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Encyclopedia > Saint Sava
Saint Sava
Свети Сава

Fresco of Saint Sava from the Mileševa monastery
Archbishop of the Serbs
Born ca. 1175
Died January 14, 1235, Tarnovgrad, Bulgaria
Venerated in Eastern Orthodox Church
Major shrine Temple of Saint Sava (Belgrade)
Feast 14 January (Gregorian calendar), 27 January (Julian calendar)
Patronage Serbia and Serbs
Saints Portal

Saint Sava (Serbian: Свети Сава, Romanized: Sveti Sava) (1175 - January 14, 1235), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjić (Serbian: Растко Немањић) (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovenčani, first Serbian king), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233), the most important saint in the Serbian Orthodox Church and important cultural and political worker of that time. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... MileÅ¡eva monastery. ... The Latin word circa, literally meaning about, is often used to describe various dates (often birth and death dates) that are uncertain. ... Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as: the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles, having maintained unbroken the link between its clergy and the Apostles by means of Apostolic Succession. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... The (Orthodox) Temple of Saint Sava (Serbian: Храм Светог Саве) in Belgrade, Serbia is the largest Orthodox Church Temple currently in use. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar in the world. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... A romanization or latinization is a system for representing a word or language with the Roman (Latin) alphabet, where the original word or language used a different writing system. ... Events Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory OConner), last High King of Ireland, submits to Henry II as vassal of Ireland with the Treaty of Windsor Ly Cao Ton becomes ruler of Vietnam William of Tyre becomes archbishop of Tyre Massacre of Abergavenny ends with several noblemen dead at the hands... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian language 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Stefan Nemanja (Old Church Slavonic: Стѣфань, Serbian: Стефан Немања, pronounced ) (1109-13 February 1199) was a Medieval Serb nobleman, descended from the Vukanović who was Grand Prince (Serbian: Велики Жупан) of the medieval Serb state of Rascia (Рашка) in 1166-1199. ... Stefan Prvovenčani (lit. ... This is a list of Patriarchs of Serbia, the person known officially as Patriarch of all Serbia, Archbishop of Pec, Metropolitan of Belgrade and Karlovci. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... // Events Fortress of Kalan built. ... Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church The MONTENEGRO Orthodox Church (crnogorski: Crnogorska Православна Црква / Crnogorska Pravoslavna Crkva; СПЦ / SPC) or the Church of Montenegro is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches, ranking sixth after Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Russia. ...

Contents

Early life

In his youth (c. 1192), he fled from his home to join the orthodox monastic colony on Mount Athos (Holy Mountain on the Chalkidiki peninsula) and was given the name Sava. He first traveled to a Russian monastery and then moved to the Greek Monastery of Vatopedi. At the end of 1197 his father, who on becoming a monk was named Simeon joined him. In 1198 they together moved to and restored the abandoned monastery Hilandar, which was at that time the center of Serbian Christian monastic life, and remains one of the seventeen monasteries there. // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Capital Karyes Official languages Koine Greek and Church Slavonic (both liturgical); Modern Greek, Russian, Serbian, Georgian, Bulgarian, Romanian (civil use) Government  -  Head of State2 Dora Bakoyannis  -  Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I Area  -  Total 390 km²  150 sq mi  Population  -   estimate 2,250  Demonyms: Athonite, Hagiorite (English); Αθωνίτης, Αγιορίτης (Greek). ... Categories: Greece geography stubs ... The holy monastery of Vatopedi was built during the second half of the 10th century, by three monks, Athanasius, Nicholas and Antonius from Adrinople, who were the pupils of St. ... Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... Simeon, Symeon, or Shimon is a Hebrew name (שִׁמְעוֹן) meaning hearkening; listening, pronounced in Biblical Hebrew Å imÊ¿on, Tiberian Hebrew Å imʿôn. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Toba of Japan Emperor Tsuchimikado ascends to the throne of Japan January 8 - Pope Innocent III ascends Papal Throne Frederick II, infant son of German King Henry VI, crowned King of Sicily Births August 24 - Alexander II of Scotland (d. ... Hilandar (Greek Chilandar) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery on Mount Athos in Greece, traditionally occupied and maintained by the Serbian Orthodox Church. ...


St. Sava's father took the monastic vows under the name Simeon and died in Hilandar on February 13, 1199. He is also canonised, as Saint Simeon. Hilandar (Greek Chilandar) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery on Mount Athos in Greece, traditionally occupied and maintained by the Serbian Orthodox Church. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Stefan Nemanja (Стефан Немања) (Stefan I) (ca 1132-February 13, 1199 or 1200) was the Grand Župan of Raška (Rascia), located in the central west region of the Balkans from 1166 or 1168 to 1196. ...


Serbian Orthodox Church

After his father's death, Sava retreated to an ascetic monastery in Kareya which he built himself in 1199. He also wrote the Kareya Typicon both for Hilandar and for the monastery of ascetism. The last typicon is inscribed into the marble board at the ascetic monastery, which today also exists in it. He stayed on Athos until the end of 1207. The word ascetic derives from the ancient Greek term askesis (practice, training or exercise). ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Hilandar (Greek Chilandar) is an Eastern Orthodox monastery on Mount Athos in Greece, traditionally occupied and maintained by the Serbian Orthodox Church. ... Typikon, Typicon. ... Athos can mean: Athos – the Holy Mount Athos, one of the title characters in the novel The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas Athos, in Greek mythology, one of the Gigantes Mount Athos, a mountain and peninsula in Greece containing an ancient monastic state New Athos, a mountain and monastery in... Events Stephen Langton consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury June 17 by Pope Innocent III Births September 8 - King Sancho II of Portugal October 1 - King Henry III of England (d. ...


In 1208 Sava returned to Serbia, where the feuding between his brothers had created a state or anarchy. Sava set up his base at Studenica monastery, and started to organize the Serbian Orthodox Church in a reasonable manner. He also brought several monks with him to perform pastoral and missionary work among the people. He eventually managed to free the Serbian church from the jurisdication of the Greek Orthodox Archbishop of Ohrid. In 1219, Sava was consecrated the first archbishop of the new Serbian Church by Patriarch Manuel I of Constantinople, who was then in exile at Nicaea. Studenica The Studenica Monastery is the largest and richest Serbian Orthodox monastery. ... Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church The MONTENEGRO Orthodox Church (crnogorski: Crnogorska Православна Црква / Crnogorska Pravoslavna Crkva; СПЦ / SPC) or the Church of Montenegro is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches, ranking sixth after Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Russia. ... Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Hellēnorthódoxē Ekklēsía) can refer to any of several hierarchical churches within the larger group of mutually recognizing Eastern Orthodox churches. ... // Events Saint Francis of Assisi introduces Catholicism into Egypt, during the Fifth Crusade The Flag of Denmark fell from the sky during the Battle of Lyndanisse Ongoing events Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Births Christopher I of Denmark (died 1259) Frederick II of Austria (died 1246) Guillaume de Gisors, supposedly the... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Manuel I Charitopoulos was Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1215 to 1222. ... Iznik tiles inside the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne İznik (which derives from the former Greek name Νίκαια, Nicaea) is a city in Turkey which is known primarily as the site of the First and Second Councils of Nicaea, the first and seventh Ecumenical councils in the early history of the Christian...


Saint Sava is considered the founder of the independent Serbian Orthodox Church and Serbian Orthodox Christians celebrate him as patron saint of education and medicine. He is commemorated on January 27 according to the Julian calendar and on January 14 according to the Gregorian calendar. Since the 1830's, Saint Sava has become the patron saint of Serb schools and schoolchildren. On his day, students partake in recitals in church.[citation needed] January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Julian calendar was introduced in 46 BC by Julius Caesar and came into force in 45 BC (709 ab urbe condita). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gregorian calendar is the most widely used calendar in the world. ...

The Typicon of Kareya with the authentic signature of Saint Sava from 1199 - one of the oldest Serbian documents in the monastery of Hilandar, (detail)
The Typicon of Kareya with the authentic signature of Saint Sava from 1199 - one of the oldest Serbian documents in the monastery of Hilandar, (detail)

Sava died in Tarnovgrad in northern Bulgaria during the reign of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria, having become ill following the Divine Liturgy on the Feast of the Epiphany on January 12, 1235. He was at the time returning from the Holy Land, where he had founded a hospice for Syrian pilgrims in Jerusalem and arranged for Serbian monks to be welcome in the established monasteries there. He died of pneumonia in the evening between Saturday and Sunday, January 14, 1235. [1] He was buried at the St Forty Martyrs Church where it remained until May 6, 1237 when his sacred bones were moved to the Mileševa monastery in southern Serbia. 360 years later in 1595 the Ottoman Turks unearthed his remains and took them to Vračar hill in Belgrade where they were incinerated on a stake. The Typicon of Kareya with the authentic signature of Saint Sava from 1199 - one of the oldest Serbian documents in the monastery of Hilandar, (detail) File links The following pages link to this file: Saint Sava Categories: GFDL images ... The Typicon of Kareya with the authentic signature of Saint Sava from 1199 - one of the oldest Serbian documents in the monastery of Hilandar, (detail) File links The following pages link to this file: Saint Sava Categories: GFDL images ... Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. ... Portrait of Ivan Asen II from the Zograf Monastery on Mount Athos, 1817 Ivan Asen II (Bulgarian: Иван Асен II, and also Йоан Асен II, Ioan Asen II, in English sometimes John Asen II), emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria from 1218 to 1241. ... The Divine Liturgy is the common term for the Eucharistic service of the Byzantine tradition of Christian liturgy. ... ... January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Holy Land (Biblical). ... Palliative care is any form of medical care or treatment that concentrates on reducing the severity of the symptoms of a disease or slows its progress rather than providing a cure. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Pneumonia is an illness of the lungs and respiratory system in which the alveoli (microscopic air-filled sacs of the lung responsible for absorbing oxygen from the atmosphere) become inflamed and flooded with fluid. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... The St Forty Martyrs Church (църква Св. Четиридесет мъченици, tsarkva Sv. ... is the 126th day of the year (127th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events Thomas II of Savoy becomes count of Flanders. ... MileÅ¡eva monastery. ... Events January 30 - William Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet is performed for the first time. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ... Vračar (Serbian Cyrillic: Врачар) is the smallest of 17 municipalities of Belgrade. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ...


The Temple of Saint Sava in Belgrade, whose construction was planned in 1939, begun in 1985 and awaits completion by 2004 is the largest active Orthodox temple in the world today. It was built on the place where the bones were believed to have been burned. In reality, what is now Vracar hill was outside the city walls and not within easy reach. There was a Vračar hill on what is now Tašmajdan. This place was a Turkish execution ground and would have been a more likely candidate. Also, tradition holds the place of burning as "Čupina Umka", the tallest point in Tašmajdan.[2] The (Orthodox) Temple of Saint Sava (Serbian: Храм Светог Саве) in Belgrade, Serbia is the largest Orthodox Church Temple currently in use. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... TaÅ¡majdan Park TaÅ¡majdan Park (Serbian: TaÅ¡majdanski park; Cyrillic: Ташмајдански парк), colloquially TaÅ¡majdan or TaÅ¡, is a public park and the surrounding urban neighborhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. ...


Quotes

At first we were confused. The East thought that we were West, while the West considered us to be East. Some of us misunderstood our place in the clash of currents, so they cried that we belong to neither side, and others that we belong exclusively to one side or the other. But I tell you, Ireneus, we are doomed by fate to be the East in the West and the West in the East, to acknowledge only heavenly Jerusalem beyond us, and here on earth--no one.

St. Sava to Irenaeus, 13th Century Saint Sava (1175 or 1176 - January 12, 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjic (son of the Serbian king Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovencani, founder of the Serbian medieval state), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233) and the most important saint in the Serbian Orthodox Church. ... Irenaeus (Greek: Εἰρηναῖος), (b. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...

If you listen to me, and if God enables me to do good among you, if you become holy and one in God, there will be twofold gain and salvation will be ours.

[1]

Gallery

See also

The Hilandar Research Library is the research library of the Research Center for Medieval Slavic Studies at the Ohio State University. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Ohio, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Ohio Counties Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield Government  - Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Area  - City  212. ... The (Orthodox) Temple of Saint Sava (Serbian: Храм Светог Саве) in Belgrade, Serbia is the largest Orthodox Church Temple currently in use. ... Location of Belgrade within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District City of Belgrade Municipalities 17 Government  - Mayor Nenad Bogdanović (DS) (since 2004)  - Ruling parties DS/DSS/G17+ Area  - City 3,222. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.

External links and references

  • Online Library Cataloging System of Saint Sava
  • Collected works (Serbian)
  • SVETI SAVA society (Serbian)
  • Attwater, Donald and Catherine Rachel John. The Penguin Dictionary of Saints. 3rd edition. New York: Penguin Books, 1993. ISBN 0-140-51312-4.
Preceded by
New Title
Metropolitan of Žiča
12191233
Succeeded by
St. Arsenije I Sremac

  Results from FactBites:
 
Temple of Saint Sava - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (880 words)
The church is dedicated to Saint Sava, founder of the Serbian church and an important figure in medieval Serbia.
Saint Sava's plateau: the church is at the east of the park, and the parish home at the north.
The peak is 134 metres (439.6 ft) high (64 metres [210 ft] above the Sava river); therefore the church holds a dominant position in Belgrade's cityscape and is visible from all approaches to the city.
Saint Sava - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (582 words)
Sava managed to persuade the patriarch of the Greek/Byzantine Orthodox Church to elevate St. Sava to the position of the first Serbian Archbishop, thereby establishing the Independence of Archbishopic of the Serbian Church in the year of 1219.
Saint Sava is considered the founder of the independent Serbian Orthodox Church and Serbian Orthodox Christians celebrate him as patron saint of education and medicine.
The Temple of Saint Sava in Belgrade, whose construction was planned in 1939, begun in 1985 and awaits completion by 2004 is the largest active Orthodox temple in the world today.
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