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Encyclopedia > Sakha

The Sakha (Yakutia) Republic (Russian: Респу́блика Саха́ (Яку́тия); Yakut: Саха Республиката) is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Sakha (Yakutiya) in Russian and Sakha Respublikata in Yakut. The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 89 subjects (Russian: субъект(Ñ‹); English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state whose political organization rests on the principle that the citizens or electorate constitute the ultimate root of legitimacy and sovereignty. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

Sakha (Yakutia) Republic
Республика Саха (Якутия)
Саха Республиката
   
Flag of Sakha Coat of arms of Sakha
Flag of Sakha Coat of arms of Sakha
Image:RussiaSakha2005.png
Capital Yakutsk
Area

- total
- % water Image File history File links Sakha-flag. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The white disc represents the northern sun. ... Image File history File links RussiaSakha2005. ... The tower of ostrog, or fort, in Yakutsk was constructed in 1683. ... -1...

Ranked 1st

- 3,103,200 km²
- negligible Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Population

- Total
- Density Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...

Ranked 58th

- est. 949,280 (2002)
- est. 0.3/km² Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...

Political status Republic
Federal district Far Eastern Federal District
Economic Region Far East
Cadaster # 14
Official languages Russian, Yakut
President Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov
Chairman of the government Yegor Afanasyevich Borisov
Legislature {{{LegiNm}}}
Anthem no information

Contents

The Russian Federation is divided into 89 federal subjects (administrative units), 21 of which are republics: Constitutional Status Republics differ from other federal subjects in that they have the right to establish their own official language (Article 68 of the Constitution of Russia). ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Far Eastern Federal District (Russian: Дальневосто́чный федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov (born 1953) is the president of the Russian republic of Sakha. ...


Geography

Sakha stretches to the Henrietta Islands in the far north and is washed by the Laptev and Eastern Siberian Seas of the Arctic Ocean. These waters, the coldest and iciest of all seas in the northern hemisphere, are covered by ice for 9-10 months of the year. New Siberian Islands are a part of the republic's territory. Sakha is the statoid with the largest territorial area in the world with 3,103,200 square kilometres. Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: , tr. ... The Magadan Oblast is a regional subdivision of Russia, in the Far Eastern Federal District. ... Capital Khabarovsk Area - total - % water 5th - 788,600 km² - 1. ... The Amur Oblast (Амурская область, Amurskaya oblast) (363,700 km², pop. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in south-eastern Siberia in the basins of Angara, Lena, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska rivers, and occupies an area of 767,900 km² (4. ... Evenkia is an autonomous district of Krasnoyarsk Krai in the Russian Federation. ... Taymyria (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug of Krasnoyarsk Krai). ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... East Siberian Sea (Russian: ) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... Henrietta Island (Остров Генриетты in Russian) is one of the islands of the De Long Islands archipelago in the East Siberian Sea, discovered in 1881 by the Jeannette expedition, commanded by Lieutenant Commander George W. DeLong, USN. Area: 12 sq km. ... A map showing the location of the Laptev Sea. ... East Siberian Sea (Russian: ) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... New Siberian Islands (Russian: Новосиби́рские острова), an archipelago, located to the North of the East Siberian coast between the Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea north of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. ... A Statoid is a major administrative division of a state, as defined by Gwillim Law in Administrative Subdivisions of Countries ISBN 0-7864-0729-8. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


Sakha can be divided into three great vegetation belts. About 40% of Sakha lies above the Arctic circle and all of it is covered by permafrost which greatly influences the region's ecology and limits forests in the southern region. Arctic and subarctic tundra define the middle region, where lichen and moss grow as great green carpets and are favorite pastures for reindeer. In the southern part of the tundra belt, scattered stands of dwarf Siberian pine and larch grow along the rivers. Below the tundra is the vast taiga forest region. Larch trees dominate in the north and, in the south, stands of fir and pine begin to appear. Taiga forests cover about 47% of Sakha and almost 90% of this cover is larch. World map showing the five major circles of latitude A sign along the Dalton Highway marking the location of the Arctic Circle The Arctic Circle is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. ... This article is about frozen ground. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and OMFG. The term tundra comes from Kildin Sami tÅ«Ì„ndra, the genitive of tundar, treeless plain. There are three types of tundra: Arctic tundra, Antarctic tundra, and alpine tundra. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) For the musician, please see Caribou (musician). ... Binomial name Pinus sibirica The Siberian Pine (Pinus sibirica; family Pinaceae) is a species of pine tree that occurs in Siberia from 58°E in the Ural Mountains east to 126°E in the Stanovoy Khrebet mountains in southern Sakha Republic, and from Igarka at 68°N in the lower... Species About 12; see text Larches are conifers in the genus Larix, in the family Pinaceae. ... Taiga Taiga (IPA pronunciation: , from the Russian тайга́) is a biome characterized by coniferous forests. ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... This article deals with the tree; for the e-mail client see Pine email client Species About 115. ...


Time zones

Sakha spans three different time zones:

  1. Yakutsk Time Zone (YAKT/YAKST). UTC offset is +0900 (YAKT)/+1000 (YAKST). Covers the republic's territory to the west of the Lena River as well as the territories of uluses located on the both sides of the Lena River.
  2. Vladivostok Time Zone (VLAT/VLAST). UTC offset is +1000 (VLAT)/+1100 (VLAST). Covers most of the republic's territory located between 127°E and 140°E longitude.
  3. Magadan Time Zone (MAGT/MAGST). UTC offset is +1100 (MAGT)/+1200 (MAGST). Covers most of the republic's territory located east of 140°E longitude.

Image File history File links RTZ8. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The Lena River (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... An ulus (Russian: улу́с) is the subdivision type of Sakha (Yakutia) Republic of the Russian Federation. ... Image File history File links RTZ9. ... Map of Earth showing lines of longitude, which appear curved and vertical in this projection, but are actually halves of great circles Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... Image File history File links RTZ10. ...

Rivers

Navigable Lena River (4,310 km), as it moves northward, includes hundreds of small tributaries located in the Verkhoyansk Range. Other major rivers include: The Lena River (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ... ...

The Vilyuy River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... The Olenek River or Olenyok River is a major river in northern Siberian Russia. ... The Aldan River is the second-longest tributary of the Lena River in eastern Siberia. ... The Kolyma River (Колыма́) is a river in northeastern Siberia, whose basin covers parts of the Republic of Sakha, Chukotka, and Magadan oblast. ... The Indigirka River (Индигирка in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia. ... The Olyokma River or Olekma River is a tributary of the Lena in eastern Siberia. ... The Yana River (Яна in Russian), a river in Sakha in Russia, located between the Lena to the west and the Indigirka to the east. ... Amga River (Амга in Russian) is a river in Yakutia (Russia). ... The Anabar River is a river in Sakha, Russia, located just west of the Lena River. ... Maya River (Майя, Мая in Russian) is a river in the Khabarovsk Krai and Yakutia, Russia. ...

Lakes

There are over 700 lakes in the republic. Major lakes and reservoirs include:

  • Mogotoyevo Lake
  • Nedzheli Lake
  • Nerpichye Lake
  • Vilyuyskoye Reservoir

Mountains

Sakha's greatest mountain range, the Verkhoyansk Range, runs parallel and east of the Lena River, forming a great arc that begins the Sea of Okhotsk and ends in the Laptev Sea. ... Sea of Okhotsk The Sea of Okhotsk (named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East) is a part of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the far south, the island...


The Cherky Range runs east of the Verkhoyansk Range and has the highest peak in Sakha, Peak Pobeda (3,003 m). Recent satellite photos, however, revealed that Peak Mus-Khaya may in fact be a higher point, reaching 3,011 m.


Further east lie the gold-rich Kolyma Mountains, which stretch all the way to Chukotka. General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Chukotka Autonomous District (Russian: , tr. ...


The Stanovoi Range borders Sakha in the south. The Stanovoi Range (Russian: Станово́й хребе́т), also spelled as Stanovoy Range, is a mountain range located in southeastern parts of the Russian Far East. ...


Natural resources

Sakha is well endowed with raw materials. The soil contains large reserves of oil, gas, coal, diamonds, gold, and silver. 99% of all Russian diamonds are mined in Sakha, accounting for over 13% of the world's diamond production. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold or Texas Tea, is a thick liquid that varies in colour, from a bright orange hue to a pitch dark black. ... A gas is one of the four main phases of matter (after solid and liquid, and followed by plasma), that subsequently appear as a solid material is subjected to increasingly higher temperatures. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). ... For other uses, see Diamond (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ...


Climate

Sakha is known for its climate extremes, with the Verkhoyansk Range being the coldest area in the northern hemisphere. The Northern Hemisphere's Pole of Cold is at Oymyakon, where the temperatures reached as low as −72.2°C in January of 1926. Insert non-formatted text here The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and population. ... The Poles of Cold are the places in the Northern and Southern hemispheres where the lowest air temperature was recorded. ... Oymyakon (Оймякон in Cyrillic, alternative spellings: Oimekon, Oimyakon, Oymiakon, Oimiakon, Oimjakon, Ojmiakon, Ojmjakon, Ojmyakon, Oymjakon) is a village located along the Indigirka River in the north-east of the Sakha Republic in Eastern Siberia, Russia, at 63°15′N 143°9′E. It has about 800 inhabitants. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

  • Average January temperature: −28°C (coast) to −50°C (other territories).
  • Average July temperature: +2°C (coast) to +19°C (central parts).
  • Average annual precipitation: 200 mm (central parts) to 700 mm (mountains of Eastern Sakha).

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Sakha.

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction Yakutsk (Якутск) (capital) Settlements under the citys jurisdiction: Kangalassy (Кангалассы) Magan (Маган) Markha (Марха) Tabaga (Табага) Zhatay (Жатай) with 4 naslegs under the jurisdiction of the city. ...

Demographics

Russians (50.3%), the Yakuts (Sakha people) (33.4%), and Ukrainians (7%) are the three most common nationalities inhabiting Sakha. Yakuts, self-designation: Sakha, are a Turkic people associated with Yakutia/Sakha Republic. ...


Official languages are Yakut (also known as Sakha), spoken by approximately 25% of the population, and Russian. The Yakut language is Turkic with Mongolian influence and some borrowings from Sakha's Paleosiberian indigenous peoples. The Yakut language, or Sakha, is a Turkic language with around 363,000 speakers that is spoken in the Sakha Republic in the Russian Federation. ... Paleosiberian (Palaeosiberian, Paleo-Siberian) languages or Paleoasian languages (from Greek palaios, ancient) is a term of convenience used in linguistics to classify a disparate group of languages spoken in remote regions of Siberia. ...

  • Population: 949,280 (2002)
    • Urban: 609,999 (64.3%)
    • Rural: 339,281 (35.7%)
    • Male: 464,217 (48.9%)
    • Female: 485,063 (51.1%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,045
  • Average age: 30.0 years
    • Urban: 31.0 years
    • Rural: 27.4 years
    • Male: 30.0 years
    • Female: 26.6 years
  • Number of households: 305,017 (with 937,954 people)
    • Urban: 212,593 (with 600,696 people)
    • Rural: 92,424 (with 337,258 people)

History

The Sakha arrived relatively recently in their current geographical area. They are heterogeneous of Turkic and Mongoloid origin. They absorbed the hunter-gatherer tribes and after centuries of consolidation, began to call themselves "Sakha". The Evenki referred to the Sakha as "Yako" and this term was adopted by the Russians when they began arriving in the region in the early 17th century. Tygyn, a "prince" of the Khangalassky Yakuts, granted territory for Russian settlement. The Lensky Ostrog (Fort Lensky), the future city of Yakutsk, was founded by Pyotr Beketov, a Cossack, on September 25, 1632 (the date of the first stockade construction). In August of 1638, the Moscow Government formed a new administrative unit with the administrative center of Lensky Ostrog, which cemented the town's ascendancy in the territory. Turkic peoples are Northern and Central Eurasian peoples who speak languages belonging to the Turkic family, and who, in varying degrees, share certain cultural and historical traits. ... Typical Mongoloid Skull A portrait of the Mongol ruler Genghis Khan; the Mongolians, for which the term Mongoloid was named after, are an example of the prototype Northern Mongoloid. ... In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... The term Evenki may refer to Evenks people Evenk language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... See also: 1632 (novel) Events February 22 - Galileos Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems is published July 23 - 300 colonists for New France depart Dieppe November 8 - Wladyslaw IV Waza elected king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after Zygmunt III Waza death November 16 - Battle of Lützen... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ...


Russians established agriculture in the Lena River basin. The members of religious groups who were banished to Sakha in the second half of the 19th century began to grow wheat, oats, and potatoes. The fur trade established a cash economy. Industry and transport began to develop at the end of the 19th century and in the beginning of the Soviet period. This was also the beginning of geological prospecting, mining, and local lead production. The first steam-powered ships and barges arrived. The Lena River (Russian: Ле́на) in Siberia is the 10th longest river in the world and has the 9th largest watershed. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Binomial name Avena sativa Carolus Linnaeus (1753) The Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain, and the seeds of this plant. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (plural form: potatoes) (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... // Indian trade The fur trade (also called the Indian trade) was a huge part of the early history of contact in North America between European-Americans and American Indians (now often called Native Americans in the United States and First Nations in Canada). ... State motto (Russian): Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Translated: Workers of the world, unite!) Capital Moscow Official language None; Russian (de facto) Government Federation of Socialist republics Area  - Total  - % water 1st before collapse 22,402,200 km² Approx. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine This article is about mineral extraction. ... This article is about the chemical element. ...


On April 27, 1922 former "Yakolskaya land" was proclaimed the Yakut ASSR, and in 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, it was recognized in Moscow as the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Politics

The head of government in Sakha is the President. The first President of Sakha was Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev. As of 2004, the president is Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov, who was elected on January 27, 2002. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Vyacheslav Anatolyevich Shtyrov (born 1953) is the president of the Russian republic of Sakha. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...


The supreme legislative body of state authority in Sakha is a bicameral State Assembly known as the Il Tumen. The government of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic is the executive body of state authority. Il Tumen is the name for the bicameral legislature of the Russian republic of Sakha. ...


Economy

Industry generates 43% of the gross national product of Sakha, stemming primarily from mineral exploitation. Industrial enterprises are concentrated in the capital Yakutsk, as well as in Aldan, Mirny, Neryungri, Pokrovsk, and Udachny. The diamond, gold and tin ore mining industries are the major focus of the economy. The indigenous peoples are well known as hunters, fishermen, and reindeer herders. Measures of national income and output are used in economics to estimate the value of goods and services produced in an economy. ... This article is about minerals in the geologic sense; for nutrient minerals see dietary mineral; for the band see Mineral (band). ... Aldan is a town in Yakutia, Russia. ... Neryungri (Russian: ) is a town in Sakha, Russia. ... Engels (Russian: Энгельс) is a city in the Saratov Oblast in Russia. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) For the musician, please see Caribou (musician). ...


Transportation

Water transport ranks first for cargo turnover. There are six river ports, two sea ports (Tiksi and Zelyony Mys). Four shipping companies, including the Arctic Sea Shipping Company, operate in the republic. Tiksi Tiksi, on the Laptev Sea, Arctic Ocean Murmansk, Archangelsk, Dikson, Tiksi, on the Arctic Ocean Tiksi is a port town located on Russias Arctic Ocean coast. ...


Air transport is the most important for transporting people. Airlines connect the republic with most regions of Russia. Yakutsk airport has an international terminal.


Two federal roads pass the republic. They are Yakutsk—Bolshoy Never and Yakutsk—Kolyma. The Berkakit—Aldan railroad is currently in operation. It links the Baikal Amur Mainline with the industrial centers in South Sakha. Aldan is a town in Yakutia, Russia. ... Baikal-Amur Magistral in green; Trans-Siberian line in red The Baikal-Amur Mainline (Russian Байкало-Амурская Магистраль, Baikalo-Amurskaya Magistral, BAM) is a railway line in Russia. ...


Education

The most important facilities of higher education include Yakut State University and Yakut State Agricultural Academy.


Religion

The majority of the population believe in the Sun-worship Tengrianism common to Turkic-language people of Central Asia or believe in demons of the night shamanists or said by Russians to belong to the Russian Orthodox Church. A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ... The Russian Orthodox Church (also known as the Orthodox Catholic Church of Russia) (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


Miscellaneous

This is a list of the largest subnational entities by area in square kilometres. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichin, Inuktitut, Slavey Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 1,346,106 km² 12. ... (help· info) IPA: (Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин), born Ulyanov (Улья́нов) (April 22 [O.S. April 10] 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Communist revolutionary of Russia, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the main theorist of Leninism, which he described as an adaptation of Marxism to the... G. V. Plekhanov Georgi Valentinovich Plekhanov (Георгий Валентинович Плеханов) (December 11, 1856 – May 30, 1918; Old Style: November 29, 1856 – May 17, 1918) was a Russian revolutionary and a Marxist theoretician. ... The Volga river in Western Russia, Europes longest river, with a length of 3,690 km (2,293 miles), provides the core of the largest river system in Europe. ...

See also

The Sakha Republic is a part of Russia in Asia. ...

External links

  • ((Russian)) Official website of Sakha
  • ((English)) ((Russian)) Official website of the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Sakha (in development)
  • ((English)) General information about Yakutia in English (in development)
  • ((English)) ((Russian)) Website of Yakutia Travel (a travel company)
  • ((Russian)) Official website of the Yakut State University
  • ((English)) Information on Sakha from Scott Polar Research Institute
  • ((Russian)) History of Yakutia
  • ((English)) ((Russian)) Official website of Sakha National Congress (in development)



Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 January 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. A referendum is to be held on 16 April 2006 on merging Ust-Orda Buryatia into Irkutsk Oblast. If the result is in favour, the merger will take effect on 1 January 2008.
  3. On 1 July 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Southern | Northwestern | Far East | Siberian | Urals | Privolzhsky (Volga)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sakha Open World (588 words)
The column "the Playground" discusses such issues as, for example, the problems parents may encounter while raising their children in a foreign environment.
The Sakha language site"Orto Doidu" ("The Middle Earth").
The next goal of the "Sakha Open World" project is the creation of an English version of the site that would provide better opportunities for an inter-cultural dialog.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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