FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Sakha Republic
Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (English)
Республика Саха (Якутия) (Russian)
Саха Республиката (Sakha)
Image:RussiaSakha2007-01.png
Location of the Sakha Republic in Russia
Coat of Arms Flag

Coat of arms of the Sakha Republic

Flag of the Sakha Republic
Anthem: National Anthem of the Sakha Republic
Capital Yakutsk
Established April 27, 1922
Political status
Federal district
Economic region
Republic
Far Eastern
Far Eastern
Code 14
Area
Area
- Rank
3,103,200 km²
1st
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
- Urban
- Rural
949,280 inhabitants
58th
0.3 inhab. / km²
64.3%
35.7%
Official languages Russian, Sakha
Government
President Vyacheslav Shtyrov
Chairman of the Government Yegor Borisov
Legislative body State Assembly (Il Tumen)
Constitution Constitution (Basic Law) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Official website
http://www.sakha.gov.ru/

The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Саха́ (Яку́тия); Sakha: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct romanization of the republic's name is Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya) in Russian and Sakha Respublikata in Sakha. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... The Dannebrog, national flag of Denmark. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Sakha_(Yakutia). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sakha. ... Flag of Sakha The white disc represents the northern sun. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... Far Eastern Federal District (Russian: Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Far Eastern economic region (Russian: ; tr. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... Sakha, or Yakut, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov (born 1953) is the president of the Russian republic of Sakha. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... A Web site (or colloquially, Website) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP... Sakha, or Yakut, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on popular consent and whose governance is based on popular representation and control. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

Contents

Geography

Sakha stretches to the Henrietta Islands in the far north and is washed by the Laptev and Eastern Siberian Seas of the Arctic Ocean. These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas in the northern hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9-10 months of the year. New Siberian Islands are a part of the republic's territory. After Nunavut was separated from Canada's Northwest Territories, Sakha became the largest subnational entity (statoid) in the world, with an area of 3,103,200 km² Chukotka Autonomous Okrug (Russian: , transliteration: Chukotsky avtonomny okrug; Chukchi: Чукоткакэн автономныкэн округ), or Chukotka (), is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug) located in the Far Eastern Federal District. ... Magadan Oblast (Russian: , Magadanskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), in the Far Eastern Federal District. ... Khabarovsk Krai (Russian: ) (1995 pop. ... Administrative center Blagoveshchensk Area - total - % water Ranked 14th - 363,700 km² - Population - Total - Density Ranked 59th - est. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... Evenk Autonomous Okrug (Russian: ), or Evenkia, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Krasnoyarsk Krai). ... Taymyr Autonomous Okrug (Russian: ), or Taymyria, is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Krasnoyarsk Krai), the northernmost in mainland Russia (and thus Asia). ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... East Siberian Sea (Russian: ) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... Henrietta Island (Остров Генриетты in Russian) is one of the islands of the De Long Islands archipelago in the East Siberian Sea, discovered in 1881 by the Jeannette expedition, commanded by Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong, USN. Area: 12 km². The highest point of the island is 315 m. ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... East Siberian Sea (Russian: ) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова), an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Government - Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson - Premier Paul Okalik (Consensus government) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) - Senate seats 1 (Willie Adams) Confederation... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, TłįchÇ« [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870... This is a list of the largest subnational entities by area (including surface water) in square kilometres. ... A Statoid is a major administrative division of a state, as defined by Gwillim Law in Administrative Subdivisions of Countries ISBN 0-7864-0729-8. ...


Sakha can be divided into three great vegetation belts. About 40% of Sakha lies above the Arctic circle and all of it is covered by permafrost which greatly influences the region's ecology and limits forests in the southern region. Arctic and subarctic tundra define the middle region, where lichen and moss grow as great green carpets and are favorite pastures for reindeer. In the southern part of the tundra belt, scattered stands of dwarf Siberian pine and larch grow along the rivers. Below the tundra is the vast taiga forest region. Larch trees dominate in the north and, in the south, stands of fir and pine begin to appear. Taiga forests cover about 47% of Sakha and almost 90% of this cover is larch. World map showing the Arctic Circle in red A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. ... In geology, permafrost or permafrost soil is a thermal condition where ground material stays at or below 0°C for two or more years. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) Reindeer map The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ... Binomial name Pinus sibirica The Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine tree that occurs in Siberia from 58°E in the Ural Mountains east to 126°E in the Stanovoy Khrebet mountains in southern Sakha Republic, and from Igarka at 68°N in the lower... Species About 12; see text Siberian larch Male (above) and female (below right) cones of Japanese Larch emerging in spring Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, in the family Pinaceae. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ...


Time zones

Sakha spans three different time zones:

  1. Yakutsk Time Zone (YAKT/YAKST). UTC offset is +0900 (YAKT)/+1000 (YAKST). Covers the republic's territory to the west of the Lena River as well as the territories of uluses located on the both sides of the Lena River.
  2. Vladivostok Time Zone (VLAT/VLAST). UTC offset is +1000 (VLAT)/+1100 (VLAST). Covers most of the republic's territory located between 127°E and 140°E longitude.
  3. Magadan Time Zone (MAGT/MAGST). UTC offset is +1100 (MAGT)/+1200 (MAGST). Covers most of the republic's territory located east of 140°E longitude.

Image File history File links RTZ8. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precison atomic time standard. ... The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... An ulus (Russian: ; Sakha: улуус) is a type of administrative division of the Sakha Republic, Russia. ... Image File history File links RTZ9. ... Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ (lambda),[1][2] describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Image File history File links RTZ10. ...

Rivers

Navigable Lena River (4,310 km), as it moves northward, includes hundreds of small tributaries located in the Verkhoyansk Range. Other major rivers include: Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1228x1818, 308 KB) Blick auf die Amga in Jakutien (Russland) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sakha Republic Amga River User:Edward/Images ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1228x1818, 308 KB) Blick auf die Amga in Jakutien (Russland) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sakha Republic Amga River User:Edward/Images ... Amga River (Амга in Russian) is a river in Yakutia (Russia). ... The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Verkhoyansk Range (also Cherskiy Range) is a mountain chain of eastern Siberia, spanning ca. ...

The Vilyuy River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... The Olenyok River (Оленёк, sometimes spelled Olenek) is a major river in northern Siberian Russia. ... The Aldan River is the second-longest tributary of the Lena River in eastern Siberia. ... The Kolyma River (Колыма́) is a river in northeastern Siberia, whose basin covers parts of the Republic of Sakha, Chukotka, and Magadan oblast. ... The Indigirka River (Индигирка in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia. ... The Olyokma River or Olekma River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... The Yana River (Яна in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia, located between the Lena to the west and the Indigirka to the east. ... Alazeya River (Russian: Алазея) is a river in the northeastern part of Yakutia, Russia. ... Amga River (Амга in Russian) is a river in Yakutia (Russia). ... The Anabar River is a river in Sakha, Russia, located just west of the Lena River. ... Maya River (Майя, Мая in Russian) is a river in the Khabarovsk Krai and Yakutia, Russia. ... Muna (Russian: ) is a 45 km long river in the southwestern part on the Kola Peninsula, Murmansk Oblast, Russia. ... Nyuya River (Russian: Нюя) is a river in Yakutia, Russia. ... Tyung River (Russian: Тюнг) is a river in Yakutia, Russia. ...

Lakes

There are over 700 lakes in the republic. Major lakes and reservoirs include:

  • Mogotoyevo Lake
  • Nedzheli Lake
  • Nerpichye Lake
  • Vilyuyskoye Reservoir

Mountains

Sakha's greatest mountain range, the Verkhoyansk Range, runs parallel and east of the Lena River, forming a great arc that begins the Sea of Okhotsk and ends in the Laptev Sea. The Verkhoyansk Range (also Cherskiy Range) is a mountain chain of eastern Siberia, spanning ca. ... Map of the Sea of Okhotsk. ...


The Chersky Range runs east of the Verkhoyansk Range and has the highest peak in Sakha, Peak Pobeda (3,003 m). Recent satellite photos, however, revealed that Peak Mus-Khaya may in fact be a higher point, reaching 3,011 m. The Chersky Range is a chain of mountains in northeastern Siberia. ...


Further east lie the gold-rich Kolyma Mountains, which stretch all the way to Chukotka. GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ...


The Stanovoi Range borders Sakha in the south. The Stanovoi Range (Russian: Станово́й хребе́т), also spelled as Stanovoy Range, is a mountain range located in southeastern parts of the Russian Far East. ...

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 3296 KB) Photo of Uadachnaia Pipe from helikopter. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3264x2448, 3296 KB) Photo of Uadachnaia Pipe from helikopter. ... View of the Udachnaya open pit. ...

Natural resources

Sakha is well endowed with raw materials. The soil contains large reserves of oil, gas, coal, diamonds, gold, and silver. 99% of all Russian diamonds are mined in Sakha, accounting for over 25% of the world's diamond production. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Coal Coal (IPA: ) is a fossil fuel formed in swamp ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about the gemstone. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Standard atomic weight 107. ...


Climate

Sakha is known for its climate extremes, with the Verkhoyansk Range being the coldest area in the northern hemisphere. The Northern Hemisphere's Pole of Cold is at Oymyakon, where the temperatures reached as low as −72.2°C in January of 1926. The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and about 88-90% of the human population. ... The Poles of Cold are the places in the Northern and Southern hemispheres where the lowest air temperature was recorded. ... Oymyakon in Russia Oymyakon (Russian: ) is a village (selo) in Oymyakonsky Ulus of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located along the Indigirka River. ...

  • Average January temperature: −28°C (coast) to −50°C (other territories).
  • Average July temperature: +2°C (coast) to +19°C (central parts).
  • Average annual precipitation: 200 mm (central parts) to 700 mm (mountains of Eastern Sakha).

Administrative divisions

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction Yakutsk (Якутск) (capital) Settlements under the citys jurisdiction: Kangalassy (Кангалассы) Magan (Маган) Markha (Марха) Tabaga (Табага) Zhatay (Жатай) with 4 naslegs under the jurisdiction of the city. ...

Demographics

The official languages are both Russian and Sakha, also known as Yakut, which is spoken by approximately 25% of the population.
The Yakut language is Turkic with Mongolian influence and some borrowings from Sakha's Paleosiberian indigenous peoples. Sakha, or Yakut, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe to Siberia and Western China with an estimated 140 million native speakers and tens of millions of second-language speakers. ... Paleosiberian (Palaeosiberian, Paleo-Siberian) languages or Paleoasian languages (from Greek palaios, ancient) is a term of convenience used in linguistics to classify a disparate group of languages spoken in remote regions of Siberia. ...

  • Population: 949,280 (2002)
    • Urban: 609,999 (64.3%)
    • Rural: 339,281 (35.7%)
    • Male: 464,217 (48.9%)
    • Female: 485,063 (51.1%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,045
  • Average age: 30.0 years
    • Urban: 31.0 years
    • Rural: 27.4 years
    • Male: 30.0 years
    • Female: 26.6 years
  • Number of households: 305,017 (with 937,954 people)
    • Urban: 212,593 (with 600,696 people)
    • Rural: 92,424 (with 337,258 people)
  • Vital statistics: (2005)
    • Births: 13,591 (birth rate 14.3)
    • Deaths: 9,696 (death rate 10.2)
  • Ethnic groups: According to the 2002 Census the national composition is • 432,290 Yakuts (45.54%), • 390,617 Russians(41.15%), • 34,633 Ukrainians (3.65%), • 18,232 Evenks (1.92%), • 11,657 Evens (1.23%), • 10,755 Tatars (1.13%), • 7,266 Buriats (0.77%), • 4,236 Belarusans (0.45%), • 2,764 Armenians (0.29%), • 2,355 Bashkirs (0.25%), • 2,293 Azeris (0.24%), • 2,283 ethnic Germans (0.24%), • 2,255 Moldovans (0.24%), • 2,072 Mordovians (0.22%), • 1,815 Koreans (0.19%), • 1,700 Chuvash (0.18%), • 1,454 Kirgiz (0.15%), • 1,272 Dolgins (0.13%), • 1,272 Uzbeks (0.13%), • 1,105 Tajiks (0.12%), • 1,097 Yukagirs (0.12%), • 1,000 Ingush (0.11%), and other groups of less than one thousand persons each. (0.28% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire.)[1]
    Historical population figures are shown below:
census 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002
Yakuts 233,273 (56.5%) 226,053 (46.4%) 285,749 (43.0%) 313,917 (36.9%) 365,236 (33.4%) 432,290 (45.5%)
Dolgans 10 (0.0%) 64 (0.0%) 408 (0.0%) 1,272 (0.1%)
Evenks 10,432 (2.5%) 9,505 (2.0%) 9,097 (1.4%) 11,584 (1.4%) 14,428 (1.3%) 18,232 (1.9%)
Evens 3,133 (0.8%) 3,537 (0.7%) 6,471 (1.0%) 5,763 (0.7%) 8,668 (0.8%) 11,657 (1.2%)
Yukaghir 267 (0.1%) 285 (0.1%) 400 (0.1%) 526 (0.1%) 697 (0.1%) 1,097 (0.1%)
Chukchis 400 (0.1%) 325 (0.1%) 387 (0.1%) 377 (0.0%) 473 (0.0%) 602 (0.1%)
Russians 146,741 (35.5%) 215,328 (44.2%) 314,308 (47.3%) 429,588 (50.4%) 550,263 (50.3%) 390,671 (41.2%)
Ukrainians 4,229 (1.0%) 12,182 (2.5%) 20,253 (3.0%) 46,326 (5.4%) 77,114 (7.0%) 34,633 (3.6%)
Others 14,723 (3.6%) 20,128 (4.1%) 27,448 (4.1%) 43,695 (5.1%) 76,778 (7.0%) 58,826 (6.2%)

Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... The Evenks or Evenki (obsolete: Tungus or Tunguz, autonym: Эвэнки, Evenki) are a nomadic Tungusic people of Northern Asia. ... The Evens or Eveny (formerly known as the Lamuts a term meaning ocean people in Even) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. ... Tatars (Tatar: Tatarlar/Татарлар), sometimes spelled Tartar (more about the name), is a collective name applied to the Turkic speaking people of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. ... The Buryats, numbering approximately 436,000, are the largest ethnic minority group in Siberia and are mainly concentrated in their homeland, the Buryat Republic, a federal subject of Russia. ... Belarusians or Belarusans (Belarusian: , previously also spelled Belarussians, Byelorussians and Belorussians) are an East Slavic ethnic group who populate the majority of the Republic of Belarus and form minorities in neighboring Poland (especially in the former Bialystok province), Russia, Lithuania and Ukraine. ... The Bashkirs, a Turkic people, live in Russia, mostly in the republic of Bashkortostan. ... Aside from a large Azeri community that is native to Russias Dagestan Republic, the majority of Azeris in Russia are fairly recent immigrants. ... Ethnic Germans (usually simply called Germans, in German Volksdeutsche) are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be ethnically German rather than anything else but who do not live within the Federal Republic of Germany nor hold its citizenship. ... The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Volgaic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ... The Chuvash are a bunch of pakis . ... Kirghiz (also Kyrgyz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... Languages Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajik) Religions Islam (predominantly Sunni) Related ethnic groups Other Iranian peoples TājÄ«k (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Cyrillic: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Юкагиры in Russian; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... The Ingush are a people of the northern Caucasus, mostly inhabiting the Russian republic of Ingushetia. ... Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... The Dolgans (Russian: ; self-designation: долган, тыа-кихи, саха) are a Turkic people, who inhabit Taymyr Autonomous Okrug in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. ... The Evenks or Evenki (obsolete: Tungus or Tunguz, autonym: Эвэнки, Evenki) are a nomadic Tungusic people of Northern Asia. ... The Evens or Eveny (formerly known as the Lamuts a term meaning ocean people in Even) (Эвены in Russian) are a people in Siberia and the Russian Far East. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Russian: ; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... Chukchi, or chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ...

History

The Sakha arrived relatively recently in 13th century to their current geographical area from Central Asia. They are heterogeneous of Turkic and Mongolian origin. They conquered the indigenous hunter-gatherer tribes and began to call themselves "Sakha", the origin of which is not clear, therefore much debated. [2] The Evenki referred to the Sakha as "Yako" and this term was adopted by the Russians when they began arriving in the region in the early 17th century. Tygyn, a king of the Khangalassky Yakuts, granted territory for Russian settlement in return for military pact that included war against indigenous rebels of all North Eastern Asia (Magadan, Chukotka, Kamchatka and Sakhalin). King of Mengeler-Khangalastar Yakuts, Kull began a Sakha conspiracy by allowing his relative Tygyn to enter into tricky pact with Russians in plan to conquer all of North Eastern Asia in centuries to come. The Lensky Ostrog (Fort Lensky), the future city of Yakutsk, was founded by Pyotr Beketov, a Cossack, on September 25, 1632 (the date of the first stockade construction). In August of 1638, the Moscow Government formed a new administrative unit with the administrative center of Lensky Ostrog, which cemented the town's ascendancy in the territory. This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... The term Evenki may refer to Evenks people Evenk language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Ottoman Empire. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ...


Russians established agriculture in the Lena River basin. The members of religious groups who were exiled to Sakha in the second half of the 19th century began to grow wheat, oats, and potatoes. The fur trade established a cash economy. Industry and transport began to develop at the end of the 19th century and in the beginning of the Soviet period. This was also the beginning of geological prospecting, mining, and local lead production. The first steam-powered ships and barges arrived. The Lena (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 For the indie rock group see: Wheat (band). ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, commonly grown for its starchy tuber. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... This article is about mineral extraction. ... For Pb as an abbreviation, see PB. General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ...


On April 27, 1922 former "Yakolskaya land" was proclaimed the Yakut ASSR, and in 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, it was recognized in Moscow as the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ...


Politics

The head of government in Sakha is the President. The first President of Sakha was Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev. As of 2007, the president is Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov, who was elected on January 27, 2002. Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov (born 1953) is the president of the Russian republic of Sakha. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


The supreme legislative body of state authority in Sakha is a bicameral State Assembly known as the Il Tumen. The government of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic is the executive body of state authority.


Economy

Industry generates slightly above 50%[citation needed] of the gross national product of Sakha, stemming primarily from mineral exploitation. Industrial enterprises are concentrated in the capital Yakutsk, as well as in Aldan, Mirny, Neryungri, Pokrovsk, and Udachny. The diamond, gold and tin ore mining industries are the major focus of the economy. Uranium ore is beginning to be mined. Turkic-language Sakha are in Tengrianism religion, politics, government, finance, economy and cattle-breeding (horses for sport and cows for milk and meat). The Paleoasian indigenous peoples are hunters, fishermen, and reindeer herders. Measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate the value of goods and services produced in an economy. ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... Aldan is a town in Yakutia, Russia. ... Mirny (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 820 km west of Yakutsk on the Irelyakh River (Vilyuys basin) at . Population: 39,981 (2002 Census); 38,793 (1989 Census). ... Neryungri (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia. ... Pokrovsk (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 70 km south of Yakutsk on the Lena River at . Population: 10,092 (2002 Census). ... Udachny (Russian: ) is a town in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 1,370 km north-west of Yakutsk on the Markha River at . Population: 15,698 (2002 Census). ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) Reindeer map The reindeer, known as caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ...


Transportation

Water transport ranks first for cargo turnover. There are six river ports, two sea ports (Tiksi and Zelyony Mys). Four shipping companies, including the Arctic Sea Shipping Company, operate in the republic. Tiksi Tiksi, on the Laptev Sea, Arctic Ocean Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Tiksi is a port town located on Russias Arctic Ocean coast. ...


Air transport is the most important for transporting people. Airlines connect the republic with most regions of Russia. Yakutsk airport has an international terminal.


Two federal roads pass the republic. They are Yakutsk—Bolshoy Never and Yakutsk—Kolyma. The Berkakit—Aldan railroad is currently in operation. It links the Baikal Amur Mainline with the industrial centers in South Sakha. Aldan is a town in Yakutia, Russia. ... Baikal-Amur Magistral in green; Trans-Siberian line in red The Baikal-Amur Mainline (Russian Байкало-Амурская Магистраль, Baikalo-Amurskaya Magistral’, BAM) is a railway line in Russia. ...


Education

The most important facilities of higher education include Yakut State University and Yakut State Agricultural Academy.


Religion

Before the arrival of the Russian Empire, the majority of the population believed in the sun-worship Tengrianism common to Turkic-language people of Central Asia, or in Paleoasian indigenous shamanism with both 'light' (community leading) and 'dark' (healing through spirit journey) shamans. Under the Russians, the population was putatively converted to the Russian Orthodox Church and required to take Orthodox Christian names, but in practice generally continued to follow traditional religions. During the Soviet era, most or all of the shamans died without successors. Currently there is interest and activity toward renewing the traditional religions. A diagram of the Tengriist World view on a Shamans Drum [1] [2]. The World-tree is growing in the centre and connecting the three Worlds Underworld, Middleworld and Upperworld. ... A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


Miscellaneous

This is a list of the largest country subdivisions by area (including surface water) in square kilometres. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Government - Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson - Premier Paul Okalik (Consensus government) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) - Senate seats 1 (Willie Adams) Confederation... Motto: none Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Official languages Chipewyan, Cree, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, TłįchÇ« [1] Government - Commissioner Tony Whitford - Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 - Senate seats 1 Confederation 1870... “Lenin” redirects here. ... G. V. Plekhanov Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (Георгий Валентинович Плеханов) (December 11, 1856 – May 30, 1918; Old Style: November 29, 1856 – May 17, 1918) was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician. ... The Volga, widely viewed as the national river of Russia, flows through the western part of the country. ...

References

  1. ^ (2002). "National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation" (XLS). 2002 Russian All-Population Census. Retrieved on 2006-07-20.
  2. ^ Scott Polar Research Institute - Republic of Sakha

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 164 days remaining. ...

See also

The Sakha Republic is a part of Russia in Asia. ... Lake Khaiyr is a remote volcanic lake situated in the Yakutia region of eastern Siberia. ...

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of the government of Sakha Republic
  • (Russian) Photo gallery at the site of the Ministry of Construction of the Sakha Republic with pictures of residential buildings, schools, colleges, hospitals, theaters, stadiums, etc. constructed in Yakutia
  • (English) (Russian) Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Sakha (in development)
  • (Sakha) Orto Doydu - Samples of music, songs and video in Sakha
  • (English) Yakutia Organized - Independent Travelogues, Photo Blogs, General Info
  • (Russian) Official website of the Yakut State University
  • (English) Information on Sakha from Scott Polar Research Institute
  • (Russian) History of Yakutia
  • (English) Anthem of Sakha

  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Sakha Republic (CIS And Baltic Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (554 words)
The Sakha Republic is bounded in the N by the Laptev and East Siberian seas of the Arctic Ocean, in the S by the Stanovoy Range, in the W by the Central Siberian Uplands, and in the E by the Verkhoyansk Range.
The Yakutsk-Skovorodino highway is the chief overland route.
An autonomous republic was organized in 1922 and was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty that created the Russian Federation (see Russia).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m