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Encyclopedia > Samuel Osgood

Samuel Osgood (February 3, 1747August 12, 1813) was an American merchant and statesman from Andover, Massachusetts. He served in the Massachusetts and New York state legislatures, represented Massachusetts in the Continental Congress and was the first Postmaster General under the U.S. Constitution. February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Andover is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The Continental Congress is the label given to three successive bodies of representatives: The First Continental Congress met from September 5, 1774 to October 26, 1774. ... The Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...

Contents


Early life

John Osgood came to Massachusetts from Andover in England about 1630. Around 1642 he started a new settlement there and named it Andover for his home town. Four generations later, Captain Peter Osgood lived there and in 1747 he had a third son who he named Samuel. Location within the British Isles Andover High Street Andover is a town in Hampshire, England, west of Basingstoke. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification    - by Athelstan AD927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi   - Water (%) Population... Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Events January 4 - Charles I attempts to arrest five leading members of the Long Parliament, but they escape. ...


Samuel attended Harvard College, studied theology, and graduated in 1770. But he returned to Andover and followed a mercantile career. He joined the local militia, was elected to represent the town in the colonial assembly and in 1774 to the provincial congress that functioned as a revolutionary government. Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... 1770 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ...


The Revolution

Osgoood led a local company of minutemen into the Battle of Lexington and Concord in the spring of 1775. They followed the retreating British, and became part of the Siege of Boston. As more troops assembled, he was made Major of as brigade while serving at Cambridge. He became an aide to General Artemas Ward, and was promoted to Colonel. When the siege succeeded in the spring of 1776 Osgood left the army and returned to the provincial congress. The Battle of Lexington and Concord on April 19, 1775 was the first battle of the American Revolutionary War and was described as the shot heard round the world in Emersons Concord Hymn. ... 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Siege of Boston (April 19, 1775 - March 17, 1776) was the opening phase of the active American Revolutionary War. ... Cambridge City Hall Settled: 1630 â€“ Incorporated: 1636 Zip Code(s): 02139 â€“ Area Code(s): 617 / 857 Official website: http://www. ... Artemas Ward (November 26, 1727 – October 28, 1800) was an American Major General in the American Revolutionary War and a Congressman from Massachusetts. ... This article is about the year 1776. ...


The Provincial Congress named Osgood to the Massachusetts Board of War and he seved there until 1780 when the government was reorganized. He was a delegate to the state's constitutional convention in 1779-1780. Under the new Constitution he was elected to the state Senate in 1780. That same year the new government named Osgood as one of their delegates to the Continental Congress and he served there from 1782 until 1784. 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Continental Congress is the label given to three successive bodies of representatives: The First Continental Congress met from September 5, 1774 to October 26, 1774. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


After a brief term in the state Assembly in 1784, the governor appointed Osgood a judge in 1785 but he soon resigned when the National Congress made him a commissioner of the Treasury later that year. He moved to New York City to take up this office, which he held until the Congressional Government ended. 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Big Apple Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ...


New York Career

When a new U.S. government was installed in 1789, President Washington appointed Osgood the first Postmaster General under the new U.S. Constitution. When the Federal Government moved to Philadelphia for a ten-year period before finally settling in Washington, D.C., Osgood chose to remain in New York and resigned his post in 1791. 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Lansdowne portrait of President Washington by Gilbert Stuart. ... The Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... 1791 (MDCCXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1800 Osgood was elected to the New York State House of Representatives. He served there until 1803, part of the time as the Speaker of the House. In 1803, he was appointed to a national post as chief naval officer for the port of New York, a position he held until his death. In 1812, he was elected the first President of the then newly-formed City Bank of New York, which later became Citibank, predecessor of today's Citigroup. 1800 (MDCCC) was an common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Citibank was founded in 1812 as the City Bank of New York. ... Citigroup Inc. ...


Osgood was a member of American Philosophical Society, and in his later years devoted time to writing and study. He had an extensive correspondence with George Washington and Thomas Jefferson among others. He died at home in New York in 1813 and was buried in the Brick Presbytian Church in Manhattan The church was located at what is now at Fifth Avenue and Thirty-seventh street. The American Philosophical Society is a discussion group founded as the Junto in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732–December 14, 1799) commanded Americas war for independence (1775–1783), and was the first President of the United States, from 1789 to 1797. ... Thomas Jefferson(April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and an influential founder of the United States. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ...


Two streets in Andover, MA are named after him. Andover is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ...


External link

  • Biographic sketch at U.S. Congress website
Preceded by:
Ebenezer Hazard
United States Postmaster General
17891791
Succeeded by:
Timothy Pickering

  Results from FactBites:
 
Samuel Osgood - definition of Samuel Osgood - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (73 words)
Samuel Osgood - definition of Samuel Osgood - Labor Law Talk Dictionary
Samuel Osgood (1747 - 1813) was a U.S. political figure.
He served as the first Postmaster General (under the U.S. Constitution) between 1789 and 1791.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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