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Encyclopedia > Saint Piran's Flag
Saint Piran's Flag
Saint Piran's Flag

Saint Piran's Flag is the flag of Cornwall. The banner of Saint Piran is a vertical white cross on a black background. Saint Piran is supposed to have adopted these two colours from seeing the molten tin spilling out of the black ore in his fire. This occurred during his supposed discovery of tin. Black and white is also a representation of good over evil. Image File history File links Flag_of_Cornwall. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cornwall. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... For the coastal town and a municipality in southwestern Slovenia please see Piran (Italian Pirano) Saint Piran or Perran is the patron saint of tin-miners. ... Physics In physics, melting is the process of heating a solid substance to a point (called melting point) where it turns liquid. ... General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Standard atomic weight 118. ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ...

Contents

Origins

The earliest written evidence of this flag was recorded by Davies Gilbert in his 1838 work: 'The Parochial History of Cornwall', Vol III, p. 332. The Davies-Gilbert family is one of Britains most prestigious families. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


He gives reference to "a white cross on a black ground [that] was formerly the banner of St. Perran and the Standard of Cornwall"


There are claims that the design dates from prior to c1188 when the flag was used in the Crusades[1] and was seen in 1415 at the Battle of Agincourt.[2] The Siege of Antioch, from a medieval miniature painting, during the First Crusade. ... Combatants Kingdom of England Kingdom of France Commanders Henry V of England Charles dAlbret Strength About 6,000 (but see Modern re-assessment). ...


One of the oldest depictions of the flag can be seen in a stained glass window at Westminster Abbey. It was unveiled in 1888 in memory of the famous Cornish inventor and engineer Richard Trevithick. The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Richard Trevithick Richard Trevithick (April 13, 1771 – April 22, 1833) was a British inventor, engineer and builder of the first working railway steam locomotive. ...


The window depicts St Michael at the top and nine Cornish saints, Piran, Petroc, Pinnock, Germanus, Julian, Cyriacus, Constantin, Nonna and Geraint in tiers below. The head of St Piran appears to be a portrait of Trevithick himself and the figure carries the banner of Cornwall. [1]. Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ...


The flag is, perhaps not coincidentally, similar to the Flag of Saint David, from the fellow Celtic nation of Wales. The Flag of St David The Flag of St David is normally a gold cross on a black field, although it appears in many forms including a black cross on a gold field, or with an engrailed cross. ... The Six Nations considered the heartland of the modern Celts Celtic nations are areas of Europe inhabited by members of Celtic cultures, specifically speakers of Celtic languages. ... This article is about the country. ...


Clues to its origin

Saint Piran's flag has similarities to the Breton flag and also The Flag of Saint David. The cultural links between Brittany, Wales and Cornwall are well recorded. The Breton flag is the negative image of Saint Piran's Flag, a black cross on a white field. The Flag of Saint David shares a black backround with Saint Piran's Flag, but is surmounted by a gold, rather than a white, cross. Flag of Brittany. ... The Flag of St David The Flag of St David is normally a gold cross on a black field, although it appears in many forms including a black cross on a gold field, or with an engrailed cross. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... This article is about the country. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ...


French Family Arms

It should be noted that several French families had coats of arms that bear a striking resemblance to the St. Piran's flag: Image File history File links Borgnearms. ... Image File history File links Arneke2. ... Image File history File links Rouvroy. ...

  • Saint Peran or Saint Pezran (= Piran) of Brittany (from Glomel, in Cornouaille), is described as "sable a cross patée argent".
  • Geoffroy le Borgne of Brittany is described as "sable a cross argent" [2]
  • Rossillon de Gex, Coat of Arms described: De sable à la croix d'argent.
  • Brunet, de la Besse, Coat of Arms described: D'azur, à la croix d'argent. [3]
  • Arnèke Family Coat of Arms. [4]
  • Rouvroy de Saint-Simon, described: De sable à la croix d'argent chargée de 5 coquilles. [5] This family comes from Picardy.

Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... wazzup Categories: | ...

Usage

Saint Piran's Flag is now more commonly seen flying from flag poles across Cornwall than the Union Flag or the Cross of St George, yet only a generation ago many saw it as a nationalist symbol for Mebyon Kernow.[citation needed] However for many today it is a symbol of pride in Cornish distinctiveness rather than a political call for independence.[citation needed] Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (also known as the Union Jack; see discussion below) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The Flag of England (5:3) The Flag of England is the St Georges Cross. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... Mebyon Kernow (Cornish for Sons of Cornwall, often abbrieviated MK) is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Cornish people are a British ethnic group originating in Cornwall. ...


The flag is flown at most Cornish gatherings such as the Gorseth Kernow, St Piran's Day (5 March), Padstow Obby Oss, Helston Flora Day, Camborne Trevithick Day and at Cornish rugby matches. It is regularly seen around Cornwall on car stickers with the word 'Kernow' (Cornish for Cornwall), and is used around the world as a symbol of the Cornish diaspora or overseas Cornish associations. In Cornwall it is used on a variety of Cornish merchandising products and is seen on the Cornish Pirates rugby logo and other local companies such as Ginsters pasties use a similar emblem on their packaging and advertising. Gorseth Kernow is a Cornish organization, which exists to maintain the national Celtic spirit of Cornwall. ... Flag of Cornwall St Pirans Day is the national day of the people of Cornwall, held on 5 March every year. ... For the Sydney suburb, see Padstow, New South Wales. ... A hobby-horse is childs toy horse popular during the days before cars. ... Helston (Cornish: Hellys or Henlys) is a small town and civil parish in the Kerrier district of Cornwall, England, United Kingdom, at the northern end of the Lizard Peninsula. ... Not to be confused with Cambourne in Cambridgeshire. ... Flag of Cornwall The Cornish Rugby Football Union (CRFU) was formed in 1883. ... Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow or occasionally Curnow) is the part of Great Britains south-west peninsula that is west of the River Tamar. ... The Cornish diaspora consists of Cornish emigrants and their descendants in countries such as the United States, England, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Mexico. ... The Cornish Pirates are a professional rugby union team who play in National Division One, and are the premier Cornish rugby club. ... Ginsters is a company based in Cornwall UK, which specialises in making Cornish pasties, sausage rolls, sandwiches and other savoury snacks. ...


The unofficial 'Cornish ensign' is another flag that is sometimes used to represent the regional identity of Cornwall, although it is disliked by Cornish nationalists [6]. The White Ensign. ...


See also

This is a list of flags that are used exclusively in Cornwall. ... The flag of Cornwall (Kernow) The constitutional status of Cornwall, in the south west of Great Britain, is the subject of ongoing debate. ... The Flag of the Duchy of Brittany sometimes known as the The Kroaz Du (Black Cross). ... Flag of Cornwall // Overview In July 2000 Mebyon Kernow launched the Declaration for a Cornish Assembly campaign which some three months later led to the creation of The Cornish Constitutional Convention with the objective of establishing a devolved Assembly for Cornwall. ... This is a list of topics related to Cornwall, UK. The Cornwall category contains a more comprehensive selection of Cornish articles. ... Flag of Cornwall St Pirans Day is the national day of the people of Cornwall, held on 5 March every year. ...

External links

  • Flags of the World - Speculations of the origins of this flag.

References

  1. ^ Celtic League flags
  2. ^ Cornish flag



  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Union Jack (679 words)
The Union Flag was found in the canton (top left-hand corner) of the flags of many colonies of the UK, while the field (background) of their flags was the colour of the naval ensign flown by the particular Royal Navy squadron that patrolled that region of the World.
The flag of the United Kingdom, the Union Jack, is a superposition of the flags of Saint George (for England), Saint Andrew (for Scotland) and Saint Patrick (for Ireland).
A jack is a sea flag, a small flag, generally rather square in its proportions, flown from a flagstaff rigged on the bowsprit or stem of the vessel.
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