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Encyclopedia > Sammy Lee (scientist)
Counselling in Male Infertility, Blackwell's (London), 1996

Sammy Lee (born Samuel Lee, 1958) is an expert [1] on in vitro fertilisation. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In vitro fertilisation[1] (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilised by sperm outside the womans womb. ...


Lee is acknowledged as an expert by the BBC and the newspapers. [2],[3],[4]. His book "Counselling in male infertility" was published in 1996 by Blackwell's, Oxford (ISBN 0-632-03906-X)[5]. He has also contributed a number of newspapers articles himself. [6], [7] Lee was the “inspiration” for Anthony Ling, the character in the novel ‘One Life’ by Rebecca Frayn (Simon & Schuster 2006, ISBN 0-7432-6876-8). Front of the original Blackwells bookshop. ...

Contents

Career

Research Associate in Biophysics (1982-1984). University College London
Research Associate Dept. of Anatomy & Embryology (1984-1985). University College London
Laboratory Director in the IVF unit at the Humana Hospital Wellington in London (1985-1986) [8], [9] Consultant Clinical Embryologist, UK division of Ares Serono (world's leading human recombinant pharmaceutical company) including the Bourn Hallam Group. [9]
Scientific Director of the Colchester Fertility Service (1992 to 2001)
Consultant Scientist and Director of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) at the Portland Hospital for Women & Children (1995-2003)
Acting Scientific Director for the Chelsea & Westminster Hospital (1999-2000).
Honorary Senior Research Fellow (BK's title on retirement from Biophysics) in Reproductive Medicine at the Homerton Hospital (2000-2005)
Honorary Lecturer in the Anatomy & Developmental Biology Dept., University College London (2003-present). [10]
Visiting Professor in Biomedical Science at the ABC Medical School in São Paulo, Brasil (2006-present).
Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies the theories and methods of physics, to questions of biology. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is a college of the University of London. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is a college of the University of London. ... In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized outside the mothers body in cases where conception is difficult or impossible through normal intercourse. ... ... Serono is a biotechnology company headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... Recombinant proteins are proteins that are produced by different genetically modified organisms following insertion of the relevant DNA into their genome. ... Colchester is a town and is the main settlement of the Essex borough of Colchester in the East of England. ... HI!!!!!!!!!! Oocyte is injected during ICSI Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg; this procedure is most commonly used to overcome male infertility problems. ... Chelsea and Westminster Hospital is a public hospital located on Fulham Road, in the South Kensington area of London, England. ... Reproduction is the creation of one thing as a copy of, product of, or replacement for a similar thing, e. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is a college of the University of London. ... Health science is the discipline of applied science which deals with human and animal health. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Current Research

Dr Sammy Lee’s current interests lie in the field of stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. He is collaborating with various groups in the Anatomy Department at University College London examining the potential of bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells to give rise to neuronal/glial lineages in response to various growth factors and tissue culture manipulations. Sammy also teaches ethics in reproduction at University College London. In addition, he is also interested in the potential of umbilical cord derived stem cells to give rise to neuronal and glial cells in collaboration with ABC University of Sao Paolo, Brazil. His vast experience in IVF and embryo manipulation has also enabled him to routinely perform single cell analysis and study clonal populations of stem cells in culture. He is a regular visitor of the London Regenerative Medicine Network meetings, where he regularly meets old colleagues from times of IVF and embryo research, who have sometimes aired different opinions to him in the media regarding IVF and its role in society in the past. Mouse embryonic stem cells with fluorescent marker. ... Mouse embryonic stem cells. ... Grays Anatomy illustration of cells in bone marrow. ... Mesenchymal cells, also known as mesenchymal stem cells or marrow stromal cells (MSC), are stem cells that can differentiate into osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, adipocytes, neuronal cells, and, as decribed lately, into beta-pancreatic islets cells. ... Neurons (also called nerve cells) are the primary cells of the nervous system. ... Neuroglia cells of the brain shown by Golgis method. ... Growth factor is any of about twenty small proteins that attach to specific receptors on the surface of stem cells in bone marrow and promote differentiation and maturation of these cells into morphotic constituents of blood. ... Tissue culture refers to the growth of tissues and/or cells separate from the organism. ... In placental mammals, the umbilical cord is a tube that connects a developing embryo or fetus to its placenta. ... Neurons (also called nerve cells) are the primary cells of the nervous system. ... Neuroglia cells of the brain shown by Golgis method. ... The word manipulation can refer to: Joint manipulation Social influence Sleight of hand tricks in magic or XCM. Abuse Advertising Brainwashing Charisma Fraud Indoctrination Love bombing Machiavellianism Media manipulation Mind control Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) Propaganda Social psychology Puppeteer Photo manipulation Categories: | | ... Look up cell in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that embryology be merged into this article or section. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... Young people interacting within an ethnically diverse society. ...


Biography

Lee first published research in neuroscience during the 1980s (from the Biophysics department at UCL), working on nerve-muscle interaction; this ranged from examining TTX-resistant action potentials in denervated muscle[11] to studying cholinesterase activity in dissociated adult muscle fibres[12]and followed up work first carried out in the same department by Bill Betz and Bert Sakmann[13],[14] Nobel Prize winner, 1991.[15] Drawing of the cells in the chicken cerebellum by S. Ramón y Cajal Neuroscience is a field that is devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system. ... Biophysics (also biological physics) is an interdisciplinary science that applies the theories and methods of physics, to questions of biology. ... Tetrodotoxin (anhydrotetrodotoxin 4-epitetrodotoxin, tetrodonic acid, TTX) is a potent neurotoxin, which shuts down electrical signalling in nerves by binding to the pores of voltage-gated sodium channel proteins in nerve cell membranes. ... Schematic of an electrophysiological recording of an action potential showing the various phases which occur as the wave passes a point on a cell membrane. ... Bert Sakmann (born June 12, 1942) is a German cell physiologist. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awards in Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physiology or Medicine and Economics. ...


With the realisation that many of the questions framed by his neuroscience research were rooted in the matter of differentiation, Lee concentrated on embryology, which led to work on gap junctions in early mammalian embryos (in the Anatomy & Embryology department at UCL), where work with Anne Warner FRS and Anne McLaren DBE FRS produced new information on factors affecting communication between cells and their developmental potential. [16],[17] Drawing of the cells in the chicken cerebellum by S. Ramón y Cajal Neuroscience is a field that is devoted to the scientific study of the nervous system. ... Differentiation can mean the following: In biology: cellular differentiation; evolutionary differentiation; In mathematics: see: derivative In cosmogony: planetary differentiation Differentiation (geology); Differentiation (logic); Differentiation (marketing). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... gap junction A gap junction is a junction between certain animal cell-types that allows different molecules and ions to pass freely between cells. ... DBE can stand for: Dominet Bank Ekstraliga Dame of the British Empire, an honorific in the United Kingdom Categories: | ... FRS is an abbreviation which can stand for various phrases: Family Radio Service, a personal radio service utilizing the UHF band Fellow of the Royal Society, a title awarded to distinguished scientists who are British, Commonwealth or Republic of Ireland citizens Fisheries Research Services, an agency of the Scottish Executive... Communication allows people to exchange thoughts by one of several methods. ... The second and last Krazy Klan album, before Jayho became Lavel and Jaymo Became Native Funk. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Scalar potential. ...


Lee became a clinical embryologist in 1985, when he directed the IVF laboratory at the Wellington Hospital in London, then one of the largest units in the world.[18] Consultancy work with the UK division of Ares Serono (1986-1994) also involved work with the Bourn Hallam Group, where Patrick Steptoe and Bob Edwards had setup after Louise Brown's birth.[18] From 1995 to 2002 Lee was based at the Portland Hospital for Women & Children, where time was spent writing books and book chapters.[19],[20],[21] For other uses of lab, see Lab. ... Wellington Hospital is Wellington, New Zealands main hospital. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Patrick Christopher Steptoe (June 9, 1913, Witney, England - March 21, 1988) was a British obstetrician and gynaecologist and a pioneer of fertility treatment. ... Bob Edwards Robert Alan Edwards (born May 16, 1947 in Louisville, Kentucky) is an American radio broadcaster. ... Louise Joy Brown (born July 25, 1978, in England) was the worlds first baby to be conceived by in vitro fertilisation, or IVF. She is currently a postal worker and was previously a nurse at a childcare centre in Bristol. ... The Portland Hospital for Women and Children, usually referred to simply as the Portland Hospital, is a hospital in Great Portland Street in central London, England. ...


Lee is now based again at UCL. He is now interested in tissue engineering and teaching ethics in reproduction.[10] After 20 years as an IVF laboratory director and a consultant grade clinical scientist, Lee is now working on tissue engineering and stem cells. He is mainly concerned with background research on stem cells and progenitors. He believes that characterising such cells in vitro is worthwhile before using them in clinical trials. Perhaps in the future, stem cells will be trialled after a considerable evidence base has been established for their use. UCL may refer to University College London, in England Université catholique de Louvain, in Belgium Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction. ... Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering or tissue-matrix materials, and suitable biochemical factors to improve or replace biological functions. ... Ethics (from the Ancient Greek ēthikos, the adjective of ēthos custom, habit), a major branch of philosophy, including genetics is the study of values and customs of a person or group. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... A Progenitor as seen in the ST:TNG episode The Chase The Progenitors were a race of humanoids in the fictional Star Trek universe that were one of the universes oldest sentient species. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: In vitro In vitro (Latin: within glass) means within a test tube, or, more generally, outside a living organism or cell. ... In medicine, a clinical trial (synonyms: clinical studies, research protocols, medical research) is a research study. ... For other senses of this word, see evidence (disambiguation). ...


Lee has previously served as an international editor of the Brazilian Journal of Assisted Reproduction. He has served as a Trustee and director of several charities. His curriculum vitae lists numerous scientific publications. He was elected as a fellow of the Royal Society of Health and the Royal Society of Medicine, both in 1987. link titleThe word international can mean: Between nations or encompassing several nations. ... An Editor is a person who prepares text—typically language, but also images and sounds—for publication by correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying it. ... The word trustee is a legal term that refers to a holder of property on behalf of a beneficiary. ... In relation to a company, a director is an officer of the company charged with the conduct and management of its affairs. ... ... This article talks about the general structure of the production and use of scientific literature. ... The Logo and Coat of Arms of the Society. ...


Lee is no stranger to controversy. In addition to his work in IVF, he has had a few differences of opinion with the HFEA, most notably over the issue of human cloning.[4],[7] If it may be done safely and effectively, it may be morally justifiable. Like Professor Ian Wilmut, Lee believes that human cloning may bring benefits to mankind in the long run. Lee also wrote an article in the Sunday Times (10th November 2002) in the aftermath of a number of high profile embryo transfer mixups in several human IVF clinics. Lee's article was mentioned a number of times in various sessions in the House of Lords (Hansard 2002). For the Wikipedia policy regarding controversial issues in articles, see Wikipedia:Guidelines for controversial articles. ... The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) is a British non-departmental Government body set up under the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990 that regulates and inspects all United Kingdom clinics providing IVF, donor insemination or the storage of human ova, sperm or embryos. ... Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, human being or clone tissue from that individual. ... Morality is a complex of principles based on cultural, religious, and philosophical concepts and beliefs, by which an individual determines whether his or her actions are right or wrong. ... Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of an existing, or previously existing, human being or clone tissue from that individual. ... Look up Mankind in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sunday Times is the name of several Sunday newspapers. ... A clinic or outpatient clinic is a small medical facility that provides health care for ambulatory patients - as opposed to inpatients treated in a hospital. ... The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom and is also commonly referred to as the Lords. The Sovereign, the House of Commons (which is the lower house of Parliament and referred to as the Commons), and the Lords together comprise the Parliament. ... Hansard is the traditional name for the printed transcripts of parliamentary debates in the Westminster system of government. ...


Education and experience

Lee’s was educated at Mill Hill School from 1971 to 1976 obtaining 9 GCSE’s and 3 A-Levels. From there he left to attend King’s College London (KQC). Here he studied for a BSc in Physiology, graduating in 1979. He then moved to take up a PhD position at University College London. Under the supervision of Prof. Ricardo Miledi, with invaluable advice and help from Prof. Bernard Katz (BK), he completed his PhD in Biophysics, in the famous ‘School of Katz’[22]. Later study at the London Hospital Medical College resulted in completion of a Diploma in Counselling in 1991, and in 2004 Lee qualified for a PGCE at the University of Greenwich. Mill Hill School is an independent school for boarding and day pupils aged 13–18, located in Mill Hill, London. ... ... BSC is an abbreviation for: Bachelor of Science (usually written BSc), an academic science degree Base Station Controller, a subsystem in a GSM mobile phone network Binary symmetric channel in coding theory Binary Synchronous Communications, a data link protocol developed by IBM in the 1960s In medical literature: best supportive... Leonardo da Vincis Vitruvian Man, an important early achievement in the study of physiology. ... For the song by the Smashing Pumpkins, see 1979 (song). ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is a college of the University of London. ... Sir Bernard Katz FRS (March 26, 1911 – April 20, 2003) was a German-born biophysicist, noted for his work on nerve biochemistry. ... Barts and The London, Queen Marys School of Medicine and Dentistry (also known as BL or often referred to simply as Barts) is the medical school of Queen Mary, University of London (Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London) and has existed in this form since 1995. ... Diploma from Mexico City College, 1948 (in Latin) A diploma (from Greek δίπλωµα diploma) is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as a university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study, or confers an academic degree. ... Psychotherapy is a set of techniques believed to cure or to help solve behavioral and other psychological problems in humans. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE) is a one-year course in the UK for existing bachelors degree holders leading to Qualified Teacher Status (QTS), which is needed to become a teacher in maintained (state or local authority) schools. ... Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the University, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. ...


Following his PhD, Lee was a Research Associate in the Dept. of Anatomy & Embryology at UCL. In 1985, he took up a job as a Laboratory Director in the famous IVF unit at the Humana Hospital Wellington in London, then one of the largest IVF units in the world. Subsequently, Lee became a Consultant Clinical Embryologist at the world famous Bourn Hallam Group. PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From 1992 to 2001 Lee acted as Scientific Director for ‘The Colchester Fertility Service’. In 1995 he took up a similar role as Consultant Scientist for the Portland Hospital for Women & Children which he held until 2002. In 1999 he took on a third role, as a Scientific Director for the Chelsea & Westminster Hospital, holding this role until 2000. In 2002 he was appointed an Honorary Senior Research Fellow (the same role that BK fulfilled in Biophysics after his retirement) in Reproductive Medicine at the Homerton Hospital, holding this position until 2005. In 2003 (to present day) Lee was appointed an Honorary Lecturer in the Anatomy & Developmental Biology Dept. at University College London. Lee is also now a Visiting Professor in Biomedical Science at the ABC Medical School in São Paulo Brasil. 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Colchester is a town and is the main settlement of the Essex borough of Colchester in the East of England. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A consultant (from the Latin consultare meaning to discuss from which we also derive words such as consul and counsel) is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area of expertise such as accountancy, the environment, technology, the law, human resources, marketing, medicine, finance, public affairs, communication, engineering... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Chelsea and Westminster Hospital is a public hospital located on Fulham Road, in the South Kensington area of London, England. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is an extra-ordinary academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Reproduction is the creation of one thing as a copy of, product of, or replacement for a similar thing, e. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An honorary degree (Latin: honoris causa ad gradum) is an extra-ordinary academic degree awarded to an individual as a decoration, rather than as the result of matriculating and studying for several years. ... Lecturer is the name given to university teachers in most of the English-speaking world (but not at most universities in the U.S. or Canada) who do not hold a professorship. ... University College London, commonly known as UCL, is a college of the University of London. ... A professor is a senior teacher and researcher, usually in a college or university. ... Health science is the discipline of applied science which deals with human and animal health. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Trivia

Lee has been the acquaintance of many famous scientists, some of whom inspired him. As a "postdoc" Lee was good friends with Claudio Stern, now Prof Claudio Stern, Head of the Anatomy & Developmental Biology department at UCL. Lee was also inspired by Professor Harold Ellis, a surgeon from the Westminster Hospital, a next door neighbour for over ten years. An interpersonal relationship is some relationship or connection between two people. ... Categories: Disambiguation | Stub ... For a List of scientists, see: List of anthropologists List of astronomers List of biologists List of chemists List of computer scientists List of economists List of engineers List of geologists List of inventors List of mathematicians List of meteorologists List of physicists Scientist pairs List of scientist pairs See... UCL may refer to University College London, in England Université catholique de Louvain, in Belgium Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction. ... Westminster Hospital moved from Marsham Street to become Chelsea and Westminster Hospital at the old St Stephens Hospital site in 1994. ...


Lee was on good terms with senior Biophysics' colleagues from the "sixth floor" such as EJ Harris, Paul Fatt, Gertrude Falk, Rolf Niedergerke and Sally Page; an unusual feat for an inhabitant of the "fifth floor". Rumour has it that a number of the above worked on Radar during WWII. Other notable friends and acquaintances included Geoff Burnstock (Anatomy Chair), Bob Lieberman (erstwhile dean of Life Sciences, UCL), Gerta Vrbova who was PhD supervisor to a number of Lee's friends. This long range radar antenna, known as ALTAIR, is used to detect and track space objects in conjunction with ABM testing at the Ronald Reagan Test Site on the Kwajalein atoll. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ...


The late Prof Michael Hull with whom Lee collaborated in a few projects, Jacques Cohen, Ian Craft and the late Dave Bromham, all loom large in Lee's IVF career. There are also three IVF acquaintances whom Lee found kindly, helpful and hugely inspiring. They are Howard & the late Georgeanna Jones who pioneered IVF in USA and Bob Edwards. Georgeanna Seegar Jones, (July 6, 1912 - March 26, 2005), pioneered with her husband, Howard Jones, in vitro fertilization in the United States. ...


Lee is a "signatory" amongst about fifty members of the School of Katz on a Memento which was presented to Professor Sir Bernard Katz in 1989 by Sir Andrew Huxley on the occasion of a special conference celebrating his wonderful life and career. John Hancocks signature is the most prominent on the United States Declaration of Independence. ... Sir Bernard Katz (March 26, 1911 - April 23, 2003) was a German-born biophysicist, noted for his work on nerve biochemistry. ... Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley OM FRS (born 22 November 1917, Hampstead, London, England, UK) is a British physiologist and biophysicist, who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin on the basis of nerve action potentials, the electrical impulses that enable the...


Lee's team at the Wellington pioneered the first UK practise of gamete Intra-fallopian Transfer (GIFT), The GIFT of Life (a technique invented by Ricardo Asch in the USA). The team was the second to carry out GIFT and then proceeded to post the largest series in the world in 1986.[8],[9],[23] ,[24] Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ... Ricardo Asch is an Argentine-born obstetrician/gynecologist and endocrinologist who was originally notable for his pioneering work in reproductive technology, but who is now primarily known for his unethical practices at the University of California, Irvines fertility clinic. ... Love gift Man presents a cut of meat to a youth with a hoop. ...


Lee also helped perform some of the first egg donations in the UK, when directing the Wellington Hospital IVF Laboratory. A human ovum Sperm cells attempting to fertilize an ovum An ovum (plural ova) is a haploid female reproductive cell or gamete. ... A donation is to give a fund or cause or such donated gift usually for charitable reasons. ... Wellington Hospital is Wellington, New Zealands main hospital. ...


Lee pioneered a simple inexpensive efficient form of Mechanical Assisted Hatching in the UK.[25] Albrecht Dürer, Veronica, 1513. ...


Lee produced the world's first intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI with NASBA virus assay) virus free baby to an HIV discordant couple.[25] Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg; this procedure is most commonly used to overcome male infertility problems. ... Groups I: dsDNA viruses II: ssDNA viruses III: dsRNA viruses IV: (+)ssRNA viruses V: (-)ssRNA viruses VI: ssRNA-RT viruses VII: dsDNA-RT viruses A virus (from the Latin noun virus, meaning toxin or poison) is a microscopic particle (ranging in size from 20 - 300 nm) that can infect the... An assay is a procedure where the concentration of a component part of a mixture is determined. ... Species Human immunodeficiency virus 1 Human immunodeficiency virus 2 Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS, a condition in humans in which the immune system begins to fail, leading to life-threatening opportunistic infections). ... In poetry, dissonance is the deliberate avoidance of patterns of repeated vowel sounds (see assonance). ...


Lee has many media appearances having been on many TV shows as well as writing a number of newspapers articles. He has written books of his own: such as Counselling in Male Infertility (Blackwell's, Oxford 1996), and has also been a contributor/consultant in such books as The Miraculous World of The Unborn Baby (Quadrillion, Godalming, Surrey 1998) ISBN 1-85833-966-9, Natural Fertility (Hamlyn 2002) ISBN 0-600-60396-2 and Inconceivable Conceptions (Routledge) ISBN 1-58391-168-5. This is a listing of television programs. ... Article may refer to multiple things: in grammar: grammatical article in medicine: a joint between two bones In a journal, magazine, or newspaper, an article is a piece of writing or essay on a topic. ... The Contributor was an official publication of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1879 and 1896. ... A consultant (from the Latin consultare meaning to discuss from which we also derive words such as consul and counsel) is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area of expertise such as accountancy, the environment, technology, the law, human resources, marketing, medicine, finance, public affairs, communication, engineering...


References

  1. ^ IVF expert. Google.
  2. ^ IVF mixups, Dr S. Lee (July 2002). BBC
  3. ^ Free NHS IVF treatment (Aug 2003). Independent on Sunday
  4. ^ a b Cloning, Dr S. Lee (1999). BBC
  5. ^ S Lee. Counselling in male infertility. 1996. Blackwell Scientific Press (Oxford). ISBN 0-632-03906-X.. Blackwell's.
  6. ^ Dr S. Lee Sunday Telegraph article quoted. BBC (November 2002).SPUC
  7. ^ a b Dr S. Lee article on human cloning doctors (January 2004).The Scotsman
  8. ^ a b J Laurance. The test tube dilemma. New Society. (30 October1987)
  9. ^ a b c C Harrison. Failing to deliver. Public Eye. BBC. (11 January 1991)
  10. ^ a b Dr S. Lee UCL staff webpage (2007).UCL
  11. ^ S Lee, R Miledi, F Ruzzier. Rat diaphragm muscle fibre action potentials and the development of tetrodotoxin resistance in longterm organ culture. 1987. Quart J Exp Physiol. 72, 601-608.
  12. ^ MI Glavinovic, S Lee, R Miledi. Effect of collagenase treatment on rat muscle fibre acetylcholinesterase activity. 1987. J Neuroscience Res. 18, 519-524.
  13. ^ WJ Betz & B Sakmann (1971). "Disjunction" of frog neuromuscular synapses by treatment with proteolytic enzymes. Nature New Biol. 232: 94-95.
  14. ^ WJ Betz & B Sakmann (1973). Effects of proteolytic enzymes on synaptic structure and function. J. Physiol. 230: 673-688.
  15. ^ B Sakmann, 1991. Nobel.
  16. ^ M Buehr, S Lee, A McLaren, A Warner. Reduced gap junctional communication is associated with the lethal condition characteristic of DDK mouse eggs fertilized by foreign sperm. 1987. Development. 101, 449-459.. Development.
  17. ^ S Lee, NB Gilula, A Warner. Gap junctional communication and compaction during preimplantation stages of mouse development. 1987. Cell. 51, 851-860.. Cell.
  18. ^ a b DA Clark, S Lee, S Fishel, M Mahadevan, H Goodall, M Ah- Moye, O Schechter, J Stedronska-Clark, S Daya, J Underwood, I Craft, J Mowbray. Immunosuppressive activity in human IVF culture supernatants and prediction of outcome of embryo transfer. 1989. Journal of In Vitro Fertililisation Embryo Transfer. 6, 51-58.. Journal of In Vitro Fertilisation.
  19. ^ S Lee. Counselling in male infertility. 1996. Blackwell Scientific Press (Oxford). ISBN 0-632-03906-X.. Blackwell's.
  20. ^ S. Lee. Myths and reality in male infertility. In Inconceivable conceptions. J. Haynes & J. Miller (eds). 2003. Routledge. ISBN 1-58391-168-5.. Routledge.
  21. ^ Third party references quoting S Lee from the Portland Hospital for Women & Children.. Google.
  22. ^ School of Katz (1990.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Biology
  23. ^ S Lee. GIFT, the hope for future infertility treatment. Journal Royal Society of Health. 107, 201-202. (1987)
  24. ^ WAR Davies, HS Dhariwal, S Lee. GIFT and IUI in the district general hospital. Human Reproduction. 3, 611-612. (1988)
  25. ^ a b A Kon. My little miracle. Sunday Mirror. 8 August 1999.

Selected publications Google, Inc. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... The Independents old (pre-compact) masthead. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... Front of the original Blackwells bookshop. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... SPUC or the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children is a pro-life organization in the United Kingdom and several other countries. ... The Scotsmans offices in Edinburgh The Scotsman is a Scottish newspaper published in Edinburgh. ... New Society was a left-of-centre British weekly political magazine that tended to focus on the social sciences. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... UCL may refer to University College London, in England Université catholique de Louvain, in Belgium Ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction. ... Look up Nobel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Development has meaning in several contexts: // Biological development or morphogenesis of embryos in the context of developmental biology Child development (in the context of physical development, or post-natal human development (pediatrics, etc); or in the context of psychological development, part of the larger area of human development (psychology) or... Look up cell in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Front of the original Blackwells bookshop. ... Routledge is an imprint for books in the humanities part of the Taylor & Francis Group, which also has Brunner-Routledge, RoutledgeCurzon and RoutledgeFalmer divisions. ... Google, Inc. ... Alternate newspaper: The Daily Mirror (Australia) The Daily Mirror is a popular British tabloid daily newspaper. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

  • M Buehr, S Lee, A McLaren, A Warner (1987). Reduced gap junctional communication is associated with the lethal condition characteristic of DDK mouse eggs fertilized by foreign sperm. Development. 101, 449-459.
  • WAR Davies, HS Dhariwal, S Lee (1988). GIFT and IUI in the district general hospital. Human Reproduction. 3, 611-612.
  • MI Glavinovic, S Lee, R Miledi (1987). Effect of collagenase treatment on rat muscle fibre acetylcholinesterase activity. J Neuroscience Res. 18, 519-524.
  • S Lee (1987). GIFT, the hope for future infertility treatment. Journal Royal Society of Health. 107, 201-202.
  • S Lee (1987). Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT); A great leap forward? Human Reproduction. 2, 541.
  • S Lee, NB Gilula, A Warner (1987). Gap junctional communication and compaction during preimplantation stages of mouse development. Cell. 51, 851-860.
  • S Lee, R Miledi, F Ruzzier (1987). Rat diaphragm muscle fibre action potentials and the development of tetrodotoxin resistance in longterm organ culture. Quart J Exp Physiol. 72, 601-608.
  • S. Lee, H Rivas-Toro (2001). Treatment with IUI and ICSI for HIV men whose partners remain HIV- free: a risk reduction method. J. Bras. Reprod. Ass. 5, 64-65.


Books & book chapters/contributions

  • S. Lee. Myths and reality in male infertility. In Inconceivable conceptions. J. Haynes & J. Miller (eds). 2003. Routledge. ISBN 1-58391-168-5.


Media


Newspaper articles authored by Sammy Lee The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... New Society was a left-of-centre British weekly political magazine that tended to focus on the social sciences. ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alternate newspaper: The Daily Mirror (Australia) The Daily Mirror is a popular British tabloid daily newspaper. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...

This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Daily Mail is a British tabloid newspaper first published in 1896. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Scotsmans offices in Edinburgh The Scotsman is a Scottish newspaper published in Edinburgh. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • M. Rissardo, S. Lee. Embryo implantation: is TNF-alpha the key? 2004. Biomedical Scientist 48, 1079-1085.
  • S. Lee. Cloning today. Nine years on from Dolly. 2005. Biomedical Scientist 49, 686-687.
  • JD Alves, EL Radway-Bright, S Lee, B Grima, J Hothersall, CT Ravirajan, DA Isenberg. Antiphospholipid antibodies are induced by in vitro fertilization and correlate with paraoxonase activity and total antioxidant capacity of plasma in infertile women. 2005. Lupus 14, 1-8.

External links


 
 

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