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Encyclopedia > Samuel Holland
Samuel Holland
Samuel Holland

Samuel Johannes Holland (172828 December 1801) was a Royal Engineer and first Surveyor General of British North America. Image File history File links Samuelholland. ... Image File history File links Samuelholland. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... The Corps of Royal Engineers (RE), commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. ... Surveying is concerned with the application of mathematics and physics in obtaining accurate measurements for the determination of the position of points on the Earths surface. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ...


–==Life in the Netherlands==


Holland was born in 1728 in Nijmegen, Netherlands. Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... Nijmegen (obsolete spellings: Nijmwegen, Nymegen, Nieumeghen — known in German as Nimwegen, French as Nimègue, and Spanish as Nimega) is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, near the German border. ...


In 1745, he entered the Dutch artillery and served during the War of the Austrian Succession and was promoted lieutenant in 1747. // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... The War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748) became inevitable after Maria Theresa of Austria had succeeded her father Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor in his Habsburg dominions in 1740, namely becoming Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduchess of Austria, and Duchess of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape...


In 1749, Holland married Gertrude Hasse, and they had one daughter, who is thought to have died in infancy. Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ...


In 1754, having possibly made contact with the Duke of Richmond, Samuel Holland emigrated to England to seek advancement under the British flag, leaving his wife behind in the Netherlands. 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The title Duke of Richmond has been created several times in the Peerage of England. ...

Contents

Early years in British North America

In 1756, Holland, probably with Richmond's aid, became a lieutenant in the Royal Americans, coming to British North America where he would spend the rest of his life. Arriving in the New World, Holland, along with others, prepared a map of New York province that would be widely used for twenty years. 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Kings Royal Rifle Corps was a British Army formation. ... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, c. ...


In 1757, he was promoted captain lieutenant and assigned to reconnoitre Fort Carillon, near Ticonderoga, New York, but in early 1758 he was transferred as assistant, engineer to the expedition against Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island in the colony of Nova Scotia. 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Fort Ticonderoga is a large 18th century fort built at a strategically important narrows in Lake Champlain where a short traverse gives access to the north end of Lake George in the state of New York, USA. The fort controlled both commonly used trade routes between the English-controlled Hudson... Ticonderoga is a town located in Essex County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 5,167. ... 1758 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Fortress Louisbourg (fr. ... Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, Canada NASA landsat photo of Cape Breton Island Cape Breton Island (French: île du Cap-Breton, Scottish Gaelic: Eilean Cheap Breatuinn, Míkmaq: Únamakika, simply: Cape Breton) is an island on the Atlantic coast of North America. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages None (English,French,Gaelic) Flower Trailing arbutus Tree Red Spruce Bird Osprey Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area...


During the attack on Louisbourg, Holland made surveys of the surrounding area and prepared plans as well as give engineering advice under the command of Brigadier-General James Wolfe. Following Louisbourg's capitulation, Holland was strongly commended by Wolfe to the Duke of Richmond. General James Wolfe, General James (Jimmy) Wolfe (January 2, 1727 – September 13, 1759) was a British general, remembered mainly for his role in establishing British rule in Canada. ...


That winter, Holland and his new pupil, James Cook, drew charts of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Saint Lawrence River in preparation of the attack on Quebec. He also supervised the construction of Fort Frederick in Saint John, New Brunswick. James Cook, portrait by Nathaniel Dance, c. ... Bathymetry of the Gulf, with the Laurentian Channel visible Gulf of Saint Lawrence (French: golfe du Saint-Laurent), the worlds largest estuary, is the outlet of North Americas Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Saint John[1] is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ...


He was promoted captain in 1759 and participated actively in the siege of Quebec, narrowly escaping death on one occasion when his boats were nearly run down by a schooner. 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner (IPA: ) is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ...


Wounded during the attack on Quebec, Holland was later employed in surveying the settled parts of the Saint Lawrence valley and in drawing up new plans for a citadel in Quebec after the French siege was lifted.


Surveyor General

In 1762, Holland took his maps to London where he submitted them to the Board of Trade, proposing a survey of all British possessions in North America in order to facilitate settlement, a proposal which was finally accepted in 1764. 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


On March 6 of that year, Holland was appointed surveyor general of Quebec. On March 23, he received instructions to survey all British possessions north of the Potomac River, which included St. John's Island, the Magdalen Islands and Cape Breton Island, because of their importance for the fisheries. The Potomac River flows into the Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... Magdalen Islands — location The Magdalen Islands (French, Îles de la Madeleine) form a small archipelago in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence with a land area of 205. ...


Holland arrived in October of 1764 on St. John's Island, later known as Prince Edward Island, after the territory was ceded to Britain by France under the Treaty of Paris in 1763. This task lasted two years. Holland's survey divided the island into a series of townships known as "lots", parishes, counties, and "royalties" (shire towns) in advance of a feudal land system which was established on the island over the following century. Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A parish is a subdivision of a diocese or bishopric within the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Church of Sweden, and of some other churches. ... Originally, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count (in Great Britain, an earl, though the original earldoms covered larger areas) by reason of that office. ... A shire town is another term for county seat or county town, meaning the place a countys government is based. ... Feudalism comes from the Late Latin word feudum, itself borrowed from a Germanic root *fehu, a commonly used term in the Middle Ages which means fief, or land held under certain obligations by feodati. ...


In 1767 he even proposed that British explorers look for a northwest passage from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, but the proposal was never taken into great consideration. 1767 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Holland was later given a parcel of land on the St. John's Island, Lot 28, settled by farmers. Holland charged very little as an absentee landlord.


Samuel Holland died at Quebec, Lower Canada in 1801. Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Flower Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor Linné) Tree Yellow Birch Bird Snowy Owl Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of... Lower Canada was a British colony in North America, at the downstream end of the Saint Lawrence River in the southern portion of the modern-day province of Quebec. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ...


Holland College, the community college system for Prince Edward Island, is named for him. Holland College is the provincial community college for the province of Prince Edward Island. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti The Small Protected By The Great) Official languages English Flower Ladys Slipper Tree Red Oak Bird Blue Jay Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor Barbara Oliver Hagerman Premier Pat Binns (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 4 4 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of...


Family Life

Holland had begun living in Quebec as early as 1762 with then 21-year old Marie-Joseph Rollet. Their first son, John Frederick, was born on St. John's Island.


Although his separation from Gertrude Hasse had been amicable, he had still payed her an annual allowance between 1756 to 1780. Following this, Hasse petitioned the British government in 1784 to force him to renew payments, but she was refused. 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


It is approximately around the time of 1772 that Holland's marriage to Rollet was contracted as legal and the couple would eventually establish a family of ten children.


External links

  • Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

Samuel Johannes Holland was baptized on 22 September 1729 in the small Lutheran Church in the Dutch town of Deventer in the Province of Overijssel.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Samuel Holland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (738 words)
Holland was born in 1728 in Nijmegen, Netherlands.
Holland arrived in October of 1764 on St. John's Island, later known as Prince Edward Island, after the territory was ceded to Britain by France under the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Holland's survey divided the island into a series of townships known as "lots", parishes, counties, and "royalties" (shire towns) in advance of a feudal land system which was established on the island over the following century.
Holland College - Why 'Holland' College (655 words)
Holland, a one-time resident of the Island and Canada’s first Surveyor General, received much acclaim for his use of new and innovative technology to conduct his surveys.
Holland was attached to the command of Brigadier James Wolfe and was charged with preparing studies of the waters in the vicinity of Louisberg.
Just as Samuel Holland was a leader during the development of his nation and a man who left his mark on Canadian history, so the learning institution named for him is a landmark in education.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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