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Encyclopedia > Saint Martin (France)
Collectivité de Saint-Martin
Collectivity of Saint Martin
Flag of Saint Martin (France) Coat of arms of Saint Martin (France)
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: La Marseillaise
Location of Saint Martin (France)
Capital
(and largest city)
Marigot
Official languages French
Government
 -  President of France Jacques Chirac
 -  Prefect Dominique Lacroix
 -  President of the Territorial Council none yet; however Albert Fleming is the mayor of Saint-Martin
Overseas Collectivity of France 
 -  Island divided between France and the Netherlands 23 March 1648 
 -  as separate Overseas Collectivity 22 February 2007 
Area
 -  Total 53.2 km² (not ranked)
20.5 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  Oct. 2004 estimate 33,102 (not ranked)
 -  March 1999 census 29,078 
 -  Density 622 /km² (not ranked)
1,612 /sq mi
HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a)
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Internet TLD none assigned, .fr and .gp in use

Saint Martin (French: Saint-Martin), officially the Collectivity of Saint Martin (French: Collectivité de Saint-Martin), is a new overseas collectivity of France that came into being on February 22, 2007, encompassing the northern parts of the island of Saint Martin and neighboring islets. The southern half of the island is part of the Netherlands Antilles. Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... La Marseillaise (IPA: ; in English The Song of Marseille) is the national anthem of France. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Marigot Marigot Marigot is the main town on the French side of the Caribbean island of Saint Martin. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Jacques René Chirac (born November 29, 1932) has served as the Gaullist President of France since he was first elected in 1995. ... Uniforme hat of a French préfet A prefect (French: préfet) in France is the States representative in a department or region. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... <-- revert last edit (not this one) --> This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, using the most recently available official figures. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation) or EUR (disambiguation). ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .fr is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for France. ... . ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... St. ... Mōkōlea Rock in Kailua Bay, O‘ahu, Hawai‘i, 2. ... Motto: _?_ (Latin: Semper pro grediens) Anthem: O sweet Saint-Martins Land Capital (and largest city) Philipsburg , ) Official languages Dutch, English, Papiamento Government  -  Monarch Beatrix  -  Governor Franklyn Richards  -  Prime minister _?_ constitutional monarchy part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands  Area  -  Total 34 km² (_) 13. ...


Demographics

The French part of the island has a land area of 53.20 km² (20.5 sq mi). At the October 2004 supplementary French census, the population in the French part of the island was 33,102 (up from only 8,072 inhabitants at the 1982 census), which means a population density of 622 inhabitants per km² in 2004.

Historical population
1885 1961 1967 1974 1982 1990 1999 2004
3,400 4,502 5,061 6,191 8,072 28,518 29,078 33,102
Official figures from French censuses.

1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Politics and Government

Map showing the former constituent parts of the Guadeloupe region/department among the Leeward Islands, including Saint-Martin, prior to February 2007.
Map showing the former constituent parts of the Guadeloupe region/department among the Leeward Islands, including Saint-Martin, prior to February 2007.

Saint Martin was for many years a French commune forming part of Guadeloupe, which is an overseas région and overseas département of France and is therefore in the European Union. In 2003 the population of the French part voted in favour of secession from Guadeloupe in order to form a separate overseas collectivity (COM) of France.[1] On February 9, 2007, the French Parliament passed a bill granting COM status to both the French part of Saint Martin and neighbouring Saint-Barthélemy.[2] The new status took effect when the law was published in the Official Journal on February 22, 2007.[3] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (763x643, 12 KB) Made map myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (763x643, 12 KB) Made map myself File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Leeward Islands are the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... Under the 1946 Constitution of the Fourth Republic, the French colonies of Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana in the Caribbean and Réunion in the Indian Ocean became départements doutre-mer (Overseas departments) or DOMs. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... Gustavia Harbour, St. ... The Journal Officiel de la République Française (JORF or JO) is the official gazette of the French Republic. ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


Saint Martin remains part of the European Union.[citation needed] The official currency in Saint Martin is the euro (though the U.S. dollar is also widely accepted). For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation) or EUR (disambiguation). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


As a transitional measure, Saint Martin remains governed as it was when a commune within Guadeloupe—by a mayor and a municipal council elected by the European citizens living on the French side of the island. As is the case in metropolitan France since the promulgation of the Maastricht Treaty, nationals of any member state of the European Union are allowed to vote at the municipal elections. Nationals from countries not part of the European Union, which represent a large part of the population on the French side of the island, are not allowed to vote in the elections. A new governance structure befitting an overseas collectivity will take effect later in 2007. Metropolitan France (French: France métropolitaine, or just la Métropole) is the part of France in Europe, including Corsica, as opposed to the overseas departments and overseas territories, which, while integral parts of the French Republic, are regarded as Overseas France (la France doutre-mer, or more colloquially... Promulgation is the act of formally proclaiming new legislation to the public. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993, under the Delors Commission. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...

Map showing French Saint-Martin (north) and Dutch Sint Maarten (south)
Map showing French Saint-Martin (north) and Dutch Sint Maarten (south)

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1523x1338, 134 KB) Summary Map of the Caribbean island of w:Saint Martin divided between French and Dutch halves. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1523x1338, 134 KB) Summary Map of the Caribbean island of w:Saint Martin divided between French and Dutch halves. ...

References

  1. ^ Staff reporter. "French Caribbean voters reject change" (HTML), Caribbean Net News, 2003-12-09. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. (in english) “However voters on the two tiny French dependencies of Saint-Barthélemy and Saint-Martin, which have been administratively attached to Guadeloupe, approved the referendum and are set to acquire the new status of "overseas collectivity".”
  2. ^ Staff reporter. "Saint-Barth To Become An Overseas Collectivity" (PDF), St. Barth Weekly, 2007-02-09, p. 2. Retrieved on 2007-02-09. (in english)
  3. ^ http://www.newmedia-fr.info/ixm_ixpnews.php?file=article&story_id=21579

 
 

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