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Encyclopedia > Saint John, New Brunswick
City of Saint John
Ville de Saint John
Saint John skyline and the Brunswick Square Office Tower (middle), the tallest building in Saint John

Flag
Official seal of City of Saint John
Seal
Nickname: Port City
Motto: "O Fortunati Quorum Jam Moenia Surgunt"
(Latin for, "O Fortunate Ones Whose Walls Are Now Rising."
or "O Happy They, Whose Promised Walls Already Rise")
Location of Saint John in New Brunswick
Coordinates: 45°16′50″N 66°04′34″W / 45.28056, -66.07611
Country Canada
Province New Brunswick
County Saint John County
Founded 1604
Major Settlement Started 1783
Incorperation 1785
Founder Gov. Thomas Carlton
Named for St. John the Baptist
Government
 - City Mayor Norman McFarlane
 - Governing body Saint John City Council
 - MPs Paul Zed
 - MLAs Ed Doherty, Trevor Holder, Stuart Jamieson, Abel LeBlanc, Roly MacIntyre
Area [1] [2]
 - Urban 316.31 km² (122.1 sq mi)
 - Metro 3,359.61 km² (1,297.2 sq mi)
Highest elevation 387 m (1,270 ft)
Lowest elevation 0 m (0 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 68,043
 - Density 215.7/km² (558.7/sq mi)
 - Metro 122,389 (rank 32)
 - Metro Density 36.4/km² (94.3/sq mi)
  source: Statistics Canada
Time zone Atlantic (AST) (UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST) Atlantic (ADT) (UTC-3)
Canadian Postal code E2H to E2P
Area code(s) 506
Telephone Exchanges 202, 214, 333, 557 -8, 592, 608, 631 -640, 642 -654, 657 -8, 663, 672, 674, 693-4, 696, 721
NTS Map 021G08
GNBC Code DAEGW
Marketing Slogan Explore Our Past, Discover your Future.
Website: City of Saint John

Saint John[3] is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick, and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. In 2006 the city proper had a population of 68,043. The population of the Census Metropolitan Area is 122,389. The city is situated along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy at the mouth of the Saint John River. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 444 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://www. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Saint John County (2001 population 76,407) is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... This is a list of mayors of Saint John, New Brunswick. ... Norm McFarlane was elected as the 64th Mayor of Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, in May, 2004. ... Type Lower House Speaker Peter Milliken, Liberal since January 29, 2001 Leader of the Government in the House of Commons Peter Van Loan, Conservative since January 4, 2007 Opposition House Leader Ralph Goodale, Liberal since January 23, 2006 Members 308 Political groups Conservative Party Liberal Party Bloc Québécois... Paul Zed. ... The Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick is located in Fredericton. ... Ed Doherty is a New Brunswick ophthalmologist and politician. ... Trevor Arthur Holder (born May 8, 1973 in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada) is a New Brunswick politician. ... Stuart Jamieson is a politician in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Abel LeBlanc is a politician in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... Roly MacIntyre is a politician in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... New Brunswick - 110 FSAs Categories: Canada Post ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 506 is the telephone area code in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, encompassing the whole province. ... The National Topographic System or NTS is the topographic system used by Canada for providing general purpose maps of the country. ... Geographical Names Board of Canada a national committee of the Canadian Government Department of National Resources which authorizes the names used on official federal government maps of Canada since 1897. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: ) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. ... The Saint John River is a river, approximately 418 mi (673 km) long, located in the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ...

Contents

History

Predated by the Maritime Archaic Indian civilization, the area of the northwestern coastal regions of the Bay of Fundy is believed to have been inhabited by the Passamaquoddy Nation several thousand years ago, while the Saint John River valley north of the bay became the domain of the Maliseet Nation. The mouth of the Saint John River was first discovered by Europeans in 1604 during a reconnaissance of the Bay of Fundy undertaken by French cartographer Samuel de Champlain. The day upon which Champlain sighted the mighty river was St. John The Baptist's Day, hence the name, which in French is Fleuve St-Jean. The strategic location at the mouth of the St. John River was fortified by Charles de la Tour in 1631. After several wars between the French and the British, Saint John passed to the British. Fort LaTour was renamed in 1758 as Fort Frederick, and was destroyed during the American Revolutionary War; Fort Howe was built nearby at the insistence of newly-arriving Loyalist refugees. During this war and the War of 1812, the city's location made it a probable target of attacks, thus several military forts were constructed, namely Fort Dufferin and one of Canada's sixteen Martello Towers. Passamaquoddy Territory The Passamaquoddy (Peskotomuhkati or Pestomuhkati in the Passamaquoddy language) are a Native American/First Nations people who live in northeastern North America, primarily in Maine and New Brunswick. ... The Maliseet (also known as Wolastoqiyik and Malecite and in French also as Malécites or Étchemins (the latter collectively referring to the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy)) are a Native American/First Nations people who inhabit the Saint John River valley and its tributaries, roughly overlapping the International Boundary between New... Statue symbolizing Samuel de Champlain in Ottawa. ... For the hip-hop producer with the same name, see John the Baptist (producer). ... Location of Fort La Tour along the Saint John Harbour Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, governor of Acadia from 1631-1642 and again from 1653-1657, was born in France in 1596 and died at Cap de Sable in 1666. ... This article is about military actions only. ... Fort Howe is the site of an 18th and 19th century British Army fortification built in present-day New Brunswick at the mouth of the St. ... The name United Empire Loyalists is given to those American Loyalists who resettled in British North America and other British Colonies as an act of fealty to King George III after the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War. ... This article is about the U.S.–U.K. war. ... Martello towers (or simply Martellos) are small defensive forts built in several countries of the British Empire during the 19th century, from the time of the Napoleonic Wars onwards. ...


The Loyalist-dominated communities of Parrtown and Carleton developed around Fort Howe and both towns were amalgamated by royal charter to become the City of Saint John in 1785, making it the first incorporated city in British North America (present-day Canada). Many of those fleeing the troubles in the Thirteen Colonies to the south were Black Loyalists, and the charter specifically excluded blacks from practising a trade, selling goods, fishing in the harbour, or becoming freemen; these provisions stood until 1870.[4] For the ship of the same name, see Royal Charter (ship). ... British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ... In 1775, the British claimed authority over the red and pink areas on this map and Spain ruled the orange. ... Black Loyalists is the name given to formerly enslaved Africans or to free people of color of the North American continent who remained loyal to Britain during the American Revolutionary War. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Black Canadians or African Canadians are designations used for people of African descent who reside in Canada. ...


The Irish potato famine (1845-1849) saw the city's largest immigrant influx occur, with the government forced to construct a quarantine station and hospital on Partridge Island at the mouth of the harbour to handle the new arrivals. These immigrants changed the character of the city and surrounding region from its Loyalist-Protestant heritage with their Irish-Catholic tradition. Saint John became the province's leading industrial centre during the nineteenth century, fostering a shipbuilding trade that lasted until 2002. Much of the city's shipbuilding industry was concentrated on the mudflats of Courtney Bay on east side. One local shipyard built the sailing ship Marco Polo. Due to its location for railways and servicing the triangle trade between British North America, the Caribbean, and the United Kingdom, the city was poised to be one of Canada's leading urban centres, however a disastrous fire in 1877 destroyed a large portion of the central business district. For other uses, please see Great Famine. ... For other uses see Quarantine (disambiguation) Quarantine is voluntary or compulsory isolation, typically to contain the spread of something considered dangerous, often but not always disease. ... Partridge Island, of the coast of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, is a national and provincial historic site that sits in the blowing winds of Saint Johns Inner Harbour. ... Emigrants Leave Ireland, engraving by Henry Doyle (1827-1892), from Mary Frances Cusacks Illustrated History of Ireland, 1868 // The Irish diaspora (Irish: Diaspóra na nGael) consists of Irish emigrants and their descendants in countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Argentina, Mexico, New Zealand... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mudflats in Brewster, Massachusetts extending hundreds of yards offshore at the low tide. ... The Marco Polo was a 3-masted wooden clipper ship, launched in 1851 at Saint John, New Brunswick. ... A triangular trade is any three-way exchange, but the term is often used to refer to one particular instance: the 18th century trade between Europe, the west coast of Africa, and the Caribbean. ... West Indies redirects here. ...


During the First World War, the city became a trans-shipment point for the British Empire's war effort. The Second World War saw the port decline in importance due to the U-boat threat which saw Halifax's protected harbour offer improved convoy marshaling. However, manufacturing expanded considerably, notably the production of veneer wood for De Havilland Mosquito bomber aircraft. On account of the U-boat threat, additional batteries facilities were installed around the harbour. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... U-boat is also a nickname for some diesel locomotives built by GE; see List of GE locomotives October 1939. ... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Veneer, in woodworking, refers to thin slices of wood, usually thinner than 3 millimetres (1/8 inch). ... The de Havilland Mosquito[1] was a British combat aircraft that excelled in a number of roles during the Second World War. ...


Saint John's first airport was located north of the business district at Millidgeville. This location on a plateau overlooking the Kennebecasis River was a summer cottage area used by local residents to escape the coastal fog from the Bay of Fundy. Saint John Airport was developed post-war and is located in the eastern part of the city. The Kennebecasis River, pronounced ke-ne-buh-KAY-sis, is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... 19th century Cottages in the small hamlet of Crafton, Buckinghamshire A cottage is a small house of any period. ... Saint John Airport (IATA airport code YSJ) is an airport in Saint John, New Brunswick. ...


Demographics

Population

Population change, 1971-2006
Population change, 1971-2006

According to a mid-2005 survey, there were 121,179 people residing in the Greater Saint John area, of whom 48.1% were male and 51.9% were female. Children under five accounted for approximately 5.5% of the population. People 65 and over accounted for 13.1% of the population. In the years between 1996 and 2005, the population of Saint John declined 3.6%. When the census was taken in May 2006 the population of Saint John was 68,043 compared with 69,661 in 2001. The population of the city of Saint John has been in steady decline for several decades, however in light of recent economic growth this trend is expected to reverse.


Although the population of the City of Saint John itself is slightly larger than that of City of Moncton, the greater Moncton area (City of Moncton, City of Dieppe, and Town of Riverview) has a larger Census Metropolitan Area. For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ...


Ethnicity and religion

Canada's 2001 Census found that amongst the Saint John population's reported ethnic origins, 49.2% of the population described their background as "Canadian", followed by English (32.1%), Irish (30.0%), Scottish (24.4%), French (20.8%), German (4.6%), Dutch (2.6%), North American Indian (2.2%), Welsh (1.6%), and many others. (Numbers add to more than 100% due to multiple responses: e.g. "German & Scottish".)


With regard to religion, 89.2% identify as Christian (47.6% Protestant, 40.3% Roman Catholic, and 1.3% other Christian, mostly Orthodox and independent churches). 10.1% state no religious affiliation, and other religions including Islam, Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism together comprise less than 1%. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... in Christianity: Eastern Christianity Oriental Orthodoxy Orthodox Christianity Orthodoxy by country in Judaism: Orthodox Judaism Modern Orthodox Judaism Jewish organisations: Orthodox Union Categories: ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Buddhism is a variety of teachings described as a religion[1] or way of life that attempts to identify the causes of human suffering and offer various ways that are claimed to end, or ease suffering. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Municipal government (Common Council)

Responsibility

Saint John is governed by a body of elected officials, referred to as "Common Council" whose responsibilities include

  • Setting the City Operational Budget
  • Setting the City Water Utility Budget/ Rates
  • Enacting and Amending By-Laws
  • Rezoning and Land-Use permissions of properties in Saint John.
  • Setting the Capital budget for the City.
  • Act act the Board of Directors for the Corporation "City of Saint John"
  • Appoint persons to City Staff and Commissions.
  • Oversee the operation of City Commissions and Departments

Composition

The Common Council is:

  • One Mayor who runs at-large, acts as Chairman of the Board.
  • Ten Common Councillors, voted at large

One is elected by the council to serve as Deputy Mayor.


In the October 9th 2007 Plebiscite, it was decided that as of the May 2008 quadrennial municipal elections, the city will be divided into four wards of approximately equal population, with two councillors to be elected by the voters in that ward, and two councillors to be elected at large. On October 9, 2007 the city of Saint John, New Brunswick held a plebiscite on a proposal regarding how its Common Council would be composed in the future. ...

See also: List of mayors of Saint John, New Brunswick

This is a list of mayors of Saint John, New Brunswick. ...

Climate, geography and economy

Climate

The climate of Saint John is humid temperate continental. The Bay of Fundy never fully freezes, thus moderating the winter temperatures compared with inland locations. Even so, with the prevailing wind blowing from the west (from land to sea), the average January temperature is about -7 degrees Celsius. Summers are cool to moderately warm, and daytime temperatures usually do not exceed 25 degrees Celsius. Saint John experiences a considerable amount of fog during the summer months, though the fog usually does not last throughout the entire day.


Precipitation in Saint John is heavy and is well distributed throughout the year, although the late autumn and early winter is typically the wettest time of year. Snowfalls can often be heavy, but rain is as common as snow in winter, and it is not unusual for the ground to be snow-free even in mid-winter.


Physical geography

Situated in the south-central portion of the province, along the north shore of the Bay of Fundy at the mouth of the St. John River, the city is split by the south-flowing river and the east side is bordered on the north by the Kennebecasis River where it meets the St. John River at Grand Bay.


The St. John River itself flows into the Bay of Fundy through a narrow gorge several hundred feet wide at the centre of the city. It hosts a unique phenomenon called the Reversing Falls Rapids where the diurnal tides of the bay reverse the water flow of the river for several kilometres. A series of underwater ledges at the narrowest point of this gorge also create a series of rapids. The Reversing Falls Rapids (also referred to as Reversing Falls) are located in Saint John, New Brunswick in a narrow gorge where the Saint John River empties into the Bay of Fundy. ...


The topography surrounding Saint John is hilly; a result of the influence of two coastal mountain ranges which run along the Bay of Fundy - the St. Croix Highlands and the Caledonia Highlands. The soil throughout the region is extremely rocky with frequent granite outcrops. The coastal plain hosts numerous freshwater lakes in the eastern, western and northern parts of the city.


In Saint John the height difference from low to high tide is approximately 15 metres (50 ft) due to the funnelling effect of the Bay of Fundy as it narrows. The Reversing Falls in Saint John, actually an area of strong rapids, provides one example of the power of these tides; at every high tide, ocean water is pushed through a narrow gorge in the middle of the city and forces the St. John River to reverse its flow for several hours. This article is about tides in the Earths oceans. ...


Neighbourhoods

Saint John is a city of neighbourhoods, with many residents closely identifying with their particular area.

Arriving into the uptown CBD from West Saint John
Arriving into the uptown CBD from West Saint John

South Central Peninsula

The Waterfront from Douglas Avenue
The Waterfront from Douglas Avenue

The central peninsula on the east side of the harbour, and the area immediately opposite on the west side, hosts the site of the original city from the merger of Parrtown and Carleton. The central peninsula on the western side subsequently saw increased development and currently includes the central business district (CBD) and the Trinity Royal heritage district, which together are referred to as "Uptown" by residents throughout the city. As most of this area in the central peninsula is situated on a hill, it is rarely called "Downtown." The south end of the central peninsula, south of the Duke Street, is appropriately called the South End. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixels, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


North End

Corner of Princess and Water Street
Corner of Princess and Water Street

The area north of the Highway #1 from the South Central Peninsula is called the North End; both areas being predominantly urban residential older housing which is undergoing gentrification. Much of the North End is made up of the former city of Portland and comprises another former working class area which is slowly undergoing gentrification at the eastern end of Douglas Avenue; immediately north of Portland and upstream from the Reversing Falls is the former community of Indiantown. Vessels navigating the Saint John River can only transit the Reversing Falls gorge at slack tide, thus Indiantown became a location during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries where tugboats and paddle wheelers could dock to wait. Being located at the beginning of the navigable part of the St. John River, Indiantown also became a major terminal for vessels departing to ply their trade upriver. Further north of the central part of the city, and northeast of the North End and Portland, along the southern bank of the Kennebecasis River is the neighbourhood of Millidgeville. Located here is a campus of the University of New Brunswick as well as southwestern New Brunswick's largest health care centre, the Saint John Regional Hospital. The eastern area of the North End plays host to the city's largest park, and one of Canada's largest urban parks. Rockwood Park encompasses 890 hectares of upland Acadian mixed forest, many hills and several caves, as well as several freshwater lakes, with an extensive trail network, a golf course and the city's zoo. The park was designed by Calvert Vaux in the mid- to late-1800s. Mount Pleasant borders the park, and is generally seen as distinct from the traditionally poorer North End. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... New Brunswick Highway 1 (also Route 1) is an important highway in the southern part of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Slack water, or slack tide, is the time during which no appreciable tidal current is flowing in a body of water. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... The University of New Brunswick (UNB) is a Canadian university located in the province of New Brunswick. ... Rockwood Park is a city park in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


East Side

To the east of the Courtney Bay / Forebay and South of Highway #1 , is the East Side, where the city has experienced its greatest suburban sprawl in recent decades with commercial retail centres and residential subdivisions. There has been commercial development in the Westmorland Road-McAllister Drive-Consumer's Drive-Major's Brook Drive-Retail Drive corridor since the 1970s, including McAllister Place, the city's largest shopping mall, which opened in 1978. The city's current airport is located further east on the coastal plain among several lakes at the far eastern edge of the municipality New Brunswick Highway 1 (also Route 1) is an important highway in the southern part of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ...


West Side

CenterBeam
CenterBeam

West of the St. John River, the city is collectively referred to as West Side, however Saint Johners typically divide this into several neighbourhoods. As mentioned previously, the Lower West Side (or sometimes "Saint John West") is the former working class neighbourhood that was known as Carleton at the time of the city's formation in 1785. West and north of the Lower West Side is the former city of Lancaster, which was amalgamated into Saint John in 1967. The dividing line is generally agreed upon to be the street known, appropriately, as City Line, with the streets below City Line being considered to be the West Side. The southern part of Lancaster abutting Saint John Harbour and the Bay of Fundy is Bayshore and the location of Canadian Pacific Railway's Bayshore Yard. The north end of Lancaster, known as Fairville, is home to Moosehead brewery and older neighbourhoods clustered along Manawagonish Road. North of Fairville are the communities of Milford and Randolph. Randolph, which is home to Dominion Park Beach, is actually on the city's largest island, joined to Milford by a bridge over Mosquito Cove on Greenhead Road. West of Lancaster, the city hosts its second largest park, and one of the largest coastal urban parks in the country. The Irving Nature Park sits on an extensive peninsula called Taylors Island extending into the western part of the harbour into the Bay of Fundy. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 455 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 455 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://www. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... This article is about the brewery. ...


Urban redevelopment

The Waterfront
The Waterfront
Robertsons Wharf, converted to condos on the Waterfront
Robertsons Wharf, converted to condos on the Waterfront

An urban renewal project in the early 1970s involving a partnership between CPR along with the federal, provincial and municipal governments saw a new harbour bridge and expressway (called the Saint John Throughway) built on former railway lands. The ferry terminal for the service to Digby, Nova Scotia was also relocated from Long Wharf to a new facility on the lower West Side (see Bay Ferries Limited) as the CBD was expanded with new office buildings and downtown retail areas while historic industrial buildings were turned into shops and museums. The skyline in the city boasts office towers and historic properties. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 766 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 766 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) http://www. ... New Brunswick Highway 1 (also Route 1) is an important highway in the southern part of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Digby, Nova Scotia in 1906 Digby, Nova Scotia in 2005 For other meanings of Digby, see Digby Digby is a town in western Nova Scotia which lies on the Annapolis Basin of the Bay of Fundy. ... Bay Ferries Limited, referred to simply as Bay Ferries, is a ferry company operating in eastern Canada and the United States and is headquartered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. ...


In 1982, a 2-block area of the Uptown area (see Trinity Royal) was designated for historic preservation. A related development in recent years has been waterfront redevelopment for tourist and residential use. This effort increased markedly in the early 2000s following the closure and dismantling of the Lantic Sugar refinery in the South End.


In the 1970s redevelopment of the city and port, most of the port's industrial areas were scheduled to be relocated at a major new deepwater port being considered for the western part of the outer harbour at Lorneville in a major partnership between the Irving conglomerate, NB Power, CPR and the three levels of government. However, the plan fell through in favour of concentrating industrial development on the inner harbour along the mouth of the Saint John River - the very area where the waterfront redevelopment is being proposed (see Saint John Waterfront Development Partnership). Often cited in the media and by politicians as part of Saint John's redevelopment strategy, Harbour cleanup refers to the infrastructure project that will bring an end to the practice of discharging raw sewage into local waterways. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Economy

Saint John is the industrial powerhouse of the Maritime provinces of Canada and hosts the greatest concentration of industry on the Atlantic coast north of New York City.[citation needed] Wealthy industrialist K.C. Irving and his family built an industrial conglomerate in the city during the 20th century with interests in oil, forestry, shipbuilding, media and transportation. Irving companies remain dominant employers in the region with the most important businesses being eastern North America's first deepwater oil terminal, a pulp mill, a newsprint mill and a tissue paper plant. Until the early 2000s, Canada's largest shipyard had been an important employer in the city. During the 1980s-early 1990s the shipyard was responsible for building 9 of the 12 Halifax class multi-purpose patrol frigates for the Canadian Navy. However, the shipyard was left without contracts for almost a decade following the warship construction. The Maritimes or Maritime provinces are a region of Canada on the Atlantic coast, consisting of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Business magnate. ... Kenneth Colin (K.C.) Irving (March 14, 1899-December 13, 1992) was born in Bouctouche, New Brunswick. ... The Halifax-class Multi-Role Patrol Frigate (hull designation FFH) is a class of Canadian Navy frigates launched between 1992 and 1996 to replace the aging Restigouche-class fleet of Destroyer Escorts (DDEs). ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... HMCS Bastion, flagship of the Canadian Navy. ...


Other important economic activity in the city is generated by the Port of Saint John, the Moosehead Brewery, the New Brunswick Power Corporation which operates three electrical generating stations in the region including the Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station, Aliant Telecom which operates out of the former New Brunswick Telephone headquarters, numerous information technology companies and the Atlantic Health Sciences Corporation - operator of New Brunswick's largest health care facility, Saint John Regional Hospital. There are also a number of call centres which were established in the 1990s under provincial government incentives. This article is about the brewery. ... NB Power (French: Energie NB), formerly known as New Brunswick Power Corporation is a provincially owned Crown Corporation. ... Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station is a Canadian nuclear power station located in Point Lepreau, New Brunswick. ... Aliant Inc. ... NBTel was founded as The New Brunswick Telephone Company in 1888 after Bell Telephone Company of Canadas attempt to establish telephone service in the Maritime provinces failed. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Saint John Regional Hospital The Saint John Regional Hospital is a Canadian hospital in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... A call centre (Commonwealth English) or call center (AmE) is a centralised office of a company that answers incoming telephone calls from customers or that makes outgoing telephone calls to customers (telemarketing). ...


Prior to the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in the late 1950s, the Port of Saint Johnfunctioned as the winter port for Montreal, Quebec when shipping was unable to traverse the sea ice in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and St. Lawrence River. The Canadian Pacific Railway opened a line to Saint John from Montreal in 1889 across the state of Maine and transferred the majority of its trans-Atlantic passenger and cargo shipping to the port during the winter months. The port fell into decline following the seaway opening and the start of year-round icebreaker services in the 1960s. In 1994 CPR left Saint John when it sold the line to shortline operator New Brunswick Southern Railway. Canadian National Railway still services Saint John with a secondary mainline from Moncton. The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... This article needs cleanup. ... An icebreaker navigates through young (1 year old) sea ice Nilas Sea Ice in arctic Sea ice is formed from ocean water that freezes. ... The Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the worlds largest estuary, is the outlet of North Americas Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... For other uses, see Icebreaker (disambiguation). ... A short line is an independent railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance. ... The New Brunswick Southern Railway (NBSR) is a 84 mile railway operating in New Brunswick between Saint John and the Canada-U.S. border at McAdam. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ...


Energy projects

Canaport LNG

Canaport LNG, a partnership between Irving Oil (25%) and Repsol YPF (75%), is constructing a state-of-the-art LNG receiving and regasification terminal in Saint John, New Brunswick that will begin operations in late 2008. It will be the first LNG regasification plant in Canada, sending out natural gas to both Canadian and American Markets. The LNG have a send-out capacity, or the ability to distribute via pipeline, 1 billion cubic feet (28 million cubic meters) of natural gas a day after it has been regasified from its liquid state.[5] The BMO report states: “Real investment in non-residential structures is expected to jump 12.2 per cent in 2006, compared to a gain of 2.7 per cent last year. The largest increases are anticipated in the retail trade and transportation and warehousing sectors. The latter reflects work on the C$750 million Canaport liquid natural gas terminal near Saint John. Construction on the terminal began in September 2006, and the terminal is scheduled to be in operation in 2008. There is also a C$350 million pipeline planned to transport natural gas from the terminal to the U.S. border state.[6] Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been cooled until it becomes liquid, and it is stored in tanks. ... Irving Oil is a privately owned gasoline, oil, and natural gas producing and exporting company. ... Repsol YPF is an integrated oil and gas company with operations in 29 countries, principally Spain and Argentina. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas that has been cooled until it becomes liquid, and it is stored in tanks. ... BMO Bank of Montreal (TSX: BMO) (NYSE: BMO), formerly known as simply Bank of Montreal, is Canadas oldest chartered bank. ...


Brunswick Pipeline

Emera Inc. will invest approximately $350 million, for full ownership of a proposed pipeline which will deliver natural gas from the planned Canaport(TM) Liquefied Natural Gas ( LNG) import terminal near Saint John, New Brunswick to markets in Canada and the US Northeast. Brunswick Pipeline will have a diameter of 30 inches (760 mm) and will be capable of carrying approximately 850 million cubic feet (24,000,000 m³) per day of re-gasified LNG. Capacity can be expanded with added compression.[7] Brunswick Pipeline will deliver natural gas from the Canaport™ Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) receiving and re-gasification terminal near Saint John, New Brunswick to markets in Canada and the US northeast. The 145 kilometer pipeline would extend through southwest New Brunswick to an interconnection with the Maritimes and Northeast Pipeline at the Canada/US border near St. Stephen, NB. The National Energy Board (NEB) has issued its Environmental Assessment Report (EA Report) on the proposed Brunswick Pipeline project. The main finding of the EA Report is that the project is not likely to result in significant adverse environmental effects, provided Brunswick Pipeline meets all of its environmental commitments, and all of the NEB’s recommendations are implemented.[8] The pipeline is under construction and it expected to be in service by the end of 2008


Buildings and structures

  • Courtney Bay Smokestacks (each 106.7 metres)
  • Brunswick Square (80.8 m) 19-story office building with 511,032 sq/ft which was built in 1976. It is the largest office building in New Brunswick in terms of square footage and second in Atlantic Canada behind the Maritime Centre in Halifax. It is tied with Assumption Place in Moncton for the tallest.Fortis Properties
  • Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception (Gothic style Catholic cathedral, construction began in 1853, its spire rises to 70.1m)
  • City Hall (55.2 m) 15-story office building (165,000 S/F)
  • Brunswick House (52 m) 14-story office building (103,000 S/F) Commercial Properties
  • Irving Building (50 m) 14-story office building JD Irving
  • Saint John Hilton Hotel (49 m) 12-story hotel (192 rooms) Hilton Hotel
  • Harbourside Senior Citizens Housing Complex (43 m) 12-story apartment building
  • Harbour Building (37 m) 10-story office building
  • Mercantile Centre (30 m) 7-story office building (106,600 S/F)CBRE
  • Fort Howe Hotel and Convention Centre 10-story Hotel (135 rooms) Fort Howe Hotel
  • Holiday Inn Express Hotel and Suites 7-story Hotel (94 rooms, 15 suites ) Holiday Inn Express - Saint John
  • City Market (built in 1876, oldest city market in North America, with an original ship's hull roof design)

West face of the Maritime Centre at dusk, taken from Spring Garden Road View of Halifax Harbour from Citadel Hill showing how the Maritime Centre has partially blocked the view of the harbour to the southeast. ... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Assumption Place is an office building in the Canadian Province of New Brunswick in the city of Moncton. ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... Look up Hilton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Transportation

Air service into Saint John is provided by the Saint John Airport, located near Loch Lomond approximately fifteen kilometres east of the city centre. Recently, with the economic prospective forecasts, Westjet, Sunwing as well as Air Canada are showing significant confidence in the market by increasing significantly the number of flights in the city. Saint John Airport (IATA airport code YSJ) is an airport in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... A WestJet Boeing 737-700 WestJet Airlines Ltd. ... Sunwing is a popular childrens book written in 1999 by Canadian author Kenneth Oppel. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ...


The main highway in the city is the Saint John Throughway (Route 1). Route 1 extends west to St. Stephen, and northeast towards Moncton. A second major highway, Route 7, connects Saint John with Fredericton. There are two main road crossings over the Saint John River: the Harbour Bridge and the Reversing Falls Bridge, approximately 1-nautical-mile (1.9 km) upstream. The Reversing Falls Railway Bridge carries rail traffic for the New Brunswick Southern Railway on the route from Saint John to Maine. New Brunswick Highway 1 (also Route 1) is an important highway in the southern part of the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... St. ... New Brunswick Route 7 is 97 kilometres long and runs from Fredericton, near an interchange with New Brunswick Highway 8, to an interchange with New Brunswick Highway 1 in Saint John. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 131. ... The Saint John Harbour Bridge is a hollow box, haunched girder bridge crossing Saint John Harbour at the mouth of the Saint John River in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Reversing Falls Bridge is a 2-lane highway bridge crossing the Saint John River at Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The Reversing Falls Railway Bridge is the name given for two different steel truss bridges crossing the Saint John River at the same location in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The New Brunswick Southern Railway (NBSR) is a 84 mile railway operating in New Brunswick between Saint John and the Canada-U.S. border at McAdam. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ...


Passenger rail service in Saint John was discontinued in 1994, although the Canadian National Railway and New Brunswick Southern Railway continue to provide freight service.


Bay Ferries operates a ferry service across the Bay of Fundy to Digby, Nova Scotia. A free propeller (as opposed to cable) ferry service operated by the New Brunswick Department of Transportation connects the Milledgeville neighbourhood with Summerville, across the Kennebecasis River on the Kingston Peninsula. Bay Ferries Limited (Bay Ferries) is a ferry company operating in eastern Canada and headquartered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. ...


Bus service is provided by the Saint John Transit (locally) and Acadian Lines (regionally). This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Culture

For more complete information, researchers are encouraged to contact the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick, the New Brunswick Museum, the University of New Brunswick or one of the many other local historical societies and museums. The New Brunswick Museum is a Canadian museum and the provincial museum of New Brunswick. ... The University of New Brunswick (UNB) is a Canadian university located in the province of New Brunswick. ...

Imperial Theatre // The Imperial Theatre, in Saint John, New Brunswick, was designed by Philadelphia architect Albert Westover, and was built in 1912 and 1913 by the Keith-Albee vaudeville chain of New York City and their Canadian subsidiary, the Saint John Amusements Company Ltd. ...

Sports

City: Saint John, New Brunswick League: Q.M.J.H.L. Conference: none Division: Eastern Founded: 2005-06 Home Arena: Harbour Station Colours: Royal Blue, Black, White & Silver Head Coach: Jacques Beaulieu General Manager: Bob LeBlanc The Saint John Sea Dogs are a major junior hockey team in the Quebec... The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: la Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three Major Junior A Tier I hockey leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... Harbour Station prior to a Sea Dogs game against Lewiston on December 28, 2005. ... Saint John Flames logo, 1993-2000 The Saint John Flames were an American Hockey League team from 1993 to 2003 in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... The Calder Cup is awarded annually to the playoff champion of the American Hockey League. ... The Ford World Curling Championship is an annual curling event which showcases the worlds best curlers. ... For article on the 2008 Championships, see 2008 World Junior Figure Skating Championships. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league in North America, that serves as the primary developmental circuit for the National Hockey League (NHL). ... Skate Canada is the national governing body for the sport of figure skating in Canada, recognized by the International Skating Union and the Canadian Olympic Committee. ... The Canada Games are a multi-sport event that occurs every two years in Canada, alternating between the Canada Winter Games and the Canada Summer Games. ...

Education

In 1964, the University of New Brunswick created UNB Saint John. Initially located in buildings throughout the downtown CBD, in 1968 UNBSJ opened a new campus in the city's Tucker Park neighbourhood. This campus has undergone expansion over the years and is the fastest growing component of the UNB system with many new buildings constructed between the 1970s-2000s. A trend in recent years has been a growth in the number of international students. The city also hosts a New Brunswick Community College campus in the East End of the city. In the fall of 2007, a report commissioned by the provincial government recommended that UNBSJ and the NBCC be merged to form a post-secondary institution independent of the University of New Brunswick and the NBCC system. The proposal recommended calling this new school a polytechnic to reflect a new focus on undergraduate- and graduate-level engineering, sciences and business. The proposed reduction in the humanities and the new name (which led some observers to believe that there would be no university-level programs offered at the new institution) prompted criticism. The plan was eventually shelved and it was clarified that Saint John would retain its full university campus, though many details remain unclear. The New Brunswick Community College (NBCC) is comprised of campuses in Miramichi, Moncton, Saint John, St. ... The term polytechnic, from the Greek πολύ polú meaning many and τεχνικός tekhnikós meaning arts, is commonly used in many countries to describe an institution that delivers vocational or technical education and training, other countries do not use the term and use alternative terminology. ...


Saint John is served by two school boards; District District 8 for Anglophone schools and District 1 (based out of Dieppe, New Brunswick) for the city's sole Francophone school, Centre-Scolaire-Communautaire Samuel-de-Champlain. A private school, Rothesay Netherwood School is located in the adjacent town of Rothesay. Saint John is also home to Canada's oldest publicly funded school, Saint John High School. The other high schools in the city, all belonging to School District 8, are Harbour View High School, St. Malachy's High School, and Simonds High School. Dieppe (2005 population estimate 18,000) is a city on the Petitcodiac River in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Rothesay Netherwood School is a Canadian private boarding and day university-preparatory school (grades 6-12) located in Rothesay, New Brunswick Canada. ... Saint John High School is Canadas oldest publicly-funded school, located in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... GIVER View High School is a high school located in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... St. ...


Media

Television

CBAT is the call sign for the CBCs television station in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... CBAFT is the flagship of Radio-Canadas Atlantic Canada network, serving Acadians in Moncton and the Canadian Maritimes, and Franco-Terreneuvians in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada[1] is a Canadian French language television network. ... CKLT is a Canadian television station, broadcasting in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ... CIHF is a Canadian television station, serving the Maritime provinces. ... Global Television Network (more commonly called Global TV or just Global) is a Canadian English language privately owned television network. ... Rogers Television is the brand of community channels owned by Rogers Cable, a division of Rogers Communications, many of which share common programs. ...

Radio

Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... CFBC is an AM radio station broadcasting at 930 kHz from Saint John, New Brunswick. ... Oldies is a generic term commonly used to describe a radio format that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the 50s, 60s and 70s. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... CBAL-FM is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts SRCs Espace musique network at 98. ... Espace musique is the French language musical radio service of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation / Société Radio-Canada, the national public broadcaster in Canada. ... CHNI-FM (News 88. ... For other uses, see News (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... CBD is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 91. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CHSJ-FM is a radio station at 94. ... Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... CINB is a Canadian radio station in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christian... CHWV-FM is an adult contemporary hit radio station in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CJYC-FM (C98) is an FM radio station at 98. ... For the magazine, see Classic Rock (magazine). ... CIOK-FM (K-100) is an FM radio station at 100. ... Adult contemporary music, frequently abbreciated to just AC, is a type of radio format that plays mainstream and pop music, without hip-hop or rap since, as per the name, it is geared more towards adults than teens. ... CBZ is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 101. ... CBC Radio Two is an FM radio network in Canada, operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBAF is a Canadian radio station. ... La Première Chaîne is the news and information service of la Société Radio-Canada, the French-language public broadcaster in Canada. ... CJEF is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 103. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... CHR redirects here. ... CHQC is a French language radio station in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... CFMH-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 92. ... The University of New Brunswick (UNB) is a Canadian university located in the province of New Brunswick. ...

Churches

  • Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church (11 Canon Street, North)
  • Saint Pius X Roman Catholic Church(316 Somerset Street, North)
  • Saint John Vineyard Church (204 Carmarthen Street, South)
  • The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception Roman Catholic Church (91 Waterloo Street, South)
  • Saint John the Baptist Roman Catholic Church (Broad Street, South)
  • The Assumption Roman Catholic Church (360 Dufferin Row, West)
  • Saint Ann's Roman Catholic Church (135 Simpson Drive, East)
  • Saint Joachim's Roman Catholic Parish (603 Loch Lomond Road East)
  • Saint Joseph's Catholic Church (4347 Loch Lomond Road, East)
  • Saint Rose Of Lima Roman Catholic Church (541 Milford Road, West)
  • Paroisse St-Francois-de-Sales (77 Ragged Point Road, North)
  • Saint Matthew's Roman Catholic Parish (1 Dollard Dr)
  • Stella Maris Catholic Church (201 Bayside Drive, East)
  • First United Pentecostal Church (130 Mark Drive)
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (2020 Loch Lomond Road, East)
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses (Magazine St.)
  • Main Street Baptist Church (211 Main Street, North)
  • Forest Hill's Baptist Church (36 Mountain Road, Mispec)
  • Park Avenue United Church (100 Wilton Street, East)
  • St John's Stone Church (87 Carleton St.)
  • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (177 Manchester Ave.)
  • St Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church (33 Dorchester St.)
  • Silverfalls United Church (1832 Loch Lomond Road)
  • St Mark's United Church (Dexter Dr. West)

Many other churches exist in the city and will be added in time.


Shopping Centres

Central

  • Market Square (Mall/Office)
  • Brunswick Square (Mall/Office)
  • Shoppes of City Hall (Mall/Office)
  • Trinity Royal District (Street Scape)
  • Prince Edward Square (Mall/Office)

North

  • Lansdowne Place (Plaza)
  • Churchill Plaza (Plaza)
  • Millidgeville Plaza (Plaza)

West

  • Lancaster Mall (Mall)
  • Lancaster Plaza (Plaza)
  • Mahagony Place (Plaza)
  • Main Street West (Street Scape)
  • Fairville Boulavard (Street Scape)
  • Westwind Place (Plaza)

East

  • Loch Lomond Place (Mall/Office)
  • East Point Shopping Centre (Power Centre)
  • Smart!Centres/Wal-Mart Plaza (Power Centre)
  • Exhibition/SCA Plaza (Street Scape)
  • Westmorland Place (Plaza)
  • Unnamed Hickey Road Plaza (Plaza)
  • Rothesay Avenue (Plaza)
  • Parkway Mall (Mall/Office)
  • McAllister Place (Mall)

See Saint John Mall District


Newspapers

  • The Telegraph-Journal, (daily)
  • Here [1] (weekly)
  • Le Saint-Jeannois (monthly)
  • West Side Tides (weekly)
  • East Coast Chinese Newspaper [2] (monthly)
  • Coffee News (weekly)
  • WesTides (Bi-weekly)

The Telegraph-Journal is a daily newspaper published in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. ...

Military

Besides being the location of several historical forts, such as Fort Howe, Fort Dufferin, and a Martello Tower, Saint John is the location of a number of reserve units of the Canadian Forces. Martello towers (or simply Martellos) are small defensive forts built in several countries of the British Empire during the 19th century, from the time of the Napoleonic Wars onwards. ... The Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the unified armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Act, which states: The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces. ...

The Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the unified armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Act, which states: The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces. ... The Royal New Brunswick Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Canadian Force based in New Brunswick. ... The Canadian Forces (CF) (French: Forces canadiennes (FC)) are the unified armed forces of Canada, governed by the National Defence Act, which states: The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces. ...

Notable firsts

  • Canada's first public museum, 1842. Originally known as the Gesner Museum, named after its Nova Scotian founder Abraham Gesner, the inventor of kerosene. The museum is now known as the New Brunswick Museum.
  • Canada's first quarantine station, Partridge Island.
  • The first chartered bank in Canada, 1830, the Bank of New Brunswick.
  • Canada's oldest publicly-funded high school, Saint John High School
  • The world's first foghorn as invented by Robert Foulis.
  • First penny newspaper in the Empire, Saint John News, established in 1838 (tri-weekly) by George E Fenety.
  • Canada's first Y.W.C.A. established in 1870 by Mrs. Agnes A. Blizzard, in a house on Germain Street.
  • First police union in the world was formed in Saint John in 1919.
  • First Miss Canada Mrs. Harold Drummie (nee Winnie Blair) - 1923.
  • First public playground in Canada which was started by Miss Mabel Peters. This playground is known as the Allison Ground Playground in Rockwood Court.
  • First Minister of Health of the British Empire, W. F. Roberts, M.D.
  • First Knights of Pythias in British Empire.
  • First monitor top railroad cars in the world invented by James Ferguson. The original model is in the New Brunswick Museum in Saint John.
  • First orchestra to accompany a silent moving picture on the North American continent was by Walter Golding in the old nickel theater, May 1907.
  • First clockwork time bomb developed in 1880.

Abraham Pineo Gesner, born May 2, 1797 in Cornwallis Township, Nova Scotia, Canada – died April 29, 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, was a physician and geologist who became one of the primary founders of the petroleum industry . ... For other uses, see Kerosene (disambiguation). ... The New Brunswick Museum is a Canadian museum and the provincial museum of New Brunswick. ... Partridge Island, of the coast of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, is a national and provincial historic site that sits in the blowing winds of Saint Johns Inner Harbour. ... The Bank of New Brunswick received its charter in 1820 and was the first bank in the Maritime colonies. ... Foghorns near Lizard Point, Cornwall Foghorns are a navigation aid for mariners. ... Robert Foulis (1796–1866) was a Canadian inventor, civil engineer and artist. ... The Knights of Pythias is a fraternal organization founded at Washington, DC on 19 February 1864. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Notable citizens

For other persons named Benedict Arnold, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ... Alternate meanings: West Point (disambiguation). ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... Anne Compton is a Canadian poet and critic. ... The Governor Generals Awards are named in honour of Canadas Governor General, and are presented in a number of fields. ... Charles Thomas Stompin Tom Connors OC (born February 9, 1936) is one of Canadas most prolific and well-known folk singers. ... ‹The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Mort Garson (born 20 July 1924 in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada) is an electronic musician best known for his albums that predomenantly feature Moog synthesizers. ... Abraham Pineo Gesner, born May 2, 1797 in Cornwallis Township, Nova Scotia, Canada – died April 29, 1864 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, was a physician and geologist who became one of the primary founders of the petroleum industry . ... For other uses, see Kerosene (disambiguation). ... The New Brunswick Museum is a Canadian museum and the provincial museum of New Brunswick. ... George Edwin King (October 8, 1839 – May 7, 1901) was a New Brunswick politician and jurist. ... The Supreme Court of Canada (French: Cour suprême du Canada) is the highest court of Canada and is the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... The subject of this article was previously also known as Russia. ... William Murdoch (1823—1887) was a Scottish-Canadian poet from Saint. ... Arthur James Nesbitt (August 19, 1880 - October 24, 1954) was a Canadian businessman and philanthropist who was a cofounder of Nesbitt, Thomson and Company stockbrokerage and the Power Corporation of Canada. ... Nesbitt Thomson and Company is a former Canadian stock brokerage firm founded in 1912 by Arthur J. Nesbitt and Peter A. T. Thomson. ... Power Corporation of Canada TSX: POW.SV is a major Canadian company with assets in North America and Europe in a number of industries. ... Alden Nowlan (January 25, 1933 - June 27, 1983) was a Canadian poet. ... The Paris Crew The Paris Crew is the name given to a quartet of Canadian sport rowers from Saint John, New Brunswick. ... George Frederick Phillips, (March 8, 1862 at Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada – June 4, 1904 in Cambridge, Massachusetts) is a Medal of Honor winner. ... Walter Pidgeon Walter Pidgeon (September 23, 1897 – September 25, 1984) was a Canadian actor. ... For other persons named Donald Sutherland, see Donald Sutherland (disambiguation). ... Lyman Ward (June 21, 1941) is an actor with numerous movie and television credits. ...

See also

Main article: Saint John, New Brunswick ... Grand Bay-Westfield (2001 pop. ... Quispamsis (2001 pop. ... Motto: Quinque Iuncta In Uno (Five United In One), Country Canada Province New Brunswick County Kings County, Founded 1604 Incorporated January 1, 1998 Government  - Type Town Council  - Mayor William J. Bishop  - Deputy Mayor Bill Artiss  - Councillors Paul Barry, Scott Cochrane, Pat Gallagher Jette, Terry Kilfoil, Norma Mullett , Tom Young Area... Saint John County (2001 population 76,407) is located in southern New Brunswick, Canada. ... On October 9, 2007 the city of Saint John, New Brunswick held a plebiscite on a proposal regarding how its Common Council would be composed in the future. ...

Notes

According to Alan Rayburn's 'Geographical Names of New Brunswick', which was published by the Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names, the county is spelled in its entirety, while the river is "commonly abbreviated." However, according to the 'Gazetteer of Canada', both the river and the county are spelled in their entirety. Additionally, in the Territorial Division Act (http://www.gnb.ca/acts/acts/t-03.htm), the county is spelled in its entirety. Nickname: Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: , Country Province Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ...


Communications New Brunswick follows the Canadian Press format, which is to spell out the names of the city, harbour and county, and abbreviate the name of the river.


So while not definitive, it appears that St. John River and Saint John River are both correct (with the nod going to St. John River).


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sex incorperation Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This is a list of the counties in the Canadian province of New Brunswick, with shire towns in parentheses. ... Communities of the Province of New Brunswick, Canada See also: List of parishes in New Brunswick Incorporated municipalities Alma, New Brunswick Aroostook, New Brunswick Atholville, New Brunswick Baker Brook, New Brunswick Balmoral, New Brunswick Bas Caraquet, New Brunswick Bath, New Brunswick Bathurst, New Brunswick Belledune, New Brunswick Beresford, New Brunswick... // Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova Scotia Newfoundland and... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Bathurst (2006 population 12,714; UA 18,154; CA population 31,424) is a Canadian city in Gloucester County, New Brunswick. ... J.C. Van Horne Bridge crossing between Campbellton and Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec The Restigouche River showing the J.C. Van Horne Bridge crossing between Campbellton and Pointe-à-la-Croix, Québec Campbellton (2001 population 7,798) is the smallest of the eight officially incorporated cities in New Brunswick... Dieppe (2005 population estimate 18,000) is a city on the Petitcodiac River in southeastern New Brunswick, Canada. ... Edmundston is a city in Madawaska County at the junction of the Saint John and Madawaska Rivers in northwestern New Brunswick, Canada only a few kilometres from the border with Quebec and on the border with the United States, opposite the town of Madawaska, Maine. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district of the same name, see Fredericton (electoral district). ... Ritchie Wharf on the Newcastle waterfront in the City of Miramichi. ... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... A map of Torontos Census Metropolitan Area, which contains a large portion of the Greater Toronto Area. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Greater Montreal Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Motto: Building a sustainable region Location of Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia Coordinates: , Country Province Region Lower Mainland Seat Burnaby Established 1967 Government [1]  - Board GVRD Board of Directors  - Chair Lois Jackson  - MPs List of MPs Don Bell Dawn Black Raymond Chan John Cummins Libby Davies Sukh Dhaliwal... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The National Capital Region is an official federal designation for the Canadian capital of Ottawa, Ontario, the neighbouring city of Gatineau, Quebec and the surrounding area. ... Northern Alberta Southern Alberta Central Alberta The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... The Edmonton Capital Region (ECR), also known as Greater Edmonton or the Alberta Capital Region, comprises Albertas provincial capital of Edmonton and surrounding communities in Sturgeon County(north), Parkland County (west), Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County (east) and Leduc County (south). ... The Communauté métropolitaine de Québec or Quebec Metropolitan Community (CMQ) is a geopolitical region encompassing numerous cities, towns and villages in the Quebec City economic area. ... The Winnipeg Capital Region is located in the Red River Valley in the south central portion of the province of Manitoba, Canada, containing the provincial capital of Winnipeg and its surrounding rural municipalities (RMs), cities, and towns. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English French (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 14 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 15, 1870 (5th) Area  Ranked 8th Total 647,797... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... For other places with the same name, see London (disambiguation). ... The Regional Municipality of Waterloo is a regional municipality located in Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Industry and Liberality Location of St. ... Heraldic Motto: Unity, Responsibility, Loyalty Corporate Motto: Building Communities, Building Lives Location of the Niagara Region within Ontario Area: 1,852 sq. ... Motto: E Mari Merces(Latin) From the Sea, Wealth Coordinates: , Country Province Established April 1, 1996 Government  - Type Regional Municipality  - Mayor Peter Kelly  - Governing body Halifax Regional Council  - MPs List of MPs Alexa McDonough Geoff Regan Michael Savage Peter Stoffer (Bill Casey) (Gerald Keddy) (Peter MacKay)  - MLAs List of MLAs... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Oshawa (estimated 2004 population 150 000; metropolitan population 296 298) is a city on Lake Ontario located approximately 60 km east of downtown Toronto in Ontario, Canada. ... Greater Victoria (also known as the Greater Victoria Region) is located in British Columbia, Canada, on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... For other uses of Saskatoon, see Saskatoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Floreat Regina (Let Regina Flourish) Location of Regina in the SE quadrant of Saskatchewan Coordinates: , Country Province District Municipality of Sherwood Established 1882 Government  - City Mayor Pat Fiacco  - Governing body Regina City Council  - MPs Dave Batters Ralph Goodale Tom Lukiwski Andrew Scheer  - MLAs Trent Wotherspoon Kevin Yates Kim... “Sherbrooke” redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: , Country Province Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... For the electoral district, see Barrie (electoral district). ... Location of Kelowna within the Central Okanagan in British Columbia, Canada Country Province Regional District Central Okanagan Settled 1879 Incorporated 1905 Government  - Mayor Sharon Shepherd  - Governing body Kelowna City Council  - MP Ron Cannan  - MLAs Al Horning Sindi Hawkins Area  - City 283 km²  (109. ... For other cities with this name, see Abbotsford. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedificemus (Latin for Come, let us build together) Coordinates: , Country Province Established 1893 (as Sudbury)   2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Government  - Mayor John Rodriguez  - Governing Body Greater Sudbury City Council  - MPs Raymond Bonin (LPC), Diane Marleau (LPC)  - MPPs Rick Bartolucci (OLP), Shelley Martel (NDP) Area  - City 3,200 km... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel Kingston, Ontario, the first capital[1] of Canada, is located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ... Saguenay (officially Ville de Saguenay) is a city (2001 population: 148,050) in the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada, on the Saguenay River, about 200 kilometres north of Quebec City. ... Des Forges boulevard at night. ... Nickname: Motto: Faith, Fidelity and Progress Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario County Wellington County City Wards There are 6 Wards Founded April 23, 1827 Incorporated April 23, 1879 Government  - Mayor Karen Farbridge (elected November 2006)  - Governing Body Guelph City Council  - MPs Brenda Chamberlain (LPC)  - MPPs Liz Sandals (OLP) Area  - City... For other uses, see Moncton (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Province Established May 31, 1877 Government  - City Mayor Mike Hancock  - Governing Body Brantford City Council  - MP Lloyd St. ... Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... Nickname: Motto: Dat natura, elaborant artes (Nature Provides, Industry Develops) Map of Ontario with Peterborough indicated with a red dot Coordinates: , Country Province County Peterborough County Established 1819 - Scotts Plains Incorporated as town 1850 - Peterborough Incorporated as city July 1, 1905 Government  - Mayor Paul Ayotte  - MP Dean Del Mastro...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Saint John, New Brunswick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3756 words)
Saint John remains the industrial powerhouse of the Maritime provinces of Canada (New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island) and currently hosts the greatest concentration of industry on the Atlantic coast north of New York City.
Saint John has some of the tallest office buildings in New Brunswick the skyline in the city is one of the most distinctive in the province of New Brunswick, boasting the most high rise buildings with a large mix of heritage buildings at the same time.
Saint John is served by three school boards; District 6 and District 8 for Anglophone schools and District 1 for Francophone schools.
New Brunswick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4603 words)
New Brunswick is bounded on the north by Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula and Chaleur Bay and on the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and Northumberland Strait.
New Brunswick's relative location away from the Atlantic coastline hindered new settlement during the immediate post war period; although there were some notable exceptions such as the founding of "The Bend" (present day Moncton) in 1766 by Pennsylvania Dutch settlers sponsored by Benjamin Franklin's Philadelphia Land Company.
Saint John is a port city, with heavy industry in the form of pulp and paper, oil refineries, and drydocks, all owned by the family of the late K.C. Irving.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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