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Encyclopedia > Sambia

Sambia (German: ; Polish: Sambia; Russian: Semlyandsky poluostrov) is a peninsula in the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia, on the south-eastern shore of the Baltic Sea. Image File history File links Samland. ... Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Map of the Kaliningrad Oblast Course of Pregolya River in Gvardeysk. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ...

Contents


History

Originally, the area was sparsely populated by a Baltic tribe from whom the names Samland and Sambia were derived. In 1243, as Samland, the area became with Pomesania, Warmia and Chełmno Land one of the four dioceses of Prussia controlled by the Teutonic Knights and remained part of Prussia or East Prussia for the next 650 years. It was the last area in which the Old Prussian language was spoken before becoming extinct at the beginning of the eighteenth century. The Baltic Sea The Balts or Baltic peoples (Latvian: balti, Lithuanian: baltai), defined as speakers of one of the Baltic languages, a branch of the Indo-European language family, are descended from a group of Indo-European tribes who settled the area between lower Vistula and upper Dvina and Dneper. ... Pomesania is the former name of an area now in northern Poland, in the vicinity of the cities of Elblag (Elbing) and Malbork (Marienburg), to the east of the lower Vistula river. ... Warmia in 1547 Warmia (Polish: , German: , Latin: Varmia, also historically known as Ermeland) is a region between Pomerania and Masuria in northeastern Poland. ... CheÅ‚mno Land or Culmland (Polish: Ziemia CheÅ‚miÅ„ska, German: Kulmerland) is a historical region in central Poland bounded by the Vistula and DrwÄ™ca rivers. ... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (Old Prussian: PrÅ«sa, German: Preußen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: PrÅ«sai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad... The Teutonic Order (German: Deutscher Orden, German Order; Latin: Ordo domus Sanctæ Mariæ Theutonicorum Ierosolimitanorum, Order of the Teutonic House of Mary in Jerusalem; Hungarian: Német Lovagrend, German Knighthood; Polish: Zakon Krzyżacki, Order of the Crossbearers) was a German crusading military order under Roman Catholic religious vows formed... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Old Prussian is an extinct Baltic language spoken by the inhabitants of the area that later became East Prussia (now in north-eastern Poland, Lithuania and the Kaliningrad oblast of Russia) prior to Polish and German colonization of the area beginning in the 13th century. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Today

Today the peninsula is known as Sambia and is mainly populated by Russians and Belarusians. It has two famous seaside resorts, Zelenogradsk and Svetlogorsk. Old postcard of Zelenogradsk Zelenogradsk (Russian: Зеленоградск, German: Cranz, Lithuanian: Krantas, Polish: Kraniec) is a town in the Kaliningrad Oblast in Russia. ... Svetlogorsk (Светлогорск) (before 1945, known by its German name, Rauschen) is a town on the coast of the Baltic Sea in Russias Kaliningrad Oblast, the northern part of former East Prussia. ...


Geography and geology

Baedeker[1] describes Samland as "a fertile and partly-wooded district, with several lakes, lying to the north of Königsberg". The highest point, 360 feet, is found twelve miles north of Drugehnen at the Galtgarben[2]. There also used to be a Samland railway station. Karl Baedeker (not Baedecker) (3 November 1801 - 4 October 1859) was a publisher whose company set the standard for authoritative guidebooks for tourists. ... Map of Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad (Russian: ), until 1945 known by its German name Königsberg , then briefly as Kenigsberg (Russian: ), is a seaport city, capital and main city of the Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ...


Amber

Amber has been found in the area for over a thousand years, especially on the coast near Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg). In 1900, amber was chiefly exported to the East for crafting into pipe mouthpieces and ornaments. Until 1918, the right to collect amber was restricted to the royal Prussian Hohenzollern family and visitors to Samland's beaches were forbidden to pick up any fragments they found. It is said that an ancient trade route known as the Amber Road led from the Old Prussian settlement of Truso (near Elbląg) to the Black Sea and further east. Amber pendants. ... Map of Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad (Russian: ), until 1945 known by its German name Königsberg , then briefly as Kenigsberg (Russian: ), is a seaport city, capital and main city of the Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ... The term Eastern world refers very broadly to the various cultures, social structures and philosophical systems of the East, namely Asia (including China, India, Japan, and surrounding regions). ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... The House of Hohenzollern is a German dynasty of electors, kings, and emperors of Prussia, Germany, and Romania. ... The Amber Road (in Lithuanian: Gintaro kelias; Polish: Szlak Bursztynowy, Jantarowy Szlak; in German: Bernsteinstraße; in Russian: Янтарный путь) was an ancient trade route for the transfer of amber. ... The Prussians kill Adalbert The Prussian people, or (old) Prussians, inhabited the area around the Curonian and Vistula Lagoons, (in what is now northern Poland), in the region roughly occupied by the Mazurian Lakes. ... Motto: none Voivodship Warmia-Masuria Municipal government Rada Miejska w Elblągu Mayor Henryk Słonina Area 83,32 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 130. ... ElblÄ…g (Polish pronunciation: (?); local dialect: ElbiÄ…g ([:εlbiɔ̃g]); German: ( ); Old Prussian: Truso, Ilfing) is a city in northern Poland with 128,700 inhabitants, the capital of the Powiat of ElblÄ…g, situated in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodship since 1999, previously capital of ElblÄ…g Voivodship (1975–1998), and... Map of the Black Sea. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Karl Baedeker, Northern Germany, Leipzig, London and New York: 1904 (fourteenth revised edition (English language)), pp.177-8.
  2. ^ Place names given here are in German.

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