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Encyclopedia > Saint Louis, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri

Flag
Official seal of St. Louis, Missouri
Seal
Nickname: "Gateway City", "Gateway to the West", or "Mound City"
Motto: "'"
Official website: http://stlouis.missouri.org/
Location

Location of St. Louis, Missouri
Location in the state of Missouri Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 601 KB) Summary October 2004, Paul M. Girouard. ... Image File history File links Saint_Louis,_Missouri_flag. ... The tricolor flag of France A flag is a piece of coloured cloth flown from a pole or mast, usually for purposes of signalling or identification. ... Image File history File links The official seal of the city of St. ... Seal on envelope A seal is an impression printed on, embossed upon, or affixed to a document (or any other object) in order to authenticate it, in lieu of or in addition to a signature. ... A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Tom is short for Thomas). ... A motto is a phrase or a short list of words meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group or organization. ... Adapted from Wikipedias MO county maps by Catbar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ...

Government
Country
State
County
United States
Missouri
Independent City
Mayor Francis G. Slay (D)
Geographical characteristics
Area
Total 66.2 mi² - 171.3 km²
Land 61.9 mi² - 160.4 km²
Water 4.2 mi² - 11.0 km²
Population
Total (2005) 350,705
Metro area 2,764,054
Density 5,622.9 /mi² - 2,171.1/km²
Density {{{population_density_mi2}}}/mi²
Latitude {{{latitude}}}
Longitude {{{longitude}}}
Coordinates 38°38′53″ N
90°12′44″ W
Elevation 141.7 m
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)

Saint Louis (pronounced /seɪntˈluːɪs/ in English, Image:ltspkr.png/sɛ̃ lwi/ in French), frequently spelled St. Louis, encompasses an independent city in the U.S. state of Missouri (the "City of Saint Louis") and its metropolitan area ("Greater Saint Louis"). The city, which is named after Louis IX of France, is adjacent to, but not part of, Saint Louis County, Missouri and has a population of 350,705. The Saint Louis metropolitan area, which includes counties in the states of Missouri and Illinois, is the 18th largest in the United States, with a total population of 2,698,672 as of the 2000 census. According to the St. Louis RCGA, the 2004 population is at 2,764,054. This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... The political units and divisions of the United States include: the several states, which units are typically divided into counties and townships, and incorporate cities, villages, towns, and other types of municipality, and other autonomous or subordinate public authorities and institutions; and the federal state, which unit is the United... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ... A mayor (from the Latin maÄ«or, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ... Francis G. Slay (March 18, 1955 in St. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... -1... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Latitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing lines of longitude, which appear curved and vertical in this projection, but are actually halves of great circles Longitude, sometimes denoted by the Greek letter λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... This article is about longitude and latitude; see also UTM coordinate system Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (vertically) and longitude (horizontally); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... CST is UTC-6 The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region in the Americas that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... Daylight saving time (also called DST) is the North American term for a system intended to save daylight (the British observe summer time, and likewise the Europeans). ... The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... The St. ... Only representation of Saint Louis known to be true to life - Early 14th century statue from the church of Mainneville, Eure, France King Louis IX of France or Saint Louis (April 25, 1214/1215 – August 25, 1270) was King of France from 1226 until his death. ... Map of Missouri highlighting St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


The city has several common nicknames, including the "Gateway City", "Gateway to the West", and "Mound City". St. Louis is also sometimes called "Saint Louie", "River City", "Baseball City USA", and in a coinage popularized by native rapper Nelly, "The Lou". A nickname is a short, clever, cute, derogatory, or otherwise substitute name for a person or things real name (for example, Tom is short for Thomas). ... Cornell Haynes Jr. ...

Contents


History

Apotheosis of Saint Louis, a bronze statue of the city's namesake on horseback, was widely used as a symbol of the city before construction of the Arch.
Enlarge
Apotheosis of Saint Louis, a bronze statue of the city's namesake on horseback, was widely used as a symbol of the city before construction of the Arch.

Prior to the arrival of French explorers in 1763 the area that would become Saint Louis was a major center of the Mississippian mound builders. The presence of numerous mounds, now almost all destroyed, earned the later city the nickname of "Mound City." Download high resolution version (526x800, 282 KB)Apotheosis of St. ... Download high resolution version (526x800, 282 KB)Apotheosis of St. ... Apotheosis of French soldiers fallen in the liberation war, Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson, beginning of 19th century. ... Assorted ancient bronze castings found as part of a cache, probably intended for recycling. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States States]] from approximately 900 to 1500 A.D., varying a bit regionally. ... This article is about mound-building birds. ...


European exploration of the area had begun nearly a century earlier. Louis Joliet and Jacques Marquette, both French, traveled through the Mississippi River valley in 1673, and five years later, La Salle claimed the entire valley for France. He called it "Louisiana" after King Louis XIV; the French also called their region "Illinois Country." In 1699, a settlement was established across the river from what is now Saint Louis, at Cahokia. Other early settlements were downriver at Kaskaskia, Prairie du Pont, Fort de Chartres, and Sainte Genevieve. In 1703, Catholic priests established a small mission at what is now St. Louis. The mission was later moved across the Mississippi, but the small river at the site (now a drainage channel near the southern boundary of the City of Saint Louis) still bears the name "River Des Peres" (River of the Fathers). Louis Joliet, also known Louis Jolliet (September 21, 1645–May 1700), was a Canadian explorer born in Quebec who is important for his discoveries in North America. ... Father Jacques Marquette (French: Père Jacques Marquette) (10 June 1637–May 18, 1675) and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to see and map the Mississippi River. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Events January 22 - Impostor Mary Carleton is hanged in Newgate prison in England for multiple thefts and returning from penal transportation March 18 - John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to the Quakers. ... Engraving of La Salle René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (November 22, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French cleric and explorer. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... Cahokia is a village located in St. ... Kaskaskia is a village located in Randolph County, Illinois. ... Fort de Chartres existed as a succession of three French fortifications built during the 1700s on the east bank of the Mississippi River in the area of upper Louisiana known as the Illinois Country. ... Ste. ...


In 1763, Pierre Laclède, his 13-year-old stepson Auguste Chouteau, and a small band of men traveled up the Mississippi from New Orleans. In November, they landed a few miles downstream of the river's confluence with the Missouri River at a site where wooded limestone bluffs rose 40 feet above the river. The men returned to Fort de Chartres for the winter, but in February, LaClede sent Chouteau and 30 men to begin construction. The settlement was established on February 15, 1764. Pierre Laclède or Pierre Laclède Liguest (c. ... René Auguste Chouteau (born September 7, 1749 in New Orleans, Louisiana; died February 24, 1829 in St. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


The settlement began to grow quickly after word arrived that the 1763 Treaty of Paris had given England all the land east of the Mississippi. Frenchmen who had settled to the river's east moved across the water to "Laclede's Village." Other early settlements were established nearby at Saint Charles, Carondelet (now a part of the city of Saint Louis), Saint Ferdinand (now Florissant), and Portage des Sioux. In 1765, St. Louis was made the capital of Upper Louisiana. The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763 was signed on February 10, 1763, by the Kingdom of Great Britain, France and Spain with Portugal in agreement. ... St. ... Florissant is a city located in St. ... Portage Des Sioux is a city located in St. ...


From 1766 to 1768, St. Louis was governed by the French lieutenant governor, Louis Saint Ange de Bellerive. After 1768, St. Louis was governed by a series of Spanish governors, whose administration continued even after Louisiana was secretly returned to France in 1800 by the Treaty of San Ildefonso. The town's population was then about a thousand. The Treaty of San Ildefonso (formally titled the Preliminary and Secret Treaty between the French Republic and His Catholic Majesty the King of Spain, Concerning the Aggrandizement of His Royal Highness the Infant Duke of Parma in Italy and the Retrocession of Louisiana) was a secretly negotiated treaty between France...


Saint Louis was acquired from France by the United States under President Thomas Jefferson in 1803, as part of the Louisiana Purchase. The transfer of power from Spain was made official in a ceremony called "Three Flags Day." On March 8, 1804, the Spanish flag was lowered and the French one raised. On March 10, the French flag was replaced by the United States flag. The presidential seal was first used by president Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America (often abbreviated to POTUS) is the head of state of the United States. ... Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 N.S. – July 4, 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–1809), author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founders of the United States. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... From Frank Bond, Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase. ...


The Lewis and Clark Expedition left the Saint Louis area in May 1804, reached the Pacific Ocean in the summer of 1805, and returned on Sept. 23, 1806. Many other explorers, settlers, and trappers (such as Ashley's Hundred) would later take a similar route to the West. Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804–1806) was the first United States overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back, led by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark, of the US Army. ... Ashleys Hundred refers to the men who responded to the flyer, To Enterprising Young Men: The Subscriber wishes to engage One Hundred men to ascend the River Missouri to its source to be employed for one, two, or three years . ...


The steamboat era began in Saint Louis on July 27, 1817, with the arrival of the "Zebulon M. Pike." Rapids north of the city made Saint Louis the northernmost navigable port for many large boats, and "Pike" and her sisters soon transformed St. Louis into a bustling boomtown, commercial center, and inland port. By the 1850s, Saint Louis had become the largest U.S. city west of Pittsburgh, and the second-largest port in the country, with a commercial tonnage exceeded only by New York. Zebulon Montgomery Pike (January 5, 1779–April 27, 1813) was an American soldier and explorer for whom Pikes Peak in Colorado is named. ...


Missouri became a state in 1820. Saint Louis was incorporated as a city on December 9, 1822. A U.S. arsenal was constructed at Saint Louis in 1827.


Immigrants flooded into Saint Louis after 1840, particularly from Germany, Bohemia and Ireland, the latter driven by an Old World potato famine. The population of Saint Louis grew from fewer than 20,000 in 1840, to 77,860 in 1850, to just over 160,000 by 1860. Bohemia. ... Potato famine may mean or refer to: The Irish Potato Famine (1845-1849) The Highlands and Islands Potato Famine (1846 - 1857) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Two disasters occurred in 1849: a cholera epidemic killed nearly one-tenth of the population, and a fire destroyed numerous steamboats and a large portion of the city. These disasters led to political action: old cemeteries were removed to the outskirts of the town; sinkholes were filled and swamps drained; water and sewer public utilities started; and a new building code required structures to be built of stone or brick. The St. ...


In the first half of the 19th century, a second channel developed in the Mississippi River at Saint Louis. An island ("Bloody Island") formed between the two channels, and a smaller island ("Duncan's Island") developed below Saint Louis. It was feared that the levee at St. Louis might be left high and dry, and federal assistance was sought and obtained. Under the supervision of Robert E. Lee, levees were constructed on the Illinois side to direct water toward the Missouri side and eliminate the second channel. Bloody Island was joined to the land on the Illinois side, and Duncan's Island was washed away. For the author of Inherit the Wind and other works, see Robert Edwin Lee. ...


Militarily, the Civil War (1861-1865) barely touched St. Louis; the area saw only a few skirmishes in which Union forces prevailed. But the war shut down trade with the South, devastating the city's economy. Missouri was nominally a slave state, but its economy did not depend on slavery, and it never seceded from the Union. The arsenal at Saint Louis was used during the war to construct ironclad ships for the Union. Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln Jefferson Davis Strength 1,556,678 (of whom many signed multiple enlistment contracts) 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  {{{notes... Map of the division of the states during the Civil War. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ...


On July 4, 1876 the City of Saint Louis voted to secede from Saint Louis County and become an independent city. At that time the County was primarily rural and sparsely populated, and the fast-growing City did not want to spend their tax dollars on infastructure and services for the inefficent county. This decision would gravely come back to haunt the City as white flight with suburban development and population migration outside the City limits would cost the City millions of lost tax dollars and contribute to the City's deterioration. 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Urban secession is a citys secession from its surrounding region, to form a new political unit (usually a state or district or province of the same country as its surroundings, but not always). ... St. ... White flight is a colloquial term for the demographic trend of white people, generally but not always upper and middle class, moving from increasingly and predominantly non-white areas, often from urban cores to nearby suburbs or even to new locales entirely, e. ...


Saint Louis is one of several cities that claims to have the world's first skyscraper. The Wainwright Building, a 10-story structure designed by Louis Sullivan and built in 1892, still stands at Chestnut and Seventh Streets and is today used by the State of Missouri as a government office building. Taipei 101, considered the worlds tallest skyscraper. ... Wainwright Building The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building in downtown St. ... Louis Sullivan Louis Henry (Henri) Sullivan (September 3, 1856–April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, and was a mentor to Frank Lloyd... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ...


Nikola Tesla made the first public demonstration of radio communication here in 1893. Addressing the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and the National Electric Light Association, he described and demonstrated in detail the principles of radio communication. The apparatus that he used contained all the elements that were incorporated into radio systems before the development of the vacuum tube. Nikola Tesla (July 10, 1856 – c. ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Franklin Institute is the memorial to Benjamin Franklin, that serves to perpetuate his legacy; the museum contains many of Franklins personal effects. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love Motto: N/A Official website: http://www. ... The National Electric Light Association (NELA) was a national trade association including the operators of central power generation stations and interested individuals. ... Communication is the process of exchanging information, usually via a common protocol. ... In electronics, a vacuum tube (U.S. and Canadian English) or (thermionic) valve (outside North America) is a device generally used to amplify, or otherwise modify, a signal by controlling the movement of electrons in an evacuated space. ...


In 1896, one of the deadliest and most destructive tornadoes in U.S. history struck St. Louis and East St. Louis. The confirmed death toll is 255, with some estimates above 400, and injuries over 1,000. It left a mile wide continuous swath of destroyed homes, factories, mills, saloons, hospitals, schools, parks, churches, and railroad yards. Damages adjusted for inflation (1997 USD) make it the costliest tornado in U.S. history at an estimated $2.9 billion. Several other tornadoes have hit the city making it the worst tornado afflicted large city in the U.S.; with the most deadly and destructive occurring in 1871 (9 killed), 1890 (4 killed), 1904 (3 killed, 100 injured), 1927 (79 killed, 550 injured), and 1959 (21 killed, 345 injured). 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The St. ...


In 1904, the city hosted the World's Fair and the Olympic Games, making the United States the first English-speaking country to host the Olympics. Citizens of St. Louis still look back fondly on the events of 1904; there were several events held in 2004 to commemorate the centennial. 1904 (MCMIV) is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... The 1904 Summer Olympics, formally known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in St. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ...


The uranium used in the Manhattan Project to build the first atomic bomb was refined in Saint Louis by Mallinckrodt Chemical Co., starting in 1942. General Name, Symbol, Number uranium, U, 92 Chemical series actinides Group, Period, Block n/a, 7, f Appearance silvery gray metallic; corrodes to a spalling black oxide coat in air Atomic mass 238. ... Control panels and operators for calutrons at the Y-12 Plant in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


The Pruitt-Igoe housing project, built in 1955 and demolished in 1972, is one of the most infamous failures of urban planning; many consider its destruction to be the symbolic end of Modern architecture. (The buildings were the first major work by Minoru Yamasaki, who later designed the World Trade Center.) A building in the Pruitt-Igoe housing development collapses during its demolition. ... Public housing describes a form of housing tenure in which the property is owned by a government authority, which may be central or local. ... Urban, city, or town planning, deals with the physical, social and economic development of metropolitan regions, municipalities and neighborhoods. ... Modern architecture is a broad term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament, that first arose around 1900. ... Minoru Yamasaki (December 1, 1912–February 6, 1986) was an American architect, born in Seattle, Washington, a second-generation Japanese-American. ... The World Trade Center in New York City (sometimes informally referred to as the WTC) was a complex of seven buildings designed by Japanese-American architect Minoru Yamasaki and leased by Larry Silverstein from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey around a central plaza, near the south...


Recent developments

Washington Avenue Loft District
Washington Avenue Loft District

Recently, there has been an upturn in construction in downtown St. Louis. The Bottle District, an entertainment district named after a large Vess sodapop bottle that stands near Interstate 70, will open in spring 2007 and will be located in an area just north of the Edward Jones Dome. The St. Louis Cardinals' new ballpark, which will retain the name Busch Stadium, will open in 2006 along with Ballpark Village, located where the former Busch Stadium stood. For several years, the Washington Avenue Loft District has been gentrifying with an expanding corridor along Washington Avenue from the Edwards Jones Dome westward almost two dozen blocks. Rehabilitation of other downtown areas is planned. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (488x651, 129 KB) Summary St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (488x651, 129 KB) Summary St. ... The Bottle District is a six-block area north of Downtown St. ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Busch Stadium was the home of the St. ... Ballpark Village refers to a 12-acre area of St. ... The Washington Avenue Loft District is a portion of St. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


St. Louis' population is growing once more following a half-century of decline. The 2004 and 2005 Census estimates were successfully contested by the mayor's office and revised after it was revealed that earlier figures had estimated the city's population as too low. As of 2005, Saint Louis's population is estimated to be slightly higher than it was at the time of the 2000 Census. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 2000. ...


Geography

The Rivers around Saint Louis
The Rivers around Saint Louis

St. Louis is located at 38°38′53″N, 90°12′44″W (38.648056, -90.212222).GR1 Rivers around St. ... Rivers around St. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ...


The city is built primarily on bluffs and terraces that rise 100-200 feet above the western banks of the Mississippi River, just south of the Missouri-Mississippi confluence. Much of the area is a fertile and gently rolling prairie that features low hills and broad, shallow valleys. Both the Mississippi River and the Missouri River have cut large valleys with wide flood plains. This article is about the New Zealand town of Bluff. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


Limestone and dolomite of the Mississippian epoch underlies the area and much of the city is a karst area, with numerous sinkholes and caves, although most of the caves have been sealed shut; many springs are visble along the riverfront. Signifcant deposits of coal, brick clay, and millerite ore were once mined in the city, and the predominant surface rock, the St. Louis Limestone, is used as dimension stone and rubble for construction. Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Dolomite crystals from Touissite, Morocco Dolomite is the name of both a carbonate rock and a mineral (formula: CaMg(CO3)2) consisting of a calcium magnesium carbonate found in crystals. ... This article is about the geologic period; for the North American culture, see Mississippian culture. ... The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (strip mining). ... A weathered brick wall. ... Quaternary clay in Estonia. ... Millerite can have the following meanings: Millerites, a diverse family of denominations and Bible study movements that have arisen since the middle of the 19th century, traceable to the Adventist movement sparked by the apocalyptic teachings of William Miller. ...


The St. Louis Geologic fault is exposed along the bluffs and was the source of several historic minor earthquakes; it is part of the St. Louis Anticline which has some petroleum and natural gas deposits outside of the city. Saint Louis is also just north of the New Madrid Seismic Zone which in 1811-12 produced a series of earthquakes that are the largest known in the contiguous United States. Seismologists estimate 90% probability of a magnitude 6.0 earthquake by 2040 and 7-10% probability of a magnitude 8.0 [1], such tremors could create significant damage across a large region of the central U.S. including Saint Louis. Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... In geology, an anticline is a type of fold that involves a downward slope to either side. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ), crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold or Texas Tea, is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... Natural gas (commonly referred to as gas in many countries, but note that gas is also an American and Canadian shortening of gasoline) is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... Seismic map New Madrid Seismic Zone. ... An image showing the results of the earthquake and the resulting flow of the Mississippi River, as well as the creation of the Kentucky Bend. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ...


Near the southern boundary of the City of Saint Louis (separating it from Saint Louis County) is the River des Peres, virtually the only river or stream within the city limits that is not entirely underground. Most of River des Peres was either channelized or put underground in the 1920s and early 1930s. The lower section of the river was the site of some of the worst flooding of the Great Flood of 1993. Map of Missouri highlighting St. ... The new River des Peres in Forest Park. ... The Great Insignificant Flood of 1993 was a huge, costly, and devastating flood that occurred in the American Midwest from April to October of 1993. ...


Near the central, western boundary of the city is Forest Park, site of the 1904 World's fair, the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904 or, as it is commonly known, the Saint Louis World's Fair, and the 1904 Summer Olympics, the first Olympic Games held in North America. At the time, Saint Louis was the fourth most populous city in the United States. McDonnell Planetarium Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in Saint Louis, Missouri, opened in 1876 and the former site of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904, is one of the large urban landscape parks created in the U.S. during the later 19th century, following the example of Central... A Worlds Fair is any of various large expositions held since the mid 19th century. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... 1904 (MCMIV) is a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... The 1904 Summer Olympics, formally known as the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in St. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ...


The Missouri River forms the northern border of Saint Louis County, exclusive of a few areas where the river has changed its course. The Meramec River forms most of its southern border. To the east is the City and the Mississippi River. The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Map of Missouri highlighting St. ... The Meramec River Looking North from Route 66 State Park The Meramec River is the longest free-flowing waterway in Missouri -- it wanders some 350 kilometers (220 miles) through six Missouri Ozark Highland counties: Dent, Phelps, Crawford, Franklin, Jefferson, and St. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 171.3 km² (66.2 mi²). 160.4 km² (61.9 mi²) of it is land and 11.0 km² (4.2 mi² or 6.39%) of it is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ...


Metropolitan statistical area

The Saint Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area, the 18th largest in the United States, and as of 2005 has a total population of 2,764,054). This area includes Saint Louis County (1,009,235), the independent City of Saint Louis (343,279), the Missouri counties of Saint Charles (320,734), Jefferson (210,397), Franklin (98,234), Lincoln (45,618) and Warren (27,809), and the Illinois counties of Madison (264,350), Saint Clair (259,132), Clinton (36,065), Monroe (30,491) and Jersey (22,320). The St. ... The St. ... The St. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. ... The following is a list (by population) of all Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau. ... St. ... Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... St. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... List of 102 counties in the U.S. state of Illinois: Adams County Alexander County Bond County Boone County Brown County Bureau County Calhoun County Carroll County Cass County Champaign County Christian County Clark County Clay County Clinton County Coles County Cook County Crawford County Cumberland County DeKalb County De... Madison County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... St. ... Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1960. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...


Cityscape

Lafayette Square Homes
Lafayette Square Homes

The city is divided into 79 neighborhoods. The divisions have no legal standing, although some neighborhood associations administer grants or hold veto power over historic-district development. Nevertheless, the social and political influence of neighborhood identity is profound. Some hold avenues of massive stone edifices built as palaces for heads of state visiting the 1904 World's Fair. Others offer tidy working-class bungalows, hip loft districts, or areas hard-hit by social problems and unemployment. Many of them have retained - quite consciously and deliberately - a camaraderie that is missing from many American towns today. Image File history File links DSC08649. ... Image File history File links DSC08649. ...


Among the best-known, architecturally significant, or well-visited neighborhoods are Downtown, Midtown, Benton Park, Carondelet, the Central West End, Clayton/Tamm (Dogtown), Dutchtown South, Forest Park Southeast, Grand Center, The Hill, Lafayette Square, Shaw (home to the Missouri Botanical Garden and named after the Garden's founder, Henry Shaw), Soulard (home of the second-largest Mardi Gras festival in the nation), Tower Grove East, Tower Grove South, and Wydown/Skinker. Carondelet is a neighborhood in the extreme southeastern portion of St. ... The Central West End is a distinct neighborhood in St. ... Clayton-Tamm is a traditionally Irish-American neighborhood located near the western border of Saint Louis, Missouri, just South of Forest Park. ... Grand Center, located just north of the Saint Louis University campus, is often referred to as the arts district of St. ... . ... Categories: US geography stubs | Botanical gardens | Missouri landmarks | Saint Louis, Missouri ... This article lacks information on the subject matters importance. ... Soulard is a historic neighborhood in St. ... Mardi Gras (French for Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday, and is also called Shrove Tuesday or Pancake Day. It is the final day of Carnival (pronounced CAR-nuh-vul in English; car-nee-VAHL in most Romance languages). ... Categories: Stub | Saint Louis, Missouri ...


Climate

Saint Louis has a continental temperate climate, and has neither large mountains nor large bodies of water to moderate its temperature. The area is affected by both cold Canadian arctic air, and also hot, humid tropical air from the Gulf of Mexico. The city has four distinct seasons. The average annual temperature for the years 1971-2000, recorded at nearby Lambert–St. Louis International Airport, is 56.3 °F (13.5 °C), and average precipitation is 38.75 inches (980 mm). The normal high temperature in July is 90 °F (32 °C), and the normal low temperature in January is 21 °F (−6 °C), although these values are often exceeded. Temperatures of 100 °F (38 °C) or more occur no more than five days per year, while temperatures of 0 °F (-17.8 °C) or below occur 2 or 3 days per year on average. The official all-time record low is -22 °F (-30.0 °C) and the record high is 117 °F (47.2 °C). Hundreds were killed by extreme heat and humidity in 1995 and 1999. Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Winter is the driest season, averaging about 6 inches of total precipitation. Springtime, March through May, is typically the wettest season, with just under 10.5 inches. Dry spells of one or two weeks duration are common during the growing seasons.


Thunderstorms can be expected on 40 to 50 days per year. A few of them will be severe with locally destructive winds and large hail, and occasionally accompanied by tornadoes (see St. Louis tornado history). The two costliest tornadoes and the costliest hailstorm in history occurred in St. Louis. Other occasional weather hazards include blizzards and ice storms. A period of unseasonably warm weather late in autumn known as Indian summer is common – roses will still be in bloom as late as November or early December in some years. Weather conditions are highly variable. A roll cloud associated with a heavy or severe thunderstorm over Enschede, The Netherlands. ... A large hailstone Hail is a type of graupel, a form of precipitation, composed of spears or irregular lumps of ice. ... For other uses of Tornado, see Tornado (disambiguation). ... City of St. ... Blizzards are characterized by high winds and blinding precipitation Sudden blizzards can cause terrible damage to infrastructure as well as danger to human life. ... Ice storm could refer to: A type of winter storm characterized by freezing rain. ... OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXx Autumn (also fall in North American English) is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition from summer into winter. ... An Indian summer day Indian summer (also called Old Wives summer in the United Kingdom) is a name given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn, not long before winter. ... Species About 100, see text A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa and the flower of this shrub. ...


Flora and fauna

Before the founding of the city, the area was prairie and open forest maintained by burning by Native Americans. Trees are mainly oak, maple, and hickory, similar to the forests of the nearby Ozarks; common understory trees include Eastern Redbud, Serviceberry, and Flowering Dogwood. Riparian areas are forested with mainly American sycamore. Most of the residential area of the city is planted with large native shade trees. The largest native forest area is found in Forest Park. In Autumn, the changing color of the trees is notable. Most species here are typical of the Eastern Woodland, although numerous decorative non-native species are found; the most notable invasive species is Japanese honeysuckle, which is actively removed from some parks. An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also known as Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are the indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States and their descendants in... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species with pages written Acer campestre - Field Maple Acer grandidentatum - Bigtooth Maple Acer griseum - Paperbark Maple Acer macrophyllum - Bigleaf Maple Acer micranthum - Komine Maple Acer negundo - Manitoba Maple Acer nigrum - Black Maple Acer palmatum - Japanese Maple Acer pensylvanicum - Striped Maple Acer platanoides - Norway Maple Acer pseudoplatanus - Sycamore Maple Acer rubrum... Species See text Hickory is a tree of the genera Carya and Annamocarya. ... The Ozark Mountains near Roaring River State Park on Missouri State Highway 112. ... Binomial name Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a large shrub or small tree in the pea family Fabaceae, native to eastern North America from southern Ontario, Canada south to northern Florida, United States. ... Species About 25; see text The Serviceberry (Amelanchier), also known as juneberry, mespilus and shadbush, is a genus if about 25 species of small deciduous trees and large shrubs in the family Rosaceae. ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... A riparian zone schematic from the Everglades. ... Binomial name Platanus occidentalis The American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), also known as American plane and Buttonwood, is one of the species of Platanus native to North America, where it is rather confusingly very often just called Sycamore, which can refer to other types of tree. ... OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXx Autumn (also fall in North American English) is one of the four temperate seasons, the transition from summer into winter. ... Binomial name Lonicera japonica Thunb. ...


Large mammals found in the city include urbanized coyotes and ocassionaly a stray whitetail deer. Eastern Gray Squirrel, Cottontail rabbit, and other rodents are abundant, as well as the nocturnal and rarely seen Opossum. Large bird species are abundant in parks and include Canada goose, Mallard duck, as well as shorebirds, including the Great Egret and Great Blue Heron. Gulls are common along the Mississippi River, these species typically follow barge traffic. Winter populations of Bald Eagles are found by the Mississippi River around the Chain of Rocks Bridge. The city is on the Mississippi Flyway, used by migrating birds, and has a large variety of small bird species, common to the eastern U.S. The Eurasian Tree Sparrow, an introduced species, is limited in North America to the counties surrounding Saint Louis. Tower Grove Park is a well-known birdwatching area in the city. Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (includes extinct ancestors)/Placentalia (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Binomial name Canis latrans Say, 1823 The coyote (Canis latrans, meaning barking dog, also prairie wolf[1]) is a member of the Canidae (the dog family) and a relative of the domestic dog. ... ... Binomial name Sciurus carolinensis Gmelin, 1788 The Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)(Scirius means shade tail and carolinensis means belonging to carolina) is a tree squirrel that is native to the eastern to midwestern United States and the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Species Sylvilagus aquaticus Sylvilagus auduboni Sylvilagus bachmani Sylvilagus brasiliensis Sylvilagus cunicularis Sylvilagus dicei Sylvilagus floridanus Sylvilagus graysoni Sylvilagus insonus Sylvilagus mansuetus Sylvilagus nuttallii Sylvilagus palustris Sylvilagus transitionalis The cottontail rabbits (Sylvilagus) are a genus of American lagomorphs in the family Leporidae, in appearance closely similar to the wild European Rabbit... This article or section should be merged with Virginia_opossum The word opossum (usually pronounced without the leading O, or with only a very slight schwa) refers either to the Virginia Opossum in particular, or more generally to any of the other marsupials of magnorder Ameridelphia. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies (Dusky Canada Goose) (Vancouver Canada Goose) (Lesser Canada Goose) (Moffitts Canada Goose) (Giant Canada Goose) (Interior Canada Goose) (Atlantic Canada Goose) The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis), colloquially Greater Canada or Canadian Goose in North America, belongs to the Branta genus of geese... This article is about the Mallard duck. ... Families Charadridae Jacanidae Rostratulidae Ibidorhynchidae Recurvirostridae Haematopodidae Scolopacidae Dromadidae Burhinidae Glareolidae Thinocoridae Waders, called Shorebirds in North America (where wader is used to refer to long-legged wading birds such as storks and herons), are members of the order Charadriiformes, excluding the more marine web-footed seabird groups. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Genera Pagophila Larus Rissa Creagus Xema Rhodostethia Gulls are seabirds in the family Laridae and subfamily Lari. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Self propelled barge carrying bulk crushed stone A barge is a flat-bottomed boat, built mainly for river and canal transport of heavy goods. ... Binomial name Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) is a bird of prey indigenous to North America, most recognizable as the national bird of the United States. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... The Chain of Rocks Bridge is a 5,350 feet long bridge spanning the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... The Mississippi Flyway is a bird migration route that generally follows the Mississippi River in the United States and Mackenzie River in Canada. ... Binomial name Passer montanus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Tree Sparrow, Passer montanus, is spread over most of Europe and Siberia, and allied forms occur in other parts of Asia. ... Categories: Stub | Saint Louis, Missouri ...


People and culture

Social changes in the twentieth century influenced radically the sorts of people who exist in Saint Louis now. From 1810, the date of the first Federal census, to 1880, the population totals include with the city of Saint Louis the population of Saint Louis County, which in 1880 was separately enumerated at 31,888 people. 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1910, 687,029 people lived in the city. 125,706 foreign-born people were residents in 1910. 47,765 of those persons were natives of the German Empire. In 1910, 11.3 per cent of the foreign-born people were of Irish nativity, 4.1 percent of English, 12.3 of Russian, 6 of Italian, and 8.8 of Austrian. 43,960 African Americans composed 6.4 per cent of the total population.-1... -1... Flag of the German Empire, 1871–1919: black-white-red Coat of arms The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its foundation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ... -1... The English are an ethnic group generally associated with England and the English language. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


Like other large American cities, St. Louis experienced a large population shift to the suburbs in the twentieth century (often termed "white flight"), particularly in the years following the Second World War. It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ... White flight is a colloquial term for the demographic trend of white people, generally but not always upper and middle class, moving from increasingly and predominantly non-white areas, often from urban cores to nearby suburbs or even to new locales entirely, e. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


Populations of city and county: 1810, 5,667; 1820, 10,049; 1830, 14,145; 1840, 35,979; 1850, 104,978; 1860, 190,524; 1870, 351,189. 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Populations of the town itself: in 1799, 925; 1810, 1,400; 1820, 4,000; 1830, 4,977; 1840, 16,469; 1850, 77,860; 1860, 170,773; 1870, 310,864; 1880, 350,518; 1900, 575,238; 1910, 687,029; 1920, 772, 897; 1940, 816,048. 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... -1... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Demographics

Historical populations 1
Census
year
Population

1830 4,977
1840 16,469
1850 77,860
1860 160,773
1870 310,864
1880 350,518
1890 451,770
1900 575,238
1910 687,029
1920 772,897
1930 821,960
1940 816,048
1950 856,796
1960 750,026
1970 622,236
1980 453,085
1990 396,685
2000 348,189
2005 350,705

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 348,189 people, 147,076 households, and 76,920 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,171.1/km² (5,622.9/mi²). There are 176,354 housing units at an average density of 1,099.7/km² (2,847.9/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 51.20% African American, 43.85% White, 1.98% Asian, 0.27% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.80% from other races, and 1.88% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. Historically, North Saint Louis City has been primarily African American while South Saint Louis City has been primarily White. This has changed in recent years as large portions of North Saint Louis City have been depopulated, with African-American residents moving either south or to surrounding counties. Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... -1... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 (MCML in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 147,076 households, out of which 25.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 26.2% are married couples living together, 21.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 47.7% are non-families. 40.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 12.9% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.30 and the average family size is 3.19. To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 84.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city is $27,156, and the median income for a family is $32,585. Males have a median income of $30,106 versus $24,987 for females. The per capita income for the city is $16,108. 24.6% of the population and 20.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 36.4% of those under the age of 18 and 17.4% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population living in poverty The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cuisine

Anheuser-Busch NYSE: BUD, the worlds third largest brewing company in volume after InBev and SABMiller, is based in St. ... Fried-brain sandwiches generally feature sliced calves brains on sliced bread. ... Gooey Butter Cake is a type of cake traditionally made in Saint Louis, Missouri, with a bottom layer of buttery yellow cake and a top layer of egg and cream cheese. ... Missouri Wine refers to any wine that made from grapes grown in the state of Missouri. ... The blade steaks are cut from the blade Boston roast or the shoulder blade roast. ... Provel cheese is a white cheese that is very popular in St. ... A typical St. ... Imos Pizza is a chain of pizza restaurants in the greater St. ... Ted Drewes is a well-known frozen custard shop in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Toasted ravioli is an appetizer that is most abundantly available near Saint Louis, Missouri, though it is on the menu of every Olive Garden restaurant. ... The St. ... Ribs are king in St. ... Barbecue sauce is a type of sauce which is frequently poured onto meat while being grilled or barbecued and/or used as a dipping condiment afterwards. ... Slingers are a delicacy in St. ...

Museums and other points of interest

Cathedral Basilica.
Enlarge
Cathedral Basilica.

There are several museums and attractions in the city. The City Museum offers a variety of interesting exhibits, including several large caves and a huge outdoor playground. It also serves as a meeting point for Saint Louis' young arts scene. The Eugene Field House, located in downtown Saint Louis, is a museum dedicated to the distinguished children's author. The Missouri Historical Society presents exhibits and programs on a variety of topics including the 1904 World's Fair, and a comprehensive exhibit on Lewis and Clark's voyage exploring the Louisiana Purchase. Download high resolution version (800x611, 434 KB)Cathedral Basilica Of Saint Louis This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (800x611, 434 KB)Cathedral Basilica Of Saint Louis This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Eugene Field, American writer Eugene Field (September 2, 1850 - November 4, 1895) American writer, best known for poetry for children and for humorous essays. ...


The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra plays at Powell Symphony Hall. Leonard Slatkin is one of the former conductors. The Fox Theatre, originally one of many movie theatres along Grand Boulevard, is now a newly restored theatre featuring a Byzantine facade and Oriental decor. The Fox Theatre presents a Broadway Series in addition to concerts. The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra (SLSO) was founded in 1880, making it the second oldest symphony in the United States after the New York Philharmonic. ... Leonard Slatkin (born September 1, 1944) is an American conductor. ... The Fox Theatre is arguably the most spectacular theatres in St. ...


There are several notable churches in the city, including the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, a large Roman Catholic cathedral designed in the Byzantine and Romanesque styles. The interior is decorated with lovely mosaics, the largest mosaic collection in the world. The Basilica of St. Louis, King of France (1834), also known as the "Old Cathedral," is the oldest Roman Catholic cathedral west of the Mississippi River. The Old Cathedral is located adjacent to the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial. Cathedral Basilica The Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis, generally known as the St. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... A cathedral is a Christian church building, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Anglican, Roman Catholic and some Lutheran churches, which serves as the central church of a diocese, and thus as a bishops seat. ... The 11th-century monastery of Hosios Lukas in Greece is representative of the Byzantine art during the rule of Macedonian dynasty. ... Romanesque St. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ... The Basilica, better known as the Old Cathedral, located near the Gateway Arch, visible on the right. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ...


The Hill is an historically Italian neighborhood where many of the area's best Italian restaurants can be found. The Hill was the home of Yogi Berra and many other noted baseball players. The International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame is also located near Busch Stadium in downtown Saint Louis. . ... Yogi Berra on his 80th birthday Lawrence Peter Yogi Berra (born May 12, 1925) is a former catcher and manager in Major League Baseball who played almost his entire career for the New York Yankees. ...


Laclede's Landing, located on the Mississippi Riverfront directly north of the historic Eads Bridge, is popular for its restaurants and nightclubs. St. Louis also possesses several distinct examples of 18th and 19th century architecture, such as the Soulard Market district (1779-1842), the Chatillon-de Menil House (1848), the Bellefontaine Cemetery (1850), the Robert G. Campbell House (1852), the Old Courthouse (1845-62), the original Anheuser-Busch Brewery (1860), and two of Louis Sullivan's early skyscrapers, the Wainwright Building (1890-91) and the Union Trust Building. The Lacledes Landing is a popular attraction located in St. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... The Eads Bridge under construction Eads Bridge is a combined road and railway bridge over the Mississippi River at St. ... Louis Sullivan Louis Henry (Henri) Sullivan (September 3, 1856–April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. He is considered by many as the creator of the modern skyscraper, was an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, and was a mentor to Frank Lloyd... Wainwright Building The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building in downtown St. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


There are also several notable museums in surrounding cities. The Delmar Loop, located in University City, just west of the Saint Louis city line, is a popular entertainment, cultural and restaurant district. The Butterfly House is located in western St. Louis County. The Delmar Loop is an entertainment, cultural and restaurant district located on the western edge of Saint Louis, Missouri in the small city of University City, Missouri. ... University City is a city located in St. ... St. ...


The Museum of Transportation is located in Kirkwood, a suburb in southwestern St. Louis County. Kirkwood is a city located in St. ... St. ...


Six Flags St. Louis, known as "Six Flags over Mid-America" when it opened in 1971, is an amusement park located in Eureka, Missouri, in far west St. Louis County. Six Flags NYSE: PKS is a chain of amusement parks and theme parks headquartered in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma and New York City. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... Six Flags New England, an amusement park in Agawam, Massachusetts. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... St. ...


Saint Charles, is the seat of St. Charles County and first capital of the state of Missouri, and is the location from which the Lewis and Clark Expedition began. It also has a downtown historic district with many small craft shops. St. ... A county seat is an administrative center for a county. ... St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804–1806) was the first United States overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back, led by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Second Lieutenant William Clark, of the US Army. ...


Cahokia Mounds, located near Collinsville, Illinois, holds the ruins of a city of the ancient Mississippian aboriginal culture. Similar mounds within Saint Louis, used as construction fill in the 1800s, gave the city one of its nicknames. Cahokia was a Native American city located near Collinsville in west-central Illinois, across the Mississippi River from St. ... There are a number of cities or towns named Collinsville: Collinsville, Alabama (USA) Collinsville, Connecticut (USA) Collinsville, Illinois (USA) Collinsville, Mississippi (USA) Collinsville, Oklahoma (USA) Collinsville, Texas (USA) Collinsville, Virginia (USA) Collinsville, Queensland (Australia) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... The Mississippian culture was a mound-building Native American culture that flourished in the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States States]] from approximately 900 to 1500 A.D., varying a bit regionally. ...


Magic House, a children's hands-on exploration museum, and Worldways Children's Museum, an international children's cultural museum, are both located in Kirkwood. Kirkwood is a city located in St. ...


Media

The "Saint Louis Post-Dispatch" is the region's major daily newspaper. Founded by Joseph Pulitzer in the 1800s, the paper was owned by Pulitzer Publishing until 2005, when the company was acquired by Lee Enterprises. The company also owns the "Suburban Journals," a collection of local newspapers. The daily "Belleville News Democrat," published in Belleville, Illinois, serves many Illinois communities in the St. Louis Metro Area. The Saint Louis Post-Dispatch is the only major city-wide newspaper in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Joseph Pulitzer Joseph Joe Pulitzer (April 10, 1847 – October 29, 1911) was an American publisher best known for posthumously establishing the Pulitzer Prizes and (along with William Randolph Hearst) for originating yellow journalism. ... -1... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Belleville is a city located in St. ...


The "St. Louis Business Journal," published weekly on Fridays, covers the region's business news.


In 1900, St. Louis had at least five daily newspapers: the "St. Louis Globe-Democrat" and the "St. Louis Republic" in the morning, and the "Post-Dispatch" and "Star-Chronicle" in the afternoon, as well as the German-language "Westlische Post." One by one, these papers folded or consolidated. The "Post-Dispatch" bought out its remaining afternoon competitor, the "Star-Times," in 1951. Until the mid-1980s, the morning "Globe-Democrat," which was editorially more conservative than the "Post-Dispatch," served as the "Post"'s main rival. Although the "Post-Dispatch" and the "Globe-Democrat" maintained a joint-operating agreement for years, the "Globe-Democrat" folded shortly after the "Post-Dispatch" switched from afternoon to morning publication. 1900 (MCM) is a common year starting on Monday. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


The city's main alternative weekly publications include the "Evening Whirl" and the "Riverfront Times." African-American weeklies include the "St. Louis Argus" (est. 1912), the "Saint Louis American" (est. 1928), and the "St. Louis Sentinel" (est. 1969). A variety of glossy monthly and quarterly publications cover topics such as local history, cuisine, and lifestyles. St. Louis is also home to the last remaining metropolitan journalism review, the St. Louis Journalism Review, based at Webster University in the suburb of Webster Groves. St. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... St. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... Webster University is located in Webster Groves, Missouri, a suburb of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Webster Groves is a city located in St. ...


The St. Louis metro area is served by a wide variety of local television stations, and is the twenty-first largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S., with 1,222,380 homes (1.11% of the total U.S.). The major network television affiliates are KMOV 4 (CBS), KDNL 30 (ABC), KSDK 5 (National Broadcasting Company), KTVI 2 (Fox Broadcasting Company), KPLR 11 (WB), and WRBU 46 (UPN). There is also a PBS station at KETC 9. A designated market area is a group of counties in the United States that are covered by a specific television station. ... KMOV-TV/DT, News4 Saint Louis is the CBS television affiliate in St. ... For other uses, see CBS (disambiguation). ... KDNL-TV General Information KDNL-TV is the ABC television affiliate in St. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is a television and radio network in the United States. ... KSDK-TV/DT, NewsChannel5 is the NBC television affiliate in St. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... KTVI/KTVI-DT is the Fox owned and operated station in St. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... KPLR-TV is the WB television network affiliate in St. ... The WB Television Network, casually referred to as The WB, is a television network in the United States, founded as a joint venture between the Warner Bros. ... WRBU is the UPN television affiliate for the St. ... UPN (which originally stood for the United Paramount Network) is a television network in the United States, owned by CBS Corporation, which also owns the more widespread CBS network. ... The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit public broadcasting television service with 349 member TV stations in the United States. ... KETC-TV/DT is the PBS member station in St. ...


The region's radio airwaves offer a variety of locally produced programming. KMOX (1120 AM), which pioneered the call-in talk radio format in the 1960s, retains significant regional influence due to its 50,000-watt clear-channel signal and an unusually active newsroom operation. Public radio station KWMU (90.7 FM), an NPR affiliate, also provides extensive, locally produced programming treating social issues, politics, and the arts. St. Louis is one of only a handful of U.S. cities to have its own independent community radio station, KDHX (88.1 FM), which features a wide range of music and talk from local residents. Washington University's college radio station, KWUR (90.3 FM), also provides community broadcasting and an eclectic mix of underground music. General Information KMOX is an AM radio station broadcasting in St. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... NPR logo NPR redirects here. ... Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... KDHX is a radio station in St. ... Washington University in St. ... College radio (also known as university radio, campus radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college or university. ... KWUR is a radio station in St. ... The term underground music has been applied to several artistic movements, notably to the early psychedelic movement of the mid 60s centred in Los Angeles. ...


Music

Saint Louis is the home of the world-renowned Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra which was founded in Saint Louis in 1880, and which has, in the course of its history, been honored with six Grammy Awards and fifty-six nominations. Historic Powell Symphony Hall on North Grand Boulevard has been the permanent home of the Saint Louis Symphony since 1968.


Saint Louis has long been associated with great ragtime, jazz and blues music. Early rock and roll singer/guitarist Chuck Berry is a native St. Louisan and continues to perform there several times a year. Soul music artists Ike Turner and Tina Turner and jazz innovator Miles Davis began their careers in nearby East St. Louis, Illinois. St. Louis has also been a popular stop along the infamous Chitlin Circuit. Ragtime is an American musical genre, enjoying its peak popularity around the years 1900–1918. ... Jazz master Louis Armstrong remains one of the most loved and best known of all jazz musicians. ... The blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on a pentatonic scale and a characteristic twelve-bar chord progression. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Chuck Berry Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an influential African-American guitarist, singer, and composer, and one of the pioneers of rock & roll music. ... Soul music is a combination of rhythm and blues and gospel which began in the late 1950s in the United States. ... Ike Turner (born Izear Luster Turner Jr. ... Tina Turner on the cover of her 1991 compilation album Simply the Best Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock on November 26, 1939 in Nutbush, now Brownsville, Tennessee) of African American and Navajo ancestry. ... Jazz master Louis Armstrong remains one of the most loved and best known of all jazz musicians. ... Davis 1959 album Kind of Blue, likely the best-selling jazz album ever. ... East St. ... The chitlin circuit was the general name given to the string of venues throughout the easter and southern United States that catered primarily to African American audiences. ...


Popular Music and entertainment in St. Louis peaked in the 1960s due to the popularity of Gaslight Square, a thriving local nightclub district that attracted nationally known musicians and performers. This area was all but extinct by the early 1970s and today is the site of a new housing development.


In the 1990s, the metro area produced several prominent alt-country artists, including Uncle Tupelo, a Belleville, Illinois trio often considered the originators of the style, and The Bottle Rockets. More recently, the rise of Nelly, The Saint Lunatics, Murphy Lee, Chingy, J-Kwon, Ebony Eyez and other musicians have made it one of the centers of rap and hip-hop, often mentioned side-by-side with New York City, Atlanta, Los Angeles, and Detroit. Alternative country can refer to several ideas. ... Uncle Tupelo Uncle Tupelo was a popular music group formed in 1987 in Belleville, Illinois. ... Belleville is a city located in St. ... The Bottle Rockets, 2005. ... Cornell Haynes Jr. ... The Saint Lunatics are a hip hop/rap group of five artists from the St. ... Murphy Lee (born Tohri Harper in 1983 in St. ... Chingy, as seen on the cover of Jackpot Chingy (born Howard Bailey, Jr. ... J-Kwon (born Jarrell Jones in 1986) is a rapper from St. ... Ebony Eyez is a female rap artist who burst in the scene in 2005 with her single In Ya Face. ... A hip-hop group performing live on stage. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began among urban African Americans and Latinos in New York City in the early 1970s, and has since spread around the world. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor...


Parks and outdoor attractions

Old footbridge in Forest Park.
Old footbridge in Forest Park.

The city operates 105 parks that serve as gathering spots for neighbors to meet, and contains playgrounds, areas for summer concerts, picnics, baseball games, tennis courts, and lakes. A 19th century footbridge in Forest Park. ... A 19th century footbridge in Forest Park. ... A concert is a live performance, usually of music, before an audience. ... Baseball is a team sport in which a player on one team (the pitcher) attempts to throw a hard, fist-sized ball past a player on the other team (the batter), who attempts to hit the baseball with a tapered, smooth, cylindrical stick called a bat. ... Tennis ball This article is about the sport. ...


Forest Park, located on the western edge of the central corridor of the City of St. Louis, is one of the largest urban parks in the world, outsizing Central Park in New York City by 500 acres. It offers many of Saint Louis' most popular attractions: the free Saint Louis Zoological Park, the Municipal Theatre (also known as, "The Muny," the largest and oldest outdoor musical theatre in the United States), the Saint Louis Science Center (with its architecturally distinctive McDonnell Planetarium), the Saint Louis Art Museum, the Missouri History Museum, several lakes, and scenic, open areas. Forest Park completed a multimillion dollar renovation in 2004 for the centennial of the St. Louis World's Fair. McDonnell Planetarium Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in Saint Louis, Missouri, opened in 1876 and the former site of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904, is one of the large urban landscape parks created in the U.S. during the later 19th century, following the example of Central... Central Park (, ) is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... The Saint Louis Zoological Park is a zoo in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... A planetarium is a theater built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... The façade of the St. ... The Missouri History Museum located in St. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ...


The Missouri Botanical Garden, also known as "Shaw's Garden," is one of the world's leading botanical research centers. It possesses a beautiful collection of flowery plants, shrubs, and trees, and includes the Japanese Garden, which features a lake filled with koi and gravel designs; the woodsy English Garden; the Home Gardening Center; a rose garden; the Climatron; and many other scenic gardens. Immediately south of the Missouri Botanical Garden is Tower Grove Park, a gift to the City by Henry Shaw. Categories: US geography stubs | Botanical gardens | Missouri landmarks | Saint Louis, Missouri ... Botany is the scientific study of plant life. ... The coniferous Sequoia, the tallest tree species on earth A tree is defined as a perennial, woody plant. ... Binomial name Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus, 1758) Koi (Japanese: 鯉, koi) are ornamental domesticated varieties of the common carp Cyprinus carpio. ... The American Pavilion of Expo 67, by R. Buckminster Fuller, now the Biosphère, on Île Sainte-Hélène, Montreal A geodesic dome (IPA: /ʤiədɛsɪk/ or /ʤiədizɪk/ /dəʊm/) is an almost spherical structure based on a network of struts arranged on great circles... Categories: Stub | Saint Louis, Missouri ... This article lacks information on the subject matters importance. ...


The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, better known as the "Gateway Arch," is the most recognizable structure of the city. It is located near the riverfront in downtown Saint Louis, and was designed by noted architect Eero Saarinen. At 630 feet (192 m), the Arch is the tallest manmade monument in the United States, and is the centerpiece of a national park that also includes the nearby Old Courthouse, where the Dred Scott case was tried. This area is also the location of the annual July 4th festival, Fair Saint Louis. The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... Eero Saarinen (August 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish-American architect of the 20th century famous for his simple sweeping and arching shapes. ... Holding Blacks, whether slaves or free, could not become United States citizens and the plaintiff therefore lacked the capacity to file a lawsuit. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... Fair Saint Louis is an annual festival held during the July 4th holiday in downtown Saint Louis, Missouri, which some locals like to call Americas largest birthday party. ...


Sports

Club Sport League Venue Logo
St. Louis Cardinals Major League Baseball National League Busch Stadium St. Louis Cardinals Logo
St. Louis Rams Football National Football League : NFC Edward Jones Dome St. Louis Rams Logo
St. Louis Blues Ice Hockey National Hockey League Savvis Center St. Louis Blues Logo
St. Louis Steamers Soccer Major Indoor Soccer League Savvis Center St. Louis Steamers Logo

Enthusiastic and knowledgeable fans give the city a reputation as, "a top-notch sports town" and being dubbed as, "Baseball City USA." The Sporting News rated St. Louis the nation's, "Best Sports City." Although the city has or had professional football, hockey, basketball teams, it is baseball that is undeniably the epicenter of the city's sporting life. The St. Louis Cardinals, one of the oldest franchises in Major League Baseball, have accumulated nine World Series titles since 1892, second only to the New York Yankees. (The 2005 baseball season was the last played at historic Busch Stadium. A new stadium, which will have the same name, is currently under construction, with views of the Saint Louis skyline and the Gateway Arch.) Major league affiliations National League (1892-present) Central Division (1994-present) Eastern Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1891) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1982 â€¢1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934 â€¢ 1931 1926 NL Pennants (16) 2004 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1985 â€¢ 1982 1968 â€¢ 1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1943 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... This article refers to the American baseball league. ... Busch Stadium III (a. ... St. ... City Saint Louis, Missouri Other nicknames {{{nicknames}}} Team colors New Century Gold, Millennium Blue, and White Head Coach Scott Linehan Owner Georgia Frontiere and E. Stanley Kroenke General manager Charlie Armey Fight song {{{song}}} Mascot {{{mascot}}} Local radio Flagship stations: KLOU (103. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... The National Football League (NFL) is the largest professional American football league, consisting of thirty-two teams from American cities and regions. ... The National Football Conference is one of the two conferences of the National Football League. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 65,321 seat sports stadium in Saint Louis, Missouri, and home of the St. ... St. ... The St. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the leagues inception. ... The Savvis Center (formerly Keil Center) is an arena located in the city of St. ... St. ... logo of the original St. ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... This article is about the current Major Indoor Soccer League. ... The Savvis Center (formerly Keil Center) is an arena located in the city of St. ... Current Steamers logo File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892-present) Central Division (1994-present) Eastern Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1891) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1982 â€¢1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934 â€¢ 1931 1926 NL Pennants (16) 2004 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1985 â€¢ 1982 1968 â€¢ 1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1943 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in the world. ... The World Series is the championship series of Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, the culmination of the sports postseason each October. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901-present) East Division (1969-present) Major league titles World Series titles (26) 2000 â€¢ 1999 â€¢ 1998 â€¢ 1996 1978 â€¢ 1977 â€¢ 1962 â€¢ 1961 1958 â€¢ 1956 â€¢ 1953 â€¢ 1952 1951 â€¢ 1950 â€¢ 1949 â€¢ 1947 1943 â€¢ 1941 â€¢ 1939 â€¢ 1938 1937 â€¢ 1936 â€¢ 1932 â€¢ 1928 1927 â€¢ 1923 AL Pennants (39) 2003 â€¢ 2001 â€¢ 2000... Busch Stadium was the home of the St. ... The name Saint Louis has several referents: Catholic Saints King Saint Louis IX of France; Saint Louis, bishop of Toulouse in France Locations Saint Louis, Missouri St. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ...

A view of the new Busch Stadium from the top of the Gateway arch.
A view of the new Busch Stadium from the top of the Gateway arch.

The city of St. Louis has earned 12 professional sports championships. As mentioned earlier the St. Louis Cardinals have won 9 World Series Championships with one of the championships played against the old cross-city rival the St. Louis Browns in 1944. The St. Louis Rams have won one Super Bowl Championship, and the St. Louis Hawks gave the city its lone NBA Championship. On top of that the St. Louis Blues hold the record for most consecutive playoff appearances in all of sports with 26 straight. The Blues have also made 3 trips to the Stanley Cup Finals but winning none. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1100x831, 675 KB) Summary <Busch_Stadium_05. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1100x831, 675 KB) Summary <Busch_Stadium_05. ... Busch Stadium III (a. ... The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892-present) Central Division (1994-present) Eastern Division (1969-1993) American Association (1882-1891) Major league titles World Series titles (9) 1982 â€¢1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934 â€¢ 1931 1926 NL Pennants (16) 2004 â€¢ 1987 â€¢ 1985 â€¢ 1982 1968 â€¢ 1967 â€¢ 1964 â€¢ 1946 1944 â€¢ 1943 â€¢ 1942 â€¢ 1934... The World Series is the championship series of Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada, the culmination of the sports postseason each October. ... (For the 1901-02 American League team known as the Baltimore Orioles, see New York Yankees. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... City Saint Louis, Missouri Other nicknames {{{nicknames}}} Team colors New Century Gold, Millennium Blue, and White Head Coach Scott Linehan Owner Georgia Frontiere and E. Stanley Kroenke General manager Charlie Armey Fight song {{{song}}} Mascot {{{mascot}}} Local radio Flagship stations: KLOU (103. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... The Atlanta Hawks are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The St. ... The Stanley Cup on display at the Hockey Hall of Fame. ...


St. Louis was also home to two prominent twentieth-century boxers, brothers Leon and Michael Spinks. The two are the only brothers in boxing history to have both captured the Heavyweight boxing title. Boxing, nicknamed the sweet science and also called pugilism or prizefighting, is a sport where two participants of similar weight attack each other with their fists in a series of two to three-minute intervals called rounds. In both Amateur and Professional divisions, the combatants (called boxers or fighters) avoid... Leon Spinks is a former boxer who tasted lifes highs and lows more than most other boxers. ... Michael Spinks, a native of St. ...


Professional Wrestling also has firm roots in St. Louis. Essentially, three men - and three buildings - and hundreds upon hundreds of thousands of mat fans – millions, if you prefer – over some seven decades, combined to make the Mound City not only the "Gateway to the West," but the unofficial capital of professional wrestling. The three men were Tom Packs, Sam Muchnick, and Lou Thesz. Bruno Sammartino wrestles with Stan The Man Stasiak. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Lou Thesz was the stage name of Aloysius Martin Thesz, (April 24, 1916 – April 28, 2002) who was a champion wrestler for 58 years. ...


The Savvis Center will host the 2007 Frozen Four college ice hockey tournament on April 5 and April 7, 2007. The Savvis Center also hosts the annual "Braggin' Rights" game, a men's college basketball rivalry game between the universities of Illinois and Missouri. St. Louis is roughly equidistant from the two campuses. The Savvis Center (formerly Keil Center) is an arena located in the city of St. ... The Frozen Four is the trademarked name of the final two rounds of the NCAA Division I championship of ice hockey in the USA. Schools advance in a single-elimination tournament from four regional sites to a single site, where the national semifinals and final game are played. ... April 5 is the 95th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (96th in leap years). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) will be a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, also known as UIUC and the U of I (the officially preferred abbreviation), is the flagship campus in the University of Illinois system. ... The University of Missouri–Columbia, (abbreviated MU and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri, USA. Columbia is the flagship campus in the University of Missouri System with approximately 27,000 students. ...


In March 2005, the Edward Jones Dome in St. Louis hosted the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Final Four. In April 2009, Edward Jones Dome will host the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship Final Four. 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Edward Jones Dome is a 65,321 seat sports stadium in Saint Louis, Missouri, and home of the St. ... It has been suggested that March Madness be merged into this article or section. ... Final Four is a sports term that is commonly applied to the last four teams remaining in a playoff tournament. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The NCAA Womens Division I Championship is an annual basketball tournament for women. ... Final Four is a sports term that is commonly applied to the last four teams remaining in a playoff tournament. ...


Gateway International Raceway hosts NASCAR events in nearby Madison, Illinois. Gateway International Raceway is a race track in Madison, Illinois, USA. It hosts a NASCAR Busch Series event, an NASCAR Craftsman Truck Series race, an IRL event on a 1. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Madison is a city located in Madison County, Illinois. ...


There are also several minor league teams in the area. The Gateway Grizzlies (Minor League Baseball) of the Frontier League, which plays at GMC Stadium across the river in Sauget, Illinois. The River City Rascals (Minor League Baseball) also of the Frontier League, play at T.R. Hughes Stadium in nearby O'Fallon, Missouri. The Missouri River Otters (United Hockey League) play at Family Arena in St. Charles, Missouri. The River City Rage are an Arena Football team that play in the National Indoor Football League at Family Arena. The St. Louis Flight are a basketball team that play in the newly reincarnated American Basketball Association, also at Family Arena. The Gateway Grizzlies are a minor league baseball team which plays in Sauget, Illinois. ... A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... The Frontier League is a minor league baseball Independent league which operates in the Midwest. ... GMC Stadium is a minor league facility in Sauget, Illinois (a suburb of St. ... Sauget is a village located in St. ... The River City Rascals are a minor league baseball team which plays in OFallon, Missouri. ... A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... The Frontier League is a minor league baseball Independent league which operates in the Midwest. ... OFallon is a city along Interstate 70 between Wentzville and St. ... The Missouri River Otters are a UHL minor league hockey team. ... UHL logo The United Hockey League (UHL) is a low-level professional ice hockey league with teams in the United States. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ... St. ... The River City Rage are a professional indoor football team. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... National Indoor Football League is a minor league indoor football association based in the United States. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ... The St. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005 Basketball is a sport in which two teams of five players each try to score points by throwing a ball through a hoop (the basket) under organized rules. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) was founded in 1967 and eventually merged with the National Basketball Association. ... The Family Arena is a 10,000-seat multi-purpose arena in St. ...


St. Louis is also one of the few cities in the country that plays host to local Corkball leagues. Corkball is a "mini-baseball" game featuring a 1.6 oz. ball and bat with a barrell tha measures just 1.5". Corkball is St. Louis' classic baseball game. Originally played on the streets and alleys of St. Louis in the early 1900s, today the game has leagues formed around the country as a result of St. Louis servicemen introducing the game to their buddies during World War II and the Korean conflict. It has many of the features of baseball, yet can be played in a very small area because there is no baserunning. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 8 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a military conflict that took place between 1939 and 1945. ... The Korean War, from June 25, 1950 to cease-fire on July 27, 1953 (the war has not ended officially), was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ...


Economy

Saint Louis punches above its weight as a center for corporate headquarters. Beer commercials have made the city well known as the home of Anheuser-Busch Breweries. Two local brokerages, A.G. Edwards and Edward Jones, have grown into dominant players on America's financial landscape. It is also the site for the headquarters of Energizer, the battery company. Neighboring suburbs host Monsanto, formerly a chemical company and now a leader in genetically modified crops, and Solutia, the former Monsanto chemical division that was spun off as a separate company in 1997. Hardee's corporate headquarters lies in the metro area. Enterprise Rent-A-Car is headquartered in Clayton. Emerson Electric is headquartered in the north side of St. Louis. Charter Communications, the nation's fourth largest broadband communications company, is headquartered in the St. Louis suburb of Town and Country. Anheuser-Busch NYSE: BUD, the worlds third largest brewing company in volume after InBev and SABMiller, is based in St. ... Edward D. Jones, Sr. ... Energizer Holdings (formerly Eveready Battery), headquartered in St. ... Monsanto Company NYSE: MON is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. ... Genetic engineering, genetic modification (GM), and gene splicing (once in widespread use but now deprecated) are terms for the process of manipulating genes in an organism, usually outside of the organisms normal reproductive process. ... A farmer in Germany working the land in the traditional way, with horse and plough Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by the cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Solutia Inc. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hardees is an American fast-food restaurant chain, mostly in the Midwestern and Southeastern U.S.. // History Hardees was founded by Wilbur Hardee, who opened his first restaurant in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, in 1960. ... The Enterprise Rent-A-Car Company is a St. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... Emerson Electric Company is a global company based in the United States which ranked 144 on the Fortune 500. ... Charter Communications (NASDAQ: CHTR) is a company providing cable television, HDTV, cable telephone, and broadband services over 6. ...


However, in recent years, many longtime corporate pillars have left St. Louis. Saint Louis was the corporate headquarters of McDonnell-Douglas prior to its 1997 merger with Boeing. Upon the merger, the area became the headquarters for Boeing's $27 billion-per-year Integrated Defense Systems division and its company-wide Phantom Works R&D operation. Locally, Boeing manufactures the F/A-18 Super Hornet and JDAM smart bombs, and has developed — at times secretly — several unmanned combat air vehicles (UCAVs). However, when Boeing relocated its corporate headquarters from Seattle, Washington in 2001, it moved to Chicago, Illinois — Saint Louis was not one of the final candidates. A DC-10, a McDonnell Douglas airplane design McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturer, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA)(TYO: 7661 ) is the worlds leading aircraft and aerospace manufacturer, headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, with its largest production facilities in Everett, Washington, about 30 miles north of Seattle, Washington. ... The F/A-18 Hornet is an all-weather fighter and attack aircraft. ... The Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) is a guidance tail kit that converts existing unguided free-fall bombs into accurate, adverse weather smart munitions. ... The Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) is the name of a new class of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) that have been designed to carry out air strikes. ... This article is about the city. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden) Official website: http://egov. ...


From 1994 until its acquisition in 2000 by Tyco International, another chemical company, Mallinckrodt, was headquartered in Saint Louis County. Many of the former Mallinckrodt facilities are still in operation by Tyco in the Saint Louis suburb of Hazelwood, Missouri. 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Tyco International Ltd. ... Hazelwood is a city located in St. ...


Saint Louis was the corporate headquarters for animal feed and human-food maker Ralston Purina. After divesting all of its businesses except the pet food division, Nestle S.A., the world's largest food company acquired it in 2001. Several of the divested business still remain in St. Louis including Energizer, Ralcorp and Protein Technologies, Inc. n/k/a Solae. Trans World Airlines (acquired by American Airlines, which then dismantled TWA's St. Louis hub), telecommunications company SBC (moved to San Antonio), and military contractor General Dynamics (moved to Washington, D.C.). All major St. Louis banks have been purchased by out-of-town banks. The city retains a Federal Reserve Bank. Ralston Purina was a major American corporation best known for its production and marketing of animal feeds. ... A Douglas DC-3 is prepared for takeoff from Columbus, Ohio in 1940. ... American Airlines Boeing 757 American Airlines and American Eagle aircraft at San Juan Note: For the arenas named after this company, see American Airlines Center (Dallas, Texas), or American Airlines Arena (Miami, Florida). ... An Airline hub is an airport that an airline uses as a transfer point to get passengers to their intended destination. ... Telecommunication is the extension of communication over a distance. ... SBC Communications NYSE: SBC is an American telecommunications company based in San Antonio, Texas. ... Nickname: Alamo City, Countdown City, River City, Military City, USA, Saytown Motto: Official website: www. ... General Dynamics NYSE: GD is a defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2005 it is the sixth largest defense contractor in the world [2]. The company has changed markedly in the post-Cold War era of defense consolidation. ... Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... Iain Banks is a Scottish-born writer of both mainstream and science fiction novels. ... The Federal Reserve Bank of St. ...


Saint Louis remains home to railway car plants; two DaimlerChrysler plants in the nearby suburb of Fenton, where minivans and pickup trucks are built; a General Motors plant in suburban Wentzville; and a Ford Motor Company plant in Hazelwood, where SUVs are built. DaimlerChrysler AG (FWB: DCX, NYSE: DCX, TYO: 7663 ), headquartered in Stuttgart, Germany and Auburn Hills, Michigan, is a prominent automobile and truck manufacturer and financial services provider (through DaimlerChrysler Services). ... Fenton is a city located in St. ... A newer minivan (a Plymouth Grand Voyager) A minivan is a type of vehicle developed independently by Matra/Renault and the Chrysler Corporation. ... Pickup truck with extended cabin and homebuilt lumber rack. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... Wentzville is a city located in St. ... The Ford Motor Company (often referred to as Ford; sometimes nicknamed FoMoCo), NYSE: F is a multinational corporation that manufactures automobiles. ... Hazelwood is a city located in St. ... A sport utility vehicle (SUV) or off-roader is a vehicle that combines the load-hauling and passenger-carrying capacity of a large station wagon or minivan with features designed for off-road driving. ...


The region has built up a formidable health care industry. This is dominated by BJC HealthCare, which operates Barnes-Jewish Hospital and St. Louis Children's Hospital, plus eleven others. BJC benefits from a symbiotic relationship with Washington University's School of Medicine, which is a major center of medical research. Other major players include SSM Health Care, St. John's Mercy, and the Tenet Healthcare Corporation chain. In addition there is Saint Louis University's School of Medicine which is a leader in several areas of medical research and works with hospitals including Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital and Saint Louis University Hospital. St. Louis is also home to two companies that produce radiation therapy planning software, CMS, Inc. and Multidata Systems International. Barnes-Jewish Hospital is located in St. ... Common Clownfish (Amphiprion ocellaris) in their Magnificent Sea Anemone (Heteractis magnifica) home. ... Washington University in St. ... Tenet Healthcare Corporation (NYSE: THC) is a holding company that owns and operates hospitals in the United States. ... DuBourg Hall serves as the administration building for St. ... SSM Cardinal Glennon Childrens Hospital is a hospital in St. ... Saint Louis University Hospital is a hospital in St. ... Multidata Systems International is a privately-held maker of radiation therapy software based in Saint Louis, Missouri. ...


Although local housing costs have risen in recent years, they are still significantly below the national average, and are a revelation to new arrivals from the coasts. From the mid-1990s onward, the City of St. Louis itself has seen a major surge in housing rehabilitation as well as new construction on cleared sites. As a rule, other costs of living also are at or below the national average. Wages tend to reflect these facts, likewise being at or slightly below the average.


Colleges and universities

Saint Louis and its surrounding area are the home of several major universities, colleges, and higher education facilities:

DuBourg Hall serves as the administration building for St. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and doctor) in a variety of subjects. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... Washington University in St. ... The University of Missouri-St. ... Southern Illinois University is a university in southern Illinois with two institutions and multiple campuses. ... Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Bridge over lake on SIUE campus. ... Southern Illinois University Carbondale Southern Illinois University Carbondale is located in Carbondale, Illinois. ... Webster University is located in Webster Groves, Missouri, a suburb of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Maryville University (Maryville University of St. ... Fontbonne University is a co-ed Catholic institution of approximately 2,300 students, located in Clayton, Missouri, an inner suburb of St. ... Concordia Seminary is located in Clayton, Missouri, an inner-ring suburb on the western border of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... LCMS logo The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS) is the second-largest Lutheran body in the United States. ... Eden Theological Seminary is a seminary of the United Church of Christ. ... Emblem of the UCC The United Church of Christ (UCC) is a mainline Protestant Christian denomination in the United States, generally considered within the Reformed tradition, and formed in 1957 by the merger of two denominations, the Evangelical and Reformed Church and the Congregational Christian Churches. ... Lindenwood University is a four-year liberal arts institution in St. ... Harris Stowe State University Official Site Categories: United States university stubs | Universities and colleges in Missouri | Saint Louis, Missouri ... Deaconess College of Nursing is a for profit nursing school in St. ... Theology for Life A Roman Catholic Graduate School sponsored by the Order of Preachers and located in the Central Province of St. ... Covenant Theological Seminary is the denominational seminary of the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA). ... The University of Phoenix is the largest private university in the United States and the first with a for-profit model. ...

Medicine

Because of its colleges, hospitals, and companies like Monsanto, Saint Louis is respected as a center of medicine and biotechnology. Barnes-Jewish hospital, in junction with Washington University in St. Louis's School of Medicine, is the fifth largest in the world, while WashU's Medical School consistently ranks in the top 5 nationally. Monsanto Company NYSE: MON is a multinational agricultural biotechnology corporation. ... Washington University in St. ...


Transportation

Like most American cities, the main method of transportation is the automobile. Use of the automobile is supported by the existence of many limited-access interstate highways (I-70, I-55, I-44, I-64, I-255, I-170, and I-270), as well as numerous state and county highways. Also, located as an enclave in northern Saint Louis County, near the Missouri River, is the Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport, which is administered by the city of Saint Louis. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-15 UT 0 I-25 CO 274 I-35 MO 1-2 I-29 MO 2 I-64 MO 251-IL 3 I-55 MO 251-IL 20 I-44 MO 251-State line I-57 IL 92-98 I-74 IN 73 I-55... Interstate 55 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST I-40 Oklahoma 120 I-35 Oklahoma 130-135 I-55 Missouri 290 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS   Interstate 44 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Interstate 64 (abbreviated I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Interstate 255 is a bypass route of Interstate 55 near St. ... Interstate 170 is the designation for an interstate route in the St. ... This page is about the St. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Diagram of STL. Lambert-Saint Louis International Airport (IATA: STL, ICAO: KSTL) is the primary airport for Saint Louis, Missouri and the surrounding area. ...


Mass transit is provided in two forms, both of which are controlled by one agency: the city bus system and Metrolink, a light-rail train system that mainly connects the airport to downtown and, recently, parts of the Metro East (extending as far east as Scott Air Force Base near Shiloh, Illinois). Metrolink is currently being expanded to Clayton, the county seat for Saint Louis County, and to south Saint Louis County. Passenger train service is also available through a "temporary" (since 1980) train station set up near downtown by Amtrak; smaller, yet permanent, train stations exist in the suburb of Kirkwood and nearby Alton, Illinois. Map of St. ... A tram of the Luas system in Dublin, Ireland A train of Light Rail, KCRC, Hong Kong. ... Scott Air Force Base (Scott AFB) is a base of the United States Air Force located in St. ... Shiloh is a village located in St. ... Map of Missouri highlighting St. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida Amtrak’s high-speed Acela Express at Penn Station New York, NY Amtrak, is the brand name of the intercity passenger train system created on May 1, 1971 in the United States. ... Alton is a city located in Madison County, Illinois. ...


St. Louis once had a moderately extensive streetcar system, but service began to erode in the 1950s and ended for good in 1966. The Metrolink expansion mirrors the original pathways. A movement is afoot to reinstate limited trolley service.[2]


Saint Louis was also the largest city between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California on famous U.S. Highway 66. Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden) Official website: http://egov. ... Nickname: City of Angels Motto: Official website: http://www. ... U.S. Highway 66 or Route 66 was a highway in the U.S. Highway system. ...


Crime and social issues

The city of Saint Louis has one of the highest per-capita crime rates in the United States, with 111 murders and 7,059 burglaries in 2002, reported by CityData. Statistical data for the city of Saint Louis is often skewed by its fixed boundary and status as an independent city. Also, according to Morgan Quitno's "America's safest/most dangerous cities" report, Saint Louis has been constantly ranked among nation's worst three - 3rd, 3rd, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, during 2000-2004, and ranked 3rd again in 2005, following Camden, New Jersey and Detroit, Michigan. Morgan Quitno Press is an independent research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tweeter Center The City of Camden is the county seat of Camden County, New Jersey in the United States. ... Nickname: The Motor City, Motown Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Official website: http://www. ...


Historically, Saint Louis has been a de facto segregated city. The City's African-American population has been concentrated in North St. Louis. While some North St. Louis neighborhoods such as Baden and Penrose are stable and have a large number of middle-class residents, many northside neighborhoods suffer from poverty, unemployment, crime and dilapidated housing. Most white Saint Louisans, especially white males, who tend to hold the better jobs in the region and enjoy higher pay scales than women and minorities, have moved their families into the better-off suburbs. In an attempt to counter this problem, Saint Louis has implemented a school desegregation program: some inner city African-American students are bused into Saint Louis County schools, and, in exchange, some County students are bused into City magnet schools. An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, American-African or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ...


These historic patterns of segregation are starting to break down. For the past 25 years, St. Louis has a number of successful integrated neighborhoods in the "central corridor" stretching from Soulard and Lafayette Square near the Mississippi River to the Central West End near Forest Park. More recently, a number of near southside neighborhoods, especially around Tower Grove Park, have also successfully integrated. These areas have seen an influx of African-American residents, as well as Vietnamese residents and other immigrant groups. There has been a recent growth in the Bosnian population in South St. Louis. Many of the suburbs in North St. Louis County became more integrated during the 1990's. Indeed, the 2000 Census revealed that more African-Americans live in St. Louis County than live in St. Louis City. Of the African-American residents in the City, less than half live north of Delmar Boulevard, the traditional boundary for "North St. Louis." McDonnell Planetarium Old Footbridge in Forest Park Forest Park in Saint Louis, Missouri, opened in 1876 and the former site of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904, is one of the large urban landscape parks created in the U.S. during the later 19th century, following the example of Central... Categories: Stub | Saint Louis, Missouri ...


The whole Saint Louis area has been trying to fix its pollution problem. Missouri requires gasoline stations in the metro area to serve a special, reformulated gasoline. Most cars owned by residents of Saint Louis and the counties of Saint Louis, Saint Charles, Jefferson, and Franklin must pass an automobile pollution test every other year. Water pollution Environmental pollution is the release of environmental contaminants, generally resulting from human activity. ...


Effective July 1, 2005, the city of St. Louis has quietly extended healthcare benefits to the domestic partners of all city employees, including same-sex partners and others living in committed but unmarried relationships, as well as children of such families. One of the chief criticisms of this measure was the increased cost; however, the City has stated that there will be no increased cost, because the City continues to pay directly only for the coverage of the employee. Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ...


Sister cities

Saint Louis has eleven sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the unrelated concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Bologna (pronounced , from Latin Bononia, BulÃ¥ggna in the local dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, between the Po River and the Apennines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Galway (official Irish name: Gaillimh) is the only city in the province of Connacht in Ireland and capital of County Galway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ... Puncak pass area, looking north towards Bogor over extensive tea plantations Bogor is a city in West Java with a population of approximately 800,000 people in CBD area and 2,000,000 in suburban area, bringing a total of 3 million population. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guyana. ... Georgetown, estimated population 250,000 (1998), is the capital and largest city of Guyana, located in the Demerara-Mahaica region. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... City motto: Avant, avant, Lion le melhor. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Nanjing (Chinese: 南京; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Nan-ching; Postal System Pinyin: Nanking), is the capital of Chinas Jiangsu Province and a city with a prominent place in Chinese history and culture. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Saint-Louis or Saint-Louis du Sénégal (locally called Ndar in the Wolof language) is a city in the northwest of Senegal near the mouth of the Senegal River (, ). It is the capital of the Saint-Louis Region and has a population of 154,555 (2002 census). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Samara (Russian: Сама́ра), from 1935 to 1991—Kuybyshev (Russian: Ку́йбышев), is a major city situated on the Volga River in the southeastern part of European Russia, Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District, the administrative center of Samara Oblast. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Stuttgart, a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 as of September 2005 in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Categories: Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Motto: none Voivodship West Pomeranian Municipal government Rada miasta Szczecina Mayor Marian Jurczyk Area 301,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 415 600 1372/km² Founded City rights 8th century 1243 Latitude Longitude 53°26N 14°34E Area code +48 91 Car plates ZS Twin towns Berlin-Kreuzberg...

See also

This is a list of famous residents of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... East St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... Fair Saint Louis is an annual festival held during the July 4th holiday in downtown Saint Louis, Missouri, which some locals like to call Americas largest birthday party. ... The Great Insignificant Flood of 1993 was a huge, costly, and devastating flood that occurred in the American Midwest from April to October of 1993. ... This is a listing of all those that have served as the Mayor of the City of Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The St. ... St. ... U.S. Highway 66 or Route 66 was a highway in the U.S. Highway system. ... -1... St. ...

External links

Find more information on Saint Louis, Missouri by searching one of Wikipedia's sister projects:

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 News stories from Wikinews Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

  • Maps and aerial photos



Flag of Missouri State of Missouri
Capital Jefferson City
Regions Bootheel | Little Dixie | St. Francois Mountains | Ozark Plateau | Northern Plains | Missouri Rhineland | Lincoln Hills | Lead Belt | Platte Purchase
Metropolian Areas St. Louis | Kansas City | Springfield | Joplin | Columbia | Jefferson City | St. Joseph
Largest cities

Kansas City | St. Louis | Springfield | Independence | Columbia | Lee's Summit | St. Joseph | O'Fallon | St. Charles | St. Peters | Florissant | Blue Springs | Chesterfield | Joplin | University City | Jefferson City | Cape Girardeau | Wildwood | Ballwin | Raytown | Liberty | Kirkwood | Gladstone | Hazelwood | Maryland Heights State flag of Missouri. ... A U.S. state is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 240 mi; 385 km 300 mi; 480 km 1. ... This is a list of United States state capitals: See also List of current and former capital cities within the United States List of capitals of subnational entities Reference http://www. ... The capitol building on a sunny day. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... This article is about the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Missouri; the term Bootheel is also used to refer to the southwestern part of Hidalgo County, New Mexico. ... Little Dixie, in Missouri, lies along the northern side of the Missouri River and is so named because of its settlement by Southerners dating from before and following the Missouri Compromise of 1820. ... This shaded-relief map shows the location and extent of the St. ... The Ozark Mountains near Roaring River State Park on Missouri State Highway 112. ... Northern Plains is a region in the state of Missouri. ... The Missouri Rhineland is a geographical area of Missouri from west of Saint Louis and slightly east of Jefferson City located mostly in the Missouri river valley. ... The Lincoln Hills extends along the Mississippi River, starting about 40 miles northwest of St. ... The Lead Belt is a lead mining district in the southeastern part of Missouri. ... The Platte Purchase, a historic region of the United States was the territory included the land between the Missouri River and the original state line. ... A metropolitan area is a large population center consisting of a large city and its adjacent zone of influence, or of several neighboring cities or towns and adjoining areas, with one or more large cities serving as its hub or hubs. ... The St. ... The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a metropolitan area situated at the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers and straddling the state border between Missouri and Kansas. ... The area around Joplin containing towns in Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Arkansas. ... Nickname: City of Fountains or Heart of the Nation Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Lees Summit is a city located in Jackson and Cass County, Missouri. ... Saint Joseph is a city located in Buchanan County, Missouri. ... OFallon is a city along Interstate 70 between Wentzville and St. ... St. ... St. ... Florissant is a city located in St. ... Blue Springs is a city located in Jackson County, Missouri. ... Chesterfield is a city located in St. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ... University City is a city located in St. ... The capitol building on a sunny day. ... Cape Girardeau (pronounced ) (French: Cap-Girardeau, pronounced ) is a city located in the county of the same name in Missouri, 100 miles south of Saint Louis. ... Wildwood is a city located in St. ... Ballwin is a city located in St. ... Raytown is a city located in Jackson County, Missouri. ... Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri. ... Kirkwood is a city located in St. ... Gladstone is a city located in Clay County, Missouri, founded in 1952. ... Hazelwood is a city located in St. ... Maryland Heights is a city located in St. ...

Counties

Adair | Andrew | Atchison | Audrain | Barry | Barton | Bates | Benton | Bollinger | Boone | Buchanan | Butler | Caldwell | Callaway | Camden | Cape Girardeau | Carroll | Carter | Cass | Cedar | Chariton | Christian | Clark | Clay | Clinton | Cole | Cooper | Crawford | Dade | Dallas | Daviess | DeKalb | Dent | Douglas | Dunklin | Franklin | Gasconade | Gentry | Greene | Grundy | Harrison | Henry | Hickory | Holt | Howard | Howell | Iron | Jackson | Jasper | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Laclede | Lafayette | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Linn | Livingston | Macon | Madison | Maries | Marion | McDonald | Mercer | Miller | Mississippi | Moniteau | Monroe | Montgomery | Morgan | New Madrid | Newton | Nodaway | Oregon | Osage | Ozark | Pemiscot | Perry | Pettis | Phelps | Pike | Platte | Polk | Pulaski | Putnam | Ralls | Randolph | Ray | Reynolds | Ripley | St. Charles | St. Clair | St. Francois | St. Louis (City) | St. Louis County | Ste. Genevieve | Saline | Schuyler | Scotland | Scott | Shannon | Shelby | Stoddard | Stone | Sullivan | Taney | Texas | Vernon | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Webster | Worth | Wright Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... Adair County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Andrew County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Atchison County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Audrain County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Barry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Barton County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Bates County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Benton County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Bollinger County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Location in the state of Missouri Formed Seat Columbia Area  - Total  - Water 1,790 km² (691 mi²) 15 km² (6 mi²) 0. ... Buchanan County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Butler County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Caldwell County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Callaway County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Camden County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Cape Girardeau County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Carroll County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Carter County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Cass County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Cedar County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Chariton County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Christian County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Clark County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Clinton County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Cole County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Cooper County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Crawford County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1990. ... Dade County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Dallas County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Daviess County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... DeKalb County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Dent County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Douglas County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Dunklin County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Franklin County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Gasconade County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Gentry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Greene County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Grundy County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Harrison County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Henry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Hickory County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Holt County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Howard County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Howell County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Iron County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Jasper County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and included the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. ... Johnson County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Knox County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Laclede County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Lafayette County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Lawrence County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Lewis County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Linn County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Livingston County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Macon County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Maries County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... McDonald County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Mercer County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Miller County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Mississippi County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Moniteau County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Monroe County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Montgomery County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Morgan County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... New Madrid County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Newton County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Nodaway County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Oregon County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Osage County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Ozark County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Pemiscot County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Perry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Pettis County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... Pike County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Platte County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Pulaski County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Putnam County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Ralls County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Randolph County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Ray County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Reynolds County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Ripley County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Ste. ... Saline County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Schuyler County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Scotland County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Scott County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Shannon County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Shelby County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Stoddard County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Stone County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Taney County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Texas County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Vernon County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Warren County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Wayne County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Webster County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Worth County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Wright County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ...


Olympic Summer Games host cities

Athens (1896) | Paris (1900) | Saint Louis (1904) | London (1908) | Stockholm (1912) | Antwerp (1920) | Paris (1924) | Amsterdam (1928) | Los Angeles (1932) | Berlin (1936) | London (1948) | Helsinki (1952) | Melbourne (1956) | Rome (1960) | Tokyo (1964) | Mexico City (1968) | Munich (1972) | Montreal (1976) | Moscow (1980) | Los Angeles (1984) | Seoul (1988) | Barcelona (1992) | Atlanta (1996) | Sydney (2000) | Athens (2004)
Future host cities: Beijing (2008) | London (2012) Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Old town in Stockholm from the air (help· info) is the capital of Sweden, located on the east coast at the entrance of lake Mälaren. ... The Cathedral of our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp) in the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to a number of triptychs by Renaissance Belgian painter Rubens. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 742,951(1 January 2005) Coordinates 52°22′N 4°54′E Website www. ... Nickname: City of Angels Motto: Official website: http://www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki City manager Jussi Pajunen Official languages Finnish, Swedish Area  - total  - land ranked 342nd 185. ... Melbourne is the state capital and largest city in the Australian state of Victoria, and the second-largest city in Australia (after Sydney), with a population of approximately 3. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... View of Tokyos Shibuya district Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Imperial Palace. ... Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the name of a megacity located in the Valley of Mexico (Valle de México), a large valley in the high plateaus (altiplano) at the center of Mexico, about 2,240 metres (7,349 feet) above sea-level, surrounded on most sides... Munich and the Bavarian Alps Munich (German: München (pronounced listen) is the largest city and capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay MPs Vivian Barbot, Bernard Bigras, Denis Coderre, Irwin Cotler, Stéphane Dion, Gilles Duceppe, Marlene Jennings, Francine Lalonde, Jean Lapierre, Paul Martin, Réal Ménard, Serge Ménard, Maria Mourani, Massimo Pacetti, Bernard Patry... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA: (help· info)) is the capital of Russia and the countrys principal political, economic, financial, educational and transportation center, located on the river Moskva. ... Nickname: City of Angels Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Seoul ( (help· info)) is the capital of South Korea (the Republic of Korea) and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... Barcelona is the capital city of Catalonia (Spain). ... Nickname: The Horizon City, Hotlanta, The Big Peach Motto: Official website: http://www. ... Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and with a population of over four million people is the most populous city in Australia. ... Athens (Greek: Αθήνα Athína IPA ) is the capital of Greece and one of the most famous cities in the world. ... (help· info), a city in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The Houses of Parliament and the clock tower containing Big Ben Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint Louis, Missouri - definition of Saint Louis, Missouri in Encyclopedia (4374 words)
The Saint Louis metropolitan area, which includes counties in both Missouri and Illinois, is the 18th largest in the United States, with a total population of 2,603,607 as of the 2000 census.
Saint Louis was acquired from France by the United States under President Thomas Jefferson in 1803, as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
Saint Louis remains home to railway car plants; two DaimlerChrysler plants in the nearby suburb of Fenton, Missouri, where minivans and pickup trucks are built; a General Motors plant in suburban Wentzville; and a Ford Motor Company plant in Hazelwood, where SUVs are built.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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