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Encyclopedia > Salian Dynasty
Salian family tree
See also: Salian Franks and Salic law

The Salian dynasty was a dynasty in the High Middle Ages of four German Kings (1024-1125), also known as the Frankish dynasty after the family's origin and role as dukes of Franconia. All of these kings were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor (1027-1125), to which entity, the term 'Salic dynasty' also refers, as a separate term. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Salian Franks were a subgroup of the Franks. ... The King of the Franks, in the midst of the military chiefs who formed his Treuste -- or armed court, dictates the Salic Law (Code of the Barbaric Laws). ... // For other uses, see Dynasty (disambiguation). ... The cathedral Notre Dame de Paris, a significant architectural contribution of the High Middle Ages. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... Franconia (German: Franken) is a historic region in modern Germany, which today forms three administrative regions of the German federal state of Bavaria: Lower Franconia (Unterfranken), Middle Franconia (Mittelfranken), and Upper Franconia (Oberfranken). ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... Events March 26 - Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ...

Contents

After the death of the last Saxon of the Ottonian Dynasty in 1024, first the elected crown of 'King of Germany' and then three years later the elected position of Holy Roman Empire both passed to the first monarch of the Salian dynasty in the person of Conrad II, the only son of Count Henry of Speyer and Adelheid of Alsace, both territories in the Franconia of the day. He was elected King of Germany in 1024 and crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire on 26 March 1027. Look up Saxon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the year. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ... The prince-electors or electoral princes of the Holy Roman Empire — German: Kurfürst (singular) Kurfürsten (plural) — were the members of the electoral college of the Holy Roman Empire, having the function of electing the Emperors of Germany. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Conrad II (c. ... Henry of Speyer or Heinrich von Speyer, also called Graf im Wormsgau (965/970 – 989/1000) was the father of the Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II. He was the oldest son of Count Otto von Worms and married Adelheid of Alsace or Adelheid von Metz, the sister of the... An era is a long period of time with different technical and colloquial meanings, and usages in language. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ...


The four Salian kings of the dynasty — Conrad II, Henry III, Henry IV, and Henry V — ruled the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 to 1125, and firmly established their monarchy as a major European power. Their main accomplishment was the development of a permanent administrative system based on a class of public officials answerable to the crown. Henry III, from a miniature of 1040. ... HEINRIC·IMP[ERATOR], Emperor Henry IV. Henry IV (November 11, 1050 – August 7, 1106) was King of Germany from 1056 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1084, until his forced abdication in 1105. ... Henry IV (left) and son Henry V (right). ... Events March 26 - Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events May 23 - Lothair of Saxony becomes Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Henry V. War ends between Toulouse and Provence. ...


Origins

The ancestral dynasty was founded by Werner of Worms and his son Duke Conrad the Red of Lorraine, who died in 955. Conrad the Red was married to Luitgard, a daughter of Emperor Otto I, their son was Otto I, Duke of Carinthia (ruled 978-1004). Wormser Dom Worms (pronounced ) is a city in the southwest of Germany. ... Conrad the Red (German: Konrad der Rote) (died 10 August 955) was Duke of Lotharingia and Franconia. ... Events August 10 - Otto I the Great defeats Magyars in the Battle of Lechfeld Edwy becomes King of England. ... For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ... Otto (died 4 November 1004), called Otto of Worms, was duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death. ...


Duke Otto's sons were Pope Gregory V, Conrad and Henry, count of Speyer. Henry, count of Speyer, was the father of the first Salian Emperor Conrad II. Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 – February 18, 999), Pope from May 3, 996 to February 18, 999, son of the Salian Otto I, Duke of Carinthia, who was a grandson of the Emperor Otto I the Great (936–973). ... // Conrad I of Germany Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor Conrad III of Germany Conrad IV of Germany Conrad V of Germany Conrad I, Duke of Bavaria Conrad II, Duke of Bavaria Conrad of Burgundy Conrad I, Duke of Carinthia Conrad II, Duke of Carinthia Conrad of Gelnhausen Conrad of Italy... Henry of Speyer or Heinrich von Speyer, also called Graf im Wormsgau (965/970 – 989/1000) was the father of the Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II. He was the oldest son of Count Otto von Worms and married Adelheid of Alsace or Adelheid von Metz, the sister of the... Speyer (English formerly Spires) is a city in Germany (Rhineland-Palatinate) with approx. ... Conrad II (circa 990 - June 4, 1039) was the son of count Henry of Speyer. ...


Pope Leo IX was a relative of the dynasty as well, since his grandfather Hugo III was the brother of Adelheid, the grandmother of Henry III. Leo IX, born Bruno of Eguisheim-Dagsburg (June 21, 1002 – April 19, 1054) was Pope from February 12, 1049 to his death. ... Henry III, from a miniature of 1040. ...


Ruling in the Holy Roman Empire

A principal reason for the success of the early Salians was their alliance with the church, a policy begun by Otto I, which gave them the material support they needed to subdue rebellious dukes. In time, however, the church came to regret this close relationship. The relationship broke down in 1075 during what came to be known as the Investiture Controversy (or Investiture Dispute), a struggle in which the reformist pope, Gregory VII, demanded that Henry IV renounce his rights over the German church. The pope also attacked the concept of monarchy by divine right and gained the support of significant elements of the German nobility interested in limiting imperial absolutism. More important, the pope forbade church officials under pain of excommunication to support Henry as they had so freely done in the past. In the end, Henry journeyed to Canossa in northern Italy in 1077 to do penance and to receive absolution from the pope. However, he resumed the practice of lay investiture (appointment of religious officials by civil authorities) and arranged the election of an antipope. Events Revolt of the Earls. ... The Investiture Controversy, also known as the lay investiture controversy, was the most significant conflict between secular and religious powers in medieval Europe. ... Pope Gregory VII (c. ... Canossa is a former castle of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, situated in the foothills of the Apennines, in the province of Reggio Emilia and about eighteen miles from Parma. ... Events January 26 - Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor visits Pope Gregory VII as a penitent, asking him remove sentence of excommunication Robert Curthose instigates his first insurrection against his father, William the Conqueror Seljuk Turks capture Nicaea Süleyman I of Rüm becomes the leader of the Sultanate of...


The monarch's struggle with the papacy resulted in a war that ravaged through the Holy Roman Empire from 1077 until the Concordat of Worms in 1122. This agreement stipulated that the pope was to appoint high church officials but gave the German king the right to veto the papal choices. Imperial control of Italy was lost for a time, and the imperial crown became dependent on the political support of competing aristocratic factions. Feudalism also became more widespread as freemen sought protection by swearing allegiance to a lord. These powerful local rulers, having thereby acquired extensive territories and large military retinues, took over administration within their territories and organized it around an increasing number of castles. The most powerful of these local rulers came to be called princes rather than dukes. The Concordat of Worms, sometimes called the Pactum Calixtinum by papal historians, was an agreement between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V on September 23, 1122 near Worms. ... Events Resolution of Investiture Controversy in the Concordat of Worms Pierre Abélard writes Sic et Non Births Ben Lancaster, Gradutate, Dynamite dancer. ...


According to the laws of the feudal system of the Holy Roman Empire, the king had no claims on the vassals of the other princes, only on those living within his family's territory. Lacking the support of the formerly independent vassals and weakened by the increasing hostility of the church, the monarchy lost its preeminence. Thus, the Investiture Contest strengthened local power in the Holy Roman Empire in contrast to what was happening in France and England, where the growth of a centralized royal power was under way. The Investiture Contest had an additional effect. The long struggle between emperor and pope hurt the Holy Roman Empire's intellectual life, in this period largely confined to monasteries, and the empire no longer led or even kept pace with developments occurring in France and Italy. For instance, no universities were founded in the Holy Roman Empire until the fourteenth century.


The first Hohenstaufen king Conrad III was a grandson of the Salian Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. (The heiress of Salian family territories were issue of Agnes, Henry IV's daughter and Henry V's sister: her first marriage produced the royal and imperial Hohenstaufen dynasty and her second marriage the ducal Babenberg potentates of Duchy of Austria which was elevated much due to such connections Privilegium Minus.) Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ... Conrad III (1093-1152), the first German king of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was the son of Frederick I, Duke of Swabia. ... HEINRIC·IMP[ERATOR], Emperor Henry IV. Henry IV (November 11, 1050 – August 7, 1106) was King of Germany from 1056 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1084, until his forced abdication in 1105. ... Stained-glass painting of Agnes, c. ... Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ... Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg. ... The Archduchy of Austria (German: ) was one of the most important states within Holy Roman Empire, the center of the Habsburg Monarchy, the predecessor of the Austrian Empire. ... The Privilegium Minus (as opposed to the later Privilegium Maius, which was a forgery), is a document issued by Emperor Frederick I on September 17, 1156. ...


Salian Emperors

  • Conrad II 1024-1039, emperor 1027
  • Henry III 1039-1056, emperor 1046
  • Henry IV 1056-1106 emperor 1084
  • Henry V 1106-1125, emperor 1111
  • Nithesh 1125-1175, emperor 1180

Their regnal dates as emperor are confused by the issue of election and subsequent coronation. Conrad II (circa 990 - June 4, 1039) was the son of count Henry of Speyer. ... Henry III, from a miniature of 1040. ... HEINRIC·IMP[ERATOR], Emperor Henry IV. Henry IV (November 11, 1050 – August 7, 1106) was King of Germany from 1056 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1084, until his forced abdication in 1105. ... Henry IV (left) and son Henry V (right). ... The coronation of Empress Farah, of Iran in 1967. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Salian (689 words)
The two major divisions were the Salian Franks in the north and the Ripuarian Franks in the south.
dynasty of Frankish kings, descended, according to tradition, from Merovech, chief of the Salian Franks, whose son was Childeric I and whose grandson was Clovis I, the founder of the Frankish monarchy.
Restless corpses: `secondary burial' in the Babenberg and Habsburg dynasties.
Salian dynasty at AllExperts (814 words)
The Salian dynasty was a dynasty of germanic kings, also known as the Frankish dynasty after the family's origin and role as dukes of Franconia.
The dynasty was founded by Werner of Worms and his son Duke Conrad the Red of Lorraine, who died in 955.
Pope Leo IX was a relative of the dynasty as well, since his grandfather Hugo III was the brother of Adelheid, the grandmother of Henry III.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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