FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Pax et justitia"  (Latin)
"Peace and justice"
Anthem
St Vincent Land So Beautiful
Capital
(and largest city)
Kingstown
13°10′N, 61°14′W
Official languages English
Demonym Vincentian
Government Parliamentary democracy (constitutional monarchy)
 -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Governor-General Sir Frederick Ballantyne
 -  Prime Minister Ralph Gonsalves
Independence
 -  from the United Kingdom 27 October 1979 
Area
 -  Total 389 km² (201st)
150 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2005 estimate 119,000 (190th)
 -  Density 307/km² (39th)
792/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2002 estimate
 -  Total $342 million (212nd)
 -  Per capita $7,493 (82nd)
HDI (2004) 0.759 (medium) (88th)
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC-4)
Internet TLD .vc
Calling code +1 784

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island nation in the Lesser Antilles chain of the Caribbean Sea. Its 389-km² territory consists of the main island of Saint Vincent and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines. The country has a British colonial history and is now part of the Commonwealth of Nations and CARICOM. Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines. ... Image File history File links St_Vincent_and_the_Grenadines_coa. ... Flag ratio: 7:11 The flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was adopted on October 21, 1985. ... The Coat of arms of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is surmounted by a cotton plant and bears the text Peace and Justice in Latin. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogising the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognised either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... St. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Most Vincentians are the descendants of African slaves brought to the island to work on plantations. ... Kingstown Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Location Map Kingstown, estimated population 15,900 (July 1999), is the chief port of Saint Vincent, and the capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not bound by a... The countries of the Commonwealth Realm share the same monarch. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This page contains a list of Governors-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Sir Frederick Nathaniel Ballantyne is the Governor-General of St. ... This page lists chief ministers and prime minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Ralph Everard Gonsalves (born August 8, 1946), also known as Comrade Ralph, is the Prime Minister of St Vincent and the Grenadines. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP The purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2006) (colour-blind compliant map) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... The East Caribbean dollar (currency code XCD) is the currency of eight members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... “UTC” redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .vc is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Area code 784 is the local telephone area code of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... An island arc is a type of archipelago formed by plate tectonics as one oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another and produces magma. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean Sea (pronounced or ) is a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere, part of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The Grenadines are a Caribbean island chain of over 600 islands in the Windward Islands. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... Map showing CARICOM members, associates and observers Seat of Secretariat Georgetown, Guyana Official languages English4 Membership  15 full members1  5 associate members2  7 observers3 Leaders  -  Secretary-General Edwin W. Carrington (since 1992)  -  CARICOM Heads of Government   Establishment  -  August 1, 1973  Website http://www. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Carib Indians aggressively prevented European settlement on St. Vincent until the 18th century. Enslaved Africans - whether shipwrecked or escaped from Barbados, St. Lucia and Grenada and seeking refuge in mainland St. Vincent, or Hairouna as it was originally named by the Caribs - intermarried with the Caribs and became known as Garifuna or Black Caribs. Beginning in 1719, French settlers cultivated coffee, tobacco, indigo, cotton, and sugar on plantations worked by enslaved Africans. In 1763, St. Vincent was ceded to Britain. Restored to French rule in 1779, St. Vincent was regained by the British under the Treaty of Paris (1783) in which Great Britain officially recognized the end of the American Revolution. Ancillary treaties were also signed with France and Spain, known as the Treaties of Versailles of 1783, part of which put St. Vincent back under British control. Conflict between the British and the Black Caribs, led by defiant Paramount Chief Joseph Chatoyer, continued until 1796, when General Sir Ralph Abercromby crushed a revolt fomented by the French radical Victor Hugues. More than 5,000 Black Caribs were eventually deported to Roatán, an island off the coast of Honduras. Kingstown, St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Garífuna is a spanish term for the people and language of the Garínagu. ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Painting by Benjamin WEST WHO PEES ONJohn Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... Joseph Chatoyer (d. ... Sir Ralph Abercromby (sometimes spelled Abercrombie) (October 7, 1734–March 28, 1801) was a British lieutenant-general noted for his services during the Napoleonic Wars. ... Roatán, located between the islands of Utila and Guanaja (), is the largest of Honduras Bay Islands. ...


Slavery was abolished in 1834. After the apprenticeship period, which ended prematurely in 1838, labour shortages on the plantations resulted in the immigration of indentured servants. The Portuguese came from Madeira starting in the 1840s and shiploads of East Indian labourers arrived between 1861-1880. Conditions remained harsh for both former slaves and immigrant agricultural workers, as depressed world sugar prices kept the economy stagnant until the turn of the century. This article is about the abolition of slavery. ... Year 1834 (MDCCCXXXIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


From 1763 until independence, St. Vincent passed through various stages of colonial status under the British. A representative assembly was authorized in 1776, Crown Colony government installed in 1877, a legislative council created in 1925, and universal adult suffrage granted in 1951.


During this period, the British made several unsuccessful attempts to affiliate St. Vincent with other Windward Islands in order to govern the region through a unified administration. The colonies themselves, desirous of freedom from British rule, made a notable attempt at unification called West Indies Federation, which collapsed in 1962. St. Vincent was granted associate statehood status on October 27th, 1969, giving it complete control over its internal affairs. Following a referendum in 1979, under Milton Cato St. Vincent and the Grenadines became the last of the Windward Islands to gain independence on the 10th anniversary of its associate statehood status, October 27th, 1979. Flag Motto To dwell together in unity Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Chaguaramas Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy Queen Elizabeth II Governor-General Lord Hailes Prime minister Grantley Herbert Adams¹ History  - Established January 3, 1958  - Disestablished May 31, 1962 Area  - 1960 20,253 km² Population  - 1960 est. ...


Natural disasters have featured in the country's history. In 1902, La Soufrière volcano erupted, killing 2,000 people. Much farmland was damaged, and the economy deteriorated. In April 1979, La Soufrière erupted again. Although no one was killed, thousands had to be evacuated, and there was extensive agricultural damage. In 1980 and 1987, hurricanes compromised banana and coconut plantations; 1998 and 1999 also saw very active hurricane seasons, with Hurricane Lenny in 1999 causing extensive damage to the west coast of the island. La Soufrière is a volcano and the highest peak on the island of Saint Vincent in the West Indies. ... Lowest pressure 933 mbar (hPa; 27. ...


See Treaty of Paris (1763) The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ...


Politics

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a full member of the OECS.

St. Vincent and the Grenadines is a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth of Nations. Queen Elizabeth II is head of state and is represented on the island by a governor general, an office with mostly ceremonial functions. Control of the government rests with the prime minister and the cabinet. There is a parliamentary opposition made of the largest minority stakeholder in general elections, headed by the leader of the opposition. Politics of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines takes place in the framework of an independent parliamentary democratic Commonwealth Realm with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state, represented by a Governor General, who acts on the advice of the prime minister and the cabinet. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_OECS.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States User:Nightstallion/currencies User:Mysid/flags Image:Oecsflag1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_OECS.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States User:Nightstallion/currencies User:Mysid/flags Image:Oecsflag1. ... Map of the Eastern Caribbean showing OECS member states (dark green) and associate member states (light green) Secretariat Castries, St. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... A Governor-General is most generally a governor of high rank, or a principal governor ranking above ordinary governors. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... Parliamentary opposition is a form of political opposition to a designated government, particularly in a Westminster-based parliamentary system. ...


The country has no formal armed forces, though Royal Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Police Force includes a Special Service Unit.


Saint Vincent and the Grenadines are a full & participating member of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). Map showing CARICOM members, associates and observers Seat of Secretariat Georgetown, Guyana Official languages English4 Membership  15 full members1  5 associate members2  7 observers3 Leaders  -  Secretary-General Edwin W. Carrington (since 1992)  -  CARICOM Heads of Government   Establishment  -  August 1, 1973  Website http://www. ... Map of the Eastern Caribbean showing OECS member states (dark green) and associate member states (light green) Secretariat Castries, St. ...


Administrative divisions

Administratively, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is divided into six parishes, with five on Saint Vincent, and the Grenadines together comprising the sixth. Kingstown is located in the Parish of St. George and is the capital city and central administrative centre of the nation. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is divided into six parishes. ... Parish Hall of St. ... Kingstown Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Location Map Kingstown, estimated population 15,900 (July 1999), is the chief port of Saint Vincent, and the capital of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ...

Charlotte Parish, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Grenadines is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Saint Andrew is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Saint David is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Saint George is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Saint Patrick is an administrative parish of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ...

Geography

Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines lies between Saint Lucia and Grenada in the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles, an island arc of the Caribbean Sea. The islands of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines include the main island of Saint Vincent (344 km²) and the northern two-thirds of the Grenadines (45 km²), a chain of small islands stretching south from Saint Vincent to Grenada. Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago Geographic coordinates: 13°15′ N 61°12′ W Map references: Central America and the Caribbean Area: total: 389 km² (Saint Vincent 344 km²) land: 389 km² water: 0 km² Area - comparative: twice the size of Washington, DC Land... Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Map of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... The Windward Islands are the southern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... Location of the Lesser Antilles (green) in relation to the rest of the Caribbean Islands of the Lesser Antilles The Lesser Antilles, also known as the Caribbees,[1] are part of the Antilles, which together with the Bahamas and Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ... An island arc is a type of archipelago formed by plate tectonics as one oceanic tectonic plate subducts under another and produces magma. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean The Caribbean Sea (pronounced or ) is a tropical sea in the Western Hemisphere, part of the Atlantic Ocean, southeast of the Gulf of Mexico. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... The Grenadines are a Caribbean island chain of over 600 islands in the Windward Islands. ...


Economy

Agriculture, dominated by banana production, is the most important sector of this lower-middle-income economy. The services sector, based mostly on a growing tourist industry, is also important. The government has been relatively unsuccessful at introducing new industries, and a high unemployment rate of 22% continues. The continuing dependence on a single crop represents the biggest obstacle to the islands' development; tropical storms wiped out substantial portions of crops in both 1994 and 1995. The tourism sector has considerable potential for development over the next decade. The recent filming of the Pirates of the Caribbean movies on the island has also helped to increase tourism and expose the country to the wider world. Recent growth has been stimulated by strong activity in the construction sector and an improvement in tourism. There is a small manufacturing sector and a small offshore financial sector whose particularly restrictive secrecy laws have caused some international concern. In addition the natives of Bequia are permitted to hunt up to 4 Humpback Whales per year under IWC subsistence quotas. The St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Tourist redirects here. ... The Pirates of the Caribbean films are a trilogy of pirate adventure films directed by Gore Verbinski, written by Ted Elliott and Terry Rossio and produced by Jerry Bruckheimer. ... Admiralty Bay Bequia in 1966 Bequia ( pronounced beck-way ) is the largest island in the Grenadines. ... Binomial name Borowski, 1781 Humpback Whale range The Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) is a baleen whale. ... IWC stands for: International Watch Co - A watch manufacturer in Switzerland International Whaling Commission The Internet Wrestling Community, a term for fans of professional wrestling who discuss it online. ...


Demographics

Most Vincentians are the descendants of African slaves brought to the island to work on plantations. There also are a few white descendants of English colonists and Portuguese migrants, a diverse mix of the two as well as some East Indians, Carib Indians, and a sizable minority of mixed race. The country's official language is English. French Creole used to be more widely spoken, but now it has been declining to almost nothing on the island. St. Vincent has a high rate of emigration. With extremely high unemployment and under-employment, population growth remains a major problem. Most Vincentians are the descendants of African slaves brought to the island to work on plantations. ...

Port Elizabeth, Bequia


Download high resolution version (867x561, 92 KB)Photo by Joyce Hill who gives permission to use it. ... Download high resolution version (867x561, 92 KB)Photo by Joyce Hill who gives permission to use it. ...

Communications

In 2005, St. Vincent and the Grenadines had 22,500 telephone land lines. Its land telephone system is fully automatic and covers the entire island and all of the inhabited Grenadine islands. In 2004, there were 57,000 mobile phones. There is mobile phone coverage for most of St. Vincent as well as the Grenadines.


In 2007, it had nine radio stations (all FM). It has one television broadcast station and one cable television provider.


The country has two ISPs: Cable and Wireless [1] and Karib Kable. Cable and Wireless is a British telecommunications company. ...


See also

St. ... Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 1,040 km paved: 320 km unpaved: 720 km (1996 est. ... The Scout Association of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the national Scouting organization of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. ... Wesley Charles (born December 12, 1975) is capped at International level for St Vincent and the Grenadines and played in 10 of 12 World Cup Qualifiers in 2000, scoring twice. ...

References

  • Bobrow, Jill & Jinkins, Dana. 1985. St. Vincent and the Grenadines. 4th Edition Revised and Updated, Concepts Publishing Co., Waitsfield, Vermont, 1993.
  • Gonsalves, Ralph E. 1994. History and the Future: A Caribbean Perspective. Quik-Print, Kingstown, St. Vincent.
  • Williams, Eric. 1964. British Historians and the West Indies, Port-of-Spain.
  • CIA Factbook entry
  • US Dept of State Profile

External links

Geographic locale
International membership

  Results from FactBites:
 
Tourism Saint Vincent and the Grenadines brève description de Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (181 words)
Tourism Saint Vincent and the Grenadines brève description de Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Tous les hôtels en Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
The majority of Saint Vincent’s inhabitants are descendants of African slaves.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - MSN Encarta (1196 words)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, independent country in the West Indies, consisting of the island of Saint Vincent and the northern islands of the Grenadines group.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is the third smallest country in the Western Hemisphere in area, after Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Grenada.
Education is compulsory in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines from the ages of 5 to 15, and government-run primary and secondary schools are free.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m