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Encyclopedia > Salzburg (state)
Salzburg
State AT-5 (ISO)
Capital Salzburg
Governor Gabi Burgstaller (SPÖ)
Area
 - Total
Ranked 6th
7,154 km²
Population
 - Total (01.10.2006)
 - Density
Ranked 7th
529,085 [1]
72/km²

The state flag of Salzburg
Image:Karte oesterreich salzburg.png
The state of Salzburg on the map of Austria

Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. With 529,085 inhabitants it is one of the country's smaller states in terms of population. The capital city is Salzburg. Image File history File links Salzburg_Wappen. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Since Austria is a federal republic according to the constitutional framework of Austrian politics, Austrias nine provinces are customarily referred to as States of Austria or Bundesländer, singular Bundesland. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... Landeshauptmann (literally country captain or state captain) is the German title of the governor of a state of Austria or of the Italian province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). ... Gabi Burgstaller is the current governor (Landeshauptfrau) of the State of Salzburg. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Karte_oesterreich_salzburg. ... Since Austria is a federal republic according to the constitutional framework of Austrian politics, Austrias nine provinces are customarily referred to as States of Austria or Bundesländer, singular Bundesland. ... This page is for the city of Salzburg. ...


Salzburg comprises five districts, known as Bezirke or vernacularly Gaue:

The city of Salzburg is its own administrative district. The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pinzgau. ... Dreifaltigkeitsgasse lane, Zell am See Zell am See is a spa town and winter ski resort in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria. ... The Bezirk Sankt Johann im Pongau is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pongau. ... Sankt Johann im Pongau or is a small town in the middle of Salzburg, Austria. ... The Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Lungau. ... Tamsweg is a market town in the district of Lungau, in Land Salzburg. ... The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau. ... A view of Hallein and Untersberg from the hamlet of St. ... The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Flachgau, except for the Statutarstadt of Salzburg, which forms a district of its own. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ...

Districts of Salzburg.
Districts of Salzburg.

Image File history File links Map of Salzburg (state) Original by de:Benutzer:Butterbur, 6. ... Image File history File links Map of Salzburg (state) Original by de:Benutzer:Butterbur, 6. ...

Geographic location

The Salzburger Land (the Austrian state of Salzburg) - with its primary river, the Salzach - lies between Upper Austria, Styria, Carinthia, Tyrol and Bavaria (Germany). The Salzach is a river in Austria. ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... Styria redirects here. ... Carinthia (German: Kärnten, Italian: Carinzia, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) is an Austrian state or Land, located in the south of Austria. ... Tyrol (German: , Czech: ) is a state or Bundesland, located in the west of Austria. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ...


Running through the south are the main ranges of the Central Alps (incl. the Hohe Tauern mountains) with numerous 3,000m peaks. The Dachstein Massif and the Berchtesgaden Alps border the Salzburger Land to the east and north. The High Tauern (German Hohe Tauern) is the highest range of the Alps in Austria. ... Hoher Dachstein is a strongly karstic Austrian mountain, and the second highest mountain in the Northern Limestone Alps. ...


History

Salzburg was an independent Archbishopric within the Holy Roman Empire (see Archbishopric of Salzburg) until the Imperial reorganization of 1803, when it was given as compensation to Grand Duke Ferdinand III of Tuscany, the brother of Emperor Francis II. Following the Austrian defeat at Austerlitz in 1805, Salzburg was annexed by Austria as compensation for the loss of Tyrol to Bavaria, and Ferdinand was transferred to Würzburg. After Austria's defeat in 1809, the province was handed over to Bavaria in 1810. In 1816, following the defeat of Napoleon and the provision of adequate compensation to Bavaria at the Congress of Vienna, it was returned to Austria with the exception of the north-western 'Rupertigau' which remained Bavarian. Salzburg has been an Austrian state ever since. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop heading a diocese of particular importance due to either its size, history, or both, called an archdiocese. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire, consisting of roughly of the present-day state of Salzburg in Austria. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, or, more fully, His Imperial and Royal Highness Ferdinando III Giuseppe Giovanni Baptista Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, (May 6, 1769 - June 18, 1824; born and died in Florence, Italy), was the son of Leopold II of... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Francis I in Austrian coronation regalia, 1832 Austrian thaler of Francis II, dated 1821. ... Combatants First French Empire Russian Empire, Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon I Alexander I Strength 65,000[1] 73,000[2] Casualties 1,305 dead, 6,940 wounded, 573 captured, 1 standard lost[3] 15,000 dead or wounded, 12,000 captured, 180 guns lost, 50 standards lost[3] The Battle... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Coat of arms of Tyrol: *[1] The Tyrol is a historical region in Western Central Europe, which includes the Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Tyrol) and the Italian regions known as the South Tyrol and Trentino. ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German:  ), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Würzburg is a city in the region of Franconia which lies in the northern tip of Bavaria, Germany. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ...


Architecture

It goes virtually without saying that salt plays a major role in the history of Salzburg - after all, it's what gives the city and state their names. Because of its vast salt deposits, the state made quite a name for itself and attained great wealth. Salt, often referred to as "White Gold", made so much possible. It financed the construction of numerous buildings, for example. And in this latter regard, the archbishops of Salzburg undoubtedly set the tone. A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) Salt covering the floor of Bad Water in Death Valley, CA, the lowest point in the US. A salt, in chemistry, is defined as the product formed from the neutralisation reaction of acids and bases. ...


The Salzburg Cathedral was the first Baroque building in the German-speaking artistic world. Two other important buildings initiated by the Salzburg archbishops were Hohenwerfen Castle and Hohensalzburg Fortress. The first Archbishop of Salzburg was Arno (785 - 821), in whose honor the world-famous hiking circuit - the Arnoweg - is named. Façade of the Salzburg Cathedral The Salzburg Cathedral (German: ) is a 17th century baroque cathedral in the city of Salzburg, dedicated to Saint Rupert of Salzburg. ... Burg Hohenwerfen is a fortress in Werfen, Salzburg, in Austria. ... Festung Hohensalzburg (literally High Salzburg Fortress in German) is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Events Widukind and many other Saxons are baptized. ... Events Tang Mu Zong becomes emperor of China Births Deaths February 11 - Benedict of Aniane, monastic founder and saint December 18 - Theodulf, Bishop of Orléans Coenwulf, king of Mercia Categories: 821 ...


The predominant stylistic elements of Salzburg architecture have their origins in the Baroque and the Rococo periods.


Salzburg's historic "Old Town" was named by UNESCO as a Treasure of World Cultural Heritage. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Miscellanea

  • Tourist Regions: 21
  • Resort Towns: 115
  • Guest Beds: 192,000
  • Lakes: 185
  • Biggest lake: Wolfgangsee
  • Longest river: Salzach
  • Highest mountain: Grossvenediger elev. 3,666 m
  • Hiking paths: 7,200 km
  • Hill farms: 1,800 - 550 of them serving refreshments
  • National parks: 1
  • Marked cycle paths: 2,000 km
  • Mountainbike trails: 3,000 km (incl. cross-border routes)
  • Golf courses: 13
  • Ski slopes: 1,700 km
  • Cross-country ski trails: 2,220 km
  • Night slopes: 14
  • Winter hiking paths: 2,500 km

Wolfgangsee is a lake in Austria that lies mostly within the state of Salzburg and is one of the best known lakes in the Salzkammergut resort region. ... The Salzach is a river in Austria. ... Großvenediger is generally considered to be Austrias third highest mountain (although it can be up to sixteenth if every subsidiary summit is counted). ...

Ski resorts

Flachau, Wagrain, St. Johann, Zell am See, Obertauern, Bad Gastein, Rauris Sankt Johann im Pongau or is a small town in the middle of Salzburg, Austria. ... Dreifaltigkeitsgasse lane, Zell am See Zell am See is a spa town and winter ski resort in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria. ... A ski slope on the Zehnekarseilbahn in Obertauern Obertauern is a medium-sized ski resort in the Austrian state of Salzburg. ... Bad Gastein Bad Gastein is a city in Austria, situated in the middle of the National Park Hohe Tauern, at 1,000 metres above sea level, in fresh mountain air. ... Rauris is a municipality in Salzburg (state) in the area of Pinzgau in Austria. ...


Cities and Towns

Bad Gastein Bad Gastein is a city in Austria, situated in the middle of the National Park Hohe Tauern, at 1,000 metres above sea level, in fresh mountain air. ... Bischofshofen (population 10,000) is a city in Western Austria, located in the Salzach valley in the Alps. ... A view of Hallein and Untersberg from the hamlet of St. ... Saalfelden (full name Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer) is a city in the Austrian state of Salzburg and is the administrative centre of the Pinzgauer Saalachtal. ... St. ... St. ... Dreifaltigkeitsgasse lane, Zell am See Zell am See is a spa town and winter ski resort in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria. ...

List of all Cities, Towns and Villages

Directory: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

B

D

  • Dienten am Hochkönig
  • Dorfbeuern
  • Dorfgastein

E

  • Eben im Pongau
  • Ebenau
  • Elixhausen
  • Elsbethen
  • Eugendorf

F

  • Faistenau
  • Filzmoos
  • Flachau
  • Forstau
  • Fusch an der Großglocknerstraße
  • Fuschl am See

G

  • Goldegg
  • Golling an der Salzach
  • Göming
  • Göriach
  • Großarl
  • Großgmain
  • Grödig

H

  • Hallein
  • Hallwang
  • Henndorf am Wallersee
  • Hintersee
  • Hof bei Salzburg
  • Hollersbach
  • Hüttau
  • Hüttschlag

K

  • Kaprun
  • Kleinarl
  • Koppl
  • Köstendorf
  • Krimml
  • Krispl
  • Kuchl

L

  • Lamprechtshausen
  • Lend im Pinzgau
  • Leogang
  • Lessach
  • Lofer

M

  • Maishofen
  • Maria Alm (am Steinernen Meer)
  • Mariapfarr
  • Mattsee
  • Mauterndorf
  • Mittersill
  • Muhr
  • Mühlbach am Hochkönig

N

  • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
  • Neumarkt am Wallersee
  • Niedernsill
  • Nußdorf am Haunsberg

O

  • Oberalm
  • Oberndorf bei Salzburg
  • Obertrum am See

P

  • Pfarrwerfen
  • Piesendorf
  • Plainfeld
  • Puch bei Hallein

R

  • Radstadt
  • Ramingstein
  • Rauris
  • Rußbach am Paß Gschütt

S

  • Saalbach-Hinterglemm
  • Saalfelden
  • Salzburg
  • Sankt Andrä im Lungau
  • Sankt Georgen bei Salzburg
  • Sankt Gilgen
  • Sankt Johann im Pongau
  • Sankt Koloman
  • Sankt Margarethen im Lungau
  • Sankt Martin am Tennengebirge
  • Sankt Martin bei Lofer
  • Sankt Michael im Lungau
  • Sankt Veit im Pongau
  • Scheffau am Tennengebirge
  • Schleedorf
  • Schwarzach im Pongau
  • Seeham
  • Seekirchen
  • Straßwalchen
  • Strobl
  • Stuhlfelden

T

  • Tamsweg
  • Taxenbach
  • Thalgau
  • Thomatal
  • Tweng

U

  • Unken
  • Unternberg
  • Untertauern
  • Uttendorf

V

  • Viehhofen

W

  • Wagrain
  • Wald im Pinzgau
  • Wals Siezenheim
  • Weißbach bei Lofer
  • Weißpriach
  • Werfen
  • Werfenweng

Z

Altenmarkt im Pongau (Population August 2006 3,619) is a small town in the SalzburgerLand region of Austria. ... Anif is as small village southern of Salzburg with 4. ... Bad Gastein Bad Gastein is a city in Austria, situated in the middle of the National Park Hohe Tauern, at 1,000 metres above sea level, in fresh mountain air. ... The village of Bad Hofgastein is one in the Alps of Austria. ... Disambiguation: for the town in Slovenia also known as Vigaun, see Begunje View from hilltop above St. ... Bischofshofen (population 10,000) is a city in Western Austria, located in the Salzach valley in the Alps. ... A view of Hallein and Untersberg from the hamlet of St. ... Krimml is a municipality in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, in the Pinzgau region. ... Rauris is a municipality in Salzburg (state) in the area of Pinzgau in Austria. ... Saalfelden (full name Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer) is a city in the Austrian state of Salzburg and is the administrative centre of the Pinzgauer Saalachtal. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... St. ... Sankt Johann im Pongau or is a small town in the middle of Salzburg, Austria. ... Tamsweg is a market town in the district of Lungau, in Land Salzburg. ... Werfen is a town about 50 km south of Salzburg in Austria. ... Zederhaus is a small village in the district of Tamsweg in the state of Salzburg in Austria with a population of 1250 (as of 2001). ... Dreifaltigkeitsgasse lane, Zell am See Zell am See is a spa town and winter ski resort in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria. ...

Visitors attractions

Grossglockner High Alpine Road, altitude 1953 m The Grossglockner High Alpine Road (in German Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse) is a panoramic road in Austria in the state of Salzburg. ... The Salzkammergut is a resort area east of Salzburg, Austria, spanning the federal states of Upper Austria, Salzburg, and Styria. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... Styria (Steiermark in German, Štajerska in Slovenian) can refer to: Styria - a federal state of Austria Styria - an informal province in Slovenia Styria - a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire and crownland of Austria-Hungary This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that... Liechtenstein Gorge Liechtensteinklamm (Liechtenstein Gorge) is a particularly narrow gorge with walls up to 300m high, located in the Austrian Alps 50km south of Salzburg. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Sankt Johann im Pongau or is a small town in the middle of Salzburg, Austria. ...

Sports

The Salzburgring is a 4. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... The Ski Amadé region of Austria is a network of 28 ski areas and towns that combined, make up the largest ski area in Europe. ... The Kitzsteinhorn is a mountain in the main chain of the Alps in the district of Kaprun, Salzburg, Austria. ... St. ...

External links


edit Cities and Districts (Bezirke) of Salzburg State Flag of Austria
Salzburg map

Hallein | Salzburg | Salzburg-Umgebung | Sankt Johann im Pongau | Tamsweg | Zell am See Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Map of Salzburg (state) Original by de:Benutzer:Butterbur, 6. ... The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau region. ...   is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Flachgau region, except for the Statutarstadt of Salzburg, which forms a district of its own. ... Sankt Johann im Pongau or is a small town in the middle of Salzburg, Austria. ... The Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Lungau region. ... The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pinzgau region. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
This is Salzburg (0 words)
Salzburg as a holiday destination is equally popular in winter and summer.
Of Austria’s present-day Länder or provinces, Salzburg is the only one to have been ruled as an independent state by a prince-archbishop and it is the only one of the many spiritual principalities of the Holy Roman Empire still to exist as an independent province.
The strong economic orientation towards European markets, a dense network of inter-regional contacts, and Salzburg’s previous role as an international meeting-place in the heart of Europe presented the best prerequisites for a continuation of the active participation in shaping the ”Europe of the regions”.
Salzburg - Search Results - MSN Encarta (192 words)
Salzburg, city in western Austria, capital of Salzburg Province, on the Salzach River.
Salzburg (population 150,000 in 2006) is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 520,000 in 2003).
Salzburg (area 7154 km²;, population 520,000) is a state or Land of Austria, located adjacent to the German border.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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