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Encyclopedia > Saline County, Illinois
Saline County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Saline County
Location in the state of Illinois
Statistics
Formed 1847
Seat Harrisburg
Largest City Harrisburg
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

387 sq mi (1,002 km²)
383 sq mi (993 km²)
4 sq mi (10 km²), 0.95%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

26,733
70/sq mi (27/km²)
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5

Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population was 26,733. Its county seat is Harrisburg, Illinois6. Saline County is home to the smallest post office and the largest Kentucky Fried Chicken in America.[citation needed] There are three major towns in Saline County connected by U.S. Route 45, and the now abandoned Cairo & Vincennes/New York Central railroad, from north to south, Eldorado, Harrisburg, and Carrier Mills. Image File history File links Map_of_Illinois_highlighting_Saline_County. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Harrisburg is a city in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... Harrisburg is a city in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region in the Americas that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC - see Abbreviation below for explanation) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ...  Areas that observe daylight saving time  Areas that once observed daylight saving time  Areas that have never observed daylight saving time A 2001 public service announcement for the upcoming turning back of the clocks Daylight saving time (DST), also known as summer time, is a conventional local time adopted by... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Harrisburg is a city in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... KFC (full name Kentucky Fried Chicken) is a division of Yum! Brands, Inc. ... U.S. Highway 45 is a north-south United States highway. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,002 km² (387 mi²). 993 km² (383 mi²) of it is land and 10 km² (4 mi²) of it (0.95%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Adjacent Counties

Hamilton County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... White County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Gallatin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Hardin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Pope County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Johnson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Williamson County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...

History

Saline County was formed from Gallatin County in 1847. It is named for the Saline River and the springs from which salt was produced in the early history of Gallatin County. The Saline River is a small river located in southeastern Illinois. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 21,685
1910 30,204 39.3%
1920 38,353 27.0%
1930 37,100 -3.3%
1940 38,066 2.6%
1950 33,420 -12.2%
1960 26,227 -21.5%
1970 25,721 -1.9%
1980 28,448 10.6%
1990 26,551 -6.7%
2000 26,733 0.7%
IL Counties 1900-1990

As of the census² of 2000, there were 26,733 people, 10,992 households, and 7,232 families residing in the county. The population density was 27/km² (70/mi²). There were 12,360 housing units at an average density of 12/km² (32/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.14% White, 4.06% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.20% Asian American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 0.97% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...


There were 10,992 households out of which 28.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.90% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.20% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.50 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $28,768, and the median income for a family was $37,295. Males had a median income of $31,131 versus $19,276 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,590. About 10.40% of families and 14.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.80% of those under age 18 and 11.60% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Employment and Public Services

Coal mining makes up the largest percentage of industrial employment in Saline County. The county is home to the Galatia Mine, which by industry standards is the largest underground coal mine in Illinois and currently employs close to 500 workers. The mining and exploration industry feeds other sources of employement such as coal and materials hauling and excavation. Construction fields and services also benefit from Saline County's mining industry.


Other employment in the county is generally made up by the medical, social and state services. Harrisburg is home to the Harrisburg Illinois Youth Center which is operated by Illinois Department of Corrections and holds male juvenile offenders.


The county is served by Southeastern Illinois College, a two-year community college located 13 miles east of Harrisburg.


Hospitals serving the county are Harrisburg Medical Center and Ferrell Hospital in Eldorado. Public health services are administered by Egyptian Health Department.


Public transportation is provided by the Rides Mass Transit District.


Cities and towns

Carrier Mills is a village in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... Eldorado is a city located in Saline County, Illinois. ... Galatia is a village located in Saline County, Illinois. ... Harrisburg is a city in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ... Muddy is a village located in Saline County, Illinois. ... Raleigh is a village located in Saline County, Illinois. ... Stonefort is a village located in Saline County, Illinois. ...

Unincorporated Towns

  • Andersonville
  • Apple Tree
  • Banklick
  • Bankston
  • Barnum
  • Battlesford
  • Beulah Heights
  • Big Muddy
  • Blackman Hill
  • Bolton
  • Brooklyn
  • Brushy
  • Cave Hill
  • College Park
  • Cookseyville
  • Cornersville
  • Cottage Grove
  • Crap Hat
  • Crawford
  • Crusoe's Island
  • Curran
  • Dallasanie
  • Delta
  • Derby
  • Dooley Station
  • Dorrisville
  • Douglas
  • Eagle
  • Eagle Mountain
  • Eagle Valley
  • East Eldorado
  • Flint Hill
  • Francis Mills
  • Garris Ridge
  • Gaskins City
  • Grayson
  • Haley's Hill
  • Halltown
  • Hamburg
  • Harco
  • Hartford
  • Hawkeye
  • Highland Park
  • Horseshoe
  • Hull
  • Independence
  • Ingram Hill
  • L'Aigle
  • Lakeview (Pond Settlement)
  • Ledford
  • Little Italy
  • Little Ridge
  • Little Saline Grove
  • Long Branch
  • Mt. Airy
  • Mountain
  • New Castle
  • New Hope
  • North Galatia
  • Old Stonefort
  • Old Town
  • Pankeyville
  • Pick
  • Prospect Hill
  • Rathbone Station
  • Rector
  • Red Bank
  • Red Bud
  • Rileyville
  • Rudement
  • Saline City
  • Somerset
  • South America
  • Tanner
  • Tate
  • Texas
  • Texas City
  • Texas Station
  • Tison
  • Wasson
  • West End
  • West Harrisburg
  • Whiteside
  • Whitesville

Carrier Mills is a village in Saline County, Illinois, United States. ...

References

  • "Tails and Trails of Illinois", Stu Fliege, University of Illinois Press,2002.
  • "http://www.iltrails.org/saline/towns_cities.html, © 2000-2001 by Debbie Woolard, Illinois Trails History and Genealogy.

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Saline County, Illinois (3096 words)
The County is served by a State College (Southeastern Illinois College) which is located 13 miles East of Harrisburg and is a two-year institution.
Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1950.
Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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