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Encyclopedia > Saint Augustine of Canterbury
Saint Augustine of Canterbury
Saint Augustine of Canterbury

Augustine of Canterbury (birth unknown, died May 26, 604) was the first Archbishop of Canterbury, sent to Ethelbert of Kent, Bretwalda of England by Pope Gregory the Great in 597. He was accompanied by Laurence of Canterbury, the second archbishop. Image File history File links SaintAugustineOfCanterbury. ... Image File history File links SaintAugustineOfCanterbury. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... Events April 13 - Sabinianus becomes Pope, succeeding Gregory I. September 13 - Pope Sabinianus is consecrated. ... Arms of the see of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior clergyman of the established Church of England and symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion. ... Statue of Ethelbert. ... Bretwalda is an Anglo-Saxon term, the first record of which comes from the late 9th-century Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. ... Pope Saint Gregory I or Gregory the Great (ca. ... Events Saint Augustine is created Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Saint Laurence of Canterbury (d. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ...


St Augustine's mission

In 596, Augustine was praepositus (prior) of the monastery of Saint Andrew, founded by Pope Gregory I, and was sent by Gregory at the head of forty monks to preach to the Anglo-Saxons. They lost heart on the way and Augustine went back to Rome from Provence and asked that the mission be given up. The pope, however, commanded and encouraged them to proceed, and they landed on the Island of Thanet in the spring of 597. Events King Ethelbert of Kent asks for missionaries to visit his kingdom Births Deaths Categories: 596 ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), called in the Orthodox tradition Protocletos, or the First-called, is a Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter. ... Pope Saint Gregory I or Gregory the Great (ca. ... Provence is a former Roman province and is now a region of southeastern France, located on the Mediterranean Sea adjacent to Frances border with Italy. ... William Cobbett in 1827 when he rode to the Island The Isle of Thanet is an area of northeast Kent, England. ... Events Saint Augustine is created Archbishop of Canterbury. ...


Ethelbert's wife Bertha, daughter of Charibert, one of the Merovingian kings of the Franks, had brought a chaplain with her (Liudhard) and either built a church, or restored a church in Canterbury from Roman times, and dedicated it to St. Martin of Tours (either of which is possibly St. Martin's), a major patronal saint for the Merovingian royal family. Ethelbert himself was a pagan, but allowed his wife to worship God her own way. Probably under influence of his wife, Ethelbert asked Pope Gregory I to send missionaries. Charibert (c. ... For other uses of the term Merovingian, see Merovingian (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... St Martin as a bishop: modern icon in the chapel of the Eastern Orthodox Monastery of the Theotokos and St Martin, Cantauque, Provence. ... Parish church in Canterbury, out of town centre. ... Paganism (from Latin paganus, meaning a country dweller or civilian) is a blanket term which has come to connote a broad set of spiritual or religious beliefs and practices of natural or polytheistic religions, as opposed to the Abrahamic monotheistic religions. ... Pope Saint Gregory I or Gregory the Great (ca. ...


Ethelbert permitted the missionaries to settle and preach in his town of Canterbury and before the end of the year he was converted and Augustine was consecrated bishop at Arles. At Christmas 10,000 of the king's subjects were baptized. Statistics Population: 42,258 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TR145575 Administration District: City of Canterbury Shire county: Kent Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Kent Historic county: Kent Services Police force: Kent Police Ambulance service: South East Coast Post office and... Arles (Arle in Provençal) is a city in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône département, of which it is a sous-préfecture, in the former province of Provence. ... Christmas is a Christian holiday held on December 25 which celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. ...


Augustine sent a report of his success to Gregory with certain questions concerning his work. In 601 Mellitus, Justus and others brought the pope's replies, with the pallium for Augustine and a present of sacred vessels, vestments, relics, books, and the like. Gregory directed the new archbishop to ordain as soon as possible twelve suffragan bishops and to send a bishop to York, who should also have twelve suffragans — a plan which was not carried out, nor was the primatial see established at London as Gregory intended. Augustine consecrated Mellitus Bishop of London and Justus Bishop of Rochester. Events The future Archbishops of Canterbury, Mellitus, Justus, and Honorius, and the future Archbishop of York Paulinus, are sent to England by Pope Gregory I to aid Augustine in his missionary work. ... Saint Mellitus (d. ... Saint Justus (d. ... The Pallium or Pall (derived, so far as the name is concerned, from the Roman pallium or palla, a woollen cloak) is an ecclesiastical vestment in the Roman Catholic Church, originally peculiar to the Pope, but for many centuries past bestowed by him on metropolitans and primates as a symbol... Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religions, especially the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran and Anglican Churches. ... A relic is an object, especially a piece of the body or a personal item of someone of religious significance, carefully preserved with an air of veneration as a tangible memorial, Relics are an important aspect of Buddhism, some denominations of Christianity, Hinduism, shamanism, and many other personal belief systems. ... A bishop is an ordained person who holds a specific position of authority in any of a number of Christian churches. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... York is a city in northern England, at the confluence of the Rivers Ouse and Foss. ... A see (from the Latin word sedem, meaning seat) is the throne (cathedra) of a bishop. ... London is the capital city of England and of the United Kingdom, and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... Saint Mellitus (d. ... Rochester is a small town in Kent, at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London. ...


More practicable were the pope's mandates concerning heathen temples and usages: the former were to be consecrated to Christian service and the latter, so far as possible, to be transformed into dedication ceremonies or feasts of martyrs, since "he who would climb to a lofty height must go up by steps, not leaps" (letter of Gregory to Mellitus, in Bede, i, 30). Bede depicted in an early medieval manuscript Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493. ...


Augustine reconsecrated and rebuilt an old church at Canterbury as his cathedral and founded a monastery in connection with it. He also restored a church and founded the monastery of St. Peter and St. Paul outside the walls. He is claimed to have founded The King's School, Canterbury, which would make it the world's oldest school; however there may be little more to this than that some teaching took place at the monastery. The Kings School (founded 597) is a British Independent School (sometimes called Public School) located in Canterbury in the county of Kent. ...


Sources

This article includes content derived from the public domain Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1914.
The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge is a 1914 religious encyclopedia, published in thirteen volumes. ...

Saxon: Augustine | Laurentius | Mellitus | Justus | Honorius | Deusdedit | Wighard | Adrian | Theodore | Bertwald | Tatwin | Nothelm | Cuthbert | Bregwin | Jaenbert | Æthelhard | Wulfred|Syred| Feologild| Ceolnoth| Ethelred| Plegmund| Athelm| Wulfhelm| Oda| Aelfsige| Birthelm| Dunstan| Æthelgar| Sigeric| Ælfric| Alphege| Lyfing| Aethelnoth| Edsige| Robert of Jumièges| Stigand
Medieval to Reformation: Lanfranc| Anselm| Ralph d'Escures| William de Corbeil| Theobald| Thomas Becket| Richard| Baldwin| Reginald Fitz-Jocelin| Hubert Walter| John de Gray| Stephen Langton| Walter d'Eynsham| Richard le Grant| Ralph Neville| John of Sittingbourne| John Blund| Edmund Rich| Boniface| William Chillenden| Robert Kilwardby| Robert Burnell| John Peckham| Robert Winchelsey| Thomas Cobham| Walter Reynolds| Simon Mepeham| John de Stratford| John de Ufford| Thomas Bradwardine| Simon Islip| William Edington| Simon Langham| William Whittlesey| Simon Sudbury| William Courtenay| Thomas Arundel| Roger Walden| Thomas Arundel| Henry Chichele| John Stafford| John Kemp| Thomas Bourchier| John Morton| Thomas Langton| Henry Deane| William Warham
Reformation to present: Thomas Cranmer| Reginald Pole| Matthew Parker| Edmund Grindal| John Whitgift| Richard Bancroft| George Abbot| William Laud| William Juxon| Gilbert Sheldon| William Sancroft| John Tillotson| Thomas Tenison| William Wake| John Potter| Thomas Herring| Matthew Hutton| Thomas Secker| Frederick Cornwallis| John Moore| Charles Manners-Sutton| William Howley| John Bird Sumner| Charles Thomas Longley| Archibald Campbell Tait| Edward White Benson| Frederick Temple| Randall Thomas Davidson| Cosmo Lang| William Temple| Geoffrey Fisher| Michael Ramsey| Donald Coggan| Robert Runcie| George Carey| Rowan Williams

 
 

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