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Encyclopedia > Salient

In military terms, a salient is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory. Therefore, the salient is surrounded by the enemy on three sides, making the troops occupying the salient vulnerable. The enemy's line facing a salient is referred to as a re-entrant (an angle pointing inwards). A deep salient is vulnerable to being "pinched out" across the base, forming a pocket, in which the defenders of the salient become isolated.


Salients can be formed in a number of ways. An attacker can produce a salient in the defender's line by either intentionally making a pincer movement around the flanks of a strong point, which becomes the tip of the salient, or by making a broad, frontal attack which is held up in the centre but advances on the flanks. An attacker would usually produce a salient in his own line by making a broad, frontal attack that is successful only in the centre, which becomes the tip of the salient.


In trench warfare, salients are distinctly defined by the opposing lines of trenches and they were commonly formed by the failure of a broad, frontal attack. The static nature of the trenches meant that forming a pocket was difficult but the vulnerable nature of salients meant that they were often the focus of attrition battles.


In mobile warfare, such as the German Blitzkrieg, salients were more likely to be made into pockets which became the focus of annihilation battles.


Examples of salients and pockets


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Salient (741 words)
An attacker can produce a salient in the defender's line by either intentionally making a pincer movement around the flanks of a strong point, which becomes the tip of the salient, or by making a broad, frontal attack which is held up in the centre but advances on the flanks.
In trench warfare, salients are distinctly defined by the opposing lines of trenches and they were commonly formed by the failure of a broad, frontal attack.
In the Yugoslav wars the Medak Pocket was a Serb populated area in Croatia that was invaded by Croatians in September 1993.
Salient Networks Achieves Platinum Certification Status with Avaya (623 words)
Salient Networks has consistently received top honors from Avaya, including the 2001 National BusinessPartner of the Year award, the 2001 Alti Award for Superior Growth, and a seat on the BusinessPartner Council.
Salient Networks, Inc. is a communication systems integrator and reseller that specializes in the design, implementation, and support of strategic, integrated communication solutions.
Salient Networks supports Fortune 1000 as well as small- to medium-sized enterprise customers in need of converged communications solutions and applications.
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