FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Samuel Ajayi Crowther
Samuel Adjai Crowther, Bishop, Niger Territory, Oct. 19 1888 (from Page, p. iii)
Samuel Adjai Crowther, Bishop, Niger Territory, Oct. 19 1888 (from Page, p. iii)

Bishop Samuel Adjai (Ajayi) Crowther (c. 1809 - December 31, 1891) was a linguist and the first African Anglican bishop in Nigeria. Born in Osogun, Yorubaland (in today's Iseyin Local Government, Oyo State, Nigeria), Rev. Dr. Samuel Ajayi Crowther was a member of the Yoruba ethnic group but was also a Sierra Leone Liberated African. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (509 × 776 pixel, file size: 476 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Samuel Adjai Crowter, Bishop, Niger Territory Oct. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 393 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (509 × 776 pixel, file size: 476 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Samuel Adjai Crowter, Bishop, Niger Territory Oct. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Ọyọ State is an inland state in south-western Nigeria, with its capital at Ibadan. ... The Yoruba (Yorùbá in Yoruba orthography) are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa; the majority of them speak the Yoruba language (èdèe Yorùbá; èdè = language). ...


Ajayi was a 12-year old boy when he was captured, along with his mother and toddler brother, by Muslim Fulani slave raiders in 1821 and sold to Portuguese slave traders. Before leaving port, his ship was boarded by the British Navy, and Crowther was taken to Freetown, Sierra Leone and released. While there, Crowther was cared for by the Anglican Church Missionary Society, who taught him English. He converted to Christianity, was baptized by Rev. John Raban, and took the name Samuel Crowther in 1825. While in Freetown, Crowther became interested in languages. In 1826 he was taken to England to attend Islington Parish School. He returned to Freetown in 1827 and attended the newly-opened Fourah Bay College, an Anglican missionary school, where his interest in language found him studying Latin and Greek but also Temne. After completing his studies he began teaching at the school. He also married Asano Susan, a schoolmistress, who was also on the Portuguese slave ship that originally brought Crowther to Sierra Leone. Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Slave redirects here. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Freetown, population 1,070,200 (2004), is the capital and largest city of Sierra Leone. ... The Church Mission Society (formerly the Church Missionary Society) is a voluntary society working with the Anglican Church and other Protestant Christians around the world. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Year 1825 (MDCCCXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Islington (disambiguation). ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Fourah Bay College (founded in 1827 as the first western-style university in West Africa) is a university in Fourah Bay, Freetown, Sierra Leone under the banner of the University of Sierra Leone (from 1966 to 2005) and formerly affiliated with Durham University (from 1876 - 1967). ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Temne (also known as Themne or Timne) is a Southern Atlantic language spoken in Sierra Leone by about one million first language speakers, or some 30% of the country’s population. ... Slave ships were cargo boats specially converted for the purpose of transporting slaves, especially newly captured African slaves. ...


In 1841 Crowther was selected to accompany the missionary J.F.Schön on an expedition along the Niger River. Together with Schön, he was expected to learn Hausa for use on the expedition. The goal of the expedition was to spread commerce, teach agricultural techniques, spread Christianity, and help end the slave trade. Following the expedition, Crowther was recalled to England, where he was trained as a minister and ordained by the bishop of London. He returned to Africa in 1843 and with Henry Townsend, opened a mission in Abeokuta, in today's Ogun State, Nigeria. 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Map of Niger River with Niger River basin in green The Niger River is the principal river of western Africa, extending over 2500 miles (about 4180 km). ... Hausa is the Chadic language with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 24 million people, and as a second language by about 15 million more. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Henry Townsend can refer to: Henry Townsend, Anglican missionary Henry Townsend, blues guitarist This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Location of Abeokuta in Nigeria Abeokuta is a city of southwest Nigeria, situated at , on the Ogun river, 64 miles north of Lagos by railway, or 81 miles by water. ... Ogun State is a state in South-western Nigeria. ...


Rev. Dr. Crowther began translating the Bible into the Yoruba language and compiling a Yoruba dictionary. In 1843, a grammar book which he started working on during the Niger expedition was published; and a Yoruba version of the Anglican Book of Common Prayer followed later. He also began codifying other languages. Following the British Niger Expeditions of 1854 and 1857, Crowther produced a primer for the Igbo language in 1857, another for the Nupe language in 1860, and a full grammar and vocabulary of Nupe in 1864. This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Yoruba (native name èdè Yorùbá, the Yoruba language) is a dialect continuum of West Africa with over 22 million speakers. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the novel, see A Book of Common Prayer. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Igbo is a language spoken in Nigeria by around 18 million people (1999 WA), the Igbo, especially in the southeastern region once identified as Biafra. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Nupe are an ethnic group located primarily in the middle belt and northern Nigeria. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


In 1864, Crowther was ordained as the first African bishop of the Anglican Church. That same year he also received a Doctor of Divinity from Oxford University. Bishp Dr. Crowther's attention was directed more and more to languages other than Yoruba, but he continued to supervise the translation of the Yoruba Bible (Bibeli Mimọ), which was completed in the mid-1880's, a few years before his death. In 1891, Crowther suffered a stroke and died the last day of that year 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...


Literature

  • Good out of Evil (London, 1852)

References

  • Flint, J. Crowther, Samuel Ajayi (c.1807-1891), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
  • Hair, P.E.H. (1967). "The Early Study of Yoruba, 1825-1850", The Early Study of Nigerian Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Page, Jesse (c. 1892) The Slave Boy Who Became Bishop of the Niger online version.
  • Walls, A. F. Samuel Ajayi Crowther (1807-1891) Foremost African Christian of the Nineteenth Century by Andrew F. Walls. International Bulletin of Missionary Research, Jan. 92, 16(1):15-21
  • http://www.ultraint.com/igboyc_7102002.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Samuel Ajayi Crowther Summary (949 words)
Samuel Crowther, of the Yoruba tribe, was enslaved in 1821 and put aboard a ship which was captured by the British navy.
Samuel Ajayi Crowther was a member of the Yoruba ethnic group.
Ajayi was captured by Fulani slave raiders in 1821 and sold to Portuguese slave traders.
Samuel Ajayi Crowther - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (411 words)
Crowther was captured by local slavers in 1821 and sold to Portuguese slave traders.
Following the expedition, Crowther was recalled to England, where he was trained as a minister and ordained by the bishop of London.
Following the British Niger Expeditions of 1854 and 1857, Crowther produced a primer for the Igbo language in 1857, another for the Nupe language in 1860, and a full grammar and vocabulary of Nupe in 1864.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m