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Encyclopedia > Salinas Valley
Salinas Valley, on River Road near Marina.
Salinas Valley, on River Road near Marina.

The Salinas Valley in the Central Coast region of California lies along the Salinas River between the Gabilan Range and the Santa Lucia Range. It encompasses parts of Monterey County. Cities and populated places in the Salinas Valley include Bradley, Castroville, Chualar, Gonzales, Greenfield, Jolon, King City, Lockwood, Salinas, San Ardo, San Lucas, Soledad and Spreckels. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixels, file size: 544 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I shot the picture myself. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixels, file size: 544 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I shot the picture myself. ... Marina is a town located in Monterey County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Salinas River is a major river of the central coast of California in the United States, approximately 150 mi (240 km) long. ... The Gabilan Range or Gabilan Mountains are located on the Pacific Coast Range of Californias Central Coast. ... The Santa Lucia Mountains or Santa Lucia Range is a mountain range in coastal California, running from Monterey southeast for 170 km to San Luis Obispo. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... Bradley is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... Castroville is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... Chualar is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... Gonzales is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. ... Greenfield is a city located in Monterey County, California. ... Jolon is a small settlement in the Salinas Valley, Monterey County, California. ... King City is a city located in Monterey County, California. ... Nickname: Location of Salinas, California Country State County Monterey Government  - Mayor Dennis Donohue Area  - City 19 sq mi (49. ... San Ardo is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... San Lucas is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ... Soledad is a city in Monterey County, California, United States. ... Spreckels is a census-designated place located in Monterey County, California. ...


Agriculture dominates the economy of the valley. In particular, a large majority of the salad greens consumed in the U.S. are grown within this region.[1] Strawberries, lettuce, tomatoes, and artichokes are the dominant crops in the valley. Other crops include broccoli, cauliflower, wine grapes, celery, and spinach. Due to the intensity of local agriculture the area has earned itself the nickname, "America's Salad Bowl."


The climate is precise to grow these crops, and Salinas Valley has an extended period of time in which crops can be grown compared to more northern regions where the winter causes quite an obstacle to farmers.

Contents

Description

The "Mouth" of the Salinas Valley as seen from the Ford Ord Public Lands, near Marina, CA.
The "Mouth" of the Salinas Valley as seen from the Ford Ord Public Lands, near Marina, CA.

The Salinas Valley was the home of the Native American people today known as the Ohlone (Rumsen and Chalon), Salinan, and Esselen. The City of Salinas was founded after Mexico seceded from Spain in 1822 and began granting rancho lands. Named for a nearby salt marsh, Salinas became the seat of Monterey County in 1872 and incorporated in 1874. The Salinas Valley is the setting for several John Steinbeck stories, including East of Eden, The Chrysanthemums, and Of Mice and Men. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 109 pixelsFull resolution (4000 × 544 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 109 pixelsFull resolution (4000 × 544 pixels, file size: 2. ... Marina is a city located in Monterey County, California. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... The Rumsen (also known as the Rumsien, San Carlos or Carmel) are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone (Coastanoan) Native American people of Northern California. ... The Chalon (also known as Soledad) are one of eight Ohlone people groups of Native Americans who lived in Northern California. ... The Salinan Native Americans lived in what is now Northern California, in the Salinas Valley. ... Esselen The Esselen were the Native American inhabitants of what is now known as Big Sur on the Central Coast of California. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... For other members of the family, see Steinbeck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see East of Eden (disambiguation). ... The Chrysanthemums is a short story by John Steinbeck, written in 1938, about the happenings of one day, a rather interesting one, in the life of a thirty-five year old woman named Elisa Allen. ... Of Mice and Men is a novella by Nobel Prize winning author John Steinbeck, first published in 1937, which tells the tragic story of George Milton and Lennie Small, two displaced Anglo migrant ranch workers in California during the Great Depression. ...


Today the Salinas Valley is known as "The Salad Bowl of the World" for the production of lettuce, broccoli, mushrooms and strawberries, along with numerous other crops. The climate is also ideal for the floral industry and grape vineyards planted by world-famous vintners.


Although agriculture forms an economic base, more than 100 manufacturing firms call Salinas home. Some of the largest employers in the area include: Dole Fresh Vegetable, the County of Monterey, Household Credit Services and Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital.


The California Rodeo, California International Airshow, and the Steinbeck Festival are major attractions. Visitors can also explore the nearby Monterey Peninsula: the historic missions of San Juan Bautista, Soledad, Carmel and San Antonio de Padua, the world class wineries of South Monterey County and the beauty of nearby beaches and Pinnacles National Monument. Mission San Juan Bautista was founded on June 24, 1797. ... Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad was founded on October 9, 1791 to minister and take in the Indians of the Salinas Valley. ... Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo was first established on June 3, 1770 in Monterey, California (near the native village of Tamo) and was named for Charles Borromeo, Archbishop of Milan, Italy. ... Mission San Antonio de Padua was founded on July 14, 1771, the third mission founded in California by Father Junipero Serra. ... Pinnacles National Monument is protected mountainous area located east of central Californias Salinas Valley. ...


Geography

The Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges border the Salinas Valley to the east and west, respectively. Both mountain ranges and the Salinas Valley run approximately 90 miles (145 km) south-east from Salinas towards King City. The valley lends its name to the geologic province in which it is located, the Salinian Block. The Gabilan Range or Gabilan Mountains are located on the Pacific Coast Range of Californias Central Coast trending in a northwest-southeast direction along the Monterey County and San Benito County line. ... The Santa Lucia Mountains or Santa Lucia Range is a mountain range in coastal California, running from Monterey southeast for 170 km to San Luis Obispo. ... Nickname: Location of Salinas, California Country State County Monterey Government  - Mayor Dennis Donohue Area  - City 19 sq mi (49. ... King City is a city located in Monterey County, California. ... The Salinian Block is a geologic province of continental crustal material which lies west of the main trace of the San Andreas Fault system in California and west of the East Pacific Rise in the Gulf of California, including the entire Baja California Peninsula. ...


Climate

Salinas’ weather is influenced by near proximity to Monterey Bay. The morning fog is generally cleared by afternoon breezes. The average temperature is 68.2 degrees, with summer temperatures in the 70’s, dipping at night into the 50’s. Winter temperatures are generally in the low 60’s, dropping at night into the middle 30’s. Average rainfall is 14.4 inches, usually occurring in winter and early spring. A view of Monterey Bay Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ...


Population

Salinas Valley Population
Year 1990 2000
Salinas 108,777 143,920
County of Monterey 355,660 401,762

Housing

Salinas is a community of neighborhoods with a wide variety of housing options: Victorians and the historic Spanish influence, modest cottages and modern townhouses, and "rancheros" nestled in the oak-dotted countryside, or newer developments of tract homes and condominiums. Salinas offers approximately 39,175 housing units of which 20,881 are detached single family residences, 2,863 are attached single family residences, 3,341 two to four unit multifamily complexes, 10,833 apartment units and 1,257 mobile homes. The residential vacancy rate is approximately 3½% at any time during the year.

  • Rental – The median rent for five bedroom, one bath apartment was $756 per month as of July 2000.
  • Purchase – The median home price was $268,000 as of October 2000.
  • Percentage of home ownership – 43%
  • Median Income - $55,600 for a family of four[2]
  • Families living below poverty level – 12.8%[3]
  • Racial/Ethnic Population Breakdown and Population by Age:[4]
    • Ethnic Population - Any Race
    • Hispanic 64.1%
    • Non-Hispanic 35.9%
  • Racial Population[5]
    • White 45.2%
    • Other 38.7%
    • Multi-race 5.0%
    • Asian 6.2%
    • Black or African American 3.3%
    • American Indian and Alaska Native 1.3%
    • Pacific Islander 0.3%
    • Two or more races 5.1%
  • Population by Age Group[6]
    • Below 15 years 27%
    • 15-19 8%
    • 20-44 42%
    • 45-64 15%
    • Over 65 7%
  • Work Force Distribution by Industry[7]
    • Manufacturing 9.5%
    • Trade (retail and wholesale) 21.5%
    • Agriculture 18.0%
    • Service and Government 51.0%

Tax Rates

Sales Tax - The State of California retail sales tax levy in Monterey County is levied at the rate of 7.25% of which 1% is returned to the City of Salinas for general governmental purposes and ½% is returned to the County of Monterey for public safety activities.


Property Tax - The minimum property tax rate is one percent of assessed valuation. The bonded indebtedness of schools and other taxing agencies may be added to the base tax rate depending on the location of specific parcels of property.


Health Care

Salinas has extensive health and medical services with two of the County’s four hospitals located within the City – Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital and Natividad Medical Center; as well as nursing and convalescent homes and residential retirement facilities for seniors, and over two-hundred practicing physicians.


Transportation

Salinas is located fifteen miles inland from Monterey Bay, 325 miles north of Los Angeles and 106 miles south of San Francisco.


Highways – The major north-south freeway, US 101 bisects Salinas. State highways 68 and 183 connect with scenic Highway 1 accessing the Monterey Peninsula and surrounding cities.


Bus – Monterey-Salinas Transit (MST) operates local bus service, Monterey-Salinas AirBus offers connections to San Jose and San Francisco airports and Greyhound offers service to all major cities.


Air – Salinas Municipal Airport has a lighted 6,000-foot runway. Commercial airlines serve nearby Monterey Peninsula Airport.


Rail – Union Pacific’s main line with daily Amtrak service runs through Salinas with a stop at the new Intermodal Transportation Center.


Education

Salinas is served by three elementary school districts; a unified high school district and several private schools at both the primary and secondary level. Hartnell College, a State Community College, offers two-year degrees and occupational certificate programs. California State University at Monterey Bay is located less than 15 miles away on the former Ft. Ord. Graduate studies through Chapman College, Golden Gate University and the Monterey Institute of International Studies are available nearby. Also in the area are Moss Landing Marine Laboratory, Monterey College of Law and Stanford University’s Hopkins Marine Station. The California State University (CSU) is one of three public higher education systems in the state of California, the other two being the University of California system and the California Community College System. ... Fort Ord Fort Ord was a U.S. Army post on Monterey Bay in California. ...


In the news

2007 United States Salmonella outbreak

On August 30, 2007, 8,000 cartons of spinach (from Metz Fresh, a King City-based grower and shipper, Salinas Valley, California) were recalled after salmonella was discovered upon routine test. Consumer advocates and some lawmakers complained it exposed big gaps in food safety, even if 90% of suspect vegetable didn’t reach the shelves.[8] Binomial name Spinacia oleracea L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... King City may refer to: King City, California, USA King City, Missouri, USA King City, Oregon, USA This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Species S. enterica This article is about the bacteria. ...


References

  1. ^ Salinas Chamber.com, The Salinas Partnership Los Angeles Times
  2. ^ US Dept of HUD 2003 statistics
  3. ^ US Census Bureau 2000 Statistics
  4. ^ :US Census Bureau 2000 Statistics
  5. ^ US Census Bureau 2000 Statistics
  6. ^ US Census Bureau 2000 Statistics
  7. ^ US Census Bureau 1997 Statistics
  8. ^ MSNBC, Spinach recall divides growers, lawmakers

  Results from FactBites:
 
Salinas Valley Memorial Healthcare System: About Us (288 words)
Salinas Valley Memorial Hospital is a Public District Hospital which is part of the Salinas Valley Memorial Healthcare System.
Salinas Valley Memorial employs more than 2,130 people and the Medical Staff includes 230 board-certified physicians across a range of specialties.
In addition to sophisticated diagnostic and treatment capabilities, Salinas Valley Memorial offers a full range of outreach programs including community lectures, health screenings, prevention education and support groups.
Welcome to the City of Salinas, California (1206 words)
Salinas offers approximately 39,175 housing units of which 20,881 are detached single family residences, 2,863 are attached single family residences, 3,341 two to four unit multifamily complexes, 10,833 apartment units and 1,257 mobile homes.
Salinas is served by three elementary school districts; a unified high school district and several private schools at both the primary and secondary level.
Salinas is served by the Monterey County Regional Water Pollution Control Agency (831-422-1001), which operates the regional treatment plant in Marina.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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