FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > San Fernando Valley
San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. Woodland Hills in foreground.
San Fernando Valley from its southwestern edge. Woodland Hills in foreground.

The San Fernando Valley or The Valley is an urbanized valley located in the north-western section of the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1152x643, 434 KB) Section of the San Fernando Valley from southwestern edge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1152x643, 434 KB) Section of the San Fernando Valley from southwestern edge. ... Woodland Hills, California in the foreground, including Warner Center. ... Fljótsdalur in East Iceland, a rather flat valley In geology, a valley is a depression with predominant extent in one direction. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ...

Contents

History

Mission San Fernando Rey de España was established in 1797 by Franciscan monks. It is the 17th of the twenty-one missions.
Mission San Fernando Rey de España was established in 1797 by Franciscan monks. It is the 17th of the twenty-one missions.

The Tataviam, also known as the Fernandeño, tribe of Indians and the Tongva had inhabited the valley for almost 2,000 years before the Spanish built the San Fernando Mission in 1797. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 631 KB) San Fernando Mission. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 631 KB) San Fernando Mission. ... Mission San Fernando Rey de España (originally La Misión del Señor Fernando, Rey de España), was founded on The Feast of the Birth of Mary (September 8), 1797. ... The Tataviam language is an extinct Uto-Aztecan language that was spoken in southern California. ... Gabrieleno Native American women Tongva may also refer to the Tongva language. ... Postcard of the reconstructed Mission Santa Bárbara The California missions are a series of settlements established by Spanish Catholic Franciscans, to Christianize the local Native Americans, but with the added benefit of giving Spain a toehold in the frontier land. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The treaty ending the Mexican-American War in California was signed near the mouth of the Cahuenga Pass (at the southeast corner of San Fernando Valley) at the Campo de Cahuenga in 1847. The Treaty of Cahuenga ended the fighting of the Mexican-American War in California. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Cahuenga Pass (from the indigenous Tongva language) (el. ... Campo de Cahuenga Campo de Cahuenga in North Hollywood, California, near Cahuenga Pass, was an adobe farmhouse on the Rancho Verdugo where the Treaty of Cahuenga was signed beween Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont and General Andrés Pico in 1847, ending hostilities in California between Mexico and the...


After the construction of the Owens Valley-Los Angeles Aqueduct, the mostly rural area was annexed by the city of Los Angeles in 1915, more than doubling the size of the city. A highly fictionalized story based on these events is told in the film Chinatown (1973). Los Angeles continued to consolidate its territories in the San Fernando Valley by annexing Laurel Canyon (1923), Lankershim (1923), Sunland (1926), Tuna Canyon (1926), the incorporated city of Tujunga (1932), and Porter Ranch (1965). The additions expanded the Los Angeles portion of San Fernando Valley from the original 169 square miles (438 km²) to 224 square miles (580 km²) today. Six cities incorporated independent from Los Angeles: Glendale (1906), Burbank (1911), San Fernando (1911) Hidden Hills (1961), Calabasas (1991). Universal City is an unincorporated enclave that is home to Universal Studios theme park and Universal CityWalk. Owens Valley is the arid ranching valley of the Owens River in southeastern California in the United States. ... There are two Los Angeles Aqueducts--the original Los Angeles Aqueduct was designed by William Mulholland (an Irish immigrant who became a self-taught engineer and head of the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power) and completed in 1913 to deliver water from the Owens River to the city... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Chinatown is a 1974 film directed by Roman Polanski featuring many elements of the film noir genre, particularly a multi-layered story that is part mystery and part psychological drama. ... Laurel Canyon, Los Angeles, California is a canyon neighborhood, like Topanga Canyon, so its very oriented to the main canyon street, Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Sunland is a neighborhood in the northeastern San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Porter Ranch is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, in the northwestern portions of the San Fernando Valley. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... San Fernando is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Hidden Hills in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1961-10-19 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Cohen [1] Area  - City  1. ... Location of Calabasas in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-04-05[2] Government  - Mayor James Bozajian[1] Area  - City  13. ... View of Universal City Universal City is a community in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles County, California that encompasses the 415 acre (1. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...


Secession movement

In 2002, Los Angeles residents defeated a proposal under which the San Fernando Valley portion of the City of Los Angeles would have seceded and become an independent incorporated city of its own. Had the proposal passed, it would have created a new municipality of 211 square miles (546 km²) with about 1.3 million residents. The new Valley City would have been the sixth most populous city in the U.S., just ahead of Phoenix. Los Angeles would have become the third largest city in the nation, behind New York City and Chicago. Also see: 2002 (number). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: , Country State Counties Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Area  - City  515. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


The Valley attempted to secede in the 1970s, but the state passed a law barring city formation without the approval of the City Council. In 1997, Assemblymen Bob Hertzberg and Tom McClintock helped pass a bill that would make it easier for the Valley to secede by removing the City Council veto. AB 62 was signed into law by Governor Pete Wilson. Meanwhile, a grassroots movement to split the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) and create new San Fernando Valley-based school districts became the focal point of the desire to leave the city. Though the state rejected the idea of Valley-based districts, it remained an important rallying point for Hertzberg's mayoral campaign, which proved unsuccessful. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Robert Myles Hertzberg was born on November 19, 1954 in Los Angeles, California, was an attorney and businessman, and sat in the California State Assembly from 1996-2002. ... Tom McClintock Thomas Miller Tom McClintock (born July 10, 1956) is an outgoing California state senator who was the unsuccessful 2006 Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California. ... For others named Pete Wilson, see Peter Wilson. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District (the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ...


Before secession could come out for a vote, the Local Agency Formation Commission (LAFCO) studied the fiscal viability of the new city and decided that the new city must mitigate any fiscal loss incurred by the rest of Los Angeles. LAFCO concluded that a new San Fernando Valley city would be financially viable, but would need to mitigate the $60.8 million that Los Angeles would lose in revenues. Secessionists took this figure as evidence that the Valley gives more money to Los Angeles than it received back in services. This triggered a petition drive led by Valley VOTE to put secession on the ballot. Measures F and H would not only decide whether the Valley becomes a city but voters also get to pick a new name for it. The proposed names on the ballot were as follows: San Fernando Valley, Rancho San Fernando, Mission Valley, Valley City and Camelot. Along with Measures F and H, elections were held for fourteen council members and a mayor. A Local Agency Formation Commission (or LAFCo) is one of several decision making government entities in California with the responsibility to decide boundary issues pertaining to city and county (non-incorporated) lands, including spheres of influence, and issues about the annexation of county lands into a city or special district. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Valley politicians such as State Senator Richard Alarcon and City Council President Alex Padilla opposed the initiatives. The leader of the LAUSD breakup and former congresswoman and busing opponent Bobbie Fiedler also campaigned against secession. Supporters pointed out that the Valley suffers from many of the same problems of poverty, crime, drug and gang activity as the rest of the city. Alex Padilla is a councilman for the 7th district of the Los Angeles City Council and served as Council President from July 2001 through December 31, 2005. ...


The proposal passed with a slight majority in the Valley, but was defeated by the rest of Los Angeles voters due to a heavily-funded campaign against it led by Los Angeles mayor James Hahn. Republican Assemblyman Keith Richman of Northridge was voted in as mayor of the stillborn city. Richman and other activists behind the secession movement attempted to redirect their civic energies toward influencing Los Angeles city politics, but their efforts largely fizzled. Hertzberg's 2005 mayoral campaign, which received heavy support in the Valley, nonetheless finished in third place (only a few percentage points behind incumbent Mayor Hahn), and no secession supporters were elected to positions on the Los Angeles City Council. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... James Kenneth Jim Hahn (born July 3, 1950) is an American politician from the Democratic Party. ... Dr. Keith S. Richman is a California, United States, Republican politician. ...


Non-Political Secession

Many neighborhoods of Los Angeles in the San Fernando Valley have 'seceded' from one another in the form of renaming and reforming known community boundaries. Groups are motivated by the desire to disassociate themselves from undesirable connotations that some communities have inherited and, in the process, increase property values. Lake Balboa broke away from Van Nuys. Valley Village, Studio City and Valley Glen separated from North Hollywood. West Hills and Winnetka separated from Canoga Park. Porter Ranch seceded from Northridge. Arleta successfully broke off from Pacoima but was thwarted in its attempts to carve out a separate ZIP code. The separate districts are in name only as none of the communities have actual governmental authority and all of the communities remain politically a part of the City of Los Angeles. Lake Balboa is in the San Fernando Valley, in the Los Angeles city limits. ... Van Nuys is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... VALLEY VILLAGE :Some think that Valley Village was formed in 1991. ... Studio City is a four-square-mile district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... West Hills is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The Winnetka district of Los Angeles, California is a suburb in the Western part of the San Fernando Valley, bordered by Canoga Park and Woodland Hills on the South, by Chatsworth to the North, and by Reseda to the East. ... Canoga Park is a district in the western San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California, about 25 miles northwest of downtown LA. For hundreds of years the paft of the far was San Fernando Valley was home to the American Indians of both Fernandeno and Chumash... Porter Ranch is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, in the northwestern portions of the San Fernando Valley. ... Northridge is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Arleta is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Pacoima is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Mr. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


Geography

San Fernando Valley

The San Fernando Valley is 345 square miles (894 km²) bounded by the Santa Susana Mountains to the northwest, the Simi Hills to the west, the Santa Monica Mountains to the south, the Verdugo Mountains to the east, and the San Gabriel Mountains to the northeast. The Sierra Pelona Mountains (to the north) can be seen in parts of the San Fernando Valley from the gap between the Santa Susana and San Gabriel (Newhall Pass). The Los Angeles River is thought to originate in Chatsworth and flowing east along the southern areas of the Valley. One of the river's only unpaved section can be found at the Sepulveda Basin. Another waterway, the Tujunga Wash, comes down from the San Gabriel Mountains and winds south in the eastern communities of the Valley before merging with the Los Angeles River. The valley's elevation is about 250–1,200 ft. above sea level. San Fernando Valley © 2004 Frank Perez File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... San Fernando Valley © 2004 Frank Perez File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Santa Susana Mountains are a transverse range of mountains in southern California, north of the city of Los Angeles, in the United States. ... The Simi Hills are a low rocky mountain range in Southern California. ... Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... The Verdugo Mountains are an offshoot range of the San Gabriel Mountains and are located in Los Angeles County, California. ... The San Gabriel Mountains are located in northern Los Angeles County and western San Bernardino County, California, USA. The mountain range forms a barrier between the Greater Los Angeles Area and the Mojave Desert. ... The Sierra Pelona Mountains are a rocky mountain range of the Transverse Ranges in Southern California. ... Fremont Pass is a mountain pass in Los Angeles County, California, USA, located at 34°2043N, 118°3026W. Historically called Newhall Pass and San Fernando Pass, it separates the Santa Susana Mountains from the San Gabriel Mountains. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Chatsworth is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Most of the San Fernando Valley is within the City of Los Angeles, California, although several smaller cities are within the Valley as well; Burbank and Glendale are in the southeast corner of the Valley, Hidden Hills and Calabasas are in the southwest corner, and San Fernando, which is completely surrounded by the City of Los Angeles, is in the northeast Valley. Universal City, an enclave in the southern part of the Valley, is unincorporated land housing the Universal Studios filming lot. Mulholland Drive, which runs along the ridgeline of the Santa Monica Mountains, marks the boundary between the Valley and the communities of Hollywood and Los Angeles' westside. Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Location of Hidden Hills in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1961-10-19 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Cohen [1] Area  - City  1. ... Location of Calabasas in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-04-05[2] Government  - Mayor James Bozajian[1] Area  - City  13. ... San Fernando is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... View of Universal City Universal City is a community in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles County, California that encompasses the 415 acre (1. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... ...


Los Angeles' administrative center for the Valley is in Van Nuys. The area in and around the former Van Nuys City Hall is home to a police station, municipal and superior courts and Los Angeles city and county administrative offices. Northridge is home to California State University Northridge. The 1994 Northridge Earthquake (January 17, 1994 which measured 6.7 on the Richter Scale), one of the few major earthquakes to have struck directly under a major city, was epicentered in neighboring Reseda just east of the intersection of Elkwood Street and Baird Avenue. An earlier major temblor (in 1971), The Sylmar Quake (February 9, 1971 and measured 6.5 on the Richter Scale), was also a killer, having destroyed the Olive View and Veterans Administration Hospitals, and rendered the east west Interstate 210 useless for a number of years due to severe damage. Prior to development, before the arrival of the Los Angeles Owens Valley Aqueduct water, the valley was a bleak semi-desert, too dry for extensive agriculture over more than a small part of the valley. The water brought farming with some major crops including corn, cotton, persimmons, lemons, oranges, and walnuts. The advent of three new industries - motion picture, automobile, and aircraft - spurred urbanization and population growth. World War II and a subsequent post war boom accelerated this growth so that by 1960, the valley had a population of well over 1 million. Van Nuys is a district within the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... A state-funded university in Northridge, California, part of the California State University System, formerly the San Fernando Valley State College. ... The 1994 Northridge earthquake occurred on January 17, 1994 at 4:30:55 am Pacific Standard Time in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... Reseda, California is a neighborhood within the City of Los Angeles, California. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Climate

The Valley shares the Los Angeles Basin's dry, sunny weather. Although the southwestern edge of the Valley is less than 10 miles from the Pacific Ocean, the Valley can be considerably hotter than the Los Angeles Basin during the summer months and cooler during the winter months. The West Valley community of Woodland Hills has set the highest recorded temperature in the City of Los Angeles of 119 °F (49 °C) in 2006, the coldest recorded temperature was in Canoga Park 18 °F (-8 °C) in 1989. Also, rainfall accumulations tend to be slightly higher in the Valley during the rainy season in comparison to the Los Angeles Basin and the coast. The valley is more likely to get snow during winter months than the Los Angeles basin, although snow in San Fernando valley is quite rare. The last measurable accumulation of snow in the valley was in 1988 while the last measurable accumulation of snow in the Los Angeles basin was in 1960. The Valley is prone to smog, particularly in the summer, because of the mountain ranges surrounding it and because vertical motion in the atmosphere is often blocked by temperature inversions. Environmental regulations and improvments through the years have cut the smog levels almost in half since they peaked in the 1960s. The Los Angeles Basin is the coastal sediment-filled plain located between the peninsular and transverse ranges in southern California in the United States containing the central part of the city of Los Angeles. ... Woodland Hills, California in the foreground, including Warner Center. ... Canoga Park, California is a district of the city of Los Angeles, located within the San Fernando Valley. ... This article is about precipitation. ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ... It has been suggested that Haze be merged into this article or section. ... Smoke rising in Lochcarron is stopped by an overlying layer of warmer air. ...


Geology

Demographics

The San Fernando Valley had a population 1,696,347 in 2000. A recent estimate by the Los Angeles County Urban Research Unit and Population Division puts the 2004 population at 1,808,599. The largest cities entirely in the valley are Glendale and Burbank. The largest sections of Los Angeles in the valley are North Hollywood and Van Nuys. Each of the two districts and each of the two sections of Los Angeles mentioned has more than 100,000 residents. Despite the San Fernando Valley's reputation for sprawling, low-density development, the Valley communities of Panorama City, North Hollywood, Van Nuys, Reseda, Canoga Park, and Northridge, all in Los Angeles, have numerous apartment complexes and contain some of the densest census tracts in Los Angeles. Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Van Nuys is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Panorama City is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley district of Los Angeles, California. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... Van Nuys is a district within the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Reseda is a district in the San Fernando Valley of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Canoga Park is a district in the western San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California, about 25 miles northwest of downtown LA. For hundreds of years the paft of the far was San Fernando Valley was home to the American Indians of both Fernandeno and Chumash... Northridge is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Latinos and non-Hispanic whites are nearly even in numbers, combining to comprise more than four out of five Valley residents. In general, communities in the northeastern, central, and southeastern parts of the Valley have the highest concentration of Latinos. Non-Hispanic Whites live mainly along the communities along the region's mountain rim and in the northwestern and southern sections of the valley. The city of Glendale has an influential and very large Armenian community. The cities of San Fernando, Calabasas, Hidden Hills, and the Tarzana area of Los Angeles are quite homogeneous in racial makeup. Latino refers to people living in the US of Latin American nationality and their US-born descendants. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... San Fernando is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Calabasas in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-04-05[2] Government  - Mayor James Bozajian[1] Area  - City  13. ... Location of Hidden Hills in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1961-10-19 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Cohen [1] Area  - City  1. ... Tarzana (California) Tarzana (IPA: [tɑɹˈzænÉ™]) is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Asian Americans make up 10.7% of the population and live throughout the Valley, but are most numerous in the city of Glendale and the Los Angeles communities of Chatsworth, Panorama City, Porter Ranch and Granada Hills. African Americans compose 5.1% of the Valley's population, living mainly in the Los Angeles sections of Lake View Terrace, Pacoima, Reseda, Valley Village, Van Nuys, and Northridge. Another large ethnic element is the Iranian community with 200,000 people living mainly in west San Fernando Valley. The valley is also home to a large and influential Jewish community. An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Chatsworth is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Porter Ranch is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, in the northwestern portions of the San Fernando Valley. ... Chatsworth Street & Zelzah Avenue Granada Hills is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Hansen Dam in Lake View Terrace, CA Lake View Terrace is a suburb located in the northeast quadrant of the city of Los Angeles in southern California, USA. Surrounding areas include the Angeles National Forest, Little Tujunga Canyon, Big Tujunga Canyon, Hansen Dam, Kagel Canyon, and a portion of the... Pacoima is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Reseda refers to the following: The plant genus Reseda; see Mignonette The Los Angeles, California suburb named after the plant; see Reseda, Los Angeles, California This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Valley Village, is a neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. ... Van Nuys is a district within the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... Northridge is the name of some places in the United States of America: the Northridge community of Los Angeles, California in the San Fernando Valley Northridge, Ohio This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Poverty rates in the San Fernando Valley are lower than the rest of the county (15.3% compared to 17.9%). Eight San Fernando Valley communities have at least one in five residents living in poverty.


The Pacoima section of Los Angeles is widely known in the region as a hub of suburban blight. Other San Fernando Valley communities, such as the Los Angeles sections of Mission Hills, Arleta, and Sylmar, have poverty rates well below the regional average, even lower than neighborhoods populated by a higher number of Non-Hispanic White residents. Mission Hills is a suburban community in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Arleta is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Sylmar is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Many wealthy families live in the hills south of the Ventura Boulevard; as a result, the phrase "South of the Boulevard" has become a commonly used buzzword in local real estate.


Neighborhoods and districts

A view of the San Fernando Valley looking west from Brand Park in Glendale. Santa Monica Mountains, and Simi Hills are seen in the distance.
A view of the San Fernando Valley looking west from Brand Park in Glendale. Santa Monica Mountains, and Simi Hills are seen in the distance.

Incorporated cities Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1129 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Fernando Valley Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1129 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): San Fernando Valley Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ... Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... The Simi Hills are a low rocky mountain range in Southern California. ...

Unincorporated communities Burbank is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location of Calabasas in California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1991-04-05[2] Government  - Mayor James Bozajian[1] Area  - City  13. ... Location of Hidden Hills in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1961-10-19 [2] Government  - Mayor Jim Cohen [1] Area  - City  1. ... San Fernando is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Glendale within Los Angeles County and the State of California. ...

Communities within the City of Los Angeles There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

+Common usage of the term San Fernando Valley include these communities that are in Crescenta Valley. Arleta is in the northeastern San Fernando Valley, surburban section of Los Angeles, California, adjacent to the neighborhoods of Mission Hills, North Hills, Sun Valley, Panorama City, and the City of San Fernando. ... Cahuenga Pass (from the indigenous Tongva language) (el. ... Canoga Park, California is a district of the city of Los Angeles, located within the San Fernando Valley. ... Chatsworth is a community of Los Angeles, bordered by the Santa Susana Mountains and unincorporated Los Angeles County lands to the north, Porter Ranch to the northeast, Northridge to the east, West Hills to the south, and the Simi Hills, Ventura County, Simi Valley, and Chatsworth Lake Manor to the... Encino is a neighborhood of the City of Los Angeles, California located in the San Fernando Valley. ... Granada Hills is a district of the City of Los Angeles located in the San Fernando Valley. ... Knollwood Country Club Estates is a luxury planned unit development consisting of mostly half-acre elegant homes along the Knollwood Country Club golf course in Granada Hills, Los Angeles County, California. ... Lake View Terrace is a suburb district in the north east quadrant of the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Lake Balboa is in the San Fernando Valley, in the Los Angeles city limits. ... Mission Hills is a suburban community in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The NoHo Arts District is a new Los Angeles community, located near Valley Village and North Hollywood, that is home to contemporary theaters, art galleries, cafes, and interesting shops. ... North Hills is one of the oldest communities in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, California, USA. Formerly known as Sepulveda, it was named after the Sepulveda family, which have roots back to the founding of Los Angeles. ... North Hollywood is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Northridge is a community in the City of Los Angeles. ... Pacoima is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... Panorama City is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley district of Los Angeles, California. ... Porter Ranch is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California, in the northwestern portions of the San Fernando Valley. ... Reseda, California is a neighborhood within the City of Los Angeles, California. ... North Hills is one of the oldest communities in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, California, USA. Formerly known as Sepulveda, it was named after the Sepulveda family, which have roots back to the founding of Los Angeles. ... Shadow Hills is a semi-rural neighborhood in far northeastern Los Angeles, entirely contained within the community of Sunland. ... Sherman Oaks is a district of the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, California. ... Studio City is a district in the San Fernando Valley in Los Angeles, California. ... Sun Valley is a region in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles, California, north of North Hollywood, Los Angeles, California and south of Pacoima, Los Angeles, California. ... Sunland is a neighborhood in the northeastern San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... Sylmar is a neighborhood in the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles, California. ... Tarzana is a community in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles. ... Toluca Lake is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Valley Glen is the community name for the southeastern portion of Van Nuys, a San Fernando Valley district of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... VALLEY VILLAGE :Some think that Valley Village was formed in 1991. ... Van Nuys is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The Ventura Business District is the commercial district surrounding Ventura Blvd, the main thoroughfare of the San Fernando Valley. ... Warner Center is a business district in Los Angeles, California. ... West Hills is a district in the San Fernando Valley region of the City of Los Angeles, California. ... The Winnetka district of Los Angeles, California is a suburb in the Western part of the San Fernando Valley, bordered by Canoga Park and Woodland Hills on the South, by Chatsworth to the North, and by Reseda to the East. ... Woodland Hills is a community within the City of Los Angeles. ...


Economy

The Valley is home to numerous companies, the most well-known of which are involved in motion pictures, recording, and television production (including CBS Studio Center, NBC-Universal, The Walt Disney Company (and its ABC television network), and Warner Bros.. The Valley was previously known for stellar advances in aerospace technology by companies such as Lockheed, Rocketdyne, and Marquardt which helped put man on the moon and armed the modern military. Most of these enterprises have since disappeared or moved on to regions with friendlier political climates and/or cheaper labor. This article is about the broadcast network. ... NBC Universal is a media and entertainment company formed in May 2004 by the combination of General Electrics NBC with Vivendi Universal Entertainment (part of the French Media Group, Vivendi SA. GE owns 80% of NBC Universal with the remaining 20% owned by Vivendi SA). ... “Disney” redirects here. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... “WB” redirects here. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ... F-1 rocket engine Rocketdyne is a United States company that designs and produces rocket engines that use liquid propellants. ... Marquardt Corporation was one of the few aeronautical engineering firms that was dedicated almost solely to the development of the ramjet engine. ...


The Valley became the pioneering region for producing adult films in the 1970s and since then has been home to a multi-billion dollar pornography industry earning the monikers "Porn Valley", "San Pornando Valley" or "Silicone Valley" (a play on Silicon Valley and silicone breast implants). The leading trade paper for that field (AVN Magazine) is based in the Northwest Valley, as are a majority of the nation's adult video and magazine distributors. The San Fernando Valley is considered by many the porn capital of the world. Pornography may use any of a variety of media — written and spoken text, photos, movies, etc. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Silicones (more accurately called polymerized siloxanes or polysiloxanes) are inorganic-organic polymers with the chemical formula [R2SiO]n, where R = organic groups such as methyl, ethyl, and phenyl. ... A breast implant is a prosthesis used to enlarge the size of a womans breasts (known as breast augmentation, breast enlargement, mammoplasty enlargement, augmentation mammoplasty or the common slang term boob job) for cosmetic reasons; to reconstruct the breast (e. ... AVN (Adult Video News) Magazine is the standard trade magazine of the pornography industry in the United States. ...


Transportation

Victory Boulevard in Van Nuys (2002). This boulevard is lined with low-rise commercial establishments and is typical of the broad, straight roadways in the San Fernando Valley.

Although the Valley is part of Los Angeles, its development pattern is almost exclusively suburban, and the automobile is the dominant mode of transportation. Several freeways criss-cross the Valley, most notably, Interstate 405, U.S. 101, California State Route 118, and Interstate 5. Most of the major thoroughfares run on a cartographic grid; notable streets include Sepulveda Boulevard, Ventura Boulevard, Laurel Canyon Boulevard, San Fernando Road, Mulholland Drive, and Topanga Canyon Blvd. I took this photo in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles in 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... I took this photo in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles in 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... Interstate 405, colloquially referred to as The 405 (the four-oh-five), is one of the principal north-south highways in Southern California, and the major bypass of I-5 running through Southern California. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... State Route 118 is a state highway in the U.S. state of California that begins running west to east through Ventura and Los Angeles counties in southern California. ... Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Sepulveda Boulevard is a street in Los Angeles, California. ... Ventura Boulevard is one of the primary east-west thouroughfares in the San Fernando Valley; as it was originally a part of the El Camino Real (the trail between Spanish missions), Ventura Boulevard is the oldest route in the San Fernando Valley. ... Laurel Canyon Boulevard is a major street in the city of Los Angeles, California. ... San Fernando Road is a major street in the city and county of Los Angeles. ... Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE SR-1 LA 0. ...


Despite the dominance of the automobile, the Valley has two Metro subway stations, in Universal City and North Hollywood, which opened in 2000 as an extension of the Metro Red Line Subway connecting the Valley to Hollywood and downtown Los Angeles. The Orange Line, an east-west Bus Rapid Transit bus-way was opened in October 2005, connecting the North Hollywood Metro station to Warner Center in the west Valley. The new line features "train-like" articulated buses and very high frequency of service. Long-promised daily bus service between Sylmar and Santa Clarita began operating in 2006. Two Metrolink commuter rail lines connect the Valley to downtown Los Angeles, merging into one at Burbank. These operate on a limited schedule serving commuters only during regular work hours. Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner has stations at Burbank Airport, Van Nuys and Chatsworth. Four Metro Rapid bus rapid transit lines (the 734, the 761, the 780, and the 750) service the area with more planned. Metro service is planned and operated by the San Fernando Valley Sector under policies and oversight of its Governance Council [1]. This article is about the present transit agency. ... Universal City is the name for the property of Universal Studios, a motion picture company, in Los Angeles County, California, including its studio facilities and an area around the studio site. ... Diagram of the Metro Red Line. ... ... NABI 60-BRT Orange Line bus at Warner Center Transit Hub Side view of the NABI 60-BRT at Warner Center Transit Hub Interior view of the NABI 60-BRT. The Metro Orange Line is a dedicated transitway operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority which began its... Busways redirects here. ... Warner Center is a business district in Los Angeles, California. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Santa Clarita can refer to: Santa Clarita, California Santa Clarita Valley This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Metrolink (AAR reporting marks SCAX) is a Regional rail system that serves the Southern California region. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... // Northbound Pacific Surfliner Cab Car crosses Carlsbad Village Dr. in Carlsbad, Ca. ... Bob Hope Airport Train Station is an Amtrak and Metrolink rail station south of Bob Hope Airport in the city of Burbank, California. ... Metro Rapid 761 Metro Rapid is a bus rapid transit system in Los Angeles County, California, operated by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority. ...


Parks and recreation

The San Fernando Valley is home to several large and many small parks. Griffith Park, the largest of Los Angeles' municipal parks, lies at the southeastern end of the valley, straddling the eastern end of the Hollywood Hills. Two large recreation areas occupy the flood control basins behind Sepulveda Dam and Hansen Dam. O'Melveny Park above Granada Hills protects the upper reaches of Bee Canyon, at the eastern end of the Santa Susana Mountains. There is also a sizeable recreation area in the northwest valley, Chatsworth Park. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In the past decade, many large tracts of undeveloped or ranch lands in the mountains surrounding the Valley have been acquired for parkland. The Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy and its affiliated agencies have purchased or otherwise acquired many of these lands, which are maintained as parkland by the Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, California state parks, or local parks districts. In 2003 the Ahmanson Ranch, a 2,983 acre (12 km²) property in Ventura County at the west end of the Valley, was purchased by the State of California, and dedicated as the Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve on April 10, 2004. The Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy is an agency of the state of California in the United States founded in 1979 and dedicated to the acquisition of land in the Santa Susana and Santa Monica Mountains and the Simi Hills, north and west of Los Angeles, for preservation as open space... The Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area is a U.S. National Recreation Area, administered by the National Park Service, located in Los Angeles. ... This is a list of state parks and reserves in the California state park system. ... The Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve is part of the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy. ... Ventura County is part of the Greater Los Angeles Area, located on Californias Pacific coast. ... The Upper Las Virgenes Canyon Open Space Preserve is part of the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy. ...


House prices

Prices for houses in the Valley are some of the highest in the U.S. (Housing affordability is a major problem in California as a whole, not just in the Valley [2].) In August of 2005, the median price of an average one family, two bedroom, one bath, home in the San Fernando Valley reached over $600,000. In 1997, it was only $155,000. In the summer of 2003, it reached $400,000 and by July 2005, it reached $578,500. From July to August (one month) 2005, it rose by $100,000. A cooling off was noted in 2006, when between November 2005 and November 2006, median prices rose by the smallest amount of any 12 month period since mid-1997. Indeed, November prices were lower than October prices, and sales for November had fallen 19.1% compared to a year earlier. [3] In probability theory and statistics, a median is a type of average that is described as the number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half. ...


Movies about the Valley

Several motion pictures about life in the San Fernando Valley were produced by many companies also in the San Fernando Valley, including Chinatown (1974), Thank God It's Friday (1978), Foxes (1980), Fast Times at Ridgemont High (1982), E.T. (1982),Valley Girl (1983), La Bamba (1987), Encino Man (1992), Safe (1995), Boogie Nights (1997), some scenes of Mulholland Drive (2001), Magnolia (1999), Punch-Drunk Love (2002), 2 Days in the Valley (1996), Earth Girls Are Easy (1988), Knocked Up (2007), and Down in the Valley (2005). Chinatown is a 1974 film directed by Roman Polanski featuring many elements of the film noir genre, particularly a multi-layered story that is part mystery and part psychological drama. ... Foxes is a 1980 English language drama film directed by Adrian Lyne and written by Gerald Ayres. ... “Ridgemont High School” redirects here. ... ET (or et) is Latin for and; it can also refer to: Estonian language (ISO 639 alpha-2, et) E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, the 1982 film, or the related video game extraterrestrials in general Eastern Time, both in standard time and daylight time Entertainment Tonight engineering technology elapsed time... Valley Girl is a 1983 comedy and romance movie,starring Nicolas Cage, Deborah Foreman, E.G. Daily, Cameron Dye, and Joyce Hyser. ... La Bamba is a 1987 movie based on the real life events that affected the lives of rock star Ritchie Valens, his half-brother Bob Morales, his girlfriend Donna Ludwig and the rest of their family. ... For the Moves song of the same name, see California Man (song). ... Safe is a 1995 drama/thriller film directed by Todd Haynes. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Map of Mulholland Drive (orange) and Mulholland Highway (brown) in Los Angeles County. ... It has been suggested that Magnolia (album) be merged into this article or section. ... Punch-Drunk Love is a 2002 film written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. ... 2 Days in the Valley is a 1996 movie, directed by John Herzfeld, about 48 hours in the lives of a group of people who are drawn together by a murder. ... Earth Girls Are Easy is a 1988 American comedy/musical film directed by Julien Temple. ... Knocked Up is a 2007 American comedy film written and directed by Judd Apatow. ... Down in the Valley is a movie starring Edward Norton, Evan Rachel Wood, David Morse and Rory Culkin. ...


The first and third The Karate Kid films (1984 and 1989 respectively) were mostly filmed and set in the Valley, while the second entry (1986) starts there but in the six-month flashforward, moves its story to Okinawa. A Cinderella Story (2004) also takes place in the San Fernando Valley. The Karate Kid is a 1984 John G. Avildsen film starring Ralph Macchio and Pat Morita. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... A Cinderella Story is a teen romance movie starring Hilary Duff and Chad Michael Murray. ...


Alpha Dog (2007) was based on a true story that happened in the San Fernando Valley in 1999, and it was mostly filmed in the Valley in Fall 2004, but, for legal reasons, it was fictionalized within the film to take place in the San Gabriel Valley instead. For the term relating to dog behavior, see Alpha (biology). ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ...


In the 1994 movie Pulp Fiction directed by Quentin Tarantino, The Valley is referenced by Samuel L. Jackson's character, Jules, as being a place where Marsellus Wallace had no friends. This being in response to John Travolta's character, Vincent, accidentally shooting a man point blank in the face in broad daylight. Pulp Fiction is an Academy Award-winning 1994 film directed by Quentin Tarantino, who co-wrote the screenplay with Roger Avary. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... “Samuel Jackson” redirects here. ... John Joseph Travolta (born February 18, 1954) is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor, dancer, and singer. ...


(See also: List of movies set in Los Angeles) This is a list of movies set in Los Angeles, California: // 1920s Hollywood (1923) 1930s What Price Hollywood? (1932) A Star Is Born (1937) 1940s Double Indemnity (1944) Murder My Sweet (1944) Mildred Pierce (1945) The Big Sleep (1946) The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946) 1950s Sunset Boulevard (1950) The...


Songs about the Valley

The alleged lifestyles of Valley teens in the 1980s, and their slang (Valspeak), were satirized in the Frank Zappa song "Valley Girl." The song featured his daughter, Moon Unit Zappa, performing Valspeak (example: "Like, grody to the max!"). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Frank Vincent Zappa[1] (December 21, 1940 – December 4, 1993) was an American composer, musician, and film director. ... Moon Unit Zappa (born September 28, 1967, in New York City) is the oldest child of late American rock star Frank Zappa and Gail Sloatman; she goes by the name Moon Zappa. ... Look up like in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Bing Crosby had a #1 hit song in 1944 called "The San Fernando Valley", written by Gordon Jenkins. Harry Lillis Bing Crosby (May 3, 1903 – October 14, 1977) was an American singer and actor whose career lasted from 1926 until his death in 1977. ...


The protagonist of Tom Petty's song "Free Fallin'" has ended a relationship with a Valley girl, and mentions various geographical elements of the area: "It's a long day, living in Reseda," "a freeway running through the yard" and "Ventura Boulevard." Thomas Earl Tom Petty (born October 20, 1950) is a singer and guitarist. ... Free Fallin is the opening track from Tom Pettys 1989 solo album, Full Moon Fever. ... Reseda refers to the following: The plant genus Reseda; see Mignonette The Los Angeles, California suburb named after the plant; see Reseda, Los Angeles, California This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Ventura Boulevard is one of the primary east-west thouroughfares in the San Fernando Valley; as it was originally a part of the El Camino Real (the trail between Spanish missions), Ventura Boulevard is the oldest route in the San Fernando Valley. ...


Soul Coughing's song "Screenwriter's Blues" describes a person who is "going to Reseda to make love to a model." Soul Coughing (1992–2000) was a New York-based alternative rock band comprised of Mike Doughty (vocals, lyrics, guitar), Mark De Gli Antoni (samples, keyboards), Sebastian Steinberg (string bass) and Yuval Gabay (drums). ... Reseda is a district in the San Fernando Valley of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


Randy Newman's song "I Love L.A." mentions Victory Boulevard. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is a song written and recorded by Randy Newman. ...


Roy Roger's song "Make My Home the San Fernando Valley"


Waking Ashland have a song named Reseda Waking Ashland was a piano rock band from San Diego, California, signed to Tooth and Nail Records and Immortal Records. ... Reseda is a district in the San Fernando Valley of the City of Los Angeles, California. ...


See also

The Crescenta Valley is a small inland valley in Los Angeles County, California. ... San Gabriel Valley within Southern California The San Gabriel Valley is one of the principal valleys of southern California. ... The Santa Clara River Valley is a rural region of Ventura County in California. ... Rancho Los Encinos (also Rancho El Encino and Rancho Encino) was a Spanish grazing concession,[2] cattle and sheep ranch, stagecoach stop, wheat farm, and real estate subdivision in the San Fernando Valley of California near Los Angeles. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
San Fernando Valley - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2411 words)
The San Fernando Valley is bounded by the Santa Susana Mountains to the northwest, the Simi Hills to the west, the Santa Monica Mountains to the south, the Verdugo Mountains to the east, and the San Gabriel Mountains to the northeast.
The Valley suffers from heavy concentrations of smog, particularly in the summer, because of the mountain ranges surrounding it and because vertical motion in the atmosphere is often blocked by temperature inversions.
The alleged lifestyles of Valley teens in the 1980s, and their slang (Valspeak), were satirized in the Moon Unit Zappa (daughter of Frank Zappa) song "Valley Girl" (Example: "Like, grody to the max!") Bing Crosby had a #1 hit in 1944 called "The San Fernando Valley" written by Gordon Jenkins.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m