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Encyclopedia > Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands
Map of U.S. Virgin Islands
Map of U.S. Virgin Islands

Saint Thomas is an island in the Caribbean Sea, a county and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States. Located on the island is the territorial capital and port of Charlotte Amalie. As of the 2000 census, the population of Saint Thomas was 51,181 [1], about 47 percent of the U.S. Virgin Islands total. The district has a land area of 80.9 km² (31.24 sq mi). File links The following pages link to this file: U.S. Virgin Islands Geography of the U.S. Virgin Islands Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... File links The following pages link to this file: U.S. Virgin Islands Geography of the U.S. Virgin Islands Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean Caribbean Sea from space (top left). ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The United States Virgin Islands are administratively divided into 3 districts, which are subdivided into 20 sub-districts. ... Charlotte Amalie is the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ...

Contents

Sub-districts

Districts and Sub-districts of the US Virgin Islands
Districts and Sub-districts of the US Virgin Islands

Saint Thomas is divided into the following sub-districts: Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 487 pixel Image in higher resolution (1025 × 624 pixel, file size: 15 KB, MIME type: image/png) Administrative divisions (districts and sub-districts) of the U.S. Virgin Islands. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 487 pixel Image in higher resolution (1025 × 624 pixel, file size: 15 KB, MIME type: image/png) Administrative divisions (districts and sub-districts) of the U.S. Virgin Islands. ...

  1. Charlotte Amalie
  2. East End
  3. Northside
  4. Southside
  5. Tutu
  6. Water Island
  7. West End
  8. Jahyard

((clear) Charlotte Amalie is the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America. ... Water Island is the fourth and most recent main island in the U.S. Virgin Islands, a United States territory located in the Caribbean Sea. ...


Pre-colonial history

The island was originally settled around 1500 B.C. by the Ciboney people. They were later replaced by the Arawaks and then the Caribs. Christopher Columbus sighted the island in 1493 on his second voyage to the "New World". The Caribs seem not to have survived the first decades of contact with Europeans, either due to disease or deportation and extermination. Pirates likely made use of the island as an occasional base in the next 150 years. (Redirected from 1500 B.C.) Centuries: 17th century BC - 16th century BC - 15th century BC Decades: 1550s BC 1540s BC 1530s BC 1520s BC 1510s BC - 1500s BC - 1490s BC 1480s BC 1470s BC 1460s BC 1450s BC Events and Trends Stonehenge built in Wiltshire, England The element Mercury has... Ciboney (also Siboney) is a word derived from the Caribbean Indian language of the Arawak. ... The term Arawak (from aru, the Lokono word for cassava flour), was used to designate the Amerindians encountered by the Spanish in the Caribbean. ... This article is about the Island Carib, who lived on the islands of the Caribbean. ... Christopher Columbus (1451 – May 20, 1506) was a navigator and maritime explorer credited as the discoverer of the Americas. ... 1493 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, c. ... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Danish colonial period

The Danish established a presence on Saint Thomas as early as 1666, and by 1672 had established control over the entire island through the Danish West India and Guinea Company. The land was divided into plantations and sugar cane production became the primary economic activity. As a result, the economies of Saint Thomas and neighboring islands of Saint John and Saint Croix became highly dependent on slave labor and the slave trade. In 1685 the Brandenburg American Company took control of the slave trade on Saint Thomas, and for some time the largest slave auctions in the world were held there. Saint Thomas was known for its fine natural harbor, known as "Taphus" for the drinking establishments located nearby. In 1691 the primary settlement there was renamed Charlotte Amalie in honor of the wife of Denmark's King Christian V. It was later declared a free port by King Frederick V. 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... The Danish West India Company, or Danish West India-Guinea Company, was a Danish chartered company that exploited several colonies: Danish West Indies (Antillian) Danish Gold Coast (in present Ghana) Categories: | | ... // This article is about crop plantations. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Saint John is the smallest of the three main United States Virgin Islands (USVI), a United States territory. ... Saint Croix from space, January 1993 Saint Croix is one of the United States Virgin Islands, a United States territory, in the Caribbean. ... Slave redirects here. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... German colonial empire The German colonial empire was an overseas area formed in the late 19th century as part of the Hohenzollern dynastys German Empire. ... A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences), or haven, is a place where ships may shelter from the weather or are stored. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... Charlotte Amalie is the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America. ... Christian V (April 14, 1646 in Flensburg - August 25, 1699 in Copenhagen), was king of Denmark and Norway from 1670-1699. ... A free port (porto franco) or free zone (US: Foreign-Trade Zone) is a port or area with relaxed jurisdiction with respect to the country of location. ... Frederick V, painting by Carl Gustaf Pilo Statue of Frederick V in the center of Amalienborg by Jacques François Joseph Saly Frederick V (March 31, 1723 – January 13, 1766) was king of Denmark and Norway from 1746, son of Christian VI of Denmark and Sophia Magdalen of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. ...


While the sugar trade had brought prosperity to the island's free citizens, by the early 19th century Saint Thomas was in decline. The continued export of sugar was threatened by hurricanes, drought, and American competition. In 1848, slavery was abolished and the resulting rise in labour costs further weakened the position of Saint Thomas' sugar producers. Given its harbors and fortifications, Saint Thomas still retained a strategic importance, and thus in the 1860s the United States government considered buying the island and its neighbors from Denmark for $7.5 million, but failed to find domestic legislative support for the bid. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


American acquisition

"Beautiful Harbor of St. Thomas, West Indies", stereoptical view, c. 1900
"Beautiful Harbor of St. Thomas, West Indies", stereoptical view, c. 1900

In 1917 St. Thomas was purchased (along with Saint John and Saint Croix) by the United States for $25 million, as part of a defensive strategy to maintain control over the Caribbean and the Panama Canal during the First World War. P.W. Sparks, a U.S. Naval officer, designed the flag that now represents the United States Virgin Islands. Sparks married a local Virgin Island woman, Grace Joseph Sparks; when Sparks' superior, Rear Adm. Kitelle, commissioned the design for the flag, P.W. Sparks asked his wife and her sister, Blanche Joseph (later Sasso) to sew the first flag. That flag was used until such time as a factory produced flag could be acquired. The flag's inspiration came from the U.S. Presidential seal. Sparks decided to have the eagle facing the olive branches (which represented peace) rather than the arrows (which represented the three islands: St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John). (At the request of the Sparks family, this piece of history was entered into the Congressional Record in Washington, D.C., on April 30th, 1986, vol.132, No.56, by the congressional delegate, Ron de Lugo.) Every year Transfer Day is recognized as a holiday which celebrates the acquisition of the islands by the United States in 1917. Download high resolution version (1338x668, 410 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1338x668, 410 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Stereo card image modified for crossed eye viewing. ... Year 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Two Panamax running the Miraflores Locks The Panama Canal (Spanish: ) is a major ship canal that traverses the Isthmus of Panama in Central America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. ... Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna... Transfer Day is a holiday celebrated in the U.S. Virgin Islands on March 31. ...


U.S. citizenship was granted to the residents in 1927. The U.S. Department of the Interior took over administrative duties in 1931. American forces were based on the island during the Second World War. In 1954, passage of the U.S. Virgin Islands Organic Act officially granted territorial status to the three islands, and allowed for the formation of a local senate with politics dominated by the American Republican and Democratic parties. Full home rule was achieved in 1970. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar). ... The United States Department of the Interior (DOI) is a Cabinet department of the United States government that manages and conserves most federally owned land. ... 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In the history of the United States, an organized territory is a territory for which the United States Congress has enacted an Organic Act. ... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Devolution or home rule is the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a state to government at national, regional or local level. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The post-war era also saw the rise of tourism on the island. With relatively cheap air travel and the American embargo on Cuba, the numbers of visitors greatly increased. Despite natural disasters such as Hurricane Hugo (1989) and Hurricanes Luis and Marilyn (1995), the island's infrastructure continues to improve as the flow of visitors continues. For delayed access after publication, see Embargo (academic publishing). ... Lowest pressure 918 mbar (hPa; 27. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Duration: Aug. ... Hurricane Marilyn was the thirteenth named storm of the unusually busy 1995 Atlantic hurricane season, following closely on the heels of Hurricane Luis. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Transportation

St. Thomas street sign letting drivers know that they are supposed to drive on the left hand side of the road.
St. Thomas street sign letting drivers know that they are supposed to drive on the left hand side of the road.

The island is serviced by the Cyril E. King Airport. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 635 KB) Summary This is a photo of a street sign taken just outside the Marriott Frenchmans Reef hotel on St. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 635 KB) Summary This is a photo of a street sign taken just outside the Marriott Frenchmans Reef hotel on St. ... Cyril E. King Airport is on the island of St. ...


The USVI is the only place under United States jurisdiction where the rule of the road is to drive on the left. This was inherited from what was then-current Danish practice at the time of annexation, to limit losses of livestock. However, because St. Thomas is a U.S. territory, most cars are imported from the mainland United States and as a result, the steering column is located on the left side of the vehicle. It has been suggested that Side of the road (traffic) be merged into this article or section. ...


See also Transportation in the United States Virgin Islands Railways: 0 km Highways: total: 856 km paved: NA km unpaved: NA km Note: The USVI is the only place under United States jurisdiction where the rule of the road is to drive on the left. ...


Notable people from St. Thomas

  • World champion boxer Julian Jackson was born on St. Thomas
  • Actor / Director / Producer Kelsey Grammer was born on St. Thomas
  • Hip hop musician Doug E. Fresh was born on St. Thomas
  • Camille Pissarro (1830-1903) born July 10th on the Caribbean island of St. Thomas, Danish West Indies; to Abraham Gabriel Pissarro, of Sephardic Jewish ancestry, and Rachel Manzano-Pomié, a Dominican of Spanish descent. Pissarro was a key member of the French Impressionist group of painters. The Pissarro family, French and Jewish in origin, had settled in the Danish colony of St. Thomas.
  • Emile Griffith is a former boxer who won world championships in both the Welterweight and Middleweight divisions.
  • Claude A. ("Bennie") Benjamin was a songwriter, often teaming with George David Weiss. Most famous for writing Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood.
  • Alton Augustus Adams, first African American band master for the United States Navy.
  • Judah Benjamin, was an American politician and lawyer, who served as a representative in the Louisiana state legislature.
  • Denmark Vesey – leader of planned slave uprising in Charleston, South Carolina
  • Elrod Hendricks – professional baseball player, Baltimore Orioles
  • Edward Wilmot Blyden (1832-1912), an Igbo in Diaspora, is credited in some history books as having laid the foundation of West African nationalism and Pan-Africanism.
  • Midre Cummings, baseball player
  • David Levy Yulee (June 12, 1810–October 10, 1886) was an American politician and the first member of the United States Senate to have been, at one time, a practicing Jew.
  • Edward Blyden, ambassador
  • Frank Rudolph Crosswaith, union leader
  • Rothschild Francis, union leader
  • Elizabeth Anna Hendrickson, civil rights leader
  • Roy Innis, civil rights leader
  • J. Raymond Jones, political activist
  • William Alexander Leidesdorff, entrepreneur
  • Terence Todman, ambassador
  • Ashley Graham, union leader
  • Kitwana Rhymer, basketball player in China who also played at UMass
  • Paul Birchill, a former WWE wrestler now with Ohio Valley Wrestling, is billed as being from St. Thomas, Virgin Islands but is actually from the United Kingdom.

See also People from the United States Virgin Islands Julian Jackson is a boxer out of the Virgin Islands, who usually won by knockout. ... Allen Kelsey Grammer (born February 21, 1955 in Saint Thomas, US Virgin Islands) is an Emmy-winning American actor, best known for his twenty-year portrayal of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane in the sitcoms Cheers and Frasier. ... Doug E. Fresh is the stage name of Douglas E. Davis (born 1966), an American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer. ... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ... In the strictest sense, a Sephardi (ספרדי, Standard Hebrew Səfardi, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardî; plural Sephardim: ספרדים, Standard Hebrew Səfardim, Tiberian Hebrew Səp̄ardîm) is a Jew original to the... Emile Griffith (born February 3, 1938) is a former boxer from the U.S. Virgin Islands who won world championships in both the Welterweight and Middleweight divisions. ... Alton Adams (1922) in his Naval Uniform Alton Augustus Adams, Sr. ... Judah P. Benjamin Judah Philip Benjamin (August 6, 1811 - May 6, 1884) was a British-American politician and lawyer, who served as a representative in the Louisiana State Legislature, as U.S. Senator for Louisiana, in three successive cabinet posts in the government of the Confederate States of America, and... Denmark Vesey (originally Telemaque, 1767?-1822) was an African American slave and, later, a freeman, who is alleged to have planned what would have been a large slave rebellion had word of the plans not been leaked. ... Elrod Jerome (Ellie) Hendricks (December 22, 1940 - December 21, 2005) was a catcher and coach in Major League Baseball. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 4, 5, 8, 20, 22, 33, 42 Name Baltimore Orioles (1954–present) St. ... Edward Wilmot Blyden (1832-1912) was an educator, writer, diplomat, and politician in Liberia and Sierra Leone. ... Midre Cummings (born 10/14/1971) is a baseball outfielder who currently plays for the Baltimore Orioles. ... David Levy Yulee was the first U.S. Senator to have practiced Judaism at one time. ... Frank Rudolph Crosswaith was a longtime socialist and labor leader in New York City. ... Roy Emile Alfredo Innis (born June 6, 1934, in St. ... Terrance Alphonso Todman (b. ... Ashley Graham is a fictional character in the video game, Resident Evil 4. ... The University of Massachusetts (commonly referred to as UMass) is the five-campus public university system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Paul Birchall (also known as Paul Burchill) is a British professional wrestler, who works for World Wrestling Entertainment on its SmackDown! brand. ...


Points of interest

Christiansted National Historic Site commemorates urban colonial development of the Virgin Islands. ... Magens Bay () is a world-famous beach on Saint Thomas, United States Virgin Islands, located in the Caribbean. ... The Magens Bay Arboretum (5 acres) is an arboretum located just inland of Magens Bay, Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. ... Blackbeards Castle is one of five National Historic Landmarks in the U.S. Virgin Islands. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
St. Thomas

Districts of the United States Virgin Islands, United States Census Bureau Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


Official sites

  • United States Virgin Islands - Official Website for the United States Virgin Islands Department of Tourism

Media and news

Territory of the United States Virgin Islands
Charlotte Amalie (capital)
Topics

Geography | Economy | Demographics | Communications | Transportation Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States_Virgin_Islands. ... This article is about the various forms of the jurisdiction of the United States. ... Charlotte Amalie is the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... ~Population: 120,917 (July 2000 est. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 58,000 (1995) Telephones - mobile cellular: 2,000 (1992) Telephone system: domestic: modern, uses fiber-optic cable and microwave radio relay international: submarine cable and satellite communications; satellite earth stations - NA Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 11, shortwave 0 (1998) Radios: 107,000 (1997...

Government

Politics | Governors | Congressional Delegates | Senators | Elections To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... List of U.S. Virgin Islands Governors 1917 - 1917 Edwin Taylor Pollock 1917 - 1919 James Harrison Oliver 1919 - 1921 Joseph Wallace Oman 1921 - 1922 Sumner Ely Wetmore Kittelle 1922 - 1923 Henry Hughes Hough 1923 - 1925 Philip Williams 1925 - 1927 Martin Edwin Trench 1927 - 1931 Waldo A. Evans 1931 - 1935 Paul... These are tables of congressional delegations from United States Virgin Islands to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... 26th Legislature of the U.S. Virgin Islands (2005-2006) Senator At-Large (Saint John) Craig W. Barshinger (Democratic Party) Saint Croix Senators Norman Jn Baptiste (Senate Vice President) Pedro Pete Encarnacion (Democratic Party) Neville James (Democratic Party) Terrence Positive Nelson (ICM) Usie Raymond Richards (ICM) Ronald E. Russell (Democratic... Elections in the U.S. Virgin Islands gives information on election and election results in the U.S. Virgin Islands. ...

Cities

Charlotte Amalie | Charlotte Amalie West | Christiansted | Frederiksted | Cruz Bay | Anna's Retreat This is a list of cities in the fifty United States as well as U.S.-owned territories (Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, and American Samoa) and the District of Columbia. ... Charlotte Amalie is the capital of the U.S. Virgin Islands, a territory of the United States of America. ... Charlotte Amalie West is a town in St. ... Christiansted is a town on St. ... Frederiksted is a town on the west end of the U.S. Virgin Island of St. ... Cruz Bay is the main town on the island of Saint John in the United States Virgin Islands. ... Annas Retreat is a town in St. ...

Islands

Saint Croix | Saint John | Saint Thomas | Water Island | Other Saint Croix from space, January 1993 Saint Croix is an island in the Caribbean Sea and a constituent of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States. ... Oppenheimer Beach, in St John, U.S. Virgin Islands. ... Water Island is the fourth and most recent main island in the U.S. Virgin Islands, a United States territory located in the Caribbean Sea. ... The United States Virgin Islands is a group of islands in the Caribbean. ...

Parks

Virgin Islands NP | Virgin Islands Coral Reef NM | Buck Island Reef NM | Christiansted NHS | Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. ... Established in 1980, Virgin Islands National Park is a United States National Park covering approximately 60% of the island of Saint John in the U.S. Virgin Islands. ... The Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument is a U.S. National Monument located off of Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands. ... Buck Island Reef National Monument, or just Buck Island is a small, uninhabited, 176-acre island about 1. ... Christiansted is a town on St. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Coordinates: 18°20′N, 64°55′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1030 words)
Saint Thomas is an island in the Caribbean Sea and a constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
In 1917 St. Thomas was purchased (along with Saint John and Saint Croix) by the United States for $25 million, as part of a defensive strategy to maintain control over the Caribbean and the Panama Canal during the First World War.
U.S. citizenship was granted to the residents in 1927.
Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1348 words)
Saint John is an island in the Caribbean Sea and a constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI), an unincorporated territory of the United States.
He named the island group "Once Mil Virgenes", or Eleven Thousand Virgins, in honor of the feast day of Saint Ursula and the 11,000 virgins who were said to have been martyred with her.
The Virgin Islands are an organized, unincorporated territory of the US and, since 1972, have elected their own Governor and have a large degree of self-rule through a small, 15-seat local legislature.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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