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Encyclopedia > San Antonio Symphony
The San Antonio Symphony orchestra, Sep 2007.

The San Antonio Symphony is a full-time professional symphony orchestra based in San Antonio, Texas. Its season runs from late September to early June. The current Music Director (through the 2007–2008 season) is Larry Rachleff. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... “San Antonio” redirects here. ... The title of music director is used by many symphony orchestras to designate the primary conductor and artistic leader of the orchestra. ...


The orchestra is housed within the The Majestic Theatre, San Antonio. The Majestic Theatre is San Antonios oldest and largest atmospheric theatre. ...

Contents

Artistic and organizational facts

The San Antonio Symphony presents a large and diverse selection of music on its concert schedule. The 2007–2008 season includes 14 different classical subscription programs (each performed twice), five Pops programs (also performed twice each), four different programs in a Young People's Concerts series (each performed six times), four programs in an Interactive Family Classics series, and other features such as "Special Attractions" and Community Concerts. Many of these concerts feature performances by noted guest artists. A classical music concert in the Rod Laver Arena, Melbourne 2005 Kasia Kowalska concert in Warsaw A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the 2000s . ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more of the mass media. ...


The 2007–2008 artistic staff of the San Antonio Symphony consists of Music Director Larry Rachleff, Resident Conductor Ken-David Masur, Mastersingers Conductor John Silantien, and 72 full-time musicians. Christopher Wilkins holds the title of Music Director Emeritus. The orchestra musicians collectively belong to the International Conference of Symphony and Opera Musicians (ICSOM), and virtually all individually are members of the American Federation of Musicians (AFM). The San Antonio Symphony Mastersingers is a chorus that performs frequently with the symphony. Although its members participate on a volunteer basis, the Mastersingers are considered by many to be of professional quality. A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Emeritus (IPA pronunciation: or ) is an adjective that is used in the title of a retired professor, bishop or other professional. ... The American Federation of Musicians (AFM) is a labor union of professional musicians in the United States and Canada. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Standing ovation for San Antonio Symphony and violin virtuoso Midori Goto, Sep 28, 2007.

The San Antonio Symphony's primary performance venue is the Majestic Theatre in downtown San Antonio. Completed in 1929, the former movie and vaudeville house became the Symphony's home in 1988. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Midori Goto (五嶋 みどり; Gotö Midori) (born October 25, 1971 in Osaka) is a Japanese violinist. ... The Majestic Theatre is San Antonios oldest and largest atmospheric theatre. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Symphony Society of San Antonio manages operations of the San Antonio Symphony through the efforts of a board chaired by Debbie Montford under the leadership of President & CEO David Green (as of 2007). The organization is a member of the American Symphony Orchestra League (ASOL). In relation to a company, a director is an officer (that is, someone who works for the company) charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... “Chief executive” redirects here. ...


History

Orchestral music in San Antonio traces its beginnings to a series of four concerts by a 49-piece orchestra directed by German immigrant Carl Beck at the state Sängerfest in 1887. A performance of the Symphony No. 4 by Felix Mendelssohn in these concerts was the first of a complete symphony in the state of Texas. Beck again conducted a symphony orchestra when the Sängerfest returned to San Antonio in 1896. Beck was engaged as the director of the Beethoven Männerchor in San Antonio, then succeeded in that role by Carl Hahn in about 1904. Hahn worked with Mrs. Eli Hertzberg, a leading local musician and arts patron, to create the San Antonio Symphony Orchestra, which gave its first concert on May 18, 1905. The orchestra performed sporadically for the next several years but was revived in 1914 (as the "San Antonio Philharmonic") by a new conductor, Arthur Claassen. By 1916, the ensemble was again called the San Antonio Symphony Orchestra. By 1918 it was under the musical direction of Julien Paul Blitz. Concerts continued into the 1920s, but this organization appears ultimately to have foundered. Saengerfest, also Sängerfeste, Sängerfest, or Saengerbund, meaning singers festival, is a German cultural festival with a focus on music and singing, and choral performance in particular. ... The Symphony No. ... Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy, born and known generally as Felix Mendelssohn (February 3, 1809 – November 4, 1847) was a German composer and conductor of the early Romantic period. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Beethoven” redirects here. ... Maennerchor (literally translated mens chorus in English) is the name given to German social clubs, primarily in the northeastern United States, Pennsylvania in particular. ... Julien Paul Blitz (1885-1951), was the first music director of the Houston Symphony, holding that position from 1913 to 1916. ...


The present San Antonio Symphony, an organization independent of the aforementioned predecessors, was created in 1939 by Max Reiter, a German-Italian immigrant, who became its first Music Director. The group's early ambition is evidenced by the fact that the legendary violinist Jascha Heifetz was a guest artist during the first season. By 1943, the orchestra employed 75 professional musicians, and in the 1944–1945 season the organization's budget topped $100,000, making it one of only 19 "major" orchestras in the country at that time, and the only one in Texas. Unlike many orchestras, the San Antonio Symphony was able to continue operations through World War II—largely because the city's strong military presence helped bolster the local economy. Before his death in 1950, Reiter had started an Opera Festival, created an Opera Chorus, and brought nationwide attention to the orchestra, with world premieres by several important composers, guest appearances by world-class artists, and overall high musical quality. A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Look up budget in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about Opera, the art form. ... A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... Premiere, from French language première meaning first, generally means a first performance. Premieres for theatrical, musical, and other productions are often extravagant affairs, attracting large numbers of socialites and much media attention. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ...


Reiter was succeeded by Victor Alessandro, a native Texan. The Symphony continued to grow in scope, including the addition of Young People's Concerts. In 1969 the orchestra took up residence in the Theater for the Performing Arts (which would later be named for a San Antonio mayor, Lila Cockrell). In 1970 the orchestra made its first major-label recordings, for Mercury Records. Alessandro died in 1976. A complete chronological list of San Antonio Symphony Music Directors is shown below. Victor Nicholas Alessandro (27 November 1915-November 1976) was an orchestra conductor and long-time resident of San Antonio, Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ... Mercury Records was a record label founded in Chicago, Illinois in 1945 by Irving Green, Berle Adams and Arthur Talmadge. ...


Financial difficulties forced the cancellation of much of the 1987–1988 season. During this time, the musicians formed and presented a concert series with their own organization, Orchestra San Antonio. Later, the 2003–2004 season would likewise be cancelled due to bankruptcy. Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, put into administration—see text) in the United Kingdom. ...


The 1990s were highlighted by recognition and acclaim for the San Antonio Symphony's creative and culturally diverse programming, culminating in awards by the National Endowment for the Arts (NEA), American Symphony Orchestra League (ASOL), the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP), and the Knight Foundation. Look up Creativity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The multicultural national representation of the countries of origin at the student union of San Francisco City College. ... The National Endowment for the Arts is a United States federally funded program that offers support and funding for projects that exhibit artistic excellence. ... The American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers (ASCAP) is an organization known as a collecting society that protects copyright, ensuring that music which is broadcast, commercially recorded, or otherwise used for profit, pays a fee to compensate the creators of that music. ... John S. and James L. Knight Foundation The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation was established in 1950 as a private foundation independent of the Knight brothers newspaper enterprises. ...


Due to decisions made in the wake of recent financial difficulties, the San Antonio Symphony currently performs a shorter season and with a slightly smaller musician complement than in some previous years, but it continues to be highly regarded artistically.


In the early part of the 2006-2007 season, CEO David Green and the executive board chose not to renew Music Director Larry Rachleff's contract beyond the 2007-2008 season. This decision was opposed by a majority of the musicians and by many San Antonio Symphony supporters. A search committee is currently seeking candidates for Rachleff's successor.


Chronology of Music Directors

  • Max Reiter, 1939–1950
  • Victor Alessandro, 1950–1976
  • François Huybrechts, 1978–1980
  • Lawrence Leighton Smith, 1980–1985
  • Christopher Wilkins, 1992–2000 (Wilkins was appointed "Music Director Designate" in 1990 and held that position during the 1991-1992 season.)
  • Larry Rachleff, 2004–present

Also, Sixten Ehrling served as Artistic Advisor for two years, and Zdeněk Mácal served one year as Artistic Director and Principal Conductor. Victor Nicholas Alessandro (27 November 1915-November 1976) was an orchestra conductor and long-time resident of San Antonio, Texas. ... Lawrence Leighton Smith, a conductor and pianist, was born April 8, 1936 in Portland, Oregon. ... Sixten Ehrling, (April 3, 1918 – February 13, 2005), was a Swedish conductor who, during a long career, served tenures as the principle conductor of the Detroit Symphony Orchestra and as the music director of the Royal Swedish Opera amongst others. ... ZdenÄ›k Mácal [ma:tsal] (often written Zdenek Macal) (born January 8, 1936 in Brno) is a Czech conductor. ...


Sources

  • "Immigrant conductor founded symphony during war years." Allen, Paula. San Antonio Express-News, 27 March 2005.
  • International Who's Who in Music and Musical Gazetteer, ed. César Saerchinger. New York: Current Literature Publishing Company, 1918.
  • San Antonio Symphony, Season 07–08 (program book)
  • "San Antonio Symphony Orchestra." Albrecht, Theodore. The Handbook of Texas Online
  • Wolz, Larry. "Roots of Classical Music in Texas: The German Contribution." Chapter 5 of The Roots of Texas Music, ed. Lawrence Clayton and Joe W. Specht. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2003. ISBN 1-58544-221-6.

The San Antonio Express-News is the daily newspaper of San Antonio, Texas. ... The Handbook of Texas is a comprehensive encyclopedia of Texas geography, history, and historical persons. ...

See also

  • The Majestic Theatre, San Antonio

The Majestic Theatre is San Antonios oldest and largest atmospheric theatre. ...

External links


 
 

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