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Encyclopedia > Salsette Island
The island as seen from the sky

Salsette (साष्टी) (Portuguese: Salsete, Marathi: Sashti (साष्टी)) is an island in Maharashtra state on India's west coast. The metropolis of Mumbai (formerly Bombay) and the city of Thane lie on this island. Satellite image of the city of Mumbai, India File links The following pages link to this file: Mumbai Salsette Island Categories: Images with unknown source ... Satellite image of the city of Mumbai, India File links The following pages link to this file: Mumbai Salsette Island Categories: Images with unknown source ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the most populous city of India, and by some measures the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ... For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ...

Contents

Location

The present island was formerly made up of several smaller islands, which were joined together during the 19th and early 20th centuries to form a single island. It is bounded on the north by Vasai Creek, on the northeast by the Ulhas River, on the east by Thane Creek and Bombay Harbour, and on the south and west by the Arabian Sea. The city of Mumbai lies on a peninsula on the southern end of the island, and Mumbai's suburbs cover much of the remainder of the island. The island contains Borivali National Park, also known as Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The city of Thane lies at the island's north-eastern corner, on Thane Creek. The coordinates are approximately 20° N and 72° E. Politically, most of the island falls into the municipality of Mumbai. The municipality is divided into two separate districts, Mumbai City and Mumbai Suburbs. The northern portion of the island lies within Thane District, which extends across Vasai and Thane creeks onto the mainland. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Vasai Creek is an estuarine creek, one of the two main distributaries of the Ulhas River in Maharashtra state of western India. ... The Ulhas River is a river of western India. ... Thane Creek is the estuary of the Ulhas river, opening into Bombay Harbour. ... The estuary of the Ulhas river, the northern (and narrower) part of which is called the Thane Creek. ... Map of the Arabian Sea. ... The Borivali National Park, also known as Sanjay Gandhi National Park is the world’s only National Park within city limits. ... Maharashtra state is made up of 35 districts, which are grouped into six divisions. ...


History

The name Sashti means "sixty-six villages." Present-day Sashti Island was formerly several separate islands. Most of the northern and middle part of the present island were part of historic Sashti island, while the southern part of the island, which includes Mumbai City, was originally seven small islands (Mahim, Bombay, Mazagaon, Parel, Colaba, Little Colaba, and Sion), extending south from Sashti. The island of Trombay lay to the southeast of Sashti. The original islands Seven islands were merged to form the city of Bombay (now called Mumbai): Isle of Bombay Colaba Little Colaba or Old Womans Island Mahim Mazagaon Parel Worli The nearby islands of Trombay and Salsette were also merged to form the surburban Greater Bombay. ... Trombay is a NorthEastern suburb in Mumbai, India, with Mankhurd as the closest railway station on the Harbour Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. ...


109 Buddhist caves, including those at Kanheri, can be found on the island, and date from the end of the 2nd century. The island was ruled by a succession of Hindu kingdoms, the last of which to rule the islands were the Silharas. In 1343 the islands were annexed by the Muslim Sultanate of Gujarat. In 1534 the Portuguese took the islands from Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. Nine Roman Catholic churches were built on Sashti island by the Portuguese: Nirmal (1557), Nossa Senhora dos Remédios (1557), Sandor (1566), Agashi (1568), Nandakal (1573), Papdy (1574), Pale (1595), Manickpur (1606), and Nossa Senhora das Mercês (1606). Sashti was part of the northern province of Portuguese India, which was governed from Baçaím (present-day Vasai) on the north shore of Vasai Creek. In 1661 the seven Bombay islets were ceded to Britain as part of the dowry of Catherine of Bragança to King Charles II of England. Sashti remained in Portuguese hands. King Charles in turn leased the Bombay islets to the British East India Company in 1668 for £10 per year. The company found the deep harbour at Bombay eminently apposite, and the population rose from 10,000 in 1661 to 60,000 by 1675. In 1687, the East India Company transferred their headquarters there from Surat. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The Hindu Silhara dynasty ruled the region around present day Mumbai from the 9 century to the 13 century. ... Events Magnus II of Sweden abdicates from the throne of Norway in favor of his son Haakon VI of Norway. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... 1534 (MDXXXIV) was a common year in the 16th century. ... Bahadur Shah (ruled 1526-1535, 1536-1537) was a Sultan of Gujarat. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Nirmal is a city and a municipality in Adilabad district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... There are parishes and settlements that have the name Nossa Senhora dos Remédios (first part, Portuguese for Our Lady): Nossa Senhora dos Remédios // In Europe In the Azores Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, a parish in the municipality of Povoação Nossa Senhora dos Remédios, a settlement... Events Spain is effectively bankrupt. ... Sandor is one of the nine parishes in the Roman Catholic diocese of Vasai, India. ... Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Year 1573 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1574 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... Events January 27 - The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins ending in their execution on January 31 May 17 - Supporters of Vasili Shusky invade the Kremlin and kill Premier Dmitri December 26 - Shakespeares King Lear performed in court Storm buries a village of St Ismails near... Portuguese India (Portuguese: or Estado da Índia) was the aggregate of Portugals colonial holdings in India. ... Vasai-Virar is a city in Maharashtra state in western India. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Catherine of Braganza. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was one of the first joint-stock companies. ... This article or section should be merged with Mumbai Mumbai (previously known as Bombay) is the worlds most populous conurbation, and is the sixth most populous agglomeration in the world. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events January 5 - The Battle of Turckeim June 18 - Battle of Fehrbellin August 10 - King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London - construction begins November 11 - Guru Gobind Singh becomes the Tenth Guru of the Sikhs. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ...


In 1737 Sashti was captured by the Marathas, and most of the Portuguese northern province was ceded to the Marathas in 1739. The British occupied Sashti in 1774, which was formally ceded to the East India Company in the 1782 Treaty of Salbai. Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Treaty of Salbai of 1782 was an agreement between the Maratha empire and the British East India Company transferring control of the Sashti island (part of the islands that compose the modern city of Mumbai) to the British. ...


In 1782 William Hornby, then Governor of Bombay Presidency, initiated the project of connecting the isles. The Hornby Vellard was the first of the engineering projects, started in 1784, despite opposition from the directors of the East India Company. The cost of the vellard was estimated at Rs. 100,000. The project gained momentum in 1817, and by 1845 the seven southern islands had been connected to form Old Bombay, with an area of 435 km². Railway viaducts and road bridges were built in the 19th century to connect Bombay island to Sashti, and Sashti to the mainland. These railway lines encouraged wealthier merchants to build villas on Sashti, and by 1901 the population of Sashti was 146,993, and became known as Greater Bombay. The channels separating Bombay and Trombay islands from Sashti Island were filled in the early 20th century. William Hornby, governor of Bombay till 1784, is best remembered by the Vellard north of Cumballa Hill which was constructed at his behest against the wishes of the British East India Company. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... The Hornby Vellard was a civil engineering project aimed at uniting all seven islands of Bombay into a single island with a deep natural harbour. ... It has been suggested that History of the rupee be merged into this article or section. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Old Bombay was used to refer to the area which was formed by the merging of the seven original islands of Mumbai, India. ... Greater Bombay was the term used to denote the suburban area of Bombay, India. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Geography

See also: Geography of Mumbai Mumbai is Indias most populated city. ...


Parts of the island are hilly, although many of the hills were cut down and used to enlarge the island by filling in the shallows and to link the islands to one another. The highest point on the island is around 450 metres in the Borivali National Park, in the northern reaches of the island. This National Park is the world's biggest within city limits. The Borivali National Park, also known as Sanjay Gandhi National Park is the world’s only National Park within city limits. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...


Geology

The island is located at the confluence of a number of fault lines. This makes the area earthquake prone, up to a magnitude of 6. The island is mostly composed of black basalt rock. Since it is along the sea coast, it also has a sandy belt on its western coast. The southern region of Old Bombay is mostly at sea level. However, the parts which were erstwhile shallows are below sea level. Many parts of the city are hilly. An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from the sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... Basalt Columnar basalt at Sheepeater Cliff in Yellowstone Basalt (IPA: ) is a common gray to black volcanic rock. ...


Other natural formations

Lakes

There are three major lakes on the island Powai Lake, Tulsi Lake and Vihar Lake. The latter two lakes supply part of the city's water requirements. Numerous other smaller ponds and lakes are also present in the Thane region. On the shores of the Powai lake lies the celebrated Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. Powai Lake Powai Lake is a large artificial lake, situated in a northern suburb of (Mumbai). ... Italic textLink titlelink title Headline text Media:Example. ... Vihar lake is Mumbais largest lake. ... For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, popularly known as IIT Bombay or IIT-B, is an autonomous university located in Powai, in north central Mumbai (formerly Bombay). ...


Rivers

Three small rivers, the Mithi (Mahim), Oshiwara and Dahisar, originate within the National Park, and empty into the Arabian Sea. The Mithi River originates from the Powai Lake. Vasai and Thane creeks are estuarine distributaries of the Ulhas River. Estuaries and coastal waters are among the most productive ecosystems on Earth, providing ecological, economic, cultural, and aesthetic benefits. ... distributary in Else and Hase at Melle A seasonal Distributary of the Kaveri river on the Kaveri delta, near Nannilam, India. ... The Ulhas River is a river of western India. ...


Creeks

A number of saline or brackish creeks extend inland from the coastline. The Mahim creek separates the city from the suburbs in the west, and the Sion Creek in the east (Sion creek no longer exists). Further north on the western coast, the Oshiwara river empties into the Malad (or Marvé) Creek and the Dahisar River into the Gorai Creek. The eastern waterfront too, has many small creeks. Brackish water is water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as sea water. ...


Wetlands

The small southern part of the eastern waterfront of the island forms the Bombay harbour. North of this region lie vast amounts of protected wetlands, home to migratory birds. The northern, north western part of the island and parts of Mahim River also have government protected marshlands. These swampy regions form massive and dense mangrove forests. A harbor (or harbour) or haven is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal. ...


Beaches

The western coast of Mumbai has numerous beaches. The best known is the Girgaum-Chowpatty Beach. Other well known beaches are Dadar Beach, Juhu Beach, Mahim Beach, Gorai Beach, Manori Beach and Worli Beach; of which Juhu and Gorai Beaches lies on west cost of Sashti (साष्टी) island. Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, the most populous city of India, and by some measures the most populous city in the world with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006). ...

Coordinates: 19°12′N 72°54′E Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Salsette Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1072 words)
The island of [Trombay (Turbhe)] lay to the southeast of Sashti.
The island was ruled by a succession of Hindu kingdoms, the last of which to rule the islands were the Silharas.
Parts of the island are hilly, although many of the hills were cut down and used to enlarge the island by filling in the shallows and to link the islands to one another.
SALSETTE - LoveToKnow Article on SALSETTE (201 words)
Salsette is a beautiful, well-wooded tract, its surface being diversified by hills and mountains, some of considerable height, while it is rich in rice fields.
Salsette is crossed by two lines of railway, which have encouraged the building of villa residences by the wealthier merchants of Bombay.
The island was taken from the Portuguese by the Mahrattas in 1739, and from them by the British in 1774; it was formally annexed to the East India Companys dominions in 1782 by the treaty of Salbai.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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