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Encyclopedia > Salinas, California
City of Salinas, California

Seal
Nickname: America's Salad Bowl
Location of Salinas, California
Location of Salinas, California
Country United States
State California
County Monterey
Government
 - Mayor Dennis Donohue
Area
 - City 19 sq mi (49.2 km²)
 - Land 19 sq mi (49.2 km²)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Population (2006)
 - City 148,350
 - Density 7,946.3/sq mi (3,068.1/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Website: http://www.ci.salinas.ca.us/

Salinas is the county seat and largest municipality of Monterey County in the U.S. state of California. The most current estimate from the California Department of Finance, places the 2006 population at 148,350,[1] showing a slight decrease since 2000 which is largely attributed to the city's high cost of living. The largely suburban city is located at the mouth of the Salinas Valley roughly eight miles from the Pacific Ocean and enjoys a mild climate. Salinas is known for being an agricultural center as well as being the hometown of famed writer and Nobel prize laureate John Steinbeck. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1181 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself. ... Image File history File links Salinas_City_Seal. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states, which are... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of the... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Salinas Valley in the Central Coast region of California lies along the Salinas River between the Gabilan Mountains and the Santa Lucia Range. ... John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ...

Contents

History

Salinas began around 1840 as the Halfway House, a stagecoach stop between Monterey and San Juan Bautista. In 1864, a post office was established, Salinas City was laid out, and the city was incorporated ten years later. For other uses, see Monterey (disambiguation). ... San Juan Bautista is a city located in San Benito County, California. ...


Salinas' economy is largely based upon agriculture. Located in one of California's richest farming regions, the area produces a variety of fruits and vegetables, including lettuce, strawberries, watermelons, broccoli, carrots, cabbages, and spinach.Therefore many major vegetable producers are headquartered in Salinas. The historic prevalence of row crop is documented by aerial photographic interpretation of Earth Metrics,[2] which study also indicated a major conversion of cropland to urban uses over the time period 1956 to 1968,[3][4] with that trend continuing for the next decades as well. Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Species 20+ species; see text The strawberry (Fragaria) is a genus of plants in the family Rosaceae and the fruit of these plants. ... For the political designation, see Eco-socialism. ... Broccoli is a plant of the Cabbage family, Brassicaceae (formerly Cruciferae). ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Spinacia oleracea L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... A crop is any plant that is grown in significant quantities to be harvested as food, livestock fodder, or for another economic purpose. ... Aerial photography is the taking of photographs from above with a camera mounted on an aircraft, balloon, rocket, kite or similar vehicle. ... Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Salinas was also the birthplace of writer and Nobel Prize laureate John Steinbeck. The recently revitalized historic downtown, featuring much fine Victorian architecture, is home to the National Steinbeck Center by Kasavan Architects, Executive Architect, the Steinbeck House (open weekdays) and the John Steinbeck Library. The city is currently meeting with a group of local businesspeople who have received preliminary approval for a plan to build a mixed-use development on the site of the old Cominos Hotel which was torn down in the early 1990s due to earthquake damage. The plan calls for a high-rise hotel, conference facilities, retail and condominiums. Plans to restore the old Chinatown (featured in John Steinbeck's novel East of Eden), just north of downtown, began in March 2007 with a vision of mixed uses emphasizing walkable neighborhoods, affordable and workforce housing, social services, retail and public green spaces. The place of birth is the place where a person was born. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... History is often used as a generic term for information about the past, such as in geologic history of the Earth. When used as the name of a field of study, history refers to the study and interpretation of the record of human societies. ... This article is about building architecture. ... The John Steinbeck Library is located in the center of Salinas, California. ... An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see East of Eden (disambiguation). ...


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 49.2 km² (19.0 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The city lies approximately 18 meters (59 feet) above sea level and is located roughly eight miles from the Pacific Ocean coast, at the mouth of the Salinas Valley. The Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges border the Salinas Valley to the east and west, respectively. Both mountain ranges and the Salinas Valley run approximately 90 miles (145 km) south-east from Salinas towards King City. metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre is the basic unit of length in the International System of Units. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Gabilan Range or Gabilan Mountains are located on the Pacific Coast Range of Californias Central Coast trending in a northwest-southeast direction along the Monterey County and San Benito County line. ... The Santa Lucia Mountains or Santa Lucia Range is a mountain range in coastal California, running from Monterey southeast for 170 km to San Luis Obispo. ... King City is a city located in Monterey County, California. ...


Conveyor belt weather

On 10 March 2006, a record breaking storm covered many of the nearby mountain tops in a white blanket of snow.

Salinas enjoys cool and moderate temperatures due to the "natural air conditioner" that conveys ocean air and fog in from the Monterey Bay to Salinas while towns to the north and south of Salinas experience hotter summers as mountains block the ocean air. Thus Salinas weather is closer to that of the Central Coast of California rather than that of inland valleys and thus enjoys a mild Mediterranean climate with typical daily highs ranging from the low 50s (°F) in the winter to the low 70s (°F) in the summer. The difference between ocean and air temperature also tends to create heavy morning fog during the summer months (known as the marine layer) driven by an onshore wind created by the local high pressure sunny portions of the Salinas Valley which extend north and south from Salinas and the Bay. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1134x546, 512 KB) Summary I shot the Picture myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1134x546, 512 KB) Summary I shot the Picture myself. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... A view of Monterey Bay Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... The Central Coast is an area of California, United States, extending from Santa Cruz in the north to Santa Barbara in the south, but centering primarily on Monterey and San Luis Obispo counties. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A marine layer is a cool, moist, foggy layer of air that can be several hundred feet to as much as two thousand feet thick associated with offshore weather patterns. ...


The average annual rainfall for the city is approximately 242.3 mm (9.5 in). On rare occasions there is snowfall on the peaks of the Gabilan and Santa Lucia mountain ranges. A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ...


Demographics

Map of income distribution in Salinas.[5]
New homes in the city's northern Harden Ranch neighborhood.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 151,060 people, 38,298 households, and 30,025 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,068.1/km² (7,948.4/mi²). There were 39,659 housing units at an average density of 805.5/km² (2,086.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.10% Hispanic, 45.16% White, 5.90% Asian American, 3.27% African American, 1.26% Native American out of which 49.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 17.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.66 and the average family size was 4.07. Image File history File linksMetadata Salinas_Income_copy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Salinas_Income_copy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 530 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 530 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Hispanic flag, not widely used. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... An Asian American is a person of Asian ancestry or origin who was born in or is an immigrant to the United States. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 19 or younger, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 15.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 113.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.4 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $43,728, and the median income for a family was $44,669. Males had a median income of $35,641 versus $27,013 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,495. About 12.8% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Median household income in the city tended to be significantly higher alonside the city limits, especially in the northern Harden Ranch and Creekbridge neighborhoods. East Salinas and the downtown area suffered from a very low median households income as well as high crime rates. South and North Salinas featured roughly the same level of median households income with the latter being home to city's wealthiest newly constructed neighborhoods.[5]


Airport

Salinas Municipal Airport is located on the southeastern boundary of the City of Salinas, three miles from city center. It is a general aviation facility occupying 763 acres (3.1 km²), with three runways serving single and twin engine aircraft and helicopters, as well as an increasing number of turbopropeller and turbine-powered business jets. The airport has an air traffic control tower in operation twelve hours/day, 7 days/week. The Airport Terminal is located on Mortensen Avenue and houses Airport Office staff as well as professional offices. The City is currently accepting proposals for leasing and operation of the restaurant located within the Terminal. Salinas Airport Commissioners gave the nod to a proposed project that would bring a 100-room hotel, offices and hangars to a vacant lot in front of the Salinas Municipal Airport terminal. The Salinas Jet Center would include a national chain hotel, 80,000 square feet (7,000 m²) of office space, four large complexes combining more offices with airplane hangars and a 24-hour, full-service plane-fueling station. The project would also include a taxiway to allow planes to come and go from the new hangars. Salinas Municipal Airport (IATA: SNS, ICAO: KSNS) is a public airport located in Salinas, California. ...


The airport has full Instrument Landing System (ILS) and VHF omnidirectional range (VOR) located on the airport. The ILS has a Medium Intensity Approach Lighting System, with Runway Alignment Indicator Lights. The VOR approach has Runway End Identifier Lights. All but the ILS runway, RWY 31, have Visual Approach Slope Indicators (VASIs). The Localizer station at Hanover/Langenhagen International Airport in Hanover, Germany. ... D-VOR (Doppler VOR) ground station, co-located with DME. VOR, short for VHF Omni-directional Radio Range, is a type of radio navigation system for aircraft. ...


Airport operational statistics

Aircraft based on the field: 224; Single engine airplanes: 160; Multi engine airplanes: 49; Jet airplanes: 1; Helicopters: 14; Aircraft operations: avg 237/day; Transient general aviation 57%; Local general aviation 40%; Air taxi 5%; Military less than 1%


California International Airshow

Salinas Airport is the location of the annual California International Airshow (http://www.salinasairshow.com/) The airshow often features top-tier aerobatic teams such as the Canadian Forces Snowbirds, U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds and the U.S. Navy Blue Angels, with the proceeds going to local charities. The UK Utterly Butterly wing-walking display team flying Boeing Stearman PT-17 biplanes An airshow is an event at which aviators display their flying skills and the capabilities of their flying machines to the crowd. ... Soon after aircraft were invented, pilots realised that they could be used as part of a flying circus to entertain people or impress others in what was termed aerobatics. ... Officially known as the Canadian Forces 431 Air Demonstration Squadron, the Snowbirds are Canadas military aerobatics or airshow flight demonstration team. ... The Thunderbirds are the Air Demonstration Squadron of the United States Air Force. ... The United States Navys Blue Angels (or Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron), formed in 1946, is the worlds first officially sanctioned military aerial demonstration team. ...


California Rodeo Salinas

Salinas is a major stop on the professional rodeo circuit. The Salinas rodeo http://www.carodeo.com/index.php (pronounced the Spanish way "roDAYo") began in 1911 as a Wild West Show on the site of the old race track ground, now the Salinas Sports Complex. Every third week of July is Big Week, when cowboys and fans come for the traditional rodeo competitions, including bullriding. Rodeo-related events held in Salinas and Monterey include cowboy poetry, winetasting, a carnival, barbecues and a gala cowboy ball. The Salinas Sports Complex is a sporting complex located in Salinas, California on the Central Coast. ...


Rail transportation

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, serves Salinas, operating its Coast Starlight daily in each direction between Seattle, Washington and Los Angeles. Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... The Coast Starlight at San Luis Obispo, California. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... A view of Union Station familiar to many of downtown Los Angeles visitors. ...


Economy

An average 1,800 sq ft (170 m²) home in the city's desirable north-western district valued at roughly $700k

Salinas is known as the Salad Bowl of America or Salad Bowl of the World. Over 80% of the lettuce grown in the United States is grown in the Salinas Valley. The city's labor force is almost evenly divided between blue collar, 54.6%, and white collar, 45.4%. According to the 2000 US Census, 24% of the population worked in sales and office occupations, 21.4% worked in management, professional, and related occupations, 16.2% worked in service occupations, 14.9% worked in farming, fishing, and forestry occupations, 14.4% worked in production, transportation, and material moving occupations, and 9.1% worked in construction, extraction, and maintenance occupations. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x766, 751 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself then edited it using my own Photoshop software. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x766, 751 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself then edited it using my own Photoshop software. ... Binomial name L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...


Housing prices

While the median household income in Salinas remains near the national median at $50,165 ,[6] the median home price in the city has risen to $560,600[7]. The large discrepancy between household income levels and the median home price is largely due to the recent surge in house prices, that affected coastal California in an especially strong manner. Between 2004 and 2005 alone home prices within the city rose by 23.3%.[8] The city has seen double digit growth in its median home prices each consecutive year since 2000, which becomes apparent when comparing 2005 home prices to those from the year 2000. During the 2000 US Census, the median asking price for a home was $229,000.[9]. Since then home prices have risen by $326,000 or 142% to being in excess of a half-million dollars. Household income, however, only rose a relatively modest 16.27%.[10] Today Salinas has a far higher median home price than considerably more affluent communities such Bellevue, Washington with a median home price of $405,000 and a median household income of $88,432, more than double that of Salinas.[11] While the city's median household income remains a mere 8.6% above the national median of $46,000, the median home price has risen to 232.68% above the national median of $167,500.[7] For information on the income of individuals please see Personal income in the United States This graphic shows the distribution of gross annual household income. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The percentage of households and individuals over the age of 25 with incomes exceeding $100,000 in the US.[1][2] Affluence in the United States refers to an individuals or households state of being in an economically favorable position in contrast to a given reference group. ... Location of Bellevue within King County, Washington, and King County within Washington. ... The median household income is commonly used to provide data about geographic areas and divides households into two equal segments with the first half of households earning less than the median household income and the other half earning more. ...


City funding

Ranch style home in North Salinas

During the first half of this decade, the Salinas city government struggled to deal with funding shortages. A downturn in the state economy, combined with an unusually low per-capita tax base, forced the city to curtail certain services. During the crisis, Salinas almost became the first city in the United States to close its libraries. However, an outpouring of private donations provided an ample stop-gap measure, keeping the libraries open with reduced hours. Donations were raised through Rally Salinas!, a grassroots fundraising organization launched by the city's mayor, to keep the libraries open through 2005. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 586 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 586 KB) Summary I shot the picture myself. ... Rally Salinas! The Rally Salinas! campaign was a successful grass-roots campaign to raise funds to prevent the libraries in the town of Salinas in California from closure. ...


In November 2005, voters approved a tax measure to fund several vital services in the city, including libraries, by a 61 percent vote. The measure, known locally as Measure V, will provide some $11 million in funding to take effect in the 2007 fiscal year. The measure will allow the city to start restoring more than $15 million in service cuts including the closure of three recreation centers and the elimination of graffiti abatement and crossing guard money for schools. An independent oversight committee was appointed by the City Council to oversee the money raised by the tax increase, which will be in place for the next 10 years. In April 2006, the committee recommended dedicating 70% of revenues to restoring library and police services. For other uses, see Library (disambiguation). ...


In 2006, the city's financial situation was considerably improved, as Salinas officials announced a budget surplus. In July 2007, library restoration had progressed enough to increase open hours to 117 (across the three branches), which was the number before the budget cuts but only 68% of the system's peak of 171. In late July, the city announced the hiring of a new library director who declared a long-term goal of opening the system 7 days a week. Various community groups, including Friends of the Salinas Public Library and the Salinas Library Commission, are championing the effort for reinvention of the library system to improve and expand services.


Gallery

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1278x548, 844 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1184x634, 936 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (946x410, 460 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1170x666, 865 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Office Upper middle class American middle class Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 1293 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1066x800, 1043 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 1459 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 586 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 528 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salinas, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to...

Crime

The homicide rate since 1985 for Salinas, Sacramento and the US total.
The homicide rate since 1985 for Salinas, Sacramento and the US total.

One of the city's most serious problems is violent crime-gangs. While the city's current violent crime rate is above the national average, historic trends suggest improvement. The number of aggravated assaults fell from 844 in 1993 to 661 in 1998. In 2004, there were 11.4 murders per 100,000 residents, more than twice the national average of 5.5. In 2005, however, the city's homicide rate decreased dramatically to a record low of 4.96 homicides per 100,000 persons, approximately 15% below national average where it remained for 2006.[12] Overall the rate of homicides per 100,000 persons is currently at its lowest level since the late 1980s, having returned from its record high levels in mid and late 1990s.[13][14] Image File history File linksMetadata Salinas_Crime. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Salinas_Crime. ... This graph shows a sharp drop-off in violent crime since 1993. ... Aggravated assault is a form of violent crime. ... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ...

Type of Data 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2006
Salinas Homicide rate 11.1 7.0 6.7 6.3 12.9 12.5 14.6 9.7 9.7 12.6 4.9 4.7
National homicide rate 8.0 8.3 8.7 9.8 9.5 8.2 6.8 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.6 N/A

SOURCE: US Departement of Justice Statistics, Bureau of Justice Statistics, 2005


Gangs

Gang activity is responsible for a substantial portion of the violent crime in Salinas. The majority of street gang territory in Salinas comes under the Norteño and Sureño gangs, located mostly in the Eastside. In 1998, local police estimated that 17% of all violent crimes -- and 71% of the city's homicides -- were gang related. Partners for Peace, a local gang prevention and youth welfare group, cites the low educational attainment, low household income (considering the median house price), and high population density caused by a lack of affordable housing as aggravating factors. The County of Monterey launched a task force early this year in an effort to fight the problem of gangs. The Monterey County Joint Gang Task Force is composed of personnel from the Monterey County Sheriff's Office, Probation Department, District Attorney's Office and the Salinas Police Department. The Sheriff's Office and the Salinas Police Department have ordered seven cars that will allow task force members to use their own equipment. The cars will feature radio and computer systems that can communicate across both Sheriff's Office and police frequencies. To increase their visibility to gang members, the cars are painted black with the words "Gang Task Force" written in silver across the sides, making them distinct from the black-and-white cars used by regular patrol officers. The mayor of Salinas announced (March 2007) the appointment of a Community Safety Director, a new position created to coordinate multiple government agencies and nonprofit organizations involved with crime prevention and suppression. A gang is a group of individuals who share a common identity and, in current usage, engage in illegal activities. ... Norteño (Spanish: northern) has several meanings in English usage: A member of one of several affiliated street gangs of Mexican origin that operate in the United States. ... The Sureños (Spanish: southerners), or Sur for short, are a Hispanic street gang with origins in Southern California, connected with the Mexican Mafia prison organization. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ...


At the present time, the only gang prevention, intervention and counseling program that is working directly with at-risk youth is Second Chance Family & Youth Services located at 745 N. Sanborn Road, Salinas CA 93905. Brian K. Contreras founded the agency in 1980 and is a recipient of the California Wellness Foundation of the 2001 California Peace Prize. Second Chance provides a number of programs and services to residents throughout the County of Monterey and the city of Salinas including youth counseling, group counseling, tattoo removal (gang or drug related), community presentations, training for parents, teachers, educators, administrators, law enforcement and social service providers, neighborhood clean-up and graffiti removal are among a few.


Schools

Salinas has seven school districts serving the city core and adjacent unincorporated areas. The largest school district in Salinas is the Salinas Union High School District (grades 7-12) with 13,578 students enrolled in 10 campuses.[1] The Salinas City Elementary School District is the largest elementary school district in Salinas. Salinas City Elementary has 12 schools and 7,954 students. [2].


School closures / openings

In April 2005, in a last ditch effort to keep the district solvent, the Salinas City Elementary School District voted to close two elementary schools, Boronda School and Lincoln School. Closing Roosevelt School (K-6) was considered but the school was saved by its historical ties to John Steinbeck, who attended it as a child. John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ...


The newest school in Salinas is Boronda Meadows Elementary, built in 2005. Boronda Meadows was to have been a magnet school. This magnet school was to be divided into two campuses, one for technology and the other for fine arts. With the closing of Boronda and Lincoln schools, the magnet school idea was dropped in favor of a traditional school setting. Boronda Meadows is, however, perhaps the most technologically advanced elementary school in Salinas. Some of the advances include wi-fi access available campus wide, integrated digital projectors in each room, a television studio, mobile computer accounts for students, VOIP, and mobile computer labs. As a reminder of the two campus idea, Boronda Meadows currently has two gyms, two outdoor amphitheaters, two indoor stages, two cafeterias, two separate bussing lanes and two playgrounds. Official Wi-Fi logo Wi-Fi is a wireless technology brand owned by the Wi-Fi Alliance intended to improve the interoperability of wireless local area network products based on the IEEE 802. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ... Modern indoor gymnasium with pull-down basketball hoops. ... The Colosseum in Rome, Italy. ... One of a number of cafeterias at Electronic City campus, Infosys Technologies Ltd. ...


Higher education

Opportunities for higher education include Hartnell Community College and California State University Monterey Bay, in nearby Seaside, CA. California State University, Monterey Bay, in the California State University system, is located in the city of Seaside, California, on the Monterey Peninsula. ... Seaside is a town in Monterey County, California, with a total population of 31,696 as of the 2000 census. ...


School districts in Salinas

Elementary School Districts High School Districts Higher Education
Salinas City Elementary School District Salinas Union Hartnell College
Santa Rita Union CSU Monterey Bay
Graves Elementary
Washington Union
Lagunita
Alisal Union

// Salinas City Elementary is an elementary school district located in Salinas, California. ... California State University, Monterey Bay, in the California State University system, is located in the city of Seaside, California, on the Monterey Peninsula. ...

Notable residents

The Steinbeck house in downtown Salinas.
  • John Steinbeck (1902-1968), one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century, winner of a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1962 and a Pulitzer Prize in 1940, was born and raised in Salinas. "I remember Salinas, the town of my birth, when it proudly announced it had reached four-thousand citizens.. even those people who joy in numbers and are impressed with bigness are beginning to worry, gradually becoming aware that there must be a saturation point and the progress may be a progression toward strangulation. And no solution has been found." – Travels with Charley (1961)
  • Anthony Toney, former Philadelphia Eagles running back and North Salinas graduate.
  • Xavier Nady, an American baseball player for the Pittsburgh Pirates. He also played with the New York Mets and the San Diego Padres. (While not a current resident of Salinas, Nady was raised in Salinas.)
  • Say No More, a rock band which consists of Peter Pedrazzi, Tim Spier, Jon Rasmussen and Peter Holbert. All members were graduates of Salinas High school, and are currently signed to famed indie label Drive Thru Records.
  • Joseph Hennawi, an American astrophysicist at UC Berkeley, was born and raised in Salinas.
  • Twin brothers, Alvin and Calvin Harrison reside in Salinas. They are athletes who won gold medals in the US 4x400 m relay squad at the Olympic Games in 2000. The team was retroactively disqualified when Alvin and Calvin Harrison were found guilty of doping. They were both later barred from competitive racing for 4 years after testing positive for a banned substance.
  • Harold Gordon A notable author, who spent time in Nazi concentration camps and wrote about his experiences.
  • "Slim" Keith, (born Nancy Gross), Hollywood and New York socialite, formerly married to producer Leland Hayward and director Howard Hawks, dubbed the original "California Girl", was born in Salinas.
  • Craig Kilborn A former sportscaster at KCBA-TV Channel 35 in Salinas who went on to host 'The Late, Late Show with Craig Kilborn' (CBS network 1999), resided there.
  • Jesse G. Sanchez, Esq. A prominent local Latino civil rights advocate who died from cancer in 1995. Jesse G. Sanchez was an attorney who graduated valedictorian from UC Davis School of Law and founder of LULAC Council #2055.
  • Monica Abbott, softball pitcher for the University of Tennessee and the U.S. National softball team, the NCAA career leader in strikeouts, was born and raised in Salinas and attended North Salinas High School.
  • Kassim Osgood is a National Football League wide receiver for the San Diego Chargers who graduated from North Salinas High School.

Image File history File links SteinbeckHouse. ... Image File history File links SteinbeckHouse. ... John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Categories: Literature stubs | 1962 books | Books starting with T | Novels | John Steinbeck ... Anthony Toney (born September 23, 1962 in Salinas, California) is a former professional American football player who played running back for five seasons for the Philadelphia Eagles. ... Ernie Irvan (born January 13, 1959 in Salinas, California) is a former race car driver in NASCAR. Wife: Kim Baker Irvan Married: November 21, 1992 Children: Jordan (August 12, 1993), Jared (February 9, 1998) Parents: Vic & Jo Irvan Career highlights 15 career NASCAR Winston Cup victories 22 career NASCAR Winston... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Kapp on Sports Illustrated Cover Joseph Robert Kapp was an American football quarterback. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Ragnar League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division (1967-1969... Xavier Nady Xavier Clifford Nady (born November 14, 1978 in Carmel, California) is a Major League Baseball outfielder with the New York Mets. ... Van Partible is the creator of the Cartoon Network Animated series Johnny Bravo. ... Johnny Bravo is an American animated television series created by Van Partible. ... Les Dudeks second album. ... Alvin Harrison was a 1996 and 2000 Olympic Gold medalist in the Mens 4x400 meter relay for the United States. ... Calvin Harrison was a 2000 Olympic Gold medalist in the Mens 4x400 meter relay for the United States. ... At the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, 46 events in athletics were contested, 24 for men and 22 for women. ... Roderick Del Rodgers (born June 22, 1960, in Tacoma, Washington), was a former American professional football player who was drafted by the Green Bay Packers in the 3rd round of the 1982 NFL Draft. ... NFL redirects here. ... Slim Keith (1916–1990) was a New York socialite. ... Leland Hayward (September 13, 1902 - March 18, 1971) was a popular, powerful and wealthy Hollywood and Broadway agent and theatrical producer. ... Howard Hawks (May 30, 1896 – December 26, 1977) was an American film director, producer and writer of the classic Hollywood era. ... Craig Kilborn (born August 24, 1962) (Death September 19, 2004 is an American comedian and former talk show host. ... Heather Rene Smith (Born January 8, 1987 in Salinas, California) is an American model. ... Monica Cecilia Abbott (born July 28, 1985) is an American athlete who was born in Salinas, California and attended North Salinas High School from 2000 to 2004; her parents are Bruce and Julie Abbott, and her siblings are Jessica (born 1984), Jared (born 1988) and twins Bina and Gina (born... The University of Tennessee (UT), sometimes called the University of Tennessee at Knoxville (UT Knoxville or UTK), is the flagship institution of the statewide land-grant University of Tennessee public university system in the American state of Tennessee. ... The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... Kassim Osgood (born May 20, 1980) is a National Football League wide receiver and top special teams player for the San Diego Chargers out of San Diego State. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Vanessa Anne Hudgens. ...

Media

The Monterey/Salinas metro area is served by a limited variety of local television stations, and is the 125th largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S. with 218,080 homes (0.198% of the U.S.). Those stations are:


Channel 8: KSBW - (NBC) - Salinas KSBW is a television station in the United States and is the NBC affiliate for the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz, CA market, with studios in Salinas. ... The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American television network headquartered in the GE Building in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ...


Channel 15/22: K15CU/KMUV - (Telemundo) - Monterey/Salinas/Santa Cruz (Simulcast of KSTS 48). KSMS-TV is a Spanish-language television station in Monterey, California, broadcasting locally on channel 67 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... For the airport with the same ICAO airport code, see Charles M. Schulz - Sonoma County Airport. ...


Channel 25: KCAH - (PBS) - Watsonville (Simulcast of San Jose's KTEH) KTEH is a public television station in San Jose, California, serving the San Francisco Bay Area as a PBS member station on channel 54. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... KTEH is a public television station in San Jose, California, serving the San Francisco Bay Area as a PBS member station on channel 54. ...


Channel 33: KDJT - (Telefutura) - Monterey TeleFutura is a U.S. Spanish-language broadcast television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami, Florida. ...


Channel 35: KCBA - (Fox) - Salinas KCBA is a FOX affiliate for the Salinas/Monterey/Santa Cruz, CA Market. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


Channel 43: KMCE - (Azteca America) - Monterey/Salinas KMCE-LP is an Azteca América affiliate serving the vicinity of Monterey, Salinas, and Santa Cruz, California. ... TV Azteca is a Mexican television network. ...


Channel 46: KION - (CBS) - Monterey To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... CBS Broadcasting, Inc. ...


Channel 67: KSMS - (Univision) - Monterey KSMS-TV is a Spanish-language television station in Monterey, California, broadcasting locally on channel 67 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States. ...


The Monterey/Salinas area has been lacking an ABC (American Broadcasting Company) affiliate since 2000, when KNTV was purchased, and subsequently became the NBC station for the San Francisco/Oakland/San Jose metropolitan area. KNTV, now known as NBC11, later moved its transmission tower from Loma Prieta Peak (located between San Jose and Santa Cruz) to San Bruno Mountain, north of San Francisco International Airport, therefore ceasing its signal coverage in Monterey and Salinas. A microwave relay feed of KGO-7, the ABC affiliate out of San Francisco, is available through the local cable provider (Comcast). The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... KNTV, channel 11, is the NBC Universal owned-and-operated television station in the San Francisco Bay Area market. ... KNTV, (NBC11) is the NBC owned-and-operated television station in the San Francisco Bay Area market. ... The Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on October 17, 1989 in the greater San Francisco Bay Area in California at 5:04 pm local time and measured 7. ... San Bruno Mountain lies south of San Francisco, CA in San Mateo County. ... FAA diagram of SFO “SFO” redirects here. ... Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with wavelengths longer than those of terahertz (THz) frequencies, but relatively short for radio waves. ... KGO-TV (ABC7) is an owned-and-operated television station of The Walt Disney Company-owned ABC, based in San Francisco, California. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Comcast Corporation, (NASDAQ: CMCSA) based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the largest cable company[1] and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ...


References

  1. ^ California Department of Finance, 2006 population estimate. Retrieved on 2007-01-05.
  2. ^ Earth Metrics Inc., Aerial photographic interpretation for Salinas, California and Environmental Assessment for Canada Mobile Estates, Salinas, California, January 1990
  3. ^ U.S.G.S. Map May 14,1956 ABG-6R-5, #75 1:20,000
  4. ^ U.S.G.S. Map June 13,1968 GS-VBZK-2-224, #214 1:30,000
  5. ^ a b US Census Bureau, Income Map. Retrieved on 2006-11-2.
  6. ^ US Census Bureau, Salinas median household income. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  7. ^ a b US Census Bureau, US Census Bureau, Salinas 2005 demographic profile. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  8. ^ Money Magazine, Salinas median home price. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  9. ^ US Census Bureau, median home price asked during the 2000 Census. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  10. ^ US Census Bureau, Salinas median household income, 2000 Census. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  11. ^ Bellevue, WA median home price and income. Retrieved on 2006-12-28.
  12. ^ a b FBI uniformed crime report statistics, Salinas, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-10-23.
  13. ^ US Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violent Crime in Salinas since 1985. Retrieved on 2006-10-24.
  14. ^ a b US Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Vioent Crime Rates. Retrieved on 2006-10-24.
  15. ^ US Bureau of Justice Statistics, Violent Crime in Salinas since 1985. Retrieved on 2006-10-24.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Salinas, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1514 words)
Salinas is the county seat and largest municipality of Monterey County, California, and it is also known as the "Salad Bowl" of America.
Salinas enjoys cool and moderate temperatures doe to the "natural air conditioner" that conveys ocean air and fog in from the Monterey Bay to Salinas while towns to the north and south of Salinas experience hotter summers as mountains block the ocean air.
Thus Salinas weather is closer to that of the California central coast rather than that of inland valleys and thus enjoys a mild Mediterreanean climate with typical daily highs ranging from the low 50F's in the winter to the low 70'sF in the summer.
Salinas, California - definition of Salinas, California in Encyclopedia (491 words)
Salinas is the county seat of Monterey County, California.
The city developed in the 19th century as an Anglo response to the predominantly Mexican Monterey, California.
Funding levels are so low that in December, 2004, Salinas became the first city in the United States to completely close down its library system, due to a lack of funds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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