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Encyclopedia > Samba software
Samba logo. The s, m, and b are in black to connotate "SMB".
Samba logo. The s, m, and b are in black to connotate "SMB".

Samba is a free software implementation of Microsoft's networking system. As of version 3, samba not only provides file and print services for various Microsoft Windows clients but can also integrate with a Windows Server domain, either as a Primary Domain Controller (PDC) or as a Domain Member. It can also be part of an Active Directory domain. Image File history File links Samba (software) logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Server Message Block (SMB) is a network protocol mainly applied to share files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network, by providing an authenticated Inter-Process Communication mechanism. ... Free software, as defined by the Free Software Foundation, can be used, copied, studied, modified and redistributed. ... Microsoft Corporation (NASDAQ: MSFT) is the worlds largest software company with over sixty thousand employees and headquarters in various countries as of May 2004. ... Microsoft Windows is a range of operating environments for personal computers and servers. ... A Windows Server domain or Windows NT Domain is a group of computers running versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system that can be centrally managed by one or more Windows Servers. ... A Primary Domain Controller (PDC) is a server computer in a pre-Windows 2000 NT server Domain. ... Active Directory (codename Cascade) is an implementation of LDAP directory services by Microsoft for use in Windows environments. ...


Samba runs on most Unix and Unix-like systems, such as GNU/Linux, Solaris, and the BSD variants, including Apple's Mac OS X Server; it was added to the OS X workstation edition with version 10.2. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Unix-like. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Unix. ... Tux, a penguin, is the official Linux mascot. ... The Solaris Operating System is a computer operating system, based on the open-source UNIX SunOS developed by Sun Microsystems. ... Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) is the UNIX derivative distributed by the University of California, Berkeley starting in the 1970s. ... Mac OS X Server is the server edition of the Mac OS. It is based on the BSD-Unix-based operating system that Apple Computer acquired from NeXT Computer and which formed the basis of the current Mac OS X. Prior to Mac OS X, Apples AppleShare services provided...

Contents


Name origins

The name samba comes from inserting two vowels into the name of the standard protocol used by the Microsoft Windows network file system, "SMB" (server message block). Samba was originally called smbserver but the name was changed because of a trademark notice from the company "Syntax" who sold a product named TotalNet advanced Server, and also owned the trademark for SMBserver. In computing, a protocol is a convention or standard that controls or enables the connection, communication, and data transfer between two computing endpoints. ... Microsoft Windows is a range of operating environments for personal computers and servers. ... Server Message Block (SMB) is a network protocol mainly applied to share files, printers, serial ports, and miscellaneous communications between nodes on a network, by providing an authenticated Inter-Process Communication mechanism. ... A trademark (Commonwealth English: trade mark)[1] is a distinctive sign of some kind which is used by a business to identify itself and its products and services to consumers, and to set the business and its products or services apart from those of other businesses. ...


Samba is an implementation of dozens of services and a dozen protocols, including NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT), SMB which is also named CIFS, DCE/RPC or more specifically, MSRPC, the Network Neighborhood suite of protocols, a WINS server also known as a NetBIOS Name Server (NBNS), the NT Domain suite of protocols which includes NT Domain Logons, Secure Accounts Manager (SAM) database, Local Security Authority (LSA) service, NT-style printing service (SPOOLSS) and more recently Active Directory Logon which involves a modified version of Kerberos and a modified version of LDAP. All these services and protocols are frequently incorrectly referred to as just NetBIOS and/or SMB. NetBIOS is an acronym for Network Basic Input/Output System. ... The initialism SMB may stand for: Server Message Block a network protocol used by, in particular, Microsoft Simulated Moving Bed a method for countercurrent chromatography Small and Medium-sized Business(es), also known as small and midsize business(es) - a perceived commercial sector System Management Bus a PC communication bus... DCE/RPC stands for Distributed Computing Environment / Remote Procedure Calls. DCE/RPC was commissioned by The Open Group, aka the Open Software Foundation in a Request for Technology. One of the key companies that contributed was Apollo, who brought in NCA - Network Computing Architecture which became Network Computing System (NCS... MSRPC (Microsoft Remote Procedure Call) is a modified version DCE/RPC which in turn was created by The Open Group. ... WINS can refer to: Windows Internet Naming Service. ... Kerberos can refer to different things: Kerberos (mythology), the hound of Hades. ... Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a protocol for accessing on-line directory services. ... NetBIOS is an acronym for Network Basic Input/Output System. ... The initialism SMB may stand for: Server Message Block a network protocol used by, in particular, Microsoft Simulated Moving Bed a method for countercurrent chromatography Small and Medium-sized Business(es), also known as small and midsize business(es) - a perceived commercial sector System Management Bus a PC communication bus...


Samba sets up network shares for chosen Unix directories (including all contained subdirectories). These appear to Microsoft Windows users as normal windows folders accessible via the network. Unix users can either mount the shares directly as part of their file structure or, alternatively, can use a utility, smbclient installed with Samba to read the shares with a similar interface to a standard command line ftp program. Each directory can have different access privileges overlayed on top of the normal Unix file protections. For example: home directories would have read/write access for all known users, allowing each to access their own files. However they would still not have access to the files of others unless that permission would normally exist. Note that the netlogon share, typically distributed as a read only share from /etc/samba/netlogon, is the logon directory for user logon scripts. A network share is a location on a computer network, typically allowing multiple computer users on the same network to have a centralized space on which to store files (i. ... In computing, a directory, catalog, or folder, is an entity in a file system which contains a group of files and other directories. ... Microsoft Windows is a range of operating environments for personal computers and servers. ... Mount can mean: a horse or other animal or bird intended for riding; for example, a horse, camel, elephant, or Garuda an attachment point for equipment to vehicles, usually made to enable the object mounted there to be moved in relation to the vehicle, but still remain affixed. ... Samba logo. ... This page is about the File Transfer Protocol, a computer protocol. ...


Configuration is achieved by editing a single file (typically installed as /etc/smb.conf or /etc/samba/smb.conf). Samba can also provide user logon scripts and group policy implementation through poledit. A shell script is a script or computer program written for the shell (command interpreter) of an operating system. ...


Samba was originally developed for Unix by Andrew Tridgell at the Australian National University. Andrew Tridge Tridgell Andrew Tridge Tridgell (born February 28, 1967) is an Australian computer programmer, living in Canberra, in the Australian Capital Territory. ... The Australian National University (ANU), is a university located in Canberra, the national capital of Australia. ...


Relations

There is a fork of Samba which has significant architectural and implementation differences in the key areas of the NT Domain Services, known as Samba TNG. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Related software

LinNeighborhood is computer program which runs on Linux and allows grapical browsing and mounting of folders shared from other Microsoft Windows computers using the SMB protocol. ...

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks has more about this subject:
Samba

  Results from FactBites:
 
Samba (software) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (544 words)
Samba is a free software re-implementation of SMB/CIFS networking protocol released under the GNU General Public License.
Samba was originally developed for Unix by Andrew Tridgell at the Australian National University, originally by reverse-engineering the protocol used by DEC PATHWORKS server software using a packet sniffer.
Samba TNG is a fork of Samba which has significant architectural and implementation differences in the key areas of the NT Domain Services.
oreilly.com -- Online Catalog: Using Samba (940 words)
Samba is a cross-platform triumph: it turns a Unix or Linux system into a file and print server for Microsoft Windows network clients.
Samba is so robust, flexible, and secure that many people are choosing it over Windows NT for their file and print services.
Samba is also open source software, licensed under the GNU General Public License.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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