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Encyclopedia > Samuel Alito Supreme Court nomination
President George W. Bush announces that Judge Samuel A. Alito, Jr. is his Supreme Court nomination during a press conference on October 31, 2005
President George W. Bush announces that Judge Samuel A. Alito, Jr. is his Supreme Court nomination during a press conference on October 31, 2005

On October 31, 2005, Samuel Alito was nominated by President George W. Bush for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States to replace the retiring Sandra Day O'Connor. Alito had been a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit since 1990 when he was appointed by President George H. W. Bush, until he was approved by the Senate on January 31, 2006, and sworn in to be the 110th Justice of the Supreme Court. ImageMetadata File history File links Bush-Alito-051031. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Bush-Alito-051031. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Associate Justices of the Supreme Court of the United States are the members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the Chief Justice of the United States. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judicial branch of the United States federal government. ... Sandra Day OConnor (born March 26, 1930) is an American jurist who served as the first female Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1981 to 2006. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts: District of Delaware District of New Jersey Western, Middle, and Eastern Districts of Pennsylvania District of the United States Virgin Islands The court is based at... This article is about the year. ... George Herbert Walker Bush GCB (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States of America serving from 1989 to 1993. ...

Contents

White House announcement and interviews

In announcing Alito's nomination, Bush stated, "He's scholarly, fair-minded and principled and these qualities will serve him well on the highest court in the land. [His record] reveals a thoughtful judge who considers the legal merits carefully and applies the law in a principled fashion. He has a deep understanding of the proper role of judges in our society. He understands judges are to interpret the laws, not to impose their preferences or priorities on the people." [1] Alito, in accepting the nomination, said, "Federal judges have the duty to interpret the Constitution and the laws faithfully and fairly, to protect the constitutional rights of all Americans, and to do these things with care and with restraint, always keeping in mind the limited role that the courts play in our constitutional system. And I pledge that if confirmed I will do everything within my power to fulfill that responsibility." [2]


Alito was initially interviewed for the job June 24, 2001, by then-White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales. He was again interviewed May 5, 2005, by Vice President Dick Cheney, Attorney General Gonzales, White House Chief of Staff Andy Card, Karl Rove, White House Counsel Harriet Miers and the Vice President's chief of staff, I. Lewis Libby. President Bush interviewed him in person on July 14, 2005. [3] June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2001. ... Alberto R. Gonzales (born August 4, 1955) is the 80th and current Attorney General of the United States, becoming the first Hispanic to serve in the position. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Andrew Hill Card Jr. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Harriet Miers Harriet Ellan Miers (born August 10, 1945 in Dallas, Texas) is an American lawyer, currently serving as White House Counsel. ... Lewis Scooter Libby I. Lewis Scooter Libby Jr. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Confirmation Hearing

On November 3, 2005, Senator Arlen Specter, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee outlined the prospective time line for the Alito hearing and voting, scheduling the Committee's opening statements for January 9, 2006, with the hearings expected to last five days. A committee vote was to be held on January 17, and the vote of the full Senate on the nomination was to be held January 20, which would have been nearly a month later than desired by President Bush, who had pushed for a confirmation vote to be held by Christmas. November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... The U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 17 is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday that marks the traditional birthdate of Jesus of Nazareth. ...


On January 9, Judiciary Committee members presented opening statements, and questioning by members began on January 10; questioning continued until January 12, after which witness statements continued until January 13. On January 16, Senator Specter's office announced that the committee vote would take place one week later than originally planned, on January 24, with the full Senate to take up debate on the nomination the following day. January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Day 2 (Jan. 10)

Committee Chairman Senator Arlen Specter (R-PA) addressed the unitary executive theory that gives the President free rein to interpret laws his way. He asked Alito about his understanding of the Truman Steel Seizure case -- Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer. Specter then asked about the (newly mentioned by Chief Justice John Roberts of the United States Supreme Court) theory of super precedent. In a humorous motion Arlen Specter said super-duper precedent as regards the Casey case. Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... In American political and legal discourse, the concept of the unitary executive -- which should not be confused with concepts of unitary government -- involves two facets: a procedural view of how the executive branch should operate, and a substantive view of the scope of executive power. ... Holding The President did not have the inherent authority to seize private property in the absence of either specifically enumerated authority under Article Two of the Constitution or statutory authority conferred on him by Congress. ...


Alito was questioned about his membership in the Concerned Alumni of Princeton, described by media reports as a racist, sexist organization that sought to restrict the admission of women and minorities to the private institution. When questioned by Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) about his involvement, Alito claimed to have no memory of being a member of the group. However, in his 1985 ‘Personal Qualifications Statement’ when applying to be an Assistant Attorney General, he listed his membership in CAP as a qualification. Leahy stated "I can't believe at age 35 when applying for a job" that he couldn't know. It was subsequently pointed out by several Senators that several alumni of Princeton, Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist (R-TN) and former Senator Bill Bradley (D-NJ) had publicly deplored the group's activity. Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT) pointed out that Alito was not an officer of CAP. He also asked Alito "Are you against the admission of women or minorities?" Alito replied "Absolutely not, Senator. No".[4] The Concerned Alumni of Princeton (CAP) was a group of politically conservative former Princeton University students that existed between 1972 and 1986. ... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... Official language(s) None[1] Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Orrin Grant Hatch (born March 22, 1934) is a Republican United States Senator from Utah, serving since 1977. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ...


Alito did not immediately recuse himself from a case involving the low-cost mutual-fund company The Vanguard Group. Senator Hatch addressed this issue. Senator Hatch quoted the ABA Standing Committee on Federal Judiciary after investigating the Vanguard nonrecusal as saying, "Judge Alito ... is of the highest ethical standing." Alito then was allowed to explain the facts of the Vanguard case. Alito asserted that he abided by Section 455 of Title 28. Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) reminded Alito that he had testified that he would recuse himself during his 3rd Circuit Court confirmation. Alito said that it was a pro se case (meaning it was not argued by a lawyer). He stated that the court handles pro se cases differently from cases argued by lawyers. He said that the recusal forms are different. The Vanguard case, he said, did not come to him with "clearance sheets," just the sides briefs. "When this case came to me, I didn't focus on recusal," he said. On appeal, a recusal motion came to him and he then stated that he had "gone to the Code" and did not feel he needed to recuse. He stated that he decided to recuse himself and requested that his decision on the case be vacated. He said that his procedure for pro se cases now uses red sheets for recusals, to avoid missing them. The Vanguard Group is an American investment management company that offers mutual funds and other financial products and services to individual investors and institutional investors in the United States and abroad. ... Edward Kennedy Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, (born February 22, 1932, in Brookline, Massachusetts) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Pro se is a Latin adjective meaning for self, that is applied to someone who represents himself (or herself) without a lawyer in a court proceeding, whether as a defendant or a plaintiff and whether the matter is civil or criminal. ...


Seeking to allay liberals' fears of creeping federalism that could hamstring Congress as in United States v. Lopez, Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL) asked Alito about the required interstate nexus before a federal statute can be applied. Alito explained that in his experience as United States Attorney, federal gun crime statutes can satisfy the required jurisdictional element by saying that the gun must have been transported in interstate commerce. Senator Sessions tried to do damage control over the controversial Garrett v. Alabama case that the conservative 5-4 majority used to grant more states' rights via their federalism jurisprudence holding that Congress may not grant a state citizen the right to sue his or her own state for money damages. Senator Sessions asked about Alito's views on the reading of foreign legal precedents, allowing Alito to express his support for Antonin Scalia's well-known opposition to the consideration of foreign law in crafting opinions by U.S. judges. Alito said "I don't think that foreign law is helpful in interpreting the Constitution... There are other legal issues that come up in which I think it's legitimate to look to foreign law." Holding Possession of a gun near a school is not an economic activity that has a substantial effect on interstate commerce. ... Jefferson Beauregard Jeff Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is the junior United States Senator from Alabama. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... United States Attorneys represent the U.S. federal government in United States district court. ... States rights refers to the idea that U.S. states possess certain rights and political powers in the politics of the United States and constitutional law. ... At the core, political federalism is a political philosophy in which a group or body of members are bound together (Latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. ... Jurisprudence is the theory and philosophy of law. ... Damages, in law has two different meanings. ...


Senator Sessions then allowed Alito to give his opinion on the case involving the strip search of a ten-year-old girl (Doe v. Groody) that opponents had highlighted as showing Alito's extreme deference to authority (in this case the right of the police to interpret a search warrant for a suspected drug dealer's premises as authorizing them to strip-search the man's wife and daughter). The Doe v. ...


Senator Sessions also highlighted Alito's ruling in favor of abortion rights in at least one case.


Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC) asked Alito questions about enemy combatants, and the Hamdi v. Rumsfeld and Rumsfeld v. Padilla cases. Graham asked whether there have ever been any cases in which a foreign non-citizen soldier/fighter brought suit in a U.S. court. Alito was asked whether any enemy prisoner of war ever brought a federal habeas corpus case. There were two cases, the Six Saboteurs, in re Quirin where even U.S. citizens are not entitled to federal courts but allowed only military tribunals. Then the second case involving six Germans caught assisting Japanese Eisentrager who were sent to Germany; they brought an unsuccessful habeas corpus case. They were held "not [in] U.S. territory". Graham said, "We don't let people trying to kill us sue us." Alito said that "[he] wouldn't put it" so strongly. Alito said that we also need to take note of Ex Parte Milligan from the Civil War. Senator Graham disagreed. Alito agreed with Senator Graham that the military has expertise on who is and who is not a prisoner of war. However, the treatment of detainees, according to Graham, is a different matter. Senator Graham asked whether Alito is proud of the fact that the USA is a signatory to the Geneva Convention. Senator Graham asked whether if someone were caught whether here or abroad a la Hamdan the Geneva Convention would give the prisoner a private right of action. Senator Graham pointed out that where he differed from some others is on the question of torture. Graham asked whether any President can disregard the federal statute against torture -- making it a crime -- even in war. Alito said "the President is not above the law." Lindsey Olin Graham (born July 9, 1955) is an American politician from South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... Holding U.S. citizens designated as enemy combatants by the Executive Branch have a right to challenge their detainment under the Due Process Clause. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Holding Suspension of habeas corpus is unconstitutional when civilian courts are still operating; the Constitution only provided for suspension of habeas corpus if civilian courts are actually forced closed. ... John Hancocks signature is the most prominent on the United States Declaration of Independence. ... The Geneva Conventions consist of treaties formulated in Geneva, Switzerland that set the standards for international law for humanitarian concerns. ... Salim Ahmed Hamdan is a Yemeni, captured during the invasion of Afghanistan. ... Implied cause of action is a term used in United States statutory and constitutional law for circumstances when a court will determine that a statute or provision that creates rights also supports a remedy that can be achieved through a lawsuit, even though no remedy is explicitly provided for in...


On the question of what a Strict constructionist is, Alito again agreed with Senator Graham, stating it was a judge who did not make it up. Senator Graham asked whether a President who interprets the Congressional authorization for the Use of Force as giving him the right to wire-tap without getting a FISA warrant is ... Sentor Graham said that his point a la Justice Jackson (in the Youngstown Sheet & Tube v. Sawyer case) was not aimed at Alito but "at the audience". Senator Graham is worried about the "chilling effect" of a President who goes too far, leaving Congress gun-shy about granting the executive branch the "Use of Force" (i.e. declining to pass a War Resolution). Graham hinted at the 60-vote requirement for breaking a so-called filibuster (actually invoking cloture)... super-duper precedent. Alito did not take the bait over whether any statute or rule could be made to overrule the simple majority that the Constitution requires for confirming a Supreme Court Justice. Strict constructionism is a philosophy of judicial interpretation and legal philosophy that limits judicial interpretation to the meanings of the actual words and phrases used in law, and not on other sources or inferences. ... A use of force doctrine is employed by police forces, as well as soldiers on guard duty, to regulate the actions of police and guards. ... FISA may be: Federation Internationale des Societes Aerophilateliques (International Federation of Aerophilatelic Societies) Fédération Internationale des Sociétés dAviron (International Federation of Rowing Associations) Fédération Internationale du Sport Automobile (Historically a subsidiary body of the FIA) Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, a statute in the... In a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... In parliamentary procedure, cloture (pr: KLO-cher) (also called closure, and sometimes a guillotine) is a motion or process aimed at bringing debate to a quick end. ...


Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY) asked Alito whether statements in his 1985 ‘Personal Qualifications Statement’ when applying to be an Assistant Attorney General under Pres. Ronald Reagan still represent his views at the time and also whether they represent his views today. Alito gave an evasive answer about stare decisis. Senator Schumer responded, stating that Alito had stated forthrightly that "the Constitution does not protect a right to an abortion". Senator Schumer said that "it's important that you (Alito) give an answer." Alito replied that if a case involving abortion rights came up, he would use a judicial process. Senator Schumer rejoined ... "I'm not asking about a process;.... Do you still believe it?" Senator Schumer remarked "I'm not asking you about case law". Senator Schumer then asked whether the "Constitution protects the right of free speech" whereupon Alito agreed. Senator Schumer then compared that question with the question of whether the Constitution protects the right to an abortion. Senator Schumer then made an elliptical comment about hypothetical in-laws. Senator Schumer said that he didn't expect Alito to answer the abortion question. Senator Schumer mentioned the National League of Cities v. Usery and how it was overruled by Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority and how Lawrence v. Texas overruled Bowers v. Hardwick and Brown v. Board of Education overruled Plessy v. Ferguson. So Alito agreed that stare decisis is not inviolate. Senator Schumer made allusions to Justice Clarence Thomas's views on stare decisis, which he claimed included a call for Buckley v. Valeo, Calder v. Bull and a long string of cases establishing Supreme Court precedent to be overturned. Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is a Jewish American politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Stare decisis (Latin: , Anglicisation: , to stand by things decided) is a Latin legal term, used in common law to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ... National League of Cities v. ... Garcia v. ... Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... Holding A Georgia law prohibiting sodomy was valid because there was no constitutionally protected right to engage in homosexual sodomy. ... Holding Racial segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ... Holding The separate but equal provision of public accommodations by state governments is constitutional under the Equal Protection Clause. ... Stare decisis (Latin: , Anglicisation: , to stand by things decided) is a Latin legal term, used in common law to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ... Holding --- Court membership Case opinions Laws applied --- Buckley v. ... The Case of Calder v. ... In law, a precedent or authority is a legal case establishing a principle or rule which a court may need to adopt when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts. ...


Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) characterized Senator Schumer's questioning as of the "When did you stop beating your wife?" style and remarked that if Senator Schumer can mention in-laws, he can mention a wife. Senator Cornyn said that the word "abortion" is not in the Constitution; Alito said, "The word that appears in the Constitution is liberty." He further claimed that "There is no express reference to privacy in the Constitution. But it is protected by the Fourth Amendment and in certain circumstances by the First Amendment and in certain circumstances by the Fifth and the 14th Amendments." John Cornyn III (born February 2, 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


Day 3 (Jan. 11)

Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL) pressed Alito to either agree or disagree with a statement by Chief Justice John Roberts that the 1973 Roe v. Wade decision was "settled law." Alito would not agree, stating that it was a matter that could come before the court, and that "it is an issue that is involved in litigation now at all levels." He did say, "When a decision is challenged and reaffirmed, it increases its value. The more times it happens, the more respect it has." Senator Durbin suggested there seemed to be inconsistency between Alito's unequivocal support for the unspecified right to desegregated schools in Brown v. Board of Education from the equal protection clause and his refusal to do the same for the Griswold case from the liberty clause. Durbin also questioned Alito further regarding his membership in Concerned Alumni for Princeton, and Alito again denied remembering any details about his membership in the organization. Richard Joseph Durbin, usually called Dick Durbin, (born November 21, 1944) is currently the senior United States Senator from Illinois and Democratic Whip, the second highest position in the party leadership in the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 0 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Holding Texas laws criminalizing abortion violated womens Fourteenth Amendment right to choose whether to continue a pregnancy. ... Holding Racial segregation of students in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, because separate facilities are inherently unequal. ...


Senator Sam Brownback (R-KS) countered with a recommendation from a former law clerk who was a member of the ACLU. On checks and balances Brownback then asked Alito about the power of Congress to limit the federal courts jurisdiction in the Exceptions Clause as in Ex Parte McCardle. Samuel Dale Sam Brownback (born September 12, 1956) is a United States senator from the state of Kansas. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... Ex Parte McCardle, 74 U.S. 506 (1868), is a United States Supreme Court decision that examines the extent of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court to review decisions of lower courts under federal statutory law. ...


Senator Herb Kohl (D-WI) cited a Washington Post analysis of 221 cases where there was a 2-1 judicial split in decisions on Civil Rights cases, which found that Alito sided against 3 out of every 4 plaintiffs who claimed discrimination, a much higher rate than that of similar judges. Alito said that the sample was skewed because most of the cases were from District Court where the plaintiff lost. This article refers to Sen. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... ...


Judiciary Committee Chairman Senator Arlen Specter (R-PA) and Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) had a heated exchange after Senator Kennedy called for the committee to subpoena records of the Concerned Alumni of Princeton (a controversial group of which Alito was a member). There was some argument between the two Senators over the fact that Senator Kennedy had previously made this request to Senator Specter via mail. This issue was later resolved during a recess when Senator Specter was reminded that he had dismissed it as "unmeritorious." William A. Rusher, one of CAP's founders and former publisher of National Review, released the CAP records later this day. Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... Edward Kennedy Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, (born February 22, 1932, in Brookline, Massachusetts) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... The Concerned Alumni of Princeton (CAP) was a group of politically conservative former Princeton University students that existed between 1972 and 1986. ... William A. Rusher (born 1923, Chicago, Illinois), lawyer, publisher, conservative activist. ... National Review (NR) is a biweekly magazine of political opinion, founded by author William F. Buckley Jr. ...


Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) told Alito that he was "concerned that you may be retreating from part of your record." Senator Leahy continued, "A number of us have been troubled by what we see as inconsistencies in some of the answers." Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... Official language(s) None[1] Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ...


Senator Mike DeWine (R-OH) then mentioned his concern on the Americans with Disabilities Act that the Olmsted case in 1999, where the Supreme Court held that the state must offer disabled people access to all public facilities and programs. Senator DeWine asked Alito if he would reconsider his decision in the earlier Helen L case in the motion for rehearing. Richard Michael Mike DeWine (born January 5, 1947) is an American politician from Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...


Senator DeWine asked about antitrust where many hospitals buy using GPOs (group purchasing organizations) to get discounts. This results in smaller companies having a hard time getting into the business. He asked about the famous bundling case 3M v. LePage case in which Alito dissented (the majority found against 3M). Senator DeWine then asked the great question of Constitutional Law, the fact that many clauses are written in the general terms of Unlawful Search and Seizure, Cruel and Unusual... how would he as a Justice know whether he was following the Constitution or whether he was making policy. Alito mentioned stare decisis and used the Terry stop search and administrative search and the border search as examples of how to follow what was done before. Stare decisis (Latin: , Anglicisation: , to stand by things decided) is a Latin legal term, used in common law to express the notion that prior court decisions must be recognized as precedents, according to case law. ...


Senator DeWine then mentioned the fact pattern of the Gilleo case where homeowners were restricted on the size and type of lawn signs that they could display. He asked Alito what factors he would use to decide how to restrict speech in the public square. Alito said that the Forum Doctrine has been developed to address speech in public. Senator DeWine asked about Commercial Speech in Pitt News where Alito struck down a local speech restricting rule. Alito said that sufficient tailoring was used as the standard for invalidating the ordinance that applied only to the Pitt News and not to other papers.


Day 4 (Jan. 12)

This scheduled final day of committee questioning began at 9:30 a.m. EST.


Senator Arlen Specter (R-PA) began by recounting the review of records relating to CAP by committee staff along with staff members of Sen. Kennedy. He noted that no mention of Judge Alito was found in any of the documents. The documents included contributor lists and subscriber lists for the organization's magazine, Prospect. The Senator also noted that the organization's founder stated, "I have no recollection of Samuel Alito at all. He certainly was not very heavily involved in CAP, if at all." He then yielded to Sen. Leahy for an opening statement before starting Senator Leahy's allotted time. Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... The Concerned Alumni of Princeton (CAP) was a group of politically conservative former Princeton University students that existed between 1972 and 1986. ...


Senator Patrick Leahy (D-VT) questioned Alito on subjects ranging from the death penalty to the right to die, later telling reporters "I continue to be worried -- and I pressed the questions again today, as I have all week long,...He is not clear that he would serve to protect America's fundamental rights." Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... Official language(s) None[1] Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ...


Senator Edward Kennedy (D-MA) began his questioning of Alito asking him about his comment that "The concept of a unitary executive does not have to do with the scope of executive power," asserting that this comment was contradictory to others made by Alito. Senator Kennedy again questioned Alito on his recusal list as a member of the Third Circuit Court of Appeals with regard to the Vanguard case. There is some dispute as to when the Vanguard companies were added to Alito's recusal list. Senator Kennedy went on to say "[Alito] has failed to give us any plausible explanation." Edward Kennedy Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, (born February 22, 1932, in Brookline, Massachusetts) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ...


Senator Joe Biden (D-DE) initiated his allotted twenty mintues of questioning by asking Alito if the President has the authority to "invade Iran tomorrow without getting permission from the people, from the United States Congress, absent him being able to show there's an immediate threat to our national security?" Alito responded to Senator Biden's questioning with "... what I can tell you is that I have not studied these authorities and it is not my practice to just express an opinion on a constitutional question including particularly one that is as momentous as this." Joseph Robinette Joe Biden, Jr. ... This article is about one of the states in the United States of America. ...


Senator Herb Kohl (D-WI) asked Alito "do you think that the courts need to consider public opinion when deciding cases?" -- to which he responded "I think that the courts were structured the way they are so that they would not decide their cases based on public opinion." Senator Kohl went on to ask "Should judges be term-limited? Should judges, at least, be age-limited?" Alito responded "I didn't think we should look to foreign law in interpreting our Constitution, [but] I don't see a problem in looking to the practices of foreign countries in the way they organize their constitutional courts." When asked how he differs from Justice O'Connor Alito said "I would try to emulate her dedication and her integrity and her dedication to the case-by-case process of adjudication, which is what I think the Supreme Court and the other federal courts should carry out. I think that is a central feature of best traditions of our judicial system." This article refers to Sen. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked...


Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) questioned Alito on the separation of powers and the Constitutional limits on executive authority. The questioning of Alito continued with Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA), Senator Russ Feingold (D-WI), and Senator Charles Schumer (D-NY). After a brief recess, questioning continued with Senator Jeff Sessions (R-AL), Senator Richard Durbin (D-IL), Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC), and Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) yielding their time before going into closed executive session. Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born June 22, 1933) is a Democratic U.S. Senator from California, an office she has held since 1992. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Charles Ernest Chuck Grassley (born September 17, 1933) is the senior United States Senator from Iowa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Russell Dana Russ Feingold (born March 2, 1953) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is a Jewish American politician. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Jefferson Beauregard Jeff Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is the junior United States Senator from Alabama. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ... Richard Joseph Durbin, usually called Dick Durbin, (born November 21, 1944) is currently the senior United States Senator from Illinois and Democratic Whip, the second highest position in the party leadership in the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 0 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Lindsey Olin Graham (born July 9, 1955) is an American politician from South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... John Cornyn III (born February 2, 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... An executive session is a portion of the Senates daily session in which it considers executive business. ...


Witness Testimony

Witness testimony began with the ABA Standing Committee on Federal Judiciary after the scheduled lunch recess at 2:30 p.m. EST.


Day 5 (Jan. 13)

Witness testimony continued.


Senate Debate

On January 24th, 2006, the Judiciary Committee voted on a straight partisan line, 10-8, to send Alito's nomination to the full Senate. The U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. ...


The Democratic Senators from Massachusetts, John Kerry and Ted Kennedy, attempted to gain support for a filibuster of the nominee, however they gained little support even within their own party. The Senate voted for cloture on the nomination 72-25. Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... In parliamentary procedure, cloture (pr: KLO-cher) (also called closure, and sometimes a guillotine) is a motion or process aimed at bringing debate to a quick end. ...


The Senate voted 58-42 on Tuesday, January 31, to confirm Alito as the 110th Justice of the Supreme Court. All but one of the 55 Senate Republicans voted to confirm Alito, as well as four Democrats: Senator Ben Nelson (D-NE), Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV), Senator Tim Johnson (D-SD), and Senator Kent Conrad (D-ND). Forty-two Senators voted against Alito's confirmation (40 Democrats, Lincoln Chafee (R-RI), and Jim Jeffords (I-VT)). Earl Benjamin Ben Nelson (born May 17, 1941 in McCook, Nebraska) is an American politician from Nebraska, where he was born and has lived for most of his life. ... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917 in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina), a Democrat, is West Virginias senior United States Senator. ... Wikinews has news related to: U.S. Senator Tim Johnson hospitalized Timothy Peter (Tim) Johnson (born December 28, 1946, in Canton, South Dakota; raised in Vermillion, S.D.) is the senior United States Senator from South Dakota, and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Kent Conrad (born on March 12, 1948) is a United States senator from North Dakota. ... Lincoln Davenport Chafee (IPA pronunciation: , [CHAY-fee]) (born March 26, 1953) is a Republican United States Senator from Rhode Island. ... James Merrill Jim Jeffords (born May 11, 1934 in Rutland, Vermont) is currently the junior U.S. Senator from Vermont and the only Independent in the United States Senate. ...


Nomination issues

Conflict of interest question

On a questionnaire for the Senate Judiciary Committee in his third circuit court-of-appeals confirmation process in 1990, Alito said he would avoid a conflict of interest by not voting on cases involving First Federal Savings & Loan of Rochester, NY, and two investment firms, Smith Barney and Vanguard Group, because he held accounts with them. However, in 2002, Alito upheld a lower court's dismissal of a lawsuit filed against multiple investment company defendants, including Vanguard Group. When notified of the situation, Alito denied doing anything improper but recused himself from further involvement in the case. The case was reheard with the new panel coming to the same conclusion. The U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. ... This article is about the year. ... A conflict of interest is a situation in which someone in a position of trust, such as a lawyer, a politician, or an executive or director of a corporation, has competing professional or personal interests. ... There is also a Rochester in Ulster County, New York; for that town see Rochester, Ulster County, New York. ... Smith Barney is an American-based global stock brokerage and asset management services company owned by Citigroup. ... The Vanguard Group is an American investment management company that offers mutual funds and other financial products and services to individual investors and institutional investors in the United States and abroad. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... An investment company is a company whose main business is holding securities of other companies purely for investment purposes. ... The Vanguard Group is an American investment management company that offers mutual funds and other financial products and services to individual investors and institutional investors in the United States and abroad. ...


On November 10, Judge Alito wrote to Senator Specter, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, explaining his participation in the case [5]. He said that when he had originally listed Vanguard and Smith Barney in 1990, "my intention was to state that I would never knowingly hear a case where a conflict of interest existed. [...] As my service continued, I realized that I had been unduly restrictive." November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... The U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary (informally Senate Judiciary Committee) is a standing committee of the United States Senate, the upper house of the United States Congress. ... This article is about the year. ...


During witness testimony of Alito's confirmation hearings witness John Payton (member of the American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Federal Judiciary) testified "In the end, he did acknowledge that it was his responsibility that a mistake and error had been made. Those cases should have been caught and he should have not heard those cases." American Bar Associations Washington, DC office The American Bar Association (ABA) is a voluntary bar association of lawyers and law students, which is not specific to any jurisdiction in the United States. ...


Filibuster

Some liberal Democrat Senators who opposed the Alito nomination considered using a filibuster option in the attempt to block the nomination. Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) said "The filibuster's on the table." While other Senators warned not to rush to a decision, Dick Durbin (D-IL) said "I don't think we should assume that's going to happen at all." He added, "Ordinarily it takes six to eight weeks to evaluate a Supreme Court nominee. We shouldn't rush to judgment." In a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ... Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and the current junior U.S. Senator from the State of California. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Richard Joseph Durbin (born November 21, 1944) is an American politician. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 0 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ...


At the conclusion of the confirmation hearings, January 12, the threat of a filibuster appeared to grow more remote as Durbin called a filibuster attempt "unlikely". Judiciary Committee member Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) said, "I do not see a likelihood of a filibuster...This might be a man I disagree with, but it doesn't mean he shouldn't be on the court."[6] She changed her position on January 27th, saying that she would vote no for cloture. [7] Fellow Judiciary Committee member Joe Biden (D-DE) admitted, "I think he is going to be confirmed." Other Democrats such as Mary Landrieu (D-LA), Ken Salazar (D-CO), Daniel Akaka (D-HI), and Byron Dorgan (D-ND), however, said they would not support a filibuster, though they all voted against confirmation.[8][9] In addition, Senators Mark Pryor (D-AR), Kent Conrad (D-ND), and Joe Biden (D-DE) indicated that they did not support a filibuster. [10] [11] Later, however, Joe Biden announced on the 29th that he would vote no for cloture. January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born June 22, 1933) is a Democratic U.S. Senator from California, an office she has held since 1992. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about one of the states in the United States of America. ... Mary Loretta Landrieu (born November 23, 1955) is the senior Democratic United States Senator for the state of Louisiana. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician, rancher, and environmentalist from the U.S. state of Colorado. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Daniel Kahikina Dan Akaka (Chinese: 阿卡卡 李碩, Hanyu pinyin: akaka lishuo) (born September 11, 1924) is a U.S. Senator from HawaiÊ»i and a member of the Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Byron Leslie Dorgan (born May 14, 1942) is the junior United States Senator from North Dakota. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Mark Lunsford Pryor (born January 10, 1963) is a politician in Arkansas. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Area  Ranked 29th  - Total 53,179 sq mi (137,732 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 261 miles (420 km)  - % water 2. ... Kent Conrad (born on March 12, 1948) is a United States senator from North Dakota. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Joseph Robinette Joe Biden, Jr. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about one of the states in the United States of America. ...


Senator John Kerry (D-MA) called for a filibuster to block Alito's nomination on Thursday, January 26. Despite the support of his fellow Massachusetts Senator, Ted Kennedy (D-MA), Senator Hillary Clinton (D-NY).[12][13][14] and Harry Reid (D-NV), the top Democrat in the Senate, other Democrats were afraid the measure would backfire and were cautious to support it. Just one day after Senator Kerry's call for a filibuster, Senator Reid further stated that the Democrats did not have the votes needed to sustain a filibuster to block the confirmation of Samuel Alito. "We're going to have a vote Tuesday morning," Reid said. "Everyone knows there are not enough votes to support a filibuster."[15][16] John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Hillary Clinton Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947), was First Lady of the United States from 1993 to 2001, as the wife of President Bill Clinton. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party, for which he serves as Senate Minority Leader. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party, for which he serves as Senate Minority Leader. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ...


A motion to invoke cloture and end debate was made on Friday, January 27, and passed on Monday, January 30 by a vote of 72-24 with four senators not voting (including Republican John Ensign, who had been injured in a car accident earlier that day). All of the members of the Gang of Fourteen voted for cloture with the majority. The final confirmation vote occurred on Tuesday, January 31st, with the nomination approved by a vote of 58 to 42. In parliamentary procedure, cloture (pr: KLO-cher) (also called closure, and sometimes a guillotine) is a motion or process aimed at bringing debate to a quick end. ... John Eric Ensign (born March 25, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Nevada. ... The Gang of 14 (sometimes called the Mod Squad, with mod standing for moderate) was a term coined to describe the bipartisan group of moderate Senators who successfully negotiated a compromise to avoid the deployment of the so-called nuclear option over the organized use of the filibuster by Senate...


American Bar Association Rating

Alito was rated by the American Bar Association as “Well Qualified”, which is the ABA's highest recommendation. In a letter to the Judiciary Committee, Chair of the ABA Standing Committee on Federal Judiciary, Stephen Tober reviewed Alito's failure to recuse himself in Vanguard and Smith Barney matters, and a third case where a conflict was alleged. Tober concluded: American Bar Associations Washington, DC office The American Bar Association (ABA) is a voluntary bar association of lawyers and law students, which is not specific to any jurisdiction in the United States. ...

We accept [Alito's] explanation and do not believe these matters reflect adversely on him... On the basis of our interviews with Judge Alito and with well over 300 judges, lawyers, and members of the legal community nationwide, all of whom know Judge Alito professionally, the Standing Committee concluded that Judge Alito is an individual of excellent integrity.

Reaction to the nomination

Support

Gary Bauer, president of the conservative American Values Coalition, has said "Any Republican senator who abandons this conservative nominee should be considered disqualified as a future presidential or vice presidential candidate." "The nomination of Harriet Miers has split conservatives unlike anything I can remember. The debate will not end, in fact it will become more intense." Gary L. Bauer (born May 4, 1946, in Covington, Kentucky) is an American civil servant and conservative politician notable for his ties to several evangelical Christian groups and campaigns. ...


"Harriet Miers was a feminist who had no judicial experience and her strongest qualification was that she's a friend of the president's. Alito has a terribly impressive record as a judge and as a prosecutor," said Phyllis Schlafly, Eagle Forum president. Phyllis Schlafly (born on August 15, 1924, in St. ... Eagle Forum , founded in 1972, is a conservative political organization that serves chiefly as the institutional alter ego of activist Phyllis Schlafly. ...


Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist (R-TN), when asked about a possible filibuster by Senate Democrats, said, "If the Democrats are looking for a fight, we'll be up for the fight. We won't back down. ... We're gonna get an up or down vote on the Senate floor and if the Democrats want a fight, they'll get one." Frist also said, "Judge Alito is unquestionably qualified to serve on our nation's highest court. And on the bench, he has displayed a judicial philosophy marked by judicial restraint and respect for the limited role of the judiciary to interpret the law and not legislate from the bench." The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... William Harrison Bill Frist, Sr. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... In a legislature or other decision making body, a filibuster is an attempt to extend debate upon a proposal in order to delay or completely prevent a vote on its passage. ...


Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC) affirmed that if the Democrats attempt to block the confirmation of Judge Alito, "the filibuster will not stand." Lindsey Olin Graham (born July 9, 1955) is an American politician from South Carolina. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35...


Senator Orrin Hatch (R-UT): "President Bush has hit a home run by selecting Sam Alito. Anyone would be hard-pressed to name another nominee with such a sterling and distinguished record. Judge Alito believes the law — not the judge — should determine the results in a case. Judges are not politicians, and my Senate colleagues would do well to remember this standard as they consider this outstanding pick." Orrin Grant Hatch (born March 22, 1934) is a Republican United States Senator from Utah, serving since 1977. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ...


Senator Sam Brownback, (R-KS): "I commend the president and congratulate Judge Alito on this nomination, and I look forward to the upcoming confirmation hearing, during which members of the Judiciary Committee will have a robust and, I hope, civil dialogue with the nominee about the meaning of the Constitution and the role of the courts in American life." Samuel Dale Sam Brownback (born September 12, 1956) is a United States senator from the state of Kansas. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Secretary of Homeland Security Michael Chertoff: "He's a believer in the fact that a judge has a limited role to play and has a responsibility to play the role in an honest fashion — that you're not supposed to substitute your personal judgments for what the law is." The United States Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the body concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Michael Chertoff Michael Chertoff (born November 28, 1953) is the current United States Secretary of Homeland Security. ...


Senator John Cornyn, (R-TX): "Since Justice O'Connor announced her resignation, the president has engaged in unprecedented consultation with the United States Senate. It is now the responsibility of the Senate to consider this nomination in a thorough and timely fashion." John Cornyn III (born February 2, 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


Senator David Vitter, (R-LA): "He has impeccable legal credentials and a well-grounded conservative judicial philosophy - just what so many, including me, consider most important." David Bruce Vitter (born May 3, 1961), American politician, is a Senator from Louisiana. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


James Dobson, leader of the conservative religious organization Focus on the Family, said he was "extremely pleased," and the anti-abortion group Operation Rescue declared that the country was on "the fast-track to derailing Roe v. Wade as the law of the land." James Dobson The image above is believed to be a replaceable fair use image. ... Focus on the Family (FOTF or FotF), founded in 1977, is a Christian non-profit organization based in the United States. ... Holding Texas laws criminalizing abortion violated womens Fourteenth Amendment right to choose whether to continue a pregnancy. ...


Pat Robertson, a conservative Southern Baptist televangelist, called the nomination a "grand-slam home run." Marion Gordon Pat Robertson (born March 22, 1930) is a televangelist from the United States. ... The Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) is a United States-based cooperative ministry agency serving Baptist churches around the world. ... In the USA, a televangelist (television evangelist) is a religious minister (often a Christian priest or minister) who devotes a large portion of his (or her) ministry to TV broadcasts to a regular viewing and listening audience. ... In baseball, a grand slam is a home run hit with all the bases occupied, thereby scoring 4 runs, which is the most possible on a single play. ... In baseball, a home run is a base hit in which the batter is able to circle all the bases, ending at home plate and scoring a run himself (along with a run scored by each runner who was already on base), with no errors by the defensive team on...


Senator Ben Nelson (D-NE) has said he was impressed by what he heard from Alito during his introductory visit. "He assured me that he wants to go to the bench without a political agenda." Earl Benjamin Ben Nelson (born May 17, 1941 in McCook, Nebraska) is an American politician from Nebraska, where he was born and has lived for most of his life. ... Official language(s) English Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Largest metro area Omaha Area  Ranked 16th  - Total 77,421 sq mi (200,520 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 0. ...


Senator Tim Johnson (D-SD) has said that he will vote to confirm Alito. Johnson is the second Democrat to publicly state that he will vote in favor of confirmation.[17] Wikinews has news related to: U.S. Senator Tim Johnson hospitalized Timothy Peter (Tim) Johnson (born December 28, 1946, in Canton, South Dakota; raised in Vermillion, S.D.) is the senior United States Senator from South Dakota, and a member of the Democratic Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,163 sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. Senator from South Dakota. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ...


Senator Robert Byrd (D-WV) has said that he will vote to confirm Alito. Byrd is the third Democrat to publicly state that he will vote in favor of confirmation. Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917 in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina), a Democrat, is West Virginias senior United States Senator. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917 in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina), a Democrat, is West Virginias senior United States Senator. ...


Senator Kent Conrad (D-ND) has announced that he is "leaning in favor of voting for" the conservative judge. "It is clear to me that a majority of the American people and the people I represent support his confirmation," he said after meeting with Alito in his office.[18] Kent Conrad (born on March 12, 1948) is a United States senator from North Dakota. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ...


Opposition

Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) claims Bush "has chosen to reward one faction of his party, at the risk of dividing the country." He further says the Miers nomination exposed a "right-wing litmus test" for Supreme Court nominees. Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas (R) Senators Patrick Leahy (D) Jim Jeffords (I) Official languages None Area 24,923 km² (43th)  - Land 23,974 km²  - Water 949 km² (3. ...


Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) has said "This appointment ignores the value of diverse backgrounds and perspectives on the Supreme Court. The president has chosen a man to replace Sandra Day O'Connor, one of only two women on the court. For the third time, he has declined to make history by nominating the first Hispanic to the court." Reid also said the Senate would give Alito "an especially long hard look by the Senate because of what happened last week to Harriet Miers." He went on to say "Conservative activists forced Miers to withdraw from consideration for this same Supreme Court seat because she was not radical enough for them. Now the Senate needs to find out if the man replacing Miers is too radical for the American people." He went on to say "President Bush would leave the Supreme Court looking less like America and more like an old boys' club." The Senate Minority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesmen for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party, for which he serves as Senate Minority Leader. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Hispanic world Hispanic (Spanish Hispano, from Latin Hispānus, adjective from Hispānia, Iberian Peninsula) is a term denoting a derivation from Spain, its people and culture. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ...


Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) has said that she would vote against the nomination fearing that "he [Alito] would be more conservative" than Chief Justice Roberts. On CBS' Face the Nation, Feinstein said that it would be unlikely for a filibuster of his nomination. Dianne Goldman Berman Feinstein (born June 22, 1933) is a Democratic U.S. Senator from California, an office she has held since 1992. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


Sen. Charles Schumer (D-NY) has said "It is sad that the president felt he had to pick a nominee likely to divide America instead of choosing a nominee in the mold of Sandra Day O'Connor, who would unify us." Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is a Jewish American politician. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ...


Sen. Barack Obama (D-IL) has said "Though I will reserve judgment on how I will vote on Judge Alito's nomination until after the hearings, I am concerned that President Bush has wasted an opportunity to appoint a consensus nominee in the mold of Sandra Day O'Connor and has instead made a selection to appease the far right-wing of the Republican Party." [19] Obama redirects here. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ...


Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA) stated: "I believe this nomination is aimed at appeasing the most right-wing elements of the president's political base." Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and the current junior U.S. Senator from the State of California. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


Sen. Debbie Stabenow (D-MI) in a meeting surrounded by Democratic Senate Judiciary Members, she attacked Alito's stance on many controversial rulings, including the strip search of a 10 year old girl, seizing a dairy farmer's land with force, and the shooting of a 7 year old boy. Deborah Ann Debbie Stabenow (born April 29, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Wolverine State, The Great Lakes State Other U.S. States Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm (D) Senators Carl Levin (D) Debbie Stabenow (D) Official languages English de-facto Area 250,941 km² (11th)  - Land 147,255 km²  - Water 103,687 km² (41. ...


Sen. Ted Kennedy (D-MA) stated: "Rather than selecting a nominee for the good of the nation and the court, President Bush has picked a nominee who he hopes will stop the massive hemorrhaging of support on his right wing. This is a nomination based on weakness, not strength." Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Senators Edward Kennedy (D) John Kerry (D) Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...


Sen. John Kerry (D-MA) stated: “Every American should be deeply concerned that the far right wing which prevented Harriet Miers from even receiving a Senate hearing is celebrating Judge Alito’s nomination and urging the Senate to rubber-stamp the swing vote on our rights and liberties. Has the right wing now forced a weakened President to nominate a divisive justice in the mold of Antonin Scalia?"[20] John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Senators Edward Kennedy (D) John Kerry (D) Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ...


House Minority Leader Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) stated:"Last week after Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination, I asked the President: Who was in charge? Today, the President answered: the radical conservative right is in charge of this Administration." The Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority counterpart to the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives. ... Nancy Patricia DAlesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is the House Minority Leader of the 109th Congress of the United States and will likely be the Speaker of the House for the 110th Congress. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


"Judge Alito is exactly the far-right nominee that the Republican Party's reactionary wing demanded after it 'Borked' Harriet Miers. Judge Alito is to the right of the existing Supreme Court on abortion, and he's to the right of all nine justices, even Scalia and Thomas, in advocating an extremely high burden of proof for employment discrimination cases," said Scott Moss, Marquette University Law School professor. Robert Bork Robert Heron Bork (born March 1, 1927 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a conservative American legal scholar who advocates the judicial philosophy of originalism. ... Marquette University is a private, coeducational, Jesuit, Roman Catholic university located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in the United States of America. ...


"Judge Alito would undermine basic reproductive rights, and Planned Parenthood will oppose his confirmation," said Karen Pearl, interim president. "It is outrageous that President Bush would replace a moderate conservative like Justice O'Connor with a conservative hardliner." Planned Parenthood is the collective name of organizations worldwide who are members of the International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF). ...


Kate Michelman, former president of NARAL Pro-Choice America, remarked that "the gauntlet has been, I think, thrown down." NARAL Pro-Choice America (pronounced Nay-ral) is a United States group that favors reproductive rights, including the right to legal abortion, and engages in political action to oppose restrictions on abortion and expand access to abortion. ...


"NARAL Pro-Choice America announced its opposition to President Bush’s nomination of Samuel Alito, Jr. to replace retiring Justice Sandra Day O’Connor. In choosing Alito, President Bush gave in to the demands of his far-right base and is attempting to replace the moderate O’Connor with someone who would move the court in a direction that threatens fundamental freedoms, including a woman’s right to choose as guaranteed by Roe v. Wade." NARAL Press Release NARAL Pro-Choice America (pronounced Nay-ral) is a United States group that favors reproductive rights, including the right to legal abortion, and engages in political action to oppose restrictions on abortion and expand access to abortion. ...


The National Association of Women Lawyers "determined that Judge Alito is not qualified to serve on the Court from the perspective of laws and decisions regarding women's rights or that have a special impact on women."[21]


"Justice O'Connor has provided more than a swing vote," said Steven R. Shapiro, the ACLU's National Legal Director. "She has been a moderating voice on critical civil liberties issues ranging from race to religion to reproductive freedom. Judge Alito’s position on each of these issues has been more hostile to civil liberties than positions taken by Justice O'Connor. His nomination therefore calls into question the court’s delicate balance that Justice O'Connor has helped to shape and preserve."[22] The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ...


Senator Lincoln Chafee (R-RI) stated on January 30, 2006, "I am a pro-choice, pro-environment, pro-Bill of Rights Republican, and I will be voting against this nomination."[23] Lincoln Davenport Chafee (IPA pronunciation: , [CHAY-fee]) (born March 26, 1953) is a Republican United States Senator from Rhode Island. ... January 30 is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI), a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Related documents

  • Response to a Senate Judiciary Committee questionnaire [24](Nov. 30 2005) (PDF), (Appendix1 Appendix2 Appendix3 Appendix4)
  • ‘Personal Qualifications Statement’ when applying to be an Assistant Attorney General under Pres. Ronald Reagan. [25] (Nov. 15, 1985)
  • Legal Memo written as Deputy Asst. Attorney General to the OMB’s General Counsel regarding OMB authority of FDIC funds. [26] (1986) (PDF)
  • House Committee on the Judiciary testimony regarding unpublished court opinions. [27](1990) (PDF)
  • 2004 Financial Disclosure [28]
  • 2003 Financial Disclosure [29]

Additional information

Some who claimed he was ideologically similar to United States Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonin Scalia nicknamed him "Scalito," (a portmanteau of "Scalia" and "Alito" that appears to have originated in a 1992 National Law Journal article). The National Italian American Foundation (a group that has supported the House Minority Leader Rep. Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) Nancy Pelosi, an Italian-American) has claimed the use of the "Scalito" nickname "marginalizes [Alito's] outstanding record." [30] Antonin Gregory Scalia (born March 11, 1936) is an American jurist and the second most senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The National Law Journal, a periodical founded in 1980, provides timely legal information of national importance to attorneys, including federal circuit court decisions, verdicts, practitioners columns, coverage of legislative issues, and legal news for the business and private sectors. ... The National Italian American Foundation (NIAF) is the major advocate in Washington, DC for nearly 25 million Italian Americans, the nations fifth largest ethnic group. ... The Minority Leader of the United States House of Representatives serves as floor leader of the opposition party, and is the minority counterpart to the Majority Leader of the United States House of Representatives. ... Nancy Patricia DAlesandro Pelosi (born March 26, 1940) is the House Minority Leader of the 109th Congress of the United States and will likely be the Speaker of the House for the 110th Congress. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ...


Notes

  1.   Alito's statements
  2.   Trias Politica
  3.   Possible view Bush administration

... Media Matters for America is a non-profit organization founded by former conservative (now liberal activist) David Brock to refute and/or otherwise analyze conservative influence on the media. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... The Guardian is a British newspaper owned by the Guardian Media Group. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... The separation of powers (or trias politica, a term coined by French political Enlightenment thinker Montesquieu) is a model for the governance of democratic states. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... The Huffington Post is a group weblog and news site started by Arianna Huffington on May 9, 2005. ...

References

Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former The New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...

External links

Transcripts & Video

Profiles

  • Official White House biography
  • Washington Post Profile
  • Profile of his legal resume, CNN
  • Federal Judicial Center profile
  • Profile from Law.com
  • US News profile

The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...

Analysis

  • SCOTUSblog analysis
  • Personal views on Judge Alito
  • People For The American Way's Preliminary Review of Judge Alito- a liberal group's analysis (PDF).
  • JudgeAlito.com- A conservative group's (Progress for America) supportive website
  • Christian Science Monitor - Battle for the court begins
  • Reuters.com "Alito a conservative like Scalia"
  • Better Luck This Time: Why Alito is Hard to Beat, JURIST
  • Why Feminists and Liberals Have Nothing to Fear from Judge Alito, JURIST
  • Judging Alito: The US Supreme Court Selection System on Trial, JURIST
  • Alito Day 1: Of Kabuki Dances and Subtle Minuets, JURIST
  • Alito Day 2: Strange Adventures in the Twilight Zone, JURIST
  • Alito Day 3: Effective Equanimity, JURIST
  • Alito Day 4: Polarized Politics and Judicial Confirmations, JURIST
  • Hollow Ritual: The Alito Confirmation Hearings, JURIST

A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ...

Research

  • U.S. Supreme Court Nominee Samuel A. Alito, Jr., LawMoose
  • Samuel Alito, JURIST
  • Supreme Court Zeitgeist- News, blog entries, and links about the Alito nomination
  • Scholarly paper, "Presidential Strategies in Supreme Court Justice Selection"
  • National Archives Alito links
  • Cassata, Donna. Alito Argued to Overturn Roe in 1985 Memo. The Associated Press. Retrieved December 23,2005.
  • Alito's 1985 Memo on Roe v. Wade.

LawMoose launched in September, 2000, is believed to have been the first U.S. regional legal search engine operating its own independent web crawler. ... A jurist is a professional who studies, develops, applies or otherwise deals with the law. ...

Partisan

  • People For The American Way's Preliminary Review of Judge Alito — a liberal group's analysis (PDF).
  • JudgeAlito.com — A conservative group's (Progress for America) supportive website
  • MoveOn PAC petitions to stop Alito
  • Center for American Progress: Alito's America
  • John Kerry: Standing Firm on Alito
  • Planetary Movement: Alito & Opus Dei

  Results from FactBites:
 
Samuel Alito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3561 words)
Alito was nominated by George H. Bush on February 20, 1990 to the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
Alito was confirmed unanimously to the 3rd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia in 1990.
The court's opinion found that the warrant did not grant such permission, arguing that references to the affidavit in the Warrant were specific and the omission of the language in question from the warrant was not found to be the result of an error, clerical or otherwise.
SCOTUSblog (10233 words)
The Supreme Court has tentatively settled on Wednesday, March 1, in an afternoon session, for the two-hour hearing on the four cases testing the validity of the 2003 Texas congressional redistricting plan, according to individuals informed of the Court's planning.
The Supreme Court took on the case because lower courts had taken widely varying positions on the standards to be used on attorneys' fees claims in the situation at issue.
The Supreme Court agreed on Monday to clarify the constitutional duty of states to allow evidence of insanity to be used as a defense in criminal cases.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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