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Encyclopedia > Saint David
Saint David

19th century stained glass window in Jesus College Chapel, Oxford.
Bishop
Born N/K, Caerfai, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Died 1 March probably 589, St David's, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church; Anglican Communion
Canonized 1123, Rome, Italy, officially recognised by Pope Calixtus II
Major shrine St David's Cathedral, Pembrokeshire, Wales: shrine largely extant, controversial bones in casket
Feast 1 March
Attributes bishop with a dove, usually on his shoulder, sometimes standing on a raised hillock
Patronage Wales; Pembrokeshire; vegetarians; poets
Controversy The earliest of the supposed bones of Saint David and Saint Justinian housed in a casket in the Holy Trinity Chapel of St David's Cathedral have been carbon-dated to the 12th century.
Saints Portal

Saint David (c. 500589) (known in Welsh as Dewi Sant) was a church official, later regarded as a saint and as the patron saint of Wales. David contrasts with other national patron saints such as England's St George, in that a relatively large amount of information is known about his life. However, his birth date is still controversial, with suggestions ranging from 462 to 512. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (640x684, 159 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Jesus College, Oxford Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... It has been suggested that window frames be merged into this article or section. ... and of the Jesus College College name Jesus College in the University of Oxford of Queen Elizabeths Foundation Named after Jesus Christ Established 1571 Sister college Jesus College, Cambridge Principal The Lord Krebs JCR President Paolo Wyatt Undergraduates 340 MCR President Jahan Zahid Graduates 160 Location Turl Street, Oxford... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the country. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events October 17 - The Adige River overflows its banks, flooding the church of St. ... St Davids (Welsh: Tyddewi) is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the country. ... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... Anglicanism commonly refers to the beliefs and practices of the Anglican Communion, the churches that are in full communion with the see of Canterbury. ... Icon of St. ... Events First Council of the Lateran confirms Concordat of Worms and demands that priests remain celibate End of the reign of Emperor Toba of Japan. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Callixtus II, né Guido of Vienne (d. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the country. ... The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organising a liturgical year on the level of days by associating each day with one or more saints, and referring to the day as that saints day. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint symbology was important to people who couldnt read because they can figure out what symbols mean. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... This article is about the country. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... This article concerns the holy Trinity of Christianity. ... St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Image File history File links Gloriole. ... Saint David can refer to: Saint David (Dewi Sant, c. ... Events Possible date for the Battle of Mons Badonicus: Romano-British and Celts defeat an Anglo-Saxon army that may have been led by the bretwalda Aelle of Sussex (approximate date; suggested dates range from 490 to 510) Note: This battle may have influenced the legend of King Arthur. ... Events October 17 - The Adige River overflows its banks, flooding the church of St. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... In traditional Christian iconography, Saints are often depicted as having halos. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... This article is about the country. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Saint-George is a municipality with 695 inhabitants (as of 2003) in the district of Aubonne in the canton of Vaud, Switzerland. ... Events September 1 - possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. ... Events Roman (Byzantine) Emperor Anastasius I ends a period of moderate ecclestical policy, and starts strongly favoring his own monophysitist beliefs. ...

Contents

Early life

Rhygyfarch, the late 11th century author of the saint's life story (see below), wrote that David was the son of sanctus rex ceredigionis, where Sanctus has been interpreted as a proper name and its owner honoured by Welsh Christians as Sandde, King of Ceredigion. However, this Latin phrase can equally well mean simply "holy king of Ceredigion". The king of Ceredigion around the time of David's birth would have been Usai. According to Rhygyfarch, Sandde was his brother, so probably only a king of part of Ceredigion. They were sons of King Ceredig, founder of Ceredigion. The saint was conceived through violence and his poor mother, Non (possibly just 'a nun'), the daughter of Lord Cynyr of Caer Goch (in Pembrokeshire), gave birth to him on a cliff top during a violent storm. David was educated at what is usually taken to be Whitland in Carmarthenshire under Saint Paulinus of Wales. Rhigyfarch or Ricemarch (1057-1099)eldest son of Sulien, whom he succeeded as abbot/bishop of St. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... For other uses please see Ceredigion (disambiguation) Ceredigion is a county and principal area in mid Wales. ... Ceredig, King of Ceredigion (born 420AD) Son of Cunedda, he arrived in Wales from Clackmannanshire with his fathers family when they were invited to help ward off Irish invaders. ... For wife of Gregory of Nazianzus the Elder, see Nonna of Nazianzus. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Storm (disambiguation). ... Whitland (in Welsh Y Hendy Gwyn) is a small town in Carmarthenshire, Wales, lying on the River Taf. ... Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a one of thirteen historic counties and a principal area in Wales. ... Saint Paulinus of Wales was a late 5th century Welsh holyman, revered as a saint in Carmarthenshire. ...


Monasticism

St. David as teacher of St. Finnian in a stained glass window at Clonard
St. David as teacher of St. Finnian in a stained glass window at Clonard

He became renowned as a teacher and preacher, founding monastic settlements and churches in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany in a period when neighbouring tribal regions (that were to be united as England three hundred years later) were still mostly pagan. He rose to a bishopric, and presided over two synods, as well as going on pilgrimages to Jerusalem (where he was anointed as a bishop by the Patriarch) and Rome. St David's Cathedral now stands on the site of the monastery he founded in the remote and inhospitable valley of 'Glyn Rhosyn' in Pembrokeshire. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 457 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 1138 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 457 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (868 × 1138 pixel, file size: 303 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... St Finnian of Clonard (Cluain Eraird) (470 - 549) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland. ... This article is about Clonard, County Meath. ... Monastic Settlements are areas built up in and around the development of Monastaries with the spread of Christianity. ... For the architectural structure, see Church (building). ... This article is about the country. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Pagan and heathen redirect here. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      This article... A synod (also known as a council) is a council of a church, usually a Christian church, convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... For other senses, see Patriarch (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ... Monastery of St. ... Pembrokeshire (Welsh: ) is a county in the southwest of Wales in the United Kingdom. ...


The Monastic Rule of David prescribed that monks had to pull the plough themselves without draught animals; to drink only water; to eat only bread with salt and herbs; and to spend the evenings in prayer, reading and writing. No personal possessions were allowed: to say "my book" was an offence. He lived a simple life and practiced asceticism, teaching his followers to refrain from eating meat or drinking beer. His symbol, also the symbol of Wales, is the leek. Monastery of St. ... The traditional way: a German farmer works the land with a horse and plough. ... Simple living (or voluntary simplicity) is a lifestyle individuals may pursue for a variety of motivations, such as spirituality, health, or ecology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article refers to human nutrition and diet, for plant based diets in the animal kingdom see herbivore A variety of vegetarian food ingredients Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products. ... Teetotalism is the principle or practice of complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages. ... Binomial name Allium ampeloprasum (Linnaeus) J. Gay The Leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. ...


The best-known miracle associated with Saint David is said to have taken place when he was preaching in the middle of a large crowd at the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi. When those at the back complained that they could not see or hear him, the ground on which he stood is reputed to have risen up to form a small hill so that everyone had a good view. A white dove was seen settling on his shoulder—a sign of God's grace and blessing. John Davies notes that one can scarcely "conceive of any miracle more superfluous" in that part of Wales[1]—a more mundane version of this story is that he simply recommended that the synod participants move to the hilltop. In works of art, David is frequently shown with a dove on his shoulder. The village of Llanddewi Brefi is said to stand on the spot where the miracle occurred. A miracle, derived from the old Latin word miraculum meaning something wonderful, is a striking interposition of divine intervention by God in the universe by which the ordinary course and operation of Nature is overruled, suspended, or modified. ... The Synod of Brefi was a church council held at Llanddewi Brefi in the county of Ceredigion in Wales around 545. ... Llanddewi Brefi is a small village in Ceredigion (Cardiganshire), Wales. ...


The document that contains much of the traditional tales about David is Buchedd Dewi, a hagiography written by Rhygyfarch in the late 11th century. One of Rhygyfarch's aims now was that his document could establish some independence for the Welsh church, which was risking losing its independence following the Norman invasion of England in 1066. It is significant that David is said to have denounced Pelagianism during the incident before the ground rose beneath him. Hagiography is the study of saints. ... Rhigyfarch or Ricemarch (1057-1099)eldest son of Sulien, whom he succeeded as abbot/bishop of St. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Bayeux Tapestry depicting events leading to the Battle of Hastings The Norman Conquest was the conquest of England by William the Conqueror (Duke of Normandy), in 1066 at the Battle of Hastings and the subsequent Norman control of England. ... Events January 6 - Harold II is crowned September 20 - Battle of Fulford September 25 - Battle of Stamford Bridge September 29 - William of Normandy lands in England at Pevensey. ... Pelagianism is the belief that original sin did not taint human nature (which, being created from God, was divine), and that mortal will is still capable of choosing good or evil without Divine aid. ...


William of Malmesbury recorded that David visited Glastonbury intending to dedicate the Abbey, as well as to donate a travelling altar including a great sapphire. He had a vision of Jesus, who said that "the church had been dedicated long ago by Himself in honour of His Mother, and it was not seemly that it should be re-dedicated by human hands". So David instead commissioned an extension to be built to the abbey, east of the Old Church. (The dimensions of this extension given by William were verified archaeologically in 1921.) One manuscript indicates that a sapphire altar was among the items King Henry VIII confiscated from the abbey at its dissolution a thousand years later. There are unverifiable indications that the sapphire may now be among the Crown Jewels. William of Malmesbury (c. ... Glastonbury is a small town in Somerset, England, situated at a dry spot on the Somerset Levels, 50km (31 miles) south of Bristol. ... For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... “Henry VIII” redirects here. ... Coronation Chair and Regalia of England The collective term Crown Jewels denotes the regalia and vestments worn by the sovereign of the United Kingdom during the coronation ceremony and at various other state functions. ...


Death

It is claimed that David lived for over 100 years, and he died on a Tuesday 1 March (now St David's Day). It is generally accepted that this was around 590, making the actual year 589. The monastery is said to have been 'filled with angels as Christ received his soul'. His last words to his followers were in a sermon on the previous Sunday. Rhygyfarch transcribes these as 'Be joyful, and keep your faith and your creed. Do the little things that you have seen me do and heard about. I will walk the path that our fathers have trod before us.' 'Do the little things' ('Gwnewch y pethau bychain') is today a very well-known phrase in Welsh, and has proved an inspiration to many. Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_David. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saint_David. ... The Flag of St David The Flag of St David is normally a gold cross on a black field, although it appears in many forms including a black cross on a gold field, or with an engrailed cross. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Davids Day (Welsh: Dydd Gŵyl Dewi Sant - Day of the Festival of Saint David) is the day that the patron saint of Wales, Saint David, is celebrated. ... Events September 3 - St. ... Events October 17 - The Adige River overflows its banks, flooding the church of St. ...


David was buried at St David's Cathedral where his shrine was a popular place of pilgrimage throughout the Middle Ages. Unlike many contemporary 'saints' of Wales, David was officially recognised by Pope Callixtus II in 1120. St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ... Eastern Orthodox shrine Buddhist shrine just outside Wat Phnom. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Callixtus II (or Calistus II), born Guido of Vienne (died December 13, 1124), the son of William I, Count of Burgundy (1057–87), was elected Pope on February 2, 1119, after the death of Pope Gelasius II (1118–19). ... Events Welcher of Malvern creates a system of measurement for the earth using degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude and longitude. ...


David's life and teachings have inspired a choral work by Welsh composer Karl Jenkins, Dewi Sant. It is a seven-movement work that is best known for the classical crossover series Adiemus, which intersperses movements reflecting the themes of David's last sermon with those drawing from three Psalms. Karl Jenkins (born February 17, 1944) is a Welsh musician and composer. ... Adiemus (pronounced ) is the title of a series of albums by British composer Karl Jenkins. ...


See also

Christian vegetarianism is based on extending the compassionate teachings of Jesus, the twelve apostles and the early church to all living beings through vegetarianism or veganism. ...

References

  1. ^ Davies, John (1993/2007). A History of Wales. London: Penguin, 74. 

Professor John Davies is Waless a historian, and a television and radio broadcaster. ...

External links

  • Early British Kingdoms: St. Dewi, Bishop of Mynyw
  • Catholic Encyclopedia: St. David
  • History of St. David's Day & Flag of St David
  • Statue of Saint David
  • St David's Cathedral

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