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Encyclopedia > Salzgitter

Coordinates: 52°9′N 10°20′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Salzgitter
Coat of arms of Salzgitter Location of Salzgitter in Germany

Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District urban district
Population 108,340 source (2005)
Area 223.96 km²
Population density 484 /km²
Elevation 80-275 m
Coordinates 52°9′ N 10°20′ E
Postal code 38201-38259
Area code 05341, 05300
Licence plate code SZ
Mayor Frank Klingebiel (CDU)
Website salzgitter.de

Salzgitter is a city in southeast Lower Saxony, Germany, located between Hildesheim and Braunschweig. Salzgitter is an independent city. Together with Wolfsburg and Braunschweig, Salzgitter is one of the seven Oberzentren of Lower Saxony (roughly equivalent to a metropolitan area). With 109,142 inhabitants and 223.94 km² (as of 30 January 2004), its area is one of the biggest in Germany. The main shopping street of the young city is in the borough Salzgitter-Lebenstedt, and the central business district is in Salzgitter-Bad. The city is connected to the Mittellandkanal and the Elbe-Seitenkanal by a distributary. The nearest metropolises are Braunschweig, about 23 km to the northeast, and Hanover, about 51 km to the northwest. The population of the City of Salzgitter has exceeded 100,000 inhabitants since its foundation in 1942 (which made it a city in contrast to a town by the German definition), when it was still called Watenstedt-Salzgitter. Beside Wolfsburg, Leverkusen and Eisenhüttenstadt, Salzgitter therefore is one of the few towns in Germany founded during the 20th century. Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Salzgitter. ... Image File history File links Karte_Salzgitter_in_Deutschland. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, known as Postleitzahl (pl. ... see also Telephone numbering plan of Germany for further codes including service numbers, cell phones etc. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... A website (or Web site) is a collection of web pages, typically common to a particular domain name or subdomain on the World Wide Web on the Internet. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... â–¶ (help· info) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Braunschweig (historic English name Brunswick, Low Saxon Brunswiek) is a city of 245,500 people (as of December 31, 2004), located in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ... Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Metropolitan area in Western Tokyo as seen from Tokyo Tower A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A Central business district (CBD) or downtown is a commercial heart of a city. ... The Mittellandkanal is, at 320 km, the longest artificial waterway in Germany. ... distributary in Else and Hase at Melle A seasonal Distributary of the Kaveri river on the Kaveri delta, near Nannilam, India. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ... km redirects here. ... Hanover (German: Hannover []), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Leverkusen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Eisenhüttenstadt (literally ironworks city in German; pronunciation) is a city in Brandenburg, Germany. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

Contents

About the changing names

Until 31st March 1942, "Salzgitter" was the name of a town where now the quarter "Salzgitter-Bad" is. Until 1951, "Salzgitter" was a quarter of the then city "Watenstedt-Salzgitter". In 1951, the quarter "Salzgitter" was renamed as "Salzgitter-Bad"; the name "Salzgitter", that had become free this way, became the new and more succinct name of the city that was called "Watenstedt-Salzgitter" until then. (Nowadays, "Salzgitter-Watenstedt" is the name of a small quarter with some hundred inhabitants.)


Geography

Salzgitter is located in a bride dell coated with loess, between the Oderwald Forest and the Salzgitter-Höhenzug ("Salzgitter Hills"). The largest extension of the city area is 24 km from north to south and 19 km from east to west. The highest point in it is the hill Hamberg (275 m), located north-west from Salzgitter-Bad. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Neighbouring municipalities

The following cities, towns and municipalities border on the City of Salzgitter. They will be named clock-wise, beginning in the North East. (As the City of Salzgitter was founded on the area of the District (Landkreis) Wolfenbüttel, that district borders on Salzgitter in the west and in the east; that is why it is named twice.) A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ...

  • Braunschweig (independent city)
  • in the Landkreis Wolfenbüttel: City of Wolfenbüttel, Cramme, Flöthe (both belonging to Samtgemeinde Oderwald), Gielde (Samtgemeinde Schladen)
  • in the Landkreis Goslar: Liebenburg, Wallmoden, Samtgemeinde Lutter am Barenberge
  • in the Landkreis Wolfenbüttel: Sehlde, Haverlah, Elbe, Baddeckenstedt, Burgdorf bei Salzgitter (all Samtgemeinde Baddeckenstedt)
  • in the Landkreis Hildesheim: Söhlde
  • in the Landkreis Peine: Lengede, Vechelde

Wolfenbüttel is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... An Amt (plural Ämter) is an administrative unit, which is unique to the German Bundesländer (federal states) of Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and Brandenburg. ... Goslar is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Hildesheim is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Peine is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...

City structure

Salzgitter and its 31 villages
Salzgitter and its 31 villages

The area of the City of Salzgitter consists of 31 quarters (often called villages): Bad, Barum, Beddingen, Beinum, Bleckenstedt, Bruchmachtersen, Calbecht, Drütte, Engelnstedt, Engerode, Flachstöckheim, Gebhardshagen, Gitter, Groß Mahner, Hallendorf, Heerte, Hohenrode, Immendorf, Lebenstedt, Lesse, Lichtenberg, Lobmachtersen, Ohlendorf, Osterlinde, Reppner, Ringelheim, Salder, Sauingen, Thiede, Üfingen, Watenstedt. Image File history File links Salzgitter_map. ... Image File history File links Salzgitter_map. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ...


These 31 quarters are combined to 7 Towns. As a board, every Town has got a Town Council, elected by the population allowed to elect, with a Town Mayor. A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ...


The Towns with their quarters are:

  • Norh Town: Lebenstedt, Salder, Bruchmachtersen, Engelnstedt
  • North East Town: Thiede, Beddingen, Üfingen, Sauingen
  • North West Town: Lichtenberg, Osterlinde, Reppner, Lesse
  • East Town: Hallendorf, Bleckenstedt, Drütte, Immendorf, Watenstedt
  • South Town: Bad, Gitter, Groß Mahner, Ringelheim, Hohenrode
  • South East Town: Flachstöckheim, Barum, Beinum, Lobmachtersen, Ohlendorf
  • West Town: Gebhardshagen, Calbecht, Engerode, Heerte

History

  • Salzgitter originated in the beginning 14th century around salt springs near the village Verpstedt (later Vöppstedt).
  • 'The name developed from the neighbouring village Gitter (nowadays a quarter) as "up dem solte to Gytere", which means "Salt near Gitter"; the first mention was in 1347.
  • After 200 years of saltern at various springs, the peasants in the area, which is Salzgitter nowadays, were chartered around 1350, but, however, lost municipal law when being transferred to the Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the beginning 16th century. Later, Salzgitter belonged to the diocese Hildesheim. When that was transferred to Prussia in 1803, the municipal laws were reconfirmed, but were taken again in 1815, when Salzgitter became part of the Kingdom of Hanover.
  • In 1830, a brine bath was established in Salzgitter.
  • After the Kingdom of Hanover was transferred to Prussia in 1866, Salzgitter became a Prussian municipality, which was chartered again in 1929. Before, the towns Vorsalz and Liebenhall had been incorporated (1926, 1928). Salzgitter belonged to the Landkreis (district) Goslar and included beside Salzgitter itself also some small settlements like Gittertor, which is part of Salzgitter-Bad nowadays.
  • In 1936, Kniestedt, was incorporated; it is part of Salzgitter-Bad by now, too.
  • Due to the large iron ore body in Salzgitter, which had been mentioned first in 1310, the National Socialists founded the "Reichswerke Hermann Göring" (Reich works Herrmann Göring) for ore mining and ironworks in 1937.
  • In 1938, the neighbouring municipality Gitter was incorporated.
  • As the smelting works were supposed to develop economically well, a unique administration structure in the whole area was necessary. Therefore the Order about the area settlement around the Hermann-Göring-Werke Salzgitter as from 1st April 1942 disposed to form a unique city district (Independent City). For this aim, the town of Salzgitter and the municipalities Beinum, Flachstöckheim, Groß-Mahner, Hohenrode, Ohlendorf and Ringelheim (7 altogether, all belonging to the Landkreis Goslar) and Barum, Beddingen, Bleckenstedt, Bruchmachtersen, Calbecht, Drütte, Engelnstedt, Engerode, Gebhardshagen, Hallendorf, Heerte, Immendorf, Lebenstedt, Lesse, Lichtenberg, Lobmachtersen, Osterlinde, Reppner, Salder, Thiede-Steterburg (nowadays Thiede) and Watenstedt (21 altogether, all belonging to the Landkreis Wolfenbüttel) were merged to the Stadtkreis Watenstedt-Salzgitter. Together with the remaining rest of the Landkreis Goslar, the new Independent municipality was integrated into the state of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In return, Braunschweig transferred the Landkreis Holzminden to the Prussian province of Hanover.
  • With the village Gitter, which was already incorporated in 1938, the young city first had got 29 quarters from 1942 on.
  • During WW II, Salzgitter was damaged hard by several American and British bombings.
  • After the war, the State of Braunschweig became part of the Land Lower-Saxony, and Watenstedt-Salzgitter became an Independent City in the "Administrative District of Braunschweig" (later Regierungsbezirk of Braunschweig).
  • In 1951, the city was renamed into "Stadt Salzgitter" (City of Salzgitter), the then-quarter Salzgitter was named "Salzgitter-Bad", referring to the brine bath there.
  • In the course of the area reform of Lower-Saxony as from 1st March 1974, the municipalities Üfingen and Sauingen (Landkreis Wolfenbüttel) were incorporated. Since then, Salzgitter has got 31 quarters.
  • Until 1982, Salzgitter was mined (iron); in the former mine Schacht Konrad, an ultimate disposal place for radioactive waste has been planned since 1975.

This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411). ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: in fact, hunger and harsh winters were realities for the average European in the... Events 29 August - An English fleet personally commanded by King Edward III defeats a Spanish fleet in the battle of Les Espagnols sur Mer. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Bishopric of Hildesheim is a Roman Catholic diocese in Lower Saxony; it was founded in 815. ... Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 Prussia (German: ; Latin: Borussia, Prutenia; Lithuanian: ; Polish: ; Old Prussian: Prūsa) was, most recently, a historic state originating in East Prussia, an area which for centuries had substantial influence on German and European history. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... -1... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... This heap of iron ore pellets will be used in steel production. ... [edit] Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... The (German: Nazional- socialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP) [National Socialist German Workers Party]); generally known in English as the Nazi Party, was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... Ironworks at Coalbrookdale, Shropshire, England An ironworks or iron works is a building or site where iron is smelted and where heavy iron and/or steel products are made. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ... Wolfenbüttel is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Goslar is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Brunswick-Lüneburg was an historical state within the Holy Roman Empire. ... Holzminden is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33... This article is about explosive devices. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... With an area of 47,618 km² and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German: Niedersachsen) ) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Länder (states) of Germany. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... An illustration showing the various sources of nuclear waste Radioactive waste is waste type containing radioactive chemical elements that does not have a practical purpose. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...

Incorporations

On April 1st, 1942, the Independent City Watenstedt-Salzgitter (renamed in Salzgitter in 1951) was formed by uniting these municipalities:

  • formerly Landkreis Goslar:
    • town Salzgitter
    • municipalities Beinum, Flachstöckheim, Groß Mahner, Hohenrode, Ohlendorf and Ringelheim
  • formerly Landkreis Wolfenbüttel:
    • municipalities Barum, Beddingen, Bleckenstedt, Bruchmachtersen, Calbecht, Drütte, Engelnstedt, Engerode, Gebhardshagen, Hallendorf, Heerte, Immendorf, Lebenstedt, Lesse, Lichtenberg, Lobmachtersen, Osterlinde, Reppner, Salder, Thiede-Steterburg (nowadays only Thiede) and Watenstedt

On March 1st, 1974, the municipalities Üfingen and Sauingen (up to then Landkreis Wolfenbüttel) were incorporated. Goslar is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wolfenbüttel is a Kreis (district) in the southeastern part of Lower Saxony, Germany. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Population development

Population figures in order to the then area, i.e. until 1942 the contemporary quarter Salzgitter-Bad and from 1942 on the Independent City Watenstedt-Salzgitter and Salzgitter respectively.

Year Population figures
1821 2.258
1848 2.654
1871 2.752
1885 2.681
1905 2.837
1925 2.852
1933 19.164
1942 108.480
1946 93.260
1948 110.247
1950 108.888
6th June 1961 ¹ 110.200
1965 115.500
1970 119.000
1975 119.000
1980 113.500
25th May 1987 ¹ 111.069
1989 111.676
30th June 1997 116.300
October 2003 109.632
September 2004 108.614
February 2005 108.174

1 census amount The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... (Redirected from 25th May) May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Religions

The area of the contemporary city Salzgitter originally belonged to the diocese Hildesheim. In 1568, the Reformation was established in Salzgitter. Two superintendencies came into existence. The southern part of the area where the city is nowadays (Superintendency Salzgitter) belonged to the state of Hanover and so to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover (Consistory in Hildesheim). The northern part (superintendency Lebenstedt), however, belonged to the state of Braunschweig and so to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Braunschweig. The Bishopric of Hildesheim is a Roman Catholic diocese in Lower Saxony; it was founded in 815. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... -1... The Evangelical Church of Hanover is a Protestant church in the German state of Lower Saxony. ... // Antiquity Originally, the Latin word consistorium meant simply sitting together, just as the Greek syn(h)edrion (from which the Biblical sanhedrin was a corruption). ...


When the city Watenstedt-Salzgitter originated (1942), the whole city area was attached to the state of Braunschweig, both politically and ecclesiastically. Thus all parishes of Salzgitter belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Braunschweig nowadays. The two superintendencies are called Propstei today. However, the Propsteien Salzgitter-Bad and Salzgitter-Lebenstedt also comprise parishes that do not belong to the city of Salzgitter. This article is about the Christian buildings of worship. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


The Catholics, who moved into the city again afterwards, belonged - like before the Reformation - to the diocese of Hildesheim, which established an own deanship in Salzgitter, to which all parishes of the city belong nowadays.


Beside the two big churches, there are parishes, too, that belong to Free Churches, for example a Baptist parish, the Church of God, the Plymouth Brethren and the Seventh-day Adventist Church. In addition, there are several New Apostolic Churches in Salzgitter. Due to the immigration of foreign workers during the 1970s, there are some Islamic mosques and societies. A free church is a Christian church or denomination that is intrinsically separated from any government (as opposed to a theocracy or the state church). ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church or any follower of Jesus Christ who believes that baptism is administered by the full immersion of a confessing Christian. ... Church of God is a name used by numerous, mostly unrelated bodies. ... The Plymouth Brethren are a Christian Evangelical religious movement that began in Dublin, Ireland and England in the late 1820s. ... Seventh-day Adventist Churchs logo The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a Christian denomination which, as its name suggests, is best known for its teaching that Saturday, the seventh day of the week, is the Sabbath and that the second advent of Jesus Christ is imminent. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ...


Politics

First, a state commissar was set ahead the city of Watenstedt-Salzgitter as Provisional Mayor. After World War II, the military government of the British zone of occupation installed the communal constitution of Britain. Accordingly, there was a Council elected by the people. It elected one of its members Lord Mayor (German: Oberbürgermeister) as president and representative of the city, who worked honorary. Beside, from 1946 on there was the Oberstadtdirektor ("Chief City Executive"), leading the Municipality and being elected by the Council, too. Since 2001, there is only the Lord Mayor, who does not work honorary any more. Being elected by the people, he represents the city and leads the Municipality, although there is yet a Council Chairman. Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33... Community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Coat of arms

In Salzgitter's Coat of Arms there is a silver furnace visible behind a silver pinnacle wall, on which there is a buckler whose upper ground is green and adorned with two saltern instruments and whose lower ground is gold and adorned with a black sledge and black iron. On the red ground behind the furnace, there are two wheaten ears.
The Coat of Arms stands for the agriculture, which is important for many villages of Salzgitter, on the one hand, and for the industry, which led to Salzgitter's foundation, on the other hand.
This Coat of Arms is from 1951. Before, Watenstedt-Salzgitter had got a different one. Also the former town Salzgitter had got various coats of arms from 1854 on. A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ... A furnace is a device for heating air or any other fluid. ... pinnacle Sint-Petrus-en-Pauluskerk, Ostend, Belgium A pinnacle (from Latin pinnaculum, a little feather, pinna) is an architectural ornament originally forming the cap or crown of a buttress or small turret, but afterwards used on parapets at the corners of towers and in many other situations. ... A buckler (French bouclier shield, from old French bocle, boucle boss) is a small shield gripped in the fist -- it was generally used in hand-to-hand combat during the Middle Ages, as its size made it poor protection against missile weapons (e. ... Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier Categories: Stub | Dog breeds ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1854 (MDCCCLIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Like many German cities, Salzgitter has used the city's logo for some years. It is a green field with a white snaking way that narrows towards the horizon. Horizon. ...


Town twinnings

The City of Salzgitter is twinned to these cities and towns: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Imatra is a town and municipality in eastern Finland, founded in 1948 around three industrial settlements near the Finnish-Russian border. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... Swindon is a town in Wiltshire in the South West of England. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Créteil is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Stary Oskol (Russian Старый Оскол) is a city in Belgorod Oblast, Russia. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Map of Germany showing Gotha Gotha is a town in the Land of Bundesland of Thuringia, in Germany. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Economy and infrastructure

Traffic

Nighttime traffic captured by a camera over several seconds. ...

Road

In the north of Salzgitter, there is an Autobahn (A 39) from Braunschweig to the interchange Salzgitter (where you can change to Autobahn 7 (Kassel-Hanover). Salzgitter has got five grade-separated interchanges to this Autobahn. East from Salzgitter, there is the Autobahn 395 (Braunschweig-Goslar), which can be reached from Salzgitter by four interchanges.
Moreover, two Bundesstraßen (German highways) go through Salzgitter. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... High-capacity freeway interchange in Los Angeles, California. ... An example of a four-level stack interchange in the Netherlands. ... Goslar is a historic town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... A highway is a major road within a city, or linking several cities together. ...


Railway

Salzgitter has six train stations. The most important one is in the quarter Salzgitter-Ringelheim, the most central one in Salzgitter-Lebenstedt. There is no Hauptbahnhof (main train station or union station) in Salzgitter. Salzgitter-Ringelheim's station is located at the lines Halle (Saale)-Goslar-Salzgitter-Hildesheim-Hanover. Another line leads into the Harz Mountains and to Braunschweig, passing Salzgitter-Bad. Salzgitter-Lebenstedt is the end of a local line coming from Braunschweig and passing the other train stops of Salzgitter. Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... With 1. ... Salzgitter is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... A union station or union terminal is a train station where tracks and facilities are shared by two or more railway companies, allowing passengers to connect conveniently between them. ... Map of Germany showing Halle Halle (also called Halle an der Saale in order to distinguish from Halle in North Rhine-Westphalia) is the largest town in the German Bundesland of Saxony-Anhalt. ... The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. ... Clock on Klesmerplatz Position of Salzgitter-Bad With a population of approx. ...


Public transport

There are three bus companies in Salzgitter. The bus is quite important considering Salzgitter consists of many, spread villages. Skytrain Bangkok. ...


Media

In Salzgitter, the daily newspaper Salzgitter-Zeitung and the Sunday newspaper Salzgitter-Woche am Sonntag are published. There is the event calendar Salzgitter Szene and the online magazine Salzgitter-aktuell. Furthermore, the local TV channel TV 38 is broadcasted by cable television. Online means being connected to the Internet or another similar electronic network, like a bulletin board system. ... A television station is a type of radio station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ... Coaxial cable is often used to transmit cable television into the house. ...


Important companies in Salzgitter

The term company may refer to a seperate legal entity, as in English law, or may simply refer to a business, as is the common use in the United States. ... VW redirects here. ... For the history and usage of the word man, see man (word) A man is a male human. ... The Robert Bosch GmbH is a German company which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch. ...

Public institutions

Salzgitter is seat of these public institutions:

  • Federal Radiation Protection Office of Germany, founded in 1989
  • Central Registration Office of the State Judiciary Administration of Lower-Saxony

Education

Since 1993, there is a site of the Fachhochschule Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel, where you can study A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ...

In addition, you can study after having completed a study in the past == Logistics management is all about trade and commerce. ... == Logistics management is all about trade and commerce. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

and - by correspondence course - This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An old-fashioned form of distance learning, a correspondence course is a course in which the student studies at home, receiving his/her work by mail and sending it back to the instructor in the same fashion. ...

  • Quality and environment management
  • Sale management.

The other sites of the Fachhochschule are Braunschweig, Wolfenbüttel and Wolfsburg. Quality management is a method for ensuring that all the activities necessary to design, develop and implement a product or service are effective and efficient with respect to the system and its performance. ... A Fachhochschule (plural: Fachhochschulen) or University of Applied Sciences in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein and Switzerland is a university specialized in certain topical areas (e. ... Wolfenbüttel is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Wolfsburg is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


Furthermore, there are several general-education schools (meaning that general knowledge is taught there in contrast to occupation-specific knowledge) and vocational schools, among them three grammar schools, the Gymnasium Salzgitter-Bad, the Gymnasium am Fredenberg and the Kranich-Gymnasium, the latter two located at Salzgitter-Lebenstedt. A vocational school, providing vocational education and also sometimes referred to as a trade school or career college, and school was operated for the express purpose of giving its students the skills needed to perform a certain job or jobs. ... Grammar school can refer to various types of schools in different English-speaking countries. ... Salzgitter is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ...


For education outside school, there is the Volkshochschule Salzgitter with sites in Salzgitter-Bad and in Salzgitter-Lebenstedt. Folk High Schools in the Nordic countries A folk high school (Danish: folkehøjskole, Norwegian: folkehøgskole, Swedish:folkhögskola) is an eductional institution unique for the Nordic countries, inspired by Danish author Nicolai Grundtvig. ...


Culture and sights

Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning to cultivate), generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Visual perception is one of the senses, consisting of the ability to detect light and interpret (see) it as the perception known as sight or naked eye vision. ...

Theatre

There is no theatre in Salzgitter nor any building used as one. Yet there are several representations at various places. For example, in Salzgitter-Bad there is a society rooting in the students' theater of the local grammar-school that supports the amateur play. They act on various stages, with an auditory between 100 and 600 people. Furthermore, there are irregular performances of musicals. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Musical theater (or theatre) is a form of theatre combining music, songs, dance, and spoken dialogue. ...


Museums

  • Städtisches Museum Schloss Salder ("Municipal Museum in Salder Castle", including city history, Castle museum, changing expositions, ice age path from summer 2006 on)
  • Städtische Kunstsammlungen Schloss Salder ("Municipal Art Collection in Salder Castle")

The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Buildings

  • In the quarter Salzgitter-Lebenstedt:
    • City monument (Turm der Arbeit - "Tower of work", the city's emblem, constructed in 1995. The monument tells about the suffering of the forced workers and concentration camp prisoners while building up industry during the national socialism, about the flight from home beyond the rivers Oder and Neiße, about the fight against the removal of the iron works and about Salzgitter's people's will to live and to rebuild.)
    • Town hall (built 1959-1963)
    • Ice sports hall (in far-east style)
  • In the quarter Salzgitter-Bad:
    • Old Town
    • Thermalsolbad ("hot-springs brine bath")
    • Protestant church St. Mariae Jacobi; military defence church built in 1481
    • Catholic church St. Marien
    • Former Nicolai church (nowadays event room)
    • Bismarck Tower (look-out)
    • Former town hall at the market place
    • Tilly house
    • farm house in Kniestedt (now care for old people and music school)
    • "Beamtensiedlung" (from 1930, dwellings of the employees of the smelting works)
  • pilgrimage church in Salzgitter-Engerode, chapel built in 1236, one of Lower-Saxony's oldest pilgrimage churches with frescos laid open
  • Wasserburg (castle), Salzgitter-Gebhardshagen, nearly 1000 years old
  • Franzosenbrücke ("French bridge", stone arch bridge over the river Innerste near Salzgitter-Hohenrode
  • Salzgitter-Lichtenberg: Castle ruins, once build by Henry the Lion, destroyed in 1552 and laid open again in the 1950s. Look-out and restaurant.
  • Salzgitter-Ringelheim: Ringelheim Castle, former monastery, founded in the 10th century, secularised in 1803. Baroque church built in 1694, including a precious organ; crucifix from the workshop of Bishop Bernward of Hildesheim (around 1000); large castle park (Schlosspark)
  • Salzgitter-Salder: Salder Castle with Municipal Museum, former emblem of the city; the castle built in the style of the "Weser renaissance" around 1600 was domicile of the noble family von Salder in the Duchy of Braunschweig, later domain of the duke; nowadays museum of local history; castle church Maria-Magdalena with a circular floor plan.
  • Salzgitter-Thiede: Convent Steterburg, ladies' convent founded in 1003; there are still buildings from the 11th century. The house of the abbess was built in 1691. The church is from 1752. In 1938, the area was reconstructed to tenements.

The Taj Mahal, commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. ... An emblem consists of a pictorial image, abstract or representational, that epitomizes a concept - often a concept of a moral truth or an allegory. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... The term National socialism has been used in self-description by a number of unrelated political movements. ... The Oder (or Odra) River (German: Oder, Polish/Czech: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe (mostly in Poland). ... Nysa (Polish Nysa, German Neiße, Czech Nisa) is a name of a few rivers and a town in Silesia. ... Iron Works was a name applied in the 19th century to heavy industrial manufactories whose output products were primarily built of iron and/or steel. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Events May 3 - Mehmed II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Beyazid II. May 21 - Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway dies and is succeeded by his son John (1481-1513) With the death of Duke Charles IV of Anjou, Anjou was reverted... Alternate meanings: See Bismarck (disambiguation). ... Tilly can refer to: Charles Tilly, sociologist Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly Jennifer Tilly, actress Meg Tilly, actress, dancer, and author Tilly Foster Mine, in New York State. ... Pilgrim at Mecca In religion and spirituality, a pilgrimage is a long journey or search of great moral significance. ... // Events May 6 - Roger of Wendover, Benedictine monk and chronicler of St Albanss Abbey dies. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda of England (1188) Henry the Lion (face of statue on his tomb in Brunswick Cathedral) Henry the Lion (1129 - August 6, 1195; in German, Heinrich der Löwe) was a member of the Welf dynasty and Duke of Saxony as Henry III since... Events April - War between Henry II of France and Emperor Charles V. Henry invades Lorraine and captures Toul, Metz, and Verdun. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ... With 1. ... Monastery of St. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... This article concerns secularism, the exclusion of religion and supernatural beliefs. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany Modern style pipe organ at the concert hall of Aletheia University in Matou, Taiwan The organ is a keyboard instrument with one or more manuals, and usually a pedalboard. ... A crucifix amidst the cornfields near Mureck in rural Styria, Austria A handheld crucifix A crucifix in front of the Holy Spirit Church in Košice, Slovakia A crucifix is a cross with a representation of Jesuss body, or corpus. ... Two bishops assist at the Exhumation of Saint Hubert, who was a bishop too, at the église Saint-Pierre in Liège. ... Europe in 1000 The year 1000 of the Gregorian Calendar was the last year of the 10th century as well as the last year of the first millennium. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... 1600 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... For other uses, see Duke (disambiguation). ... This article is about an abbey as a religious building. ... Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... An Abbess (Latin abbatissa, fem. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Other sights

  • archeological excavation from the Stone Age in Salzgitter-Lebenstedt
  • Farm house Salzgitter-Flachstöckheim with open-air stage and English Park (1756/1821)
  • Salzgittersee ("Lake Salzgitter") in Salzgitter-Lebenstedt, beach, water-ski, boats, inliners, diving

The term archaeological excavation has a double meaning. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The coronation banquet for George IV 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

Regular events

  • May: municipal sports week in Salzgitter-Lebenstedt
  • May: museum festival in Salzgitter-Salder
  • May/June: Schützenfest (German festival of a shooting club including shooting matches) in Salzgitter-Bad
  • June/July: Old Town Festival in Salzgitter-Bad

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Company Salzgitter AG (274 words)
In the field of high-quality sections and flat rolled products, Salzgitter AG is positioned among the top 5 in Europe.
What’s more, through its interest in Klöckner-Werke AG, Salzgitter AG is also positioned among the leading providers in the field of filling and packaging technology.
Salzgitter stock is listed in the MDAX index, which positions the company among the Top 80 German stock corporations.
Frequently Asked Questions Salzgitter AG (1105 words)
Salzgitter AG attaches high priority to environmental protection and invests considerable funds each year to this end.
The financial year covered both by the individual financial statements for Salzgitter AG itself and by the consolidated Group financial statements is identical with the calendar year: January 01 to December 31.
Salzgitter AG shares are listed in official trading on the stock exchanges in Frankfurt am Main, XETRA, and Hanover, and in OTC trading on other German stock exchanges (Bremen is currently deactivated).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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