Inc. ...


Sports

See also: Sports in San Francisco

The San Francisco 49ers of the National Football League (NFL) are the longest-tenured major professional sports franchise in the city. They began playing in 1946 and moved to their present location in Candlestick Park on Candlestick Point in 1971. They reached prominence in the 1980s and 1990s, winning five Super Bowl titles behind stars Joe Montana, Steve Young, Ronnie Lott, and Jerry Rice. Currently San Franciscos majority of their sports teams are located in its metropolitan area. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... NFL redirects here. ... Monster Park (colloquially, The Stick or Candlestick, after its original name of Candlestick Park) is an outdoor sports and entertainment stadium located in the San Francisco Bay Area in California. ... Candlestick Point State Recreation Area is a protected area near San Francisco Bay, California. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... Jon Steven Young (born October 11, 1961 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA), is a former quarterback for the National Football Leagues San Francisco 49ers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and the Los Angeles Express of the short-lived United States Football League. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jerry Lee Rice (born October 13, 1962 in Crawford, Mississippi) is a former football wide receiver in the NFL. Rice is widely regarded as among the greatest wide receivers in NFL history, consistently showing exceptional performance and strong work ethic on and off of the field. ...

Major League Baseball's San Francisco Giants left New York for California prior to the 1958 season. Though boasting stars such as Willie Mays, Willie McCovey, and Barry Bonds, they have yet to win the World Series while based in San Francisco. Game 3 of the 1989 World Series in San Francisco was infamously pre-empted by the Loma Prieta earthquake. The Giants play at AT&T Park which was opened in 2000, a cornerstone project of the South Beach and Mission Bay redevelopment.[59] Image File history File links SFBaseballPark. ... Image File history File links SFBaseballPark. ... Muni Metro is a mass transit system operated in the City and County of San Francisco by the San Francisco Municipal Railway, managed by the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. ... AT&T Park (also called China Basin) is an open-air baseball park, home to the San Francisco Giants of the Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–85) Other nicknames The Jints, The Gigantes, The G... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–85) Other nicknames The Jints, The Gigantes, The G... Willie Howard Mays, Jr. ... Willie Lee McCovey (born January 10, 1938 in Mobile, Alabama), nicknamed Big Mac and Stretch, is a former slugger and first baseman who played Major League Baseball for the San Francisco Giants, San Diego Padres and Oakland Athletics between 1959 and 1980. ... Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) is currently a left fielder for the San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball. ... For other events named World Series, see World Series (disambiguation). ... Dates: October 14, 1989–October 28, 1989 MVP: Dave Stewart (Oakland) Television: ABC CBS Radio Network (Jack Buck, Johnny Bench and John Rooney Announcers: Al Michaels, Tim McCarver and Jim Palmer Umpires: Rich Garcia (AL), Paul Runge (NL), Al Clark (AL), Dutch Rennert (NL), Vic Voltaggio (AL), Eric Gregg (NL... The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p. ... AT&T Park (also called China Basin) is an open-air baseball park, home to the San Francisco Giants of the Major League Baseball. ... There are approximately 90 neighborhoods in San Francisco, California. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ...


The Dons, the athletic teams of the University of San Francisco, compete in NCAA Division I. Bill Russell led the Dons to NCAA men's basketball championships in 1955 and 1956. The San Francisco State Gators compete in Division II. The San Francisco Dragons of Major League Lacrosse play at Kezar Stadium, which they will share with the California Victory of United Soccer League First Division. The semi-professional San Francisco Bay Seals of the USL's developmental league are a second soccer team in the city. University of San Francisco (USF) is a private Catholic, Jesuit University in San Francisco, California, United States. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... Division I is the highest level of intercollegiate athletics sanctioned by the National Collegiate Athletic Association in the United States. ... This article is about the basketball player. ... This article is about NCAA Mens Division I Basketball Championship. ... San Francisco State University (commonly referred to as San Francisco State, SF State, State and SFSU) is a public university located in the southwestern San Francisco, California, bordering Lake Merced and Lowell High School, near Fort Funston and Daly City, near the San Mateo County line. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The San Francisco Dragons are a lacrosse team based in San Francisco, California. ... Major League Lacrosse is a professional outdoor Lacrosse league that is made up of teams within the United States. ... Kezar Stadium is a stadium located in the southeastern corner of Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, California. ... The California Victory is a USL First Division professional soccer team based in San Francisco, California. ... The United Soccer Leagues First Division (often referred to as simply, USL-1) is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... The San Francisco Bay Seals is a soccer club based in San Francisco, California, USA. The team was originally started in 1993 as the San Francisco All-Blacks of the USISL. They became the Bay Seals in 1996 and moved up to the A-League in 1998. ... The USL Premier Development League (PDL) is the amateur league of the United Soccer Leagues in the United States and Canada, forming part of the American Soccer Pyramid. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for participatory sports and recreation. The Bay to Breakers footrace, held annually since 1912, is best known for colorful costumes and a celebratory community spirit. The San Francisco Marathon is an annual event that attracts more than 7,000 participants.[60] There are more than 200 miles (320 km) of bicycle lanes in the city[61] and the Embarcadero and Marina Green are favored sites for in-line skating. Extensive public tennis facilities exist in Golden Gate Park and Dolores Park. The Bay to Breakers is an annual footrace which takes place in San Francisco, California. ... The San Francisco Marathon is an annual marathon, which has been held since 1977 in July or August in San Francisco. ... This article or section should include material from Cycle path debate Segregated cycle facilities may consist of a separate road, track, path or lane that is designated for use by cyclists and from which motorised traffic is generally excluded. ... The Marina Green in San Francisco, California is a 74-acre expanse of grass between Fort Mason and the Presidio. ... Roller skating girl in Rome, Italy (soul grind) Roller skating is travelling on smooth terrain with roller skates. ... Dolores Park is a San Francisco, California city park that offers a clear view of the downtown skyline when there is no fog. ...


Boating, sailing, windsurfing and kitesurfing are popular activities on the San Francisco Bay, and the city operates a yacht harbor in the Marina District. San Francisco's residents have been judged to be among the fittest in the U.S.[62]
// Boating, the leisurely activity of traveling by boat typically refers to the recreational use of boats whether power boats, sail boats, or yachts (large vessels), focused on the travel itself, as well as sports activities, such as fishing or waterskiing. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... A windsurfer with modern gear tilts the rig and carves the board to perform a planing jibe (downwind turn) close to shore in Maui, Hawaii. ... Power kites at Coche, Venezuela Kitesurfing in the Columbia River Gorge Kitesurfers use power kites hooked into harnesses to glide through water and air Kitesurfing at Port Douglas, Australia Kitesurfing, also known as kiteboarding, involves using a power kite to pull a rider through the water on a small surfboard... For other uses of this word, see Marina (disambiguation). ... The Marina District is one of the northern districts of San Francisco, California. ...


Economy

Alcatraz receives 1.5 million visitors per year.
Alcatraz receives 1.5 million visitors per year.[63]
See also: List of companies headquartered in San Francisco, California

Tourism is the backbone of the San Francisco economy. Its frequent portrayal in music, film, and popular culture has made the city and its landmarks recognizable worldwide. It is the city where Tony Bennett left his heart, where the Birdman of Alcatraz spent many of his final years, and where Rice-a-Roni[64] was said to be the favorite treat. San Francisco attracts the third highest number of foreign tourists of any city in the U.S.[65] and claims Pier 39 near Fisherman's Wharf to be the third-most popular tourist attraction in the nation.[66] More than 15 million visitors came to San Francisco in 2005, injecting nearly $7.5 billion into the economy.[67] With a large hotel infrastructure and a world-class facility in the Moscone Center, San Francisco is also among the top-ten North American destinations for conventions and conferences.[68] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 295 KB) Downloaded from : http://pdphoto. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 295 KB) Downloaded from : http://pdphoto. ... For other uses, see Alcatraz (disambiguation). ... Fortune 500 rankings indicated in parenthesis. ... Tourist redirects here. ... It has been suggested that List of films set in San Francisco be merged into this article or section. ... For other persons named Tony Bennett, see Tony Bennett (disambiguation). ... Tony Bennetts heart in San Franciscos Union Square I Left My Heart in San Francisco is a popular song, written in 1954. ... Strouds Mugshot Robert James Stroud (January 28, 1890 – November 21, 1963), known as the Birdman of Alcatraz, was a prisoner in Alcatraz who supposedly found solace from segregation in raising and selling birds. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Sea lions on Pier 39 A musician performs at Pier 39. ... Fishermans Wharf sign Aerial view of Fishermans Wharf Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco, California, U.S. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Street east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. ... Colored flags flying high outside the Moscone Convention Center The Moscone Center is San Francisco, Californias largest convention center and exhibition hall. ...

The San Francisco skyline centered within the Financial District
The San Francisco skyline centered within the Financial District

The legacy of the California Gold Rush turned San Francisco into the principal banking and finance center of the west coast in the early twentieth century. Montgomery Street in the Financial District is known as the "Wall Street of the West" (although this nickname may be outdated, considering the rise of Los Angeles and Silicon Valley's Sand Hill Road as rival financial centers on the West Coast), home to the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, the Wells Fargo corporate headquarters, and the site of the now defunct Pacific Coast Stock Exchange. Bank of America, a pioneer in making banking services accessible to the middle class, was founded in San Francisco and built one of the first modern skyscrapers in the city: 555 California Street. Many large financial institutions, multinational banks and venture capital firms are based in or have set up regional headquarters in the city. With over thirty international financial institutions,[69] six Fortune 500 companies,[70] and a large support infrastructure of professional services, including law, public relations, architecture, and graphic design also populating the downtown, San Francisco is one of ten Beta World Cities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 474 pixelsFull resolution (3876 × 2298 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 474 pixelsFull resolution (3876 × 2298 pixel, file size: 1. ... Financial District, North The Financial District is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California that serves as its main central business district. ... The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) began shortly after January 24, 1848 (when gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in Coloma). ... A statue on Montgomery Street in the heart of the Financial District commemorates the United States annexing San Francisco and California from Mexico during the Mexican-American war in 1848. ... The Financial District and the Transamerica Pyramid as seen from Coit Tower. ... The facade of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. ... An older Wells Fargo branch, located in Berkeley, California Wells Fargos corporate headquarters and main branch Wells Fargo & Co. ... The Pacific Exchange is a regional stock exchange located in San Francisco, California. ... Bank of America (NYSE: BAC TYO: 8648) is the largest commercial bank in the United States in terms of deposits, and the largest company of its kind in the world. ... The Bank of America Center is a 52-story, 237 meter (779 ft. ... The Fortune 500 is a ranking of the top 500 United States corporations as measured by gross revenue. ... A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers to engage in the practice of law. ... For the Arrested Development episode, see Public Relations (Arrested Development episode). ... This article is about building architecture. ... Graphics are often utilitarian and anonymous,[1] as these pictographs from the US National Park Service illustrate. ... “World city” redirects here. ...


San Francisco's economy has increasingly become tied to that of Silicon Valley to the south, sharing a need for highly educated workers with specialized skills. It has been positioning itself as a biotechnology and biomedical hub and research center. The Mission Bay neighborhood, site of a second campus of UCSF, fosters a budding industry and serves as headquarters of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, the public agency funding stem cell research programs statewide. For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Insulin crystals Biotechnology is technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine. ... Health science is the discipline of applied science which deals with human and animal health. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ... The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ... Embryonic stem cells of a mouse. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells. ...


Small businesses with fewer than ten employees and self-employed firms make up 85 percent of city establishments.[71] The number of San Franciscans employed by firms of greater than 1,000 employees has fallen by half since 1977.[47] The penetration of national big box retail chains into the city has been slow. In an effort to buoy small privately owned businesses in San Francisco, the Small Business Commission supports a publicity campaign to keep a larger share of retail dollars in the local economy,[72] while the Board of Supervisors has used the planning code to limit the neighborhoods in which "formula retail" establishments can set up shop,[73] an effort affirmed by San Francisco voters.[74] A big box is a box that is big. ...


Government

Representation
8th U.S. House district Nancy Pelosi (D)
12th U.S. House district Jackie Speier (D)
3rd Senate District Carole Migden (D)
8th Senate District Leland Yee (D)
12thAssembly District Fiona Ma (D)
13th Assembly District Mark Leno (D)
This box: view  talk  edit
See also: Government of San Francisco

San Francisco is a consolidated city-county, a status it has had since 1856. It is the only such consolidation in California. The mayor is also the county executive and the county board of supervisors acts as the city council. Because of its unique status, it exercises jurisdiction over property that would otherwise be located outside of its corporation limit. San Francisco International Airport, though ostensibly located in San Mateo County, is legally in San Francisco because it is owned and operated by the City and County of San Francisco. San Francisco was also granted a perpetual leasehold over the Hetch Hetchy Valley and watershed in Yosemite National Park by the Raker Act in 1913. Map The 8th congressional district of California covers most of the City and County of San Francisco except for a corner in the southwest -- the Sunset District and St. ... Nancy Patricia DAlesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is currently the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Map Californias 12th congressional district is one of 53 California Congressional Districts. ... Jackie Speier is a Democratic member of the California State Senate representing San Francisco and San Mateo Counties. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... Carole Migden represents the third district in the California State Senate. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... California State Senate chamber The California State Senate is the upper house of the California State Legislature. ... Leland Yee (Chinese: ; pinyin: , born 1948 in China) is a California State Senator in District 8 which includes the western half of San Francisco and parts of San Mateo County. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Fiona Ma Fiona Ma (馬世雲) is a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors representing District 4, the Sunset District. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The California State Assembly chamber California State Assembly Chamber in the State Capitol The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature. ... Mark Leno Mark Leno (born Sept 24 1951, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is a United States politician, representing Californias 13th Assembly district, which consists of the eastern portion of San Francisco. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... Mayor Gavin Newsom Board of Supervisors Jake McGoldrick, District 1 (Richmond) Michela Alioto-Pier, District 2 (Marina/Pacific Heights/Presidio) Aaron Peskin, District 3 (Chinatown/North Beach/Nob Hill) (current president) Fiona Ma, District 4 (Sunset) Ross Mikarimi, District 5 (Haight/Western Addition/Inner Sunset) Chris Daly, District 6 (Tenderloin... In American local government, a consolidated city-county, metropolitan municipality or regional municipality is a city and county that have been merged into one jurisdiction. ... The Mayor of San Francisco is the head of the government of San Francisco, California. ... In some counties, the legislature is the board of supervisors. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Hetch Hetchy Valley is a glacial valley in Yosemite National Park in California. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... Yosemite redirects here. ... The Raker Act was an act of Congress that permitted building of the OShaughnessy Dam and flooding of Hetch Hetchy valley in Yosemite National Park, California. ...

Under the city charter, the government of San Francisco is constituted of two co-equal branches. The executive branch is headed by the mayor and includes other citywide elected and appointed officials, and the civil service. The 11-member Board of Supervisors, the legislative branch, is headed by a President and is responsible for passing laws and budgets, though San Franciscans also make use of direct ballot initiatives to pass legislation. The members of the Board of Supervisors are elected as representatives of specific districts within the city.[75] If the mayor dies or resigns, the President of the Board of Supervisors assumes the office, as Dianne Feinstein did after the assassination of George Moscone in 1978. In 2006, the Board of Supervisors passed an ordinance making San Francisco the first city in the nation to provide health care services to all uninsured residents, with creation of the Healthy San Francisco program.[76] The municipal budget for fiscal year 2007-2008 was just over $6 billion.[77] Download high resolution version (1280x960, 320 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 320 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... San Francisco City Hall in Summer 2003. ... San Francisco skyline. ... initiative, see Initiative (disambiguation). ... Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (IPA: ) (born June 22, 1933) is the senior U.S. Senator from California, having held office as a senator since 1992. ... Mayor Moscone George Richard Moscone (November 24, 1929 – November 27, 1978) was the mayor of San Francisco, California from January 1976 until his assassination in November 1978. ...


The federal government utilizes San Francisco as the regional hub for many arms of the federal bureaucracy, including the U.S. Court of Appeals, the Federal Reserve Bank, and the United States Mint. Until decommissioning in the early 1990s, the city had three major military installations — the Presidio, Treasure Island, and Hunters Point — a legacy still reflected in the annual celebration of Fleet Week. The State of California uses San Francisco as the home of the state Supreme Court and other state agencies. Foreign governments maintain more than thirty consulates in San Francisco.[78] The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States district courts: District of Alaska District of Arizona Central, Eastern, Northern, and Southern Districts of California District of Guam District of Hawaii District of Idaho District of Montana... The facade of the Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. ... Seal of the U.S. Mint Denver United States mint building The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... The Parade Grounds at the Presidio of San Francisco. ... An aerial view of Treasure Island in the foreground, with its link to Yerba Buena Island in the background. ... The San Francisco Naval Shipyard was a United States Navy shipyard in San Francisco, California, located on 638 acres (2. ... The guided missile cruiser USS Anzio (CG-68) sails past the Statue of Liberty at the beginning of Fleet Week 2004 in New York City. ... Justices of the Supreme Court of California (circa May 2005). ... The rule of Napoleon Bonaparte after his coup detat in France had conducted the manners of French governmant under dictatorship and in a consulate. ...


Demographics

Population (thousands) by year
Population (thousands) by year[79]
See also: Demographic maps of San Francisco, California

The estimated 2007 population of San Francisco is 764,976.[4][80] With nearly 16,000 people per square mile, San Francisco is the second most densely populated major American city.[81] San Francisco is the traditional focal point of the San Francisco Bay Area and forms part of the greater San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland Combined Statistical Area (CSA) whose population is over 7 million: the fifth largest in the U.S. as of the 2000 Census.[82] Image File history File links SFPopulationGrowth. ... Image File history File links SFPopulationGrowth. ... These thematic maps of San Francisco, California illustrate the different neighborhoods and the contrasting demographics of the diverse city. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... Oakland redirects here. ... The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) defines micropolitan and metropolitan statistical areas. ...


Like many larger U.S. cities, San Francisco is a minority-majority city, as non-Hispanic whites comprise less than half of the population. As of 2005, the Census Bureau estimated that 44.1 percent of the population was non-Hispanic white.[83] Asian Americans, principally Chinese, make up about a third of the population. Hispanics of any race make up about 14 percent of the population. San Francisco's African American population has declined in recent decades, from 13.4 percent of the city in 1970 to 7.2% of the population in 2006.[83] The current percentage of African Americans in San Francisco is similar to that of the state of California.[84][85] Majority-minority state is a term used to describe a U.S. state in which a majority of the states population differs from the national majority population. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


Relatively few of the city's residents are native San Franciscans. Only 35 percent of its residents were born in California; 39 percent were born outside the U.S.[47]


San Francisco has the highest percentage of same-sex households of any American county, with the Bay Area having a higher concentration than any other metropolitan area.[86] Gay men outnumber lesbians; it has been estimated that one in five male city residents over the age of 15 is gay.[87] This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The San Francisco median household income is $57,833 and the median family income, at $67,809 in 2005, is the third-highest for any large city in the nation.[43] Following a national trend, an out-migration of middle class families is contributing to widening income disparity[45] and has left the city with a lower proportion of children, 14.5 percent, than any other large American city.[88] The city's poverty rate, at 7.8 percent, is lower than the national average and among the lowest for cities ranked by the U.S. Census Department.[89] The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Homelessness has been a chronic and controversial problem for San Francisco since the early 1980s. The city is believed to have the highest number of homeless inhabitants per capita of any major city in the U.S.[90][91] The rates of violent and property crime, reported for 2005 as 799 and 4974 incidents per 100,000 residents respectively[92] are higher than the national average.[93] Among the 50 largest U.S. cities by population, San Francisco ranks 29th and 39th in each of those categories.[92] In 2007, the city recorded 98 homicides, the highest number in more than a decade, due largely to guns and drugs.[94] A homeless man pushes a cart down the street. ... This graph shows the rate of non-fatal firearm-related crime in the United States from 1993 to 2003. ...


Education

Colleges and universities

The Mission Bay campus of UCSF
The Mission Bay campus of UCSF
See also: List of colleges and universities in San Francisco

The University of California, San Francisco is part of the University of California system, and is San Francisco's second-largest employer.[95] It is solely dedicated to graduate education in health and biomedical sciences and is ranked among the top-five medical schools in the U.S.[96] It also operates the UCSF Medical Center, ranked among the top 10 hospitals in the U.S.[97] A 43 acre Mission Bay campus was opened in 2003, complementing its original facility in Parnassus Heights. It contains research space and facilities to foster biotechnology and life sciences entrepreneurship and will double the size of UCSF's research enterprise.[98] The University of California, Hastings College of the Law, founded in Civic Center in 1878, is the oldest law school in California and claims more judges on the state bench than any other institution.[99] Image File history File links UCSF-Mission_Bay. ... Image File history File links UCSF-Mission_Bay. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ... The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ... Despite its limited geographical space, San Francisco, California is home to a multitude of colleges and universities. ... The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ... Berkeley Davis Irvine Los Angeles Merced Riverside San Diego Santa Barbara Santa Cruz UC Office of the President in Oakland The University of California (UC) is a public university system in the state of California. ... The UCSF Medical Center at Parnassus Heights and Mount Zion in San Francisco, California are the major research and medical teaching hospitals of the University of California, San Francisco. ... Mission Bay is a 303 acre neighborhood on the central bayshore of San Francisco, bounded by Townsend Street on the north, San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. ... University of California, Hastings College of the Law is a law school located in downtown San Francisco, California. ... San Francisco City Hall on Civic Center plaza in 2004 San Franciscos Civic Center is an area of a few blocks north of the intersection of Market Street and Van Ness Avenue that contains many of the citys largest government and cultural institutions. ...


San Francisco State University is part of the California State University system and is located near Lake Merced.[100] The school has close to 30,000 students[101] and awards undergraduate and master's degrees in more than 100 disciplines.[100] The City College of San Francisco, with its main facility in the Ingleside district, is one of the largest two-year community colleges in the country. It has an enrollment of about 100,000 students, and offers an extensive continuing education program.[102] Founded in 1855, the Jesuit-run University of San Francisco, located on Lone Mountain, focuses on the liberal arts, and is one of the oldest universities established west of the Mississippi.[103] San Francisco State University (commonly referred to as San Francisco State, SF State, State and SFSU) is a public university located in the southwestern San Francisco, California, bordering Lake Merced and Lowell High School, near Fort Funston and Daly City, near the San Mateo County line. ... The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ... Lake Merced Lake Merced is a freshwater lake located in the southwest corner of San Francisco, California. ... City College of San Francisco, or CCSF, is a two-year community college in San Francisco, California. ... Ingleside is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. ... A community college is a type of educational institution. ... Seal of the Society of Jesus. ... University of San Francisco (USF) is a private Catholic, Jesuit University in San Francisco, California, United States. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ...


Higher education in the arts is provided by the San Francisco Art Institute, the Academy of Art University, and an extension of the Oakland-based California College of the Arts. The San Francisco Conservatory of Music, the only school of its kind on the west coast, grants degrees in orchestral instruments, chamber music, composition, and conducting. Founded in 1871, the San Francisco Art Institute (SFAI) is one of the U.S.’s older and more prestigious schools of higher education in contemporary art. ... The Academy of Art University, a for-profit institution owned by the Stephens Institute, was founded in San Francisco in 1929 by Richard S. Stephens. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Founded in 1907, California College of the Arts (formerly California College of Arts and Crafts) is a regionally accredited, independent school of art and design in Oakland and San Francisco, California, USA. It is one of the premier fine arts and design institutions in the United States. ... San Francisco Conservatory of Music, founded in 1917, is a music school, with enrollment of about collegiate 300 students. ...


The California Culinary Academy, associated with the Le Cordon Bleu program, offers programs in the culinary arts, baking & pastry arts, and hospitality & restaurant management. California Culinary Academy in San Francisco, California offers Le Cordon Bleu culinary and hospitality management training. ... The Cordon Bleu school in Ottawa, Canada Le Cordon Bleu (French for blue ribbon) is an international group of cooking schools teaching French cuisine. ...


Primary and secondary schools

Public schools are run by the San Francisco Unified School District as well as the State Board of Education for some charter schools. Lowell High School, the oldest public high school in the U.S. west of the Mississippi,[104] and the smaller School of the Arts High School are two of San Francisco's magnet schools at the secondary level. The term public school has three distinct meanings: In the USA and Canada, elementary or secondary school supported and administered by state and local officials. ... SFUSD logo The San Francisco Unified School District is a public school district in San Francisco, California. ... Lowell High School (San Francisco) Lowell High School, a public magnet school in San Francisco, is the oldest public high school west of the Mississippi. ... School of the Arts High School (SOTA) is a public magnet high school in San Francisco, California, in the United States. ... In the U.S. system of education, a magnet school is a public school which offers innovative courses, specialized training, etc. ...


Just under 30 percent of the city's school-age population attends one of San Francisco's more than 100 private or parochial schools, compared to a 10 percent rate nationwide.[105] Nearly 40 of those schools are Catholic schools managed by the Archdiocese of San Francisco.[106] Among the most prominent private high schools in San Francisco are Convent of the Sacred Heart High School, San Francisco University High School, The Urban School, Lick-Wilmerding High School, St. Ignatius College Preparatory and Sacred Heart Cathedral Preparatory. For the film of this title, see Private School (film). ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... Catholic schools are education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Most Reverend George Hugh Niederauer, the current Archbishop of San Francisco The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States. ... Convent of the Sacred Heart High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in San Francisco, California, and part of the Schools of the Sacred Heart. ... San Francisco University High School (familiarly known as UHS, Uni, or simply University) is an academically focused, college preparatory, private high school located in the Pacific Heights neighborhood of San Francisco, California. ... Name The Urban School of San Francisco Address 1561 Page Street San Francisco, California 94117 Satellite Image Established 1966 Community Urban Type Independent Students ~350 (~88/class) Faculty 45 Grades 9 to 12 Principal Mark Salkind Nickname Urban, Urban School, Urban School of SF Colors Blue and White Publications The... Lick-Wilmerding High School is a college-preparatory high school located in San Francisco, California, United States. ... St. ... Sacred Heart Cathedral Preparatory Sacred Heart Cathedral Preparatory, commonly known as SH, SHC, or SHCP is a Catholic school in San Francisco, California. ...


Transportation

The Bay Bridge connects to Oakland and the East Bay.
The Bay Bridge connects to Oakland and the East Bay.

The illuminations on the cables, while part of the original design, are actually a relatively recent addition, made practical by the availability of high efficiency compact fluorescent lamps. ... The illuminations on the cables, while part of the original design, are actually a relatively recent addition, made practical by the availability of high efficiency compact fluorescent lamps. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... Oakland redirects here. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ...

Roads and highways

See also: Etymologies of street names in San Francisco, California

Because of its unique geography—making beltways somewhat impractical—and the results of the freeway revolts of the late 1950s,[107] San Francisco is one of the few American cities that has opted for European-style arterial thoroughfares instead of a large network of freeways. This trend continued following the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake, when city leaders decided to demolish the Embarcadero Freeway, and voters approved demolition of a portion of the Central Freeway, converting them into street-level boulevards.[107] Source of the street names in San Francisco, California. ... For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... The Freeway Revolts (sometimes expressway revolts) refer to a phenomenon encountered in the United States in the 1960s and 1970s, where planned freeway construction in many U.S. cities was halted due to widespread public opposition; especially of those whose neighborhoods would be disrupted or displaced by the proposed freeways. ... An Arterial thoroughfare is an avenue through a city that acts as a major link through a city. ... Freeways may refer to: the plural of freeway the 1977 Freeways album by Bachman-Turner Overdrive This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake was a major earthquake that struck the San Francisco Bay Area of California on October 17, 1989 at 5:04 p. ... Section of the Embarcadero Freeway in front of the Ferry Building during demolition The Embarcadero Freeway was a freeway in San Francisco. ... The Central Freeway is a roughly one-mile elevated freeway in San Francisco, California, running west from Interstate_80, part of which is signed as US Highway 101. ...


Interstate 80 begins at the approach to the Bay Bridge and is the only direct automobile link to the East Bay. U.S. Route 101 extends Interstate 80 to the south along the San Francisco Bay toward Silicon Valley. Northbound, 101 uses arterial streets Van Ness Avenue and Lombard Street to the Golden Gate Bridge, the only direct road access from San Francisco to Marin County and points north. Highway 1 also enters San Francisco at the Golden Gate Bridge, but diverts away from 101, bisecting the west side of the city as the 19th Avenue arterial thoroughfare, and joining with Interstate 280 at the city's southern border. Interstate 280 continues this route along the central portion of the Peninsula south to San Jose. Northbound, 280 turns north and east and terminates in the South of Market area. Highway 35, which traverses the majority of the Peninsula along the ridge of the Santa Cruz Mountains, enters the city from the south as Skyline Boulevard, following city streets until it terminates at its intersection with Highway 1. Major east-west thoroughfares include Geary Boulevard, the Lincoln Way/Fell Street corridor, and Market Street/Portola Drive. Interstate 80, a major east-west route of the Interstate Highway System, has its western terminus in San Francisco, California, United States. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-5 LA 0. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Lombard Streets famed twists Lombard Street is an east-west street in San Francisco, California. ... The Golden Gate Bridge is a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate, the opening of the San Francisco Bay onto the Pacific Ocean. ... Marin County is a county located in Californias San Francisco Bay Area, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... State Route 1, often called Highway 1, is a state highway that runs along a large length of the Pacific coast of the U.S. State of California. ... A view of the scenic portion of Interstate 280 Interstate 280 (abbreviated I-280) is a 57-mile-long interstate highway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-17 ?? SR-9 ?? SR-92 ?? I-280 ?? SR-1 Legend Prev Next < Route 33 Route 36 > California State Highways Current - Unconstructed - Deleted - Scenic California State Route 35, generally known as Skyline Boulevard, is a 2-lane road running along the western ridge of Silicon Valley in California. ... The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, are a mountain range in central California, United States. ... This narrow State Scenic Highway cuts through the backcountry of `Silicon Valley` and provides views of San Francisco Bay. ... Geary Boulevard, looking eastbound at 36th Avenue, in a residential part of the Richmond District Geary Boulevard (known as Geary Street east of Gough Street) is a major east-west thoroughfare in San Francisco, California, running from Sutro Heights Park at 48th Avenue (near the Cliff House above Ocean Beach... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ... An F Market streetcar turns around at the foot of Market Street, in front of the Ferry Building. ... This is a list of arterial thoroughfares and significant commercial corridors in San Francisco. ...


Public transportation

See also: San Francisco Municipal Railway
A cable car descending Nob Hill
A cable car descending Nob Hill

Public transit solely within the city of San Francisco is provided predominantly by the San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni). The city-owned system operates both a combined light rail/subway system (the Muni Metro) and a bus network that includes trolleybuses, standard diesel motorcoaches and diesel hybrid buses. The Metro streetcars run on surface streets in outlying neighborhoods but underground in the downtown area.[108] Additionally, Muni runs the highly-visible F Market historic streetcar line, which runs on surface streets from Castro Street to Fisherman's Wharf (through Market Street),[108] and the iconic San Francisco cable car system,[108] which is the only moving National Historic Landmark in the U.S.[109] The San Francisco Municipal Railway, or Muni as it is commonly known, is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. ... Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 5232 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (3072x2048, 5232 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... San Francisco Cable Car No. ... Nob Hill refers to a small district in sunny San Francisco, California adjacent to the intersection of California and Powell streets (and the respective cable car lines). ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... The San Francisco Municipal Railway, or Muni as it is commonly known, is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. ... Muni Metro is a mass transit system operated in the City and County of San Francisco by the San Francisco Municipal Railway, managed by the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. ... A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... F Market PCC cars at Jones Street terminal. ... The sidewalk on Castro Street looking north from 18th toward Market displays some of the color of the neighborhood. ... Fishermans Wharf sign Aerial view of Fishermans Wharf Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco, California, U.S. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Street east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. ... San Francisco Cable Car No. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ...


Commuter rail is provided by two complementary agencies. Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) is the regional rapid transit system which connects San Francisco with the East Bay through the Transbay Tube. The line runs under Market Street to Civic Center, where it turns south to the Mission District, the southern part of the city, and through northern San Mateo County, to the San Francisco International Airport, and Millbrae.[108] The Caltrain rail system runs from San Francisco along the Peninsula down to San Jose.[108] The line dates from 1863, and for many years was operated by Southern Pacific. A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... The Transbay Tube is the part of BART which runs under San Francisco Bay in California and is the longest underwater tube for rapid transit in the world. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... General view of Millbrae Millbrae is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... Caltrain is a commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara Valley in the United States. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ...


The Transbay Terminal serves as the terminus for long range bus service (such as Greyhound) and as a hub for regional bus systems AC Transit (Alameda County), SamTrans (San Mateo County), and Golden Gate Transit (Marin and Sonoma Counties).[110] Amtrak also runs a shuttle bus from San Francisco to its rail station in Emeryville.[111] San Francisco Transbay Terminal or simply Transbay Terminal, is a transportation complex in San Francisco, California which is located roughly in the center of the rectangle bounded north-south by Mission Street and Howard Street, and east-west by Beale Street and Second Street. ... This article is about the US bus line. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Official website: http://www. ... San Mateo County Transit District (SamTrans) is a public transport agency in and around San Mateo, California in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Golden Gate Transit is a public transportation system in the San Francisco Bay Area in California, United States. ... Sonoma County is on the northwest coast of California, one of the northernmost parts of the greater San Francisco Bay Area, U.S. Its population at the 2000 census was 458,614. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Built in Emeryville to replace the Beaux Arts Oakland station that was declared unsafe (unreinforced masonry)after sustaining damage in the Loma Prieta Earthquake of 1989 in bordering Oakland, California. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ...


A small fleet of commuter and tourist ferries operate from the Ferry Building and Pier 39 to points in Marin County, Oakland, and north to Vallejo in Solano County.[108] The Pride of Burgundy, a P&O Ferries car ferry on the Dover-Calais route A ferry is a boat or a ship carrying passengers, and possibly their vehicles, on a relatively short-distance, regularly-scheduled service. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay and a shopping center located on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California. ... Sea lions on Pier 39 A musician performs at Pier 39. ... Marin County (pronounced muh-RIN) is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... Oakland redirects here. ... Vallejo (pronounced or in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... Solano County is a county located in central part of the U.S. state of California, about halfway between San Francisco and Sacramento and is one of the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties. ...


Airports

San Francisco International Airport (SFO), though located 13 miles (21 km) south of the city in San Mateo County, is under the jurisdiction of the City and County of San Francisco. SFO is primarily adjacent to the cities of Millbrae and San Bruno, but also borders the most southern part of the city of South San Francisco. SFO is a hub for United Airlines, its largest tenant,[112] and the decision by Virgin America to base its operations out of SFO[113] reverses the trend of low-cost carriers opting to bypass SFO for Oakland and San Jose. SFO is an international gateway, with the largest international terminal in North America.[114] The airport is built on a landfill extension into the San Francisco Bay. During the economic boom of the late 1990s, when traffic saturation led to frequent delays, it became difficult to respond to calls to relieve the pressure by constructing an additional runway as that would have required additional landfill. Such calls subsided in the early 2000s as traffic declined, and, in 2005, SFO was the 14th busiest airport in the U.S. and 23rd largest in the world, handling 32.8 million passengers.[115] For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... San Mateo County is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... General view of Millbrae Millbrae is a city in San Mateo County, California, United States. ... The San Bruno police station next to the BART station at the Shops at Tanforan. ... The South San Francisco The Industrial City sign A Genentech-sponsored sign declaring South San Francisco to be the Birthplace of Biotechnology. ... United Airlines is a major airline of the United States. ... Virgin America is a U.S. based low-cost airline that began service on 8 August 2007. ... A Ryanair Boeing 737-800 A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills or discount carrier / airline) is an airline that offers generally low fares in exchange for eliminating many traditional passenger services. ... Oakland International Airport (IATA: OAK, ICAO: KOAK, FAA LID: OAK), also known as Metropolitan Oakland International Airport, is an airport located 4 miles (6 km) south of downtown Oakland in Alameda County, California. ... For the Costa Rican airport, see Juan Santamaría International Airport. ... Land reclamation is either of two distinct practices. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ...


Seaports

Main article: Port of San Francisco

The Port of San Francisco was once the largest and busiest seaport on the west coast. It featured rows of piers perpendicular to the shore, where cargo from the moored ships was handled by cranes and manual labor and transported to nearby warehouses. The port handled cargo to and from trans-Pacific and Atlantic destinations, and was the west coast center of the lumber trade. The 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike, an important episode in the history of the American labor movement, brought the port to a standstill. The advent of container shipping made pier-based ports obsolete and most commercial berths moved to the Port of Oakland. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1380 KB) Summary The Ferry Building along the Embarcadero Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Francisco, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1380 KB) Summary The Ferry Building along the Embarcadero Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Francisco, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay and a shopping center located on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Embarcadero is the name given the eastern waterfront roadway of the Port of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, along San Francisco Bay. ... The Port of San Francisco lies on the western edge of the San Francisco Bay at the Golden Gate. ... The Port of San Francisco lies on the western edge of the San Francisco Bay at the Golden Gate. ... Piers - The Port Import Export Reporting Service PIERS maintains the most comprehensive database of timely, accurate, import and export information on the cargoes moving through ports in the U.S., Mexico, Latin America, and Asia. ... The West coast lumber trade was a maritime trade route on the west coast of the United States. ... The 1934 West Coast Longshore Strike lasted eighty-three days, triggered a strike by sailors and a four-day general strike in San Francisco, and led to the unionization of all of the West Coast ports of the United States. ... The Lawrence textile strike (1912), with soldiers surrounding peaceful demonstrators Labor unions in the United States function as legally recognized representatives of workers in numerous industries. ... Containers in the port of Kotka (Finland) on the Baltic Sea. ... The Port of Oakland was the first major port on the Pacific Coast of the United States to build terminals for container ships. ...


Many piers remained derelict for years until the demolition of the Embarcadero Freeway reopened the downtown waterfront, allowing for redevelopment. The centerpiece of the port, the Ferry Building, while still receiving commuter ferry traffic, has been restored and redeveloped as a gourmet marketplace. The port's other activities now focus on developing waterside assets to support recreation and tourism. Section of the Embarcadero Freeway in front of the Ferry Building during demolition The Embarcadero Freeway was a freeway in San Francisco. ... The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay and a shopping center located on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


Bicycling

Bicycling is a popular mode of transportation in San Francisco, with about 40,000 residents commuting to work regularly by bicycle.[116] There are 63 miles (101 km) of bicycle lanes and paths throughout the city.[117] Cycling is a recreation, a transport across land. ...


See also

For the television series, see San Francisco International Airport (TV series). ... A San Francisco cable car San Francisco, California is a major and diverse international center of culture in terms of arts, music, festivals, museums and much more. ... These thematic maps of San Francisco, California illustrate the different neighborhoods and the contrasting demographics of the diverse city. ... The Embarcadero is the eastern waterfront roadway of the Port of San Francisco, San Francisco, California, along San Francisco Bay. ... 49-Mile Scenic Drive sign The 49-Mile Scenic Drive (also known as 49-Mile Drive) in and around San Francisco highlights many of the citys major attractions and historic structures. ... Mayor Gavin Newsom Board of Supervisors Jake McGoldrick, District 1 (Richmond) Michela Alioto-Pier, District 2 (Marina/Pacific Heights/Presidio) Aaron Peskin, District 3 (Chinatown/North Beach/Nob Hill) (current president) Fiona Ma, District 4 (Sunset) Ross Mikarimi, District 5 (Haight/Western Addition/Inner Sunset) Chris Daly, District 6 (Tenderloin... San Francisco Jail #3 — San Bruno Complex Program Facility in San Bruno San Francisco County operates eight jails, with approximately 55,000 people booked annually. ... Despite its limited geographical space, San Francisco, California is home to a multitude of colleges and universities. ... Fortune 500 rankings indicated in parenthesis. ... This is a list of famous San Franciscans; people associated with San Francisco, California, USA: Albert Abrams, medical equipment inventor Ansel Adams, photographer Gracie Allen, comedian Abe Attell, boxer Bill Bixby, actor Mel Blanc, voiceover actor Barry Bonds, baseball player Bobby Bonds, baseball player Lisa Bonet, actress Benjamin Bratt, actor... . ... San Francisco The major network television affiliates include KGO-TV 7 (ABC) KPIX 5 (CBS) KTVU 2 (based in Oakland) (FOX) KNTV 11 (based in San Jose) (NBC) KBWB 20 (WB) KBCW 12/44 (UPN) KQED 9 (PBS) Several independent television stations also operate in the area, including KRON 4... The tallest building in San Francisco, California is the Transamerica Pyramid. ... The Port of San Francisco lies on the western edge of the San Francisco Bay at the Golden Gate. ... Potrero Point, location of the earliest and most important industrial facilities in the Western United States, was a natural land mass extending into San Francisco Bay. ... The Most Reverend George Hugh Niederauer, the current Archbishop of San Francisco The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Francisco is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the northern California region of the United States. ... Bay Area redirects here. ... San Francisco Fire Department provides fire and emergency services to the City of San Francisco in San Franciso County. ... The history of San Francisco, California, has been greatly influenced by its coastal location, which has made it a natural center for maritime trade and military activity. ... There are approximately 90 neighborhoods in San Francisco, California, USA. Main article: Alamo Square Main article: Anza Vista, San Francisco, California Ashbury Heights is a neighborhood on the hill to the south of the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood, east of Stanyan Street, north of Belgrave Avenue and west of Clayton Street. ... The San Francisco Municipal Railway, or Muni as it is commonly known, is the public transit system for the city and county of San Francisco, California. ... The San Francisco Police Department or S.F.P.D., is responsible for policing in the City and County of San Francisco. ... It has been suggested that List of films set in San Francisco be merged into this article or section. ... The San Francisco Sheriffs Department (SFSD) is the sheriffs department for the City and County of San Francisco. ... SFUSD logo The San Francisco Unified School District is a public school district in San Francisco, California. ... San Francisco has 15 sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International (SCI): Abidjan, Côte dIvoire Assisi, Italy Caracas, Venezuela Cork, Ireland Haifa, Israel Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Manila, Philippines Osaka, Japan Paris, France Seoul, South Korea Shanghai, China Sydney, Australia Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan) Thessaloniki... The Mayor and the Department of Technology and Information Services (DTIS) are advancing a plan to partner with Earthlink and Google to bring municipal wireless Internet access to all the residents of the U.S. city of San Francisco, California. ...

Notes

  1. ^ "Frisco, that once-verboten term for the city by the bay, is making a comeback among the young and hip. Herb Caen is spinning at warp speed.", San Francisco Chronicle, October 14, 2003. 
  2. ^ The nickname "Baghdad by the Bay" was coined in 1949 by columnist Herb Caen: Caen, Herb (1949). Baghdad-by-the-Bay. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. LC F869.S3 C12. 
  3. ^ Table 1. San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont Metro Area. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 1, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c Population Finder: San Francisco County, 2007. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 1, 2008.
  5. ^ Table 2. San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA; Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2007 U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on April 1, 2008.
  6. ^ 2000 Census: US Municipalities Over 50,000: Ranked by 2000 Population. Demographia. Retrieved on August 1, 2006.
  7. ^ Stewart, Suzanne B. (November, 2003). Archaeological Research Issues for the Point Reyes National Seashore - Golden Gate National Recreation AreaPDF (1.68 MB) p. 55 Sonoma State University - Anthropological Studies Center. Retrieved on October 13, 2006.
  8. ^ Visitors: San Francisco Historical Information. City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved on September 3, 2006.
  9. ^ From the 1820s to the Gold Rush. The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. Retrieved on August 28, 2006.
  10. ^ History of Yerba Buena Gardens. Yerba Buena Gardens. Retrieved on August 28, 2003.
  11. ^ Tamony, Peter (October, 1973). "Sourdough and French Bread". Western Folklore 32 (4): 265-270. Western States Folklore Society. 
  12. ^ San Francisco's First Brick Building. The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. Retrieved on August 28, 2006.
  13. ^ Richards, Rand (1992). Historic San Francisco: A Concise History and Guide. Heritage House. ISBN 1-879367-00-9. 
  14. ^ Harris, Ron. "Crews Unearth Shipwreck on San Francisco Condo Project", Associated Press, November 14, 2005. 
  15. ^ Under Three Flags.PDF (186 KB) Presidio of San Francisco, Golden Gate National Recreation Area, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved on September 4, 2006.
  16. ^ London, Jack (May 5, 1906). "The Story of an Eyewitness by Jack London". Collier's, The National Weekly. The Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco. 
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  19. ^ Casualties and Damage after the 1906 earthquake U.S. Geological Survey, Earthquake Hazards Program - Northern California. Retrieved on September 3, 2006.
  20. ^ Presidio of San Francisco:1906 Earthquake and Fire National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, Golden Gate National Recreation Area. Retrieved on August 29, 2006.
  21. ^ Wiley, Peter Booth (2000). National trust guide- San Francisco: America’s guide for architecture and history travelers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 56–62. ISBN 0-471-19120-5. 
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  23. ^ World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area. National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved on August 29, 2006.
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  25. ^ Pyramid Facts and Figures Transamerica.com "About the Pyramid," Retrieved on October 29, 2006.
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  33. ^ Weatherbase.com climate data for Livermore, California. Retrieved on August 27, 2006.
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  43. ^ a b Median Family Income (In 2003 Inflation-adjusted Dollars), U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on June 10, 2007.
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  61. ^ San Francisco Bicycle Plan City and County of San Francisco. Retrieved on September 3, 2006.
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is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Herbert Eugene Caen (April 3, 1916 – February 1, 1997) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning columnist working in San Francisco. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Events Roman law bans female gladiators Deaths Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon (martyred) Perpetua (martyred) Felicitas (martyred) Yuan Shao, Chinese warlord Categories: 202 ... “PDF” redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... NPR redirects here. ... 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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ...

References

  • De La Perouse, Jean Francois; Yamane, Linda Gonsalves; Margolin, Malcolm (1989). Life in a California Mission: Monterey in 1786: The Journals of Jean Francois De La Perouse. Heyday Books. ISBN 0-930588-39-8. 
  • Hansen, Gladys (1995). San Francisco Almanac: Everything you want to know about the city. Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-0841-6. 
  • London, Jack (May 5, 1906). "The Story of an Eyewitness by Jack London". Collier's, The National Weekly. 
  • Richards, Rand (1991). Historic San Francisco: A Concise History and Guide. Heritage House. ISBN 1-879367-00-9. 
  • Ungaretti, Lorri (2005). San Francisco's Richmond District. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-3053-0. 
  • Wiley, Peter Booth (2000). National trust guide San Francisco: America’s guide for architecture and history travelers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. ISBN 0-471-19120-5. 

Further reading

  • Asbury, Hubert (1989). The Barbary Coast: An Informal History of the San Francisco Underworld. Dorset Press. ISBN 0-88029-428-0. 
  • Bronson, William (2006). The Earth Shook, the Sky Burned. Chronicle Books. ISBN 0-8118-5047-1. 
  • Cassady, Stephen (1987). Spanning the Gate. Square Books. ISBN 0-916290-36-0. 
  • Dillon, Richard H. (1998). High Steel: Building the Bridges Across San Francisco Bay. Celestial Arts (Reissue edition). ISBN 0-88029-428-0. 
  • Ferlinghetti, Lawrence (1980). Literary San Francisco: A pictorial history from its beginnings to the present day. Harper & Row. ISBN 0-06-250325-1. 
  • Hartman, Chester (2002). City for Sale: The Transformation of San Francisco. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-08605-8. 
  • Holliday, J. S. (1999). Rush for Riches: Gold Fever and the Making of California. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21402-1. 
  • Lotchin, Roger W. (1997). San Francisco, 1846–1856: From Hamlet to City. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06631-6. 
  • Margolin, Malcolm (1981). The Ohlone Way: Indian Life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area. Heydey Books. ISBN 0-930588-01-0. 
  • Thomas, Gordon and Witts, Max Morgan (1971). The San Francisco Earthquake. Stein and Day. ISBN 0-8128-1360-X. 

External links

San Francisco Bay Area Portal
Find more about San Francisco on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Quotations
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Learning resources
  • Bay Area Public Transit Info, Schedules and Maps
  • Official website for the City and County of San Francisco
  • San Francisco travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Virtual Museum of the City of San Francisco

Coordinates: 37°46′N, 122°26′W Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... New York–Northern New Jersey–Long Island is the most populous metropolitan area in the United States and is also one of the most populous in the world . ... Walt Disney Concert Hall, Frank Gehry, architect The Greater Los Angeles Area, or the Southland, (not to be confused with the Los Angeles Metro Area which includes only Los Angeles and Orange Counties) is the agglomeration of urbanized area around the county of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Chicagoland redirects here. ... The Delaware Valley is a term used widely to refer to the metropolitan area centered on the city of Philadelphia in the United States. ... 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CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... 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  Results from FactBites:
 
San Francisco Hotels : San Francisco Real Estate : Tours : Restaurants (2075 words)
From the Ohlone settlement to the Hippie Generation, from the Gold Rush to the biotech boom, San Francisco's history as vibrant as the characters that have colored its foggy hills and valleys.
San Francisco International Airport's new international terminal is North America's largest, while San Francisco itself features some of the most charming and sophisticated public transportation systems in the world, including the Muni, BART, historic cable cars and ferry systems linking the entire Bay Area.
California is home to natural wonders and man-made landmarks that take years to fully explore.
San Francisco, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (6897 words)
The City and County of San Francisco is the fourth-largest city in California and the fourteenth-largest in the United States, with a 2005 population of 739,426.
San Francisco is renowned for its months-long episodes of fog, steep rolling hills, the eclectic mix of Victorian and modern architecture, and its peninsular location surrounded on three sides by the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay.
San Francisco is located on the west coast of the U.S. at the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula and includes significant stretches of the Pacific Ocean and San Francisco Bay within its boundaries.
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