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Encyclopedia > Salzburg
Salzburg
Coat of arms of Salzburg Location of Salzburg in Austria

Country Austria
State Salzburg
Administrative region Statutory city
Population 150,269 (01.01.2007 [1])
Area 65.7 km²
Population density 2,288 /km²
Elevation 424 m
Coordinates 47°48′N 13°02′E / 47.8, 13.033Coordinates: 47°48′N 13°02′E / 47.8, 13.033
Postal code 5020
Area code 0662
Licence plate code S
Mayor Heinz Schaden (SPÖ)
Website www.stadt-salzburg.at
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg*
UNESCO World Heritage Site

The old town seen over the River Salzach, viewed from the Hohensalzburg fortress.
State Party Flag of Austria Austria
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iv, vi
Reference 784
Region Europe and North America
Inscription History
Inscription 1996  (20th Session)
* Name as inscribed on World Heritage List.
Region as classified by UNESCO.

Salzburg  (Austro-Bavarian: Såizburg) is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Salzburg's "Old Town" with its world famous baroque architecture is one of the best-preserved city centers in the German-speaking world, and was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. The city is noted for its Alpine setting. It is the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music, which actually really is a great movie. Salzburg is also a student city, with three universities. Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Salzburg is the fourth-largest city in Austria. ... Image File history File links Wappen_at_salzburg_stadt. ... Image File history File links Austria_sbg_capital. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... A Statutory city (Statutarstadt in Austria, or Statutární mÄ›sto in Czech Republic) is a city with its own municipal law or city statute. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... . ... To call an Austrian phone number from outside Austria, you will need to dial: International access code + 43 (country code) + area Code + Telephone Number. ... Austrian car number plates are license plates found on Austrian cars. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Social Democratic Party of Austria (German: Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs, or SPÖ) is one of the oldest parties in Austria. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2341x869, 923 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Salzburg ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Europe. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Salzburg. ... Austro-Bavarian or Bavarian is a major group of Upper German varieties. ... The following is a list of cities and towns in Austria: Vienna - 1,504,100 (capital of Austria and a state in its own right) Graz - 248,146 (capital of Styria) Linz - 184,800 (capital of Upper Austria) Salzburg - 149,997 (capital of Salzburg) kakapoopoo - 116,400 (capital of Tyrol... Capital City is a 60-minute television show produced by Euston Films that ran for 13 episodes in 1989 on ITV. This drama focused on the lives of investment bankers in London living and working on the corporate trading floor for the fictional international bank Shane-Longman. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Baroque architecture, starting in the early 17th century in Italy, took the humanist Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in a new rhetorical, theatrical, sculptural fashion, expressing the triumph of absolutist church and state. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... Rodgers and Hammersteins The Sound of Music is a 1965 film directed by Robert Wise and starring Julie Andrews in the lead role. ...

Contents

Geography

Salzburg is on the banks of the Salzach river, at the northern boundary of the Alps. The mountains to Salzburg's south contrast with the rolling plains to the north. The closest alpine peak – the 1972 m Untersberg – is only a few kilometers from the city center. The Altstadt, or "old town", is dominated by its baroque towers and churches and the massive Festung Hohensalzburg. This area is surrounded by two smaller mountains, the Mönchsberg and Kapuzinerberg as the green lung of the city. Salzburg is approximately 150 km east of Munich, Germany, and 300 km west of Vienna. The Salzach is a river in Austria. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Untersberg The Untersberg is a mountain massif in the Alps, between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria. ... Festung Hohensalzburg (literally High Salzburg Fortress in German) is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ...


Population development

Year Population
1900 48,945
1951 102,927
1961 108,114
1971 129,919
1981 139,426
1991 143,978
2001 142,662
2007 150,269

Source: Statistik Austria [2], City of Salzburg Website [3]


History

Ancient times and Middle Ages

Traces of human settlements have been found in the area, dating to the Neolithic Age; probably it was later a Celt camp. Starting from 15 BCE, the small communities were grouped into a single town, which was named by the Romans as Juvavum. A municipium, from 45 CE it became one of the most important cities in the province of Noricum. Juvavum declined sharply after the collapse of the Norican frontier, such that by the late 7th century it had become a "near ruin". An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... This article is about the European people. ... BCE is a TLA that may stand for: Before the Common Era, date notation equivalent to BC (e. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... A municipium was the second highest class of a Roman city, and was inferior in status to the colonia. ... BCE redirects here. ... Noricum in ancient geography was a celtic kingdom in Austria and later a province of the Roman Empire. ...


The Life of Saint Rupert credits the saint with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria asked Rupert to become bishop c. 700, Rupert reconnoitered the river for the site of his basilica. Rupert chose Juvavum, ordained priests, and annexed the manor Piding. Rupert named the city "Salzburg", and then left to evangelize among the pagans. Rupert of Salzburg (? - 710) is a saint in the Roman Catholic Church and a founder of the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... Theodo (before 665 – 11 December c. ...


The name Salzburg literally means "Salt Castle", and derives its name from the barges carrying salt on the Salzach river, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century, as was customary for many communities and cities on European rivers.


The Festung Hohensalzburg, the city's fortress, was built in 1077 and expanded during the following centuries. Festung Hohensalzburg (literally High Salzburg Fortress in German) is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... For the fortification of food, see Food fortification. ...


Independence from Bavaria was secured in the late 14th century. It has been suggested that Bavaria#Historical_Buildings be merged into this article or section. ...


Expulsion of the Protestants

On October 31, 1731, the 214th anniversary of Martin Luther's nailing of his 95 Theses to the Wittenberg School door, Roman Catholic Archbishop Count Leopold Anton von Firmian signed his Edict of Expulsion (not to be confused with many similar edicts of expulsion issued against the Jews in various cities in Europe), the Emigrationspatent, declaring that all Protestants recant their non-Catholic beliefs or be banished. is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 – February 18, 1546) was a German monk,[1] priest, professor, theologian, and church reformer. ... The 95 Theses. ... Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially [Die] Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... The Archbishopric of Salzburg was an ecclesiastical state of the Holy Roman Empire, consisting of roughly of the present-day state of Salzburg in Austria. ... In 1290, King Edward I issued an edict ordering all Jews expelled from England. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ...

View of the old town and fortress, seen from Mönchsberg
View of the old town and fortress, seen from Mönchsberg

Archbishop von Swires declared that it was to be read publicly November 11, 1731, the 248th anniversary of Luther's baptism. Believing that his edict would drive away a few hundred troublesome infidels in the hills around the town, Firmian was surprised when 21,475 citizens professed on a public list their Protestant beliefs. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 1. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events 10 Downing Street becomes the official residence of the United Kingdoms Prime Minister when Robert Walpole moves in. ... This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ...


Landowners were given 2 days to sell their lands and leave. Cattle, sheep, furniture and land all had to be dumped on the market, and the Salzburgers received little money from the well-to-do Catholic allies of Von Firmian. Von Firmian himself confiscated much of their land for his own family, and ordered all Protestant books and Bibles burned. Many children aged 12 and under were seized to be raised as Roman Catholics. Yet those who owned land benefitted from one key advantage: the three-month deadline delayed their departure until after the worst of winter. This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ... Book burning is the practice of ceremoniously destroying by fire one or more copies of a book or other written material. ...


Non-owner farmers, tradesmen, laborers and miners were given only 8 days to sell what they could and leave. The first refugees marched north through the Alps in desperately cold temperatures and snow storms, seeking shelter in the few cities of Germany controlled by Protestant Princes, while their children walked or rode on wooden wagons loaded with baggage. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


As they went, the exiles' savings were quickly drained away as they were set upon by highwaymen, who seized taxes, tolls and payment for protection by soldiers from robbers. Folk image of a mounted highwayman Highwayman was a term used particularly in Britain during the 17th and 18th centuries to describe robbers who targeted people traveling by stagecoach and other modes of transport along public highways. ...


The story of their plight spread quickly as their columns marched north. Goethe wrote the poem Hermann and Dorothea about the Salzburg exiles' march. Protestants and even some Catholics were horrified at the cruelty of their expulsion in winter, and the courage they had shown by not renouncing their faith. Slowly at first, they came upon towns that welcomed them and offered them aid. But there was no place where such a large number of refugees could settle. Johann Wolfgang Goethe  , IPA: , later von Goethe, (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath: he was a poet, novelist, dramatist, humanist, scientist, theorist, painter, and for ten years chief minister of state for the duchy of Weimar. ... Hermann and Dorothea is an epic 1798 poem by German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. ...


Finally, in 1732 Lutheran King Frederick William I of Prussia accepted 12,000 Salzburger Protestant emigrants, who settled in areas of East Prussia that had been devastated by the plague twenty years before. [1] Their new homelands were located in what today is northeastern Poland, the Kaliningrad Oblast, and Lithuania. Other, smaller groups made their way to the Banat region of modern Romania, to what is now Slovakia, to areas near Berlin and Hannover in Germany, and to the Netherlands. Another small group made its way to Debrecen (Hungary). Events February 23 - First performance of Handels Orlando, in London June 9 - James Oglethorpe is granted a royal charter for the colony of Georgia. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Frederick William I (German: Friedrich Wilhelm I) (August 14, 1688 – May 31, 1740) of the House of Hohenzollern, was the King in Prussia from 1713 until his death. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ... Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: , Kaliningradskaya Oblast; informally called Yantarny kray (, meaning amber region) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast) on the Baltic coast. ... Location of Banat in Europe Map of the Banat region with largest cities shown The Banat (Romanian: Banat, Serbian: Банат or Banat, Hungarian: Bánát or Bánság, German: Banat, Slovak: Banát, Bulgarian: Банат) is a geographical and historical region of Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (in German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Debrecen , (approximate pronunciation, Deb-ret-sen), (Romanian: , German: ; Croatian: Debr(e)cin) is the second largest city in Hungary after Budapest. ...


On March 12, 1734, a small group of about sixty exiles from England who had traveled to London arrived in the British American colony of Georgia seeking religious freedom. Later in that year, they were joined by a second group, and, by 1741, a total of approximately 150 of the Salzburg exiles had founded the town of Ebenezer on the Savannah River, about twenty-five miles north of the city of Savannah. Other German-speaking families – mostly Swiss Germans, Palatines and Swabians – also joined the Salzburgers at Ebenezer. In time, all of these Germanic people became known as "Salzburgers". is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Ebenezer is a ghost town in Effingham County, Georgia, along the banks of Ebenezer Creek. ... For the Department of Energy facility, see Savannah River Site The Savannah River is a major river in the southeastern United States, forming most of the border between the states of South Carolina and Georgia. ... Savannah redirects here. ...


In 1772-1803, under archbishop Mincus Sable, Salzburg was a centre of late Illuminism. In 1803, the archbishopric was secularized and handed over to Ferdinand III of Tuscany, former Grand Duke of Tuscany, and, two years later it was annexed to Austria together with Berchtesgaden. In 1810 it was returned to Bavaria, but after the Congress of Vienna (1816) it was again restored to Austria. In 1850 it became an independent territory of the Austrian crown. Illuminism is a belief system whereby a believer makes a claim that he has been illuminated or experienced enlightenment of a spiritual nature. ... Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, or, more fully, His Imperial and Royal Highness Ferdinando III Giuseppe Giovanni Baptista Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke of Austria, Prince of Hungary and Bohemia, (May 6, 1769 - June 18, 1824; born and died in Florence, Italy), was the son of Leopold II of... // Unofficial Medici Rulers of Florence, 1434-1531 Cosimo de Medici 1434-1464 Piero I de Medici 1464-1469 (The Gouty) Lorenzo I de Medici 1469-1492 (The Magnificent) Giuliano de Medici 1469-1478 Piero II de Medici 1492-1494 Republic restored 1494-1512 Cardinal Giovanni de Medici 1512-1513 Lorenzo... Berchtesgaden is a town in the German Bavarian Alps. ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from late September, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ...

Shoppers on Getreidegasse.
Shoppers on Getreidegasse.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1439 KB) View of shoppers on Getreidegasse, which is one of the oldest streets in Salzburg. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1439 KB) View of shoppers on Getreidegasse, which is one of the oldest streets in Salzburg. ...

20th century

In 1921, in an unofficial poll, 99% of citizens voted for annexation to Germany.[2] On March 13, 1938, during the Anschluss, German troops occupied Salzburg; political opponents and Jewish citizens were subsequently arrested, and the synagogue was destroyed. Several POW camps for prisoners from the Soviet Union and other nations were organized in the area. is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... Austria first became a center of Jewish learning during the 13th century. ... A Prisoner-of-war camp is a site for the containment of persons captured by the enemy in time of war. ...


During World War II, the KZ Salzburg-Maxglan concentration camp was located here. It was a Roma camp and provided slave labour to local industry.[3] Allied bombing destroyed 7,600 houses and killed 550 inhabitants. Although the town's bridges and the dome of the cathedral were demolished, much of its Baroque architecture remained intact. As a result, it is one of the few remaining examples of a town of its style. American troops entered Salzburg on May 5, 1945 Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... Slavery is any of a number of related conditions involving control of a person against his or her will, enforced by violence or other clear forms of coercion. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... Façade of the Salzburg Cathedral The Salzburg Cathedral (German: ) is a 17th century baroque cathedral in the city of Salzburg, dedicated to Saint Rupert of Salzburg. ... The List of major U.S. Commands of World War II includes major military commands of the United States. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...


In the city of Salzburg there were several DP Camps following World War II. Among these were Riedenburg, Camp Herzl (Franz-Josefs-Kaserne), Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and New Palestine. Salzburg was the centre of the American-occupied area in Austria. A displaced persons camp is in principle any temporary facility for displaced persons but in common usage refers to camps for individuals displaced as a result of World War II, particularly refugees from Eastern Europe. ... Riedenburg is a town in the district of Kelheim, in Bavaria, Germany. ...


21st century

As of 2006, Salzburg's Jewish community consists of little more than 100 people. The synagogue at Lasserstraße 8 is still the religious center. Despite of being a Non-secular province with a Catholic Archbishop as the head of the state, Salzburg has a long record of Jewish history. ...


On January 27, 2006, the 250th anniversary of the birth of Wolfgang Mozart, all 35 churches of Salzburg rang their bells a little after 8PM (local time) to celebrate the occasion. Major celebrations took place throughout the year. is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ...


Main sights

Early Morning Scene
Early Morning Scene

Salzburg is a tourist favourite, with the number of tourists outnumbering locals by a large margin in peak times. In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixel Image in higher resolution (3188 × 2234 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 561 pixel Image in higher resolution (3188 × 2234 pixel, file size: 2. ... Visits to Austria mostly include trips to Vienna with its Cathedral, its Heurigenschenken (wine pubs) and romantic Waltz music flair. ...

A view of the Fortress Hohensalzburg
A view of the Fortress Hohensalzburg
Gardens in Mirabell Palace
Gardens in Mirabell Palace

Old Town Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 2. ... Festung Hohensalzburg (literally High Salzburg Fortress in German) is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3648 × 2736 pixel, file size: 2. ...

  • The whole Old Town of Salzburg was nominated as a World Heritage Site in 1996.
  • The baroque architecture including the many churches are world famous.
  • The Salzburg Cathedral
  • The fortress Hohensalzburg on a hill dominating the old town is one of the largest castles in Europe, with views over Salzburg.
  • The Franziskanerchurch
  • The St.Peter cemetery
  • The Nonnberg Abbey a Benedictine monastery
  • The "Residenz" Palace (the magnificent former Prince-Archbishop's residence)
  • Mozart's Birthplace
  • Mozart's Residence
  • The University Church
  • The Siegmundstor (or Neutor)
  • The Getreidegasse

Outside the Inner Old Town A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Façade of the Salzburg Cathedral The Salzburg Cathedral (German: ) is a 17th century baroque cathedral in the city of Salzburg, dedicated to Saint Rupert of Salzburg. ... Festung Hohensalzburg (literally High Salzburg Fortress in German) is a castle in the Austrian city of Salzburg. ... Nonnberg Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in Salzburg, Austria. ... View of shoppers on Getreidegasse, which is one of the oldest streets in Salzburg. ...

  • Palace of Mirabell with its wide gardens full of flowers
  • The palace of Leopoldskron is a rococo palace and a national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, a southern district of the city of Salzburg.
  • Hellbrunn with its parks and castles
  • Tour companies operate tours of locations used in the film The Sound of Music.

Within the greater Salzburg area Schloss Leopoldskron with the fortress Hohensalzburg Racing pool of the Freibad Leopoldskron with 10m diving tower. ... Rodgers and Hammersteins The Sound of Music is a 1965 film directed by Robert Wise and starring Julie Andrews in the lead role. ...

  • Anif Castle
  • The Basilika Maria Plain on the Calvary Hill, a late Baroque church, on the northern edge of Salzburg.
  • Salzburger Freilichtmuseum Großgmain, an open-air museum containing old farmhouses/farm buildings from all over the state assembled in historic setting.
  • The Schloss Klessheim Palace (today a Casino) was formerly used by Adolf Hitler
  • The Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat of which only the Eagle's Nest remains, was in nearby Berchtesgaden
  • The Salzkammergut is an area of lakes in the Salzburg state, east of the city and further on into the provinces of Upper Austria and Styria.
  • The Untersberg mountain is next to the city, straddling the German-Austrian border, and on a clear day provides panoramic views of the city and the Alps.
  • Skiing is a key attraction during winter. Salzburg itself has no skiing facilities, but it acts as a gateway to skiing areas to the south. During the winter months its airport receives a large number of charter flights from around Europe.

Anif is as small village southern of Salzburg with 4. ... Schloss Klessheim Schloss Klessheim is a palace situated 4 km west of Salzburg in the Austrian commune of Wals-Siezenheim. ... Hitler redirects here. ... There is more than one thing called Berghof: The Berghof was Adolf Hitlers home, now demolished, in the mountains of Bavaria. ... The Kehlsteinhaus The Kehlsteinhaus is a chalet-style building, which used to be an extension of the Obersalzberg complex built by the Nazis in the German Alps near Berchtesgaden. ... Berchtesgaden is a town in the German Bavarian Alps. ... The Salzkammergut is a resort area east of Salzburg, Austria, spanning the federal states of Upper Austria, Salzburg, and Styria. ... Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Upper Austria (Ober sterreich) is one of the nine federal states or Bundesl nder of Austria. ... Styria redirects here. ... Untersberg The Untersberg is a mountain massif in the Alps, between Berchtesgaden, Germany and Salzburg, Austria. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... A charter airline is one that operates charter flights, that is flights that take place outside normal schedules, by a hiring arrangement with a particular customer. ...

Notable citizens

Mozart's birthplace at Getreidegasse 9
  • The composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and raised in Salzburg, for whose archbishops he worked from 1769 to 1781. His house of birth and residence are tourist attractions. His family is buried in a small church graveyard in the old town, and there are many monuments to "Wolferl" in the city.
  • Christian Doppler, an expert on acoustic theory, was born in Salzburg. He is most known for his discovery of the Doppler effect.
  • Josef Mohr was born in Salzburg. Together with Franz Gruber, he composed and wrote the text for "Silent Night". As a priest in neighbouring Oberndorf he performed the song for the first time in 1818.
  • Noted writer Stefan Zweig lived in Salzburg for about 15 years, until 1934.
  • Maria Von Trapp (later Maria Trapp) and her family lived in Salzburg until they fled to America following the Nazi takeover.
  • Salzburg is the birthplace of Hans Makart, a 19th-century Austrian painter-decorator and national celebrity. Makartplatz (Makart Square) is named in his honour.
  • Writer Thomas Bernhard was raised in Salzburg and spent part of his life there.
  • Herbert von Karajan was a notable musician and conductor. He was born in Salzburg and died in 1989 in neighbouring Anif.
  • Anthropologist Udo Ludwig was born here.
  • Roland Ratzenberger, Formula One driver, was born in Salzburg. He died in the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.
  • Joseph Leutgeb, French horn virtuoso
  • Klaus Ager, the distinguished contemporary composer and Mozarteum professor, was born in Salzburg on 10 May 1946.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1387 KB) Mozarts birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg, Austria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1387 KB) Mozarts birthplace at Getreidegasse 9, Salzburg, Austria. ... “Mozart” redirects here. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Christian Doppler Johann Christian Andreas Doppler (November 29, 1803 – March 17, 1853) was an Austrian mathematician and physicist, most famous for the hypothesis of what is now known as the Doppler effect which is the apparent change in frequency and wavelength of a wave that is perceived by an observer... Acoustics is the branch of physics concerned with the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). ... A source of waves moving to the left. ... Josef Mohr was the Austrian priest who wrote the words to the Christmas carol, Silent Night. ... Mohr and Gruber on an Austrian stamp (1987) Franz Xaver Gruber (1787–June 7, 1863), was an Austrian primary school teacher and organist in the village of Oberndorf and then in Hallein, Salzburg. ... Autograph of the carol by Gruber Silent Night (Stille Nacht) is a traditional and popular Christmas carol. ... Oberndorfbei Salzburg is an Austriantown, some 17 km north of Salzburg. ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Stefan Zweig Stefan Zweig (November 28, 1881, Vienna, Austria – February 23, 1942, Petrópolis, Brazil) was an Austrian novelist, playwright, journalist and biographer. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Maria von Trapp Maria Augusta von Trapp (née Kutschera; January 26, 1905–March 28, 1987) was the matriarch of the Trapp Family Singers. ... Hans Makart (May 28, 1840 - October 3, 1884) was a 19th century Austrian academic history painter, designer, and decorator; most well known for his influence on Gustav Klimt and other Austrian artists, but in his own era considered an important artist himself and was a celebrity figure in the high... Thomas Bernhard (February 9, 1931, Heerlen - February 12, 1989, Ohlsdorf) was an Austrian playwright and novelist. ... Herbert von Karajan (April 5, 1908 – July 16, 1989) was an Austrian conductor. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Anif is as small village southern of Salzburg with 4. ... Roland Ratzenberger (July 4, 1960 – April 30, 1994) was an Austrian Formula One driver who died during qualifying for the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix, the same event that saw the death of three-time world champion Ayrton Senna. ... F1 redirects here. ... 1994 San Marino Grand Prix - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Joseph (Ignaz) Leutgeb (or Leitgeb) (October 8, 1732 - February 27, 1811) was an outstanding horn player of the classical era, a friend and musical inspiration for Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. ... Klaus Ager (born 10 May 1946 in Salzburg) is an Austrian composer and conductor. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Events

The Salzburg Festival (Salzburger Festspiele) is a prominent festival of music and drama. ... The Salzburg Easter Festival (the Salzburger Osterfestspiele) is an annual festival of opera and classical music held in Salzburg, Austria during Easter week. ... The EUROPRIX Multimedia Award was started by the Austrian presidency in 1998 as a EU member states initiative, supported by the European Commission DG Enterprise and Information Society, governments of other countries in the European Union and private industry. ...

Transportation

The city is serviced by comprehensive rail connections, with frequent east-west trains servicing Vienna, Munich, Innsbruck, and Zürich, including daily high-speed ICE services. The city also acts as a hub for south-bound trains through the Alps into Italy. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... ICE 3 trainset near Ingolstadt The InterCityExpress or ICE (German pronunciation: ) is a system of high-speed trains predominantly running in Germany and its neighbouring countries. ...


Salzburg Airport has scheduled flights to European cities such as Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Amsterdam and Zürich, as well as Dublin and Charleroi. In addition to these, there is an even greater number of charter flights. From the air. ... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Charleroi (Walloon: TchÃ¥lerwè) is the first city and municipality of Wallonia in population. ...


In the main city there is a trolleybus and bus system with more than 20 lines, and service every 10 minutes. Salzburg also has an S-Bahn system with four Lines (S1, S2, S3, S11), trains depart from the main station every 30 minutes. Suburb line number S1 reaches the world famous Silent Night chapel in Oberndorf in about 25 minutes. Further information: electric bus A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is an electric bus powered by two overhead wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... S-Bahn refers to suburban metro railways in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. ... Oberndorf bei Salzburg is an Austrian town, some 17 km north of Salzburg. ...


Popular culture

In the 1960s, the movie The Sound of Music was filmed in Salzburg and the state of Salzburg. The movie was based on the true story of Maria von Trapp, a Salzburg-based nun who took up with an aristocratic family and fled German occupation. Although the film is not particularly popular among Austrians, the town draws many visitors who wish to visit the filming locations, alone or on tours. Rodgers and Hammersteins The Sound of Music is a 1965 film directed by Robert Wise and starring Julie Andrews in the lead role. ... Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Maria Augusta von Trapp (née Kutschera; January 26, 1905 – March 28, 1987) was the matriarch of the Trapp Family Singers. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ...


Sports

The former SV Austria Salzburg reached the UEFA Cup final in 1994. On April 6, 2005 Red Bull bought the club and changed the name into FC Red Bull Salzburg. The clubs future plans are to be among the 10 best Europe football clubs. The home Stadium of Red Bull Salzburg is the Wals Siezenheim Stadium in a suburb in the agglomeration of Salzburg, will be one of the venues for the 2008 European Football Championship. For the club known as SV Austria Salzburg from 1933 to 1978, see FC Red Bull Salzburg. ... The UEFA Cup (also known as European Cup 3, CE3 or C3) is a football competition for European club teams, organized by the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Red Bull (disambiguation). ... FC Red Bull Salzburg is an Austrian football club, based in Salzburg. ... The Stadion Wals-Siezenheim is a football stadium in Salzburg, Austria. ... The 2008 European Football Championship will take place in Austria and Switzerland, from 7 June to 29 June 2008. ...

Wikinews has related news: Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games The 2010 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXI Olympic Winter Games, are the next Winter Olympics and will be celebrated in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada in 2010. ... Three cities made the shortlist with their bids to host the 2010 Winter Olympics (formally known as XXI Olympic Winter Games), which were awarded to Vancouver, British Columbia, on July 2, 2003. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The original seven applicant cities that presented bids to host the 2014 Winter Olympics (formally known as XXII Olympic Winter Games) were: Sochi, Russia Salzburg, Austria Jaca, Spain Almaty, Kazakhstan PyeongChang, South Korea Sofia, Bulgaria Borjomi, Georgia On June 22, 2006, the Executive Board of the International Olympic Committee selected... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sochi (Russian: , IPA: [soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. ... Pyeongchang County (Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Guatemala City (in full, La Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción; locally known as Guatemala or Guate) is the capital and largest city of the nation of Guatemala. ...

Sister cities

stadt salzburg flag in horizontal form This image is ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain, because it consists entirely of information that is common property and contains no original authorship. ... stadt salzburg flag in horizontal form This image is ineligible for copyright and therefore in the public domain, because it consists entirely of information that is common property and contains no original authorship. ... This is a redirect page for flag galleries. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Reims (alternative English spelling Rheims; pronounced in French) is a city of the Champagne-Ardenne région of northern France, standing 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Meran (German) / Merano (Italian) is probably best known as a spa in the South Tyrol. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Location within Switzerland The city of Bern, English traditionally Berne (Bernese German Bärn , German Bern , French Berne , Italian Berna , Romansh Berna ), is the Bundesstadt (administrative capital) of Switzerland, and is the fourth most populous Swiss city (after Zürich, Geneva and Basel). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Gallery

External links

Culture-related

  • [4] - Article by Brian Robins: "Mozart's Salzburg".

Olympic-related

  • Salzburg 2014 -- 2014 Olympic bid website

Tourism-related

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The American International School (AIS)- Salzburg is an international college preparatory boarding and day school located in Salzburg, Austria. ...

Others

The European Library is a library portal for searching the databases and open public access catalogues as well as for accessing the digital content of European national libraries. ...

Sources

  1. ^ http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/people_frederickIprussia.html
  2. ^ http://mdz1.bib-bvb.de/cocoon2/histlexbay/artikel/artikel_44926
  3. ^ Christine O'Keefe. Concentration Camps.www.tartanplace.com/tartanhistory/concentrationcamps.html



edit Cities and Districts (Bezirke) of Salzburg State Flag of Austria
Salzburg map

Hallein | Salzburg | Salzburg-Umgebung | Sankt Johann im Pongau | Tamsweg | Zell am See Salzburg is a state or Land of Austria with an area of 7,154 km², located adjacent to the German border. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Map of Salzburg (state) Original by de:Benutzer:Butterbur, 6. ... The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau region. ... The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Flachgau region, except for the Statutarstadt of Salzburg, which forms a district of its own. ... The Bezirk Sankt Johann im Pongau is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pongau region. ... The Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Lungau region. ... The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (Bezirk) in the federal state of Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pinzgau region. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Salzburg - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1692 words)
Salzburg (population 135,000 in 2005) is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 520,000 in 2003).
The geographic coordinates of Salzburg are 47°48′00″N, 13°02′36″E.
Until 1803, the Archbishop of Salzburg was the ruler of the city and the surrounding territory.
Salzburg - definition of Salzburg in Encyclopedia (848 words)
Salzburg (population 145,000 in 2003) is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 520,000 in 2003).
The geographic coordinates of Salzburg are 47.81 degrees north, 13.04 degrees east.
The Salzburg Festival is a world-renowned music festival that attracts visitors during the months of July and August each year.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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