FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Saint John River
Saint John River
The course of the St. John River
Origin Northwestern Maine
Mouth Bay of Fundy at Saint John, NB
Basin countries United States, Canada
Length 673 km (418 mi)
Source elevation 360 m (1,181 ft)
Avg. discharge 9,913 m³/s (35,000 ft³/s)
Basin area 54,986 km² (21,230 mi²)

The Saint John River is a river, approximately 418 mi (673 km) long, located in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. It forms part of the Canada-US border in two places along its length. The river drains an area of approximately 55,000 km², of which slightly more than half is located in New Brunswick. The Saint John is also the second longest river on North America's Atlantic coastline (between the St. Lawrence River and the Mississippi River). Only the Susquehanna is longer. The lower section of the River from Fredericton to Saint John is nicknamed the "Rhine of North America", in reference to its popularity for recreational boating. Image File history File links St_John_River_Map. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: baie de Fundy) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. ... Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... The source of a river or stream may be a lake, a spring, or a collection of headwaters. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Violet Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1... ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... The Susquehanna River is a river in the northeastern United States. ...

Contents


Description

The Saint John rises in Somerset County in northwestern Maine and flows northeast through western Aroostook County for a distance. Near Allagash, it is joined by the Allagash River. The portion of the Saint John River that lies entirely in Maine is essentially a wilderness waterway. Below St. Francis, the Saint John begins to form part of the International Boundary between Maine and New Brunswick. Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Aroostook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Allagash is a town located in Aroostook County, Maine. ... The Allagash River is a tributary of the St. ... Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... St. ... ...


Continuing its northeast course, the river passes Fort Kent, Maine, and then flows between Edmundston, New Brunswick and Madawaska, Maine, where it turns southeast, then passes between Van Buren, Maine and St. Leonard, New Brunswick. Near Grand Falls, New Brunswick the river enters entirely into New Brunswick, and changes direction to flow due south through the fertile Upper St. John River Valley, framed by the rising hills of the Appalachian range in Victoria and Carleton counties. At Perth-Andover, the river is joined by the Aroostook and the Tobique rivers. At Hartland it is crossed by the longest covered bridge in the world. Fort Kent is a town located in Aroostook County, Maine. ... Edmundston is a city in Madawaska County at the junction of the Saint John and Madawaska Rivers in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada only a few kilometres from the border with Quebec and on the border with the United States, opposite the town of Madawaska, Maine. ... Seal of Madawaska, ME Madawaska is a town in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. ... Van Buren is a town located in Aroostook County, Maine. ... Saint-Léonard (or St. ... Grand Falls (French: Grand-Sault) is a town in New Brunswick, Canada and is also the location of a series of rock ledges over which the St. ... The Upper St. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1... Victoria County (2001 population 21,172) is located in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Carleton County redirects here, For the historical county in Ontario, see Carleton County, Ontario Carleton County (2001 population 27,184) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Perth-Andover is a village in Victoria County, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Aroostook River is a tributary of the St. ... Hartland is a small town on the Saint John River in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ...


Further south at Woodstock the river leaves the Upper Valley and turns southeast away from the border region, eventually passing through New Brunswick's capital city Fredericton (where it becomes navigable), and the military town of Oromocto. Turning south from Oromocto, the river is joined by the short Jemseg River which empties New Brunswick's largest lake, Grand Lake. South of Fredericton the river becomes broad and shallow and it meanders through many low islands used for pastureland during dry periods in summer and fall. The Town of Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada is located in Western New Brunswick at 46. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 131. ... Oromocto is a town in west-central New Brunswick, Canada; approximately 20 kilometres southeast of Fredericton on the Saint John River. ... Grand Lake is a lake in central New Brunswick, Canada, approximately 40 kilometres east of Fredericton; and the provinces largest freshwater lake. ...


South of the Jemseg, the Saint John River is surrounded by the low hills of the St. Croix Highlands - another component of the Appalachian range and it is joined by several lateral bays, including Belleisle Bay and the Kennebecasis River. The St. John River meets the Bay of Fundy at the industrial city of Saint John. At the river's mouth, there is a unique phenomenon caused by the high tides of the Bay. These tides are the highest in the world and cause the river to reverse it's flow twice a day in a narrow gorge in the city's centre, called the Reversing Falls Rapids. A long bay off the Saint John River, which is about 10 kilometers long, by 1 kilometer wide. ... The Kennebecasis River, pronounced ke-ne-buh-KAY-sis, is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: baie de Fundy) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. ... Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick. ... The Reversing Falls Rapids (also referred to as Reversing Falls) are located in Saint John, New Brunswick in a narrow gorge where the Saint John River empties into the Bay of Fundy. ...


History

Members of the Maliseet Nation have historically called the river "Wolastoq", meaning "good and beautiful river". In 1604, parts of the lower river were explored by Samuel de Champlain and Sieur de Monts. Champlain named the river after John the Baptist because he reached the river's mouth on the saint's feast day, June 24. The Maliseet (also known as Wolastoqiyik and Malecite and in French also as Malécites or Étchemins (the latter collectively referring to the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy)) are a Native American/First Nations people who inhabit the Saint John River valley and its tributaries, roughly overlapping the International Boundary between New... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Samuel de Champlain by Théophile Hamel (1870) Samuel de Champlain (about 1580 – 25 December 1635) was a French geographer, draftsman, explorer and founder of Quebec City. ... Pierre Dugua, the Sieur de Monts, (1558 - 1628) was a merchant, explorer and colonizer. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Failure of John the Baptist. ... June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ...


The river valley formed an important part of the French colony of Acadia. Acadian settlements developed along the lower river during the 17th and 18th centuries; including Fort la Tour (Saint John) and Fort Anne (Fredericton). The area fell under English control during the Seven Years' War, after the English capture of Fort Anne in 1759. In 1784, many loyalist refugees from the Revolutionary War settled in Saint John. The new English colony of New Brunswick was created shortly afterwards and Fredericton was named the capital. English settlement of the fertile Upper River Valley would not occur until the early to mid 19th century. A Danish community (New Denmark) was established in the late 1800's. Meanwhile, francophone Quebecers settled the Madawaska region, also during the 19th century, travelling southwards along traditional portage routes. The Madawaska section of the river valley remains heavily francophone even today. The national flag of Acadia, adopted in 1884. ... The Acadians (French: Acadiens) are the descendants of the original French settlers of parts of the northeastern region of North America comprising what is now the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. ... Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district) Fredericton, population 47,560 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), is the capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1784 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... In general, a loyalist is an individual who is loyal to the powers that be or The Establishment. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope restored) Official languages English, French Flower Violet Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 10 10 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 11th 72 908 km² 71 450 km² 1... For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district) Fredericton, population 47,560 (greater Fredericton 81,346, both per 2001 census), is the capital of the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Madawaska is the name of the north-west region of New Brunswick, Canada. ... For the Gentoo Linux package manager, see Portage (software). ...


The river was an important trade route for the French, English and First Nations traders throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. The tremendous flow rate of the river and its tributaries during the spring freshet aided the development of the timber industry in western New Brunswick as the river became a conduit for log drives to saw and pulp mills in the south. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages English Capital London Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population –mid-2004... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A flash flood (also a freshet, considered archaic) is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas, rivers and streams that is caused by the intense rainfall associated with a thunderstorm, or multiple training thunderstorms. ...


It is this same spring freshet which can proved disastrous to property owners along portions of the river, particularly when ice jams can cause extensive flooding during the spring break-up. A flash flood (also a freshet, considered archaic) is a rapid flooding of low-lying areas, rivers and streams that is caused by the intense rainfall associated with a thunderstorm, or multiple training thunderstorms. ...


The Saint John River has been of tremendous importance to the development of western New Brunswick because it served as a transportation artery, particularly prior to the era of rail transport when paddle wheelers plied its waterways. Rail transport is the transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Paddle steamer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


During the 1950s and 1960s, the river became a major source of hydroelectric power with the construction of dams at Beechwood and Mactaquac where large reservoirs have been created by damming its flow. These massive projects followed the construction of a smaller dam at Grand Falls, in 1925,where the river descends in a steep cataract. A consequence of the latter two dams has been a severe decline in migrating Atlantic Salmon, and the flooding of some valuable farmland to create the headponds. The 1950s were the decade that traditionally speaking, spanned the years 1950 through 1959. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... Scrivener Dam, in Canberra, Australia, was engineered to withstand a once-in-5000-years flood event A dam is a barrier across flowing water that obstructs, directs or retards the flow, often creating a reservoir, lake or impoundment. ... Gelmersee is a reservoir in Switzerland. ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Binomial name Salmo salar Linnaeus, 1758 Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar, from the Latin words Salmo meaning salmon, and salar meaning leaper) is a fish species of the Salmonidae family found in the northern Atlantic Ocean and in rivers that flow into the Atlantic. ...


In recent years, the river has seen a rise in recreational boating and ecotourism. The rich soil of the Upper St. John River Valley in Aroostook, Carleton, and Victoria counties is also an important area for the cultivation of potatoes. Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... Aroostook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Carleton County redirects here, For the historical county in Ontario, see Carleton County, Ontario Carleton County (2001 population 27,184) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. ... Victoria County (2001 population 21,172) is located in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ...


Water Flow

The United States government maintains three gages on the river to measure water flow. The first is located in an unnamed township at (46°42′00″N, 69°42′59″W) where the rivershed is 1,341 square miles, the second at Dickey, Maine (47°06′44″N, 69°05′25″W) where the rivershed is 2,680 square miles, the third is maintained under agreement with Canada on the Canadian bank in Clair, New Brunswick at (47°15′35″N, 68°35′45″W) where the rivershed is 5,665 square miles. At the most upstream gage the riverflow has ranged from 44,400 cubic feet per second to 59 cubic feet per second. At the Dickey gage flow has ranged from 91,700 cubic feet per second to 129 cubic feet per second. At the Clair gage flow has ranged from 151,000 cubic feet per second to 510 cubic feet per second. Water flow is highest during spring snowmelt and lowest in the fall. The river can experience ice-dam caused flooding.[1] A square mile is an Imperial unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, 1,609. ... Clair is a village in Madawaska County in the province of New Brunswick. ... The cubic foot (symbols ft³, cu. ...


See also

This is a partial list of rivers in the state of Maine in the United States. ... List of rivers in the province of New Brunswick, Canada Atlantic Watershed Gulf of Saint Lawrence Watershed Bay of Fundy Watershed Alphabetical List: Anagance River Aroostook River Barnaby River see Miramichi River Bartibogue River see Miramichi River Bartholomew River Cains River see Southwest Miramichi River Caraquet River Dungarvon River Green... St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq mi (170,451 km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ G.J. Stewart, J.P. Nielsen, J.M. Caldwell, A.R. Cloutier (2002). Water Resources Data - Maine, Water Year 2001. (PDF) Water Resources Data - Maine, Water Year 2001. Retrieved on 2006-05-07.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint John, New Brunswick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2910 words)
Saint John is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada.
Saint John became the province's leading industrial centre during the 19th century, fostering a shipbuilding trade that lasted until 2002, in addition to being a major forestry and manufacturing centre.
Saint John remains the industrial powerhouse of New Brunswick and the Maritimes and currently hosts the greatest concentration of industry on the Atlantic coast north of New York City.
Saint John River - definition of Saint John River in Encyclopedia (712 words)
John River is a river, approximately 418 mi (673 km) long, in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick, forming part of the Canada-US border in two places along its length.
The St. John River meets the Bay of Fundy at Saint John where the river changes direction diurnally due to the exceptionally strong tides, causing a unique phenomena called the Reversing Falls Rapids in a gorge running through the centre of the city.
The tremendous flow rate of the river and its tributaries during the spring freshet led to the development of the timber industry in western New Brunswick as the river became a conduit for log drives to saw and pulp mills in the south.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m