His famous experiment with Max Delbrück in 1943 demonstrated statistically that inheritance in bacteria must follow Darwinian rather than Larmarckian principles and that mutant bacteria occurring randomly can still bestow viral resistance without the virus being present. The idea that natural selection affects bacteria has profound consequences, for example, it explains how bacteria develop antibiotic resistance.
Along with Max Delbrück and Alfred Hershey, Luria was awarded the 1969Nobel Prize in physiology and medicine. He died in Lexington, Massachusetts.
Categories: 1912 births | 1991 deaths | Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine winners | People associated with Columbia University
SalvadorEdwardLuria was born on August 13, 1912, in Torino, Italy.
In 1950, Luria was appointed by the University of Illinois as Professor of Microbiology.
A decade later, Luria moved to MIT, where he remained until retirement; from 1959-1964 he was the Professor of Microbiology; in 1964, he became the Sedgwick Professor of Biology; in 1970, he was appointed Institute Professor at the Department of Biology.
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