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Encyclopedia > Saint Maurus
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Saint Maurus was the first disciple of St. Benedict of Nursia. He is mentioned in St. Gregory the Great's biography of the latter as the first oblate; offered to the monastery by his noble parents as a young boy to be brought up in the monastic life. Four stories involving Maurus recounted by Gregory formed a pattern for the ideal formation of a Benedictine monk. The most famous of these involved St. Maurus's rescue of Saint Placidus, a younger boy offered to St. Benedict at the same time as St. Maurus. The incident has been reproduced in many medieval and Renaissance paintings. Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... Saint Gregory I, or Gregory the Great (called the Dialogist in Eastern Orthodoxy) (circa 540 - March 12, 604) was pope of the Catholic Church from September 3, 590 until his death. ... St. ...

St. Benedict orders Saint Maurus to the rescue of Saint Placidus, by Fra Filippo Lippi, ca.1445
St. Benedict orders Saint Maurus to the rescue of Saint Placidus, by Fra Filippo Lippi, ca.1445

Saint Maurus ((French) Maur, (Italian) Mauro) (feast day: January 15) Image File history File links FralippiMaurusandPlacidus. ... Image File history File links FralippiMaurusandPlacidus. ... This article is about Saint Benedict of Nursia, for other uses of the name Benedict see Benedict (disambiguation) Saint Benedict of Nursia (c. ... St. ... Madonna and Child 1440-45, tempera on panel National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC Fra Filippo Lippi (1406 - October 8?, 1469), commonly called Lippo Lippi, one of the most renowned painters of the Italian quattrocento, was born in Florence; his father, Tommaso, was a butcher. ... Events Discovery of Senegal and Cape Verde by Dinas Diaz Births March 1 - Sandro Botticelli, Italian painter (died 1510) March 16 - Johann Geiler von Kaisersberg, Swiss-born preacher (died 1510) Albert Brudzewski, Polish astronomer (died 1497) Nicolas Chuquet, French mathematician Deaths June 5 - Leonel Power, English composer June 11 - Henry... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


A long Life of St. Maurus appeared in the late 9th century, supposedy composed by one of St. Maurus's contemporaries. According to this account, the bishop of Le Mans, in western France, sent a delegation asking Benedict for a group of monks to travel from Benedict's new abbey of Monte Cassino to establish monastic life in France according to the Rule of St. Benedict. The Life recounts the long journey of St. Maurus and his companions from Italy to France, accompanied by many adventures and miracles as St. Maurus is transformed from the obedient disciple of Benedict into a powerful, miracle-working holy man in his own right. According to this account, after the great trek, St. Maurus founded Glanfeuil as the first Benedictine monastery in France. It was located on the south bank of the Loire river, a few miles east of Angers. The nave of its thirteenth-century chruch and some vineyards remain today (according to tradition, the chenin grape was first cultivated at this monastery.) The restored Abbey Monte Cassino is a rocky hill about eighty miles (130 km) south of Rome, Italy, a mile to the west of the town of Cassino (the Roman Cassinum having been on the hill) and about 1700 ft (520 m) altitude. ... St Benedict of Nursia The Rule of St Benedict by Benedict of Nursia (fl. ...


Scholars now believe that this Life of Maurus is a forgery by a 9th-century abbot of Glanfeuil, named Odo. It was composed, as were many such saints' lives in Carolingian France, to popularize local saints' cults. The bones of St. Maurus had supposedly been found at Glanfeuil by one of Odo's immediate predecessors. By the mid-9th century, the abbey had become a local pilgrimage site supplementing (or rivalling) the nearby abbeys of Fleury, which claimed to have the bones of St. Benedict himself, and Le Mans, which had supposedly obtained the bones of St. Benedict's sister, St. Scholastica. Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Saint-Maur-sur-Loire is a village of western France in the département of Maine-et-Loire on the Loire River, part of the commune of Le Thoureil, about 15 m. ... Scholastica (c. ...


Odo and the monks of Glanfeuil had been obliged to flee to Paris in the face of Vikings maurauding along the Loire. There Odo reestablished the cult of St. Maurus at the suburban Parisian abbey of Saint-Pierre-des-Fossés, later renamed Saint-Maur-des-Fossés. The cult of St. Maurus slowly spread to monasteries throughout France and by the 12th century had been adopted by Monte Cassino in Italy, along with a revived cult of St. Placidus. By the late Middle Ages, the cult of St. Maurus, often associated with St. Placidus, had spread to all Benedictine monasteries. A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Buddhist monastery near Tibet A monastery is the habitation of monks. ...


In the 18th century, the cult of St. Maurus was moved to St. Germain-des-Près where it remained a popular center until the relics were dispersed by a Parisian mob during the French Revolution. St. Maurus is still venerated by Benedictine congregations today, many monks adopting his name and dedicating monasteries to his patronage, despite scholars' doubts about his historical existence.


In art, he is depicted as a young man in the garb of a monk, holding an abbot's cross and a spade (an allusion to the monastery of Saint-Maur-des-Fossés, literally "Saint Maurus of the Moats"). A monk is a person who practices asceticism, the conditioning of mind and body in favor of the spirit. ... Rusty spade small spade for clay soil; the other one for sandy soil and loamy soil A spade is a tool fit for digging, or something resembling that. ... Saint-Maur-des-Fossés is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. ...


Another of St. Maurus' attributes is a crutch, in reference to his patronage of cripples. He was invoked against rheumatism, epilepsy, and gout. He is also sometimes shown with a scale, a reference to the scale used to measure food, given to him by Benedict. The monks of Fossés exhibited this implement throughout the Middle Ages. A knee support crutch A typical forearm crutch Crutches are medical tools used in the event that ones leg or legs may be injured or unable to support weight. ... Rheumatism or Rheumatic disorder is a non-specific term for medical problems affecting the heart, bones, joints, kidney, skin and lung. ... A doctors scale A weighing scale (usually just scale in common usage) is a device for measuring the weight of an object. ...


Sources

  • Rosa Giorgi; Stefano Zuffi (ed.), Saints in Art (Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2003), 272.
  • John B. Wickstrom: "Text and Image in the Making of a Holy Man: An Illustrated Life of Saint Maurus of Glanfeuil (MS Vat. Lat. 1202), Studies in Iconography 14(1994), 53-85.

External links

  • (English) Maurus at the Catholic Encyclopedia
  • St. Benedict's Abbey - Benedictine Brothers and Fathers in America's Heartland
  • The Holy Rule of St. Benedict - Online translation by Rev. Boniface Verheyen, OSB, of St. Benedict's Abbey
  • Benedictine College - Dynamically Catholic, Benedictine, Liberal Arts, and Residential

This article incorporates text from the public-domain Catholic Encyclopedia, so may be out of date, or reflect the point of view of the Catholic Church as of 1913. It should be edited to reflect broader and more recent perspectives. The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Catholic Encyclopedia, also referred to today as the Old Catholic Encyclopedia, is an English-language encyclopedia published in 1913 by The Encyclopedia Press. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Life of St. Maurus and the Blessing over the Sick (1057 words)
Maurus hastened down to the lake, walked upon the waters, thinking he was on dry land, and dragged Placid out by the hair, without sinking in the least himself.
When St. Maurus, at that time prior of the abbey of Monte Cassino, was returning with the brethren from gathering the harvest in the fields, he met a boy who was mute and crippled, accompanied by his parents.
When Maurus and his companions had finished their prayers and left the church, they found the blind man lying prostrate on the ground, begging and imploring the Saint to obtain for him by his prayers the light of his eyes.
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