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Encyclopedia > Salem, Oregon
Salem, Oregon
The Oregon State Capitol

Flag
Nickname: The Cherry City
Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon
Location in Marion and Polk Counties, state of Oregon
Coordinates: 44°55′51″N 123°1′44″W / 44.93083, -123.02889
Country United States
State Oregon
Counties Marion, Polk
Founded 1842
Government
 - Mayor Janet Taylor
Area
 - City  46.4 sq mi (120.1 km²)
 - Land  44.8 sq mi (118.4 km²)
 - Water  0.6 sq mi (1.6 km²)
Elevation  154 ft (46.7 m)
Population (2006)
 - City 149,305
 - Density 2,994.0/sq mi (1,156.1/km²)
 - Metro 379,406
  (estimated)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 503
FIPS code 41-64900GR2
GNIS feature ID 1167861GR3
Website: www.cityofsalem.net

Salem (IPA: [ˈseɪ ləm̩]) is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon, and the county seat of Marion County. The district of West Salem lies in Polk County. It is located in the mid-Willamette Valley, between Portland and Eugene. As of July 1, 2006 it had a population of 149,305,[1] with a metro area population of nearly 400,000, making it the second largest city, and second largest metropolitan area in Oregon (after Portland). Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 384 pixelsFull resolution (2797 × 1341 pixel, file size: 967 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Oregon State Capitol Building in Salem, Oregon I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Oregon State Capitol, July 1989 The Oregon State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Flag of Salem, Oregon File links The following pages link to this file: Salem, Oregon Categories: Flag images ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 400 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1500 pixel, file size: 147 KB, MIME type: image/png) Made using US Census Bureau Data. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Map of the counties of Oregon List of Oregon counties: Baker County Benton County Clackamas County Clatsop County Columbia County Coos County Crook County Curry County Deschutes County Douglas County Gilliam County Grant County Harney County Hood River County Jackson County Jefferson County Josephine County Klamath County Lake County Lane... Marion County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 503 services several locations in Oregon, including Portland, Salem, Tillamook, Astoria and other locations in northwestern Oregon. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... West Salem is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, United States, located in the far northwest part of the city. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... It has been suggested that Track Town, USA be merged into this article or section. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


"Salem" is derived from the Hebrew word "Shalom", and the Arabic word "Salam" both meaning "peace". Historically, Salem has been nicknamed the "Cherry City", because of the importance of the local cherry growing industry.[2] “Hebrew” redirects here. ... “Arabic” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Cherry (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

The Native American name for the area was Chemeketa, which means "meeting or resting place" in the Kalapuya language. The word "Chemeketa" is preserved in the name of the local community college and other local buildings. The original Kalapuya pronunciation of the word is Chim-i-ki-ti.[citation needed] This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Kalapuya (also Kalapuyan, Kalapooian, Calapooya, Calapooia) are a Native American ethnic group that once inhabited the area of present-day western Oregon in the United States and are now part of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon. ... Chemeketa Community College is a community college located in Salem, Oregon. ...


The first European settlement in the area was the Jason Lee mission in 1840. In 1842, the missionaries established the Oregon Institute (the forerunner of Willamette University) in the area that was to become the first townsite of Salem. In 1844, the mission was dissolved and the townsite established. According to Oregon Geographic Names, it is uncertain who chose the name for the town, but it is believed to be one of two people: Trustee David Leslie from Salem, Massachusetts, or William H. Willson who in 1850-1851 filed the plats for the main part of the city. Jason Lee (NSHC statue) Jason Lee (June 28, 1803 – March 12, 1845) an American missionary and pioneer, was born on a farm near Stanstead, Quebec. ... The Oregon Institute was the first school built for European-Americans west of Missouri. ... Willamette University is a private institution of higher learning located in Salem, Oregon. ... Oregon Geographic Names is an authoritative compilation of the origin and meaning of place names in the state of Oregon. ... For other uses, see David Leslie. ... Nickname: Location in Essex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Essex County Settled 1626 Incorporated 1626 A City 1836 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Kimberley Driscoll Area  - City  18. ... William Holden Willson (April 14, 1805 - April 17, 1856) was a pioneer of the U.S. state of Oregon and the founder of its capital city, Salem. ...


In 1851, Salem became the territorial capital after it was moved from Oregon City. The capital was moved briefly to Corvallis in 1855, but was moved back to Salem permanently that same year. A two-story state house, which had been occupied for only two months, burned to the ground in December of 1855. Salem was incorporated as a city in 1857 and became Oregon's state capital with statehood two years later. Nickname: End of the Oregon Trail, OC Motto: Urbs civitatis nostrae prima et mater Location in Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Clackamas Founded 1829 Incorporated 1844 Government  - Mayor Alice Norris Area  - City  8. ... Corvallis (IPA: ) is a city located in central western Oregon, USA. It is the county seat of Benton CountyGR6 and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County. ...


Oregon's second capitol building was completed in 1876 on the site of the original. The Greek revival-style building was based in part on the U.S. Capitol building. The building received its distinctive copper dome in 1893. Tragically, fire claimed the second Oregon capitol building on April 25, 1935. The Tower of the Winds, Athens from The Antiquities of Athens, 1762. ... United States Capitol The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...

Map of Salem in 1876

The third and current Oregon State Capitol was completed on the same site in 1938. It is recognizable by its distinctive pioneer statue atop the capitol dome that is plated with gold-leaf and officially named the Oregon Pioneer. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Oregon State Capitol, July 1989 The Oregon State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... A family of Russian settlers in the Caucasus region, ca. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... The Oregon Pioneer statue is an eight-and-a-half ton bronze statue with gold leaf finish that sits atop the Oregon State Capitol in Salem, Oregon, United States. ...


The first cherry festival in Salem was held in 1903. In the following decades, the event briefly became an annual event, with parades and the election of a cherry queen, but was disbanded after World War I. It was revived briefly as the Salem Cherryland Festival for several years in the late 1940s.[3] “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Geography and climate

Salem is located at 44°55′51″N, 123°1′44″W (44.931109, -123.029159).GR1


The 45th Parallel (halfway between the North Pole and the Equator) passes through Salem's city limits. This article is about the geographical term. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 120.1 km² (46.4 mi²). 118.4 km² (45.7 mi²) of it is land and 1.6 km² (0.6 mi²) of it (1.35%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Although the Willamette River flows through Salem, the North Santiam River Watershed is Salem's primary drinking water source. The Willamette River (pronounced wil-LAM-met) is a tributary of the Columbia River, approximately 240 mi (386 km) long, in northwestern Oregon in the United States. ... The Santiam River (san-tee-AM) is a tributary of the Willamette River, approximately 10 mi (16 km) long, in western Oregon in the United States. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ...

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record High °C (°F) 18.3 (65) 22.2 (72) 26.7 (80) 31.1 (88) 37.8 (100) 40.6 (105) 42.2 (108) 42.2 (108) 40.0 (104) 33.9 (93) 22.2 (72) 20.0 (68)
Normal High °C (°F) 8.3 (47.0) 10.7 (51.2) 13.5 (56.3) 16.2 (61.1) 19.7 (67.5) 23.3 (74.0) 27.5 (81.5) 27.7 (81.9) 24.8 (76.6) 18.1 (64.5) 11.3 (52.4) 8.0 (46.4)
Normal Low °C (°F) 0.8 (33.5) 1.5 (34.7) 2.6 (36.6) 3.8 (38.8) 6.4 (43.6) 9.1 (48.4) 11.1 (52.0) 11.2 (52.1) 8.7 (47.7) 5.2 (41.3) 3.3 (37.9) 1.1 (33.9)
Record Low °C (°F) -23.3 (-10) -20.0 (-4) -11.1 (12) -5.0 (23) -3.9 (25) 0.0 (32) 2.8 (37) 2.2 (36) -3.3 (26) -6.7 (20) -12.8 (9) -24.4 (-12)
Normal Precipitation
mm (inches)
148.3
(5.84)
129.3
(5.09)
105.9
(4.17)
70.1
(2.76)
54.1
(2.13)
36.8
(1.45)
14.5
(0.57)
17.3
(0.68)
36.3
(1.43)
77.0
(3.03)
162.3
(6.39)
164.1
(6.46)
Normal Snowfall mm (inches) 73.7
(2.9)
33.0
(1.3)
12.7
(0.5)
0.0
(0.0)
T
(T)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
T
(T)
T
(T)
7.6
(0.3)
40.6
(1.6)
Source:[4]

A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...

Neighborhoods

Salem has 19 established neighborhoods:[5]

  • Central Area
  • Croisan-Illahe
  • East Lancaster
  • Faye Wright
  • Grant
  • Highland
  • Lansing

Lansing is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, located in the northeast part of the city. ... Northgate is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, located in the far north part of the city. ... North Lancaster is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, located in the northeast part of the city. ... South Central is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, located just south of downtown. ... Sunnyslope is a primarily residential neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, located in the far southwest part of the city. ... West Salem is a neighborhood in Salem, Oregon, United States, located in the far northwest part of the city. ...

Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2006, there were 150,254 people, 50,676 households, and 32,331 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,156.1/km² (2,994.0/mi²). There were 53,817 housing units at an average density of 454.4/km² (1,176.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.07% White, 1.28% African American, 1.51% Native American, 2.41% Asian, 0.47% Pacific Islander, 7.90% from other races, and 3.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.59% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 50,676 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.10. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 20.6% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.5 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $38,881, and the median income for a family was $46,409. Males had a median income of $34,746 versus $26,789 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,141. About 10.5% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 7.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Economy

State government is Salem's largest employer, but the city also serves as a hub for the area farming communities and is a major agricultural food processing center.[6] It lies along the I-5 corridor and is within an hour's drive of Oregon's largest city, Portland. Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


In a bid to diversify its economic base, Salem attracted a number of computer-related manufacturing plants in the 1990s. In November 2003, the Sumitomo Mitsubishi Silicon Group (SUMCO), one of these arrivals, announced it would be closing its two silicon wafer plants at the end of 2004, eliminating 620 jobs, and moving production to other plants.[7] In June 2006, SUMCO announced that its last facility in the city, a technology center, would close by the end of the year.[8] Nasas Glenn Research Center clean room. ... It has been suggested that Wafer prober be merged into this article or section. ...


The top private employer in Salem is the Salem Hospital with over 2,700 employees. Others include the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde's Spirit Mountain Casino west of Salem, the T-Mobile Calling Center, GE Security (Formerly Supra Products Inc.), Wachovia Securities, Norpac Foods Inc. and Roth's Family Markets. The largest public employer in Salem is the Department of Human Services, which employs over 4,000 people.[citation needed] The Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon consists of five tribes with long historical ties to present-day western Oregon between the Coast Range and the Cascade Range: Chasta (present-day Oregon bands of the Shasta) Kalapuya Molalla Rogue River (a tribe whose bands were split between... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon. ... T-Mobile logo T-Mobile is a multinational mobile phone operator. ... Categories: Stub | Fortune 500 companies | Financial services companies of the United States ... The Oregon Department of Human Services is the primary health and human services agency of the government of the U.S. state of Oregon, and delivers public assistance programs, administers the Oregon Health Plan, provides addiction and vocational rehabilitation services, services for seniors and people with disabilities. ...


Salem is the headquarters of the Oregon Department of Corrections and home to four state correctional facilities, including the Oregon State Penitentiary, Oregon's only maximum security prison. The Department of Corrections of the U.S. state of Oregon has been charged with managing a system of 12 state prisons since its creation by the state legislature in 1987. ... Oregon State Penitentiary (OSP), the first state prison in Oregon, United States, was originally located in Portland in 1851. ...


Numerous projects are underway to increase the supply of housing in the downtown core. These projects will provide upscale, low and high rise condominium and office space. For other uses, see House (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Skater in Marion Square Park, Salem, Oregon.
Skater in Marion Square Park, Salem, Oregon.

From May through October the Salem Saturday Market, located north of the Capitol, exhibits an emphasis on local products including crafts, baked goods, produce, meat, and other items. In addition to the Saturday Market, there is a Wednesday Farmers' Market hosted downtown in Courthouse Square during the summer, as well a Holiday Gift Market in December. The 60+ year old, indoor Saturday Public Market is open all year round. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ...


The annual World Beat Festival , held in June, is sponsored by the nonprofit Salem Multicultural Institute. The event lasts for two days and is held at the Riverfront Park. It features international crafts, music, dance, food, and folklore from every continent, and in recent years has held a Dragon Boat race similar to the ones held during the Rose Festival in Portland. A Dragon boat (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a very long and narrow human powered boat used in the team paddling sport or Dragon boat racing which originated in China. ... The Rose Festival is an annual civic festival held during the month of June in Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


The Salem Art Association sponsors the annual Salem Art Fair & Festival, which takes place at Bush's Pasture Park during the summer. Its displays, interactive exhibits, food, and performances attract thousands of visitors each year, making it the largest juried art festival of its kind in the state. Bushs Pasture Park (90. ...


The Bite of Salem, held in July at the Riverfront Park, is an event similar to others such as the Bite of Oregon in Portland. The event consists of a weekend of local restaurants in Salem offering samples of their menus to patrons in a festival atmosphere, with live entertainment and benefiting local charities. Mountain West Group Chef's Nite Out is an upscale wine and food benefit held for the Marion-Polk Food Share.


The largest event in Salem is the Oregon State Fair in late summer. Located in the Oregon State Fairgrounds in North Salem, the fair offers the usual exhibits, competitions and carnival atmosphere of a traditional state fair in addition to big-ticket concerts, wine tasting, and rock climning. Other events such as concerts, horse shows and rodeos take place at the Oregon State Fair and Expo Center throughout the year. The Oregon State Fair is the official state fair of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... A state fair is a competitive and recreational gathering of a U.S. states population. ...


The Salem Repertory Theatre presents shows at the Reed Opera House. The rustic Pentacle Theatre, which features plays and musicals, is located in West Salem. The historic Elsinore Theatre is also a landmark featuring recitals, concerts, films, and plays. The Reed Opera House and McCornack Block Addition, more commonly known as The Reed Opera House or The Reed, is a historic building in downtown Salem, Oregon. ...


Museums and other points of interest

In addition to the Oregon State Capitol building, and adjacent Willson Park, Salem's downtown contains the Mission Mill Museum, Hallie Ford Museum of Art, and the historic Elsinore Theatre. The tallest building in Salem, and the only one taller than the State Capitol building, is the First United Methodist Church.[1] The current sanctuary was completed in 1878. Its tall white spire rises at the intersection of Church and State Streets across from the Capitol grounds. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1530x1459, 348 KB) Oregon State Capitol, Salem, OR. Photograph taken 7 September 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1530x1459, 348 KB) Oregon State Capitol, Salem, OR. Photograph taken 7 September 2006. ... Oregon State Capitol, July 1989 The Oregon State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Mission Mill Museum is a Salem, Oregon historical attraction. ... The Hallie Ford Museum of Art is the art museum of Willamette University in Salem, Oregon, United States. ... The Elsinore After Completed Renovation // Construction and Early Years The Elsinore Theatre is a theatre located in Salem, Oregon, founded on May 28th, 1926. ...


The Oregon Symphony, based in Portland, presents approximately ten classical and pops concerts each year in Salem. The Salem Chamber Orchestra includes professional area musicians as well as students. The Oregon Symphony is an American orchestra based in Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ...


The Salem Armory Auditorium has hosted touring bands including Korn and Phish.

Downtown Salem
Downtown Salem

Because Salem is the state capital, it has a multitude of government agencies, departments and boards housed in buildings with architecture designs ranging from the early 20th century to examples of state-of-the-art civil building design. Image File history File linksMetadata HPIM1859jpeg. ... Image File history File linksMetadata HPIM1859jpeg. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...


The historic Reed Opera House in downtown Salem has a number of local shops and dining establishments, as well as an art gallery. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Salem has been awarded "Tree City USA" status by the National Arbor Day Foundation for 30 consecutive years for its dedication to urban forestry.[9] Salem was the first city in Oregon to receive the award.[10] In keeping with the city's "Cherry City" theme, flowering cherry trees have been planted along many Salem streets as well as on the Capitol Mall across from the Capitol. Arbor Day is a holiday in which individuals and groups are encouraged to plant and care for trees. ... Urban forestry is the care and management of tree populations in urban settings for the purpose of improving the urban environment. ...


The Salem Public Library's main branch is located just south of downtown. A branch library is located in West Salem (Polk County). The Library participates in the Chemeketa Cooperative Regional Library Service, so Salem Public Library cards are also valid in of the member libraries in Yamhill, Polk, Marion, and parts of Linn County. Yamhill County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Linn County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ...


The film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest was filmed at the Oregon State Hospital. One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest is a 1975 film directed by Miloš Forman. ... Oregon State Hospital in Salem, Oregon, United States is the primary state-run psychiatric hospital in the state of Oregon since Dammasch State Hospital closed in 1995. ...


Sports

The Salem-Keizer Volcanoes, a minor league baseball team, play their home games in the city of Keizer, which adjoins Salem on the north. League Northwest League Division Western Year founded 1997 Major League affiliation San Francisco Giants Home ballpark Volcanoes Stadium Previous home ballparks City Keizer, Oregon Current uniform colors Lava Red, Black, Ash Grey, and Burnt Gold Previous uniform colors Logo design Stylized erupting volcano with a character that looks both like... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Keizer (IPA: ) is a city in Marion County, Oregon, United States. ...


The Salem Stampede of the International Basketball League play their home games at the Salem Armory. The Salem Stampede are a team in the International Basketball League (2005-), playing in Salem, Oregon. ... The International Basketball League is a U.S.-based professional basketball summer league featuring teams from the West Coast and the Midwest. ...


Parks and recreation

Salem maintains 42 city parks. Minto-Brown Island Park is the largest at 898.9 acres (364 ha).[11] Bush's Pasture Park, a 90.5-acre (36.6-ha) urban park a few blocks south of downtown Salem, features natural groves of native Oregon White Oak trees, the historic Bush House, a rose garden, and adjacent Deepwood Estates.[12] Riverfront Park, adjacent to downtown, runs along the Willamette River and is the home of the Salem Carousel. The A.C. Gilbert House, located near Riverfront Park, has a toy museum and "discovery house" for children. Salem is also home to one of the smallest city parks in the world, Waldo Park, which consists of a single Sequoia tree.[13] (It used to be claimed that it was the smallest, but Mill Ends Park park in Portland is smaller.) Other notable parks are Willamette Mission State Park just north of the city, and Silver Falls State Parks just 30 minutes east near Silverton. Marion County also manages several parks within the city limits. Salem residents can easily enjoy nearby parks in Keizer as well as in the surrounding areas of Marion and Polk counties. Bushs Pasture Park (90. ... Binomial name Quercus garryana The Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana), also known as Garry Oak, has a range from northern California to British Columbia. ... The Willamette River (pronounced wil-LAM-met) is a tributary of the Columbia River, approximately 240 mi (386 km) long, in northwestern Oregon in the United States. ... The A.C. Gilberts Discovery Village is an interactive childrens museum located in Salem, Oregon, United States. ... Waldo Park is a municipal park, located in downtown Salem, Oregon. ... This article is about the species commonly called Coast Redwood. For the species commonly called Giant Sequoia, see Sequoiadendron. ... Mill Ends Park, the smallest park in the world Mill Ends Park in Portland, Oregon, United States, is a small park that was created on St. ...


Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public

Main article: Salem-Keizer School District

It has been suggested that Walker Middle School (Oregon) be merged into this article or section. ...

Alternative schools

Chemawa Indian School (sometimes referred to as Chemawa High School) is a boarding school in Salem, Oregon, USA. It started in the late 19th century as an elementary school, but as of 2005 serves ninth through twelfth grades. ... For theological federalism, see Covenant Theology. ... The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) is an agency of the federal government of the United States within the Department of the Interior charged with the administration and management of 55. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... A boarding school is a usually fee-charging school where some or all pupils not only study, but also live during term time, with their fellow students and possibly teachers. ... Oregon School for the Blind (OSB), is a public school in Salem, Oregon, serving blind and vision impaired students of kindergarten through high school grades through residential, day school, and part-time enrollment programs. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Oregon School for the Deaf (OSD), is a public school in Salem, Oregon, serving deaf and hard of hearing students of kindergarten through high school grades through residential, day school, and part-time enrollment programs. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...

Private

  • Abiqua School - private secular - elementary and middle school * Blanchet Catholic School - private Roman Catholic - middle and high school
  • Concordia Lutheran School - private Lutheran Missouri Synod - elementary and middle school
  • Cornerstone Christian School - private nondenominational - preschool and elementary
  • Grace Academy - private nondenominational - elementary, middle, and high school
  • The Heritage School - private secular - elementary and middle "alternative" school
  • H.I.S. Academy - private nondenominational - elementary through high school
  • Queen of Peace Catholic School - private Roman Catholic - elementary
  • Riviera Christian School - private Baptist - preschool and elementary
  • Salem Academy Christian Schools - private nondenominational - preschool to high school, multiple locations
  • Sonshine School - private Baptist - preschool and elementary
  • St. Joseph School - private Roman Catholic - elementary
  • St. Vincent de Paul Catholic School - private Roman Catholic - preschool and elementary
  • Western Mennonite School - private Mennonite - middle and high school
  • Willamette Academy - private nonsectarian but historically United Methodist - high school supplementary
  • Livingstone Adventist Academy - private Seventh-Day Adventist- Elementary, Middle and Highschool

Blanchet Catholic School (BCS) is a private Catholic high school in Salem, Oregon, United States. ...

Colleges and universities

Chemeketa Community College is a community college located in Salem, Oregon. ... Corban College is a comprehensive, Bible centered college for all evangelical Christians who want to make a difference in the world for Jesus Christ and consider their personal and professional lives a ministry. ... The Tokyo International University is an institution of higher learning with a strong international focus, with a satellite (or affiliated) campus--Tokyo International University of America (TIUA)--Willamette University in Salem, Oregon. ... Willamette University is a private institution of higher learning located in Salem, Oregon. ...

Mass media

Newspaper

Statesman Journal is the largest daily newspaper of Oregons state capital of Salem. ... Salem Monthly is the only alternative news monthly in Oregons capital city of Salem. ... The Capital Press is a weekly agricultural newspaper covering the West Coast, published in Salem, Oregon, United States. ...

Television

  • KWVT-TV 17

KGUG-LP, branded as KWVT, is an affiliate of the America One and White Springs Television networks. ...

Internet

Transportation

Bus

Salem-Keizer Transit ("Cherriots"), an independent government agency, provides fixed-route bus service, rideshare matching, and paratransit/lift services for the disabled, within the urban growth boundary. Cherriots bus at Salems Courthouse Square Transit Mall Salem-Keizer Transit , branded and popularily knowns as Cherriots, is a public agency that operates mass transit in the Salem, Oregon area. ... An urban growth boundary, or UGB, is a regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urbanization by designating the area inside the boundary for high density urban development and the area outside the boundary for low density rural development. ...


Greyhound Lines provides north-south service and connecting carrier service to Bend, Oregon from its station downtown. Greyhound Lines is the largest inter-city common carrier of passengers by bus in North America , serving 2,200 destinations in the United States. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ...


Rail

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, leases the Salem Depot from the Oregon Department of Transportation. The Coast Starlight provides daily north-south service to cities between Los Angeles, California and Seattle, Washington. Amtrak Cascades trains, operating as far north as Vancouver, British Columbia and as far south as Eugene, Oregon, serve Salem several times daily in both directions. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Other information Opened 1918 Code SLM Owned by Oregon Department of Transportation Services Salem Station is an Amtrak train station in Salem, Oregon, United States. ... The Oregon Department of Transportation (otherwise known as the ODOT) is a department of the Oregon state government responsible for systems of transportation. ... The Coast Starlight at San Luis Obispo, California. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... “Seattle” redirects here. ... Amtrak Cascades consist in Portland, Oregon. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... It has been suggested that Track Town, USA be merged into this article or section. ...


Air

HUT Airport Shuttle provides transportation to Portland International Airport. HUT also serves Corvallis with a second stop at Oregon State University, Albany, and Woodburn. KPDX Airport Diagram Aerial view of KPDX from the southwest For the airport of Portland, Maine, see Portland International Jetport For the drug PDX, see 10-propargyl-10-deazaaminopterin PDX is also a nickname for the city of Portland, Oregon Portland International Airport (IATA: PDX, ICAO: KPDX) is the largest... Corvallis (IPA: ) is a city located in central western Oregon, USA. It is the county seat of Benton CountyGR6 and the principal city of the Corvallis, Oregon Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all of Benton County. ... Oregon State University (OSU) is a four-year research and degree-granting public university, located in Corvallis, Oregon in the United States. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: County Linn County Incorporated 1864 Government  - Mayor Chuck McLaran Area  - City 41. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


McNary Field (Salem Municipal Airport) is owned and operated by the City of Salem. It serves primarily private aviation and the Oregon National Guard - Army Aviation Support Facility (AASF). Delta Connection offers commercial air service with two daily flights to Salt Lake City, Utah. The airport is planning to perform terminal improvements using a preconstructed modular building.[15] McNary Field (IATA code: SLE/ICAO: KSLE) is the name of the Salem, Oregon Municipal Airport. ... The Oregon National Guard is a Federally mandated and equipped military organization under the civilian direction of the Oregon Military Department, with the Governor of Oregon as its Commander in Chief. ... Delta Connection jet landing at BWI airport on March 4, 2007 Delta Connection is the name under which eight regional airlines operate short and medium haul routes for mainline carrier, Delta Air Lines. ... Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. ...


Highways

The city is served by the following highways: This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Interstate 5 (abbreviated I-5) is the westernmost interstate highway in the continental United States. ... Oregon Route 99E is an Oregon state highway that runs between city of Junction City, Oregon and an interchange with Interstate 5 just south of the Oregon/Washington border, in Portland. ... Oregon Route 99E Business is a business route through Salem, Oregon for Oregon Route 99E, which bypasses downtown via Interstate 5. ... Oregon Route 22 is an Oregon state highway that runs between the Oregon Coast city of Hebo, to an interchange with U.S. Highway 20 near Santiam Pass in the Cascade Mountains. ... Oregon Route 221 is an Oregon state highway which runs between the city of Salem, Oregon and the city of Dayton, Oregon, roughly along the western shore of the Willamette River. ... For the unsigned Highway 51, see Wilsonville-Hubbard Highway. ... Oregon Route 213 is an Oregon state highway that serves the eastern Willamette Valley between Portland and Salem. ...

Gallery

Sister cities

Salem has two sister cities:[16] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Kawagoes shops, temples and tower retain a feeling of the Edo period Kawagoe (川越市) is a city located in Saitama, Japan and is about a 30-minute train ride from Tokyo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Gimhae, also commonly referred to as Kimhae, is a city in South Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. ...

Further reading

  • MacGibbon, Elma (1904). Leaves of knowledge. Shaw & Borden Co.  Elma MacGibbons reminiscences of her travels in the United States starting in 1898, which were mainly in Oregon and Washington. Includes chapter "Salem, the capital of Oregon."

References

  1. ^ Portland State University (2006-12-15). PRC Certified Cities 2006 (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  2. ^ Lucas,Bill. The Cherry City. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  3. ^ Hermann,Shirley. Salem's Cherry Festival. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  4. ^ Salem Weather Data. USTravelWeather.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  5. ^ Find Your Neighborhood. City of Salem. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  6. ^ About Salem,Oregon. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  7. ^ Statement from SUMCO on the closure. Statesman Journal (November 13, 2003). Retrieved on 2007-03-30.
  8. ^ The Statesman Journal. June 2, 2006
  9. ^ Tree Cities in Oregon. The National Arbor Day Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  10. ^ Salem, Oregon-Tree City USA. City of Salem (1977-03-25). Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  11. ^ Minto Brown Island Park. City of Salem. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  12. ^ Bushs Pasture Park. City of Salem. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  13. ^ Waldo Park. City of Salem. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  14. ^ http://www.Salem-News.com
  15. ^ Delta to begin two daily flights from Salem to Salt Lake City. Statesman Journal (February 26, 2007). Retrieved on 2007-03-25.
  16. ^ City of Salem.net. Retrieved on 2007-09-17.

Portland State University Portland State University is a public state urban university located in downtown Portland, Oregon. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 44.931109° N 123.029159° W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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