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Encyclopedia > Salman the Persian

Salman the Persian (Arabic سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi, Persian Salman e Farsi) was one of the Prophet Muhammad's companions. Salman is numbered among The Four Companions. For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... The Four Companions, also called the Four Pillars of the Sahaba is a Shia term that refers to the four Sahaba Shia belive stayed most loyal to Ali after the death of Muhammad: Miqdad Abu Dharr Salman al-Farsi Ammar ibn Yasir. ...

Contents


Biography

"I am Salman, the son of Islam from the children of Adam." -- Salman (From "Companions of The Prophet", Vol.1, By: Abdul Wahid Hamid)

Salman was born with the Persian name Rouzbeh near the city of [Isfahan] but his family was popular in Kazerun in the province Pars in Persia (present day Iran) and was a Zoroastrian. Although born in a Zoroastrian family, he converted to Christianity and lived in what is now the city of Isfahan (then called 'Spahan') for the most part of his adolescent life. His father was an influential man of great wealth. Kazerun is an extensive town of (1986) 73,444 inhabitants in the province of Fars in southwestern Iran, situated between Shiraz and Bushire. ... // Introduction Fars is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. ... The Persian Empire was a series of historical empires that ruled over the Iranian plateau and beyond. ... Zoroastrianism was adapted from an earlier, polytheistic faith by Zarathushtra (Zoroaster) in Persia very roughly around 1000 BC (although, in the absence of written records, some scholars estimates are as late as 600 BC). ... Part of Shah Abbas large urban project in his new capital, the Chahār Bāgh Four Gardens, is a four-kilometer avenue in the city of Isfahan. ...


Salman started searching for truth. He was eager to search out since his childhood what he deemed the "true religion". Thus he left his country hoping to attain enlightenment. He embarked on a spiritual journey, traversing through the lands of the Arabian desert. He encountered a Christian monk, whom he accompanied for several years, subsequently converting to Christianity under his influence. Salman acquired much knowledge, experience and wisdom from his travels under the tutelage of the monk. One day, the monk died. Salman, mourning over the loss of his mentor, once again started faring all across the Arabian peninsula. Later on, he came in contact with many Christian preachers and priests, but none satisfied his thirst for enlightenment. Ultimately, he met a sickly old Christian priest on his death-bed, who told Salman about the coming of a new prophet in Medina or Tema as called in Isaiah 21:13-14 and informed him of this prophet's characteristics in accordance with Isaiah 42. Feeling that it was the only way to seek out the truth, he left for Medina in pursuit of the final prophet. The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... A monk is a person who practices asceticism, the conditioning of mind and body in favor of the spirit. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Christianity. ... Tema, population 209,000 (2005), is a city on the Atlantic Ocean coast, east of the capital city of Accra, in the region of Greater Accra, in Ghana, West Africa. ... Isaiah the Prophet in Hebrew Scriptures was depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo. ... Isaiah the Prophet in Hebrew Scriptures was depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo. ... Medina (Arabic: ‎ or المدينة ; also transliterated into English as Madinah) is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. ...


On his way to Medina, he was deceived by a group of Bedouin nomads. They promised to show him the way to the city of Medina. They instead, however, by means of trickery, sold him as a slave to a Jew. He was soon forced to harsh labour in the Jew's garden, which happened to be located in the city of Medina. Medina (Arabic: ‎ or المدينة ; also transliterated into English as Madinah) is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. ... Bedouin resting at Mount Sinai Bedouin, derived from the Arabic , a generic name for a desert-dweller, is a term generally applied to Arab nomadic pastoralist groups, who are found throughout most of the desert belt extending from the Atlantic coast of the Sahara via the Western Desert, Sinai, and...


A few days after this incident, a person named Muhammed migrated from his birthplace of Mecca to Medina. Salman was told, as he recalled it, by his last religious teacher that the prospective prophet would be driven out from his motherland (Isaiah 21:15) and he would then take refuge in land bounded by gardens of dates. He would not eat things as would be given to him as charity. Rather, he would distribute them among his companions.But he would eat them if they were presented as a gift instead of charity. Between his two shoulders, a distinctive mark of prophethood would be concealed. For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... Mecca IPA: or Makkah (in full: Makkah al-Mukarramah; Arabic: ‎, Turkish: Mekke) is the capital city of Saudi Arabias Makkah province, in the historic Hijaz region. ... Medina (Arabic: ‎ or المدينة ; also transliterated into English as Madinah) is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. ... The term date can refer to: A day according to a calendar; see calendar date. ...


Salman immediately noticed traces of the forecast prophetic characteristics within this man, who had already attracted his attention and sparked his curiosity through his humble simplicity. Later he presented some food to Muhammed and told him that it was a "gift". Muhammed accepted the gift and also asked his companions to share. For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ... For other people named Muhammad, see Muhammad (disambiguation). ...


He uncovered the prophet's right shoulder and found the mark of prophecy. Then Salman the Persian took the opportunity to present himself before Muhammad formally. He embraced Islam according to the prophet's dictations and teachings, and finally was content that he had been enlightened by the light of truth, as he believed Islam to be the 'true religion' which he was in search of since his childhood. For other uses, including people named Islam, see Islam (disambiguation). ...


Muhammad subsequently made monetary arrangements to free Salman from his due service to the Jew. (Some accounts indicate that Muhammad himself planted a set number of palms as part of this payment.) Salman the Persian became renowned as one of the prophet's most devout and loyal followers.


Salman was the one that came with the idea to dig the moat in the Battle of the Trench The moated manor house of Baddesley Clinton in Warwickshire, England Moats (also known as a Fosse) were deep and wide water-filled trenches, excavated to provide a barrier against attack upon castle ramparts or other fortifications. ... Combatants Muslims Quraysh-led Coalition Commanders Muhammad Abu Sufyan ibn Harb Strength 3,000 10,000 The Battle of Khandaq (AKA Battle of the Trench (Arabic غزوةالخندق), Battle of the Ditch, Battle of Ahzab (Arabic غزوةالاحزاب) was an attack by the city of Mecca on the city Medina in 627. ...


According to Sunnis, Salman gave allegiance to Abu Bakr along with Ali (Muhammed's cousin and son-in-law), who gave a forced allegiance after a period of six months after Muhammed's death.(Sahih Bukhari Vol.III,Chapter of Ghazawa Khaibar,pg. 37).


Salman the Persian died during the reign of the third Caliph, Uthman, at the age of 88. Caliph is the term or title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... For other uses of the name, see Uthman (disambiguation). ...


He is buried in Ctesiphon(now Mada'en), which is situated in Iraq today. This shrine was attacked on February 26, 2006 and seems to have been destroyed in the violence following the destruction of the Al Askari Mosque [1]. His grave is shown also in Lydda, Palestine/Israel, now inside the modern querter called Ramat Eshkol. Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years located in the ancient Iranian province of Khvarvaran. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Al Askari Mosque in Samarra around 1926. ...


Salmaan in Ahadith

A measure of Salmaan's spiritual and scriptual attainment can be gleaned by the following narrations. (Note that the second narration seems to indicate that he could read Hebrew.)

It has been suggested that this section be split into a new article titled Hadith of giving rights. (Discuss)

Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, Book 31, Number 189: Image File history File links Splitsection. ...

Narrated Abu Juhaifa:
The Prophet made a bond of brotherhood between Salmaan and Abu Ad-Darda'.
Salmaan paid a visit to Abu Ad-Darda' and found Umm Ad-Darda' [meaning his wife] dressed in shabby clothes and asked her why she was in that state. She replied, "Your brother Abu Ad-Darda' is not interested in (the luxuries of) this world."
In the meantime Abu Ad-Darda' came and prepared a meal for Salman. Salman requested Abu Ad-Darda' to eat (with him), but Abu Ad-Darda' said, "I am fasting." Salman said, "I am not going to eat unless you eat." So, Abu Ad-Darda' ate(with Salman). When it was night and (a part of the night passed), Abu Ad-Darda' got up (to offer the night prayer), but Salman told him to sleep and Abu Ad-Darda' slept. After sometime Abu Ad-Darda' again got up but Salman told him to sleep. When it was the last hours of the night, Salman told him to get up then, and both of them offered the prayer.
Salman told Abu Ad-Darda', "Your Lord has a right on you, your soul has a right on you, and your family has a right on you; so you should give the rights of all those who has a right on you."
Abu Ad-Darda' came to the Prophet and narrated the whole story. The Prophet (SAW) said, "Salman has spoken the truth."

Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 27, Number 3752:

Narrated Salman al-Farsi:
I read in the Torah that the blessing of food consists in ablution before it. So I mentioned it to the Prophet (SAW). He said: "The blessing of food consists in ablution before it and ablution after it".

See also the Hadith of Persians and knowledge. A famous recorded oral tradition among Muslims (Arabic: Hadith) is about comment made by the prophet Muhammad to one of his companions, Salman the Persian. ...


Shia have a very favorable view of him. He is mentioned in one hadith regarding the perfect Shia. Sufis also have a very favourable view of him; in the Oveyssi order and Naqshbandi order, Salman is the third person in the spiritual chain connecting devotees with the Prophet Mohammed. Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... Hadith (Arabic: ‎ translit: ) are traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ... Sufism (Arabic تصوف taṣawwuf) is a system of esoteric philosophy commonly associated with Islam. ... The Holy Quran, 2:148 Whoever knows the true self, knows God. ... Naqshbandi (Naqshbandiyya) is one of four major Sufi orders (tariqa) of Islam. ... Muhammad (Arabic محمد, also transliterated Mohammad, Mohammed, and formerly Mahomet, following the Latin) is revered by Muslims as the final prophet of God. ...


The Shi'a book "Abu Hurayrah" writes:

Prophet had said about: "Salman is one of us, the family of the Prophet." He also said: "If religion was on the Pleiades, Salman would get it." Aa'isha said: "Salman had a meeting with the Prophet every night that he sat with him more than we did." Ali said: "Salman al-Farisi is like the sage Luqman. He has known the knowledge of the first ages and the coming ages. He is a sea of knowledge that won't drain off." Ka'bul Ahbar said: "Salman is filled up with knowledge and wisdom." This was besides other virtues mentioned about him. People knew well that Abu Ayyoub al-Ansari lived in subsistence that nothing took him away from knowledge and worship. [2]

Trivia

  • Salman was not the name he was given at birth. His original Persian name was Rouzbeh.
  • During some of his later meetings with the other Sahaba, he was referred to as Abu Abdullah ("Father of Abdullah").
  • He translated the Qur'an into Persian, thus becoming the first person to interpret the Muslim holy scripture into a foreign language.

In Islam, the Sahāba (الصحابة) were the companions of the prophet Muhammad. ... Translations of the Qurán are versions of the book of Islam in languages other than Arabic. ...

See also

In Islam, the Sahāba (الصحابة) were the companions of the prophet Muhammad. ... The Alawites are a Middle Eastern religious group prominent in Syria. ... Sulaym Ibn Qays was one of the Companions of Ali. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Salman the Persian Information (1250 words)
Salman the Persian (Arabic سلمان الفارسي Salman Farisi, Persian Salman e Farsi) was one of the Islamic prophet Muhammad's companions.
Salman was told, as he recalled it, by his last religious teacher that the prospective prophet would be driven out from his motherland (Isaiah 21:15) and he would then take refuge in land bounded by gardens of dates.
Salman the Persian died during the reign of the third Caliph, Uthman, at the age of 88.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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