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Encyclopedia > Salem County, New Jersey
Salem County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Salem County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded information needed
Seat Salem
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

965 km² (373 mi²)
875 km² (338 mi²)
90 km² (35 mi²), 9.31%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

64,285
73/km² 
Website: www.salemcountynj.gov

Salem County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 64,285. Its county seat is Salem6. This county is considered part of the Delaware Valley area. Image File history File links Salem_County,_New_Jersey_seal. ... Image File history File links Map_of_New_Jersey_highlighting_Salem_County. ... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_NJ.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New Jersey ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... The City of Salem highlighted in Salem County. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties/Parishes/Boroughs, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... The City of Salem highlighted in Salem County. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The Delaware Valley, also known as the Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD Metropolitan Combined Statistical Area, is named for the Delaware River which flows through the region. ...


The Old Salem County Courthouse, situated on the same block as the Salem County Courthouse, serves as the court for Salem City and is tied for being the second oldest courthouse in continuous use in the United States, the others being King William County Courthouse (1725) and Hanover County Courthouse (1735) in Virginia. The courthouse was erected in 1735 using locally manufactured bricks. The building was enlarged in 1817 and enlarged and remodelled in 1908. Its distinctive bell tower is essentially unchanged and the original bell sits in the courtroom. The courthouse was the scene of the "treason trials" of 1778, wherein suspected Loyalists were put on trial for having allegedly aided the British during the Salem Raid in February and March of that same year. Four men were convicted and sentenced to death for treason; however, they were pardoned by Governor William Livingston and exiled from New Jersey.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 965 km² (373 mi²). 875 km² (338 mi²) of it is land and 90 km² (35 mi²) of it (9.31%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The terrain is almost uniformly flat coastal plain, with minimal relief. The highest elevation in the county has never been determined with any specificity, but is likely one of seven low rises in Upper Pittsgrove Township that exceed 160 feet (48.7 m) in elevation. Sea level is the lowest point. Upper Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. ...


Adjacent Counties

1across Delaware Bay; no land border Gloucester County is a county located in the state of New Jersey. ... Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Kent County is a county located in the central part of the state of Delaware. ... New Castle County is the northern-most county of the three counties in the state of Delaware. ... Delaware Bay Delaware Bay is a large esturarial inlet of the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Delaware River along the coast of the United States. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 10,437
1800 11,371 8.9%
1810 12,761 12.2%
1820 14,022 9.9%
1830 14,155 0.9%
1840 16,024 13.2%
1850 19,467 21.5%
1860 22,458 15.4%
1870 23,940 6.6%
1880 24,579 2.7%
1890 25,151 2.3%
1900 25,530 1.5%
1910 26,999 5.8%
1920 36,572 35.5%
1930 36,834 0.7%
1940 42,274 14.8%
1950 49,508 17.1%
1960 58,711 18.6%
1970 60,346 2.8%
1980 64,676 7.2%
1990 65,294 1.0%
2000 64,285 -1.5%
Est. 2005 66,346 [1] 3.2%
historical census data source: [2][3]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 64,285 people, 24,295 households, and 17,370 families residing in the county. The population density was 73/km² (190/mi²). There were 26,158 housing units at an average density of 30/km² (77/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.19% White, 14.77% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, and 1.46% from two or more races. 3.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.0% were of German, 13.2% Irish, 12.8% Italian, 11.1% English and 7.7% American ancestry according to Census 2000. The United States Census of 1790 was the first Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1800 was the second Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... The United States 2000 Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


There were 24,295 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 13.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 24.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 24.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.20 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $45,573, and the median income for a family was $54,890. Males had a median income of $41,860 versus $27,209 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,874. About 7.20% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

Salem County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Freeholders are elected at large by the voters of Salem County in partisan elections and serve staggered 3-year terms. Salem County's Freeholders are:[4] The Board of Chosen Freeholders is the legislative body in each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...

  • Lee R. Ware - Freeholder Director (term ends 2007)
  • Bruce L. Bobbitt - Freeholder Deputy Director (2008)
  • Julie Acton
  • Charles R. Sullivan (2008)
  • David Lindenmuth (2008)
  • R. Benjamin Simmermon, Jr. (2006)
  • Beth E. Timberman (2006)

Municipalities

The following municipalities are located in Salem County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Other, unincorporated areas in the county are listed below their parent municipality (or municipalities, as the case may be). Most of these areas are census-designated places that have been created by the United States Census Bureau for enumeration purposes within a Township. Other communities and enclaves that exist within a municipality are marked as non-CDP next to the name. Unincorporated areas in the state of New Jersey are communities that are part of one or more incorporated municipalities. ... A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ...

Index map of Salem County municipalities (click to see index key)
Index map of Salem County municipalities (click to see index key)

Image File history File links Salem_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ... Image File history File links Salem_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ... Alloway Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Map of Alloway CDP in Salem County Alloway CDP is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Alloway Township, in Salem County, New Jersey. ... Carneys Point Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Map of Carneys Point CDP in Salem County Carneys Point CDP is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Carneys Point Township, in Salem County, New Jersey. ... Elmer highlighted in Salem County. ... Elsinboro Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Lower Alloways Creek Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Mannington Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Oldmans Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Penns Grove Borough highlighted in Salem County. ... Pennsville Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Map of Pennsville CDP in Salem County Pennsville CDP is a census-designated place and unincorporated area located within Pennsville Township, in Salem County, New Jersey. ... Pilesgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Olivet is a census-designated place and place located in Pittsgrove Township, Salem County, New Jersey. ... Quinton Township highlighted in Salem County. ... The City of Salem highlighted in Salem County. ... Upper Pittsgrove Township highlighted in Salem County. ... Woodstown highlighted in Salem County. ...

References

  1. ^ QuickFacts: Salem County, New Jersey. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-03-01.
  2. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930.
  3. ^ Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved on 2007-03-02.
  4. ^ Salem County 2006 Board of Chosen Freeholders, accessed March 18, 2006

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Virginia (also called U.Va. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External link

  • Salem County official website
v  d  e
Municipalities of Salem County, New Jersey
(County seat: Salem)
City Salem
Townships Alloway Township | Carneys Point Township | Elsinboro Township | Lower Alloways Creek Township | Mannington Township | Oldmans Township | Pennsville Township | Pilesgrove Township | Pittsgrove Township | Quinton Township | Upper Pittsgrove Township
Boroughs Elmer | Penns Grove | Woodstown
CDPs and other communities Alloway CDP | Carneys Point CDP | Pennsville CDP | Olivet

Coordinates: 39°35′N 75°22′W / 39.58, -75.36 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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