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Encyclopedia > Sam Peckinpah
Sam Peckinpah
Born David Samuel Peckinpah
February 21, 1925(1925-02-21)
Fresno, California
Died December 28, 1984 (aged 59)
Inglewood, California
Other name(s) Sam "The Man" Peckinpah
Spouse(s) Marie Selland (1947–1960)
Begoña Palacios (1965–1984)

David Samuel "Sam" Peckinpah (February 21, 1925December 28, 1984) was an American film director who achieved iconic status following the release of his 1969 Western epic The Wild Bunch. He became one of the major filmmakers of the 1970s with his innovative and explicit depiction of action and violence, as well as his revisionist approach to the Western genre. is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fresno redirects here. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Nickname: Location of Inglewood in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Established 1888 Incorporated February 14, 1908 Government  - Mayor Roosevelt F. Dorn Area  - Total 9. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... // The Academy Award for Writing Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best script not based upon previously published material. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... The Revisionist Western, Modern Western or Anti Western traces to the late 1960s and early 1970s as a sub-genre of the Western movie. ...


Peckinpah's films generally deal with the conflict between values and ideals, and the corruption of violence in human society. He was given the nickname "Bloody Sam" due to the violence in his films. His characters are often loners or losers who desire to be honorable but are forced to compromise in order to survive in a world of nihilism and brutality. This article is about the philosophical position. ...


Peckinpah's combative personality, marked by years of alcohol and drug abuse, has in many ways overshadowed his professional legacy. Many of his films were noted for behind-the-scenes battles with producers and crew members, damaging his reputation and career during his lifetime. Several of his films, including The Wild Bunch (1969), Straw Dogs (1971), Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974), remain controversial to this day. This article needs cleanup. ... Comparison of the perceived harm for various psychoactive drugs from a poll among medical psychiatrists specialized in addiction treatment[1] This article is an overview of the nontherapeutic use of alcohol and drugs of abuse. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... Straw Dogs is a 1971 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Dustin Hoffman and Susan George. ... Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid is a soundtrack album released by Bob Dylan in 1973 for the Sam Peckinpah film of the same name. ... Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (Tráiganme la cabeza de Alfredo García) is a 1974 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ...

Contents

Family origins

Peckinpah's ancestry is firmly rooted in California pioneer history. His great-grandfather, Rice Peckinpaugh, was a merchant and farmer in Indiana before moving to California in the 1850s to Humboldt County and changing the spelling of his family's last name to "Peckinpah." The family settled down in the area to participate in the logging business. Peckinpah Meadow and Peckinpah Creek, where the family ran a lumber mill on a mountain in the High Sierras north of Coarsegold, California, have been officially named on U.S. geographical maps.[1] Peckinpah's maternal grandfather was Denver Church, a cattle rancher, Superior Court Judge and a United States Congressman of a California district including Fresno County.[2] Peckinpah and several relatives often claimed Native American ancestry, but this has been denied by surviving family members.[1] Sam Peckinpah's nephew is David Peckinpah, who was a television producer and director, as well as a screenplay writer.[3] Peckinpah's parents were David Edward Peckinpah and Fern Louise Church.[4] This article is about the U.S. state. ... // Production of steel revolutionized by invention of the Bessemer process Benjamin Silliman fractionates petroleum by distillation for the first time First transatlantic telegraph cable laid First safety elevator installed by Elisha Otis Railroads begin to supplant canals in the United States as a primary means of transporting goods. ... Humboldt County is a county located on the northwest coast of the U.S. state of California, on the Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Log. ... Looking south from near Glacier Point at Yosemite National Park. ... Coarsegold is an unincorporated community in Madera County, California, USA. The name derives from the California Gold Rush of the mid-1800s, when prospectors discovered coarse lumps of gold in a nearby creek. ... Denver Samuel Church (December 11, 1862 - February 21, 1952) was a U.S. Representative from California. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Fresno County is a county located in Californias Central Valley, south of Stockton and north of Bakersfield. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... David Ernest Peckinpah (born September 5, 1951 – died April 23, 2006) was a television writer, producer and director. ...


Biography

David Samuel "Sam" Peckinpah was born February 21, 1925, in Fresno, California, where he attended both grammar school and high school. He spent much time skipping classes with his brother to engage in cowboy activities on Denver Church's ranch including trapping, branding and shooting. During the 1930s and 1940s, Coarsegold and Bass Lake were still populated with descendants of the miners and ranchers of the 19th century. Many of these descendants worked on Church's ranch. At that time, it was a rural area undergoing extreme change and this exposure is believed to have affected Peckinpah's Western films later in life.[5] Fresno redirects here. ... For other uses, see Cowboy (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


He played on the junior varsity football team while at Fresno High School, but frequent fighting and discipline problems caused his parents to enroll him in the San Rafael Military Academy for his senior year.[6] In 1943 he joined the United States Marine Corps. Within two years, his battalion was sent to China with the task of disarming Japanese soldiers and repatriating them following World War II. While his duty did not include combat, he claims to have witnessed acts of war between Chinese and Japanese soldiers. According to friends, these included several acts of torture and the murder of a laborer by random sniper fire. The American Marines were not permitted to intervene. This reportedly deeply affected Peckinpah and may have influenced his depictions of violence in his films.[7] The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Repatriation (from late Latin repatriare - to restore someone to his homeland) is the process of return of refugees or soldiers to their homes, most notably following a war. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “Fights” redirects here. ...


After the war he attended Fresno State College where he studied history. While a student, he met and married his first wife Marie Selland in 1947. A drama major, Selland introduced Peckinpah to the theatre department and he became interested in directing for the first time. During his senior year, he adapted and directed a one-hour version of Tennessee Williams's The Glass Menagerie. After graduation in 1948, Peckinpah enrolled in graduate studies in drama at University of Southern California. He spent two seasons as the director in residence at Huntington Park Civic Theatre near Los Angeles before obtaining his master's degree. He was asked to stay on another year, but Peckinpah began working as a stagehand at KLAC-TV in the belief that television experience would eventually lead to work in films. Even during this early stage of his career, Peckinpah was developing a combative streak. Reportedly, he was kicked off the set of The Liberace Show for not wearing a tie and refused to cue a car salesman during a live feed because of his attitude towards stagehands.[8] The campus on a sunny day California State University, Fresno, commonly referred to as Fresno State, is one of the campuses of California State University, located at the northeast edge of Fresno, California, USA. The campus sits at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the San Joaquin... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Thomas Lanier Williams III (March 26, 1911 – February 25, 1983), better known as Tennessee Williams, was a major American playwright who received many of the top theatrical awards. ... The Glass Menagerie is a play by Tennessee Williams. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... A stagehand is a person who works backstage on a theatrical performance. ... Wladziu Valentino Liberace (May 16, 1919 – February 4, 1987), better known by only his last name Liberace (pronounced [ˌlɪbəˈrɑːtʃi]), was an American entertainer. ...


In 1954, Peckinpah was hired as a third assistant casting director for the film Riot in Cell Block 11, directed by Don Siegel. The movie was filmed on location at Folsom Prison. Reportedly, the warden was reluctant to allow the filmmakers to work at the prison until he was introduced to Peckinpah. The warden knew his family from Fresno and immediately became cooperative. Siegel's location work and his use of actual prisoners as extras in the film made a lasting impression on Peckinpah. He would work as an assistant to the director on four additional films including Private Hell 36 (1954), An Annapolis Story, (1955, and co-starring L.Q. Jones), Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956) and Crime in the Streets (1956).[9] Invasion of the Body Snatchers, in which Peckinpah appeared in a cameo as Charlie the meter reader, starred Kevin McCarthy and Dana Wynter. It would become one of the most critically praised science fiction films of the 1950s. Peckinpah claimed to have done an extensive rewrite on the film's screenplay, a statement which remains controversial to this day.[10] Nevertheless, Peckinpah's association with Siegel established his career as a budding screenplay writer and potential director. Riot in Cell Block 11 is a 1954 movie filmed on location in San Quentin State Prison and starring Neville Brand and Leo Gordon. ... Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ... East gate, Folsom State Prison, California Folsom State Prison (FSP), also known as Folsom State Prison, Represa is one of 33 prison facilities operated by the California Department of Corrections (CDC). ... Private Hell 36 is a 1954 black-and-white film considered film noir. ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ... Invasion of the Body Snatchers is a 1956 science fiction film. ... Actor Kevin McCarthy in the remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers Kevin McCarthy (born February 15, 1914 in Seattle, Washington) is an American actor. ... Dana Wynter (born June 8, 1931 in Berlin, Germany) was a popular actress in the 1950s. ... A still from the 1902 film Le Voyage dans La Lune. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ...


Throughout much of his adult life, Peckinpah was plagued by alcoholism and later drug addiction. According to some, he also suffered from mental illness, possibly manic depression or paranoia.[11] It is believed his drinking problems began during his service in the military while stationed in China, when he would frequent the saloons of Tientsin and Peiping.[12] After divorcing Selland in 1960, the mother of his first four children, he would eventually marry the Mexican actress Begona Palacios in 1965. A stormy relationship developed, and over the years leading up to his death they would marry three separate times. They would have one daughter together.[13] His personality reportedly often swung between a sweet, soft-spoken, artistic disposition, and bouts of rage and violence during which he verbally and physically abused himself and others. An experienced hunter, Peckinpah was fascinated with guns and was known to shoot the mirrors in his house while abusing alcohol, and this image occurs several times in his films.[14][15] Peckinpah's reputation as a hard-living brute with a taste for violence, inspired by the content in his most popular films and in many ways perpetuated by himself, has overshadowed his artistic legacy.[16] His friends and family have claimed this does a disservice to a man who was actually more complex than generally credited. Throughout his career, Peckinpah seems to have inspired extraordinary loyalty in certain friends and employees. He used the same actors (Warren Oates, L.Q. Jones, R.G. Armstrong, James Coburn, Ben Johnson, Kris Kristofferson) and collaborators (Jerry Fielding, Lucien Ballard, Gordon Dawson, Martin Baum) in many of his films, and several of his friends and assistants stuck by him to the end of his life. Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... Drug addiction, or dependency is the compulsive use of drugs, to the point where the user has no effective choice but to continue use. ... A mental illness or mental disorder refers to one of many mental health conditions characterized by distress, impaired cognitive functioning, atypical behavior, emotional dysregulation, and/or maladaptive behavior. ... Manic depression, with its two principal sub-types, bipolar disorder and major depression, was first clinically described near the end of the 19th century by psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin, who published his account of the disease in his Textbook of Psychiatry. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Hunting is, in its most general sense, the pursuit of a target. ... Warren Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American character actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... Ben Johnson Jr. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... Jerry Fielding (born June 17, 1922 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) was an American radio, film and television composer, conductor, and musical director. ... Lucien Ballard (6 May 1908 - 1 October 1988) was an American cinematographer and director of photography. ...


Peckinpah spent a great deal of his life in Mexico after his marriage to Palacios, eventually buying property there. He was reportedly fascinated by the Mexican lifestyle and culture and he often portrays it with an unusual sentimentality and romanticism in his films. Four of his films, Major Dundee (1965), The Wild Bunch (1969), Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid (1973) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974), were filmed entirely on location within the country, while The Getaway (1972) concludes with a couple escaping to freedom in Mexico.[13][17] Major Dundee was a 1965 Western film written by Harry Julian Fink and directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... Pat Garrett & Billy the Kid is a soundtrack album released by Bob Dylan in 1973 for the Sam Peckinpah film of the same name. ... Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (Tráiganme la cabeza de Alfredo García) is a 1974 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ...


Peckinpah was seriously ill during the final years of his life, as a lifetime of self-abuse began to catch up with him. Regardless, he continued to work until the last months before his death. He died of heart failure on December 28, 1984.[18] At the time, he was in preparation for shooting an original script by Stephen King entitled "The Shotgunners".[19] For other persons named Stephen King, see Stephen King (disambiguation). ...


Television career

On the recommendation of Don Siegel, Peckinpah established himself during the late 1950s as a scriptwriter of Western television series of the era, selling scripts to Gunsmoke, Have Gun - Will Travel, Broken Arrow, Klondike and Zane Grey Theater.[20][17] He also wrote a screenplay from the novel The Authentic Death of Hendry Jones, a draft that would eventually evolve into the 1961 Marlon Brando film One-Eyed Jacks.[21] His writing would lead to directing, and he would helm a 1958 episode of Broken Arrow (generally credited as his first official directing job) and several 1960 episodes of Klondike (co-starring James Coburn and L.Q. Jones).[22][23] Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ... Television Westerns are a sub-genre of the Western. ... This article is about the radio and television series. ... Have Gun — Will Travel was a popular American Western television series that aired on CBS from 1957 through 1963. ... Broken Arrow was a Western series which told a fictionalized account of the historical relationship between Indian agent Tom Jeffords (played by John Lupton) and Michael Ansara as the Chiricahua Apache chief Cochise. ... Four Star Television, also called Four Star Films and Four Star International, was an American television production company which operated from 1952 to 1989. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... One-Eyed Jacks, a western movie released in 1961, is the only film directed by Marlon Brando, who replaced the original director, Stanley Kubrick. ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ...


In 1958, Peckinpah wrote a script for Gunsmoke that was rejected due to content. He reworked the screenplay, titled The Sharpshooter, and sold it to Zane Grey Theater. The episode received popular response and became the television series The Rifleman starring Chuck Connors. Peckinpah would direct four episodes of the series (with guest stars R.G. Armstrong and Warren Oates), but left after the first year. The Rifleman would run for five seasons and achieve enduring popularity in syndication.[24][25] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Chuck Connors (April 10, 1921 – November 10, 1992) was an American actor and a professional basketball and baseball player. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Warren Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American character actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). ...


During this time, he also created the television series The Westerner, starring Brian Keith and John Dehner. From 1959 to 1960, Peckinpah acted as producer of the series, having a hand in the writing of each episode and directing five of them. Critically praised, the show ran for only 13 episodes before cancellation mainly due to its gritty content detailing the drifting, laconic cowboy Dave Blassingame (Brian Keith). Despite its short run, The Westerner and Peckinpah would be nominated by the Producers Guild of America for Best Filmed Series. An episode of the series eventually served as the basis for Tom Gries' 1968 film Will Penny. The Westerner, which has since achieved cult status, further established Peckinpah as a talent to be reckoned with.[26][27][28][29] The Westerner is a 1960 Western television series created by Sam Peckinpah, starring Brian Keith as Dave Blassingame, and featuring John Dehner as semi-regular Burgundy Smith. ... Brian Keith (November 14, 1921 – June 24, 1997) was an American stage, film and television actor. ... John Dehner (1915-1992) was an American actor in television, radio, and films, playing countless roles on TV series and in movies, usually as a mildly comical villain. ... Producers Guild of America (PGA) is a trade organization representing the television and film producers in the United States. ... Will Penny is a 1968 western film starring Charlton Heston as an aging cow hand who at the end of a long trail hires on to ride the boundary of a ranch over the winter. ... It has been suggested that cult debate be merged into this article or section. ...


Early Film Career

The Deadly Companions

After cancellation of The Westerner, Brian Keith was cast as the male lead in the 1961 Western film The Deadly Companions. He suggested Sam Peckinpah as the director and producer Charles B. Fitzsimons accepted the idea. By most accounts, the low-budget film shot on location in Arizona was a learning process for Peckinpah, who feuded with Fitzsimons (brother of the film's star Maureen O'Hara) over the screenplay and staging of the scenes. Reportedly, he was also refused by Fitzsimons to give directions to O'Hara. Unable to rewrite the screenplay or edit the picture, Peckinpah vowed to never again direct a film unless he had script control. The Deadly Companions passed largely without notice and is the least known of Peckinpah's films.[30][31] Brian Keith (November 14, 1921 – June 24, 1997) was an American stage, film and television actor. ... The Deadly Companions was a Western film released in 1961. ... Charles B. Fitzsimons (May 8, 1924 in Ranelagh, County Dublin, Ireland - February 14, 2001 in Los Angeles, California from liver failure) was an Irish actor before emigrating to the USA. He became a Hollywood film actor and later a supervising production executive before becoming a producer himself. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Maureen OHara Maureen OHara (born Maureen FitzSimons) on August 17, 1920 is an Irish film actress. ...


Ride the High Country

His second film, Ride the High Country (1962), was based on the screenplay Guns in the Afternoon written by N.B. Stone, Jr. Producer Richard Lyons admired Peckinpah's work on The Westerner and offered him the directing job. Peckinpah did an extensive rewrite of the screenplay, including personal references from his own childhood growing up on Denver Church's ranch and even naming one of the mining towns "Coarsegold." He based the character of Steve Judd, a once-famous lawman fallen on hard times, on his own father David Peckinpah. In the screenplay, Judd and old friend Gil Westrum are hired to transport gold from a mining community through dangerous territory. Westrum hopes to talk Judd into taking the gold for themselves. Along the way, following the example of Judd, Westrum slowly realizes his own self respect is far more important than profit. During the final shootout, when Judd and Westrum stand up to a trio of men, Judd is fatally wounded and his death serves as Westrum's salvation - a Catholic tragedy weaved from the Western genre. It would become a major theme in many Peckinpah films to come. Starring aging Western stars Joel McCrea and Randolph Scott in their final major screen roles, the film initially went unnoticed in the United States but was an enormous success in Europe. Beating Federico Fellini's for first prize at the Belgium Film Festival, the film was hailed by foreign critics as a brilliant reworking of the Western genre. New York critics also discovered Peckinpah's unusual Western, with Newsweek naming Ride the High Country the best film of the year and Time placing it on its best-ten list. Peckinpah, the eventual "enfant terrible" of the cinematic world, had arrived. Today, the film is admired as one of Peckinpah's greatest works.[32][33] Ride the High Country is a noted 1962 western film. ... Joel Albert McCrea, (November 5, 1905 - October 20, 1990) was an American film actor. ... Randolph Scott (January 23, 1898 – March 2, 1987) was an American motion picture actor whose career spanned from 1928 to 1962. ... Federico Fellini (January 20, 1920 – October 31, 1993) was one of the most influential and widely revered film-makers of the 20th century. ... 8½ (Italian: Otto e Mezzo) is a 1963 film written and directed by Italian director Federico Fellini. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... TIME redirects here. ... An enfant terrible, from the French meaning terrible child, is one whose startlingly unconventional behavior, work, or thought embarrasses or disturbs others. ...


Major Dundee

Peckinpah's next film, Major Dundee (1965), would be the first of the director's many unfortunate experiences with the major studios that financed his productions. Based on a screenplay by Harry Julian Fink, the film was to star Charlton Heston. Peckinpah was hired as director after Heston viewed producer Jerry Bresler's private screening of Ride the High Country. Heston liked the movie and said to Bresler, "Let's use him."[citation needed] The sprawling screenplay told the story of Union cavalry officer Major Dundee who directs a New Mexico outpost of Confederate prisoners. When an Apache war chief wipes out a company and kidnaps several children, Dundee throws together a makeshift army, including unwilling Confederate veterans, and takes off after the Indians. Dundee becomes obsessed with his quest and heads deep into the wilderness of Mexico with his exhausted men in tow. Peckinpah's first big-budget film had a large cast including, Heston, Richard Harris, James Coburn, Senta Berger, Jim Hutton, Ben Johnson, Warren Oates, R.G. Armstrong and L.Q. Jones. Filming began without a completed screenplay, and Peckinpah chose several remote locations in Mexico causing the film's budget to skyrocket. Intimidated by the size and scope of the project, Peckinpah reportedly drank alcohol heavily each night after shooting. He also fired at least 15 crew members.[citation needed] At one point, Peckinpah's mean streak and abusiveness towards the actors so enraged Heston that the normally even-tempered star threatened to run the director through with his cavalry saber if he did not show more courtesy to the cast. By the time filming ended, 15 days over schedule and $1.5 million over budget, Peckinpah and producer Bresler were no longer on speaking terms. The movie, detailing themes and sequences Peckinpah would master later in his career, was taken away from him and substantially reedited. An incomplete mess which today exists in a variety of versions, Major Dundee performed poorly at the box office and was thrashed by critics (though its standing has improved over the years). Peckinpah would hold for the rest of his life that his original version of Major Dundee was among his best films, but his reputation was severely damaged.[34][35][36] Major Dundee was a 1965 Western film written by Harry Julian Fink and directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... Harry Julian Fink, television and film writer, wrote for Have Gun — Will Travel and was one of the writers who created Dirty Harry. ... Charlton Heston (born October 4, 1924) is an US-american film actor, known for playing larger-than-life heroic roles such as Moses in The Ten Commandments, Colonel George Taylor in Planet of the Apes, and Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur. ... Although Jerry Breslers Oscar and subsequent two other nominations were for his two-reel short films, he was primarily a songwriter, one of his most famous compositions being Five Guys Named Moe. He was educated at the Chicago Musical College, DePaul University and New York University (NYU). ... U.S. Army Cavalry Sergeant, 1866 Cavalry in the American Civil War was a branch of army service in a process of transition. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... A group of Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was organized in February 1861 to defend the newly formed Confederate States of America from military action by the United States government during the American Civil War. ... For other uses, see Apache (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Richard Harris, see Richard Harris (disambiguation). ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... Senta Berger in When Women Had Tails / 1970. ... Dana James Hutton (May 31, 1934 – June 2, 1979) was an American actor. ... Ben Johnson Jr. ... Warren Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American character actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ... Budgeting is one of the most important - and yet most secretive - aspects of film production. ... Film crew and equipment on a location shoot. ... The Saber (spanish/portuguese: knowledge) currency is an educational sectoral currency in Brazil that is handed out by the ministry of education. ...


Peckinpah was next signed to direct The Cincinnati Kid, a gambling drama about a young prodigy who takes on an old master during a big New Orleans poker match. Before filming started, producer Martin Ransohoff began to receive phone calls about the Major Dundee ordeal and was told Peckinpah was impossible to work with. In addition, Peckinpah decided to shoot in black and white and was hoping to transform the screenplay into a gritty saga about a kid surviving the tough streets of the Great Depression. After four days of filming, which reportedly included some nude scenes, Ransohoff disliked the rushes and immediately fired him.[37] Eventually directed by Norman Jewison and starring Steve McQueen, the film went on to become a 1965 hit. Peckinpah found himself banished from the film industry for several years.[38][39] The Cincinnati Kid is a 1965 movie directed by Norman Jewison. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For the domestic fireplace tool, see fireplace poker. ... Martin Ransohoff (born 1927 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is a cinema and television producer. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Norman Frederick Jewison, CC, BA, LL.D (born July 21, 1926) is a Canadian film director, producer, and actor. ... For other uses, see Steve McQueen (disambiguation). ...


Noon Wine

He caught a lucky break in 1966 when producer Daniel Melnick needed a writer and director to adapt Katherine Anne Porter's novella Noon Wine for television. Melnick was a big fan of The Westerner and Ride the High Country, and had heard Peckinpah had been unfairly fired from The Cincinnati Kid. Against the objections of many within the industry, Melnick hired Peckinpah and gave him free rein. Peckinpah completed the script, which Miss Porter enthusiastically endorsed, and the project became an hour-long presentation for ABC Stage 67. Taking place in turn of the century West Texas, Noon Wine was a dark tragedy about a farmer's act of futile murder which leads to suicide. Starring Jason Robards and Olivia de Havilland, the film was a critical hit, with Peckinpah nominated by the Writers Guild for Best Television Adaptation and the Directors Guild of America for Best Television Direction. Robards would keep a personal copy of the film in his private collection for years as he considered the project to be one of his most satisfying professional experiences. A rare film which can only be viewed at the Library of Congress and the Museum of Broadcasting, Noon Wine is today considered one of Peckinpah's most intimate works, revealing his dramatic potential and artistic depth.[40][41][42] Katherine Anne Porter (15 May 1890 – 18 September 1980) was a Pulitzer Prize-winning American journalist, essayist, short story writer, novelist, and political activist. ... Noon Wine is a novella written by American author Katherine Anne Porter in 1937. ... ABC Stage 67 was the umbrella title for a series of entertainments that included dramas, variety shows, documentaries, and travelogues. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... The Writers Guild of America (WGA) is the collective bargaining representative, or labor union, for writers in the motion picture and television industries in the United States. ... Director Guild of America building on Sunset Boulevard. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... The Paley Center for Media, New York City The Paley Center for Media, Beverly Hills The Paley Center for Media (formerly The Museum of Television & Radio (MTR), formerly The Museum of Broadcasting), founded in 1975 by William S. Paley, is a cultural institution dedicated to the discussion of the cultural...


International Fame

The Wild Bunch

The surprising success of Noon Wine laid the groundwork for one of the most explosive comebacks in film history. In 1967, Warner Bros.-Seven Arts producers Kenneth Hyman and Phil Feldman were interested in having Peckinpah rewrite and direct an adventure film. An alternative screenplay written by Roy Sickner and Walon Green was the western The Wild Bunch. At the time, William Goldman's screenplay Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid had recently been purchased by 20th Century Fox. Warner Bros. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Walon Green (b. ... William Goldman (born August 12, 1931) is an American novelist, playwright and two-time Academy Award-winning screenwriter. ... Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is a 1969 Western film that tells the story of bank robber Butch Cassidy (played by Paul Newman) and his partner The Sundance Kid (played by Robert Redford). ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ...


It was quickly decided that The Wild Bunch, which had several similarities to Goldman's work, would be produced in order to beat Butch Cassidy to the theaters.[43] By the fall of 1967, Peckinpah was rewriting the screenplay into what would become The Wild Bunch. Filmed on location in Mexico, Peckinpah's epic work was inspired by his hunger to return to films, the violence seen in Arthur Penn's Bonnie and Clyde, America's growing frustration with the Vietnam War, and what he perceived to be the utter lack of reality seen in Westerns up to that time. He set out to make a film which portrayed not only the vicious violence of the period, but the crude men attempting to survive the era. Starring William Holden, Ernest Borgnine, Robert Ryan, Ben Johnson, Warren Oates, and Edmond O'Brien, the film detailed a gang of veteran outlaws on the Texas/Mexico border in 1913 trying to exist within a rapidly approaching modern world. The Wild Bunch is framed by two ferocious and infamous gunfights, beginning with a failed bank robbery and concluding with the outlaws battling the Mexican army in suicidal vengeance due to the death of one of their members.[44] Irreverent and unprecedented in its explicit detail, the 1969 film was an instant classic. Multiple scenes attempted in Major Dundee, including slow motion action sequences (inspired by Akira Kurosawa's work in Seven Samurai), characters leaving a village as if in a funeral procession and the use of inexperienced locals as extras, would be perfected in The Wild Bunch. Many critics denounced its violence as sadistic and exploitative. Other critics and filmmakers hailed the originality of its unique rapid editing style, created for the first time in this film and ultimately becoming a Peckinpah trademark, and praised the reworking of traditional Western themes. It was the beginning of Peckinpah's international fame, and he and his work would remain controversial for the rest of his life.[45] The film would be ranked No. 80 on the American Film Institute's top 100 list of the greatest American films ever made and No. 69 as the most thrilling, but the controversy has not diminished.[46] When The Wild Bunch was re-released for its 25th anniversary, it received an NC-17 rating from the MPAA, proving the film's continued impact after so many years.[47] Today, the film is considered the zenith of Peckinpah's turbulent career.[48] This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... Arthur Hiller Penn (born September 27, 1922 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a film director and producer. ... Bonnie and Clyde is an Academy Award winning 1967 film about Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, the bank robbers who roamed the central United States during the Great Depression. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... William Holden (April 17, 1918 – ca. ... Ermes Effron Borgnino or better known as Ernest Borgnine (born January 24, 1917[1][2]) is a Golden Globe-, BAFTA- and Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Robert Ryan (November 11, 1909 – July 11, 1973) was an Irish-American Oscar and Bafta award-nominated actor born in Chicago, Illinois. ... Ben Johnson Jr. ... Warren Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American character actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). ... Edmond OBrien (September 10, 1915–May 9, 1985) was an American film actor who is perhaps best remembered for his role in D.O.A.. Born in New York, New York, OBrien made his film debut in 1938, and gradually built a career as a highly regarded supporting... Slow motion is an effect resulting from running film through a movie camera at faster-than-normal speed. ... Kurosawa redirects here. ... For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Violence (disambiguation). ... Film editing is the connecting of one or more shots to form a sequence, and the subsequent connecting of sequences to form an entire movie. ... The first of the AFI 100 Years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The 100 most heart-pounding American films as described by the AFI on the evening of June 12, 2001. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and territories and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ... The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) is a non-profit trade association formed to advance the interests of movie studios. ...


The Ballad of Cable Hogue

Defying, as he often would, audience expectations, Peckinpah immediately followed The Wild Bunch with the elegiac, funny and mostly non-violent 1970 Western The Ballad of Cable Hogue. Utilizing many of the same cast (L.Q. Jones, Strother Martin) and crew members of The Wild Bunch, the film covered three years in the life of small-time entrepreneur Cable Hogue (Jason Robards) who decides to make a fortune after discovering water in the desert. He opens his business along a stagecoach line, only to see his dreams end with the appearance of the first automobile on the horizon. Shot on location in the desert of Nevada, the film was plagued by poor weather, Peckinpah's renewed drinking and his brusque firing of 36 crew members. The chaotic filming would wrap 19 days over schedule and $3 million over budget, effectively terminating his tenure with Warner Bros.-Seven Arts. In retrospect, it was a damaging career move as Deliverance and Jeremiah Johnson, critical and enduring box office hits, were in development at the time and Peckinpah was considered the first choice to direct both films.[49] Largely ignored upon its initial release, The Ballad of Cable Hogue has been rediscovered in recent years and is often held up by critics as exemplary of the breadth of Peckinpah's talents. They claim that the film proves Peckinpah's ability to make unconventional and original work without resorting to explicit violence. Over the years, Peckinpah would cite the film as one of his personal favorites.[50][51][52] The Ballad of Cable Hogue is a 1970 motion picture directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Jason Robards, Stella Stevens and David Warner. ... Strother Martin (March 26, 1919 – August 1, 1980) was an American character actor in numerous films and television programs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... Car redirects here. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... Warner Bros. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Jeremiah Johnson (1972) is a film about Jeremiah Johnson, a disenchanted ex-soldier entering the realm of the mountain men, infamous for eating the livers of Crow warriors. ...


Straw Dogs

His alienation of Warner Brothers once again left him with a limited number of directing jobs. Peckinpah was forced to do a 180-degree turn and traveled to England to direct Straw Dogs (1971), one of his darkest and most psychologically disturbing films. Produced by Daniel Melnick, who had previously worked with Peckinpah on Noon Wine, the screenplay was based on the novel The Siege at Trencher's Farm by Gordon Williams. It starred Dustin Hoffman as David Sumner, a timid American physicist (his wife at one point attempts to erase Einstein's field equations from his blackboard) leaves the chaos of college anti-war protests to live with his young wife Amy (Susan George) in her native village in Cornwall, England. Resentment of David's presence by the locals slowly builds to a shocking climax when the mild-mannered academic is forced to defend his home. Peckinpah entirely rewrote the existing screenplay, inspired by the books African Genesis and The Territorial Imperative by Robert Ardrey, which argued that man was essentially a carnivore who instinctively battled over control of territory.[53] The character of David Sumner, taunted and humiliated by the town locals, is eventually cornered within his home where he loses control and kills several of the men during the violent conclusion. Straw Dogs deeply divided critics, some of whom pointed to its obvious artistry and the bravery of its confrontation of human savagery, while others attacked it as a misogynistic and fascistic celebration of violence.[54] Much of the criticism centered around Amy's complicated and lengthy rape scene, which Peckinpah reportedly attempted to base on his own personal fears rooted in past failed marriages. To this day, the scene is attacked by critics as an ugly male-chauvinist fantasy, claiming it serves as an example of Peckinpah's (and Hollywood's) debasing of women.[55] The film was for many years banned on video in the UK, although some critics have come to hail it as one of Peckinpah's greatest films.[56][57][58] Straw Dogs is a 1971 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Dustin Hoffman and Susan George. ... Gordon M. Williams (born 1934) is a writer. ... Dustin Lee Hoffman (born August 8, 1937) is a two-time Academy Award-winning, BAFTA-winning, and five-time Golden Globe-winning American method actor. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Opposition to U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War began slowly and in small numbers in 1964 on various college campuses in the United States and had spread to the United Kingdom by May of 1965 [1]. By the end of 1968, as U.S. troop casualties mounted and the... Susan Melody George (born July 26, 1950) is a British actress and producer. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow or occasionally Curnow) is the part of Great Britains south-west peninsula that is west of the River Tamar. ... Robert Ardrey (b. ... Carnivorism redirects here. ... Misogyny is an exaggerated pathological aversion towards women. ... Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Chauvinism (IPA:) is extreme and unreasoning partisanship on behalf of a group to which one belongs, especially when the partisanship includes malice and hatred towards a rival group. ...


Junior Bonner

Despite his growing alcoholism and controversial reputation, Peckinpah was extremely prolific during this period of his life. In May of 1971, weeks after completing Straw Dogs, he returned to the United States to begin work on Junior Bonner. The lyrical screenplay by Jeb Rosenbrook, depicting the changing times of society and binding family ties, appealed to Peckinpah's tastes. He accepted the project, at the time concerned with being typed as a director of violent action. The film would be his final attempt to make a low-key, dramatic work in the vein of Noon Wine and The Ballad of Cable Hogue. Filmed on location in Prescott, Arizona, the story covered a week in the life of aging rodeo rider Junior "JR" Bonner (Steve McQueen) who returns to his hometown to compete in an annual rodeo competition. In addition to McQueen, the cast included Robert Preston, Ida Lupino, Joe Don Baker and Ben Johnson. Junior Bonner was marked by sharp character development, colorful location detail and unusually tender scenes between Preston and Lupino as Bonner's estranged parents. Promoted as a Steve McQueen action vehicle, reviews were mixed and the film performed poorly at the box office. Peckinpah would remark, "I made a film where nobody got shot and nobody went to see it." The film's reputation has grown over the years as many critics consider Junior Bonner to be one of Peckinpah's most sympathetic works, while also noting McQueen's earnest performance.[59][60] Junior Bonner is a contemporary western film and melodrama released in 1972 and starring Steve McQueen, Joe Don Baker, Robert Preston and Ida Lupino. ... Prescott (pronounced by some locals as press-kit instead of press-cot) is a city in Yavapai County, Arizona, USA. According to 2005 Census Bureau estimates, the population of the city is 40,360. ... For other uses, see Rodeo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Steve McQueen (disambiguation). ... Robert Preston Meservey (June 8, 1918 - March 21, 1987), better known as Robert Preston, was an Oscar-nominated American actor. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Joe Don Baker (born February 12, 1936) is an American film actor perhaps best known for his role as sheriff Buford Pusser in the American film classic Walking Tall. ... Ben Johnson Jr. ...


The Getaway

Stinging from the failure of Junior Bonner but eager to work with Peckinpah again, Steve McQueen presented him Walter Hill's screenplay to The Getaway. Based on the Jim Thompson novel, the gritty crime thriller detailed lovers on the run following a dangerous robbery. Both Peckinpah and McQueen needed a hit, and they immediately began working on the film in February of 1972.[61] Peckinpah had no pretensions about making The Getaway, as his only goal was to create a highly-polished thriller to boost his market value.[62] McQueen would play Doc McCoy, an imprisoned mastermind robber whose wife Carol (Ali MacGraw) conspires for his release on the condition they rob a bank in Texas. A doublecross follows the crime, and the McCoys are forced to flee for Mexico with both the police and criminals in hot pursuit. Replete with explosions, car chases and intense shootouts, the film would become Peckinpah's biggest financial success to date earning more than $25 million at the box office.[63] Though strictly a commercial product, Peckinpah's creative touches are scattered throughout, most notably during the intricately-edited opening sequence when McQueen's character is suffering from the pressures of prison life.[64] The film remains popular and was remade in 1994 (The Getaway), but its critical reputation has diminished as many Peckinpah admirers consider it a minor work.[65][66][67] Walter Hill (born January 10, 1942 in California) is a prominent American film director, who is known in particular for his revival of the Western. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... James Myers Thompson (September 27, 1906, Anadarko, Oklahoma Territory–April 7, 1977, Los Angeles, California) was an American writer of short stories, screenplays and novels, largely of the pulp fiction kind. ... Alice MacGraw (born April 1, 1938 in Pound Ridge, Westchester County, New York) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe award winning American actress. ... The Getaway is a 1994 remake of the 1972 classic. ...


Later career

The year 1973 would mark the beginning of the most difficult period of Peckinpah's life and career. While still filming The Getaway in El Paso, Texas, Peckinpah sneaked across the border into Juarez in April of 1972 and married Joie Gould. He had met Gould in England while filming Straw Dogs, and she had since been his companion and a part-time crew member. Peckinpah's intake of alcohol had increased dramatically while making The Getaway, and he became fond of saying, "I can't direct when I'm sober." He began to have violent mood swings and explosions of rage, at one point assaulting Gould. After four months, she returned to England and filed for divorce. Devastated by the breakup, Peckinpah fell into a self destructive pattern of almost continuous alcohol consumption, and his health would be unstable for the remainder of his life.[68] El Paso redirects here. ... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A mood swing is an extreme change in mood. ...


Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid

It was in this state of mind that Peckinpah agreed to make Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973) for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Based on the screenplay by Rudolph Wurlitzer (who had previously penned Two-Lane Blacktop, a film admired by Peckinpah), the director was convinced that he was about to make his definitive statement on the Western genre.[69] The script offered Peckinpah the opportunity to explore themes that appealed to him: two former partners forced by changing times onto opposite sides of the law, manipulated by corrupt economic interests. Peckinpah rewrote the screenplay, establishing Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid as friends, and attempted to weave an epic tragedy from the historical legend. Filmed on location in the Mexican state of Durango, the film starred James Coburn and Kris Kristofferson in the title roles, with a huge supporting cast including Bob Dylan (who would compose the film's music), Jason Robards, R.G. Armstrong, Richard Jaeckel, Jack Elam, Chill Wills, Katy Jurado, L.Q. Jones, Slim Pickens and Harry Dean Stanton.[70] From the beginning, Peckinpah began to have clashes with MGM and its president James Aubrey, known for his stifling of creative interests and eventual dismantling of the historic movie company.[71] Numerous production difficulties, including an outbreak of influenza and malfunctioning cameras, combined with Peckinpah's growing problems with alcohol, resulted in one of the most troubled productions of his career. The film finished 21 days behind schedule and $1.6 million over budget. Enraged, Aubrey severely cut Peckinpah's film from 124 to 106 minutes, resulting in Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid being released in a truncated version largely disowned by cast and crew members. Critics complained that the film was incoherent, and the experience soured Peckinpah forever on Hollywood. In 1988, however, Peckinpah's director's cut was released on video and led to a reevaluation, with many critics hailing it as a mistreated classic and one of the era's best films. Filmmakers, including Martin Scorsese, have praised the film as one of the greatest modern Westerns.[72][73] Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid is a 1973 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn and Kris Kristofferson. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Rudy Wurlitzer (b. ... This article is about the film. ... The United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos or Mexico) comprises 31 states (estados) and one federal district (Distrito Federal), which contains the capital, Mexico City. ... Durango (IPA pronunciation ) is one of the constituent states of Mexico. ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Richard Jaeckel Richard Hanley Jaeckel (October 10, 1926 - June 14, 1997) was an American actor. ... Jack Elam (November 13, 1920 — October 20, 2003) was an American film actor. ... Chill Theodore Wills (July 18, 1903 in Seagoville, Texas – December 15, 1978) was a movie actor and singer in the Avalon Boys Quartet. ... Katy Jurado (January 16, 1924 – July 5, 2002) was a Mexican actress. ... L.Q. Jones (born August 19, 1927 in Beaumont, Texas) is an American character actor and film director, best-known for his work in the films of Sam Peckinpah. ... Slim Pickens riding the bomb in the movie Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb Louis Bert Lindley, Jr. ... Harry Dean Stanton (born July 14, 1926 in West Irvine, Kentucky, USA) is an American actor. ... James Thomas Aubrey, Jr. ... Flu redirects here. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ...


Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia

In the eyes of his admirers, Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974) would be the last true "Peckinpah film." The director himself claimed that it was the only one of his films to be released exactly as he intended it. A project in development for many years and based on an idea by Frank Kowalski, Peckinpah wrote the screenplay with the assistance of Kowalski, Walter Kelley and Gordon Dawson. An alcohol-soaked fever dream involving revenge, greed and murder in the Mexican countryside, the film featured Warren Oates as a thinly disguised self-portrait of Peckinpah, and co-starred a leather bag containing the severed head of a gigolo being sought by a Mexican patrone for $1 million dollars. The macabre drama was part black comedy, action film and tragedy, with a warped edge rarely seen in Peckinpah's works. Most critics were repulsed, and it was listed in the book The 50 Worst Films of All Time by Harry Medved and Randy Dreyfuss.[74] One of the few critics to praise the film was Roger Ebert, and in fact, the film's reputation has grown in recent years, with many noting its uncompromising vision as well as its anticipation of the violent black comedy which would become famous in the works of such directors as David Lynch and Quentin Tarantino.[75] While a failure at the box office, the film today has a devoted cult following. In 1991, UCLA's film school organized a festival of great but forgotten American films, and included Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia in the program.[76][77] Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (Tráiganme la cabeza de Alfredo García) is a 1974 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... Warren Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American character actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah including The Wild Bunch (1969) and Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (1974). ... For other uses, see Macabre (disambiguation). ... This article is about the tone of comedy. ... Look up Action film in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Tragedy (disambiguation). ... The Fifty Worst Films Of All Time (ISBN 0449041395) is a 1978 book by Harry and Michael Medved, which represents their nominations for the 50 worst sound films ever made, in alphabetical order. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... A cult film is a film that has acquired a highly devoted but relatively small group of fans. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the...


The Killer Elite

His career now suffering from back-to-back box office failures, Peckinpah once again was in need of a hit on the level of The Getaway. For his next film he chose The Killer Elite (1975), an action-filled espionage thriller starring James Caan and Robert Duvall. Filmed on location in San Francisco, Peckinpah allegedly discovered cocaine for the first time thanks to Caan and his entourage.[78] This led to increased paranoia and his once legendary dedication to detail deteriorated. Producers also refused to allow Peckinpah to rewrite the screenplay (for the first time since his debut film The Deadly Companions). Frustrated, the director spent large amounts of time in his on-location trailer, allowing assistants to direct many scenes. At one point he overdosed on cocaine, landing himself in a hospital and receiving a second pacemaker. Through it all, the film was completed and did decent box office business, though critics panned it. Today, the movie is considered one of Peckinpah's weakest films, and an example of his decline as a major director.[79][80] The Killer Elite is an action thriller starring James Caan and Robert Duvall. ... James Langston Edmund Caan (born March 26, 1940) is an American Academy Award, Emmy and Golden Globe-nominated American film, stage and television actor. ... Robert Selden Duvall (born January 5, 1931) is an Academy Award-, two-time Emmy Award-, and four-time Golden Globe Award-winning American film actor and director. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... The Deadly Companions was a Western film released in 1961. ... The term drug overdose (or simply overdose) describes the ingestion or application of a drug or other substance in quantities greater than are recommended or generally practiced. ... A pacemaker, scale in centimeters A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the hearts natural pacemaker) is a medical device which uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contacting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart. ...

Image File history File links Cross_Iron. ... Image File history File links Cross_Iron. ...

Cross of Iron

Still renowned in 1975, Peckinpah was offered the opportunity to direct the eventual blockbusters King Kong (1976) and Superman (1978).[81] Interestingly, he turned down both offers and chose instead the bleak and vivid World War II drama Cross of Iron (1977). The screenplay was based on a novel about a platoon of German soldiers in 1943 on the verge of utter collapse on Crimean Peninsula. The German production was filmed on location in Yugoslavia. Working with James Hamilton and Walter Kelley, Peckinpah rewrote the screenplay and screened numerous Nazi documentaries in preparation. Almost immediately, Peckinpah realized he was working on a low-budget production, as he had to sink $90,000 of his own money to hire experienced crew members. While not suffering from the cocaine abuse which marked The Killer Elite, Peckinpah continued to drink heavily causing his direction to become confused and erratic. The production abruptly ran out of funds, and Peckinpah was forced to completely improvise the concluding sequence, filming the scene in one day. Despite these obstacles, the film's war footage was stunning and James Coburn, in the lead role of Rolf Steiner, would give one of the finest performances of his career. Co-starring James Mason, Maximilian Schell, David Warner and Senta Berger, Cross of Iron was noted for its opening montage utilizing documentary footage as well as the visceral impact of the unusually intense battle sequences. The film was a huge box office success in Europe, inspiring the sequel Breakthrough starring Richard Burton.[82] Cross of Iron was reportedly a favorite of Orson Welles', and he would say after All Quiet On The Western Front it was the finest anti-war film he had ever seen.[83] The film performed poorly in the U.S., though today it is highly regarded and considered the last gasp of Peckinpah's once-great talent.[84][85] King Kong (also known as King Kong: The Legend Reborn) is a 1976 American motion picture produced by Dino de Laurentiis and directed by John Guillermin. ... For the series of films, see Superman (film series). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Cross of Iron is a 1977 drama war film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn, James Mason, Maximilian Schell, and David Warner. ... The German Army (German: [1], [IPA: heɐ]  ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Combatants Soviet Union,[1] Poland, Tannu Tuva (until 1944 incorporation with USSR), Mongolia Germany,[2] Italy (to 1943), Romania (to 1944), Finland (to 1944), Hungary, Slovakia, Croatia, Spain (to 1943, unofficial) Commanders Joseph Stalin, Aleksei Antonov, Ivan Konev, Rodion Malinovsky, Ivan Bagramyan, Kirill Meretskov, Ivan Petrov, Alexander Rodimtsev, Konstantin Rokossovsky... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazi propaganda is the term that describes the psychologically powerful propaganda within Nazi Germany, much of which was centered around Jews, consistently alleged to be the source of Germanys economic problems. ... James Coburn in Sam Peckinpahs Cross of Iron (1977). ... James Neville Mason (May 15, 1909 – July 27, 1984) was a three-time Academy Award nominated English actor who attained stardom in both British and American films. ... Maximilian Schell (born December 8, 1930) is an Academy Award-winning Austrian actor who has appeared in over 92 film/television roles. ... David Warner David Warner (born July 29, 1941 in Manchester, England) is an English actor who often plays sinister or evil characters. ... Senta Berger in When Women Had Tails / 1970. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Richard Burton, see Richard Burton (disambiguation). ... George Orson Welles (May 6, 1915 – October 10, 1985) was an Academy Award-winning American director, writer, actor and producer for film, stage, radio and television. ... For the films, see All Quiet on the Western Front (1930 film) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1979 film). ...


Convoy

Hoping to create the elusive blockbuster, Peckinpah decided to take on Convoy (1978). His associates were perplexed, as they felt his choice to direct such substandard material was a result of his renewed cocaine use and continued alcoholism. Based on the hit song by C.W. McCall, the film was an attempt to capitalize on the huge success of Smokey and the Bandit (1977). Addictions or not, Peckinpah still felt compelled to turn the genre exercise into something more significant. Unhappy with the screenplay written by B.W.L. Norton, Peckinpah tried to encourage the actors to re-write, improvise and ad-lib their dialogue. In another departure from the script, Peckinpah attempted to add a new dimension by casting a pair of black actors as members of the convoy including Madge Sinclair as Widow Woman and Franklyn Ajaye as Spider Mike. Filmed on location in New Mexico and starring Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw and Ernest Borgnine, Convoy would turn out to be yet another troubled Peckinpah production. The director's health became a continuing problem, so James Coburn was brought in to serve as second unit director, and he would film many of the scenes while Peckinpah remained in his on-location trailer. The film wrapped in September of 1977, 11 days behind schedule and $5 million over budget. Surprisingly, Convoy was the highest-grossing picture of Peckinpah's career, notching $46.5 million at the box office. But his reputation was seriously damaged. For the first time in almost a decade, Peckinpah finished a picture and found himself unemployed.[86][87] Convoy is a 1978 action film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw, Ernest Borgnine and Burt Young. ... Convoy is a 1975 novelty song performed by C.W. McCall (pseudonym of Bill Fries) that became a number-one hit in the USA and helped start a worldwide craze for citizens band (CB) radio. ... C.W. McCall is the pseudonym of William Dale Fries (born November 15, 1928) in Audubon, Iowa, USA. In 1972, while working for an Omaha, Nebraska advertising firm, Bozell Jacobs, Fries created a television campaign for the Metz Baking Company. ... Smokey and the Bandit is a 1977 movie starring Burt Reynolds, Sally Field, Jackie Gleason, Jerry Reed, Pat McCormick, Paul Williams, and Mike Henry. ... Madge Dorita Sinclair, born Madge Dorita Walters (April 28, 1938 in Kingston, Jamaica— December 20, 1995 in Los Angeles, California) was an Emmy-winning Jamaican actress. ... Franklyn Ajaye (born May 13, 1949) is an African-American stand-up comedian. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... Kristoffer Kris Kristofferson (born June 22, 1936) is an influential American country music songwriter, singer and actor. ... Alice MacGraw (born April 1, 1938 in Pound Ridge, Westchester County, New York) is an Academy Award-nominated and Golden Globe award winning American actress. ... Ermes Effron Borgnino or better known as Ernest Borgnine (born January 24, 1917[1][2]) is a Golden Globe-, BAFTA- and Academy Award-winning American actor. ...


For the next three years, Peckinpah remained a professional outcast. But during the summer of 1981, his original mentor Don Siegel gave him a chance to return to filmmaking. While shooting Jinxed!, a comedy drama starring Bette Midler and Rip Torn, Siegel asked Peckinpah if he would be interested in directing 12 days of second unit work. Peckinpah immediately accepted, and his earnest collaboration was noted within the industry. For the final time, Peckinpah found himself back in the directing business.[88][89][90] Don Siegel (October 26, 1912 - April 20, 1991) was an influential American film director. ... Jinxed! is a comedy movie directed by Don Siegel and after Siegel suffered a heart attack during production an uncredited Sam Peckinpah stepped in to finish the film. ... Bette Midler (born December 1, 1945) is an American singer, actress and comedienne, also known to her fans as The Divine Miss M. She is named after the actress Bette Davis although Davis pronounced her first name in two syllables, and Midler uses one. ... Rip Torn (born February 6, 1931) is an American Academy Award-nominated and Emmy Award-winning television and film actor, who is perhaps best known for his role as Artie on the HBO comedy series The Larry Sanders Show. ...


The Osterman Weekend

By 1982, however, Peckinpah's health was in poor shape. Producers Peter S. Davis and William N. Panzer were undaunted, as they felt that having Peckinpah's name attached to The Osterman Weekend (1983) would lend the suspense thriller an air of respectability. Peckinpah accepted the job but reportedly hated the convoluted screenplay based upon Robert Ludlum's novel (which he also disliked). Multiple actors in Hollywood auditioned for the film, intrigued by the opportunity. Many of those who signed on, including John Hurt, Burt Lancaster and Dennis Hopper, did so for less than their usual salaries for a chance to work with the legendary director. By the time shooting wrapped in January of 1983 in Los Angeles, Peckinpah and the producers were hardly speaking. Nevertheless, Peckinpah brought in the film on time and on budget, delivering his director's cut to the producers. Davis and Panzer were unhappy with Peckinpah's version, which included a grossly distorted opening sequence of two characters making love. The producers changed the opening and also deleted other scenes they deemed unnecessary. The Osterman Weekend had some effective action sequences and some strong supporting performances, but Peckinpah's final film was critically panned. It grossed $6 million domestically and did extremely well in Europe and on the new home-video market.[91][90] William Panzer (1942-2007) was an american television and movie producer best known as one half of Davis-Panzer Inc, the production company behind the Highlander (series) franchise. ... Movie poster for The Osterman Weekend The Osterman Weekend is a 1983 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... Thriller films are movies that primarily use action and suspense to engage the audience. ... Robert Ludlum (May 25, 1927 New York City â€“ March 12, 2001 Naples, Florida) was an American author of 21 thriller novels. ... For the singer, see Mississippi John Hurt. ... Burt Lancaster (2 November 1913 – 20 October 1994) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique, distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy image. ... Dennis Lee Hopper (born May 17, 1936) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor and film-maker. ... A directors cut is a specially edited version of a film, and less often TV series, music video, commercials or video games, that is supposed to represent the directors own approved edit. ...


Peckinpah's last work as a filmmaker was undertaken just two months before his death. He was hired by producer Martin Lewis to shoot two music videos featuring Julian Lennon - "Valotte" and "Too Late For Goodbyes." The critically-acclaimed videos led to Lennon's nomination for Best New Video Artist at the 1985 MTV Video Music Awards.[92][93] Martin Lewis. ... John Charles Julian Lennon known universally as Julian Lennon, (born April 8, 1963 in Liverpool, England) is an English singer, songwriter, musician, and first son of Beatle John Lennon and the only child of his first wife Cynthia Lennon. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ...


Themes

Peckinpah's films generally deal with the conflict between values and ideals and the corruption and violence of human society. His characters are often loners or losers who harbor the desire to be honorable and idealistic but are forced to compromise themselves in order to survive in a world of nihilism and brutality. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


The conflicts of masculinity are also a major theme of his work, leading some critics to compare him to Ernest Hemingway. Peckinpah's world is a man's world, and feminists have castigated his films as misogynistic and sexist, especially concerning the shooting of a woman during the final moments of The Wild Bunch, the rape sequence in Straw Dogs and Doc McCoy's physical assault of his wife in The Getaway. His defenders point out that, while the women in his films are generally seen through men's eyes, it is the men who are abusive, corrupted and violent. The women are either victims of the brutalities of men or survivors attempting to eke out an existence in the unforgiving world created by men. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 — July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... Straw Dogs is a 1971 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Dustin Hoffman and Susan George. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ...


Peckinpah's approach to violence is often misinterpreted. Many critics see his worldview as a misanthropic, Hobbesian view of nature as essentially evil and savage. In fact, Peckinpah himself stated the opposite. He saw violence as the product of human society, and not of nature. It is the result of men's competition with each other over power and domination, and their inability to negotiate this competition without resorting to brutality. Peckinpah also used violence as a means to achieve catharsis, believing his audience would be purged of violence by witnessing it explicitly on screen (one of the major inspirations for his violent sequences in The Wild Bunch). Peckinpah later admitted that this idea was mistaken, and that audiences had come to enjoy the violence in his films rather than be horrified by it, something that deeply troubled him later in his career. This article is about the philosopher Thomas Hobbes. ... Catharsis is the Greek Katharsis word meaning purification or cleansing derived from the ancient Greek gerund καθαίρειν transliterated as kathairein to purify, purge, and adjective katharos pure or clean (ancient and modern Greek: καθαρός). // The term in drama refers to a sudden emotional breakdown or climax that constitutes overwhelming feelings of great...


Peckinpah, who was born to a ranching family that included judges and lawyers, was also deeply concerned by the conflict between "old-fashioned" values and the corruption and materialism of the modern world. Many of his characters are attempting to live up to their expectations of themselves even as the world they live in demands that they compromise their values. This is most explicitly stated in the famous exchange from Ride the High Country in which Steve Judd (Joel McCrea) states that "All I want is to enter my house justified." Many believe that this line is taken directly from a common expression used by David Peckinpah, the director's father. Ride the High Country is a noted 1962 western film. ... Joel Albert McCrea, (November 5, 1905 - October 20, 1990) was an American film actor. ...


This theme is most evident in Peckinpah's Westerns. Unlike most Western directors, Peckinpah tended to concentrate on the early 20th century rather than the 19th, and his films portray characters who still believe in the values of the Old West being swept away by the new, industrial America.


This persistent theme has led many critics to view Peckinpah's films as essentially tragic. That is, his characters are portrayed as being prisoners of their fates and their own failings who nonetheless seek redemption and meaning in an absurd and violent world. The theme of longing for redemption, justification, and honor in a dishonorable existence permeates almost all of Peckinpah's work and has helped to elevate his reputation from that of a skilled director of action films to one of the greatest cinematic artists of his era.


Influence

Peckinpah's influence on modern cinema is enormous and pervasive, perhaps greater than any of his contemporaries. However, this influence is also often shallow and purely aesthetic in nature, ignoring some of Peckinpah's greatest strengths in favor of pure imitation of his stylish approach to cinematic violence. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


Peckinpah's greatest influence is upon the modern action film and the modern approach to action sequences. His signature combination of slow-motion, fast editing, and the deliberate distension of time has become the standard depiction of violence and action in post-Peckinpavian cinema. The approach to action in movies can be divided between before Peckinpah and after Peckinpah. While films before The Wild Bunch had used similar techniques, especially Bonnie and Clyde and Seven Samurai, Peckinpah was the first to use them as a distinct style rather than as specific set pieces. Directors such as Martin Scorsese have acknowledged Peckinpah's direct influence on their approach to film violence. John Woo derived his techniques extensively from Peckinpah, adding his own touch of choreography and action concepts. Additional filmmakers who have noted Peckinpah's influence have included Paul Schrader, Walter Hill, John Milius, Quentin Tarantino and Park Chan-wook. Bonnie and Clyde is an Academy Award winning 1967 film about Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, the bank robbers who roamed the central United States during the Great Depression. ... For other uses, see Seven Samurai (disambiguation). ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (b. ... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... Paul Joseph Schrader (born July 22, 1946 in Grand Rapids, Michigan) is an American screenwriter and film director. ... Walter Hill (born January 10, 1942 in California) is a prominent American film director, who is known in particular for his revival of the Western. ... John Milius (born April 11, 1944 in St. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an Academy Award- and Palme dOr-winning American film director, screenwriter and actor. ... Park Chan-wook (born August 23, 1963 in Tanyan) is a South Korean director and screenwriter. ...


Peckinpah's themes have also been influential on other filmmakers and other Western films. Clint Eastwood's films High Plains Drifter, The Outlaw Josey Wales and Unforgiven also take up Peckinpah's themes of the dangers of revenge, the nature of human violence, and men seeking to be honorable in dishonorable surroundings. The theme of the passing of the West into history and the destruction of the Western way of life by modern industrialism has also been taken up by many post-Peckinpah Westerns. For other uses, see Clint Eastwood (disambiguation). ... High Plains Drifter is a 1973 Revisionist Western film starring and directed by Clint Eastwood, wherein he plays a character clearly influenced by the Man with No Name from Sergio Leones A Fistful of Dollars and its sequels, and also Django the Bastard - 1969. ... The Outlaw Josey Wales is a 1976 revisionist Western movie set at the end of the American Civil War starring Clint Eastwood (as the eponymous Josey Wales), Chief Dan George, Sondra Locke, Bill McKinney, John Vernon, Paula Trueman, Sam Bottoms, Geraldine Keams, Woodrow Parfrey, Joyce Jameson, Sheb Wooley, and Royal... This article is about the 1992 film. ...


In many ways, Peckinpah's greatest legacy lies in his aggressive breaking of taboos. He allowed a new freedom to emerge in cinema, not only in the depiction of violence, but also in editing styles, narrative choices, and the willingness to portray unsympathetic or tragic characters and stories. His notorious reputation has often overshadowed the depth of his influence on modern film.


In Popular Culture

  • There have been at least 12 books written on Sam Peckinpah's life and career including Bloody Sam: The Life and Films of Sam Peckinpah by Marshall Fine, If They Move…Kill 'Em! by David Weddle, Peckinpah A Portrait in Montage by Garner Simmons and Peckinpah: The Western Films, A Reconsideration by Paul Seydor.[94]
  • Sam Peckinpah has been the subject of two documentaries including the BBC production Sam Peckinpah: Man of Iron (1992), directed by Paul Joyce, and The Wild Bunch: An Album in Montage (1996) directed by Paul Seydor. The latter was nominated for an Academy Award as Best Documentary Short Subject.[95][96]
  • John Belushi portrayed Peckinpah as a deranged lunatic who directs his first romantic comedy by beating up his cast in the first season, fifth episode of Saturday Night Live. Many in Hollywood said the SNL sketch inadverently gave a portrayal of the real Sam Peckinpah.[97]
  • Peckinpah's use of violence was parodied by Monty Python in Sam Peckinpah's "Salad Days", one of the more controversial episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus, in which a lovely day out for an upper class English family turns into a blood-soaked orgy of severed limbs and gushing wounds.[98]
  • Peckinpah's penchant for filming action scenes in slow motion was satirized by Benny Hill in a Western skit called "The Deputy" that first aired on his March 29, 1973 special. In one scene, Hill's titular character shoots one of the villains (Bob Todd), who then proceeds to pirouette in extremely slow motion before collapsing.
  • In the film Fletch (1985), the main character, imitating a doctor in order to examine medical records, calls out, "And Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia!"[99]
  • In the 1973 Sergio Leone/Tonino Valerii spaghetti western, My Name is Nobody, the characters Jack Beauregard (Henry Fonda) and "Nobody" (Terence Hill) meet at a cemetery. Nobody walks past the tombstones reading the names and comes across one labeled "Sam Peckimpah." He says "Sam Peckimpah. That's a beautiful name in Navajo." Leone pays further tribute to Peckinpah by naming a gang in the film "The Wild Bunch." Nobody has Beauregard face The Wild Bunch in order to be known in history books.
  • Various Peckinpah films are parodied in Jim Reardon's student film Bring Me the Head of Charlie Brown.
  • In the film Deadfall (1993), when the character Eddie (Nicholas Cage) mortally wounds a would-be assassin, he asks the man "Who sent you?" The killer responds, "Sam fuckin' Peckinpah."
  • In the John Waters film Cecil B. DeMented (2000), several characters have the name of a legendary film director tattooed on their body. One of the characters has "Sam Peckinpah" tattooed on their arm.[100]
  • In the 1986 horror film Chopping Mall, a store in the mall that survivors use to supply themselves with assault rifles, ammunition and grenades is named Peckinpah's Sporting Goods, a wry reference to the director's film violence.[101]
  • In the 2006 film Hot Fuzz, one of the characters is mentioned to be an extra in Straw Dogs, and a farm is owned by the Treachers, making it Treacher Farm.
  • In the 1993 Denis Leary song "I'm an Asshole".Leary states he is going to get the Duke (John Wayne), John Cassavetes, Lee Marvin, Sam Peckinpah and a case of whiskey then drive down to Texas before being cutoff by a bandmate and getting called an asshole.

David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... This is a list of films that have received an Oscar and nomination for best documentary short subject. ... John Adam Belushi (January 24, 1949 – March 5, 1982) was an Emmy Award-winning American comedian, actor and musician, notable for his work on Saturday Night Live, National Lampoons Animal House, and The Blues Brothers. ... SNL redirects here. ... Monty Python, or The Pythons,[2][3] is the collective name of the creators of Monty Pythons Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. ... Sam Peckinpahs Salad Days is a Monty Pythons Flying Circus episode from season 3 (episode 33). ... This article is about the television series. ... Alfred Hawthorn Hill (21 January 1924 – 19 April 1992), better known as Benny Hill, was a prolific English comic, actor and singer, best known for his television programme, The Benny Hill Show. ... Bob Todd (15 December 1921 – 21 October 1992) was a British comedy actor, mostly known for being a sidekick of Benny Hill and Spike Milligan. ... Fletch is a 1985 comedy film about a wisecracking investigative newspaper reporter, Irwin Fletcher (Chevy Chase, at the height of his popularity), who writes under the name of Jane Doe. ... Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (Tráiganme la cabeza de Alfredo García) is a 1974 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... Once Upon a Time in the West, in true Sergio Leone style, ends with an extended shootout scene between Harmonica (Charles Bronson) and Frank (Henry Fonda). ... My Name is Nobody (also known as Il mio nome è Nessuno and Lonesome Gun) is a 1973 spaghetti western comedy film. ... Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was a highly acclaimed Academy Award-winning American film and stage actor, best known for his roles as plain-speaking idealists. ... Terence Hill (born Mario Girotti March 29, 1939) is an Italian-born actor. ... Jim Reardon is a director and storyboard consultant for episodes of the animated TV series The Simpsons. ... Bring Me the Head of Charlie Brown is an animated short done by Jim Reardon, who would later become director and storyboard consultant for The Simpsons. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Nicolas Cage (born January 7, 1964) is an American actor. ... John Waters (born April 22, 1946) is an American filmmaker, writer, personality, visual artist and art collector, who rose to fame in the early 1970s for his transgressive cult films. ... Cecil B. Demented is a 2000 cult film directed by John Waters. ... Chopping Mall is an American horror / science fiction film, originally released on March 21, 1986 under the title Killbots. ... Not to be confused with Hot Fuss. ...

Filmography

The Deadly Companions was a Western film released in 1961. ... Ride the High Country is a noted 1962 western film. ... Major Dundee was a 1965 Western film written by Harry Julian Fink and directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... Noon Wine is a novella written by American author Katherine Anne Porter in 1937. ... This article is about the live-action fiction movie. ... The Ballad of Cable Hogue is a 1970 motion picture directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Jason Robards, Stella Stevens and David Warner. ... Straw Dogs is a 1971 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Dustin Hoffman and Susan George. ... Junior Bonner is a contemporary western film and melodrama released in 1972 and starring Steve McQueen, Joe Don Baker, Robert Preston and Ida Lupino. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid is a 1973 film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn and Kris Kristofferson. ... Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia (Tráiganme la cabeza de Alfredo García) is a 1974 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ... The Killer Elite is an action thriller starring James Caan and Robert Duvall. ... Cross of Iron is a 1977 drama war film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring James Coburn, James Mason, Maximilian Schell, and David Warner. ... Convoy is a 1978 action film directed by Sam Peckinpah and starring Kris Kristofferson, Ali MacGraw, Ernest Borgnine and Burt Young. ... Jinxed! is a comedy movie directed by Don Siegel and after Siegel suffered a heart attack during production an uncredited Sam Peckinpah stepped in to finish the film. ... Movie poster for The Osterman Weekend The Osterman Weekend is a 1983 film directed by Sam Peckinpah. ...

Television credits

  • 1955-58 Gunsmoke
    • Episode 10 - The Queue (Writer)
    • Epsidoe 18 - Yorky (Writer)
    • Episode 27 - Corker (Writer)
    • Episode 31 - How To Die For Nothing (Writer)
    • Episode 35 - The Guitar (Writer)
    • Episode 43 - The Round Up (Writer)
    • Episode 47 - Legal Revenge (Writer)
    • Episode 52 - Poor Pearl (Writer)
    • Episode 78 - Jealousy (Writer)
    • Episode 103 - Dirt (Writer)
  • 1956-58 Broken Arrow
    • Episode 29 - The Assassin (Writer)
    • Episode 41 - The Teacher (Writer)
    • Episode 72 - The Transfer (Writer & Director)
  • 1958 Have Gun, Will Travel
    • Episode 22 - The Singer (Co-Writer)
  • 1958-63 The Rifleman
    • Episode 1 - The Sharpshooter (Writer)
    • Episode 2 - Home Ranch (Writer)
    • Episode 4 - The Marshal (Writer & Director)
    • Episode 22 - The Boarding House (Writer & Director)
    • Episode 33 - The Money Gun (Co-Writer & Director)
    • Episode 52 - The Baby Sitter (Co-Writer & Director)
  • 1960 The Westerner
    • Episode 1 - Jeff (Writer & Director)
    • Episode 2 - School Days (Writer & Director)
    • Episode 3 - Brown (Director)
    • Episode 4 - Mrs. Kennedy (Writer)
    • Episode 6 - The Courting of Libby (Director)
    • Episode 8 - The Old Man (Co-Director)
    • Episode 12 - Hand on the Gun (Director)
    • Episode 13 - The Painting (Director)
  • 1960 Klondike
    • Episode 1 - Klondike Fever (Co-Writer and Director)
    • Episode 2 - River of Gold (Director)
    • Episode 3 - Saints And Stickups (Director)
    • Episode 4 - The Unexpected Candidate (Director)
    • Episode 5 - 88 Keys To Trouble (Director)
    • Episode 6 - Swoger's Mules (Co-Writer and Director)
    • Episode 7 - Sure Thing, Men (Director)
    • Episode 8 - A Taste of Danger (Director)
    • Episode 9 - Bare Knuckles (Director)
    • Episode 10 - Halliday's Club (Director)
    • Episode 11 - Bathhouse Justice (Director)
    • Episode 12 - Swing Your Partner (Co-Writer)
    • Episode 13 - The Golden Burro (Director)
    • Episode 14 - Queen of the Klondike (Director)
    • Episode 15 - The Man Who Owned Skagway (Director)
    • Episode 16 - Sitka Madonna (Director)
    • Episode 17 - The Hostages (Director)

This article is about the radio and television series. ... Broken Arrow was a Western series which told a fictionalized account of the historical relationship between Indian agent Tom Jeffords (played by John Lupton) and Michael Ansara as the Chiricahua Apache chief Cochise. ... Have Gun, Will Travel was a popular American television Western that aired from on CBS 1957 through 1963. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Westerner is a 1960 Western television series created by Sam Peckinpah, starring Brian Keith as Dave Blassingame, and featuring John Dehner as semi-regular Burgundy Smith. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 3. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  2. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 16. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  3. ^ Internet Movie Database, David E. Peckinpah. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-23.
  4. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 5. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  5. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 10–11. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  6. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 18. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  7. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 52–59. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  8. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 104–105. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  9. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 116–119. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  10. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 120. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  11. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 499–500. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  12. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 56. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  13. ^ a b Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 63–64. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  14. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 163. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  15. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 479. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  16. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 380. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  17. ^ a b Internet Movie Database, Sam Peckinpah. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  18. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 550. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  19. ^ Internet Movie Database, Biography Sam Peckinpah. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.
  20. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 126. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  21. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 28. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  22. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 28–29. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  23. ^ Internet Movie Database, Full cast and crew for Klondike. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  24. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 29–30. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  25. ^ Internet Movie Database, Episode list for The Rifleman. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  26. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 31–34. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  27. ^ Internet Movie Database, The Westerner. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  28. ^ Internet Movie Database, Trivia for The Westerner. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  29. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 168–184. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  30. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 197–198. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  31. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 36–39. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  32. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 198–219. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  33. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 41–54. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  34. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 229–244. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
  35. ^ Simmons, Garner (1982). Peckinpah, A Portrait in Montage. University of Texas Press, 55–72. ISBN 0-292-76493-6. 
  36. ^ Internet Movie Database, Trivia for Major Dundee. imdb.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  37. ^ Carroll, E. Jean (March 1982), "Last of the Desperadoes: Dueling with Sam Peckinpah", Rocky Mountain Magazine 
  38. ^ Weddle, David (1994). "If They Move…Kill 'Em!". Grove Press, 257–263. ISBN 0-8021-3776-8. 
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David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 209th day of the year (210th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 279th day of the year (280th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... David Weddle is an American writer, best known for writing episodes of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine and Battlestar Galactica with Bradley Thompson. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sam Peckinpah:biography of director sam peckinpahr:sam peckinpah images,videos,merchandise (650 words)
Sam Peckinpah was born on February 21, 1925, in Fresno, California.
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Sam Peckinpah - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2959 words)
Sam joined the Marines in 1943 and in 1945 his battalion was sent to China with the task of disarming Japanese soldiers and repatriating them.
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Peckinpah's use of violence was parodied by Monty Python in Sam Peckinpah's "Salad Days", one of the more controversial episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus, in which a lovely day out for an upper class English family turns into a blood-soaked orgy of severed limbs and gushing wounds.
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