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Encyclopedia > Sambar Deer
Wikipedia:How to read a taxobox
How to read a taxobox
Sambar

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. unicolor
Binomial name
Cervus unicolor
(Kerr, 1792)
Sambar
Sambar
Sambar in forest
Sambar in forest

Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may weigh as much as 272 kg (600 lb). The coat is dark brown with chestnut marks on the rump and underparts. The large, rugged antlers are typically rusine, the brow tines being simple and the beams forked at the tip. In some specimens the antlers exceed 101 cm (40 in). Sambars are primarily browsers that live in woodlands and feed mainly on coarse vegetation, grass, and herbs. They are diurnal animals who live in herds of 5-6 members, grazing on grass, sprigs, fruit and bamboo buds. These deer are seldom far from water and, although primarily of the tropics, are hardy and may range up to high elevations such as the mixed forests in the Himalayan Mountains. These deer are also found in similar mountain "temperate forest" environments in China, Thailand, and Taiwan. In Taiwan, sambar along with sika deer have been raised on farms for their antlers, which they drop annually in April/May. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1306x980, 314 KB) Summary photographed by Pratheepps Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Sambar Deer ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Subclass Allotheria* Order Docodonta (extinct) Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Subclass Prototheria Order Monotremata Subclass Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals are a class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Families  Tragulidae  Moschidae  Cervidae  Giraffidae  Antilocapridae  Bovidae The biological suborder Ruminantia includes many of the well-known large grazing or browsing mammals: among them cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and antelope. ... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ... species See text. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Robert Kerr (1755 - October 11, 1813) was a scientific writer and translator from Scotland. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 432 KB) Sambar deer in Vandalur zoo, Chennai, India. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 432 KB) Sambar deer in Vandalur zoo, Chennai, India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ...

Contents

Reproduction

Mating Period: November/December.


Sambar males defend rutting territories and attempt to attract females by vocal and olfactory displays. With the exception of the Philippine Spotted Deer, sambar fawns are not spotted at birth.


Species Distribution

The Indian Sambar (Cervus unicolor) inhabit much of southern Asia (as far north as the south-facing slopes of the Himalayan Mountains), mainland Southeast Asia (Burma, Thailand, Indochina, the Malay Peninsula), southern China (including Hainan Island), Taiwan, and the islands of Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia. This deer has been seen congregating in large herds in protected areas such as national parks and reserves in India, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. The subspecies of Indian sambar in India and Sri Lanka are the largest of the genus with the largest antlers. Populations that inhabit the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, and Borneo seem to have the smallest antlers in proportion to their body size. The subspecies in Taiwan (or Formosa) is the smallest Cervus unicolor. This is a region of the continent of Asia that can have the following interpretations: The Indian Subcontinent and nearby islands in the Indian Ocean; see South Asia India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri Lanka All of Asia that is considered to be Southwest, South and Southeast Asia. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... Alternative meaning: In geology, North China (continent) and South China (continent) were two ancient landmasses that correspond to modern northern and southern China. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... Borneo is the third largest island in the world. ...


There are two small, separate but similar species, the Philippine Sambar (Cervus mariannus) and the Philippine Spotted Deer (also known as the Visayan Spotted Deer or Alfred's Sambar) (Cervus alfredi), that inhabit the Philippines|Philippine Islands. Both deer are smaller than the Formosan sambar. Binomial name Cervus mariannus The Philippine Sambar (Cervus mariannus) is one of three species of deer that is native to the forests of much of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ...


The Rusa Deer, or Sunda Sambar (Cervus timorensis), is slightly smaller than the Indian Sambar and inhabits the islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia and, unlike the latter three species, it is predominantly a grazer and forms the largest herds. This deer probably originated in Java but was widely introduced to several adjacent islands as well as the Molucca Islands and Lesser Sunda Islands. Herds gather in open savannas but will retreat to adjacent dry deciduous woodlands or seasonal mixed deciduous monsoon forests for cover. This deer is a favorite prey of the Komodo Dragon. [[Image:Example. ... Binomial name Cervus timorensis Blainville, 1822 The Rusa Deer or Sunda Sambar, Cervus timorensis, are native to the islands of Java eastwards towards Bali, and Timor in Indonesia. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Bali is an Indonesian island located at , the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. ... This page is about the geography and history of the island group in Indonesia — for the political entities encompassing the islands, see Maluku (Indonesian province) and North Maluku. ... Map of Lesser Sunda Islands Satellite picture of the Lesser Sunda Islands The Nusa Tenggara (lit. ... Binomial name Varanus komodoensis Ouwens, 1912 Komodo dragon distribution The Komodo Dragon, also known as the Komodo Monitor, Komodo Island Monitor, Ora (to the natives of Komodo[2]), or simply Komodo (Varanus komodoensis), is the largest living species of lizard, growing to an average length of 2-3 metres (approximately...


There is also a small herd of sambar located on St. Vincent Island in Florida. These were brought in by the former owner, before he sold the island to the Nature Conservancy. St. ...


Species in Australia

Sambar deer are an introduced species in Australia, where hunting it is a popular sport. Large sambar trophies are very prized and taking a sambar deer in the highlands of Victoria and New South Wales (where they are most prevalent) is considered an admirable act in Australian hunting fraternities.


See also

Sri lankan Sambar Deer Binomial name Cervus unicolor unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sri lankan Sambar deer(Cervus unicolor unicolor) is a sub-species of Sambar deer that lives in island of Sri lanka. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
deer

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

References

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

  • Hunting Sambar in New Zealand

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1886 words)
Deer are widely distributed, with representatives in all continents except Australia, Antarctica, and Africa.
Deer are ruminants or cud-chewers and have a four-chambered stomach.
Deer were originally brought to New Zealand by European settlers, and the deer population rose rapidly.
Comparative Placentation (1700 words)
Sambars are reported to be more of a browsing than grazing animal that prefers to live in wooded regions.
Numerous cell strains of various sambar deer are available from CRES at the San Diego Zoo by contacting Dr. Oliver Ryder at oryder@ucsd.edu.
Sinha, A.A., Seal, U.S., Erickson, A.W. and Mossman, H..: Morphogenesis of the fetal membranes of the white-tailed deer.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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