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Encyclopedia > Salamander (legendary creature)
A 16th-century image of a salamander from M. M. Pattison Muir's The Story of Alchemy and the Beginnings of Chemistry

The salamander an amphibian of the order Urodela. As with many real creatures, pre-modern authors often ascribed fantastic qualities to it (compare the allegorical descriptions of animals in Medieval bestiaries), and in recent times some have come to identify a legendary salamander as a distinct concept from the real organism. This idea is most highly developed in the occult. Where the two concepts can be distinguished, the legendary salamander is most often depicted much like a typical salamander in shape, with a lizard-like form, but it is usually ascribed an affinity with fire (sometimes specifically elemental fire). Subclasses and Orders    Order Temnospondyli - extinct Subclass Lepospondyli - extinct Subclass Lissamphibia    Order Anura    Order Caudata    Order Gymnophiona Amphibians (class Amphibia; from Greek αμφις both and βιος life) are a taxon of animals that include all living tetrapods (four-legged vertebrates) that do not have amniotic eggs, are ectothermic (term for the animals... Families Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibian vertebrates with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails (order Caudata or Urodela). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... A bestiary is a medieval book that has short descriptions of various real or imaginary animals, birds and even rocks. ... Look up Legend in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The word occult comes from the Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to knowledge of the hidden. In the medical sense it is used commonly to refer to a structure or process that is hidden, e. ... For other uses, see Lizard (disambiguation). ... A forest fire Fire is a rapid oxidation process that creates light, heat, smoke, and releases energy in varying intensities. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Classical, medieval, and renaissance lore

This legendary creature embodies the fantastic qualities that ancient and medieval commentators ascribed to the natural salamander. Many of these qualities are rooted in verifiable traits of the natural creature but often exaggerated to a ridiculous degree, as was infamously common in ancient works on natural history and philosophy. A large body of legend, mythology, and symbolism has developed around this creature over the centuries. Suborders Cryptobranchoidea Salamandroidea Sirenoidea Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibians with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails. ... Look up Legend in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from μυολογείν mythologein to relate myths, from μύος mythos, meaning a narrative, and λόγος logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and...

16th century woodcut questionably identified as a depiction of a salamander by M.P. Hall

The most widely known deviation from a realistic depiction is from an influential 20th-century occult work by Manly P. Hall, Secret Teachings of All Ages[1] (see inset). Since this illustration appears to originate in a 1527 anti-papal tract by Andreas Osiander and Hans Sachs, where it is identified as "the Pope as a monster,"[2] Hall's identification of the illustration is doubtful. Descriptions of the legendary form are more likely to use stylized depictions. In Medieval European bestiaries, fanciful depictions of salamanders include "a satyr-like creature in a circular wooden tub" (8th century), "a worm penetrating flames" (12th century), "a winged dog" (13th century), and "a small bird in flames" (13th century).[3] Renaissance depictions[4] are characteristically more realistic, adhering more closely to the Classical description. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (726x948, 191 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salamander User:Fuzzypeg ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (726x948, 191 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Salamander User:Fuzzypeg ... Manly Palmer Hall Manly Palmer Hall (March 18, 1901 - August 29, 1990) was a prolific American author and mystic. ... Andreas Osiander (Andreas Hosemann) (1498 - 1552) was a German Protestant theologian. ... Hans Sachs (November 5, 1494 - January 19, 1576) was a German meistersinger (mastersinger), poet, playwright and shoemaker. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD...

Photograph of a fire salamander

In one of the earliest surviving descriptions of a salamander, Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) noted that the creature is "an animal like a lizard in shape and with a body starred all over; it never comes out except during heavy showers and disappears the moment the weather becomes clear."[5][6] All of these traits, even down to the star-like markings, are consistent with the golden Alpine salamander (Salamandra atra aurorae) of Europe that has golden or yellow spots or blotches on its back[7] and some similarly marked subspecies of the fire salamander (Salamandra salamandra) [8]. Pliny even made the important distinction between salamanders and lizards, which are similar in shape but very different in other respects, which was not systematized until recent times, when biologists classified lizards as reptiles and salamanders as amphibians. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (807x807, 396 KB) Author: User:Emilisha, photo taken in the Scheiterhau forest near Murrhardt, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (807x807, 396 KB) Author: User:Emilisha, photo taken in the Scheiterhau forest near Murrhardt, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Binomial name Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) is probably the most well-known salamander species in Europe. ... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... Binomial name Salamandra atra Laurenti, 1768 The Alpine salamander (Salamandra atra) is a shiny black salamander. ... Binomial name Salamandra salamandra (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fire Salamander (Salamandra salamandra) is probably the most well-known salamander species in Europe. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ...

Pliny recounts several other traits which are less credible, such as the ability to extinguish fire with the frigidity of their bodies, a quality which is also reported by Aristotle. While Pliny notes this in Book 10, Chapter 86 of the Natural History, in Book 29, Chapter 23 of the same work he views this idea with skepticism, pointing out that if such an idea were true, it should be easy to demonstrate. He also notes medicinal and poisonous properties, which are founded in fact on some level, since many species of salamander, including fire salamanders and Alpine salamanders, excrete toxic, physiologically active substances. These substances are often excreted when the animal is threatened, which has the effect of deterring predators.[7] The extent of these properties is greatly exaggerated though, with a single salamander being regarded as so toxic that by twining around a tree it could poison the fruit and so kill any who ate them and by falling into a well could slay all who drank from it.[9] Naturalis Historia, 1669 edition, title page. ...

Of all the traits ascribed to salamanders, the ones relating to fire have stood out most prominently in salamander lore. This connection probably originates from a behavior common to many species of salamander, hibernating in and under rotting logs. When wood was brought indoors and put on the fire, the creatures "mysteriously" appeared from the flames. The 16th-century Italian artist Benvenuto Cellini (1500–1571) famously recalled witnessing just such an appearance as a child in his autobiography.[10] According to some writers, the milky substance that a salamander exudes when frightened and which makes its skin very moist gave rise to the idea that the salamander could withstand any heat and even put out fires.[10][11] Gold Salt cellar by Cellini Benvenuto Cellini (November 3, 1500 – February 13, 1571) was an Italian goldsmith, painter, sculptor, soldier and musician of the Renaissance. ...

Early commentators in Europe often grouped "crawling things" (reptiles or reptilia in Latin) together, and thus creatures in this group, which typically included salamanders (Latin salamandrae), dragons (Latin dracones or serpentes), and basilisks (Latin basilisci), were often associated together, as in Conrad Lycosthenes' Prodigiorum ac ostentorum chronicon of 1557.[4] Saint George versus the dragon, Gustave Moreau, c. ... Woodblock print of a basilisk from Ulisse Aldrovandi, Monstrorum historia, 1642 Cityseal of Zwolle from 1295 with Saint-Michael killing a basilisk In European bestiaries and legends, a basilisk (from the Greek βασιλίσκος basiliskos, a little king, in Latin Regulus) is a legendary reptile reputed to be king of serpents and...

The salamander is mentioned in the Talmud (Hagiga 27a) as a creature that is a product of fire, and anyone who is smeared with its blood will be immune to harm from fire. Rashi (1040–1105), the primary commentator on the Talmud, describes the salamander as one which is produced by burning a fire in the same place for seven years. According to Sahih Bukhari (810–870), Muhammad said that salamanders are "mischief-doers" and "should be killed".[12] The first page of the Vilna Edition of the Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Berachot, folio 2a The Talmud (Hebrew: תלמוד) is a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, customs and history. ... Rashi (1040-1105) (Artists imagination) Rashi רשי is a Hebrew acronym for רבי שלמה יצחקי (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzhaqi), (February 22, 1040 – July 13, 1105), a rabbi in France, famed as the author of the first comprehensive commentaries on the Talmud and Tanakh. ... The authentic collection (Arabic: الجامع الصحيح, al-Jaami al-Sahih [1]) or popularly al-Bukharis authentic (Arabic: صحيح البخاري, Sahih al-Bukhari) is one of the Sunni six major Hadith collections (Hadith are oral traditions recounting events in the lives of the Islamic prophet Muhammad ). Sunni view this as their most trusted collection. ... For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). ...

Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) wrote the following on the salamander: "This has no digestive organs, and gets no food but from the fire, in which it constantly renews its scaly skin. The salamander, which renews its scaly skin in the fire,—for virtue." [13] Later, Paracelsus (1493-1541) suggested that the salamander was the elemental of fire,[14] which has had substantial influence on the role of salamanders in the occult. The Mona Lisa Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519) was an Italian polymath: scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, and writer. ... Paracelsus (11 November or 17 December 1493 in Einsiedeln, Switzerland - 24 September 1541) was an alchemist, physician, astrologer, and general occultist. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Early travelers to China were shown garments supposedly woven from salamander hair ot wool; the cloth was completely unharmed by fire. The garments had actually been woven from asbestos.[10][15] According to T. H. White, Prester John had a robe made from it; the "Emperor of India" possessed a suit made from a thousand skins; and Pope Alexander III had a tunic which he valued highly.[9] William Caxton (1481) wrote: "This Salemandre berithe wulle, of which is made cloth and gyrdles that may not brenne in the fyre." [9] Holme (1688) wrote: "...I have several times put [salamander hair] in the Fire and made it red hot and after taken it out, which being cold, yet remained perfect wool." [9][11] Tweed loom, Harris, 2004 Woven sheet Weaving is an ancient textile art and craft that involves placing two sets of threads or yarn made of fiber called the warp and weft of the loom and turning them into cloth. ... Fibrous asbestos on muscovite Asbestos Asbestos Asbestos (a misapplication of Latin: asbestos quicklime from Greek : a, not and sbestos, extinguishable) describes any of a group of minerals that can be fibrous, many of which are metamorphic and are hydrous magnesium silicates. ... Preste enthroned on a map of East Africa in an atlas prepared for Queen Mary, 1558. ... Alexander III, né Orlando Bandinelli (c. ... The printers device of William Caxton, 1478. ...

An alternative interpretation was that this material was a kind of silk: A twelfth-century letter supposedly from Prester John says, "Our realm yields the worm known as the salamander. Salamanders live in fire and make cocoons, which our court ladies spin and use to weave cloth and garments. To wash and clean these fabrics, they throw them into flames."[16] Friar also notes that Marco Polo believed that the "true" salamander was an incombustible substance found in the earth.[11] Silk dresses Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles. ... Cocoon has a number of meanings. ... Marco Polo (September 15, 1254 – January 8, 1324) was a Venetian trader and explorer who gained fame for his worldwide travels, recorded in the book Il Milione (The Million or The Travels of Marco Polo). ...

Heraldry, symbolism, and allusion

Arms of Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council: "... in base a Salamander reguardant fitted proper..."

In early heraldry, the salamander was depicted as somewhat like a short-legged dog, surrounded by fire;[11] more recently it is depicted as a lizard or a natural salamander, but still amidst flames. In the arms of Le Clei shown as vomissant des flammes ("vomiting flames") as well. It is often tinctured vert (green) but can be of any other colour or metal.[17] Arms of Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. ... Arms of Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... For a list of words with definitions, see the Heraldic tincture category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary In heraldry, tinctures are the colours used to blazon a coat of arms. ... In heraldry, vert is the name of a tincture, more or less the equivalent of the colour green. It is one of the five dark tinctures (colours). ...

The salamander became a symbol of enduring faith which triumphs over the fires of passion. It was the badge of Francis I of France, with the motto, "I nourish [the good] and extinguish [the bad]."[11] It appears in the arms of Le Havre and Fontainebleau. Francis I (François Ier in French) (September 12, 1494 – March 31, 1547), called the Father and Restorer of Letters (le Père et Restaurateur des Lettres), was crowned King of France in 1515 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until 1547. ... Le Havre is a city in Normandy, northern France, on the English Channel, at the mouth of the Seine. ... Location within France Fontainebleau is a commune in the metropolitan area of Paris, France. ...

The salamander became the traditional emblem of the smith, and thus appears in a number of civic arms to symbolise local metal-working industries. It appears in the arms of Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council (right), as well as the old County Borough Council. [18][19] In the crest of the arms of Spennymoor Town Council, the Shafto family's salamander also holds a sword to represent the local steel industry.[20] The Metropolitan borough of Dudley is a metropolitan borough in the West Midlands of England. ... Statistics Population: 17,241 (2001) [1] Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: NZ261340 Administration District: Sedgefield Shire county: County Durham Region: North East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: County Durham Historic county: County Durham Services Police force: Durham Constabulary Ambulance service: North East Post office...

Some insurance companies use the salamander in their arms, a clear reference to its fire-fighting attributes.[11] In this sense, the salamander also lent its name to the Alvis Salamander airport crash tender. In Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451, the salamander and the phoenix were the symbols of the firemen (although in this case these were book burners rather than firefighters). Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ... The Alvis Salamander FV651/652 Fire Crash Tender is an Airport Crash Tender with off-road capabilities, developed in 1956. ... An airport crash tender at the Helsinki-Vantaa Airport in Finland (click the picture for more information). ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... Fahrenheit 451 is a dystopian soft science fiction novel by Ray Bradbury that was published in 1953. ... The phoenix from the Aberdeen Bestiary. ... Book burning is the practice of ceremoniously destroying by fire one or more copies of a book or other written material. ... It has been suggested that Firefighter Assist and Search Team be merged into this article or section. ...

The name salamander has been attached to heaters, ovens and the like in allusion to the firey nature of the legendary salamander. A variety of portable forced-air or convection heaters are called salamander heaters or just salamanders. A salamander is also a kind of small broiler/grill, most frequently found in a professional kitchen, used to finish off dishes, such as caramelizing the sugar on a crème brûlée. This is also called a salamander oven, a salamander broiler/grill, or - more prosaically - a cheesemelter. [21] The name is also give to a kitchen tool of similar purpose, consisting of a long iron rod with a cast-iron disk at one end and a wooden handle at the other; the disk is heated over a burner until red-hot and then used to brown the top of foods. Convection in the most general terms refers to the internal movement of currents within fluids (i. ... A Salamander heater is any of a variety of portable forced-air or convection heaters, often kerosene-fueled, used in ventilated areas for worksite comfort. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Broiling Broiling is a process of cooking food with high heat with the heat applied directly to the food, most commonly from above. ... Crème brûlée Crème brûlée (French for burnt cream; IPA: in English, in French) is a dessert consisting of a rich custard base topped with a layer of hard caramel, created by burning sugar under a grill or other intense heat source. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ...

Popular culture

References to the legendary salamander in popular culture - in fiction (especially fantasy fiction), role-playing and video games, animation, and so on - can be categorized in three ways: as a fantastic (sometimes magical) beast with an affinity with fire, as a true fire elemental,[22] and allusions to the salamander's firey nature. Smaug in his lair: an illustration for the fantasy The Hobbit Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ...

Fantastic beasts

  • In C.S. Lewis's Narnia novel The Silver Chair (1953), salamanders are said to be very wise creatures that live in the flames of Bism and speak to the gnome-like Earthmen there.
  • In Piers Anthony's Xanth novel A Spell for Chameleon (1977), salamanders are lizards who breathe magical fire.
  • In Terry Pratchett's Discworld series, salamanders are used by iconographers to create the flash for their pictures.
  • Salamanders appear as magical beasts in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter series (1997-2007).
  • In Emily Gee's novel The Thief With No Shadow (2007), salamanders are humanoid fire-breathing troglodytes with blood-red skin, (figuratively) flaming eyes, spiny crests, and snake-like tails: "Not lizard, not man, but something else."
  • In the RuneScape MMORPG, salamanders can be caught and used as weapons that shoot fire.
  • Throughout the entire Final Fantasy media franchise, salamanders can be found as fire-breathing enemies.
  • In the World of Warcraft MMORPG, the salamander (beast) is a monstrous reptilian quadruped with a fiery breath weapon, reaching about 40 feet long and weighing close to 4,000 pounds.[23] Compare salamander (elemental), below.
  • In the tabletop fantasy wargame Warhammer Fantasy Battle, a salamander is a giant, predatory amphibian that inhabits jungle swamps and estuaries and can vomit a fiery venom.
  • In the tabletop space opera wargame Warhammer 40,000, the Salamanders are a chapter of the Imperium's Space Marines, named for the lizards native to their volcanic homeworld, themselves named for the legendary salamander.
  • In the Pokémon media franchise, Charmander is a salamander-like Pokémon with some of the firey characteristics of the legendary salamander.
  • In the Age of Wonders PC game, a salamander is a type of Lizardman that is born once in a generation. It is "born of fire" and delights in lighting things ablaze. Lizardmen hate and fear fire, and think of salamanders as outcasts. However, the salamanders are still fiercely loyal to their lizardmen brethren, and will fight for them in battle.
See also 
Reptilian humanoids in fiction

Clive Staples Lewis (November 29, 1898 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to as C. S. Lewis, was an author and scholar. ... Narnia is a fantasy world created by C. S. Lewis as a location for his Chronicles of Narnia, a series of seven fantasy novels for children. ... The Silver Chair is part of The Chronicles of Narnia, a series of seven fantasy novels written by C.S. Lewis. ... In the Chronicles of Narnia the British author C.S. Lewis creates several countries, one of them being Bism. ... GNOME is an international effort within the GNU Project to build an eponymous desktop environment entirely out of free software. ... Earthmen are inhabitants of the Narnian realm of Underland who originate from Bism. ... Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob (born August 6, 1934 in Oxford, England) is a writer in the science fiction and fantasy genres, publishing under the name Piers Anthony. ... Xanth is a fantasy world created by author Piers Anthony for a series of novels. ... The first Xanth novel by Piers Anthony. ... Terence David John Pratchett OBE (born April 28, 1948, in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England[1]) is an English fantasy author, best known for his Discworld series. ... // This article is about the novels. ... Photography [fÓ™tÉ‘grÓ™fi:],[foÊŠtÉ‘grÓ™fi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or sensor. ... Magical creatures comprise a colourful and integral aspect of the magical world in the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling. ... Joanne Rowling OBE (born 31 July 1965[1]) is an English fiction writer who writes under the pen name J. K. Rowling. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Look up troglodyte in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... RuneScape is a Java-based MMORPG operated by Jagex Ltd. ... An image from World of Warcraft, one of the largest commercial MMORPGs as of 2004, based on active subscriptions. ... For the first installment in the series, see Final Fantasy (video game). ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ... It has been suggested that Armies of warhammer be merged into this article or section. ... Classic pulp space opera cover, with the usual cliché elements. ... This article is about the tabletop miniature wargame and the fictional universe in which it is set. ... The Salamanders are a Chapter of Space Marines in the tabletop miniature wargame and fictional universe of Warhammer 40,000. ... The current Space Marine sourcebook cover The Space Marines are one of the major forces available in the table-top wargame Warhammer 40,000. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... The official Pokémon logo. ... Charmander , Hitokage in original Japanese language versions) is one of the 493 fictional species of Pokémon creatures from the Pokémon media franchise. ... Suborders Cryptobranchoidea Salamandroidea Sirenoidea Salamander is the common name applied to approximately 500 amphibians with slender bodies, short legs, and long tails. ... Age of Wonders is a turn-based strategy PC-game often likened to Master of Magic. ... Sleestak from Land of the Lost Reptilian humanoids are a common theme in fiction, whether fantasy or science fiction. ...

Fire elementals

  • In Poul Anderson's short story "Operation Salamander" (1956), fire elementals appear as lizard-shapes hidden in flame.
  • In the Mercedes Lackey's Elemental Masters series (1995-2005), salamanders are portrayed as lesser fire elementals.
  • In Dungeons & Dragons, salamanders are serpentine beings who dwell in metal cities in the Elemental Plane of Fire. [24]
  • In the Secret of Mana video game, the elemental of fire, Salamando, takes its name, properties and appearance from the legendary salamander.
  • In the World of Warcraft MMORPG, the salamander (elemental) is the flame-loving cousin of the fire elemental, originating from the Firelands on the Elemental Plane.[23] Compare salamander (beast), above.
  • In the Castlevania: Circle of the Moon video game, Nathan can summon Salamander to provide him with fire-elemental magic.
  • In the Nintendo DS Lost Magic game, the Salamander is one of the four elementals, found in Blaze Lake; attacks using fireballs.
See also
Elementals in fiction

Poul William Anderson (November 25, 1926–July 31, 2001) was an American science fiction author of the genres Golden Age. ... Mercedes Lackey Mercedes Lackey (born June 24, 1950) (also known as Misty Lackey) is a prolific American author of fantasy novels. ... Elemental Masters is a fantasy series written by Mercedes Lackey, They focus on people who have magic over air, water, fire, or earth. ... Dungeons & Dragons (abbreviated as D&D or DnD) is a fantasy role-playing game (RPG) currently published by Wizards of the Coast. ... (For both the animal and the mythological creature, see: Salamander) In the Dungeons and Dragons fantasy role-playing game, the salamander is an outsider from the Elemental Plane of fire. ... Secret of Mana, known in Japan as Seiken Densetsu 2 , lit. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ... Castlevania: Circle of the Moon is a video game created by Konami for the Nintendo Game Boy Advance system. ... “NDS” redirects here. ... Lost Magic is a simulation RPG for the Nintendo DS system. ... This article is about elementals in alchemy. ... Elementals are a common theme in fantasy fiction. ...


  • In the BattleTech franchise, the Salamander is a Clan anti-battlemech and anti-infantry battle armor that utilizes a flamethrower-type weapon in conjunction with incendiary missiles.
  • In the second and third installments of the games in the Mega Man: Battle Network series, a player with a style aligned with fire can harness the power of fire and sent a great flame in the shape of the creature flying at the enemy, a powerful attack known as the Salamander.
  • In the manga/anime Fullmetal Alchemist, Colonel Roy Mustang, known as the Flame Alchemist has a salamander depicted on the transmutation circle on his gloves. While wearing the gloves, with a snap of his fingers, he can set anything ablaze.
  • In the anime Digimon Frontier, Kanbara Takuya's human evolution Agnimon has three attacks, two of which are Salamander Break and Burning Salamander. In addition, Takuya's theme song is "Salamander", performed by Takeuchi Junko.
  • Jethro Tull's song "Salamander", from Too Old to Rock 'n' Roll: Too Young to Die!, contains several allusions in its lyrics; for example: "born in the sun-kissed flame" and "burn for me and I'll burn for you".

BattleTech is a wargaming and science fiction franchise, launched by FASA Corporation and currently owned by WizKids. ... Riverboat of the U.S. Brownwater Navy shooting ignited napalm from its mounted flamethrower during the Vietnam war. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Manga )   (pl. ... The main cast of the anime Cowboy Bebop (1998) (L to R: Spike Spiegel, Jet Black, Ed Tivrusky, Faye Valentine, and Ein the dog) For the oleo-resin, see Animé (oleo-resin). ... Serialized in Monthly Shonen Gangan Original run February 2002 – still running No. ... Original run April 7, 2002 – March 30, 2003 No. ... A promotional image of Takuya Kanbara Takuya Kanbara (神原 拓也 Kanbara Takuya) is the main character in the fictional series Digimon Frontier. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


  1. ^ Manly P. Hall, The Secret Teachings of All Ages: An Encyclopedic Outline of Masonic, Hermetic, Qabbalistic and Rosicrucian Symbolical Philosophy, (original publisher unclear-see [1] for on-line text), (1928).
  2. ^ Renate Freitag-Stadler and Erhard Schön, Die Welt von Hans Sachs, City History Museum of Nuremberg, 1976, p. 24 (Kat. 25/15)
  3. ^ Florence McCulloch, Medieval Latin and French Bestiaries Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1962, pp.161-162
  4. ^ a b Conrad Lycosthenes, Prodigiorum ac ostentorum chronicon, 1557
  5. ^ "sicut salamandrae, animal lacertae figura, stellatum, numquam nisi magnis imbribus proveniens et serenitate desinens"
  6. ^ Pliny the Elder, The Natural History, J. Bostock and H.T. Riley, eds., London: Taylor and Francis, 1855. Translation slightly modified.
  7. ^ a b *Arie van der Meijden (1999-12-30). AmphibiaWeb: Salamandra atra.
  8. ^ *Sergius L. Kuzmin (1999-10-06). AmphibiaWeb: Salamandra salamandra.
  9. ^ a b c d White, T. H. (1992 (1954)). The Book of Beasts: Being a Translation From a Latin Bestiary of the Twelfth Century. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 183-184. ISBN 075090206X. 
  10. ^ a b c Thomas Bulfinch (1913). Age of Fable: Vols. I & II: Stories of Gods and Heroes: XXXVI. e. The Salamander
  11. ^ a b c d e f Friar, Stephen (1987). A New Dictionary of Heraldry. London: Alphabooks/A & C Black, 300. ISBN 0906670446. 
  12. ^ Sahih Bukhari 4:54:525-526
  13. ^ Book XX: Humorous Writings, The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci, edited by Jean Paul Richter, 1880. (online) (unconfirmed)
  14. ^ Theophrast von Hohenheim a.k.a. Paracelsus, Sämtliche Werke: Abt. 1, v. 14, sec. 7, Liber de nymphis, sylphis, pygmaeis et salamandris et de caeteris spiritibus. Karl Sudhoff and Wilh. Matthießen, eds. Munich:Oldenbourg, 1933.
  15. ^ Clare Browne, "Salamander's Wool: The Historical Evidence for Textiles Woven with Asbestos Fibre", Textile History, Volume 34, Number 1, May 2003, pp. 64-73(10) (abstract)
  16. ^ Borges, Jorge Luis (1967; English language edition 1969). El libro de los seres imaginarios (The Book of Imaginary Beings). : The Salamander
  17. ^ von Volborth, Carl-Alexander (1981). Heraldry: Customs, Rules and Styles. Poole: New Orchard Editions, 44. ISBN 185079037X. 
  18. ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales: West Midlands
  19. ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales: Worcestershire (Obsolete)
  20. ^ Civic Heraldry of England and Wales: Durham
  21. ^ See, for example, Jean's Restaurant Supply.
  22. ^ Langford, David. (1997). "Elementals". The Encyclopedia of Fantasy: 313-314. Ed. Grant, John, and Clute, John. London: Orbit/Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 1857233689. 
  23. ^ a b Salamander - WoWWiki, the Warcraft wiki
  24. ^ Williams, Skip; Tweet, Jonathan; and Cook, Monte (2003). Monster Manual: Core Rulebook III v.3.5. Renton: Wizards of the Coast, 218-219. ISBN 078692893X.  (d20 open content)



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