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Encyclopedia > Samland

Sambia or the Sambian Peninsula (Russian: semlyandskiy poluostrov, German: Samland) is the name of a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. It belonged to East Prussia for a long period and was originally populated by the Baltic tribe of Sambians. Now it is part of Russia's Kaliningrad Oblast and is mainly populated by Russians and Belarusians. In Sambia there are two famous seaside resorts: Zelenogradsk and Svetlogorsk.


Sambia is an area rich of amber near Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg). Sambia was the last area where the Old Prussian language was spoken before it went extinct at the beginning of 18th century.


For thousands of years amber has been found at the Sambia coast and an Amber Road trade route has led from Prussia's "first city" of Truso to the Black Sea and further east.


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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Ermland (1314 words)
In 1243 the territorial possessions of the Teutonic Knights were divided into the Dioceses of Culm, Pomesanien, Ermland, and Samland.
Existing conditions were, however, entirely changed by the defection to Protestantism of Albrecht of Bradenburg, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, and the two bishops of the order who ruled Samland and Pomesanien, and the secularization of the dominion of the order by the Peace of Cracow (1525).
The Diocese of Ermland now received not only the territory which had been forcibly taken from it at the time of the Reformation, but there were incorporated in it as well the whole of the former Diocese of Samland, five deaneries of the former Diocese of Pomesanien, and, in 1854, the country surrounding Marienwerder.
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