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Encyclopedia > Saipan
Saipan seen from the air
Saipan seen from the air
A map of Saipan, Tinian & Aguijan

Saipan (pronounced /saɪˈpæn/, /saɪˈpɑn/, or /ˈsaɪpæn/ in English) is the largest island and capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a chain of 15 tropical islands belonging to the Marianas archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean (15°10’51”N, 145°45’21”E) with a total area of 115.39 km² (44.55 sq mi). The 2000 census population was 62,392.[1] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 4021 KB) Author: P. Miller I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 4021 KB) Author: P. Miller I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Saipan Tinian ... File links The following pages link to this file: Saipan Tinian ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Located at latitude of 15.25° north and longitude of 145.75° east, about 200 km (120 mi) north of Guam, Saipan is about 20 km (12.5 mi) long and 9 km (5.5 mi) wide. It is a popular tourist destination in the Pacific.


The western side of the island is lined with sandy beaches and an offshore coral reef which creates a large lagoon. The eastern shore is composed primarily of rugged rocky cliffs and a reef. Its highest point is a limestone covered mountain called Mount Tapochau at 474 m (1,554 ft). Many people consider Mount Tapochau to be an extinct volcano, but is in fact a limestone formation.[2] To the north of Mount Tapochau towards Banzai Cliff is a ridge of hills. Mount Achugao, situated about 2 miles North, has been interpreted to be a remnant of a stratified composite volcanic cone whose Eocene center was not far north of the present peak.[3] Some of the biodiversity of a coral reef, in this case the Great Barrier Reef, Australia. ... Mount Tapochau is an extinct volcano on the island of Saipan. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Puu Ōō, a cinder-and-spatter cone on Kīlauea, Hawaii Volcanic cones are among the simplest volcano formations in the world. ... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ...


Besides English, the indigenous Chamorro language is spoken by approximately 19 percent of the inhabitants.[citation needed] The current governor of the CNMI is Benigno Fitial, who is the successor of Juan Babauta. The island also has many other large, strongly defined lingual and ethnic groups because of the large percentage of contract workers (60% of total population, as of 2001[4]) from China, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, and Cambodia. In addition, a large percentage of the island's population includes first-generation immigrants from Japan, China, and Korea, and immigrants from many of the other Micronesian islands. Chamorro (Chamoru in Chamorro) is the native language of the Chamorro or Chamoru of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam. ... Benigno Repeki Fitial (November 27, 1945) is the Governor of Northern Mariana Islands, elected on November 6, 2005. ... Juan Nekai Babauta (born September 7, 1953, Tapanag, Saipan) is current governor of the Northern Mariana Islands. ...

Contents

History

Saipan, along with neighboring Guam, Rota/Luta, Tinian, and to a lesser extent smaller islands northward, was first inhabited around 2000 B.C.E. The Spanish were the first Europeans to encounter the Chamorros and Spain eventually annexed Saipan as part of its claim to the Mariana Islands. Around 1815, many Carolinians[5][6] from Satawal settled Saipan during a period when the Chamorros were imprisoned on Guam, which resulted in a significant loss of land and rights for the Chamorro natives. Germany ruled Saipan from 1899 until 1914, when the Empire of Japan took over the island under a League of Nations mandate. The Japanese developed both fishing and sugar industries, and in the 1930s garrisoned Saipan heavily, resulting in nearly 30,000 troops on the island by 1941. Rota Rota, also known as the peaceful island, is the southernmost island of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI). ... Saipan, Tinian & Aguiguan The atom bomb pit on Tinians North Field, where Little Boy was loaded aboard the Enola Gay Tinian Shinto shrine. ... BCE is a TLA that may stand for: European Central Bank in some Romance languages (e. ... The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Ladrones Islands, from Spanish Islas de los Ladrones meaning Islands of Thieves) are an archipelago made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the north-western Pacific Ocean between the 12th and 21st parallels... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Satawal is a tiny coral atoll located in the Caroline Islands in the Federated States of Micronesia, the easternmost island in the Yap island group. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Anthem Kimi ga Yo Imperial Reign Capital Tokyo Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1868–1912 Emperor Meiji  - 1912–1926 Emperor Taishō  - 1926–1989 Emperor Shōwa Prime Minister  - 1885-1888, 1892-1896, 1898, 1900-1901 Itō Hirobumi  - 1888-1889 Kuroda Kiyotaka  - 1889-1891 Yamagata Aritomo  - 1906-1908, 1911-1912 Saionji Kinmochi... 1939–1941 semi-official emblem Anachronous world map in 1920–1945, showing the League of Nations and the world Capital Not applicable¹ Language(s) English, French and Spanish Political structure International organization Secretary-general  - 1920–1933 Sir James Eric Drummond  - 1933–1940 Joseph Avenol  - 1940–1946 Seán Lester Historical... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely-traded commodity. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ...


On June 15, 1944 during World War II, U.S. Marines landed on the beaches of the southwestern side of the island, and spent more than three weeks fighting the Battle of Saipan to secure it from the Japanese. Thousands of civilians died during the battle, many committing suicide by jumping to their deaths. The battle was dramatized in John Woo's 2002 film Windtalkers. is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea,[1] using the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces and is one of seven uniformed services. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Richmond K. Turner Holland Smith Yoshitsugu Saito â€  Chuichi Nagumo â€  Strength 71,000 31,000 Casualties 3,426 killed; 13,160 wounded 24,000 KIA and 5,000 suicides; 921 prisoners The Battle of Saipan was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World... For other uses, see John Woo (disambiguation). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Windtalkers is a 2002 World War II film directed by John Woo. ...


The CNMI joined the United States in November 1986. During negotiations, the CNMI and the USA agreed that the CNMI would be exempted from certain federal laws, including some concerning labor and immigration. One result was an increase in hotels and tourism. However, dozens of garment factories also opened; clothing manufacture became the island's chief economic force, employing thousands of foreign contract laborers while labeling their goods "made in the U.S.A.". They continue to supply the U.S. market with low cost garments exempt from US import tariffs. The working conditions and treatment experienced by employees in these factories have been the subject of controversy and criticism (see below).[7] Federal law is the body of law created by the federal government of a nation. ...


Agriculture and flora

Thai hot peppers or "Tinian peppers" growing wild.
Thai hot peppers or "Tinian peppers" growing wild.

Undeveloped areas on the island are covered with sword grass meadows and dense, dry-forest jungle known as Tangan-Tangan. Coconuts, papayas, and Thai hot peppers – locally called "Donne Sali" or "Boonie Peppers" – are among the fruits that grow wild. Mango, taro root, and bananas are a few of the many foods cultivated by local families and farmers. Sportfishing is excellent[citation needed] offshore, with numerous small boats catching tuna, wahoo, billfish and many other species. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x3008, 3388 KB) Author: P. Miller I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x3008, 3388 KB) Author: P. Miller I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For a similar variety of Capiscum frutescens better known as peri-peri, refer African birdseye. ... Sword grass is a name used for some species of grasses with blades that are sharp enough to cut human skin. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. This article is about the fruit. ... For a similar variety of Capiscum frutescens better known as peri-peri, refer African birdseye. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... This article is about the plant. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Tuna (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1829) Wahoo caught by local fisherman in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles The Wahoo (Acanthocybium solandri) is a dark blue scombrid fish found worldwide in tropical and subtropical seas. ... The term billfish is applied to a number of different large, predatory fish such as marlin and swordfish. ...


Music

Music on Saipan can generally be broken down into three branches: local, mainland American and Asian. Local consists of Chamorro, Carolinian and Micronesian traditional music and song, often with traditional dance for many occasions. Mainland American is many of the same varieties that can be found on U.S. radio; and Asian consists of Japanese, Korean, Thai and Philippine music among others. The Chamorros are an indigenous people of Guam and the Mariana Islands. ... Carolinian is an Austronesian language spoken in the Northern Mariana Islands, where it is an official language along with English and Chamorro. ... This article is about the Pacific region known as Micronesia. ... The Republic of the Philippines is a country of South East Asia, located in the western Pacific Ocean some 1,210 km (750 mi) from mainland Asia. ...


Transportation

Travel to and from the island is available from several airlines via Saipan International Airport. A ferry also operates between Saipan and Tinian, its smaller neighboring island 5 miles to the south. Taxis are available. Saipan International Airport or Francisco C. Ada/Saipan International Airport (IATA: SPN, ICAO: PGSN, FAA LID: GSN) is a public airport located on Saipan Island in the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. ... Saipan, Tinian & Aguiguan The atom bomb pit on Tinians North Field, where Little Boy was loaded aboard the Enola Gay Tinian Shinto shrine. ...


Economy

The main economic driving force in Saipan is garment manufacturing, driven largely by foreign contract workers (mainly from China). As of March, 2007[8] 19 companies manufactured garments on Saipan. In addition to many foreign-owned and -run companies, many well-known U.S. brands also operated garment factories in Saipan for much of the last three decades. Brands include Gap (as of 2000 operating 6[9] factories there), Levi Strauss,[10] Phillips-Van Heusen,[11] Abercrombie & Fitch,[12] L'Oreal subsidiary Ralph Lauren (Polo),[13] Lord & Taylor,[14], Tommy Hilfiger and Walmart.[15] For other uses, see Gap. ... Alternative meaning: Claude L vi-Strauss, the French anthropologist. ... The LOréal Group ( PAR: 120321), headquartered in Clichy, France, is the worlds leading company in cosmetics and beauty. ... For the company, see Polo Ralph Lauren. ... For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). ... Lord & Taylor, based in New York, New York, is the oldest department store chain in the United States. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ...


Tourism has long been a vital source of the island's revenue, although the industry has undergone a serious decline since the Asian Economic Crisis of the mid-to-late 1990s coupled with local mismanagement of the industry. Some major airlines have since ceased regular service to the island. Internationally-known businesses who located to Saipan are struggling and some have gone out of business. The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand, and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices of several Asian countries, many part of the East Asian Tigers. ...


Controversy

Jack Abramoff CNMI scandal

Jack Abramoff and his law firm were paid at least $6.7 million by the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) from 1995 to 2001. After Abramoff paid for Tom DeLay and his staffers to go on trips to the CNMI, they crafted policy that extended exemptions from federal immigration, labor, and minimum wage laws to the islands' industries while allowing them to continue manufacturing goods with the "Made in the USA" label. Abramoff also negotiated for a $1.2 million no-bid contract from the Marianas for 'promoting ethics in government' to be awarded to David Lapin, brother of Daniel Lapin. Abramoff also secretly funded a trip for James E. Clyburn (D-SC) and Bennie Thompson (D-MS). The Jack Abramoff CNMI scandal involves the efforts of Jack Abramoff, other lobbyists, and government officials to change and/or prevent Congressional action regarding the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (CNMI) and businesses on the main island of Saipan. ... Jack Abramoff (born February 28, 1958) is an American political lobbyist, a Republican political activist and businessman who is a central figure in a series of high-profile political scandals. ... The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is a commonwealth in political union with the United States of America at a strategic location in the West Pacific Ocean. ... Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The minimum wage is the minimum rate a worker can legally be paid (usually per hour) as opposed to wages that are determined by the forces of supply and demand in a free market. ... The Made in USA mark is a country of origin label indicating the product is all or virtually all made in the U.S. The label is regulated by the Federal Trade Commission. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... James Enos Jim Clyburn (born July 21, 1940) is an American politician and a member of the United States House of Representatives for the 6th District of South Carolina. ... Rep. ...


Documentation also indicates that Abramoff's lobbying team helped prepare Rep. Ralph Hall's (R-TX) statements on the house floor in which he attacked the credibility of escaped teenaged sex worker "Katrina," in an attempt to discredit her testimony regarding the state of the sex slave industry on the island.[16] Ms. magazine also explored Abramoff's dealings in the CNMI and the plight of garment workers like Katrina in their spring 2006 article "Paradise Lost: Greed, Sex Slavery, Forced Abortions and Right-Wing Moralists."


Later lobbying efforts involved mailings from a Ralph Reed marketing company to Christian conservative voters and bribery of Roger Stillwell, a Department of the Interior official who in 2006 pleaded guilty to accepting gifts from Abramoff. Roger G. Stillwell (born October 13, 1939), an American lobbyist. ...


Foreign contract labor abuse and exemptions from U.S. federal regulations

Excerpted from "Immigration and the CNMI: A report of the US Commission on Immigration Reform", January 7, 1998:

"The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) immigration system is antithetical to the principals that are at the core of the US immigration policy. Over time, the CNMI has developed an immigration system dominated by the entry of foreign temporary contract workers. These now outnumber US citizens but have few rights within the CNMI and are subject to serious labor and human rights abuses. In contrast to US immigration policy, which admits immigrants for permanent residence and eventual citizenship, the CNMI admits aliens largely as temporary contract workers who are ineligible to gain either US citizenship or civil and social rights within the commonwealth. Only a few countries and no democratic society have immigration policies similar to the CNMI. The closest equivalent is Kuwait. The end result of the CNMI policy is to have a minority population governing and severely limiting the rights of the majority population who are alien in every sense of the word."

On March 31, 1998,[17] US Senator Daniel Akaka said: Daniel Kahikina Dan Akaka (Chinese: 阿卡卡 李碩, Hanyu pinyin: akaka lishuo) (born September 11, 1924) is a U.S. Senator from Hawaiʻi and a member of the Democratic Party. ...

The Commonwealth shares our American flag, but it does not share the American system of immigration. There is something fundamentally wrong with a CNMI immigration system that issues permits to recruiters, who in turn promise well-paying American jobs to foreigners in exchange for a $6,000 recruitment fee. When the workers arrive in Saipan, they find their recruiter has vanished and there are no jobs in sight. Hundreds of these destitute workers roam the streets of Saipan with little or no chance of employment and no hope of returning to their homeland. The State Department has confirmed that the government of China is an active participant in the CNMI immigration system. There is something fundamentally wrong with an immigration system that allows the government of China to prohibit Chinese workers from exercising political or religious freedom while employed in United States. Something is fundamentally wrong with a CNMI immigration system that issues entry permits for 12- and 13-year-old girls from the Philippines and other Asian nations, and allows their employers to use them for live sex shows and prostitution. Finally, something is fundamentally wrong when a Chinese construction worker asks if he can sell one of his kidneys for enough money to return to China and escape the deplorable working conditions in the Commonwealth and the immigration system that brought him there. There are voices in the CNMI telling us that the cases of worker abuse we keep hearing about are isolated examples, that the system is improving, and that worker abuse is a thing of the past. These are the same voices that reap the economic benefits of a system of indentured labor that enslaves thousands of foreign workers -- a system described in a bi-partisan study as "an unsustainable economic, social and political system that is antithetical to most American values." There is overwhelming evidence that abuse in the CNMI occurs on a grand scale and the problems are far from isolated.

In 1991,[18] Levi Strauss was embarrassed by a scandal involving six subsidiary factories run on Saipan by the Tan Holdings Corporation. It was revealed that Chinese laborers in those factories suffered under what the U.S. Department of Labor called "slavelike" conditions. Cited for sub-minimal wages, seven-day work week schedules with twelve-hour shifts, poor living conditions and other indignities (including the alleged removal of passports and the virtual imprisonment of workers), Tan would eventually pay what was then the largest fines in U.S. labor history, distributing more than $9 million in restitution to some 1200 employees.[1][2][3] At the time, Tan factories produced 3% of Levi's jeans with the "Made in the U.S.A." label. Levi Strauss claimed that it had no knowledge of the offenses, severed ties to the Tan family, and instituted labor reforms and inspection practices in its offshore facilities. Alternative meaning: Claude L vi-Strauss, the French anthropologist. ...


In 1999, Sweatshop Watch, Global Exchange, Asian Law Caucus, Unite, and the garment workers themselves filed three separate lawsuits in class-action suits on behalf of roughly 30,000 garment workers in Saipan. The defendants included 27 U.S. retailers and 23 Saipan garment factories. By 2004, they had won a 20 million dollar settlement against all but one of the defendants.[19]


Levi Strauss was the only successful defendant, winning the case against them in 2004.[20] Alternative meaning: Claude L vi-Strauss, the French anthropologist. ...


In 2005–2006, the issue of immigration and labor practices on Saipan was brought up during the American political scandals of Congressman Tom DeLay and lobbyist Jack Abramoff, who visited the island on numerous occasions. Ms. magazine has followed the issue and published a major expose in their Spring 2006 article "Paradise Lost: Greed, Sex Slavery, Forced Abortion and Right-Wing Moralists". This article provides a list of major political scandals of the United States. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Thomas Dale DeLay (born April 8, 1947) is a former member of the United States House of Representatives from Sugar Land, Texas. ... Lobbying is the practice of private advocacy with the goal of influencing a governing body, in order to ensure that an individuals or organizations point of view is represented in the government. ... Jack Abramoff (born February 28, 1958) is an American political lobbyist, a Republican political activist and businessman who is a central figure in a series of high-profile political scandals. ...


On February 8, 2007, the United States Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources received testimony about federalizing CNMI labor and immigration.


On July 19, 2007,[21] Deputy Assistant Secretary of Insular Affairs David B. Cohen testified before the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Regarding S. 1634 (The Northern Mariana Islands Covenant Implementation Act).[22] He said: David B. Cohen (born 1941) is an American psychology professor. ...

Congress has the authority to make immigration and naturalization laws applicable to the CNMI. Through the bill that we are discussing today, Congress is proposing to take this legislative step to bring the immigration system of the CNMI under Federal administration. [...] [S]erious problems continue to plague the CNMI’s administration of its immigration system, and we remain concerned that the CNMI’s rapidly deteriorating fiscal situation may make it even more difficult for the CNMI government to devote the resources necessary to effectively administer its immigration system and to properly investigate and prosecute labor abuse. [...] While we congratulate the CNMI for its recent successful prosecution of a case in which foreign women were pressured into prostitution, human trafficking remains far more prevalent in the CNMI than it is in the rest of the U.S. During the twelve-month period ending on April 30, 2007, 36 female victims of human trafficking were admitted to or otherwise served by Guma’ Esperansa, a women’s shelter operated by a Catholic nonprofit organization. All of these victims were in the sex trade. Secretary Kempthorne personally visited the shelter and met with a number of women from the Philippines who were underage when they were trafficked into the CNMI for the sex industry. [...I]t is clear that local control over CNMI immigration has resulted in a human trafficking problem that is proportionally much greater than the problem in the rest of the U.S. A number of foreign nationals have come to the Federal Ombudsman’s office complaining that they were promised a job in the CNMI after paying a recruiter thousands of dollars to come there, only to find, upon arrival in the CNMI, that there was no job. Secretary Kempthorne met personally with a young lady from China who was the victim of such a scam and who was pressured to become a prostitute; she was able to report her situation and obtain help in the Federal Ombudsman’s office. We believe that steps need to be taken to protect women from such terrible predicaments. We are also concerned about recent attempts to smuggle foreign nationals, in particular Chinese nationals, from the CNMI into Guam by boat. A woman was recently sentenced to five years in prison for attempting to smuggle over 30 Chinese nationals from the CNMI into Guam.

Contract laborers arriving from China are usually required to pay their (Chinese National) recruitment agents fees equal to a year's total salary[23] (roughly $3,500) and occasionally as high as two years' salary,[24] though the contracts are only one-year contracts, renewable at the employer's discretion.


60% of the population of the CNMI is contract workers. These workers cannot vote. They are not represented, and can be deported if they lose their jobs. Meanwhile, the minimum wage remains well below that on the U.S. mainland, and abuses of vulnerable workers are commonplace.[25]


In John Bowe's 2007 book Nobodies: Modern American Slave Labor and the Dark Side of the New Global Economy, he provides a focus on Saipan, exploring how its culture, isolation and American ties have made it a favorable environment for exploitative garment manufacturers and corrupt politicos. Bowe additionally describes the factories karaoke bars, and strip joints with ties to politicos. Bowe depicts Saipan as a vulnerable, truly suffering community, where poverty rates have climbed as high as 35 percent. John Bowe (born 1964 in Minnesota) is an author who has contributed to The New Yorker, The American Prospect, GQ and This American Life,[1] and has published two books with Random House. ...


Other local issues

Despite an annual rainfall of 80 to 100 inches (2,000 to 2,500 mm), the Commonwealth Utilities Corporation (CUC), the local government-run water utility company on Saipan, is unable to deliver 24-hour-a-day potable water to its customers in certain areas. As a result, several large hotels use reverse osmosis to produce fresh water for their customers. In addition, many homes and small businesses augment the sporadic and sometimes brackish water provided by CUC with rainwater collected and stored in cisterns. Most locals buy drinking water from water distributors and use tap water only for bathing or washing. Reverse osmosis (RO) is a separation process that uses pressure to force a solution through a membrane that retains the solute on one side and allows the pure solvent to pass to the other side. ...


Saipan also has a place in many Irish people's minds, after “The Saipan Incident”, a bitter and public falling-out between Republic of Ireland football (soccer) star Roy Keane and Ireland manager Mick McCarthy which took place before the 2002 FIFA World Cup. The Saipan Incident was a serious falling-out in 2002 between Republic of Ireland star player and captain Roy Keane and the teams manager, Mick McCarthy, during a training session on the Pacific island of Saipan while the team was preparing for the 2002 FIFA World Cup. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Roy Maurice Keane (born 10 August 1971 in Mayfield, Cork City, Ireland) is an Irish former professional footballer and the current manager of English Premier League club Sunderland. ... Michael Joseph McCarthy (born 7 February 1959) is a former professional football player who moved into club management with Millwall, the Republic of Ireland, Sunderland, and currently Wolverhampton Wanderers. ... 2002 World Cup redirects here. ...


Saipansucks.com, an anonymously-written website which criticizes the government, culture, and indigenous residents of the island, gained the attention of the local media in 2001 and regional and international media in 2006. Saipansucks. ...


Demographics

According to the last census in 2000,[26] the population of Saipan was 62,392. Mono-racial people totaled 56,355, and their demographic breakdown in descending order by category was as follows:


Asians numbered 35,985, comprising 57.7% of the population.

  • Filipino: 16,280 (26.1%)
  • Chinese: 15,040 (24.1%)
  • Korean: 1,945 (3.1%)
  • Other Asian ethnicities: 962 (1.5%)
  • Japanese: 898 (1.4%)
  • Bangladeshi: 690 (1.1%)
  • Nepalese: 170 (0.3%)

Pacific Islanders numbered 18,781, comprising 30.1% of the population.

  • Chamorro: 11,644 (18.7%)
  • Carolinian: 2,645 (4.2%)
  • Palauan: 1,642 (2.6%)
  • Chuukese: 1,382 (2.2%)
  • Pohnpeian: 614 (1.0%)
  • Other Pacific Islander ethnicities: 502 (0.8%)
  • Yapese: 192 (0.3%)
  • Marshallese: 109 (0.2%)
  • Kosraean: 51 (0.1%)

People of two or more races or ethnic groups numbered 6,037, comprising 9.7% of the population.


Whites numbered 1,121, comprising 1.8% of the population.


Other races/ethnic groups numbered 435, comprising 0.7% of the population.


Blacks numbered 33, comprising 0.1% of the population.


45.2% of the population was male, 54.8% was female. The median age of the island's population was 28.7, which is higher than in most other Oceanic regions due to its volume of foreign workers.[27]


The population rose 18% (9,694) since the previous census in 1995.[28]


Education

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Public School System serves Saipan.


Northern Marianas College is a two-year community college serving the Northern Mariana Islands. Northern Marianas College, also known as NMC, is a two-year community college located in the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands. ...


Notable residents from the mainland United States

Larry Lee Hillblom (1943 - 1995) was a co-founder of DHL Worldwide Express, a shipping company. ... Guy Gabaldon speaking at Pentagon ceremony honoring Hispanic World War II veterans, September 2004. ...

Appearances in fiction

Saipan was a major part of the plot in the Tom Clancy novel Debt of Honor. The island is invaded by Japan, as part of a systematic attack on the United States. For the member of the Irish folk band The Clancy Brothers, see Tom Clancy (singer) and for the American Celticist, see Thomas Owen Clancy. ... Debt of Honor (1994) is a novel by Tom Clancy. ...


See also

In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is an organized territory or colony that has established with the Federal Government a more highly developed relationship, which may be embodied in a written mutual agreement. ... Garapan is the largest village and the center of the tourism industry on the island of Saipan which is a part of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. ... Kalabera is a small village on the northern side of Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands. ... List of Registered Historic Places in the Northern Mariana Islands: // Chugai Chugai Pictograph Site Songsong (Rota) Commissioners Office Dugi Archeological Site Japanese Coastal Defense Gun Japanese Hospital Mochong Nanyo Kohatsu Kabushiki Kaisha Sugar Mill Rectory Rota Latte Stone Quarry Chalan Kanoa (Saipan) Aslito-Isley Field Beaches and Marpi Point... This is a list of villages in the Northern Mariana Islands. ... Northern Marianas College, also known as NMC, is a two-year community college located in the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands. ... Saipan International Airport or Francisco C. Ada/Saipan International Airport (IATA: SPN, ICAO: PGSN, FAA LID: GSN) is a public airport located on Saipan Island in the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. ... Susupe is a village on Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. ...

External links

Coordinates: 15°11′N, 145°45′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  • Department of the Interior, Office of Insular Affairs Links to cultural and informational sites about the CNMI as well as to government sites
  • Saipan Tribune
  • KSPN Channel 2
  • Marianas Variety
  • Food for Thought - Transcripts of the Harry Blalock radio program on CNMI society
  • [1] - Listing of documented foreign contract labor abuses in Saipan

References

  1. ^ Census Bureau Releases, Census 2000 Population Counts for the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, July 3, 2001.
  2. ^ Geological sections across Saipan (see section B), from Robert L. Carruth (2003), Ground-Water Resources of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. USGS Water-Resources Investigation Report 03-4178, Honolulu, Hawaii.
  3. ^ Robert L. Carruth (2003), Ground-Water Resources of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. USGS Water-Resources Investigation Report 03-4178, Honolulu, Hawaii.
  4. ^ http://www.oddcast.com/witness/saipan/saipan_story5.html
  5. ^ CNMI: Tanapag - Arrival: Come Ashore
  6. ^ Carolinian-Marianas Voyaging, Continuing the Tradition
  7. ^ Howard P. Willens and Deanne C. Siemer. An Honorable Accord: the Covenant between the Northern Marianas and the United States. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press (Pacific Islands Monograph Series 18), 2003.
  8. ^ Saipan Tribune
  9. ^ Women and Global Human Rights
  10. ^ Co-op America: Printer friendly page
  11. ^ Responsible Shopper Profile: Phillips-Van Heusen
  12. ^ Responsible Shopper Profile: Abercrombie & Fitch
  13. ^ Responsible Shopper Profile: L'Oreal
  14. ^ Responsible Shopper Profile: Lord & Taylor
  15. ^ Child Labor Wal-Mart
  16. ^ Paul Kiel. "For Abramoff, Lawmaker Slandered Teen Sex Slave", TPM Muckraker, September 25, 2006. 
  17. ^ Daniel Kahikina Akaka, U.S. Senator of Hawaii: Statements and Speeches
  18. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tan_Holdings_Corporation
  19. ^ Jan 2004, Saipan Sweatshop Lawsuit Ends with Important Gains for Workers and Lessons for Activists
  20. ^ Jan 2004, Saipan Sweatshop Lawsuit Ends with Important Gains for Workers and Lessons for Activists
  21. ^ DOI Office of Insular Affairs (OIA)- Statement of David B. Cohen Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Insular Affairs Before the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Regarding S. 1634, The Northern Mariana Islands Covenant Implementation Act July 19, 2007
  22. ^ DOI Office of Insular Affairs (OIA)- Statement of David B. Cohen Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Insular Affairs Before the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources Regarding S. 1634, The Northern Mariana Islands Covenant Implementation Act July 19, 2007
  23. ^ http://www.oddcast.com/witness/saipan/saipan_story3a.html
  24. ^ Daniel Kahikina Akaka, U.S. Senator of Hawaii: Statements and Speeches
  25. ^ http://www.oddcast.com/witness/saipan/saipan_story5.html
  26. ^ CNMI profile from the U.S. Census Bureau
  27. ^ U.S. Department of Health and Human Services data based on 2000 CNMI census
  28. ^ "CNMI census 2000 update", 10th of July 2001
German colonial empire This is a list of former German Empire colonies and protectorates (German: Schutzgebiete), the German colonial empire. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Wituland (also Witu or Swahililand) was an approximately 3000 km² territory in East Africa centered on the town of Witu just inland from Indian Ocean port of Lamu north of the mouth of the Tana River in what is now Kenya. ... German East Africa (German: Deutsch-Ostafrika) was Germanys colony in East Africa, including what is now Burundi, Rwanda, and Tanganyika, the mainland part of present Tanzania. ... Flag of Deutsch-Ostafrika (1885-1919) Flag of Tanganyika (1919-1961) Flag of the Republic of Tanganyika 1962–64 Tanganyika is the name of an East African territory lying between the largest of the African great lakes: Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi and Lake Tanganyika, after which it was named. ... Togoland was a German protectorate in West Africa. ... Flag German South-West Africa (black), other German colonies in red Capital Windhoek (from 1891) Political structure Colony Governor  - 1898-1905 Theodor von Leutwein  - 1905-1907 Friedrich von Lindequist  - 1907-1910 Bruno von Schuckmann  - 1910-1915 Theodor Seitz Historical era The Scramble for Africa  - Established 7 August, 1884  - Genocide 1904... The German West African Company, in German Deutsch-Westafrikanische Gesellschaft / Compagnie, was a German chartered company, founded in 1882, which exploited two German Schutzgebiete in West Africa knwon as German West Africa, but apparently, unlike German East Africa, without a central authority. ... The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. ... Neukamerun (German for New Cameroon) was the name of Central African territories ceded by France to Germany in 1911. ... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ... German New Guinea (Ger. ... The North Solomons are the former German Solomon Islands in Melanesia which were part of German New Guinea. ... Motto: Jepilpilin ke ejukaan Anthem: Forever Marshall Islands Capital (and largest city) Majuro Official languages Marshallese, English Government  -  President Kessai Note Independence  -  from the United States October 21, 1986  Area  -  Total 181 km² (213th) 69. ... Sunset at Colonia on Yap The Caroline Islands form a large archipelago of widely scattered islands in the western Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Guinea. ... The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Ladrones Islands, from Spanish Islas de los Ladrones meaning Islands of Thieves) are an archipelago made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the north-western Pacific Ocean between the 12th and 21st parallels... Brown = German New Guinea; Pink= German Pacific Protectorates; Red= German Samoa Capital Berlin Language(s) German (official), Samoan, Austronesian languages and Papuan languages Political structure Colony King List of German monarchs Historical era German colonization  - Colonization November 3, 1900  - Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1914 Currency Goldmark German Samoa (Ger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_German_Empire. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (615x707, 424 KB) Other versions File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): German Empire Hamburg Mecklenburg-Strelitz Württemberg Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schaumburg Bremen (state) Reuss Duchy of Anhalt... In international law, a concession is a territory within a country that is administered by another entity than the state which holds sovereignty over it. ... The Jiaozhou Bay (, ) was a 552km² German colonial Concession, which existed from 1898 to 1914. ... Tsingtao redirects here. ... New Swabia (German: Neuschwabenland or Neu-Schwabenland) is a section of the continent Antarctica between 20°E and 10°W (overlapping a portion of Norways claim zone Queen Maud Land), which was claimed by Nazi Germany between 19 January 1939 and 8 May 1945. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Saipan - definition of Saipan in Encyclopedia (394 words)
Saipan is the largest island and capital of the Northern Mariana Islands of the western Pacific Ocean, with a total area of 120 km² (46.5 sq mi).
Saipan is located at 15° 15' north latitude and 145° 45' west longitude, about 200 km (120 mi) north of Guam.
Saipan was under German rule from 1899 to 1914, when the Japanese took over the island.
Saipan (1718 words)
Saipan Lagoon encompasses about 20 square miles of mostly shallow water and is separated from the Philippine Sea by a long barrier reef about 2 miles off shore at the entrance to Tanapag Harbor.
Saipan is the capitol of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
Saipan is four and one half times smaller than Guam, 120 miles south, and in 1990 had about one third the population of that U.S.territory.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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