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Encyclopedia > Sakai, Osaka
Sakai
堺市
Location
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka
Physical characteristics
Area 149.99 km² (57.9 sq mi)
Population (as of May 1, 2007)
     Total 833,414
     Density 5,556/km² (14,390/sq mi)
Location 34°34′N, 135°29′E
Symbols
Tree Willow
Flower Iris
Bird Shrike
Sakai Government Office
Mayor Keisuke Kihara
Address 〒590-0078
3-1 Minamikawaramachi, Sakai-ku, Sakai-shi, Osaka-fu
Phone number 072-233-1101
Official website: City of Sakai

Sakai (堺市 Sakai-shi?) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It has been one of the largest and most important seaports of Japan since the Medieval era. For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... The Kansai (Japanese: 関西) region of Japan, also known as the Kinki region (近畿地方, Kinki-chihō), lies in the Southern-Central region of Japans main island, Honshu. ... The prefectures of Japan are the countrys 47 sub-national jurisdictions: one metropolis (都 to), Tokyo; one circuit (道 dō), Hokkaidō; two urban prefectures (府 fu), Osaka and Kyoto; and 43 other prefectures (県 ken). ... Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 ÅŒsaka-fu) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... For other uses, see Flower (disambiguation). ... Species See text Iris is a genus of between 200-300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers which takes its name from the Greek word for a rainbow, referring to the wide variety of flower colors found among the many species. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Genera Lanius Eurocephalus Corvinella A shrike is a passerine bird of the family Laniidae which is known for its habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns, so that it can tear them into smaller, more conveniently-sized fragments. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... An address is a code and abstract concept expressing the fixed location of a home, business or other building on the earths surface. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits that uniquely indicates the network termination point. ... Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 ÅŒsaka-fu) is part of the Kinki region on Honshu island, Japan. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ...


Following the February 2005 annexation of Mihara Town in Minamikawachi District, the city has grown further and is now the fourteenth most populous city in Japan,[1] with 833,414 residents as of 2007-05-01.[2] Mihara (美原町; -cho) is a town located in Minamikawachi District, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... Minamikawachi (南河内郡; -gun) is a district located in Osaka, Japan. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Daisen Kofun
Daisen Kofun

The current city was legally founded on April 1, 1889 according to the laws of Imperial Japan. Sakai became a designated city in April 2006[3] giving it a greater measure of self-determination in governmental affairs. It is divided into seven districts. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x800, 514 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Emperor Nintoku ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x800, 514 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Emperor Nintoku ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The ensign of Imperial Japanese Navy was a prominent symbol of Imperial Japan. ... A position of each city designated by government ordinance A city designated by government ordinance (a designated city or Government Ordinance City (Japanese: 政令指定都市 seirei shitei toshi or 政令市 seirei shi)) is a Japanese city that has a population greater than 500,000; has important economic and industrial functions; and that is... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...


Sakai is known for its keyhole-shaped burial mounds, or kofun, which date from the 5th century. The largest of these, Daisen Kofun, is believed to be the grave of the Emperor Nintoku and is the largest grave in the world by volume. Once known for samurai swords, Sakai is now famous for the quality of its Japanese kitchen knives; most high-quality Japanese cutlery originates in Sakai, and its production is a major industry in the city. Daisenryo Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, Sakai, 5th century. ... Europe in 450 The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Daisen-Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, Osaka Emperor Nintoku (仁徳天皇 Nintoku Tennō) was the 16th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... The katana (刀) is the Japanese sabre or longsword (daitō, 大刀), although many Japanese use this word generically as a catch-all word for sword. ... There are a number of different types of Japanese kitchen knives. ...



Contents

History

In the Muromachi Period Sakai was one of richest cities in Japan. Sakai is located on the edge of Osaka Bay and at the mouth of the Yamato River, which connected the Yamato Province (now Nara Prefecture) to the sea. Sakai thus helped to connect foreign trade with inland trade. The Muromachi period (Japanese: 室町時代, Muromachi-jidai, also known as the Muromachi era, the Muromachi bakufu, the Ashikaga era, the Ashikaga period, or the Ashikaga bakufu) is a division of Japanese history running from approximately 1336 to 1573. ... Satellite photo of northern Osaka Bay Osaka Bay (大阪湾 Osaka-wan) is a bay in western Japan. ... Yamato () was a province of Japan. ... Nara Prefecture ) is a prefecture in the Kinki region on Honshū Island, Japan. ...


Sakai was an autonomous city run by merchant citizens. In those days it was said that the richest cities were Umi Sakai, Riku Imai (tr. "along the sea, Sakai; inlands, Imai"). The famous Zen Buddhist priest Ikkyu chose to live in Sakai because of its free atmosphere. In the Sengoku Period some Christian priests, including St. Francis Xavier in 1550, visited Sakai and documented its prosperity. For other uses, see Zen (disambiguation). ... Portrait of Ikkyu by Bokusai Ikkyu (一休宗純 IkkyÅ« Sōjun) (1394-1481) was a Japanese Zen Buddhist priest and poet. ... “Sengoku” redirects here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...

This wooden Kongorikishi statue originally guarded the gate to Ebaradera, a temple in Sakai.
This wooden Kongorikishi statue originally guarded the gate to Ebaradera, a temple in Sakai.

After the coming of Europeans Sakai became a trade center of firearms, and a daimyo, Oda Nobunaga, was one of their important customers. During his ambitious attempt to unify Japan, Nobunaga attempted to take the autonomy privilege from Sakai. Sakai's citizens denied his order and pitched a desperate battle against his army. Most citizens fled; Sakai was burned and seized by Nobunaga. After the death of Nobunaga, one of his men, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, seized power. Sakai became a prosperous city again under his reign. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (906x1780, 1428 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kamakura shogunate Sakai, Osaka Kongorikishi ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (906x1780, 1428 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Kamakura shogunate Sakai, Osaka Kongorikishi ... The Diamond-rod wielding Shukongoshin (Agyo), Asakusa Temple, Japan. ... Firearms redirects here. ... Daimyo Matsudaira Katamori visits the residence of a retainer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a Japanese name; the family name is Toyotomi Toyotomi Hideyoshi ) February 2, 1536 or March 26, 1537 – September 18, 1598) was a sengoku daimyo who unified Japan. ...


Sen no Rikyu, known as the greatest master of the tea ceremony, was originally a merchant of Sakai. Because of the close relationship between the tea ceremony and Zen Buddhism, and because of the prosperity of its citizens, Sakai was one of the main centers of the tea ceremony in Japan. Sen no Rikyu (千利休; 1522 - 1591) is considered the most profound influence on the Japanese tea ceremony. ... A woman wearing a kimono performs a tea ceremony outdoors, while seated in seiza position. ...


Sakai was still an important trade center during the Edo Period, but was involved only in inland trade due to the Bakufu (Sakoku) policy of the Tokugawa government. At the end of this era Westerners again landed in Sakai, but it resulted in a tragic incident, because the Japanese citizenry and the foreigners were ignorant of each others' ways. French sailors from the Dupleix and Sakai citizens clashed; some French were killed, and subsequently the Japanese responsible for these deaths were sentenced to death by seppuku. This incident is called the Sakai Incident (堺事件 Sakai-jiken?). The Edo period ), also called Tokugawa period, is a division of Japanese history running from 1603 to 1868. ... For the James Clavell novel, see Shogun or for the TV Miniseries. ... The Dupleix was a steam and sail corvette of the French Marine Nationale. ... Seppuku (Japanese: 切腹, belly-cutting) is a form of Japanese ritual suicide by disembowelment. ... Sakai incident, Japan (堺事件). Le Monde Illustré, 1868. ...


In modern times, Sakai is an industrial city with a large port. As such, its western area suffered widespread damage from bombing raids during the Second World War. It is now known for its knives and is the home of Shimano bicycle parts. With a population of over 800,000, it is the largest suburb of Osaka City and the fourteenth-largest city in Japan. Shimano, Inc. ... Osaka Castle (ÅŒsaka-jō) Location in Japan Osaka Aquarium (Kaiyukan) Osaka railway station The Osaka Tower (TsÅ«tenkaku) Osaka City   listen? (大阪市; ÅŒsaka-shi) is the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ...


Wards

Sakai has seven wards (ku): A ku (区), translated as ward, is a district in a large Japanese city. ...

  • Sakai-ku (堺区?)
  • Kita-ku (北区?)
  • Nishi-ku (西区?)
  • Naka-ku (中区?)
  • Higashi-ku (東区?)
  • Mihara-ku (美原区?)
  • Minami-ku (南区?)

Sister cities and friendship cities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Lianyungang (Simplified: 连云港; Traditional: 連雲港; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Jiangsu (Simplified Chinese: 江苏; Traditional Chinese: 江蘇; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chiang-su; Postal System Pinyin: Kiangsu) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located along the east coast of the country. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Yoshinobu Launch Complex (© JAXA) in Tanegashima Tanegashima (Japanese: 種子島) is an island lying to the south of Kyushu, south Japan, and is part of the Kagoshima Prefecture. ... Kagoshima Prefecture ) is located on KyÅ«shÅ« island, Japan. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Higashiyoshino (東吉野村; -mura) is a village located in Yoshino District, Nara, Japan. ... Nara Prefecture ) is a prefecture in the Kinki region on HonshÅ« Island, Japan. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... For the first Duke of Wellington, see Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ...

Notables

Daisen-Kofun, the tomb of Emperor Nintoku, Osaka Emperor Nintoku (仁徳天皇 Nintoku Tennō) was the 16th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Gyōki (行基 668 - 749) was a Japanese priest of Nara period. ... Portrait of Ikkyu by Bokusai Ikkyu (一休宗純 IkkyÅ« Sōjun) (1394-1481) was a Japanese Zen Buddhist priest and poet. ... Sen no Rikyu (千利休; 1522 - 1591) is considered the most profound influence on the Japanese tea ceremony. ... Tsuda SōgyÅ« ) (????-1591) was the son of Tsuda Sotatsu, a weathly merchant of Sakai. ... Imai SōkyÅ« (今井宗久; 1520-31 August 1593) was an important 16th century merchant in the Japanese port town of Sakai, and a master of the tea ceremony. ... ÅŒuchi Yoshihiro (1356-1399), the second son of ÅŒuchi Hiroyo, and a member of the ÅŒuchi family which served under Ashikaga Takauji. ... Takeno Jōō ) (1502-1555) a master of the tea ceremony and well known merchant during the Sengoku Period of the 16th century of Japan. ... Nobuaki Kakuda , born April 11, 1961 in Sakai, Osaka Prefecture) is a Japanese Seido Kaikan - Karate fighter, who is famous for his first punch knockout win over German 4-time cage combat World Champion Mavrick at 0:56 seconds in the K-1 Fields Europe GP 2005 as well as... Kobukuro (Kobuchi and Kuroda, コブクロ) is a Japanese male pop band. ... Yosano Akiko (与謝野 晶子 Yosano Akiko, December 7, 1878 - May 29, 1942) was a Japanese author and poet. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Osaka Kintetsu Buffaloes (ja: 大阪近鉄バファローズ) was a Nippon Professional Baseball team based in Osaka, Japan, which were in the Pacific League. ... Yudetamago (ゆでたまご, literally Boiled Egg) is the Japanese writing team responsible for Kinnikuman, Kinnikuman: Nisei (Ultimate Muscle), and Tatakae!! Ramenman. ... Mangaka ) is the Japanese word for a comic artist. ...

References

  1. ^ Sakai City profile. Accessed 2007-03-13. Note that although the reference refers to Sakai as the fourteenth-largest city in Japan, this reference excludes Tokyo.
  2. ^ Sakai City Department of Planning, Head of Statistical Research (堺市企画部調査統計担当 Kikakubu Chōsa Tōkei Tantō?). Published 2007-05-21.
  3. ^ "Tokyo pollsters in the money", Yomiuri Shimbun, 2007-02-17. Accessed 2007-03-13.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Yomiuri-TOKYO Office Yomiuri-Osaka Office Yomiuri YC The Yomiuri Shimbun (読売新聞 Yomiuri Shinbun) is a Japanese newspaper published in Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka, and other major Japanese cities. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Sakai official website (Japanese)
Shadow picture of Osaka Prefecture Osaka Prefecture
Cities
Daitō | Fujiidera | Habikino | Hannan | Higashiōsaka | Hirakata | Ibaraki | Ikeda | Izumi | Izumiotsu | Izumisano | Kadoma | Kaizuka | Kashiwara | Katano | Kawachinagano | Kishiwada | Matsubara | Minoh | Moriguchi | Neyagawa | Osaka (capital) | Osakasayama | Sakai | Sennan | Settsu | Shijōnawate | Suita | Takaishi | Takatsuki | Tondabayashi | Toyonaka | Yao
Districts
Minamikawachi | Mishima | Senboku | Sennan | Toyono
  See also: Towns and villages by district edit

 
 

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