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Encyclopedia > Saint Flavian

Flavian or Phlabianus (d. August 11, 449), an adherent of the Antiochene school, and bishop of Constantinople (446 - 449). August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events August 3 - The Second Council of Ephesus opens, chaired by Dioscorus, Patriarch of Alexandria. ... Antioch on the Orontes (Greek: Αντιόχεια η επί Δάφνη, Αντιόχεια η επί Ορόντου or Αντιόχεια η Μεγάλη; Latin: Antiochia ad Orontem, also Antiochia dei Siri), the Great Antioch or Syrian Antioch was an ancient city located on the eastern side (left bank) of the Orontes River about 30 km from the sea and its port, Seleucia Pieria. ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... Map of Constantinople. ... Events A synod is held by Turibius of Astorga. ...


He is described by Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos as being at his election guardian of the sacred vessels of the great church of Constantinople, with a reputation for a heavenly life. Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, of Constantinople, the last of the Greek ecclesiastical historians, flourished around 1320. ...


Roman Emperor Theodosius II was staying at Chalcedon during his consecration. Chrysaphius his minister immediately plotted against the new patriarch. Foiled in an attempt to extort a present of gold to the emperor for acknowledging his elevation, Chrysaphius, with the empress Aelia Eudocia for an ally, planned two methods of attack against Flavian--the direct subversion of the authority of the emperor's sister Pulcheria; and the support of Flavian's rival Eutyches. Pulcheria had devoted herself to a religious life; let the emperor order the prelate to ordain her a deaconess. Flavian, receiving the emperor's command to this effect, and beyond measure grieved, sent a private message to Pulcheria, who divined the scheme, and to avoid a struggle retired to Hebdomum, where for a time she led a private life (Theophanes, Chronicle). Roman Emperor is the term historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... Theodosius II Flavius Theodosius II (April, 401 - July 28, 450 ). The eldest son of Eudoxia and Arcadius who at the age of 7 became the Roman Emperor of the East. ... Chalcedon (Χαλκεδον, sometimes transliterated by purists as Chalkedon; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar). ... To consecrate an inanimate object is to dedicate it in a ritual to a special purpose, usually religious. ... Portrait of Aelia Eudocia on this tremissis. ... Pulcheria (January 19, 399 – 453) was the daughter of the Eastern Roman Emperor Arcadius and Aelia Eudoxia. ... Eutyches (c. ... Saint Theophanes the Confessor (about 758/760, Constantinople - March 17, 817 or 818, Samothrace) was an aristocratic but ascetic Byzantine monk and chronicler. ...


Previously Flavian which deposed Eutyches in 448, but in the following year he was deposed and exiled by the Second Council of Ephesus (the "Robber Council"), which reinstated Eutyches in his office. Eutyches (c. ... Events Eutyches is accused of heresy at a council held in Constantinople. ... The Robber Council of Ephesus (also, Second Council of Ephesus, Robber Synod or Latrocinium) was a latrocinistic church council at Ephesus. ...


Flavian presided at a council of 40 bishops at Constantinople on November 8, 448, to compose a difference between the metropolitan bishop of Sardis and two bishops of his province. Eusebius, bishop of Dorylaeum, presented his indictment against Eutyches. The speech of Flavian remains, concluding with this appeal to the bishop of Dorylaeum: "Let your reverence condescend to visit him and argue with him about the true faith, and if he shall be found in very truth to err, then he shall be called to our holy assembly, and shall answer for himself." For the particulars of this great controversy see Dioscorus of Alexandria and Eutyches. In Christianity, an Ecumenical Council or general council is a meeting of the bishops of the whole church convened to discuss and settle matters of Church doctrine and practice. ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... Events Eutyches is accused of heresy at a council held in Constantinople. ... In hierarchical Christian churches, the rank of metropolitan bishop, or simply metropolitan, pertains to the diocesan bishop or archbishop (then more precisely called Metropolitan archbishop) of a metropolis; that is, the chief city of an old Roman province, ecclesiastical province, or regional capital. ... Sardis, (also Sardes) the capital of the ancient kingdom of Lydia, the seat of a conventus under the Roman Empire, and the metropolis of the province Lydia in later Roman and Byzantine times, was situated in the middle Hermus valley, at the foot of Mt. ... Eusebius was a 5th century bishop of Dorylaeum in Asia Minor. ... Dorylaeum was an ancient city in Anatolia. ... In the common law legal system, an indictment is a formal charge of having committed a serious criminal offence. ... Dioscorus (or Dioscurus) (died c. ... Eutyches (c. ...


Flavian's death shortly afterwards was attributed, by a pious fiction, to ill treatment at the hands of his theological opponents. On August 8, 449 the Latrocinium assembled at Ephesus, Eutyches violently attacked the archbishop. On August 11, 449, Flavian died at Hypepe in Lydia from the injuries he received from this attack. August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... Events August 3 - The Second Council of Ephesus opens, chaired by Dioscorus, Patriarch of Alexandria. ... Latrocinium is a ecclesiastical Latin word meaning rebel or hostile council. It literally means robber council. ... August 11 is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Lydia (Greek ) is a historic region of western Anatolia, congruent with Turkeys modern provinces of Ä°zmir and Manisa. ...


When Pulcheria returned to power, after her brother's death, she had Flavian's remains, which had been buried obscurely, brought with great pomp to Constantinople. It was more like a triumph, says the chronicler, than a funeral procession. The council of Chalcedon canonized him as a martyr, and in the Latin Church he is commemorated on February 18. The Council of Chalcedon was an ecumenical council that took place from October 8 to November 1, 451, at Chalcedon (a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor), today part of the city of Istanbul on the Asian side of the Bosphorus and known as the district of Kadıköy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Among the documents which touch on the career of Flavian are the reply of Petrus Chrysologus, archbishop of Ravenna, to a circular appeal of Eutyches, and various letters of Theodoret. Pope Leo I wrote Flavian a beautiful letter before hearing that he was dead. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... Eutyches (c. ... Theodoret (393 – c. ... Pope Saint Leo I, or Leo the Great, was a Roman aristocrat who was Pope from 440 to 461. ...


Sources

  • Evagrius. ii. 2. etc.
  • Facund, Pro Trib. Capit. viii. 5; xii. 5.
  • Leo. Mag. Epp. 23, 26, 27, 28, 44.
  • Liberatus Diac. Breviar. xi. xii.
  • Nicephorus, Constant. xiv. 47.
  • Sozomen H. E. ix. 1.
  • Theophanes, Chronology pp. 84-88.
  • This article uses text from A Dictionary of Christian Biography and Literature to the End of the Sixth Century A.D., with an Account of the Principal Sects and Heresies by Henry Wace. [1]
Preceded by:
Proclus
Patriarch of Constantinople
446449
Succeeded by:
Anatolius

  Results from FactBites:
 
Prologue: hagiographies of the saints (86 words)
Flavian became patriarch of Constantinople following St. Proclus.
He fought resolutely against Eutyches and Dioscorus, but did not live to see the Triumph of Orthodoxy at the Fourth Ecumenical Council (Chalcedon 451 A.D.), for prior to that at a heretical council (Ephesus, 431 A.D.) he was mercilessly beaten trampled upon and died there.
Flavian was a faithful soldier of Christ, courageous defender and confessor of the Orthodox Faith.
CIN - St. Flavian, Martyr, Archbishop of Constantinople (1599 words)
Flavian, an enemy to simony, answered resolutely that the revenues and treasure of the church were designed for other uses, namely, the honour of God and the relief Of his poor.
The saint's refusal was a second offence in the eyes of the sycophants of the court.
Flavian presented to the emperor a profession of his faith, wherein he condemned the errors of both Eutyches and Nestorius, his adversaries pretending that he favoured the latter.
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