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Encyclopedia > Saint Lawrence
Saint Lawrence

Born 225 in Spain
Died August 10, 258 in Rome
Venerated in Catholicism, Anglicanism, some other Christians
Beatified 20070000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
Major shrine Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura in Rome
Feast August 10[1]
Attributes Usually holding a gridiron[2] and wearing a dalmatic[3]
Patronage Rome, Canada, Sri Lanka, comedians, librarians, students, tanners, chefs[4]
Saints Portal
For other uses, see Saint Lawrence (disambiguation).

Saint Lawrence (225 – 258) (Latin Laurentius, "laurelled") was one of the seven deacons of Rome who were martyred under the persecution of Roman Emperor Valerian in 258. Download high resolution version (570x800, 203 KB) ©  This image is copyrighted. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... The term Anglican (from medieval Latin ecclesia Anglicana meaning the English church) is used to describe the people, institutions, and churches as well as the liturgical traditions and theological concepts developed by the established Church of England, the Anglican Communion and the Continuing Anglican Churches (a loosely affiliated group of... In Catholicism, beatification (from Latin beatus, blessed, via Greek μακαριος, makarios) is a recognition accorded by the church of a dead persons accession to Heaven and capacity to intercede on behalf of individuals who pray in their name (intercession of saints). ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... The Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura is a shrine to the martyred Roman deacon, Saint Lawrence. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Symbology of the Saints The Catholic Church has used symbols from its very beginnings. ... A gridiron is a metal grate with parallel bars typically used for grilling meat or fish. ... Rather similar to the chasuble, the dalmatic (one of the liturgical vestments of Catholic and Anglican churches) is the outermost vestment worn by a deacon at the Eucharist or Mass. ... In several forms of the church of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... A comedian, or comic, is an entertainer who amuses an audience by making them laugh. ... The Librarian, a 1556 painting by Giuseppe Arcimboldo A librarian is an information professional trained in library science: the organization and management of information and service to people with information needs. ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stÅ­dÄ“rÄ•, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... Tanner is a surname, and might refer to Alain Tanner, Swiss film-maker Adam Tanner (Tannerus), Austrian Jesuit mathematician and philosopher Beatrice Stella Tanner, the British actress Mrs Patrick Campbell Charles Albert Tanner, Canadian politician Chuck Tanner, American baseball manager D.J. Tanner, fictional character from Full House Danny Tanner... Cooks in training in Paris Chef is a term commonly used to refer to an individual who cooks professionally. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Saint-Laurent, Saint Lawrence or Saint Laurence can mean many things; also St-Laurent, , St Laurence). ... In Greek mythology Apollo is represented wearing a laurel-wreath on his head, and in ancient Greece wreaths were awarded to victors, both in athletic competitions, including the ancient Olympics and poetic meets under his care, as well as worn by several emperors. ... The diaconate is one of three ordained offices in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Valerian on a coin celebrating goddess Fortuna, associated with health and wealth. ... Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate...


The Acta of Lawrence were lost by the time of Augustine, one of whose sermons on Saint Lawrence (Sermo 302, de Sancto Laurent.) admits that his narration was gained from tradition instead of reciting the Acts as was his preferred custom (St Ambrose, de Officina i. 41). Such early legends made Lawrence a native of Huesca (Roman Osca) in Hispania Tarraconensis who had received religious instruction from Archdeacon Sixtus in Rome. When Sixtus became Bishop of Rome in 257, Lawrence was ordained a deacon and was placed in charge of the administration of Church goods and care for the poor. For this duty, he is regarded as one of the first archivists and treasurers of the Church and was made the patron of librarians. For the first Archbishop of Canterbury, see Saint Augustine of Canterbury. ... A legend (Latin, legenda, things to be read) is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. ... Huesca (Aragonese Uesca, Catalan Osca) is a city in Aragon, Spain. ... Roman Imperial province of Hispania Tarraconensis, 120 AD Hispania Tarraconensis was one of three Roman provinces in Hispania. ... Sixtus II was pope from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258, following Stephen I as bishop of Rome in 257. ... Events Pope Sixtus II succeeds Pope Stephen I Births Saint Gregory the Illuminator, founder and patron saint of the Armenian Church (approximate date) Deaths Pope Stephen I Categories: 257 ...


In the persecutions under Valerian in 258, numerous priests and bishops were put to death, while Christians belonging to the nobility or the senate were deprived of their goods and exiled. Pope St Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being crucified on August 6. A legend cited by St Ambrose of Milan says that Lawrence met the Pope on his way to his execution, where he is reported to have said, "Where are you going, my dear father, without your son? Where are you hurrying off to, holy priest, without your deacon? Before you never mounted the altar of sacrifice without your servant, and now you wish to do it without me?" The Pope is reported to have prophesied that "after three days you will follow me". Modern scholars tend to read this moving encounter as a literary invention. Events Sun Xiu succeeds Sun Liang as ruler of the Chinese kingdom of Wu The Goths ravage Asia Minor and Trabzon Gaul, Britain and Spain break off from the Roman Empire to form the Gallic Empire Nanjing University first founded in Nanjing, China Births Emperor Hui of Jin China (approximate... Roman Catholic priests in traditional clerical clothing. ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Saint Ambrose, (Latin: Sanctus Ambrosius, Ambrosius episcopus Mediolanensis; Italian: SantAmbrogio) (c. ... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán (listen)) is the main city of northern Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. ...


Cyprian, the contemporary bishop of Carthage (Epistles 80.1: ad Successum) mentions the directive of Valerian that Christian bishops, presbyters, and deacons should forthwith be punished, and records the martyrdom of Xystus bishop of Rome, in accordance with it on August 6 (Wace). Saint Cyprian (Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus) (died September 14, 258) was bishop of Carthage and an important early Christian writer. ...

Contents

Lawrence and the Holy Chalice

According to lore, among the treasure of the Roman church entrusted to Lawrence for safe-keeping was the Holy Chalice, the cup from which Jesus and the Apostles drank at the Last Supper. Lawrence was able to spirit this away to Huesca with a letter and a supposed inventory, where it lay hidden and unregarded for centuries. Early sources and the Catholic Encyclopedia make no mention of such an outstanding transaction. When Augustine connects Lawrence with a chalice, it is the chalice of the Mass: In Christian tradition the Holy Chalice is the vessel which Jesus used at the Last Supper to serve the wine. ... According to gospel, the Last Supper was the last meal Jesus shared with his apostles before his death. ...

"For in that Church, you see, as you have regularly been told, he performed the office of deacon; it was there that he administered the sacred chalice of Christ’s blood". —Sermon on St Lawrence.

According to Christian mythology, the Holy Grail is a relic that was sent by St. Lawrence to his parents in Spain. He entrusted this sacred chalice to a friend who he knew would travel back to Spain, his home country. While the Holy Chalice's exact journey through the centuries is disputed, it is generally accepted by Catholics that the Chalice was sent by his family to a monastery for preservation and veneration. Historical records indicate that this chalice has been venerated and preserved by a number of monks and monasteries through the ages. Today the Holy Grail is venerated in a special chapel in the Catholic Cathedral of Valencia, Spain, in the region of St. Lawrence's birth and early life. Christian mythology is a body of stories that explains or symbolizes Christian beliefs. ... In Christian mythology, the Holy Grail was the dish, plate, or cup used by Jesus at the Last Supper, said to possess miraculous powers. ... The Cathedral of Valencia. ...


The jewels of St Lawrence

After the death of Sixtus, the praefect of Rome demanded that Lawrence turn over the riches of the Church. Ambrose (De officiis min. xxviii) is the earliest source for the tale that Lawrence asked for three days to gather together the wealth. Lawrence worked swiftly to distribute as much Church property to the poor as possible, so as to prevent its being seized by the prefect. On the third day, at the head of a small delegation, he presented himself to the prefect, and when ordered to give up the treasures of the Church, he presented the poor, the crippled, the blind and the suffering, and said that these were the true treasures of the Church. One account records him declaring to the prefect, "The Church is truly rich, far richer than your emperor." This act of defiance led directly to his martyrdom.


Compare the parallel Roman tale of the jewels of Cornelia. Cornelia Scipionis Africana (born circa 190 BC - died 100 BC) was the second daughter of Scipio Africanus Major, the hero of the Second Punic War, and Aemilia Paulla. ...


Martyrdom

The stone on which Saint Lawrence's body was laid after his death, in San Lorenzo fuori le mura
The stone on which Saint Lawrence's body was laid after his death, in San Lorenzo fuori le mura
The shrine in Rome containing the gridiron said to have been used to grill Saint Lawrence to death

Henry Wace stated, "Few martyrdoms of the first three centuries are better attested than this one."[citation needed] It is said that Lawrence was burned or "grilled" to death. Legend says that he was so strong-willed that instead of giving in to the Romans and releasing information about the Church, at the point of death he exclaimed "I am done on this side! Turn me over and eat." Many modern scholars hold death by decapitation to be more likely. Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 640 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2032x1524, 640 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 10058 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 10058 KB) Other versions Originally from en. ... Very Reverend Henry Wace (December 10, 1836 - January 9, 1924) was the Dean of Canterbury from 1903, edited in and contributed to publications in Christian and Ecclesiastical history. ...


By tradition, Lawrence was sentenced at San Lorenzo in Miranda, martyred at San Lorenzo in Panisperna, and buried in the Via Tiburtina in the Catacomb of Cyriaca by Hippolytus and Justinus, a presbyter. Constantine I is said to have built a small oratory in honour of the martyr, which was a station on the itineraries of the graves of the Roman martyrs by the 7th century. Pope Damasus I rebuilt or repaired the church, now known as San Lorenzo fuori le Mura, while the minor basilica of San Lorenzo in Panisperna was built over the place of his martyrdom. The gridiron of the martyrdom was put by Pope Paschal II in the church of San Lorenzo in Lucina. The facade of San Lorenzo in Miranda sports the pillared portico of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina. ... San Lorenzo in Panisperna San Lorenzo in Panisperna[1], or San Lorenzo in Formosa[2], church on Via Panisperna, Rome. ... The word catacomb comes from Greek kata kumbas (L. ad catacumbas), near the low place and originally it meant a certain burial district in Rome. ... Head of Constantines colossal statue at Musei Capitolini Gaius Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[1] (February 27, 272–May 22, 337), commonly known as Constantine I, Constantine the Great, or (among Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic[2] Christians) Saint Constantine, was a Roman Emperor, proclaimed Augustus by his troops on... Saint Damasus I ( 305-383) was Pope from 366. ... The Basilica di San Lorenzo fuori le Mura is a shrine to the martyred Roman deacon, Saint Lawrence. ... San Lorenzo in Panisperna San Lorenzo in Panisperna[1], or San Lorenzo in Formosa[2], church on Via Panisperna, Rome. ... Paschal II, né Ranierius (born in Bleda, near Forlì, Romagna - d. ... San Lorenzo in Lucina is a church in Rome, dating back to the 4th century, and devoted to St Lawrence, Roman diacon and martyr. ...


Sources

One of the early sources for the martyrdom of Saint Lawrence was the description by Aurelius Prudentius Clemens in his Peristephanon, Hymn II. Aurelius Prudentius Clemens was an Roman Christian poet, born in the Roman province of Tarraconensis (in Northern Spain) in 348. ...


Veneration

Lawrence is one of the most widely venerated saints of the Catholic Church. Devotion to him was widespread by the 4th century. As his martyrdom occurred very early in Church history, many other Christians honor him as well. The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins and sees itself as the same Church founded by Jesus of Nazareth and maintained through Apostolic Succession from the Twelve...


Lawrence is especially honored in the city of Rome, where he is one of the city's patrons. There are several churches in Rome dedicated to him, including San Lorenzo in Panisperma, traditionally identified as the place of his execution. He is invoked by librarians, cooks, and tanners as their patron. His celebration on August 10 has the rank of feast throughout the Catholic world. On this day, the reliquary containing his burnt head is displayed in the Vatican for veneration. The Forum for European-Australian Science and Technology Cooperation (FEAST) is a non-government organisation aimed at highlighting and developing collaborative research activities between Europe (European countries and the European Union) and Australia. ...


The Divine Office accords this special prayer to him on his feast day (from the translation in Christian Prayer):


"Father, you called Saint Lawrence to serve you by love and crowned his life with glorious martyrdom. Help us to be like him in loving you and doing your work. Grant this through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen.


There is furthermore an alleged miraculous event that has been witnessed each year on August 10, the Saint's feast day, in a church outside of Rome, where some of the Saint's blood is believed to be preserved in a vial. The blood, now centuries old, begins to liquefy on the vigil of his feast, becoming entirely liquid by the start of the feast day. The blood then re-hardens after the day is concluded. This is attested to by the local residents and parishioners. They attribute this miracle to the intercession of the Saint, who gives this reminder of his martyrdom, intercession for the faithful, and proof of the truth of the Catholic Faith. The miracle of his blood can allegedly be witnessed by any individual at the stated times. The vial in which the blood is contained is supposedly not touched or in any way influenced by human means. [citation needed]


Notes

  1. ^ From the oldest Christian calendars, such as the Almanac of Philocalus for the year 354, the inventory of which contains the principal feasts of the Roman martyrs of the middle of the fourth century AD, onwards.
  2. ^ The means of his martyrdom
  3. ^ Symbol of his status as a deacon
  4. ^ Owing to the method of his martyrdom, on a gridiron.

Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ...

See also

Saint-Laurent (French for Saint Lawrence) is the name or part of the name of several communes in France. ... San Lorenzo is Italian and Spanish for Saint Lawrence. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... A small selection of Christian saints are listed below in alphabetical order by Christian name, but if necessary by surname, the place or attribute part of name as well. ... Lorcán Ua Tuathail, also known as St. ... South Weston is a village is Oxfordshire that was mentioned in the Domesday Book. ... Surfleet is a small village on the Lincolnshire fens, situated on the River Glen about five miles north of Spalding. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint Lawrence Seaway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1002 words)
The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior.
West of the Island of Montreal and Lac Saint-Louis, the Beauharnois Canal bypasses the Beauharnois hydroelectric dam.
The depth in the channels of the St. Lawrence Seaway is 41 feet (12.5 m) downstream of Québec City, 35 feet (10.7 m) between Québec City and Deschaillons, 37 feet (11.3 m) to Montréal, and 27 feet (8.2 m) upstream of Montréal.
Saint Lawrence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1292 words)
Saint Lawrence (Latin Laurentius, "laurelled") was one of the seven deacons of Rome who were martyred under the persecution of Roman Emperor Valerian in 258.
Lawrence worked swiftly to distribute as much Church property to the poor as possible, so as to prevent its being seized by the parallel Roman tale of the jewels of Cornelia.
Lawrence was buried in the Via Tiburtina in the Catacomb of Cyriaca by Hippolytus and Justinus, a presbyter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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