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Encyclopedia > Saltire

A saltire, Saint Andrew's Cross, or crux decussata (though it is never called the last in heraldry), is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross or the letter X. Saint Andrew is said to have been martyred on such a cross. The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ... The Saltire Society, established in 1936, is an organisation dedicated to promoting the culture and environment of Scotland. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ... For other uses, see Martyr (disambiguation). ...


It forms the national Flag of Scotland and Flag of Jamaica, and appears on many other flags, arms and seals. It is also used as a traffic sign and a form of BDSM furniture. The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Jamaica was adopted on August 6, 1962 which was the original Jamaican Independence Day. ... The St. ... Collars are a commonly used symbol of BDSM and can be ornamental and utilitarian. ... BDSM-sling smotherbox in use Erotic furniture, represents any form of furniture that can act as an aid to sexual intercourse. ...


Heraldry

Contents

A saltire is an X-shaped ordinary in heraldry. Like other ordinaries, a single saltire is throughout — extending to the edges of the field — unless it is blazoned as couped (cut off). When two or more saltires appear, they are necessarily couped, and need not be so described explicitly. In heraldry, an ordinary is a simple geometrical figure on the arms, wider than a line or division of the field. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... This is an article about Heraldry. ...


A saltorel is a narrow saltire; the term is usually defined as one-half the width of the saltire, and is a relatively recent "innovation". This is apparently different from a fillet saltire.

The 10th Mountain Division of the US Army uses bayonets in saltire to represent the Roman numeral X (10)
The 10th Mountain Division of the US Army uses bayonets in saltire to represent the Roman numeral X (10)

A field that is party per saltire is divided into four areas by x-shaped cuts. If two tinctures are specified, the first refers to the areas above and below the X, and the second refers to the ones on either side. Otherwise, each of the four divisions may be blazoned separately, the sequence being then top, left, right, bottom. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division of the United States Army currently serving under the XVIII Airborne Corps. ... The system of Roman numerals is a numeral system originating in ancient Rome, and was adapted from Etruscan numerals. ... For a list of words with definitions, see the Heraldic tincture category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In heraldry, tinctures are the colours used to blazon a coat of arms. ...


The phrase in saltire is used in two ways: to describe two charges, such as the keys in the arms of many entities associated with Saint Peter, crossing each other diagonally; or for five or more charges, one in the center and one or more on each arm of an invisible saltire. A single key A key is a device which is used to open a lock by turning. ... “St Peter” redirects here. ...


Three saltires couped appear in the arms and flag of Amsterdam, and a saltire is used by a supporter of the royal arms of Scotland. The flag traditionally attributed to the Kingdom of Mercia was a gold saltire on a light blue background. Thus, Azure a saltire Or are now the arms of the City and District of St Albans. For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... The Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland, used prior to 1603 by the Kings of Scotland The Royal Coat of Arms of Scotland is the historical coat of arms of the Kings and Queens of Scots, used by them until the personal union with the Kingdom of England in 1603. ... The Kingdom of Mercia at its greatest extent (7th to 9th centuries) is shown in green, with the original core area (6th century) given a darker tint. ... The City and District of St Albans is a local government district, in Hertfordshire, England. ...


Flags

The Andreyevsky Ensign is a flag of the Russian Navy
The Andreyevsky Ensign is a flag of the Russian Navy

The Flag of Scotland, called The Saltire or St Andrew's Cross, is a blue field with a white saltire; according to tradition, it represents Saint Andrew, who is supposed to have been crucified on a cross of that form (called a crux decussata) at Patras. The St Andrew's Cross was worn as a badge on hats in Scotland, on the day of the feast of St Andrew.[1] It is the oldest continuously used sovereign flag in the world, having been in use since 732 AD. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Russia. ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Russia. ... Ensign of the Imperial Japanese Navy. ... The Russian Navy or VMF (Russian: Военно-Морской Флот (ВМФ) - Voyenno- Morskoy Flot (VMF) or Military Maritime Fleet) is the naval arm of the Russian armed forces. ... The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, a white saltire with an official Pantone 300 coloured field. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Ανδρέας, Andreas), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle and the elder brother of Saint Peter. ... Patras (Demotic Greek: Πάτρα, Pátra, Classical Greek: Πάτραι, Pátrai, Latin: , Ottoman Turkish: Ballıbadra) is the third-largest city of Greece and the capital of the prefecture of Achaea, located in northern Peloponnese, 215 kilometers to the west of Athens. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with a saint, and referring to the day as the saints day of that saint. ...


Numerous flags are inspired by the saltire and the colours blue and white—mostly connected with Scotland or Russia, where Saint Andrew is the national patron saint. The naval ensign of the Imperial Russian (1696-1917) and Russian navies (1991-present) is a blue saltire on a white field. Prior to the Union the Royal Scots Navy used a red ensign incorporating the St Andrew's Cross. This ensign is now commonly flown as part of an unofficial civil ensign in Scottish waters. The blue saltire on white design is featured on the Coat of Arms of Nova Scotia, Canada and its flag (Nova Scotia was originally a Scottish colony), but the blue used for Nova Scotia is generally a light blue. Similarly, the flags of the Spanish island of Tenerife and the remote Colombian islands of San Andrés and Providencia also use a white saltire on a blue field. This article is about the country. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... Russian Navy Jack Russian Navy Ensign The Imperial Russian Navy refers to the Navy of Imperial Russia, before the Soviet Union. ... The Acts of Union were a pair of Acts of Parliament passed in 1706 and 1707 (taking effect on 1 May 1707) by, respectively, the Parliament of England and the Parliament of Scotland. ... The Scottish Red Ensign, flown by ships of the Royal Scots Navy The Royal Scots Navy (or Old Scots Navy) was the navy of the Kingdom of Scotland from its foundation in the 11th century until its merger with Englands Royal Navy per the Acts of Union 1707. ... The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign of the United Kingdom in use in London The Red Ensign or Red Duster is a flag that originated in the early 17th century as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... The civil ensign (a. ... The Scottish Adjacent Waters Boundaries Order 1999 is a statutory instrument of the parliament of the United Kingdom, defining the boundaries between waters which are to be treated as internal waters or territorial sea of the United Kingdom adjacent to Scotland and those which are not. It was introduced in... The coat of arms of the province of Nova Scotia, Canada, officially the Arms of Her Majesty in Right of the Province of Nova Scotia, is the oldest provincial achievement of arms in Canada, and the oldest British coat of arms outside Great Britain. ... Flag of Nova Scotia The flag of Nova Scotia, created in 1858[1], is a banner of the provincial arms. ... Scottish colonization of the Americas consisted of a number of failed or abandoned Scottish settlements in North America, a colony at Darien, Panama and a number of wholly or largely Scottish settlements made after the Acts of Union 1707. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Motto: Capital San Andrés Governor Area 52 km² Population  - Total (2003)  - Density   83,491 1,600 people/km² Adjective San Andrés and Providencia (Spanish: San Andrés y Providencia) is one of the departments of Colombia. ...

The Flag of Scotland forms one of the three crosses that are superimposed to form the Union Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (The other two are St George's Cross [representing England] and St Patrick's Cross [representing Ireland].) Image File history File links Flags_of_the_Union_Jack. ... Image File history File links Flags_of_the_Union_Jack. ... Union Jack redirects here. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... St Georges cross The St Georges Cross is a red cross on a white background. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Saint Patricks Flag: a red saltire on a field of white The Saint Patricks Flag features a red saltire, a crux decussata (X-shaped cross), on a white field; representing Saint Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. ...


The design of the St Andrew's Cross was also a major inspiration for several other flags, including the flag of Jamaica and the Confederate battle flag and Navy Jack used during the American Civil War (see Flags of the Confederate States of America). Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of Jamaica was adopted on August 6, 1962 which was the original Jamaican Independence Day. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... The Confederate States of America used several flags during its existence from 1861 to 1865. ...

Arms of the FitzGeralds
Arms of the FitzGeralds

The Confederate battle flag is also related to the red Irish saltire, the so-called St. Patrick's cross (in actuality derived from the arms of the FitzGeralds), which is the smaller red saltire found in the Union Flag. The designer of the Confederate battle flag, William Porcher Miles, never claimed it to be a St. Andrew's cross design, but rather a heraldic saltire without religious symbolism. Image File history File links Duke_of_Leinster_coa. ... Image File history File links Duke_of_Leinster_coa. ... Statue of Saint Patrick Saint Patrick (died March 17, 462, 492, or 493), is the patron saint of Ireland. ... The Duke of Leinster (referring to Leinster and, unlike the province, pronounced Linster) is Irelands premier peer. ... Union Jack redirects here. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Other saltire flags include the flags of Alabama, Florida, Jamaica, Grenada, Jersey, Potchefstroom and Valdivia, which is identical to the flag of St. Patrick. The flag of Alabama The flag of Alabama was adopted by Act 383 of the Alabama state legislature on February 16, 1895. ... The flag of Florida The flag of Florida consists of a red saltire (diagonal cross) on a white background, with the seal of Florida superimposed on the center. ... Potchefstroom Flag Potchefstroom is a large academic town with the North-West University, situated on the banks of the Mooi River (literally pretty river), 120 km west-southwest of Johannesburg in the North West Province of South Africa. ... Flag of Valdivia The flag of Valdivia is a red saltire (crux decussata or X-cross) on a white field. ...


Other uses

Signage

A white St. Andrew's Cross on a blue background (or black on yellow for temporary signs) is displayed in UK railway signalling as a "cancelling indicator" for the Automatic Warning System or AWS, informing the driver that the received warning can be disregarded. The UK railway signalling system used across the majority of the United Kingdom railway network uses colour lights to tell the driver the status of the section of track ahead. ... The Automatic Warning System (AWS) refers to the specific form of limited cab signalling introduced in 1948 in the United Kingdom to help train drivers observe and obey warning signals, yellow or green. ...


Gallery of saltires

See also

This is a gallery of flags arranged by design. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... Also known as the Latin cross or crux ordinaria. ... A reliquary in the form of an ornate Christian Cross Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope...

References

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Saltire

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Scotland Flag - All about the Scottish Saltire Flag of Scotland (542 words)
Throughout the 17th century, the Saltire continued to be used as a national symbol, particularly by the army and navy and even following its incorporation into the first Union flag in 1606 after the union of the crowns.
After the Union of the Parliaments in 1707, however, the widespread use of the Saltire declined and it wasn't until the later 20th century that there was a major resurgence in its use.
The Saltire is also used by many bodies, both private and public, as a logo since its simplicity of design makes it ideally suited for use as a brand.
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